H5712 ‛êdâh   ay-daw'   noun

Feminine of H5707 a witness; abstractly testimony; specifically a recorder in the original sense of fixture; a stated assemblage (specifically a concourse, or generally a family or crowd): - assembly, company, congregation, multitude, people, gathering, swarm. Compare H5713 testimony, witness. BDB always plural and always of laws as divine testimonies.


The Hebrew word 'edah' means a gathering of people. When 'edah' is used of Israel, it always refers to all of the descendants of Jacob, the entire nation of Israel. The members.



H6951  qâhâl   kaw-hawl   noun

From H6950 verb  A primitive root; to convoke: - assemble (selves) (together), gather (selves) (together). ; assemblage (usually concretely): - assembly, company, congregation, multitude.


The Hebrew word 'qahal' is used for a gathering of people.

The Assembly of Israel are those within the community (edah) who have consecrated themselves by keeping Yahweh's decrees and are therefore made holy by Yahweh.

The difference between the Assembly (qahal) and the community (edah) is based on an individual's relationship with Yahweh. Those who remain faithful to Yahweh and His covenant are part of the Assembly (qahal-obedient body) of Israel. Those who are in the Assembly (qahal) of Israel, are also a part of the community (edah) of Israel, but not everyone in the community of Israel is part of the Assembly of Israel.


H4150  mô‛êd    mô‛êd    mô‛âdâh   mo-ade', mo-ade', mo-aw-daw'

From H3259 to meet; properly an appointment, that is, a fixed time or season; specifically a festival; conventionally a year; by implication, an assembly (as convened for a definite purpose); technically the congregation; by extension, the place of meeting; also a signal (as appointed beforehand): - appointed (sign, time), (place of, solemn) assembly, congregation, (set, solemn) feast, (appointed, due, sacred) season, solemn (-ity), synagogue, (set) time (appointed).

In the context, used for 'the tabernacle of the congregation', which is the Tent of Meeting. During the Exodus, and up until the time when Solomon built the Temple, the tabernacle was a tent. The Septuagint has 'tabernacle of witness'.


In Old Testament times, this righteous remnant was singled out for special service to Yahweh. In the Hebrew language, they were called the QAHAL. This word means those selected and called out from among the mass of the nation. They included the priests, both Aaronic and Levitical, and the heads of the tribes. It was their job to see that the whole nation was guided into the paths of righteousness, so clearly marked out by the prophets. When they would and could do this, the nation reached the heights of civilization and prosperity.



We find this 'Qahal' of Israel first in Egypt, then in the wilderness of Zin, then at Sinai where God gave them their organization, their Constitution, their Law and Ordinances; their Form of Worship and its altars and appointments; their Priests and elders; their ritual and some of their liturgy; and their financial system.

As time moves on through Tanach (O.T.) times, the Qahal of Israel moves farther and further away from the mixed multitude of the Exodus into the established worship in the Promised Land and the Temple in Jerusalem.

The original Divine Promise of a QAHAL was, of course, also prophetic of the 'QAHAL' that Messiah would establish. But, would this be a 'New Church', as Christians today imply? Many teachers claim that such a 'New' Church was born on the 'Jewish' Feast of Shavuot (Pentecost), 50 days after the Crucifixion. "God started all over again with 'Gentile' nations, having been 'let down' by His Chosen people," they claim.

It is this esteemed position of 'QAHAL ELECT', which many Christian Churches claim to be filling. But, are they truly doing so? Did the Almighty really start a 'new' Church?

The present True Congregation of the Almighty should merely be a continuation of that 'QAHAL' which had been part of God's Eternal Plan. "God is not man that He should change." He protected His 'elect', who may be traced throughout history like a golden thread, from Adam, Noah, Shem, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, 12 sons of Jacob, and their descendants, which of course are the white nations of the world. The majority of our people, of course, by their own ignorance, have been disqualified from the QAHAL because they choose to believe the lies, delusions and false doctrines of today's “churches”. Surely, the Almighty did not spend 4 000 years in preparing a nation (sons of Jacob) as His instrument, merely to discard it and start afresh with a “church”. This would imply that the Almighty is unsuccessful in achieving His preordained aims!


-Qahal, strictly speaking, denotes an entire multitude of some people united by the bonds of society and making up a republic or a certain state, while the word 'edah, from the nature and force of its emphasis, speaks of only any assembly and gathering of people, whether small or large.
-Synagoge, as also 'edah, always signifies an assembly joined and gathered together, although bound by no strong bond; but the ekklesia [qahal] designates some multitude which makes up a people joined together by laws and bonds, although frequently they may happen not to be assembled or are not able to be assembled.


-In the Septuagint version, qahal is generally translated by the Greek word ekklesia. Anciently, ekklesia meant "an assembly of the citizens summoned by the crier, the legislative assembly." The town crier would "call out" the voting citizens to their duties in the assembly, hence the name.


Let's examine all the verses containing edah and qahal.

The EDAH seems to be the community of Israelites. Members and groups of members.

This also includes the use of the words: family, crowd, assembly, congregation, multitude, people, gathering, and swarm.

The QAHAL seems to be the assembly, a gathering together, a meeting, a summons of those within the community. An organized body.

This also includes the use of the words: multitude (of people), company (of nations), whole assembly.

It also means convocation, or summons.

In addition, in the context, it can also be an assembly for evil counsel (Gen 49:6), war or invasion.

When we think of the body of Christ, this would be the family of the race of Adam. The Israelites being the administrative government, the city on the hill, the light of the society.

We (children of Jacob) are each members of this body, we share a common blood and Spirit (DNA). Each member has their own purpose.

The EDAH would be the members. The QAHAL would be the body.

Romans 12:4  For as we have many members in one body, and all members have not the same office:

12:5  So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.

12:6  Having then gifts differing according to the grace (favor) that is given to us, whether  (interpretation of) prophecy, let us prophesy (interpret) according to the proportion of faith;

1Corinthians 6:15  Know ye not that your bodies are the members of Christ? shall I then take the members of Christ, and make them the members of an harlot? God forbid.

6:16  What? know ye not that he which is joined to an harlot is one body? for two, saith He, shall be one flesh.

If you join with evil, you become one with evil.

1Corinthians 12:4  Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.

Paul is saying that every Israelite has different gifts, but the same Spirit. (DNA)

12:5  And there are differences (diversities) of administrations (services), but the same Prince.

12:6  And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.

12:7  But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.

12:8  For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

12:9  To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;

12:10  To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy (interpreter of prophecy); to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues (languages); to another the interpretation of tongues (languages):

12:11  But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as He will.

12:12  For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.

The last 'is' is italicized. It was added by the translators. They also did not translate Christ correctly.

The context is referring to the people, the Anointed group. The last part of verse 12 should read, 'so also the Anointed.' The Anointed children of Jacob.

12:13  For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Judaeans or Greeks, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

12:14  For the body is not one member, but many.

12:15  If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?

12:16  And if the ear shall say, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?

12:17  If the whole body were an eye, where were the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where were the smelling?

12:18  But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased Him.

12:19  And if they were all one member, where were the body?

12:20  But now are they many members, yet but one body.

12:21  And the eye cannot say unto the hand, I have no need of thee: nor again the head to the feet, I have no need of you.

12:22  Nay, much more those members of the body, which seem to be more feeble (without strength), are necessary:

12:23  And those members of the body, which we think to be less honourable, upon these we bestow more abundant honour; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness.

12:24  For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked:

12:25  That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another.

12:26  And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it.

12:27  Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.

The Greek: 27 So then, you are an anointed body, and members by destiny.

Paul is preaching that the Judaean Israelites and the dispersed Nations of Israel are of one body. Each Israelite individual is a specific part, and has their part. Each is important to the whole. We are to unite as a group, a body, and care for each other as part of the group or body.

The last time we did this was when the regathering place of the sons of Jacob founded this white Christian nation of America.  (2Sa 7:10)

Ephesians 4:25  Wherefore putting away lying, speak every man truth with his neighbour (of kin): for we are members one of another.

Ephesians 5:30  For we are members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones.

Literally of His DNA, race, family, Spirit. Not by “just believing”.

Colossians 3:5  Mortify (make dead) therefore your members which are upon the earth; fornication, uncleanness, inordinate affection, evil concupiscence (desire), and covetousness, which is idolatry:

James 3:5  Even so the tongue is a little member, and boasteth great things. Behold, how great a matter a little fire kindleth!

So we can see the connection demonstrated in the above references and will see in the verses below that the EDAH is most easily understood as the members, the community, the people.

The QAHAL can be understood as the body. The obedient body.


Genesis 21:30  And he (Abraham) said, For these seven ewe lambs shalt you (Abimelech) take of my hand, that they may be a witness (H5713-edah- testimony, witness) unto me, that I have digged this well.

There are 2 uses of EDAH.

This use of 'edah' is that of a testimony, evidence, a witness. A record.

H5713 is used in a technical sense.

H5712 is used in the original sense of fixture. Meaning position. The children of Israel are a fixture. A people chosen by Yahweh with a purpose and destiny, binded by promises and covenants. Witnesses that Yahweh is God.


Genesis 28:3  And God Almighty bless you, and make you fruitful, and multiply you, that you mayest be a multitude (H6951-qahal-body) of people;

First use of qahal. Jacob is the father of the qahal. Jacob's children are the anointed seed.

Septuagint 28:3  And may my God bless you, and increase you, and multiply you, and you shalt become gatherings of nations.

The nations of Israel of course. One body, with Christ as the head.


Genesis 31:52  This heap be witness, and this pillar be witness (H5713-edah- testimony, witness), that I will not pass over this heap to you (Jacob), and that you shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar unto me (Laban), for harm.

The technical sense, a record, a testimony.


Genesis 35:11  And God said unto him (Jacob), I am God Almighty: be fruitful and multiply; a nation and a company (H6951-qahal) of nations shall be of you, and kings shall come out of your loins;

Nations of Israel. An assembly of kinsman. A body of Israelites.


Genesis 48:4  And said unto me, Behold, I will make you fruitful, and multiply you, and I will make of you a multitude (H6951-qahal) of people; and will give this land to your seed after you for an everlasting possession.

Nations, assembly, body of Israel.


Genesis 49:6  (Jacob saying) O my soul, come not you into their secret; unto their assembly (H6951-qahal), mine honour, be not you united: for in their (Simeon, Levi) anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall.

Septuagint 49:6  Let not my soul come into their counsel, and let not mine inward parts contend in their conspiracy, for in their wrath they slew men, and in their passion they houghed a bull.

In verse 6, the context defines 'qahal' with counsel of war. Revenge.

Simeon and Levi took vengeance for the rape of Dinah, without Jacob's consent.

Psalm 26:9  Gather not my soul with sinners, nor my life with bloody men:

Ephesians 5:11  And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them.


Exodus 12:3  Speak ye unto all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

First use of 'edah' for the congregation of Israel.

From here we can see that the use of the word 'community' or 'multitude' best defines 'edah'.

Keep in mind, during the Exodus, they were a multitude. When they reached the Promised Land, they became a community. The instructions they received in the wilderness were to be followed and observed when they entered the Promised Land.


Exodus 12:6  And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly (H6951-qahal) of the congregation (H5712-edah) of Israel shall kill it in the evening.

The whole body of Israel is summoned (qahal) for the gathering of the members (edah) of Israel for the Passover and feasts.


Exodus 12:19  Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation (H5712-edah- community) of Israel, whether he be a stranger (sojourning kinsman), or born in the land.

Cut off from the social gathering of Israel. Being an Israelite is practicing your heritage.

Part of our heritage is keeping the Sabbath and the feasts (of unleavened bread, tabernacles, and day of atonement). And NOT Halloween, Christmas and Easter, which are pagan holidays!


Exodus 12:47  All the congregation (H5712-edah- community) of Israel shall keep it (Passover).

Septuagint 12:47  All the congregation of the children of Israel shall keep it.


Exodus 16:1  And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.

Exodus 16:2  And the whole congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

Exodus 16:3  And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of Yahweh in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly (H6951-qahal- body, group) with hunger.

Exodus 16:9  And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel, Come near before Yahweh: for He hath heard your murmurings.

Exodus 16:10  And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of Yahweh appeared in the cloud.

Exodus 16:22  And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation (H5712-edah- people, multitude) came and told Moses.


Exodus 17:1  And all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of Yahweh, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink.


Exodus 32:1  And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together (verb H6950-qahal) unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.

Qahal used as a verb. The Septuagint has '...the people combined against Aaron,...'.

First use of qahal as a verb. Here, a gathering, an assembling, for evil.


Exodus 34:31  And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation (H5712-edah- people, multitude) returned unto him: and Moses talked with them.

The Septuagint has 'rulers of the synagogue...'.

This is interesting because 'synagogue' is the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew 'edah'. Later in the NT verses, we will see that the synagogues were nothing more than denominations of The Word of God. And not spoken of in a good way by Christ. Man created the denominations.


Exodus 35:1  And Moses gathered (verb H6950-qahal- summoned) all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These are the words which Yahweh hath commanded, that ye should do them.

Exodus 35:4  And Moses spake unto all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which Yahweh commanded, saying,

Exodus 35:20  And all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel departed from the presence of Moses.


Exodus 38:25  And the silver of them that were numbered of the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) was an hundred talents, and a thousand seven hundred and threescore and fifteen shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary:


The book of Leviticus deals with the further training of the chosen nation of Israel.

They are still in the wilderness, receiving instructions. The Israelites are still a 'multitude' of people being trained for their eventual organization into a 'community' when they enter the Promised Land.

Leviticus 4:13  And if the whole congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, community) of Israel sin through ignorance, and the thing be hid from the eyes (escapes the notice) of the assembly (H6951-qahal- organized body), and they have done somewhat against any of the commandments of Yahweh concerning things which should not be done, and are guilty;

Leviticus 4:14  When the sin, which they have sinned against it, is known, then the congregation (H6951-qahal- organized body) shall offer a young bullock for the sin, and bring him before the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-appointed time, place, or meeting).

Septuagint has 'tabernacle of witness.' The 'tent of meeting'.

Leviticus 4:15  And the elders of the congregation (H5712-edah- community, multitude) shall lay their hands upon the head of the bullock before Yahweh: and the bullock shall be killed before Yahweh.

Leviticus 4:16  And the priest that is anointed shall bring of the bullock's blood to the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-appointed time, place, or meeting):

Tabernacle of witness. The appointed place was the 'tent of meeting', the tabernacle. This was before the Temple period.

Leviticus 4:21  And he shall carry forth the bullock without the camp, and burn him as he burned the first bullock: it is a sin offering for the congregation (H6951-qahal- body).

It is also evident that the Levitical priesthood was the organized body that handled the sacrificial rituals. Those in the community (edah) were governed by the members of the priesthood (qahal), or organized body. They were summoned by Yahweh for these duties.


The 'tabernacle of the congregation' is a reference to the tent of meeting. The appointed place, the habitation of Yahweh. Before the Temple was built, the sacred tent was where the Israelites met. The Septuagint uses 'the tabernacle of witness'.

Leviticus 8:3  And gather (verb H6950-qahal- summon) you all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people) together unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-appointed time, place, or meeting, the tent of meeting).

Leviticus 8:4  And Moses did as Yahweh commanded him; and the assembly (H5712-edah -multitude, people) was gathered together (verb H6950-qahal- summoned) unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150- tent of meeting).

Leviticus 8:5  And Moses said unto the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people), This is the thing which Yahweh commanded to be done.


Leviticus 9:5  And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting): and all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people) drew near and stood before Yahweh.


Leviticus 10:6  And Moses said unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons, Uncover not your heads, neither rend your clothes; lest ye die, and lest wrath come upon all the people (H5712-edah): but let your brethren, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which Yahweh hath kindled.

Burning (H8316) indicates thorough burning, as in divine judgment.

Kindled (H8313) is destruction by fire.


Leviticus 10:17  Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin offering in the holy place, seeing it is most holy, and God hath given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation (H5712-edah- community, multitude, people), to make atonement for them before Yahweh?


Leviticus 16:5  And he shall take of the congregation (H5712-edah- community, multitude) of the children of Israel two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering.

Leviticus 16:17  And there shall be no man in the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting) when he goeth in to make an atonement in the holy place, until he come out, and have made an atonement for himself, and for his household, and for all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel.

Leviticus 16:33  And he shall make an atonement for the holy sanctuary, and he shall make an atonement for the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting), and for the altar, and he shall make an atonement for the priests, and for all the people of the congregation (H6951-qahal- body).


Leviticus 19:2  Speak unto all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel, and say unto them, Ye shall be holy (set apart, sacred): for I Yahweh your God am holy (set apart).

We are 'called out' and 'set apart' from the other races. Yahweh is 'set apart' from the other gods.


Leviticus 24:14  Bring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation (H5712-edah- community, multitude, people) stone him.

Leviticus 24:16  And he that blasphemeth the name of Yahweh, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation (H5712-edah- community, multitude, people) shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger (sojourning kinsman), as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of Yahweh, shall be put to death.


Numbers 1:2  Take ye the sum of all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, families) of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls;

Numbers 1:16  These were the renowned (famous men) of the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people), princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel.

Numbers 1:18  And they assembled (verb H6950-qahal- summoned) all the congregation (H5712-edah- families, members) together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls.

Numbers 1:53  But the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of testimony (witness), that there be no wrath upon the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, community) of the children of Israel: and the Levites shall keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony (witness).

Tabernacle of testimony is not the same as the tent of meeting.

Testimony is H5715. Witness, testimony, evidence, a recorder. The Levites had this job.


Numbers 3:7  And they (Levites) shall keep his (Aaron's) charge, and the charge of the whole congregation (H5712-edah- community) before the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting), to do the service of the tabernacle.

Aaron charges the Levites with services of the tabernacle (tent of meeting) and over the whole edah, community.


Numbers 4:34  And Moses and Aaron and the chief of the congregation (H5712-edah- community, multitude) numbered the sons of the Kohathites after their families, and after the house of their fathers,


Numbers 8:9  And you shalt bring the Levites before the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting): and you shalt gather (verb H6950-qahal- summon) the whole assembly (H5712-edah- community, multitude) of the children of Israel together:

Septuagint 8:9  And you shalt bring the Levites before the tabernacle of witness (tent of meeting); and you shalt assemble all the congregation (edah) of the sons of Israel.


Numbers 8:20  And Moses, and Aaron, and all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel, did to the Levites according unto all that Yahweh commanded Moses concerning the Levites, so did the children of Israel unto them.


Numbers 10:2  Make you two trumpets of silver; of a whole piece shalt you make them: that you mayest use them for the calling (summoning) of the assembly (H5712-edah- multitude), and for the journeying (departure) of the camps.

Numbers 10:3  And when they shall blow with them, all the assembly (H5712-edah- multitude) shall assemble themselves (gather) to you at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting).

Numbers 10:7  But when the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) is to be gathered together (verb H6950-qahal- summoned), ye shall blow, but ye shall not sound an alarm.

The priests the sons of Aaron sound the trumpets.

Certain blows of the trumpets are for assembling for departure, or for a meeting or gathering.

The gathering may also be just for the heads of the body, or multitude.


Numbers 13:26  And they (the spies) went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, members) of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, members), and shewed them the fruit of the land.


Numbers 14:1  And all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people, members) lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night.

Numbers 14:2  And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) said unto them, Would God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness!

Numbers 14:5  Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly (H6951-qahal- organized body, gathering) of the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel.

 14:6  And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of them that searched the land, rent their clothes:

Numbers 14:7  And they spake unto all the company (H5712-edah- multitude, gathering) of the children of Israel, saying, The land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land.

Numbers 14:10  But all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, gathering) bade stone them with stones. And the glory of Yahweh appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting) before all the children of Israel.

Numbers 14:27  How long shall I bear with this evil congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people, gathering), which murmur against Me? I have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel, which they murmur against Me.

Numbers 14:35  I Yahweh have said, I will surely do it unto all this evil congregation (H5712-edah- gathering), that are gathered together against Me: in this wilderness they shall be consumed, and there they shall die.

Numbers 14:36  And the men, which Moses sent to search the land, who returned, and made all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people) to murmur against him, by bringing up a slander upon the land,

 14:37  Even those men that did bring up the evil report upon the land, died by the plague before Yahweh.

We can see that there are gatherings (members) of people within the 'edah' (community) that go against the body (congregation-qahal).


Numbers 15:15  One ordinance shall be both for you of the congregation (H6951-qahal- body, whole assembly), and also for the stranger (of kin) that sojourneth with you, an ordinance for ever in your generations: as ye are, so shall the stranger (sojourning kinsman) be before Yahweh.

Numbers 15:24  Then it shall be, if ought be committed by ignorance without the knowledge of the congregation (H5712-edah- community, members), that all the congregation (H5712-edah- community, members) shall offer one young bullock for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour unto Yahweh, with his meat offering, and his drink offering, according to the manner, and one kid of the goats for a sin offering.

Numbers 15:25  And the priest shall make an atonement for all the congregation (H5712-edah- community, members) of the children of Israel, and it shall be forgiven them; for it is ignorance: and they shall bring their offering, a sacrifice made by fire unto Yahweh, and their sin offering before Yahweh, for their ignorance:

Numbers 15:26  And it shall be forgiven all the congregation (H5712-edah, community, members) of the children of Israel, and the stranger (of kin) that sojourneth among them; seeing all the people were in ignorance.

