Strangers

STRANGER

 

There are a few different words used for stranger.

Some are verbs and mean to dwell.

It is important to know the differences between the meanings of each word.

Some strangers are kinsman, some are referring to estranged kinsman.

Some strangers are not kinsman, meaning alien, foreign, of another race.

Yahweh is clear that He wants His people separate from the other races.

 

This study is an examination of each word defining stranger.

 

Gur (a verb).

H1481 gûr  goor

A primitive root; properly to turn aside from the road (for a lodging or any other purpose), that is, sojourn (as a guest); also to shrink, fear (as in a strange place); also to gather for hostility (as afraid): - abide, assemble, be afraid, dwell, fear, gather (together), inhabitant, remain, sojourn, stand in awe, (be) stranger, X surely.

Used 98X

 

Genesis 12:10  And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land.

Dwell, abide.

Genesis 19:9  And they said, Stand back. And they said again, This one fellow came in to sojourn, and he will needs be a judge: now will we deal worse with you, than with them. And they pressed sore upon the man, even Lot, and came near to break the door.

Dwell, abide. The homos in Sodom accused Lot of judging them as well.

Genesis 20:1  And Abraham journeyed from thence toward the south country, and dwelled between Kadesh and Shur, and sojourned in Gerar.

Dwelled, abode.

Genesis 21:23  Now therefore swear unto me here by God that you wilt not deal falsely with me, nor with my son, nor with my son's son: but according to the kindness that I have done unto you, you shalt do unto me, and to the land wherein you hast sojourned.

Dwelled, abode.

Genesis 21:34  And Abraham sojourned in the Philistines' land many days.

Dwelled, abode.

Genesis 26:3  Sojourn in this land, and I will be with you, and will bless you; for unto you, and unto your seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware unto Abraham your father;

Dwell, abide.

Genesis 32:4  And he commanded them, saying, Thus shall ye speak unto my lord Esau; Thy servant Jacob saith thus, I have sojourned with Laban, and stayed there until now:

Dwelled, abode.

Genesis 35:27  And Jacob came unto Isaac his father unto Mamre, unto the city of Arbah, which is Hebron, where Abraham and Isaac sojourned.

Dwelled, abode.

Genesis 47:4  They said moreover unto Pharaoh, For to sojourn in the land are we come; for your servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray you, let your servants dwell in the land of Goshen.

Dwell, abide.

Exodus 3:22  But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians.

And of her that dwells, abides. Fellow lodger.

Exodus 6:4  And I have also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.

Dwelt as strangers. Temporary abode.

Exodus 12:48  And when a stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) shall sojourn with you, and will keep the passover to Yahweh, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

Dwell, abide, lodge as a guest.

Exodus 12:49  One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth among you.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 16:29  And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth among you:

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 17:8  And you shalt say unto them, Whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers (H1616-Israelite kinsman) which sojourn among you, that offereth a burnt offering or sacrifice,

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 17:10  And whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourn among you, that eateth any manner of blood; I will even set My face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 17:12  Therefore I said unto the children of Israel, No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth among you eat blood.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 17:13  And whatsoever man there be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourn among you, which hunteth and catcheth any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 18:26  Ye shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations; neither any of your own nation, nor any stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth among you:

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 19:33  And if a stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) sojourn with you in your land, ye shall not vex him.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 19:34  But the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and you shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers (H1616-Israelite kinsman) in the land of Egypt: I am Yahweh your God.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 20:2  Again, you shalt say to the children of Israel, Whosoever he be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourn in Israel, that giveth any of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely be put to death: the people of the land shall stone him with stones.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 25:6  And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for you, and for your servant, and for your maid, and for your hired servant, and for your stranger (H8453) that sojourneth with you,

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Leviticus 25:45  Moreover of the children of the strangers (H8453) that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they begat in your land: and they shall be your possession.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Numbers 9:14  And if a stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover unto Yahweh; according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman), and for him that was born in the land.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Numbers 15:14  And if a stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) sojourn with you, or whosoever be among you in your generations, and will offer an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto Yahweh; as ye do, so he shall do.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Numbers 15:15  One ordinance shall be both for you of the congregation, and also for the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth with you, an ordinance for ever in your generations: as ye are, so shall the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) be before Yahweh.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Numbers 15:16  One law and one manner shall be for you, and for the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth with you.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Numbers 15:26  And it shall be forgiven all the congregation of the children of Israel, and the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth among them; seeing all the people were in ignorance.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Numbers 15:29  Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance, both for him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth among them.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Numbers 19:10  And he that gathereth the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: and it shall be unto the children of Israel, and unto the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth among them, for a statute for ever.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Numbers 22:3  And Moab was sore afraid of the people, because they were many: and Moab was distressed because of the children of Israel.

Stood in awe. Gathered together for hostility (as afraid).

Deuteronomy 1:17  Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto Me, and I will hear it.

You shall not shrink from before man.

Deuteronomy 18:6  And if a Levite come from any of your gates out of all Israel, where he sojourned, and come with all the desire of his mind unto the place which Yahweh shall choose;

Dwells, abides.

Deuteronomy 18:22  When a prophet speaketh in the name of Yahweh, if the thing follow not, nor come to pass, that is the thing which Yahweh hath not spoken, but the prophet hath spoken it presumptuously (arrogantly, wickedly): you shalt not be afraid of him.

The Septuagint ends as: “...ye shall not spare him...”

Deuteronomy 26:5  And you shalt speak and say before Yahweh your God, A Syrian (Aramean) ready to perish was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, and became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous:

This is a reference to Jacob.

Hosea