Numbers 15:33  And they that found him gathering sticks brought him unto Moses and Aaron, and unto all the congregation (H5712-edah- members, community).

Numbers 15:35  And Yahweh said unto Moses, The man shall be surely put to death: all the congregation (H5712-edah- members, multitude, people) shall stone him with stones without the camp.

Numbers 15:36  And all the congregation (H5712-edah- people) brought him without the camp, and stoned him with stones, and he died; as Yahweh commanded Moses.


Numbers 16:2  And they (Korah and his men) rose up before Moses, with certain of the children of Israel, two hundred and fifty princes of the assembly (H5712-edah- gathering, community), famous in the congregation (H4150-selected for appointed duties), men of renown:

Korah and his sons were also Levites, but they were not of the sons of Aaron. Aaron's sons were the heads of the Levites, and the only ones that could enter the holiest of holies. Korah and his sons were selected for other duties, as were other tribes of Levi.

Numbers 16:3  And they gathered themselves together (verb H6950-qahal- assembled for political/religious reasons) against Moses and against Aaron, and said unto them, Ye take too much upon you, seeing all the congregation (H5712-edah- people, members) are holy, every one of them, and Yahweh is among them: wherefore then lift ye up yourselves above the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Yahweh?

Numbers 16:5  And he (Moses) spake unto Korah and unto all his company (H5712-edah), saying, Even to morrow Yahweh will shew who are His, and who is holy (set apart); and will cause him to come near unto Him: even him whom He hath chosen will He cause to come near unto Him.

Numbers 16:6  This do; Take you censers, Korah, and all his company (H5712-edah);

 16:7  And put fire therein, and put incense in them before Yahweh to morrow: and it shall be that the man whom Yahweh doth choose, he shall be holy: you take too much upon you, you sons of Levi.

 16:8  And Moses said unto Korah, Hear, I pray you, you sons of Levi:

Numbers 16:9  Seemeth it but a small thing unto you, that the God of Israel hath separated you from the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of Israel, to bring you near to Himself to do the service of the tabernacle of Yahweh, and to stand before the congregation (H5712-edah- community, members, multitude) to minister unto them?

 16:10  And He hath brought you near to Him, and all your brethren the sons of Levi with you: and seek you the priesthood also?

Numbers 16:11  For which cause both you and all your company (H5712-edah) are gathered together against Yahweh: and what is Aaron, that ye murmur against him?

Numbers 16:16  And Moses said unto Korah, Be you and all your company (H5712-edah) before Yahweh, you, and they, and Aaron, to morrow:

 16:17  And take every man his censer, and put incense in them, and bring you before Yahweh every man his censer, two hundred and fifty censers; you also, and Aaron, each of you his censer.

 16:18  And they took every man his censer, and put fire in them, and laid incense thereon, and stood in the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting) with Moses and Aaron.

Numbers 16:19  And Korah gathered (verb H6950-qahal- summoned, gathered) all the congregation (H5712-edah- company, people) against them unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting): and the glory of Yahweh appeared unto all the congregation (H5712-edah- people, multitude, company).

 16:20  And Yahweh spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,

Numbers 16:21  Separate yourselves from among this congregation (H5712-edah- company, people), that I may consume them in a moment.

Numbers 16:22  And they fell upon their faces, and said, O God, the God of the spirits of all flesh, shall one man sin, and wilt you be wroth with all the congregation (H5712-edah- members, multitude)?

 16:23  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

Numbers 16:24  Speak unto the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude), saying, Get you up from about the tabernacle of Korah, Dathan, and Abiram.

 16:25  And Moses rose up and went unto Dathan and Abiram; and the elders of Israel followed him.

Numbers 16:26  And he spake unto the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people, members), saying, Depart, I pray you, from the tents of these wicked men, and touch nothing of theirs, lest ye be consumed in all their sins.

 16:32  And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their houses, and all the men that appertained unto Korah, and all their goods.

Numbers 16:33  They, and all that appertained to them, went down alive into the pit, and the earth closed upon them: and they perished from among the congregation (H6951-qahal- body).

 16:39  And Eleazar the priest took the brasen censers, wherewith they that were burnt had offered; and they were made broad plates for a covering of the altar:

Numbers 16:40  To be a memorial unto the children of Israel, that no stranger (zur-not of family lineage, that being...), which is not of the seed of Aaron, come near to offer incense before Yahweh; that he be not as Korah, and as his company (H5712-edah): as Yahweh said to him by the hand of Moses.

Numbers 16:41  But on the morrow all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron, saying, Ye have killed the people of Yahweh.

Numbers 16:42  And it came to pass, when the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) was gathered (verb H6950-qahal- assembled) against Moses and against Aaron, that they looked toward the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting): and, behold, the cloud covered it, and the glory of Yahweh appeared.

 16:43  And Moses and Aaron came before the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting).

 16:44  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

Numbers 16:45  Get you up from among this congregation (H5712-edah- people, company, multitude), that I may consume them as in a moment. And they fell upon their faces.

Numbers 16:46  And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a censer, and put fire therein from off the altar, and put on incense, and go quickly unto the congregation (H5712-edah- people, multitude), and make an atonement for them: for there is wrath gone out from Yahweh; the plague is begun.

Numbers 16:47  And Aaron took as Moses commanded, and ran into the midst of the congregation (H6951-qahal- body, assembly); and, behold, the plague was begun among the people: and he put on incense, and made an atonement for the people.

 16:48  And he stood between the dead and the living; and the plague was stayed.

Wisdom 18:20-25

20  Yea, the tasting of death touched the righteous also, and there was a destruction of the multitude in the wilderness: but the wrath endured not long.

21  For then the blameless man made haste, and stood forth to defend them; and bringing the shield of his proper ministry, even prayer, and the propitiation of incense, set himself against the wrath, and so brought the calamity to an end, declaring that he was your servant.

22  So he overcame the destroyer, not with strength of body, nor force of arms, but with a word subdued him that punished, alleging the oaths and covenants made with the fathers.

23  For when the dead were now fallen down by heaps one upon another, standing between, he stayed the wrath, and parted the way to the living.

24  For in the long garment was the whole world, and in the four rows of the stones was the glory of the fathers graven, and your Majesty upon the diadem of his head.

25  Unto these the destroyer gave place, and was afraid of them: for it was enough that they only tasted of the wrath.


Numbers 19:9  And a man that is clean shall gather up the ashes of the heifer, and lay them up without the camp in a clean place, and it shall be kept for the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel for a water of separation: it is a purification for sin.

Numbers 19:20  But the man that shall be unclean, and shall not purify himself, that soul shall be cut off from among the congregation (H6951-qahal- body), because he hath defiled the sanctuary of Yahweh: the water of separation hath not been sprinkled upon him; he is unclean.


Numbers 20:1  Then came the children of Israel, even the whole congregation (H5712-edah- multitude), into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there.

Numbers 20:2  And there was no water for the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people): and they gathered themselves together (verb H6950-qahal- assembled) against Moses and against Aaron.

 20:3  And the people chode with Moses, and spake, saying, Would God that we had died when our brethren died before Yahweh!

Numbers 20:4  And why have ye brought up the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Yahweh into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there?

 20:5  And wherefore have you made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.

Numbers 20:6  And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly (H6951-qahal- body) unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting), and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of Yahweh appeared unto them.

 20:7  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

Numbers 20:8  Take the rod, and gather you the assembly together (verb H6950 qahal- gather, summon H853-together- H5712-edah- the multitude), you, and Aaron your brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and you shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so you shalt give the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people) and their beasts drink.

 20:9  And Moses took the rod from before Yahweh, as He commanded him.

Numbers 20:10  And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation (verb H6950-qahal- summoned H853-together- H6951-qahal- the body, the multitude) together before the rock, and he said unto them, Hear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?

Numbers 20:11  And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people) drank, and their beasts also.

Numbers 20:12  And Yahweh spake unto Moses and Aaron, Because ye believed Me not, to sanctify Me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation (H6951-qahal- body, multitude) into the land which I have given them.

 20:13  This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with Yahweh, and He was sanctified in them.

Exodus 17:7  And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted Yahweh, saying, Is Yahweh among us, or not?

Moses and Aaron disobeyed at the rock. Clear instructions to SPEAK to the rock, in the name of Yahweh, thereby giving Him the glory for the water.

Numbers 20:22  And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation (H5712-edah- multitude), journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor.

 20:23  And Yahweh spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying,

 20:24  Aaron shall be gathered unto his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because you rebelled against My word at the water of Meribah.

 20:25  Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up unto mount Hor:

 20:26  And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son: and Aaron shall be gathered unto his people, and shall die there.

Numbers 20:27  And Moses did as Yahweh commanded: and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude).

 20:28  And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died there in the top of the mount: and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount.

Numbers 20:29  And when all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all the house of Israel.


Numbers 22:4  And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, Now shall this company (H6951-qahal- whole body, assembly) lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field. And Balak the son of Zippor was king of the Moabites at that time.


Numbers 25:6  And, behold, one of the children of Israel came and brought unto his brethren a Midianitish woman in the sight of Moses, and in the sight of all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, assembly) of the children of Israel, who were weeping before the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting).

Numbers 25:7  And when Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron the priest, saw it, he rose up from among the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, assembly, people), and took a javelin in his hand;

 25:8  And he went after the man of Israel into the tent, and thrust both of them through, the man of Israel, and the woman through her belly. So the plague was stayed from the children of Israel.


Numbers 26:2  Take the sum of all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, members) of the children of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, throughout their fathers' house, all that are able to go to war in Israel.

Numbers 26:9  And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. This is that Dathan and Abiram, which were famous in the congregation (H5712-edah- community, among the members), who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company (H5712-edah) of Korah, when they strove against Yahweh:

Numbers 26:10  And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company (H5712-edah) died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they became a sign.

We can see that the 'edah' can also be a rebellious group or gathering within the community.


Numbers 27:2  And they (the daughters of Zelophehad) stood before Moses, and before Eleazar the priest, and before the princes and all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people), by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting), saying,

Numbers 27:3  Our father died in the wilderness, and he was not in the company (H5712-edah) of them that gathered themselves together against Yahweh in the company (H5712-edah) of Korah; but died in his own sin, and had no sons.


Numbers 27:14  For ye (Moses) rebelled against My commandment in the desert of Zin, in the strife of the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude), to sanctify Me at the water before their eyes: that is the water of Meribah in Kadesh in the wilderness of Zin.

 27:15  And Moses spake unto Yahweh, saying,

Numbers 27:16  Let Yahweh, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation (H5712-edah- members, multitude, people),

Numbers 27:17  Which may go out before them, and which may go in before them, and which may lead them out, and which may bring them in; that the congregation (H5712-edah- members) of Yahweh be not as sheep which have no shepherd.

 27:18  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Take you Joshua the son of Nun, a man in whom is the spirit, and lay your hand upon him;

Numbers 27:19  And set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation (H5712-edah- members, multitude, people); and give him a charge in their sight.

Numbers 27:20  And you shalt put some of your honour upon him, that all the congregation (H5712-edah- members) of the children of Israel may be obedient.

Numbers 27:21  And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before Yahweh: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation (H5712-edah- members).

Numbers 27:22  And Moses did as Yahweh commanded him: and he took Joshua, and set him before Eleazar the priest, and before all the congregation (H5712-edah- members, people, multitude):

 27:23  And he laid his hands upon him, and gave him a charge, as Yahweh commanded by the hand of Moses.


Numbers 31:12  And they brought the captives, and the prey, and the spoil, unto Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and unto the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of the children of Israel, unto the camp at the plains of Moab, which are by Jordan near Jericho.

Numbers 31:13  And Moses, and Eleazar the priest, and all the princes of the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude), went forth to meet them without the camp.

 31:14  And Moses was wroth with the officers of the host, with the captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, which came from the battle.

 31:15  And Moses said unto them, Have you saved all the women alive?

Numbers 31:16  Behold, these caused the children of Israel, through the counsel of Balaam, to commit trespass against Yahweh in the matter of Peor, and there was a plague among the congregation (H5712-edah- members, people) of Yahweh.


Numbers 31:25  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

Numbers 31:26  Take the sum of the prey that was taken, both of man and of beast, you, and Eleazar the priest, and the chief fathers of the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people):

Numbers 31:27  And divide the prey into two parts; between them that took the war upon them, who went out to battle, and between all the congregation (H5712-edah- members, multitude, people):

Numbers 31:43  (Now the half that pertained unto the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) was three hundred thousand and thirty thousand and seven thousand and five hundred sheep,


Numbers 32:2  The children of Gad and the children of Reuben came and spake unto Moses, and to Eleazar the priest, and unto the princes of the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, people), saying,

Numbers 32:4  Even the country which Yahweh smote before the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of Israel, is a land for cattle, and your servants have cattle:


Numbers 35:12  And they shall be unto you cities for refuge from the avenger; that the manslayer die not, until he stand before the congregation (H5712-edah- community, members) in judgment.

Numbers 35:24  Then the congregation (H5712-edah- members) shall judge between the slayer and the revenger of blood according to these judgments:

Numbers 35:25  And the congregation (H5712-edah- community, people) shall deliver the slayer out of the hand of the revenger of blood, and the congregation (H5712-edah- community, people) shall restore him to the city of his refuge, whither he was fled: and he shall abide in it unto the death of the high priest, which was anointed with the holy oil.


Deuteronomy 4:10  Specially the day that you stoodest before Yahweh your God in Horeb, when Yahweh said unto me, Gather Me the people together (verb H6950-qahal- summon them), and I will make them hear My words, that they may learn to fear Me all the days that they shall live upon the earth, and that they may teach their children.

Deuteronomy 4:45  These are the testimonies (H5713-edah- witnesses, declarations), and the statutes, and the judgments, which Moses spake unto the children of Israel, after they came forth out of Egypt,

The technical use of edah. The divine laws and testimonies.


Deuteronomy 5:22  These words Yahweh spake unto all your assembly (H6951-qahal- the whole body) in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and He added no more. And He wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.


Deuteronomy 6:17  Ye shall diligently keep the commandments of Yahweh your God, and His testimonies (H5713-declarations), and his statutes, which He hath commanded you.

Deuteronomy 6:20  And when your son asketh you in time to come, saying, What mean the testimonies (H5713-declarations), and the statutes, and the judgments, which Yahweh our God hath commanded you?

The technical use of 'edah'. The testimonies (H5713) are the laws as divine testimonies. Witnesses. Follow them and and witness the blessings that come from them.


Deuteronomy 9:10  And Yahweh delivered unto me two tables of stone written with the finger of God; and on them was written according to all the words, which Yahweh spake with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly (H6951-qahal- gathered body).


Deuteronomy 10:4  And He wrote on the tables, according to the first writing, the ten commandments, which Yahweh spake unto you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly (H6951-qahal- gathered body): and Yahweh gave them unto me.


Deuteronomy 18:16  According to all that you desiredst of Yahweh your God in Horeb in the day of the assembly (H6951-qahal- gathered body), saying, Let me not hear again the voice of Yahweh my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not.


Deuteronomy 23:1  He that is wounded in the stones, or hath his privy member cut off, shall not enter into the congregation (H6951-qahal- gathered body) of Yahweh.

Septuagint: 1  He that is fractured or mutilated in his private parts shall not enter into the assembly of Yahweh.

Deuteronomy 23:2  A bastard shall not enter into the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Yahweh; even to his tenth generation shall he not enter into the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Yahweh.

A bastard is mamzer in Hebrew. A mongrel, a mixed race person. The “churches” are full of them.

Deuteronomy 23:3  An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Yahweh; even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Yahweh for ever:

The Ammonites and Moabites were descendants of incest between Lot and his daughters.

Deuteronomy 23:8  The children that are begotten of them (Egyptians) shall enter into the congregation (H6951-qahal- gathered body) of Yahweh in their third generation.

Egyptians are Hamites.

In verse 7, Edomite is a scribal error, which should read Aramite, a son of Shem. Yahweh wants  those Hamites and other Adamic brethren to be conformed to His laws for a few generations. These nations were pagan, and it takes a few generations to purge idolatry. Hence the 40 years of purging the people and training in the wilderness.


Deuteronomy 31:12  Gather the people together (verb H6950-qahal- summon H853-together H5971-the nation), men, and women, and children, and your stranger (sojourning kin) that is within your gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear Yahweh your God, and observe to do all the words of this law:

Deuteronomy 31:28  Gather (verb H6950-qahal- summon) unto me all the elders of your tribes, and your officers, that I may speak these words in their ears, and call heaven and earth to record (call as witness) against them.

Deuteronomy 31:30  And Moses spake in the ears of all the congregation (H6951-qahal- whole body) of Israel the words of this song, until they were ended.


Deuteronomy 33:4  Moses commanded us a law, even the inheritance of the congregation of Jacob.

Septuagint 33:4  the law which Moses charged us, an inheritance to the assemblies of Jacob.

Here is the first use of the word QEHILLAH. The children of Israel are the Qehillah, which is the root of Qahal. The congregation or assemblies of Jacob Israel. The people.

ECCLESIA is the Greek word for QAHAL. The KJV incorrectly translates ECCLESIA as “church”, which is a whole different word and meaning, and will be demonstrated in the NT verses. The ECCLESIA can be only those of the descendants of Jacob, who are the 'called-out'.


The children of Israel are still a 'multitude', but as they settle into the Promised Land, they become a 'community'.

Now we will start to see how the word 'community' best describes the 'edah'. The community consists of members, members of the body (qahal).

Joshua 8:35  There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation (H6951-qahal- whole body) of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers (sojourning kin) that were conversant among them.


Joshua 9:15  And Joshua made peace with them (the Gibeonites), and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation (H5712-edah- community) sware unto them.

Joshua 9:18  And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation (H5712-edah- community) had sworn unto them by Yahweh God of Israel. And all the congregation (H5712-edah- community, multitude) murmured against the princes.

Joshua 9:19  But all the princes said unto all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude), We have sworn unto them by Yahweh God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them.

Joshua 9:21  And the princes said unto them, Let them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude); as the princes had promised them.

Joshua 9:27  And Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation (H5712-edah- community), and for the altar of Yahweh, even unto this day, in the place which He should choose.

The Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites. The Amorites were offspring of the fallen angels and Canaan's incestual descendants. The Gibeonites deceived the Israelites, and because Israel swore to them by Yahweh, they could not break their oath.


Joshua 18:1  And the whole congregation (H5712-edah- community) of the children of Israel assembled together (verb H6950-qahal- gathered) at Shiloh, and set up the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting) there. And the land was subdued before them.


Joshua 20:6  And he (accidental slayer) shall dwell in that city, until he stand before the congregation (H5712-edah- community, members) for judgment, and until the death of the high priest that shall be in those days: then shall the slayer return, and come unto his own city, and unto his own house, unto the city from whence he fled.

Joshua 20:9  These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger (kinsman) that sojourneth among them, that whosoever killeth any person at unawares might flee thither, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation (H5712-edah- community).


Joshua 22:12  And when the children of Israel heard of it, the whole congregation (H5712-edah- community) of the children of Israel gathered themselves together (verb H6950-qahal- assembled) at Shiloh, to go up to war against them.

Joshua 22:16  Thus saith the whole congregation (H5712-edah- community) of Yahweh, What trespass is this that ye have committed against the God of Israel, to turn away this day from following Yahweh, in that ye have builded you an altar, that ye might rebel this day against Yahweh?

Joshua 22:17  Is the iniquity of Peor too little for us, from which we are not cleansed until this day, although there was a plague in the congregation (H5712-edah- members, people) of Yahweh,

Joshua 22:18  But that ye must turn away this day from following Yahweh? and it will be, seeing ye rebel to day against Yahweh, that to morrow He will be wroth with the whole congregation (H5712-edah- community) of Israel.

Joshua 22:20  Did not Achan the son of Zerah commit a trespass in the accursed thing, and wrath fell on all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of Israel? and that man perished not alone in his iniquity.

Joshua 22:30  And when Phinehas the priest, and the princes of the congregation (H5712-edah- community) and heads of the thousands of Israel which were with him, heard the words that the children of Reuben and the children of Gad and the children of Manasseh spake, it pleased them.


Joshua 24:27  And Joshua said unto all the people, Behold, this stone shall be a witness (H5713-testimony) unto us; for it hath heard all the words of Yahweh which He spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness (H5713-testimony) unto you, lest ye deny your God.

Technical use of edah.


Judges 14:8  And after a time he returned to take her, and he turned aside to see the carcase of the lion: and, behold, there was a swarm (H5712-edah) of bees and honey in the carcase of the lion.

The only time the word 'swarm' is used for 'edah'. The bees were a multitude, an assembly, a gathering.


Judges 20:1  Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation (H5712-edah- community, members) was gathered together (verb H6950-qahal- assembled) as one man, from Dan even to Beersheba, with the land of Gilead, unto Yahweh in Mizpeh.

Judges 20:2  And the chief of all the people, even of all the tribes of Israel, presented themselves in the assembly (H6951-qahal- assembled body) of the people of God, four hundred thousand footmen that drew sword.

Assembled for war. A body of soldiers.


Judges 21:5  And the children of Israel said, Who is there among all the tribes of Israel that came not up with the congregation (H6951-qahal- body, assembly for war) unto Yahweh? For they had made a great oath concerning him that came not up to Yahweh to Mizpeh, saying, He shall surely be put to death.

Judges 21:8  And they said, What one is there of the tribes of Israel that came not up to Mizpeh to Yahweh? And, behold, there came none to the camp from Jabeshgilead to the assembly (H6951-qahal- body, assembly for war).

Judges 21:10  And the congregation (H5712-edah- community) sent thither twelve thousand men of the valiantest, and commanded them, saying, Go and smite the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead with the edge of the sword, with the women and the children.

Judges 21:13  And the whole congregation (H5712-edah- community) sent some to speak to the children of Benjamin that were in the rock Rimmon, and to call peaceably unto them.

Judges 21:16  Then the elders of the congregation (H5712-edah- community) said, How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing the women are destroyed out of Benjamin?


The Israelites are now settled in their land and have become a community of members.

Samuel, Kings and Chronicles use QAHAL when describing the assembly, the called out body, with the exception of 1Kings 8:5,12:20 which uses EDAH because it is the assembled members of the body. These books of the Kings show that the gathered, obedient assembly of the members of the community (EDAH) make up the QAHAL (body).

1Samuel 17:47  And all this assembly (H6951-qahal- body, multitude) shall know that Yahweh saveth not with sword and spear: for the battle is Yahweh's, and He will give you into our hands.


1Kings 8:1  Then Solomon assembled (verb H6950-qahal- summoned) the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto king Solomon in Jerusalem, that they might bring up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh out of the city of David, which is Zion.

1Kings 8:2  And all the men of Israel assembled themselves (verb H6950-qahal- gathered) unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month.

1Kings 8:5  And king Solomon, and all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude) of Israel, that were assembled unto him, were with him before the ark, sacrificing sheep and oxen, that could not be told nor numbered for multitude.

1Kings 8:14  And the king turned his face about, and blessed all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body, multitude) of Israel: (and all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel stood;)

1Kings 8:22  And Solomon stood before the altar of Yahweh in the presence of all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven:

1Kings 8:55  And he stood, and blessed all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel with a loud voice, saying,

1Kings 8:65  And at that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great congregation (H6951-qahal- gathered body), from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt, before Yahweh our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days.


1Kings 12:3  That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying,

1Kings 12:20  And it came to pass, when all Israel heard that Jeroboam was come again, that they sent and called him unto the congregation (H5712-edah- community), and made him king over all Israel: there was none that followed the house of David, but the tribe of Judah only.

1Kings 12:21  And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he assembled (verb H6950-qahal- summoned, gathered) all the house of Judah, with the tribe of Benjamin, an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against the house of Israel, to bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam the son of Solomon.


1Chronicles 13:2  And David said unto all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel, If it seem good unto you, and that it be of Yahweh our God, let us send abroad unto our brethren every where, that are left in all the land of Israel, and with them also to the priests and Levites which are in their cities and suburbs, that they may gather themselves unto us:

1Chronicles 13:4  And all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) said that they would do so: for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people.

1Chronicles 13:5  So David gathered (verb H6950-qahal- summoned) all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjathjearim.


1Chronicles 15:3  And David gathered (verb H6950-qahal- summoned) all Israel together to Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of Yahweh unto his place, which he had prepared for it.


1Chronicles 28:1  And David assembled (verb H6950-qahal- summoned) all the princes of Israel, the princes of the tribes, and the captains of the companies that ministered to the king by course, and the captains over the thousands, and captains over the hundreds, and the stewards over all the substance and possession of the king, and of his sons, with the officers, and with the mighty men, and with all the valiant men, unto Jerusalem.

1Chronicles 28:8  Now therefore in the sight of all Israel the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Yahweh, and in the audience of our God, keep and seek for all the commandments of Yahweh your God: that ye may possess this good land, and leave it for an inheritance for your children after you for ever.


1Chronicles 29:1  Furthermore David the king said unto all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body), Solomon my son, whom alone God hath chosen, is yet young and tender, and the work is great: for the palace is not for man, but for Yahweh God.

1Chronicles 29:10  Wherefore David blessed Yahweh before all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body): and David said, Blessed be you, Yahweh God of Israel our father, for ever and ever.

1Chronicles 29:20  And David said to all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body), Now bless Yahweh your God. And all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) blessed Yahweh God of their fathers, and bowed down their heads, and worshipped Yahweh, and the king.


2Chronicles 1:3  So Solomon, and all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) with him, went to the high place that was at Gibeon; for there was the tabernacle of the congregation (H4150-tent of meeting) of God, which Moses the servant of Yahweh had made in the wilderness.

2Chronicles 1:5  Moreover the brasen altar, that Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, had made, he put before the tabernacle of Yahweh: and Solomon and the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) sought unto it.


2Chronicles 5:2  Then Solomon assembled (verb H6950-qahal- summoned) the elders of Israel, and all the heads of the tribes, the chief of the fathers of the children of Israel, unto Jerusalem, to bring up the ark of the covenant of Yahweh out of the city of David, which is Zion.

2Chronicles 5:3  Wherefore all the men of Israel assembled themselves (verb H6950-qahal- gathered) unto the king in the feast which was in the seventh month.

2Chronicles 5:6  Also king Solomon, and all the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, community, members) of Israel that were assembled unto him before the ark, sacrificed sheep and oxen, which could not be told nor numbered for multitude.


2Chronicles 6:3  And the king turned his face, and blessed the whole congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel: and all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel stood.

2Chronicles 6:12  And he stood before the altar of Yahweh in the presence of all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel, and spread forth his hands:

2Chronicles 6:13  For Solomon had made a brasen scaffold, of five cubits long, and five cubits broad, and three cubits high, and had set it in the midst of the court: and upon it he stood, and kneeled down upon his knees before all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven,


2Chronicles 7:8  Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation (H6951-qahal- body), from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt.


2Chronicles 11:1  And when Rehoboam was come to Jerusalem, he gathered (verb H6950-qahal- summoned) of the house of Judah and Benjamin an hundred and fourscore thousand chosen men, which were warriors, to fight against Israel, that he might bring the kingdom again to Rehoboam.


2Chronicles 20:5  And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of Yahweh, before the new court,

2Chronicles 20:14  Then upon Jahaziel the son of Zechariah, the son of Benaiah, the son of Jeiel, the son of Mattaniah, a Levite of the sons of Asaph, came the Spirit of Yahweh in the midst of the congregation (H6951-qahal- body);

2Chronicles 20:26  And on the fourth day they assembled themselves (verb H6950-qahal- gathered) in the valley of Berachah; for there they blessed Yahweh: therefore the name of the same place was called, The valley of Berachah, unto this day.


2Chronicles 23:3  And all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) made a covenant with the king in the house of God. And he said unto them, Behold, the king's son shall reign, as Yahweh hath said of the sons of David.


2Chronicles 24:6  And the king called for Jehoiada the chief, and said unto him, Why hast you not required of the Levites to bring in out of Judah and out of Jerusalem the collection, according to the commandment of Moses the servant of Yahweh, and of the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Israel, for the tabernacle of witness?


2Chronicles 28:14  So the armed men left the captives and the spoil before the princes and all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body).


2Chronicles 29:23  And they brought forth the he goats for the sin offering before the king and the congregation (H6951-qahal- body); and they laid their hands upon them:

2Chronicles 29:28  And all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) worshipped, and the singers sang, and the trumpeters sounded: and all this continued until the burnt offering was finished.

2Chronicles 29:31  Then Hezekiah answered and said, Now ye have consecrated yourselves unto Yahweh, come near and bring sacrifices and thank offerings into the house of Yahweh. And the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) brought in sacrifices and thank offerings; and as many as were of a free heart burnt offerings.

2Chronicles 29:32  And the number of the burnt offerings, which the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) brought, was threescore and ten bullocks, an hundred rams, and two hundred lambs: all these were for a burnt offering to Yahweh.

2Chronicles 30:2  For the king had taken counsel, and his princes, and all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) in Jerusalem, to keep the passover in the second month.

2Chronicles 30:4  And the thing pleased the king and all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body).

2Chronicles 30:13  And there assembled at Jerusalem much people to keep the feast of unleavened bread in the second month, a very great congregation (H6951-qahal- body).

2Chronicles 30:17  For there were many in the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) that were not sanctified: therefore the Levites had the charge of the killing of the passovers for every one that was not clean, to sanctify them unto Yahweh.

2Chronicles 30:23  And the whole assembly (H6951-qahal) took counsel to keep other seven days: and they kept other seven days with gladness.

2Chronicles 30:24  For Hezekiah king of Judah did give to the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) a thousand bullocks and seven thousand sheep; and the princes gave to the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) a thousand bullocks and ten thousand sheep: and a great number of priests sanctified themselves.

2Chronicles 30:25  And all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Judah, with the priests and the Levites, and all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) that came out of Israel, and the strangers (sojourning kin) that came out of the land of Israel, and that dwelt in Judah, rejoiced.


2Chronicles 31:18  And to the genealogy of all their little ones, their wives, and their sons, and their daughters, through all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body): for in their set office they sanctified themselves in holiness:

So from the above books of the Kings and Chronicles, the QAHAL is the called out body of the community. When members of the community gather to worship Yahweh, observe feast days, or make decisions regarding the community, the word QAHAL is used. The EDAH are the members of the community.


Ezra 2:64  The whole congregation (H6951-qahal- body) together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,


Ezra 10:1  Now when Ezra had prayed, and when he had confessed, weeping and casting himself down before the house of God, there assembled unto him out of Israel a very great congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of men and women and children: for the people wept very sore.

Ezra 10:8  And that whosoever would not come within three days, according to the counsel of the princes and the elders, all his substance should be forfeited, and himself separated from the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of those that had been carried away.

Ezra 10:12  Then all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) answered and said with a loud voice, As you hast said, so must we do.

Ezra 10:14  Let now our rulers of all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) stand, and let all them which have taken strange wives in our cities come at appointed times, and with them the elders of every city, and the judges thereof, until the fierce wrath of our God for this matter be turned from us.

Ezra uses only QAHAL. When these Israelites returned to Jerusalem after the Babylonian captivity, they were a returning body of Judahites. An organized body, under Ezra and Nehemiah. A remnant of obedient Israelites.


Nehemiah 5:7  Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said unto them, Ye exact usury, every one of his brother. And I set a great assembly against them.

The second use of QEHILLAH. Nehemiah organized the people against the nobles and rulers which were taking advantage of their brethren.


Nehemiah 5:13  Also I shook my lap, and said, So God shake out every man from his house, and from his labour, that performeth not this promise, even thus be he shaken out, and emptied. And all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) said, Amen, and praised Yahweh. And the people did according to this promise.


Nehemiah 7:66  The whole congregation (H6951-qahal- body) together was forty and two thousand three hundred and threescore,


Nehemiah 8:2  And Ezra the priest brought the law before the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) both of men and women, and all that could hear with understanding, upon the first day of the seventh month.

Nehemiah 8:17  And all the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of them that were come again out of the captivity made booths, and sat under the booths: for since the days of Joshua the son of Nun unto that day had not the children of Israel done so. And there was very great gladness.


Nehemiah 13:1  On that day they read in the book of Moses in the audience of the people; and therein was found written, that the Ammonite and the Moabite should not come into the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of God for ever;

We can also see in Nehemiah the obedient body (QAHAL). Eager for the law and the feasts.


Esther 8:11  Wherein the king granted the Judahites which were in every city to gather themselves together (verb H6950-qahal), and to stand for their life, to destroy, to slay, and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province that would assault them, both little ones and women, and to take the spoil of them for a prey,


Esther 9:2  The Judahites gathered themselves together (verb H6950-qahal) in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such as sought their hurt: and no man could withstand them; for the fear of them fell upon all people.

Esther 9:15  For the Judahites that were in Shushan gathered themselves together (verb H6950-qahal) on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their hand.

Esther 9:16  But the other Judahites that were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together (verb H6950-qahal), and stood for their lives, and had rest from their enemies, and slew of their foes seventy and five thousand, but they laid not their hands on the prey,

Esther 9:18  But the Judahites that were at Shushan assembled together (verb H6950-qahal) on the thirteenth day thereof, and on the fourteenth thereof; and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested, and made it a day of feasting and gladness.

Only the verb form of QAHAL is used in Esther. The Judahites (Israelites of the house of Judah) faced genocide, but Yahweh delivered them.


Job 11:10  If He cut off, and shut up, or gather together (verb H6950-qahal- summon), then who can hinder Him?


Job 15:34  For the congregation (H5712-edah- gathering, community) of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery.

Septuagint 15:34  For death is the witness of an ungodly man, and fire shall burn the houses of them that receive gifts.


Job 16:7  But now He hath made me weary: you hast made desolate all my company (H5712-edah).


Job 30:28  I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation (H6951-qahal- assembly, among the people).


Psalm 1:5  Therefore the ungodly (wicked) shall not stand in the judgment, nor sinners in the congregation (H5712-edah- company) of the righteous.

Septuagint 1:5  Therefore the ungodly shall not rise in judgment, nor sinners in the counsel of the just.


Psalm 7:7  So shall the congregation (H5712-edah- multitude, members) of the people compass You about: for their sakes therefore return You on high (return to Your exalted place).


Psalm 22:16  For dogs have compassed me: the assembly (H5712-edah) of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet.

Psalm 22:22  I will declare Your name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) will I praise You.

The only place in the OT where the word “church” is used, and it's in the Septuagint.

Septuagint 22:22  I will declare thy name to my brethren: in the midst of the church will I sing praise to thee.

This is the time of David and there were no “churches” yet.

This also shows that the word “church” is used where the word QAHAL is. Proving that the group, the body, the obedient body, is the people, not some building with a mixed multitude of people in it. We will see this demonstrated in the NT.


Psalm 22:25  My praise shall be of You in the great congregation (H6951-qahal- body): I will pay my vows before them that fear Him.


Psalm 25:10  All the paths of Yahweh are mercy and truth unto such as keep His covenant and His testimonies (H5713-divine laws).

Technical use of edah.


Psalm 26:5  I have hated the congregation (H6951-qahal- company) of evil doers; and will not sit with the wicked.


Psalm 35:18  I will give You thanks in the great congregation (H6951-qahal- body): I will praise You among much people.


Psalm 40:9  I have preached righteousness in the great congregation (H6951-qahal- body): lo, I have not refrained my lips, O Yahweh, You knowest.

Psalm 40:10  I have not hid Your righteousness within my heart; I have declared Your faithfulness and Your salvation: I have not concealed Your lovingkindness and Your truth from the great congregation (H6951-qahal- body).


Psalm 68:30  Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude (H5712-edah- crowd) of the bulls, with the calves of the people, till every one submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter you the people that delight in war.

Company of spearmen is far from accurate, as the rest of the verse continues to use analogies of animals for people. Bulls means their mighty men, and calves is their power. This verse speaks of the enemies of Israel as beasts, a common derogatory term in those days.

Septuagint 68:30  Rebuke the wild beasts of the reed: let the crowd of bulls with the heifers of the nations be rebuked, so that they who have been proved with silver may not be shut out: scatter you the nations that wish for wars.


Psalm 74:2  Remember Your congregation (H5712-edah- members, people), which You hast purchased of old; the rod of Your inheritance, which You hast redeemed; this mount Zion, wherein You hast dwelt.


Psalm 78:56  Yet they tempted and provoked the most high God, and kept not His testimonies (H5713-divine laws):

Technical use of edah.


Psalm 82:1  A Psalm of Asaph. God standeth in the congregation (H5712-edah) of the mighty; He judgeth among the gods.

Septuagint 82:1  A Psalm for Asaph. God stands in the assembly of gods; and in the midst of them will judge gods.

Here in Psalm 82 we are told that we are 'Gods' (translated from the Hebrew word Elohiym which is plural) and the 'children of the Most High'. What the Psalm says and Christ confirmed is that we are 'Elohiym' – the family of the Creator.


Psalm 86:14  O God, the proud (arrogant) are risen against me, and the assemblies (H5712-edah) of violent men have sought after my soul; and have not set You before them.


Psalm 89:5  And the heavens shall praise Your wonders, O Yahweh: Your faithfulness also in the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of the saints.


Psalm 93:5  Thy testimonies (H5713-divine laws) are very sure: holiness becometh (is appropriate for) Your house, O Yahweh, for ever.

Technical use of edah.

When we obey His divine laws, we are set apart (holy), and become an appropriate house (temple) for Him to dwell in.


Psalm 99:7  He spake unto them in the cloudy pillar: they kept His testimonies (H5713-divine laws), and the ordinance that He gave them.

Technical use of edah.


Psalm 106:17  The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, and covered the company (H5712-edah) of Abiram.

Psalm 106:18  And a fire was kindled in their company (H5712-edah); the flame burned up the wicked.    (Num 16:1-35)


Psalm 107:32  Let them exalt Him also in the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of the people, and praise Him in the assembly (seat) of the elders.


Psalm 111:1  Praise ye Yahweh. I will praise Yahweh with my whole heart, in the assembly (council) of the upright, and in the congregation (H5712-edah- community).


Psalm 119:2  Blessed are they that keep His testimonies (H5713-divine laws), and that seek Him with the whole heart.

Psalm 119:22  Remove from me reproach and contempt; for I have kept Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws).

Psalm 119:24  Thy testimonies (H5713-divine laws) also are my delight and my counsellors.

Psalm 119:46  I will speak of Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws) also before kings, and will not be ashamed.

Psalm 119:59  I thought on my ways, and turned my feet unto Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws).

Psalm 119:79  Let those that fear You turn unto me, and those that have known Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws).

Psalm 119:95  The wicked have waited for me to destroy me: but I will consider Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws).

Psalm 119:119  Thou puttest away all the wicked of the earth like dross: therefore I love Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws).

Psalm 119:125  I am Your servant; give me understanding, that I may know Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws).

Psalm 119:138  Thy testimonies (H5713-divine laws) that You hast commanded are righteous and very faithful.

Psalm 119:146  I cried unto You; save me, and I shall keep Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws).

Psalm 119:152  Concerning Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws), I have known of old that you hast founded them for ever.

Psalm 119:167  My soul hath kept Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws); and I love them exceedingly.

Psalm 119:168  I have kept Your precepts and Your testimonies (H5713-divine laws): for all my ways are before You.


Psalm 132:12  If your children will keep My covenant and My testimony (H5713-divine laws) that I shall teach them, their children shall also sit upon your throne for evermore.

Psalm 149:1  Praise ye Yahweh. Sing unto Yahweh a new song, and His praise in the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of saints.


Proverbs 5:13  And have not obeyed the voice of my teachers, nor inclined mine ear to them that instructed me!

Proverbs 5:14  I was almost in all evil in the midst of the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) and assembly (H5712-edah- community).

 5:15  Drink waters out of your own cistern, and running waters out of your own well.

Do not race mix. Solomon fell to these desires in his latter years.


Proverbs 21:16  The man that wandereth out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation (H6951-qahal) of the dead.

Here in verse 16, the dead are a fixture. A position. Dead.

Septuagint 21:16  A man that wanders out of the way of righteousness, shall rest in the congregation of giants.

The Septuagint uses 'giants' for the word 'dead'.

Dead H7496  râphâ'

BDB Definition:

1) ghosts of the dead, shades, spirits

Related word H7495 to heal, make healthful in the sense of H7503 A primitive root; to slacken (in many applications, literally or figuratively): - abate, cease, consume, draw [toward evening], fail, (be) faint, be (wax) feeble, forsake, idle, leave, let alone (go, down), (be) slack, stay, be still, be slothful, (be) weak (-en).

When we wander out of the way of righteousness, we become dead to Yahweh.

Where will unrighteous spirits rest? In the grave, forever.


Proverbs 26:26  (He that hateth) Whose hatred is covered by deceit, his wickedness shall be shewed before the whole congregation (H6951-qahal- body).


Jeremiah 6:18  Therefore hear, ye nations, and know, O congregation (H5712-edah- flock, members, people), what is among them.


Jeremiah 26:9  Why hast you prophesied in the name of Yahweh, saying, This house shall be like Shiloh, and this city shall be desolate without an inhabitant? And all the people were gathered (verb H6950-qahal- assembled) against Jeremiah in the house of Yahweh.

Jeremiah 26:17  Then rose up certain of the elders of the land, and spake to all the assembly (H6951-qahal- whole body) of the people, saying,


Jeremiah 30:20  Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation (H5712-edah- community, members, people) shall be established before Me, and I will punish all that oppress them.

Jeremiah 31:8  Behold, I will bring them from the north country, and gather them from the coasts of the earth, and with them the blind and the lame, the woman with child and her that travaileth with child together: a great company (H6951-qahal) shall return thither.


Jeremiah 44:15  Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude (H6951-qahal), even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying,


Jeremiah 50:9  For, lo, I will raise and cause to come up against Babylon an assembly (H6951-qahal) of great nations from the north country: and they shall set themselves in array against her; from thence she shall be taken: their arrows shall be as of a mighty expert man; none shall return in vain.

In Jeremiah 31:8, 44:15, and 50:9, we see the use of 'qahal' in the context of a company, a multitude, and an assembly. These all refer to a group, a body.

In 31:8, a prophecy and fulfilled by the company, or body of those Israelites during the Reformation.

In 44:15, is the multitude, or body of people that fled Babylonian captivity and escaped to seek refuge in Egypt.

And in 50:9, the assembly, or body (group) of nations that took Babylon were the Medes and Persians.

So we can see, in context, 'qahal' is used when referring to a group, or gathering of people and/or nations. A body in unison. An organized body. An assembly for war and invasion.


Lamentations 1:10  The adversary hath spread out his hand upon all her (Israel's) pleasant things: for she hath seen that the heathen entered into her sanctuary, whom You didst command that they should not enter into Your congregation (H6951-qahal- body, gathering).

The other races (nations) are forbidden to enter the congregation of the children of Israel. Hence Israelites are holy (set apart). A holy (set apart) body.


Ezekiel only uses the word QAHAL to identify companies, or a group (body) of adversaries to Israel. Assembled for war.

Ezekiel 16:40  (Thy lovers) They shall also bring up a company (H6951-qahal) against you, and they shall stone you with stones, and thrust you through with their swords.

The 'company' in this context are those other races and idols that we cheat on Yahweh with. Those outside the body of the Anointed are a body of their own, and will be used as punishment to us for our whoring.


Ezekiel 17:17  Neither shall Pharaoh with his mighty army and great company (H6951-qahal) make for him in the war, by casting up mounts, and building forts, to cut off many persons:


Ezekiel 23:24  And they shall come against you with chariots, wagons, and wheels, and with an assembly (H6951-qahal) of people, which shall set against you buckler and shield and helmet round about: and I will set judgment before them, and they shall judge you according to their judgments.

Ezekiel 23:46  For thus saith Yahweh GOD; I will bring up a company (H6951-qahal) upon them, and will give them to be removed and spoiled.

Ezekiel 23:47  And the company (H6951-qahal) shall stone them with stones, and dispatch them with their swords; they shall slay their sons and their daughters, and burn up their houses with fire.


Ezekiel 26:7  For thus saith Yahweh GOD; Behold, I will bring upon Tyrus Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, a king of kings, from the north, with horses, and with chariots, and with horsemen, and companies (H6951-qahal), and much people.


Ezekiel 27:27  Thy riches, and your fairs, your merchandise, your mariners, and your pilots, your calkers, and the occupiers of your merchandise, and all your men of war, that are in you, and in all your company (H6951-qahal) which is in the midst of you, shall fall into the midst of the seas in the day of your ruin.

Ezekiel 27:34  In the time when you shalt be broken by the seas in the depths of the waters your merchandise and all your company (H6951-qahal) in the midst of you shall fall.


Ezekiel 32:3  Thus saith Yahweh GOD (to the Pharaoh of Egypt); I will therefore spread out My net over you with a company (H6951-qahal) of many people; and they shall bring you up in My net.

Ezekiel 32:22  Asshur is there and all her company (H6951-qahal): his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword:

Ezekiel 32:23  Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company (H6951-qahal) is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living.


Ezekiel chapter 38 is a Prophecy against Gog.

Gog are the people of the land of Magog. The SynaGOGue of Satan. These are his children. These are the descendants of Cain and Esau that impersonate the children of Israel and claim to be Israel and claim to teach the laws of Moses in the synagogues. We will see later in the NT that the synagogues were the counterfeit “churches”. Just like today's “churches” which teach the same false doctrine as the synagogues did, Judaism, in the name of Christianity, which it is NOT.

Magog was a son of Japheth. As was Gomer, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras.

Ashkenaz was a son of Gomer. Ashkenazim Jews are descendants of Japheth, mixed with Hittites (Canaanites) and Mongolians (Asians). The Sephardic Jews are descendants of Esau and Cain, hence their claim to Abraham's seed.

Many of the sons of Japheth pitched their tents towards Asia, China and India. They did not mongrelize in their first few generations, but later on became the race mixed Jew branch of GOG.  95% of Jews are Ashkenazim Jews and they originated in Khazaria and converted to Judaism by 800AD.

Christ rebuked the Sephardic Jews, which had crept into and controlled the religious sects of His time, because they were race mixed children of the Devil and taught their 'traditions of men' (Judaism) in their synagogues. False doctrine. The same thing our “churches” teach.

Gog comes from H1463 = 'mountain'

The prophetic prince of Rosh, Meshech and Tubal, and Magog

Mountains are symbolic for kingdoms. The Jew kingdom of Khazaria.

Prophecy against Gog

Ezekiel 38:1  And the word of Yahweh came unto me, saying,

 38:2  Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,

The Septuagint has: “...Rhos, prince of Mesoch and Thobel,...”, where the KJV translated chief    (a title) instead of a name.

There was a Germanic tribe called the Rus, who ruled over the Slavic tribes of Meshech and Tubal (Japethites). The Czars of Russia were Germanic, from the house of David.

 38:3  And say, Thus saith Yahweh GOD; Behold, I am against you, O Gog, the chief (Rhos) prince of Meshech and Tubal:

Ezekiel 38:4  And I will turn you (Gog) back, and put hooks into your jaws, and I will bring you forth, and all your army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company (H6951-qahal) with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:

The Bolshevic Jews assassinated the Russian czars and usurped control of Russia.

2Kings 19:28  Because thy rage against Me and thy tumult is come up into Mine ears, therefore I will put My hook in thy nose, and My bridle in thy lips, and I will turn thee back by the way by which thou camest.

 38:5  Persia (Elam), Ethiopia (Cush), and Libya (Phut) with them; all of them with shield and helmet:

 38:6  Gomer (Japethites), and all his bands; the house of Togarmah (son of Gomer) of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with you.

These nations represent the entire Arab world, and they are allied with the Jews. They use the Arabs against true Israel, us.

Ezekiel 38:7  Be you prepared, and prepare for thyself, you, and all your company (H6951-qahal) that are assembled (verb H6950-qahal) unto you, and be you a guard unto them.

 38:8  After many days thou shalt be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into the land that is brought back from the sword, and is gathered out of many people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always waste: but it is brought forth out of the nations, and they shall dwell safely all of them.

The last war on our soil was the War of Northern aggression (Jew agitated civil war).

The many people are the 12 tribes of Jacob re-united.

America was a wilderness before we settled it. And we dwell safely.

 38:9  Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with you.

When we started letting the Jew into our society in the 1800's, just like Benjamin Franklin and others stated, they would be in full control within 200 years. They own our financial system with their usury and Federal Reserve Bank, taxes and regulations. They own our educational institutions, colleges and schools. Medical. Media. What don't they own?

 38:10  Thus saith Yahweh GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought:

 38:11  And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates,

 38:12  To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn thine hand upon the desolate places that are now inhabited, and upon the people that are gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land.   (Jer 49:31)

The evil thought must be the destruction of our race through acceptance of the International Jew and their ideas: integration and immigration of the other races into our lands.

Ezekiel 38:13  Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions thereof, shall say unto you, Art you come to take a spoil? hast you gathered (verb H6950-qahal) your company (H6951-qahal) to take a prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?

Sheba, Dedan and the merchants of Tarshish. These would represent the Mediterranean Arab Jews today. These nations were white at their origin.

FDR gave all our gold to the Jews.

 38:14  Therefore, son of man, prophesy and say unto Gog, Thus saith Yahweh GOD; In that day when My people of Israel dwelleth safely, shalt thou not know it?

 38:15  And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou, and many people with you, all of them riding upon horses, a great company, and a mighty army:

These would be the Arab and Turkish invasions starting in the 600's AD. Mohammadism.

 38:16  And thou shalt come up against My people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days, and I will bring you against My land (people), that the heathen (nations) may know Me, when I shall be sanctified in you, O Gog, before their eyes.

 38:17  Thus saith Yahweh GOD; Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by My servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many years that I would bring you against them?

The 'old time' (ancient) enemy of Israel are the Canaanite and Edomite Jews. The tares, the briers and thorns.

Leviathan is referred to as Satan. The dragon. It is a symbol of Babylon.

Isaiah 27:1-4

1  In that day Yahweh with His sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and He shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.

2  In that day sing ye unto her, A vineyard of red wine.

3  I Yahweh do keep it; I will water it every moment: lest any hurt it, I will keep it night and day.

4  Fury is not in me: who would set the briers and thorns against me in battle? I would go through them, I would burn them together.

Septuagint: 2  In that day there shall be a fair vineyard, and a desire to commence a song concerning it.

3  I am a strong city, a city in a siege: in vain shall I water it; for it shall be taken by night, and by day the wall shall fall.

4  There is no woman that has not taken hold of it; who will set me to watch stubble in the field? because of this enemy I have set her aside; therefore on this account Yahweh has done all that He appointed.

 38:18  And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, saith Yahweh GOD, that My fury shall come up in My face.

 38:19  For in My jealousy and in the fire of My wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel;

The land of Israel is wherever true Israel dwells. Europe, America, the white nations of the world. These are dual prophecies, and the latter ones are just around the corner.

 38:20  So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at My presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.   (Hos 4:3)

 38:21  And I will call for a sword against him throughout all My mountains, saith Yahweh GOD: every man's sword shall be against his brother.

The Jews have agitated war upon the white nations against each other. Kinsmen against kinsmen. Then the Jews move in and rebuild according to their lusts. And we allow it.

 38:22  And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.

Isaiah 66:16  For by fire and by His sword will Yahweh plead with all flesh: and the slain of Yahweh shall be many.

Jeremiah 25:31  A noise shall come even to the ends of the earth; for Yahweh hath a controversy with the nations, He will plead with all flesh; He will give them that are wicked to the sword, saith Yahweh.

 38:23  Thus will I magnify Myself, and sanctify Myself; and I will be known in the eyes of many nations, and they shall know that I am Yahweh.

Chapter 39 is another explanation of the prophecy against Gog.


Hosea 7:12  When they (Ephraim) shall go, I will spread My net upon them; I will bring them down as the fowls of the heaven; I will chastise them, as their congregation (H5712-edah- members) hath heard.

Septuagint 7:12  Whenever they shall go, I will cast My net upon them; I will bring them down as the birds of the sky, I will chasten them with the rumor of their coming affliction.

The prophets warned about idolatry and race mixing, and the coming punishment.

The Israelites (Ephraim, the northern house of Israel), rather than humbling themselves and repenting, arrogantly sought deliverance from the Assyrians through an alliance with Egypt. Yet Egypt was no salvation for them, and they ended up being taken away captive by the Assyrians, as God had willed. We also see that self-pride and vanity are factors in the national downfall.


Joel 2:15  Blow the trumpet in Zion, sanctify a fast, call a solemn assembly:

Joel 2:16  Gather the people, sanctify the congregation (H6951-qahal- body), assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet.

The children of Israel as a nation are the bride of Yahweh their God, and they will have mercy and survive if they marry themselves to Him, which requires submission and obedience to Him. The body must be sanctified.


Israel, fallen into apostasy and the paganism which had been mandated by the State since the days of Jeroboam I (1 Kings 12:26-33), had fallen to the level of self-serving decadence which is found in what we now call materialism.

Micah 2:3  Therefore thus saith Yahweh; Behold, against this family do I devise an evil, from which ye shall not remove your necks; neither shall ye go haughtily: for this time is evil.

This evil is coming upon the nation in the form of the imminent Assyrian invasions and the resulting captivity, which the nation was not going to be able to avoid.

 2:4  In that day shall one take up a parable against you, and lament with a doleful lamentation, and say, We be utterly spoiled: he hath changed the portion of my people: how hath he removed it from me! turning away he hath divided our fields.

The Greek of the Septuagint, which Brenton's version reflects well here, punctuates the end of the verse differently: “... the portion of My people has been measured out with a line, and there was none to hinder him so as to turn him back; your fields have been divided.” The children of Israel are warned that their lands would be taken away, that new divisions of those lands would be assigned to others, and that they would have no recourse in the matter: “and there was none to turn him back”.

Yet there seems to be a deeper meaning here than simply a giving of the land of Israel over to the Assyrians. In the Septuagint version Yahweh is attributed as saying “the portion of My people has been measured out with a line”, and Yahweh's portion is His people, as He says in Deuteronomy 32:9 “9 For Yahweh's portion is His people; Jacob is the lot of His inheritance.” Therefore the statement may be taken in two ways, referring to the people themselves in relation to God, and to the land in relation to the people. The people themselves were also divided, and some would be put to the sword while others would survive in Assyrian captivity, and others would escape altogether. From Amos chapter 7, where we see a very similar prophecy at this very same time: 7 Thus He shewed me: and, behold, Yahweh stood upon a wall made by a plumbline, with a plumbline in His hand. 8 And Yahweh said unto me, Amos, what seest you? And I said, A plumbline. Then said Yahweh, Behold, I will set a plumbline in the midst of My people Israel: I will not again pass by them any more: 9 And the high places of Isaac shall be desolate, and the sanctuaries of Israel shall be laid waste; and I will rise against the house of Jeroboam with the sword.

Micah 2:5  Therefore you shalt have none that shall cast a cord by lot in the congregation (H6951-qahal- body) of Yahweh.

None of Yahweh's people in Israel would have any part in the new division of the land. This was part of the results of the 'divorce'.


It has been demonstrated that the EDAH is the multitude, a gathering, a community, and members of a body. And the QAHAL is the (called out) body of those members.

Now let's observe the New Testament.





Today the state stands as the usurper of Christ’s Kingship, and the “churches” help the state to confuse the people (with false doctrine) and bring them into subjection.  Most “churches” are 501-C3, tax exempt code. They follow guidelines established by our government, which is controlled by our enemies. Our enemies have fooled us into believing that the Jews are Israel, that Jesus is a Jew, that Judaism is Christianity, and that we are “Gentiles”. All “church” doctrine is a lie and can be proven so by scriptural doctrine.

The “churches” today are propaganda brain washing factories.

The “church”, as in any, or all the denominations today, or the buildings with people in them, is NOT the same as the ECCLESIA (NT), or the QAHAL (OT).

The “church” does NOT take the place of Jacob's children. The covenants and promises made to Jacob's children were NOT extended to any one outside the race or nations of Jacob.

The word “church” has been added to replace the true words and meanings of the body of the Anointed.


Few people today know why the word "church" was used in the King James Bible instead of the word "assembly" or "congregation." History clearly recorded that when King James authorized the translation of the Bible in 1611, he made 15 rules which the translators were bound to follow in making the translation. One of them was to use the word “church” instead of ECCLESIA.


The Greek word 'ECCLESIA' is translated from the Hebrew word 'QAHAL'.

We will see that the meaning is still the same in the NT as in the OT. The body. The obedient and called out body of Israelites.


G1577  ekklēsia   ek-klay-see'-ah   Used 115X

From a compound of G1537 A primary preposition denoting origin (the point whence motion or action proceeds), from, out (of place, time or cause; literally or figuratively; direct or remote) and a derivative of G2564 - bid, call (forth), (whose, whose sur-) name (was [called]).; a calling out.

When Abraham dedicated Isaac on the altar to Yahweh, Isaac's seed was holy (set apart, dedicated) unto Yahweh. Isaac's son Jacob and his descendants are the called out seed of Abraham. Only Jacob's children can be the 'called', 'saints', 'chosen', 'special', 'peculiar', 'known of Yahweh'.

The Jews are NOT Israelites. They are descendants of Cain and of Esau, Canaanites and Edomites.

The Israelites are descendants of Jacob. These would be the white nations of the world. True Anglo-Saxon Israel.


In Scriptural language, the "church" is the assembly of all (Israelites) who respond to the call to enter into a (the) covenant relationship with Almighty Yahweh.

The authors of the apostolic writings understood that the word ekklesia translated the Hebrew qahal and meant the assembly or congregation of Yahweh. For Yahshua (Jesus) and the apostles there was absolute continuity between the congregation of the pre-Messianic past and the Messianic future, the “church” of the Hebrew Scriptures and the “church” of which we read in the apostolic writings. The qahal of the Messianic age is an empowered qahal empowered by the Holy Spirit. Yahshua called unto Him whom He would, trained twelve students; apprentices under discipline to be the leaders of His empowered qahal. He brought the qahal of Yahweh to its intended state, a state of
partaking of the firstfruits of the New Covenant which was sealed in His own shed sacrificial blood.

Yahshua's statement "I will build My church" means that He
would empower and restore His qahal.


Matthew 18:20  For where two or three are gathered together in My name, there am I in the midst of them.

This is the QAHAL. This is the ECCLESIA.


The Greek word 'SYNAGOGE'  is translated from the Hebrew word 'EDAH'.

The meaning is the same. A gathering, an assembly of members.

EDAH is never translated as Ecclesia.




G4864  sunagōgē   soon-ag-o-gay'   Used 57X

From (the reduplicated form of) G4863 -verb- to gather together, to gather; an assemblage of persons; - assembly, congregation, synagogue.


Josephus used the term in an identical sense in his famous work, The Wars of the Judaeans, “Now on the next day, which was the seventh day of the week, when the Judaeans were crowding apace to their synagogue, a certain man of Caesarea, of a seditious temper, got an earthen vessel, and set it with the bottom upward, at the entrance of that synagogue, and sacrificed birds.” Though early Judahite sources such as Philo and Josephus indicate an understanding of the synagogue as a meeting place, the LXX never uses the Greek term for an actual building. By the time of the New Testament, however, the term was used regularly as a place for corporate prayer, reading of Scripture, preaching, and teaching.


From an article: What is the Ecclesia? by Ben Williams

Synagogues, today, have turned religious. They are the Jewish prototypes of the churches. The modern churches are spin-offs of the Jewish synagogues. The point is this: the first-century "kuriakos" (church) organizations were called "synagogues." The disciples of Christ abandoned the synagogues (i.e., the Jewish churches) ... leaving them to the Jews (because the Jews are NOT Israelites, nor do they practice Christianity). But, by the 4th century, apostate religionists were starting to form a new organization patterned after the old synagogue. However, they could not call it "synagogue" because that name had been retained by the Jewish religious establishments. And the word "ecclesia" wouldn't work for them because that referred to Christ's kingdom and had nothing to do with religious houses and organizations. So, instead, they called them "kuriakos" (churches). These were designed to usurp the place of the ecclesias (Christian civil bodies) which had been growing since Christ's ascension to the throne. With the help of the synagogues and the churches (sister organizations), the state (i.e., the beast) began waging battle against the ecclesias (outposts of Christ's kingdom on earth).  Now, you understand, the tie-in between the "synagogue" and the "church." Organizationally, they are based on the same serpent principles of ignorance, superstition and slavery.

Christians left the synagogues (later also called churches). The disciples of Christ found that the synagogues/churches were not Christian in nature. It was not their mission to build churches and synagogues. The New Testament Christians escaped from the heathen religion concept of church organization. They went out into the world and they established "ecclesias" (Christian communities of Christ's reign). The churches (synagogues) never were on the right track. They still aren't today. They have the same bureaucratic structure as central government. Central government structure promotes conformity and blind obedience to the rulers, whether they be priests or bureaucrats. For this reason, the first-century Christians left the synagogues/churches.


We will see that synagogues were nothing more than the beginnings of today's denominations. All of which are teaching doctrine other than scriptural doctrine. Organizations of chaos, deception, false doctrine, lies and propaganda.


Matthew 4:23  And Jesus went about all Galilee, teaching in their synagogues (G4864), and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people.

Matthew 6:2  Therefore when you doest your alms, do not sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues  (G4864) and in the streets, that they may have glory of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

Matthew 6:5  And when you prayest, you shalt not be as the hypocrites are: for they love to pray standing in the synagogues  (G4864) and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men. Verily I say unto you, They have their reward.

Matthew 9:35  And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues (G4864), and preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing every sickness and every disease among the people.

Matthew 10:17  But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues (G4864);

Matthew 12:9  And when He was departed thence, He went into their synagogue (G4864):

Matthew 13:54  And when He was come into His own country, He taught them in their synagogue (G4864), insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works?

Matthew 16:18  And I say also unto you, That you art Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church (G1577-ecclesia); and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

Matthew 18:17 is the first time the word “church” is used in the NT.

The Greek: 18  And I say to you that you are a stone (petros), yet upon this bedrock (petra) shall I build My assembly and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it!

Peter was just one of the stones built upon the bedrock (foundation) that is Christ.

This is not a “church” that Christ is describing, as the KJV changed the Greek word 'ecclesia' to “church” every time. The ecclesia is a called out body, a congregation of the people of the Spirit (DNA), not some building.


Matthew 18:15  Moreover if thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother.

Matthew 18:16  But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established.

Matthew 18:17  And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church (G1577-ecclesia): but if he neglect to hear the church (G1577-ecclesia), let him be unto you as an heathen man and a publican.

Romans 16:17  Now I beseech you, brethren, mark them which cause divisions and offences contrary to the doctrine which ye have learned; and avoid them.

The ecclesia is the body. The obedient members of the Christian society.


Matthew 23:1  Then spake Jesus to the multitude, and to His disciples,

 23:2  Saying, The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat:  

The seat of Moses is the seat of authority in Judaea. Christ is warning His flock about the children of darkness who have infiltrated the priesthood.

 23:3  All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe, that observe and do; but do not ye after their works: for they say, and do not.

 23:4  For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne, and lay them on men's shoulders; but they themselves will not move them with one of their fingers.

What we see in government today is modern Pharisaism, endless and burdensome regulations. And the government lifts not one finger in order to assist men attempting to comply with those regulations.

 23:5  But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries, and enlarge the borders of their garments,

Matthew 23:6/Mark 12:39  And love the uppermost rooms at feasts, and the chief seats in the synagogues (G4864),

 23:33  Ye serpents, ye generation (race) of vipers, how can ye escape the damnation of hell?

Matthew 23:34  Wherefore, behold, I send unto you prophets, and wise men, and scribes: and some of them ye shall kill and crucify; and some of them shall ye scourge in your synagogues (G4864), and persecute them from city to city:

 23:35  That upon you (Canaanites/Edomites) may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth, from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias (John the Baptist's father)  son of Barachias, whom ye slew between the temple and the altar.  

1John 3:12  (Love one another) Not as Cain, who was of that wicked one, and slew his brother. And wherefore slew he him? Because his own works were evil, and his brother's righteous.

 23:36  Verily I say unto you, All these things shall come upon this generation (race).

From verse 1-36 Christ was exhorting the scribes and Pharisees, who were Edomite Jew infiltrators that sat in authority in Judaea. Moses' seat.


In Matthew we can see that:

Yahshua Christ called the synagogues 'their synagogues'.

Christ referred to 'their synagogues' in a negative way in each verse.

Prince Yahshua taught His doctrine in 'their synagogues'.

It is evident that 'their synagogues' were not His synagogues nor taught His Word in them. Very much like today's synagogues and “churches”.


Mark 1:21  And they went into Capernaum; and straightway on the sabbath day He entered into the synagogue (G4864), and taught.

 1:22  And they were astonished at His doctrine: for He taught them as one that had authority, and not as the scribes.

The scribes, whose teachings were worldly and legalistic and who had long lost sight of the truth, were unsure of many of the meanings of the Scriptures, and they were constantly waffling and debating one another. Their spirits were not inspired by God.

Mark 1:23/Luke 4:33  And there was in their synagogue (G4864) a man with an unclean spirit; and he cried out,

 1:24  Saying, Let us alone; what have we to do with thee, thou Jesus of Nazareth? art thou come to destroy us? I know who thou art, the Holy One of God.

The demons knew who Christ was.

 1:25  And Jesus rebuked him, saying, Hold thy peace, and come out of him.

 1:26  And when the unclean spirit had torn him, and cried with a loud voice, he came out of him.

 1:27  And they were all amazed, insomuch that they questioned among themselves, saying, What thing is this? what new doctrine is this? for with authority commandeth He even the unclean spirits, and they do obey Him.

It was new doctrine to them because they departed from their heritage, being indoctrinated with the Judaism of the Pharisees. Just like today's “churches”.

 1:28  And immediately His fame spread abroad throughout all the region round about Galilee.

Mark 1:29/Luke 4:38  And forthwith, when they were come out of the synagogue (G4864), they entered into the house of Simon and Andrew, with James and John.

Mark 1:39/Luke 4:44  And He preached in their synagogues (G4864) throughout all Galilee, and cast out devils.

Mark 3:1/Luke 6:6  And He entered again into the synagogue (G4864); and there was a man there which had a withered hand.

Mark 6:2  And when the sabbath day was come, He began to teach in the synagogue (G4864): and many hearing Him were astonished, saying, From whence hath this man these things? and what wisdom is this which is given unto Him, that even such mighty works are wrought by His hands?

Mark 13:9/Luke 21:12  But take heed to yourselves: for they shall deliver you up to councils; and in the synagogues (G4864) ye shall be beaten: and ye shall be brought before rulers and kings for My sake, for a testimony against them.

In Mark we see:

The synagogues were filled with sick and demon possessed people, and when you speak the truth in them 'they shall deliver you to the councils, and be beaten'.

An obedient assembly, congregation or gathering would not have sick demon possessed beaten people.

The synagogues were nothing more than early “church” denominations.


Luke 4:15  And He taught in their synagogues, being glorified of all.

There were no “churches” yet. The synagogues were assembly halls. Sometimes the congregation would meet in a courtyard, a theater, by a riverbed, and in peoples homes.

The KJV translators were ordered to change the Greek word 'ecclesia' to the English word “church”.

They have two totally different meanings.

The “church” is a building, an order, a clerical hierarchy. A building containing a mixture of peoples.

The 'ecclesia' is a 'calling out', a meeting of those 'called'. That, according to scripture, can only be those of the seed of Jacob. The children of Israel. We, who are the Anglo-Saxon descendants of the 12 tribes. Note: Anglo-Saxon= we are Isaac's sons= I SAXON.

Each one of us are ''called', but few are 'chosen'. Each one of us is a piece, a stone, that is laid upon the foundation, that is Christ, that makes up the ecclesia. The body, the meeting, the mind, the family of Yahweh.

Luke 4:16  And He came to Nazareth, where He had been brought up: and, as His custom was, He went into the synagogue (G4864) on the sabbath day, and stood up for to read.

 4:17  And there was delivered unto Him the book of the prophet Isaiah. And when He had opened the book, He found the place where it was written,

 4:18  The Spirit of Yahweh is upon Me, because He hath anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor (in Spirit); He hath sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, to preach deliverance to the captives, and recovering of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised,

 4:19  To preach the acceptable year of the Lord.

The Greek: 19 To proclaim a year acceptable by Yahweh!

Here we have a bold proclamation by Christ, that He is indeed the Messiah, since the prophecy of Isaiah which He quotes here concerns the promises of deliverance which Yahweh God made to Israel, that He would be their Saviour.

Isaiah 61:1-2

1  The Spirit of Yahweh GOD is upon me; because Yahweh hath anointed me to preach good tidings unto the meek; he hath sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captives, and the opening of the prison to them that are bound;

2  To proclaim a year acceptable by Yahweh, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn;

Luke 4:20  And He closed the book, and He gave it again to the minister, and sat down. And the eyes of all them that were in the synagogue (G4864) were fastened on Him.

 4:21  And He began to say unto them, This day is this scripture fulfilled in your ears.

 4:22  And all bare Him witness, and wondered at the gracious words which proceeded out of His mouth. And they said, Is not this Joseph's son?  

 4:23  And He said unto them, Ye will surely say unto Me this proverb, Physician, heal thyself: whatsoever we have heard done in Capernaum, do also here in Thy country.

 4:24  And He said, Verily I say unto you, No prophet is accepted in his own country.

 4:25  But I tell you of a truth, many widows were in Israel in the days of Elijah, when the heaven was shut up three years and six months, when great famine was throughout all the land;  

       (1 Ki 17:9, 18:1, James 5:17)

 4:26  But unto none of them was Elijah sent, save unto Sarepta, a city of Sidon, unto a woman that was a widow.

 4:27  And many lepers were in Israel in the time of Eliseus the prophet; and none of them was cleansed, saving Naaman the Syrian.

The events concerning the widow of Zarephath, or here from the Greek, Sarepta, are recorded in 1 Kings chapter 17 and 2 Kings 5:14.

Luke 4:28  And all they in the synagogue (G4864), when they heard these things, were filled with wrath,

 4:29  And rose up, and thrust Him (Christ) out of the city, and led Him unto the brow of the hill whereon their city was built, that they might cast Him down headlong.

In His judgment of the people of Judaea they were perceived as ineligible, and therefore the people hated Christ for the illustration which He made. The people of Judaea had become religious exclusivists (synagogues) – they rejected all those who did not practice Judaism. Judaism is not Christianity. If it were, they would have accepted Christ's doctrine.


Luke 7:5  For he (the centurion) loveth our nation, and he hath built us a synagogue (G4864).

Synagogues were assembly halls. Some of these gatherings did teach and worship the truth, but most of them were corrupted denominations of Judaism taught by the Jew Pharisees. Just like today's denominational churches, they all have different doctrines.


Luke 8:41  And, behold, there came a man named Jairus, and he was a ruler of the synagogue (G4864): and he fell down at Jesus' feet, and besought Him that He would come into his house:


Luke 11:43  Woe unto you, Pharisees! for ye love the uppermost seats in the synagogues (G4864), and greetings in the markets.

More of Christ scolding the Jew Pharisees, who were not teaching the people truth.


Luke 12:11  And when they bring you unto the synagogues (G4864), and unto magistrates, and powers, take ye no thought how or what thing ye shall answer, or what ye shall say:

 12:12  For the Holy Spirit shall teach you in the same hour what ye ought to say.


Luke 13:10  And He was teaching in one of the synagogues (G4864) on the sabbath.

Teaching them the truth.


Luke 20:46  Beware of the scribes, which desire to walk in long robes, and love greetings in the markets, and the highest seats in the synagogues (G4864), and the chief rooms at feasts;

In Luke we see that the synagogues are taught truth by Yahshua Christ. We see that synagogues are also assembly halls.


John 6:59  These things said He in the synagogue (G4864), as He taught in Capernaum.

John 18:19  The (Edomite Jew) high priest then asked Jesus of His disciples, and of His doctrine.

John 18:20  Jesus answered him, I spake openly to the world (society); I ever taught in the synagogue (G4864), and in the temple, whither the Judaeans always resort; and in secret have I said nothing.

Christ openly taught His doctrine, and the Jews murdered Him for it. Christ threatened the Jews authority and power over the people and their satanic doctrine of Judaism, which is why they conspired against Him.

The epistle of John is mostly about Christ identifying the Jews as the children of the Devil, and  that their religion, Judaism, which was taught at most all the synagogues, is NOT Christianity.


Acts 2:47  Praising God, and having favour with all the people. And the Prince added to the church (G1577-ecclesia) daily such as should be saved (preserved).

The ecclesia is the body (qahal) of members (edah) that followed The Way.

The ecclesia is not a place, or a building, or a “church”. It is the people, the descendants of Jacob, the 'called out' seed of Abraham.


Acts 5:11  And great fear came upon all the church (G1577-ecclesia), and upon as many as heard these things.

Ananias and Sapphira lied to the Holy Spirit regarding their offering, and died as a result of it.

Fear came upon the gathered body. The people that were gathered in the porch.

 5:12  And by the hands of the apostles were many signs and wonders wrought among the people; (and they were all with one accord in Solomon's porch.  (Rom 15:19)


Acts 6:8  And Stephen, full of faith and power, did great wonders and miracles among the people.

Acts 6:9  Then there arose certain (Jews) of the synagogue (G4864), which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen.

 6:10  And they were not able to resist the wisdom and the spirit by which he spake.

The synagogue was not teaching the truth, Stephen was.


Acts 7:37  This is that Moses, which said unto the children of Israel, A prophet shall Yahweh your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; Him shall ye hear.

Acts 7:38  This is he, that was in the church (G1577-ecclesia) in the wilderness with the angel which spake to him in the mount Sinai, and with our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us:  

Deuteronomy 18:15  Yahweh thy God will raise up unto thee a Prophet from the midst of thee, of thy brethren, like unto me; unto Him ye shall hearken;

18:16  According to all that thou desiredst of Yahweh thy God in Horeb in the day of the assembly (qahal), saying, Let me not hear again the voice of Yahweh my God, neither let me see this great fire any more, that I die not.

There was no “church” in the wilderness during Moses' time. The correct word comes from QAHAL, which is the body. The body was the 'called out' children of Israel.

Day of the assembly (Deut 9:10, 10:4, 18:16). The day of the body (assembly, QAHAL). The law was given to the children of Israel, and this was when they swore to keep the commandments, statutes, ordinances and judgments of Yahweh. This was the day of the covenant. It was not made with a “church”, it was made with His people.


Acts 8:1  And Saul was consenting unto his (Stephen's) death. And at that time there was a great persecution against the church (G1577-ecclesia) which was at Jerusalem; and they were all scattered abroad throughout the regions of Judaea and Samaria, except the apostles.

How can a “church” scatter? The word is 'ecclesia', an assembly, a congregation, people.

 8:2  And devout men carried Stephen to his burial, and made great lamentation over him.

Acts 8:3  As for Saul, he made havock of the church (G1577-ecclesia), entering into every house, and haling men and women committed them to prison.

 8:4  Therefore they that were scattered abroad went every where preaching the word.

Paul made havock of the body of followers.

Verse 4 states that 'they that were scattered went everywhere preaching the word'. What was scattered? The “churches” or the people?!


Acts 9:1  And Saul, yet breathing out threatenings and slaughter against the disciples of the Prince, went unto the high priest,  (Gal 1:13)

Acts 9:2  And desired of him letters to Damascus to the synagogues (G4864), that if he found any of this way, whether they were men or women, he might bring them bound unto Jerusalem.

Ignorant of the infiltrated serpent seed Jews among the religious sects, Saul was asking for more power to persecute the followers of Christ. Everything changed on the road to Damascus when Christ opened Paul's eyes.

Acts 9:20  And straightway he preached Christ in the synagogues (G4864), that he is the Son of God.

 9:23  And after that many days were fulfilled, the Judaeans (scribes, Pharisees, Sadducees) took counsel to kill him:

Because he was teaching the truth in the assembly halls.

Acts 9:31  Then had the churches (G1577-ecclesia) rest throughout all Judaea and Galilee and Samaria, and were edified; and walking in the fear of Yahweh, and in the comfort of the Holy Spirit, were multiplied.

The ecclesia (body-QAHAL-the people) had rest.

Rest is defined as: a state of national tranquillity, peace between individuals, i.e. harmony, concord,of the Messiah’s peace, the way that leads to peace (salvation), the tranquil state of a soul assured of its salvation through Christ, and so fearing nothing from God and content with its earthly lot, of whatsoever sort that is.


Acts 11:22  Then tidings of these things came unto the ears of the church (G1577-ecclesia) which was in Jerusalem: and they sent forth Barnabas, that he should go as far as Antioch.

The message of redemption to all the Nations of Israel was spreading, and they were becoming reacquainted with the spirit and law on their heart.

Acts 11:26  And when he (Barnabas) had found him (Paul), he brought him unto Antioch. And it came to pass, that a whole year they assembled themselves with the church (G1577-ecclesia), and taught much people. And the disciples were called Christians first in Antioch.

Only Israelites can be called Christians. All other religions allow anybody in, because they really have nothing to offer. What can their non-existing god do for you? Nothing.

Christianity is exclusive to the race of Adam, the seed of Abraham, the brethren of Christ. Us.

In verse 22, “churches” don't have ears, people do.

In verse 26, Paul and Barnabas assembled with the people, the QAHAL.


Acts 12:1  Now about that time Herod the king (an Edomite Jew) stretched forth his hands to vex certain of the church (G1577-ecclesia).

 12:2  And he killed James the brother of John with the sword.  (Matt 20:23)

 12:3  And because he saw it pleased the Jews, he proceeded further to take Peter also. (Then were the days of unleavened bread.)

Exodus 12:14-15

14  And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to Yahweh throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

15  Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel.

Do the “churches” teach this today. No. They teach that Israel is the Jews, and that the “church”  takes their place in the NT.  Keep sitting in your own pew and warming it up for Satan.

 12:4  And when he (Herod, an Edomite Jew) had apprehended him, he put him in prison, and delivered him to four quaternions of soldiers to keep him; intending after Easter to bring him forth to the people.

Easter, really! Is this a pagan book of mythology? It should read 'Passover'.

Easter is a pagan holiday that worships the goddess of fertility, Diana, Artemis, Astarte. Hence all the eggs. Rabbits are very promiscuous and so are pagan sex orgies.

Passover and Easter are a Catholic merging of Christian and pagan practices. When you acknowledge Easter for anything Christian, you are apostate. The “churches” support false doctrine.

Acts 12:5  Peter therefore was kept in prison: but prayer was made without ceasing of the church (G1577-ecclesia) unto God for him.

In verse 1, Herod vexes (oppress, afflict, harms) certain members of the QAHAL (body).

In verse 5, the body (QAHAL) prays for Peter.


Acts 13:1  Now there were in the church (G1577-ecclesia) that was at Antioch certain prophets and teachers; as Barnabas, and Simeon that was called Niger, and Lucius of Cyrene, and Manaen, which had been brought up with Herod the tetrarch, and Saul.

Acts 13:5  And when they were at Salamis, they preached the word of God in the synagogues (G4864) of the Judaeans: and they had also John to their minister.

Acts 13:14  But when they departed from Perga, they came to Antioch in Pisidia, and went into the synagogue (G4864) on the sabbath day, and sat down.


Acts 13:42  And when the Judaeans (the Jew rulers) were gone out of the synagogue (G4864), the Gentiles (dispersed nations of Israel) besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath.

Acts 13:43  Now when the congregation (G4864) was broken up (dismissed), many of the Judaeans and religious proselytes followed Paul and Barnabas: who, speaking to them, persuaded them to continue in the grace of God.

Note that 'synagogue' is used in verse 42, and 'congregation' is used in verse 43. The Jew rulers did not like Paul preaching the truth in their synagogues. When they left, many of the Israelite Judaeans wanted to hear more of their heritage, history and gospel.

It must be noted that 'Gentile' is an incorrect and deceptive word. It simply means a nation or race of people. The Jews have deceived us into believing that we are 'Gentiles' and that the Jews are Israel. The Jews are NOT Israel, they are descendants of Cain and of Esau. The 'Gentiles' are the dispersed Israelites that did not return to Judaea after the Assyrian and Babylonian captivities and settled elsewhere. They lost and forgot their history and heritage and identity. The gospel was the message that reminded them of the promises and covenants made to their fathers. Our fathers, for we are the true sons of Jacob.


Acts 14:1  And it came to pass in Iconium, that they (Paul and Barnabus) went both together into the synagogue (G4864) of the Judaeans, and so spake, that a great multitude both of the Judaeans and also of the Greeks believed.

Again, the synagogues were not teaching the truth. Paul brought the truth to these amnesiatic Israelites. Many of the Greeks were Israelites.

Acts 14:23  And when they had ordained them elders in every church (G1577-ecclesia), and had prayed with fasting, they commended them to the Prince, on whom they believed.

The Greek: 23 And elders being elected by them in each assembly, praying with fasting they presented them in whom they had confidence with the authority.

They were the elected elders that were prayed for to have confident authority over the assembly (body-QAHAL).

Acts 14:27  And when they were come, and had gathered (G4863-assembled) the church (G1577-ecclesia) together, they rehearsed all that God had done with them, and how He had opened the door of faith unto the Gentiles (dispersed Nations of Israel).

The “church” did not assemble, the people did. The ecclesia is the body. Not the building.


Acts 15:3  And being brought on their way by the church (G1577-ecclesia), they passed through Phenice and Samaria, declaring the conversion of the Gentiles (dispersed Nations of Israel): and they caused great joy unto all the brethren.

Acts 15:4  And when they were come to Jerusalem, they were received of the church (G1577-ecclesia), and of the apostles and elders, and they declared all things that God had done with them.


Acts 15:21  For Moses of old time hath in every city them that preach him, being read in the synagogues (G4864) every sabbath day.

Acts 15:22  Then pleased it the apostles and elders, with the whole church (G1577-ecclesia), to send chosen men of their own company to Antioch with Paul and Barnabas; namely, Judas surnamed Barsabas, and Silas, chief men among the brethren:


Acts 15:41  And he went through Syria and Cilicia, confirming the churches (G1577-ecclesia).

Confirming the buildings (churches) or confirming the people?!


Acts 16:5  And so were the churches (G1577-ecclesia) established in the faith (assurance), and increased in number daily.

The buildings were established and increased in number, or were the people (QAHAL) established and assured and increased?!


Acts 17:1  Now when they had passed through Amphipolis and Apollonia, they came to Thessalonica, where was a synagogue (G4864) of the Judaeans:

 17:2  And Paul, as his manner was, went in unto them, and three sabbath days reasoned with them out of the scriptures,

 17:3  Opening and alleging, that Christ must needs have suffered, and risen again from the dead; and that this Jesus, whom I preach unto you, is Christ.

Paul 'reasoned with them' the truth, which apparently they did not have at this synagogue.

 17:5  But the Judaeans which believed not, moved with envy, took unto them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, and gathered a company, and set all the city on an uproar, and assaulted the house of Jason, and sought to bring them out to the people.  (Rom 16:21)

 17:6  And when they found them not, they drew Jason and certain brethren unto the rulers of the city, crying, These that have turned the world upside down are come hither also;

 17:7  Whom Jason hath received: and these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, one Jesus.

 17:8  And they troubled the people and the rulers of the city, when they heard these things.

 17:9  And when they had taken security of Jason, and of the other, they let them go.

Acts 17:10  And the brethren immediately sent away Paul and Silas by night unto Berea: who coming thither went into the synagogue (G4864) of the Judaeans.

 17:11  These were more noble than those in Thessalonica, in that they received the word with all readiness of mind, and searched the scriptures daily, whether those things were so.

 17:13  But when the Judaeans of Thessalonica had knowledge that the word of God was preached of Paul at Berea, they came thither also, and stirred up the people.

The Edomite Judaean Jew agitators at it again. They did not like Paul preaching the truth.

Acts 17:17  Therefore disputed he in the synagogue (G4864) with the Judaeans, and with the devout persons, and in the market daily with them that met with him.

 17:19  And they took him, and brought him unto Areopagus, saying, May we know what this new doctrine, whereof thou speakest, is?

 17:20  For thou bringest certain strange things to our ears: we would know therefore what these things mean.

The evidence is overwhelming, the truth was not preached in the synagogues. Just like today, the truth is not preached in the “churches”.


Acts 18:4  And he reasoned in the synagogue (G4864) every sabbath, and persuaded the Judaeans and the Greeks.

 18:6  And when they opposed themselves, and blasphemed, he shook his raiment, and said unto them, Your blood be upon your own heads; I am clean: from henceforth I will go unto the Gentiles (dispersed Nations of Israel).

This would be the same thing today if Paul tried to reason with today's “churches”. They are Judaized and don't know it.

Acts 18:7  And he departed thence, and entered into a certain man's house, named Justus, one that worshipped God, whose house joined hard to the synagogue (G4864).

His house was joined, or bordered, with an assembly hall. They were responsive to the message and were immersed in the Word.

Acts 18:19  And he came to Ephesus, and left them there: but he himself entered into the synagogue (G4864), and reasoned with the Judaeans.

 18:20  When they desired him to tarry longer time with them, he consented not;

 18:21  But bade them farewell, saying, I must by all means keep this feast that cometh in Jerusalem: but I will return again unto you, if God will. And he sailed from Ephesus.

Paul kept the feasts. This is after Christ died, so we can see that we are to keep the Sabbaths and feast days. It is part of our history.

Acts 18:22  And when he had landed at Caesarea, and gone up, and saluted the church (G1577-ecclesia), he went down to Antioch.

 18:23  And after he had spent some time there, he departed, and went over all the country of Galatia and Phrygia in order, strengthening all the disciples.  (Gal 4:14)

 18:24  And a certain Judaean named Apollos (an Israelite), born at Alexandria, an eloquent man, and mighty in the scriptures, came to Ephesus.

 18:25  This man was instructed in the way of the Prince; and being fervent in the spirit, he spake and taught diligently the things of the Prince, knowing only the baptism of John.

Acts 18:26  And he began to speak boldly in the synagogue (G4864): whom when Aquila and Priscilla had heard, they took him unto them, and expounded unto him the way of God more perfectly.

Aquila and Priscilla understood the difference between water baptism and baptism in the word.

They took Apollos aside and explained these things along with the end of the sacrifices. The only thing “done away with” was the priesthood and sacrificial rituals, not the law, as the “churches” teach.


Acts 19:8  And he went into the synagogue (G4864), and spake boldly for the space of three months, disputing and persuading the things concerning the kingdom of God.

 19:9  But when divers (some) were hardened, and believed not, but spake evil of that way (The Way) before the multitude, he departed from them, and separated the disciples, disputing daily in the school of one Tyrannus.

The synagogues were not teaching the truth.

Acts 19:32  Some therefore cried one thing, and some another: for the assembly (G1577-ecclesia) was confused; and the more part knew not wherefore they were come together.

The doctrine of Judaism and pagan worship had the people confused. Paul was bringing the Word of Truth. The people at the theater in Ephesus were worshipers of the goddess Diana (where we get Easter from). They made little silver shrines and images of Diana (Artemis, Astarte, Ishtar). Demetrius and the pagan silversmiths were angry at Paul, who was hurting their business.

Act 19:37  For ye have brought hither these men (Paul and his companion), which are neither robbers of churches, nor yet blasphemers of your goddess.

G2417 despoilers of the sanctuary.

It is Strong’s #2417 hierosulos and means a temple-despoiler. In other words, it means that the hierosulos is spoiling the Judaean Temple. It is a false temple! Therefore, the Greek word ekklesia was falsely translated church in the King James, which was a word used to describe pagan temples!

 19:38  Wherefore if Demetrius, and the craftsmen which are with him, have a matter against any man, the law is open, and there are deputies: let them implead one another.

Acts 19:39  But if ye enquire any thing concerning other matters, it shall be determined in a lawful assembly (G1577-ecclesia).

 19:40  For we are in danger to be called in question for this day's uproar, there being no cause whereby we may give an account of this concourse.

In danger of answering to Roman authorities.

Acts 19:41  And when he had thus spoken, he dismissed the assembly (G1577-ecclesia).

Here, in the context, the assembly (ecclesia) is an assembly of the people convened at the public place of the council for the purpose of deliberating.


Acts 20:17  And from Miletus he sent to Ephesus, and called the elders of the church (G1577-ecclesia).

 20:20  And how I kept back nothing that was profitable unto you, but have shewed you, and have taught you publicly, and from house to house,

 20:21  Testifying both to the Judaeans, and also to the Greeks, repentance toward God, and faith (allegiance) toward our Prince Jesus Christ.

The Judaeans were Israelites of Judaea, the Greeks were Israelites that settled in Greece.

Acts 20:28  Take heed therefore unto yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Spirit hath made you overseers, to feed the church (G1577-ecclesia) of God, which He hath purchased with his own blood.

The flock is referring to Israelites. The elders (verse 17) are overseers of the body (ecclesia-QAHAL) of God.


Acts 22:19  And I said, Prince, they know that I imprisoned and beat in every synagogue (G4864) them that believed on You:

Paul was retelling his conversion on the road to Damascus, and how he used to imprison and beat his own people in the assembly halls.


Paul is brought to trial before governor Felix for preaching the truth, which they were not doing in the synagogues.

Acts 24:12  And they neither found me in the temple disputing with any man, neither raising up the people, neither in the synagogues (G4864), nor in the city:

 24:13  Neither can they prove the things whereof they now accuse me.

 24:14  But this I confess unto thee, that after the way which they call heresy, so worship I the God of my fathers, believing all things which are written in the law and in the prophets:


Paul tells his account before King Agrippa.

Acts 26:11  And I punished them oft in every synagogue (G4864), and compelled them to blaspheme; and being exceedingly mad against them, I persecuted them even unto strange cities.


Romans 7:1  Know ye not, brethren, (for I speak to them that know the law,) how that the law hath dominion over a man as long as he liveth?

 7:2  For the woman which hath an husband is bound by the law to her husband so long as he liveth; but if the husband be dead, she is loosed from the law of her husband.  (1 Cor 7:39)

 7:3  So then if, while her husband liveth, she be married to another man, she shall be called an adulteress: but if her husband be dead, she is free from that law; so that she is no adulteress, though she be married to another man.

 7:4  Wherefore, my brethren, ye also are become dead to the law by the body of Christ; that ye should be married to another, even to Him who is raised from the dead, that we should bring forth fruit unto God.  (Gal 2:19, 5:18,22, Col 2:14)

 7:5  For when we were in the flesh, the motions of sins, which were by the law, did work in our members to bring forth fruit unto death.

 7:6  But now we are delivered from the law, that being dead wherein we were held; that we should serve in newness of spirit, and not in the oldness of the letter.

'oldness of the letter” refers to going through the motions.

2Corinthians 3:6  Who also hath made us able ministers (servants) of the new testament (covenant); not of the letter, but of the spirit: for the letter killeth, but the spirit giveth life.

 7:7  What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

 7:8  But sin, taking occasion by the commandment, wrought in me all manner of covetousness. For without (apart from) the law sin was dead.

 7:9  For I was alive without (apart from) the law once: but when the commandment came, sin revived, and I died.

'Died' refers to becoming aware. Paul understood the commandments and their results. He realized he was sinning. Sin killed him, not the law.

 7:10  And the commandment, which was ordained to life, I found to be unto death.

Obeying the law is life, disobeying the law is death.

This is all about the children of Jacob becoming Yahweh's bride. Our ancestors swore at Mt. Sinai and in the wilderness to honor the covenant they made with Yahweh. To remain holy (set apart) from the other races, obey His commandments, follow The Way, and have no other gods before Him. When they, and we, stray from these instructions and promises, they/we are cheating on Yahweh. A whore nation and people. By breaking His law, the penalty is death. After entering the Promised Land, the children of Israel became an established nation, they had judges, and then their first kings, Saul, David, Solomon and so on. As the Israelites got 'fat and lazy' from their blessings of peace and prosperity, they started mingling with the pagan nations and eventually adopted their ways and their gods. Yahweh warned them through His prophets, but they did not listen. Yahweh had enough and in 745 BC 'divorced' them. Put them away in punishment. This is when the Assyrians took all of the northern house of Israel captive, and later, in 586 BC, the Babylonians took the remaining Israelites of the house of Judah in Jerusalem. The 'divorce' was a 7X punishment, lasting 2520 years, which brings us to 1776 AD, the birth of America, the regathering place (2Sam 7:10) of the 'cast off' children of Israel. The white nations of Europe, consisting of all the tribes of Jacob, coming to Ame-Hebrew for My People- Rica- Latin for 'plentiful land'. A white Christian nation under Yahweh.

The 'divorce' is now over, but we are in a 'dating period' with Yahshua Christ. By law, a husband has to die in order for a woman to remarry. The same goes for Yahweh and His people. That is why Christ died, so that we can be remarried through Yahshua Christ to Yahweh.

When we do not follow The Way (Christianity), we are a cheating member (EDAH), and cannot be joined with the body (QAHAL-ECCLESIA) of Christ.


Romans 16:1  I commend unto you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church (G1577-ecclesia) which is at Cenchrea:

The Greek: 2  That you shall receive her hospitably, worthily of the saints in the Prince, and that you provide for her in whatever matter needed of you; indeed she also has been a patroness of many, even of me myself.

 16:3  Greet Priscilla and Aquila my helpers in Christ Jesus:

Romans 16:4  Who have for my life laid down their own necks: unto whom not only I give thanks, but also all the churches (G1577-ecclesia) of the Gentiles (dispersed Nations of Israel).

Romans 16:5  Likewise greet the church (G1577-ecclesia) that is in their house. Salute my wellbeloved Epaenetus, who is the firstfruits of Achaia unto Christ.

Back then there were not churches like today. People congregated in assembly halls, courts, theaters, homes, riversides, etc.

And in verse 5, a church cannot be inside a house, but an assembly or congregation can.

The ecclesia is the body (QAHAL) of members (EDAH).

Romans 16:16  Salute one another with an holy kiss. The churches (G1577-ecclesia) of Christ salute you.

Romans 16:23  Gaius mine host, and of the whole church (G1577-ecclesia), saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.

The whole body of followers salute you.


1Corinthians 1:2  Unto the church (G1577-ecclesia) of God which is at Corinth, to them that are sanctified in Christ Jesus, called to be saints, with all that in every place call upon the name of Jesus Christ our Prince, both theirs and ours:

'to be' is in italics, meaning the KJV translators added it.  

These are 'called saints'. A saint is a law abiding child of Israel. Isaac was dedicated to Yahweh and his seed was the anointed, called out, set apart children of Jacob/Israel.

In verse 2, instead of “ upon the name...” The original Greek reads: calling themselves by the name..., showing that the seed of Abraham is the sanctified (holy), called out people. Called out from what? From everyone else. The bible is about the generations (race) of Adam.

1Corinthians 4:17  For this cause have I sent unto you Timotheus, who is my beloved son, and faithful in the Prince, who shall bring you into remembrance of my ways which be in Christ, as I teach every where in every church (G1577-ecclesia).

In every assembled body of followers. Not every building called a “church”.

1Corinthians 6:4  If then ye have judgments of things pertaining to this life, set them to judge who are least esteemed in the church (G1577-ecclesia).

The most humble of the body (ecclesia-QAHAL) should be judges or examiners.


1Corinthians 7:17  But as God hath distributed to every man, as the Prince hath called every one, so let him walk. And so ordain (prescribe) I in all churches (G1577-ecclesia- congregational bodies).

Verses 12-17 is about spouses with different beliefs. Paul is saying that as long as your spouse is not a burden to your faith, hold out hope that they may come around.


1Corinthians 10:14  Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.

 10:15  I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say.

 10:16  The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?

 10:17  For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of (belonging to) that one bread.

 10:18  Behold Israel after the flesh (genetic brethren): are not they (pagans) which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?

 10:19  What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?

 10:20  But I say, that the things which the Gentiles (dispersed Nations of Israel) sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.

The Nations here are the dispersed tribes of Israel who forgot or did not have the law and were pagan.

Deuteronomy 32:17  They sacrificed unto devils, not to God; to gods whom they knew not, to new gods that came newly up, whom your fathers feared not.

 10:21  Ye cannot drink the cup of the Prince, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of  (belonging to) the Prince's table, and of the table of devils.

2Corinthians 6:15  And what concord hath Christ with Belial? or what part hath he that believeth with an infidel?

 10:22  Do we provoke the Prince to jealousy? are we stronger than He?

Deuteronomy 32:21  They have moved Me to jealousy with that which is not God; they have provoked Me to anger with their vanities: and I will move them to jealousy with those which are not a people; I will provoke them to anger with a foolish nation.

Ezekiel 22:14  Can thine heart endure, or can thine hands be strong, in the days (the 'divorce') that I shall deal with thee? I Yahweh have spoken it, and will do it. (and He did)

 10:23  All things are lawful (possible) for me, but all things are not expedient (profitable): all things are lawful (possible) for me, but all things edify (build) not.

We can't be members (EDAH) of an obedient body (QAHAL-ECCLESIA) if we are not following The Way. An obedient member edifies the body, a disobedient member destroys the body.

We can't follow Christ, “go to church on Sunday”, AND follow the world (or society) Monday through Saturday.


1Corinthians 10:32  Give none offence, neither to the Judaeans, nor to the Gentiles (Greeks), nor to the church (G1577-ecclesia) of God:

The context of chapter 10 is about eating foods sacrificed to idols. Unless you owned a farm, you bought your meat at the market, which was attached to the temple, which sacrificed to pagan gods. Some people would not eat meat sacrificed to idols, others did. Paul was saying to respect each others beliefs, so long as they did not partake in the sacrifice and eat it at the temple. Just buy your meat, take it home, pray over it, and eat it.


1Corinthians 11:16  But if any man seem to be contentious, we have no such custom, neither the churches (G1577-ecclesia) of God.

 11:17  Now in this that I declare unto you I praise you not, that ye come together not for the better, but for the worse.

They were coming together to argue, not for fellowship and edification.

1Corinthians 11:18  For first of all, when ye come together in the church (G1577-ecclesia), I hear that there be divisions among you; and I partly believe it.

 11:19  For there must be also heresies (sects) among you, that they which are approved may be made manifest among you.

A sect is created by division. Look how many divisions in denominations today. Do you think Yahweh intended for man to shun the scriptures and create his own gospel? Every denomination is a division. A division of what? A separation from Our Father. None of them can claim that they are the truth.

 11:20  When ye come together therefore into one place, this is not to eat the supper of the Prince.

 11:21  For in eating every one taketh beforehand his own supper: and one is hungry, and another is drunken.

1Corinthians 11:22  What? have ye not houses to eat and to drink in? or despise ye the church (G1577-ecclesia) of God, and shame them that have not? What shall I say to you? shall I praise you in this? I praise you not.

“Church”, correctly the assembly, is not a social event. You can be social in other settings. Assembling is about teaching, learning, studying and worshiping Yahweh.


In chapter 12 Paul explains the body and the members perfectly.

1Corinthians 12:4  Now there are diversities of gifts, but the same Spirit.

Paul is saying that every Israelite has different gifts, but the same Spirit. (DNA)

 12:5  And there are differences (diversities) of administrations (services), but the same Prince.

 12:6  And there are diversities of operations, but it is the same God which worketh all in all.

Ephesians 1:23  Which is His body, the fulness of Him that filleth all in all.

The “church” is not the body. The 'ecclessia' is the body, the people, the 'called out' assembly of the children of Israel. It's the people. Each person is a member of the group, the body.

 12:7  But the manifestation of the Spirit is given to every man to profit withal.

 12:8  For to one is given by the Spirit the word of wisdom; to another the word of knowledge by the same Spirit;

 12:9  To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;

 12:10  To another the working of miracles; to another prophecy (interpreter of prophecy); to another discerning of spirits; to another divers kinds of tongues (languages); to another the interpretation of tongues (languages):

 12:11  But all these worketh that one and the selfsame Spirit, dividing to every man severally as He will.

 12:12  For as the body is one, and hath many members, and all the members of that one body, being many, are one body: so also is Christ.

The last 'is' is italicized. It was added by the translators. They also did not translate Christ correctly. 'Christos' means anointed. The context reveals whether it's either the Anointed Christ, or the Anointed people (the descendants of Jacob).

The context is referring to the people, the Anointed group. The last part of verse 12 should read, 'so also the Anointed.' The Anointed people are the body. In the OT, as demonstrated, is the QAHAL, and in the NT, this word is translated as ECCLESIA.

 12:13  For by one Spirit are we all baptized (immersed) into one body, whether we be Judaeans or Greeks, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.

The Israelites near and far. Judaeans (near), and the Greeks (far)(as well as other Israelites all over the Greco-Roman world).  Israelites everywhere are members (kinsman) of the whole.

 12:14  For the body is not one member, but many.

 12:15  If the foot shall say, Because I am not the hand, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?

 12:16  And if the ear shall say, Because I am not the eye, I am not of the body; is it therefore not of the body?

 12:17  If the whole body were an eye, where were the hearing? If the whole were hearing, where were the smelling?

 12:18  But now hath God set the members every one of them in the body, as it hath pleased Him.

 12:19  And if they were all one member, where were the body?

 12:20  But now are they many members, yet but one body.

 12:21  And the eye cannot say unto the hand, I have no need of thee: nor again the head to the feet, I have no need of you.

 12:22  Nay, much more those members of the body, which seem to be more feeble (without strength), are necessary:

 12:23  And those members of the body, which we think to be less honourable, upon these we bestow more abundant honour; and our uncomely parts have more abundant comeliness.

 12:24  For our comely parts have no need: but God hath tempered the body together, having given more abundant honour to that part which lacked:

 12:25  That there should be no schism in the body; but that the members should have the same care one for another. Brotherly love.

 12:26  And whether one member suffer, all the members suffer with it; or one member be honoured, all the members rejoice with it.

 12:27  Now ye are the body of Christ, and members in particular.

The Greek: 27 So then, you are an Anointed body, and members by destiny.

Paul is preaching that the Judaeans (near) and the dispersed Nations (far) are of one body. Each Israelite individual is a specific part, and has their part. Each is important to the whole. We are to unite as a group, a body, and care for each other as part of the group or body.

 12:28  And God hath set some in the church (G1577-ecclesia), first apostles, secondarily prophets, thirdly teachers, after that miracles, then gifts of healings, helps, governments, diversities of tongues.

The Greek: 28 And while Yahweh places these in the assembly: firstly ambassadors, secondly interpreters of prophecy, thirdly teachers, after that those with abilities, then gifts of the means of healing, supports, guides, sorts of languages.

 12:29  Are all apostles? are all prophets (interpreters of prophecy)? are all teachers? are all workers of miracles?

 12:30  Have all the gifts of healing? do all speak with tongues (languages)? do all interpret?

 12:31  But covet earnestly the best gifts: and yet shew I unto you a more excellent way.

The 'called out' obedient body is the ECCLESIA in the NT, and the QAHAL in the OT.

The members, and groups within the community in the OT were the EDAH.

In the NT the groups (assemblies) within the community that were apostate are the synagogues, which, as shown by Christ's statements, are led astray by false preachers and false doctrine. These groups are no different than today's denominations and “churches”.


1Corinthians 14:4  He that speaketh in an unknown tongue edifieth himself; but he that prophesieth edifieth the church (G1577-ecclesia).

The Greek: 4 He speaking in a language builds himself, but he interpreting prophecy builds the assembly.

1Corinthians 14:5  I would that ye all spake with tongues (languages), but rather that ye prophesied (interpret prophecy): for greater is he that prophesieth (interprets prophecy) than he that speaketh with tongues (languages), except he interpret (publicly), that the church (G1577-ecclesia-assembly) may receive edifying (building).

How would you edify the body (assembly-ECCLESIA-QAHAL) if they couldn't understand you?

1Corinthians 14:12  Even so ye, forasmuch as ye are zealous of spiritual gifts, seek that ye may excel to the edifying of the church (G1577-ecclesia).

 14:18  I thank my God, I speak with tongues more than ye all:

Paul is thankful that Yahweh blessed him with the ability to speak Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek.

1Corinthians 14:19  Yet in the church (G1577-ecclesia) I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that by my voice I might teach others also, than ten thousand words in an unknown tongue.

1Corinthians 14:23  If therefore the whole church (G1577-ecclesia) be come together into one place, and all speak with tongues, and there come in those that are unlearned, or unbelievers, will they not say that ye are mad?

If you are speaking jibberish, you build up yourself. If you speak in a language people can understand, you build the kingdom.

Those that speak that jibberish and claim that it is from God are lying. For if Yahweh blesses you with knowledge and the ability of “tongues”, you should be able to interpret and explain with understanding to others. What good is jibberish if it's not understood?

1Corinthians 14:28  But if there be no interpreter, let him keep silence in the church (G1577-ecclesia); and let him speak to himself, and to God.

If no one can speak your language in the assembly, be quiet.

1Corinthians 14:33  For God is not the author of confusion, but of peace, as in all churches (G1577-ecclesia) of the saints.

Today's denominations are the confusion, and because of men, not Yahweh.

1Corinthians 14:34  Let your women keep silence in the churches (G1577-ecclesia): for it is not permitted unto them to speak; but they are commanded to be under obedience, as also saith the law.

1Corinthians 14:35  And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church (G1577-ecclesia).

1Timothy 2:11-12

11  Let the woman learn in silence with all subjection.

12  But I suffer not a woman to teach, nor to usurp authority over the man, but to be in silence.

 14:35  And if they will learn any thing, let them ask their husbands at home: for it is a shame for women to speak in the church (assembly).

Speaking of women speaking out of turn and the chattering of gossip in the assemblies. While it is evident in scripture that some women prophesy, teach, and even preach when there is a void of men, these verses are referring to socializing in the congregation or during a sermon, and if they miss something or don't understand, they must ask their husbands when they get home, as to not be a disruption.

Many assemblies were in women's houses.


1Corinthians 15:9  For I am the least of the apostles, that am not meet (fit) to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church (G1577-ecclesia) of God.

Paul used to persecute the assemblies of his own kinsman. Paul was against the Ecclesia of Yahweh. He was against the Qahal of Yahweh. He was against the members and body of Christ.


1Corinthians 16:1  Now concerning the collection for the saints, as I have given order to the churches (G1577-ecclesia) of Galatia, even so do ye.

Paul never took money. He was cared for. He was not telling them to give him money, but to put aside a contribution for the poor in Jerusalem.

1Corinthians 16:19  The churches of Asia salute you. Aquila and Priscilla salute you much in the Prince, with the church (G1577-ecclesia) that is in their house.

The assembly of the body in their house. The body is the ecclesia, the ecclesia is the same as the qahal.


2Corinthians 1:1  Paul, an apostle of Jesus Christ by the will of God, and Timothy our brother, unto the church (G1577-ecclesia) of God which is at Corinth, with all the saints which are in all Achaia:

'Saint's' are those of the children of Jacob/Israel. The ecclesia of God in Corinth was the assembly of the body. The QAHAL.

2Corinthians 8:1  Moreover, brethren, we do you to wit of the grace of God bestowed on the churches (G1577-ecclesia) of Macedonia;

The QAHAL-ECCLESIA-assembled bodies of Macedonia.

2Corinthians 8:18  And we have sent with him the brother, whose praise is in the gospel throughout all the churches (G1577-ecclesia);

2Corinthians 8:19  And not that only, but who was also chosen of the churches (G1577-ecclesia) to travel with us with this grace, which is administered by us to the glory of the same Prince, and declaration of your ready mind:

 8:20  Avoiding this, that no man should blame us in this abundance which is administered by us:

Paul did not take money. And never asked for money. He wanted to remain above reproach.

The assembly (ecclesia) handpicked from their own congregation the deliverer of the donations.

Tithing in today's churches is actually NOT scriptural. You won't find it anywhere. Jesus spoke of tithing only twice, and it was in reference to the hypocrisy of the religious sects. The few other times, it's used in the OT and is not in reference to money. Tithing was most likely started by the Catholics.

The assemblies were supported by the congregation, but not like today's clerical order.

2Corinthians 8:23  Whether any do enquire of Titus, he is my partner and fellowhelper concerning you: or our brethren be enquired of, they are the messengers of the churches (G1577-ecclesia), and the glory of Christ.

2Corinthians 8:24  Wherefore shew ye to them, and before the churches (G1577-ecclesia), the proof of your love, and of our boasting on your behalf.

The Corinthians were a success story for Paul, he praised them and encouraged them to remain a positive example worthy of boasting about.


2Corinthians 11:8  I robbed other churches (G1577-ecclesia), taking wages of them, to do you service.

The Macedonians contributed money to Paul for him to visit the other assemblies.


2Corinthians 11:26  In journeyings often, in perils of waters, in perils of robbers, in perils by mine own countrymen, in perils by the heathen, in perils in the city, in perils in the wilderness, in perils in the sea, in perils among false brethren; (Acts 9:23)

 11:27  In weariness and painfulness, in watchings often, in hunger and thirst, in fastings often, in cold and nakedness.

2Corinthians 11:28  Beside those things that are without (external), that which cometh upon me daily, the care of all the churches (G1577-ecclesia) .

Paul is weak just like everybody else.

When he sees false doctrine spread, he is angry.


2Corinthians 12:13  For what is it wherein ye were inferior to other churches (G1577-ecclesia), except it be that I myself was not burdensome to you? forgive me this wrong.

Paul was being sarcastic. They would have been offended if he did not accept their gratuity.


Galatians 1:2  And all the brethren which are with me, unto the churches (G1577-ecclesia) of Galatia:

The assemblies of the body (QAHAL) of Galatia.

Galatians 1:13  For ye have heard of my conversation (conduct) in time past in the Judaeans' religion, how that beyond measure I persecuted the church (G1577-ecclesia) of God, and wasted it:

Galatians 1:22  And was unknown by face (appearance) unto the churches (G1577-ecclesia) of Judaea which were in Christ:

 1:23  But they had heard only, That he which persecuted us in times past now preacheth the faith which once he destroyed.

Paul was a true convert. They knew he used to persecute them, but now he has Yahweh in him.


Ephesians 1:22  And hath put all things under his feet, and gave him to be the head over all things to the church (G1577-ecclesia-assembly, congregation, group of the Anointed- the QAHAL),

 1:23  Which is His body, the fulness of Him that filleth all in all.

The Greek: 23  Which is His body,'the fulfillment of that which all things in all are being fulfilled.'


Ephesians 3:10  To the intent that now unto the principalities and powers in heavenly places might be known by the church (G1577-ecclesia) the manifold wisdom of God,

The “church” is not the dispenser of wisdom. An institutionalized clerical hierarchy is not the subject here. The original Greek clarifies, as usual.

10 In order that the exceedingly intricate wisdom of Yahweh would now become known to the realms and to the authorities in heavenly places through the assembly (the people).

If the “churches” are doing a good thing, and there are more now than ever, why is the world in the worst shape ever? Because our “churches” are not Christianity, they are Judaism.

Ephesians 3:21  Unto him be glory in the church (G1577-ecclesia) by (and in) Christ Jesus throughout all ages (generations), world without end. Amen.


Ephesians 4:12  For the perfecting (restoration) of the saints, for the work of the ministry, for the edifying of the body of Christ:

Saints- the 'called out' seed of Abraham.

The “churches” teach that anybody who “believes” becomes a saint. But that is not what scripture teaches.

 4:13  Till we all come in the unity of the faith, and of the knowledge of the Son of God, unto a perfect man, unto the measure of the stature of the fulness of Christ:

The Greek: 13  until we all would attain to the unity of the faith and of the acknowledgment of the Son of Yahweh, at man perfected, at the measure of the stature of the fullness of the Anointed (the group);

Colossians 2:2  That their hearts might be comforted, being knit together in love, and unto all riches of the full assurance of understanding, to the acknowledgement of the mystery of God, and of the Father, and of Christ;

 4:14  That we henceforth be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men, and cunning craftiness, whereby they lie in wait to deceive;

Systemized deception. You may not get it yet, but this is speaking of today's “churches”.

Isaiah 28:9  Whom shall he teach knowledge? and whom shall he make to understand doctrine? them that are weaned from the milk, and drawn from the breasts.

Pulled away from the milk of the word.

Obviously we are still being deceived. Millions in “church”, learning about every wind of doctrine of men, a Jewish Jesus, the “rapture”, that you are a “gentile”, and that the law was “done away with”, “just believe” and “once saved always saved”. And the self declaration of “I'm saved”. None of which is scriptural.

 4:15  But speaking the truth in love, may grow up into him in all things, which is the head, Christ:

 4:16  From whom the whole body fitly joined together and compacted by that which every joint supplieth, according to the effectual working in the measure of every part, maketh increase of the body unto the edifying of itself in love.

The Greek: 16  From whom all the body is being joined together and is being reconciled through every stroke of assistance according to the operation of each single part in proportion; the growth of the body creates itself into a building in love.

If we all practice perfecting ourselves to the best of our abilities to His example, then the whole body gets elevated.


Ephesians 5:23  For the husband is the head of the wife, even as Christ is the head of the church (G1577-ecclesia): and he is the saviour (deliverer) of the body.

Why didn't they translate the last word of verse 23 as “church”? Because the “church” is not the body.

Ephesians 5:24  Therefore as the church (G1577-ecclesia) is subject unto Christ, so let the wives be to their own husbands in every thing.

Ephesians 5:25  Husbands, love your wives, even as Christ also loved the church (G1577-ecclesia), and gave himself for it;

Christ gave himself for His people (the body-ECCLESIA-QAHAL), not some physical “church”.

 5:26  That He might sanctify and cleanse it with the washing of water by the word,

John 15:3  Now ye are clean through the word which I have spoken unto you.

Ephesians 5:27  That He might present it to Himself a glorious church (G1577-ecclesia), not having spot, or wrinkle, or any such thing; but that it should be holy (set apart) and without blemish (blame).

Colossians 1:22  In the body of His flesh through death, to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in His sight:  Christ died for His people, His race.

Song of Solomon 4:7  Thou art all fair, my love; there is no spot in thee.

'Fair' is a description. An unmixed Anglo-Saxon is fair. Unblemished refers to unmixed. Holy.

 5:28  So ought men to love their wives as their own bodies. He that loveth his wife loveth himself.

Ephesians 5:29  For no man ever yet hated his own flesh; but nourisheth and cherisheth it, even as the Prince the church (G1577-ecclesia):

 5:30  For we are members of His body, of His flesh, and of His bones.

DNA. We are talking about kind after kind. The seed of Abraham. A particular race according to the flesh. Called, chosen, set apart, a peculiar people, the only family He has known.  

 5:31  For this cause shall a man leave his father and mother, and shall be joined unto his wife, and they two shall be one flesh.

Ephesians 5:32  This is a great mystery: but I speak concerning Christ and the church (G1577-ecclesia).

You can't know the mystery if you don't know the history. The Bible is the history of our race, Yahweh's ecclesia on earth. Christ doesn't have a “church”, He has a body of 'called out' kinsmen.


Paul was raised a Pharisee. He followed the letter of the law as it was understood at that time, under the influence of the Edomite Jew scribes and Pharisees. They boasted that they followed the law, or what was then the 'the traditions of men'. The law of Moses, altered and perverted.

 3:5  Circumcised the eighth day, of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching (concerning) the law, a Pharisee;

Philippians 3:6  Concerning zeal, persecuting the church (G1577-ecclesia); touching the righteousness which is in the law, blameless.

 3:7  But what things were gain to me, those I counted loss for Christ.

The Greek: 7  The things that were gain to me, these I have regarded as loss on account of the Anointed (the group).

Paul as a Pharisee, thought he was doing right by persecuting the assemblies. Those he destroyed were a gain, but since his conversion, he now counts them for a loss among the 'saints'.

Matthew 13:44  Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field.

Paul was 'all in' when his eyes were opened.


Philippians 4:15  Now ye Philippians know also, that in the beginning of the gospel, when I departed from Macedonia, no church (G1577-ecclesia) communicated with me as concerning giving and receiving, but ye only.

 4:16  For even in Thessalonica ye sent once and again unto my necessity.


Colossians 1:18  And He (Christ) is the head of the body, the church (G1577-ecclesia): who is the beginning, the firstborn from the dead; that in all things He might have the preeminence.

Preeminence: to be first (in rank or influence), hold the first place.

Christ is the head of His people, not a “church” with a mixed multitude of people.

 1:23  If ye continue in the faith grounded and settled, and be not moved away from the hope of the gospel, which ye have heard, and which was preached to every creature (creation) which is under heaven; whereof I Paul am made a minister;

Paul is saying stay grounded in the OT and settled in the gospel that has been circulating since the crucifixion. (Luke 1:1-4)

Colossians 1:24  Who (I, Paul) now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for His body's sake, which is the church (G1577-ecclesia):

Nobody can suffer on Christ's behalf. Paul suffered on behalf of the Anointed (group, seed of Isaac),  who are the assemblies, the 'saints'. (Eph 3:13)

Christ in verse 24 should be the Anointed, meaning His people, the ECCLESIA, the QAHAL.

The Greek: 24  Now, I rejoice in these sufferings on your behalf, and I substitute for those deficiencies of the afflictions of the Anointed (the group) with my flesh on behalf of the body itself, which is the assembly;

 1:25  Whereof I am made a minister, according to the dispensation (administration of the household) of God which is given to me for you, to fulfil the word of God;  (Gal 2:7)

 1:26  Even the mystery which hath been hid from ages and from generations, but now is made manifest to His saints:

The Greek: 26  the mystery which has been concealed from the ages and from the races, but now has been made visible to His saints,

The word 'generations' comes from 'genos' which means races.

The mystery was 'who the Israelites were'. Because of the captivity and dispersion of the House of Israel (the 10 northern tribes), both houses (Israel and Judah) forgot or lost their heritage and kinship to each other. The gospel is a reminder to the descendants of Israel near and far of their kinship, covenants, promises, laws, heritage and fulfillment of prophecies.

This is still happening today, the truth is a mystery, because our people do not know the history, and that we are the sons of Jacob. The Jews are the sons of Cain and of Esau.


Colossians 4:15  Salute the brethren which are in Laodicea, and Nymphas, and the church (G1577-ecclesia) which is in his house.

Colossians 4:16  And when this epistle is read among you, cause that it be read also in the church (G1577-ecclesia) of the Laodiceans; and that ye likewise read the epistle from Laodicea.

The “church” which is in his house? No, the assembly of the body in his house. The people, the Anointed 'called out' seed of Jacob/Israel.


1Thessalonians 1:1  Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church (G1577-ecclesia) of the Thessalonians which is in God the Father and in the Prince Jesus Christ: Grace be unto you, and peace, from God our Father, and the Prince Jesus Christ.

The assembly of Thessalonica, the gathered body of obedient Israelites. The ECCLESIA. The QAHAL.

1Thessalonians 2:14  For ye, brethren, became followers (imitators) of the churches (G1577-ecclesia) of God which in Judaea are in Christ Jesus: for ye also have suffered like things of your own countrymen, even as they have of the Jews (Judaeans):

The 'Judaeans' spoken of here are referring to the Edomite scribes and Pharisees. The children of the Devil (John 8:44). The infiltrators of the priesthood. Corrupting the law of Moses into the 'traditions of men' (Judaism). This also included those Israelites in Judaea that were deceived and followed Edom. These Jews and deceived Israelites persecuted the assemblies and gatherings of the ECCLESIA-QAHAL.

 2:15  Who both killed (murdered) the Prince Jesus, and their own (the) prophets, and have persecuted us; and they please not God, and are contrary to all men:

The KJV has “their own prophets”. This was added by the translators to support the lie that the Jews are Israel. It is not in the older texts. The first appearance of 'their own' is in the 6th or 7th century revision of the 5th century codex Bezae.


2Thessalonians 1:1  Paul, and Silvanus, and Timotheus, unto the church (G1577-ecclesia) of the Thessalonians in God our Father and the Prince Jesus Christ:

Unto the QAHAL of the Thessalonians. The ECCLESIA of the Thessalonians. The gathered body of 'the called out' Israelites.

2Thessalonians 1:4  So that we ourselves glory (boast) in you in the churches (G1577-ecclesia) of God for your patience (endurance) and faith (allegiance) in all your persecutions and tribulations that ye endure:

The Thessalonian assemblies were worthy of boasting about because of their endurance and allegiance to Christ.

While the synagogues were teaching the doctrines of men, the gathered assemblies were continuing in the doctrine of Christ, and being persecuted for it.


1Timothy 3:5  (For if a man know not how to rule his own house, how shall he take care of the church (G1577-ecclesia) of God?)

1Timothy 3:15  But if I tarry long, that you mayest know how you oughtest to behave thyself in the house of God, which is the church (G1577-ecclesia) of the living God, the pillar and ground of the truth.

If a man cannot keep his family in order, how can he take care of an assembly of the QAHAL.

The house of God is our bodies, when we obey and follow Him, we are a pillar (support) and ground (foundation) of the truth. Just like Peter was a stone laid upon the foundation of truth. Each member is a part of the whole.

The house of God is not a building.

1Timothy 5:16  If any man or woman that believeth have widows, let them relieve them, and let not the church (G1577-ecclesia) be charged; that it may relieve them that are widows indeed.

The Greek: 16  If anyone faithful keeps widows, they must assist them and not burden the assembly, in order that it may assist those who are really widows.

In other words, those that house widows must support them, not the congregants of the QAHAL. This way the QAHAL can support those widows that do not have a home.


Philemon 1:2  And to our beloved Apphia, and Archippus our fellowsoldier, and to the church (G1577-ecclesia) in your house:

Another “church” in a house. Or maybe it is an assembly place for the ECCLESIA-QAHAL-BODY.


Hebrews 2:11  For both He that sanctifieth and they who are sanctified are all of (sprung from) one (Adam): for which cause He is not ashamed to call them brethren,

Christ is our brother. We are related. The Bible is a history book of a genetic family.

Christ came in the flesh of the race of Adam, through the seed of Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and in the lineage of Jacob's son Judah. Our literal brethren, kin. Hence, Kinsman Redeemer.

Hebrews 2:12  Saying, I will declare Your name unto my brethren, in the midst of the church (G1577-ecclesia) will I sing praise unto you.

Not sing praise in the midst of a multi-racial group of mixed peoples in some building claiming to be teaching Christianity.

Singing praise among the group of 'called-out' brethren. The ECCLESIA. The QAHAL. The body.

Psalm 22:22  I will declare thy name unto my brethren: in the midst of the congregation (QAHAL) will I praise thee.

The same word, QAHAL, translated into Greek as ECCLESIA in the NT.


Hebrews 12:23  To the general assembly and church (G1577-ecclesia) of the firstborn, which are written in heaven, and to God the Judge of all, and to the spirits of just men made perfect,

To the mass meeting and gathering of the body of the firstborn.

Everyone in a “church” is not a begotten child of the race of Adam. And “just believing” does not make one a begotten child of God's. You cannot become an Israelite. You are either a descendant of Jacob, or you are not. If you are, you are a member of the body.


James 2:2  For if there come unto your assembly (G4864-synagogue) a man with a gold ring, in goodly apparel, and there come in also a poor man in vile (cheap) raiment;

 2:3  And ye have respect to him that weareth the gay clothing, and say unto him, Sit thou here in a good place; and say to the poor, Stand thou there, or sit here under my footstool:

 2:4  Are ye not then partial in yourselves, and are become judges of evil thoughts?

The Greek: 4  Have you not made a distinction among yourselves and become judges of evil reasonings?

This kind of partiality will happen in a synagogue, but not an ECCLESIA.


James 5:14  Is any sick among you? let him call for the elders of the church (G1577-ecclesia); and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Prince:

The beginning of verse 14 should not be a question. It should read 'Any sick among you must summon the elders...'

 5:15  And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Prince shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him.  (Is 33:24)

 5:16  Confess (acknowledge) your faults one to another, and pray one for another, that ye may be healed. The effectual fervent prayer of a righteous man availeth much.  (Num 11:2)

John 9:31  Now we know that God heareth not sinners: but if any man be a worshipper of God, and doeth His will, him He heareth.

After confessing and acknowledging sin, one shall be forgiven. Then when they do His will, Yahweh will hear and heal.

But the “churches” teach the law was “done away with” and all you have to do is “just believe” and wait for the “rapture”. That is not doing His will. This is not worshiping Him. That is why the “churches” are ignorant and lacking knowledge and understanding, and why so many people are sick!


3John 1:6  Which have borne witness of your charity (love) before the church (G1577-ecclesia): whom if you bring forward on their journey after a godly sort, you shalt do well:

3John 1:9  I wrote unto the church (G1577-ecclesia): but Diotrephes, who loveth to have the preeminence among them, receiveth us not.

3John 1:10  Wherefore, if I come, I will remember his deeds which he doeth, prating against us with malicious words: and not content therewith, neither doth he himself receive the brethren, and forbiddeth them that would, and casteth them out of the church (G1577-ecclesia).

Diotrephes was obviously not righteous. He may have been an Edomite infiltrator.


Revelation 1:4  John to the seven churches (G1577-ecclesia) which are in Asia: Grace be unto you, and peace, from Him which is, and which was, and which is to come; and from the seven Spirits which are before His throne;

The message being to “the seven assemblies”, meaning specific assemblies, there were more than seven assemblies in the Christian world at this time, but these seven are being singled out for examples. They also represent the “church” ages from the time of John until the return of Christ. We are in the seventh age. The last one.

Revelation 1:11  Saying, I am Alpha and Omega, the first and the last: and, What you seest, write in a book, and send it unto the seven churches (G1577-ecclesia) which are in Asia; unto Ephesus, and unto Smyrna, and unto Pergamos, and unto Thyatira, and unto Sardis, and unto Philadelphia, and unto Laodicea.

Revelation 1:20  The mystery of the seven stars which you sawest in my right hand, and the seven golden candlesticks (lampstands). The seven stars are the angels of the seven churches (G1577-ecclesia): and the seven candlesticks (lampstands) which you sawest are the seven churches.

The 7 Stars are Messengers

The 7 Lampstands represent the Assemblies

Each city named was representative of a stage in the total history of the Christian “church” from the time of Yahshua to His eventual return.

Revelation 2:1  Unto the angel of the church (G1577-ecclesia) of Ephesus write; These things saith he that holdeth the seven stars in his right hand, who walketh in the midst of the seven golden candlesticks (lampstands);

Revelation 2:7  He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches (G1577-ecclesia); To him that overcometh (prevails) will I give to eat of the tree of life, which is in the midst of the paradise of God.

Revelation 2:8  And unto the angel of the church (G1577-ecclesia) in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

Revelation 2:9  I know your works, and tribulation, and poverty, (but you art rich) and I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews (Judaeans), and are not, but are the synagogue (G4864) of Satan.

The Jews claim they are Israelites, but are not. They are descendants of Cain and of Esau, the children of Satan. History, genetics, and scripture easily prove this.

Revelation 2:11  He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches (G1577-ecclesia); He that overcometh shall not be hurt of the second death.

Revelation 2:12  And to the angel of the church (G1577-ecclesia) in Pergamos write; These things saith he which hath the sharp sword with two edges;

Revelation 2:17  He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches (G1577-ecclesia); To him that overcometh will I give to eat of the hidden manna (truth), and will give him a white stone, and in the stone a new name written, which no man knoweth saving he that receiveth it.

Revelation 2:18  And unto the angel of the church (G1577-ecclesia) in Thyatira write; These things saith the Son of God, who hath his eyes like unto a flame of fire, and his feet are like fine brass;

Revelation 2:23  And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches (G1577-ecclesia) shall know that I am He which searcheth the reins and hearts: and I will give unto every one of you according to your works.

Revelation 2:29  He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches (G1577-ecclesia).

Revelation 3:1  And unto the angel of the church (G1577-ecclesia) in Sardis write; These things saith he that hath the seven Spirits of God, and the seven stars; I know your works, that you hast a name that you livest, and art dead.

Revelation 3:6  He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches (G1577-ecclesia).

Revelation 3:7  And to the angel of the church (G1577-ecclesia) in Philadelphia write; These things saith He that is holy, He that is true, He that hath the key of David, He that openeth, and no man shutteth; and shutteth, and no man openeth;

Revelation 3:9  Behold, I will make them of the synagogue (G4864) of Satan, which say they are Jews (Judaeans), and are not, but do lie; behold, I will make them to come and worship before your (true Israel's) feet, and to know that I have loved you (children of Jacob).

Revelation 3:13  He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches (G1577-ecclesia).

Revelation 3:14  And unto the angel of the church (G1577-ecclesia) of the Laodiceans write; These things saith the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the beginning of the creation of God;

Revelation 3:22  He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches (G1577-ecclesia).


Revelation 20:1  And I saw an angel (messenger) come down from heaven, having the key of the bottomless pit and a great chain in his hand.

 20:2  And he laid hold on the dragon, that old serpent, which is the Devil, and Satan, and bound him a thousand years,  

 20:3  And cast him into the bottomless pit, and shut him up, and set a seal upon him, that he should deceive the nations no more, till the thousand years should be fulfilled: and after that he must be loosed a little season.

The dragon, that serpent of old, is those who are of the assembly of the Adversary who claim to be Jews (Judah) and are not (Revelation 2:9, 3:9). These people are actually the Canaanite-Edomite Jews, all of those tribes being related as is evident in the Book of Genesis chapters 4, 10, 15 and 36, who infiltrated Judaea long before the first century BC (Ezekiel chapters 35 and 36, Malachi chapters 1 and 2, Luke 11:50-51, Romans 9, John 8:33-47, Revelation 12:4). When Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire, laws were passed against the Jews in the 4th and 5th centuries, which excoriated the Jew from Christian society. It became unlawful for Jews to hold any public office or military position, to hold Christian slaves, or to loan money to Christians at usury. From the time of Justinian Jews caught owning Christian slaves faced execution. Many Jews were therefore persuaded to leave the grounds of the Empire, and they migrated into Khazaria, Arabia and elsewhere.

In Medieval Europe those Jews who remained were forced to live in separate communities, but within those communities they were allowed their own laws. They existed in Europe as chattel property of the nobles, for the profit of the nobles. This is when it was fulfilled, as found in Revelation 3:9, that those who claim to be Judaeans and are not, Christ “shall make them (Jews) that they shall come and they shall worship before your (Israelites) feet”, as the Jews were forced to do for a thousand years before Christian nobles throughout Europe.

(Holy Roman Empire officially began in 800 AD, Charlamagne crowned, papacy had a tradition of crowning emperors for 1000yrs up to when Napoleon took crown from pope and crowned himself)(The Rothschild family (Jews) (5 sons) were heads of Banks in 5 countries,  Austria, Italy, Germany, France, Britain). They also own the Federal Reserve Bank.

The Jews and their usury and rascality were bound for a thousand years.

 20:4  And I saw thrones, and they sat upon them, and judgment was given unto them: and I saw the souls of them that were beheaded for the witness of Jesus, and for the word of God, and which had not worshipped the beast, neither his image, neither had received his mark upon their foreheads, or in their hands; and they lived and reigned with Christ a thousand years.

For a thousand years – for better or for worse – Christianity prevailed in Europe and Christian governance and was the general way of life.

 20:5  But the rest of the dead lived not again until the thousand years were finished. This is the first resurrection.

Verse 5 here contains only the words “This is the first restoration”.  Resurrection is not the correct word here.

The beginning of verse 5 is an addition to the manuscripts, which found its way into certain texts after the 9th century AD.  A catholic scribe and commentator, Andreas of Cesarea added it.

1st restoration-1800's, Industrial revolution, population explosion, technology, Christians, etc.

 20:6  Blessed and holy is he that hath part in the first resurrection (restoration): on such the second death hath no power, but they shall be priests of God and of Christ, and shall reign with Him a thousand years.

The Word certainly exploded and Christianity grew during the 1000 years. The Reformation.

 20:7  And when the thousand years are expired, Satan (the Adversary) shall be loosed out of his prison,

Revelation 20:8  And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.

This has already happened, and it is the very reason why all of the nations of the world are deceived and under the control of the international Jew today! This process began with the di Medici popes and the acceptance of usury by Christendom, and culminated when the Jew was finally emancipated in Europe, at the time of the French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte. Satan had surely been locked away, the Jews kept apart from Christians, for a thousand years. Now with his emancipation he was free to go out and deceive the nations with his cries for liberty, equality, and fraternity, which today have all the world's goat nations threatening the very existence of the White Christian race.

The Jews are Gog and they are of the synagogue of Satan.


Revelation 22:16  I Jesus have sent Mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches (G1577-ecclesia). I am the root and the offspring of David, and the bright and morning star.




Here is a good article further explaining:


Let us make it clear from the very beginning that the established religious system, which manifests itself in the abomination called "church", is NOT of God. We intend to make it very clear, by studying the Greek words found in the New Testament, that the pattern which God intends His people to follow and live by is the ECCLESIA system, and is RADICALLY different than that which calls itself "church" in our day. As you read this short study the truth will dawn on you that Christians today have been fed a LIE, and that they have been enslaved by the religious systems of men. If you truly love Jesus and desire to follow Him in total obedience then you must seriously consider the facts that follow. We encourage each and every person who names the name of Christ to PRAY, FAST AND SEEK GOD  concerning the important differences between how the first Christians lived and how Christians live today.


(The following information is from ACMTC Library and

Let's start by defining the word. "Church" comes from the Old English and German word pronounced "kirche." In Scotland, it was "kirk."

The following entries are from the Oxford Universal English Dictionary:

Church [Old English cirice, circe; Middle English chereche, chiriche, chirche; whencechurche, cherche, etc.: -Greek Kuriakon...]

Kirk The Northern English and Scottish form of CHURCH, in all its senses.

In the earlier Greek It was pronounced "ku-ri-a-kos" or "ku-ri-a-kon." As you can see, this word doesn't even resemble the Greek word "ecclesia" whose place it has usurped. The meaning of "Ku-ri-a-kos" is understood by its root: "Ku- ri-os," which means "lord." Thus,"kuriakos" (i.e., "church") means "pertaining to the lord." It refers to something that pertains to, or belongs to, a lord. The Greek "kuriakos" eventually came to be used in Old English form as "cirice" (Kee-ree-ke), then "churche" (kerke), and eventually "church" in its traditional pronunciation. A church, then, is correctly something that "pertains to, or belongs to, a lord."

Now, as you can see, there is a major problem here. The translators broke the rules in a big way. When they inserted the word "church" in the English versions, they were not translating the Greek word "kuriakos", as one might expect. Rather, they were substituting an entirely different Greek word. This was not honest! The word "church" would have been an acceptable translation for the Greek word "kuriakos." However, not by the wildest imagination of the most liberal translator can it ever be an acceptable translation for the Greek word "ecclesia." Are you following this? Consider it carefully. This truth will answer many questions you've had about churches, and the kingdom.

"Ecclesia" is an entirely different word with an entirely different meaning than "kuriakos." In fact, the Greek word "kuriakos" appears in the New Testament only twice. It is found once in I Corinthians 11:20 where it refers to "the Lord's supper," and once again in Revelation 1:10 where it refers to "the Lord's day." In both of those cases, it is translated the Lord's..." - not"church." This word 'kuriakos' does not appear again in the New Testament. Nonetheless, this is the unlikely and strange history of the word "church" as it came to the English language. Eventually, through the manipulation of organized religion "church" came to replace "ecclesia" by popular acceptance. Again, we must emphasize the importance of knowing word meanings in order to know the intent of those who wrote the Scriptures.


Now, let's look at the word, "ecclesia". This Greek word appears in the New Testament approximately 115 times. That's just in this one grammatical form. It appears also in other forms. And in every instance, except three, it is wrongly translated as "church" in the King James Version. Those three exceptions are found in Acts 19:32, 39, 41. In these instances the translators rendered it "assembly" instead of "church." But, the Greek word is exactly the same as the other 112 entries where it was changed to "church" wrongly.

In Acts 19, "ecclesia" is a town council: a civil body in Ephesus. Thus, the translators were forced to abandon their fake translation in these three instances. Nonetheless, 112 times they changed it to "church." This fact has been covered-up under centuries of misuse and ignorance. The Greek word "ecclesia" is correctly defined as: "The called-out (ones)" [ECC = out; KALEO = call]. Thus, you can see how this word was used to indicate a civil body of select (called, elected) people.

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica:

In the New Testament, "ecclesia" (signifying convocation) is the only single word used for church. It (ecclesia) was the name given to the governmental assembly of the city of Athens, duly convoked (called out) by proper officers and possessing all political power including even juridical functions.

Obviously, in Greece an ecclesia had no resemblance to a church. An "ecclesia" was a civil assembly in Athens even before the writing of the New Testament. In the Oxford Universal English Dictionary (considered the standard for the English language) the word "ecclesia" is listed in its English form as used by our English forefathers. (Nowadays, only forms of the word appear – like, "ecclesiastical").

Quoting from the Oxford Universal English Dictionary on the word "ecclesia":

Ecclesia [mediaeval Latin, and Greek - from : SUMMONED] -A regularly convoked assembly,especially the general assembly of Athenians. Later, the regular word for church.

Thus, two of the most prestigious word resources in the English language confirm the fact that an "ecclesia" was originally a select civil body, summoned or convoked for a particular purpose. What, then, did the writers of the New Testament mean when they used the word "ecclesia" to describe a Christian body of people? We can assume that they intended to convey the original Greek meaning of the word: a body of Christians called out of the Roman and Judaean system to come together into a separate civil community. It meant a politically autonomous body of Christians under no king but Jesus; under no other jurisdiction but that of Jesus. No man ruled them! Only Christ. And that was the reason these same Christians ran into trouble with kings and rulers; were arrested, crucified and martyred. They dropped Caesar as their King and took up Christ.

In Acts 17, verses 1-6 we see that Paul and Silas had a reputation that preceded them. They were "turning the world (system) upside down." What was their inflaming message? Were they telling the people to find a minister and support him; go to church every weekend; be nice to their neighbors? Could this have been the message that set the city fathers against them? Or maybe they were asking people to send their tithes to them so they could build a nice church or develop a Christian recreation center? No? What then? What were these guys doing that was "turning the world system upside down"? The answer is found in verse 7:

"Whom Jason hath received (into his house): and these all do contrary to the decrees of Caesar, saying that there is another king, one Jesus."

Now is that clear? Do you see what they were doing? They were announcing ANOTHER KING! Not Caesar! This was a king who was bigger than Caesar. They were forming civil bodies that no longer looked to Caesar as their king. They were forming civil outposts for Christ's conquering army! They were at war!

Paul and Silas weren't "church builders" like preachers today claim. They weren't proselytizing people from one church or synagogue to another. They were kingdom builders! They were dethroning rulers in the minds of the people and alienating them from the mental hold Caesar had upon them through heathenistic (central) government. They were teaching the principles of Christian government. They were putting forth the call of God to whomever would hear and obey, and those whose hearts responded to the call became citizens of Christ's kingdom and joined themselves to the ecclesia, or community of believers.


The Oxford Dictionary also has an interesting entry under "congregation":

...used by Tyndale* as a translation of 'ecclesia' in the New Testament, and by the sixteenth century reformers instead of "church." (*William Tyndale was the fifteenth century reformer and Bible translator murdered by the church)

Tyndale was willing to die for God's word and truth. He didn't like the word "church." Instead, he used the word "congregation." Now that tells us something! Godly Tyndale, and other sixteenth-century reformers who were more reputable, did not like the word "church." They used other words like "congregation," "governmental assembly," etc.

When you consider the fact that an "ecclesia" was "a civil body politic", this is strong proof that the Christian ecclesias we read about in the New Testament were independent civil bodies of Christians -independent from worldly kings and governors, ruled by the Theocratic government of God's Spirit. They wanted freedom to serve King Jesus. They weren't building and attending churches! Please understand! The pattern laid down in the New Testament bears no resemblance to what we know today as "church". God's people are meant to live by the ecclesia pattern -together in communities, holding all things common, under the government of God through His anointed leaders. Quit saying "church" when it is supposed to be "ecclesia"!It's an important step in retrieving your brain from the trap of religious confusion.


Independent self-government under Christ! That is what the ecclesia represents - not a religious organization for meeting on weekends. The Bible does not indicate that churches would eventually take the place of ecclesias. The change of words was not sanctioned by Scripture. There is NO Scriptural authority for Christians to build churches, attend churches, or support churches! Churches are ungodly organizations designed for and by the heathen.

We should be forming and defending ecclesias instead of the disgusting churches with their con games, entertainment, cultic mystery, childishness, and heathenistic worldly nonsense. We once used the word "church" to describe ourselves, but no more thank God. We're doing our best to break that image. It's a slow process, but we're putting the old church ways behind us.


If you profess to follow Christ, then it's time you quit voluntarily feeding the anti-Christ beast. Men who want to sincerely follow Christ must wean themselves from worldly governments and churches. It is the height of absurdity for a Christian to attend and support the very institutions which are destroying his relationship with God. Those who voluntarily support man-made religious church systems, by believing and teaching that they are good in any way, or that they help us, or that we need them, are still living in a dream world of deception. The ecclesia system, with it's Theocratic government and individual responsibility, is capable of freeing us from the bondage of religion. True peace and liberty cannot be found outside of Christ. Christ's system is the ecclesia system. Freedom awaits all those who will break away from the religious slavery of church and become a humble bondslave of Jesus Christ. We must stop idolizing men in their religious hypocrisy and let Christ once and for all be our King!

So, there is really no other choice for those who would truly follow the pattern laid down for us in God's Word. We must do the same thing the apostles did. We must form ourselves into actual communities under the guidance of God's anointed and appointed leaders, called out and separated from the world, with none other than Jesus Christ as our ruler and King. In other words, ECCLESIAS!

As a whole, Christians have departed from the pattern laid down in the book of Acts and have built, according to their own wisdom, an artificial, phony, putrifying religious mess called "church". It's time to REVOLT against the wisdom of our religious flesh and get back to the wisdom of God. It's time to re-evaluate and re-examine everything about how you think the true followers of Jesus should live. It's time for REVOLUTION against DEAD RELIGION! We are determined to change the way the world thinks about how true followers of Jesus should live. We have been following the ecclesia pattern for over 10 years and have seen the blessings and power of God every step of the way. God does miracles for those who are willing to sacrifce ALL. Write for more information about how you can join us in the struggle to bring back the truth of the ecclesia.


Another good article from

Churches are Businesses

All Churches, including the incorporated Church, unincorporated Church, unregistered Church, etc., are under the jurisdiction of man. These Churches define themselves in particular ways that you do not find in scripture. In other words, Christ did not define his ekklesia to be those things. These designations were created by the natural man, because Christ never defines His ekklesia to be incorporated or unincorporated. The laws of man have jurisdiction over the Church because they are man-made terms, and man has jurisdiction over man-made things. Whoever creates something is the same who controls something, and he retains the authority and the power to alter or destroy at will. So, if man creates an organization, no matter what he calls it, then man controls it. If God creates an organization, then He is the one who should control it.

If a church is incorporated by the State, they are legally defined as a business. And they are doing business on the so-called "Lord's day," which is prohibited by God. One of the evidences to show that they are truly a business, even if they are not incorporated, is that they want the money up front. In other words, they pass the plate before they even preach the Word of God. That's limited liability on their part, that's business, that's commercial activity, that's selling the word of God.

In other words, "I have the money up front, and if you don't like what I have to say, too bad. Even if I don't preach the Word of God, too bad. It doesn't matter, I already got my money. Besides, you won't know any different because I'm going to throw "Jesus Christ" in there now and then to make it 'sound' good. It'll look just like the Pharisees looked. I'll tickle your ears (2 Timothy 4:3-4)."

One of the original reasons for incorporating back in 1810 were things like, "I'm a pastor and I need a salary. I don't want to be paid by fee anymore. I want my guarantee of making a living at this." Which is directly against scripture. We're not supposed to make a living from the Gospel. Paul made tents! That calling was used to get him across from place to place to preach the gospel. Paul did not run up to people and say, "Hey! Give me 5 bucks and I'll tell you what it's all about." Today's pastor basically does that. When you walk into a church today, the church passes around a collection plate and basically compells you to give them money to hear what they have to say. And if you don't give any money, you are looked down upon by others. Churches have even told its congregation that it is a sin if you do not give them money (tithe). What you hear from modern pulpits is nothing more than what's called a sophist, which means "one who preaches ethics for payment." The Gospel is a life (1 Corinthians 9:14). If you are living the gospel, how do you make money off it? If you're living something you can't charge for it, because people see the witness that you bear, because you see and do things differently.

A State Church is a Church that is recognized by the State, serves the State, provides revenue for the State, and serves a public purpose that is not contrary to established public policy. State Churches are registered with the State, with tax identification numbers. State Churches are producers of revenue for the State by paying taxes to assure the alleged solvency of the tax system. Taxable organizations are answerable to the government, open to the inspection and dictates of the government. State Churches are agents of the State by confiscating and remitting to the State taxes that the State has ordered the Church to confiscate. State Churches are servants of the State by keeping records for and remitting records to the State. Most Churches today, whether incorporated or not, are State Churches.

Your Questions Answered

I disagree with your proposition that the Bible doesn't teach that people should meet together at "church". Church is simply a group "called out" or gathered apart.

The evidence does not bear this out. A people "called out", or "gathered apart", is called a "convocation, assembly, or congregation" in scripture; these terms refer to people. However, the word "Church" is defined as a place (physical building), and not as a people. That is the difference. Now, a group of people may go to a Church building to worship God, but the Church building itself is not the people; the Church building itself is not the called out ones. The people in the Church may be the called our ones, but not the physical building itself.


The early Bible Christians couldn't worship in buildings because they didn't have any and they couldn't afford it. But if they could have they would have.

Actually, the scripture does tell us that believers in Christ worshipped in buildings. But it is not called "Church," it is called asynagogue. The word "assembly" in James 2:2, and the word "congregation" in Acts 13:43, is translated from the Greek word sunagoge, which is translated as "synagogue" in all 56 other places that it appears in the New Testament books. Christ's followers were still using synagogues. The phrase "assembling together" in Hebrews 10:25, and the phrase"gathering together" in 2 Thessalonians 2:1, is translated from the Greek word episunagoge, which is very interesting: . The prefix epi means "upon", and the rest of this word is sunagoge, the exact same word used for synagogue everywhere else in the Bible. You see, the apostles were all still worshipping in synagogues! That is what scripture calls it; not Churches.

I am not saying we should go to synagogues today, but the proper name for a building of worship is synagogue, because that is the term scripture uses to describe a place of to worship God Almighty. The word "Church" is really from pagan origin. Besides, wherever two or three are gathered, that is where Christ will be in the midst of them.


We must understand that the “churches” are not teaching scripture. Even though they 'seem' to be, and that your preacher 'seems' to be preaching scripture, they are just repeating the lies they were taught. If the Word of God was taught in all the “churches”, then why so many denominations? Why so many different doctrines?


There is only one way.


The Way.

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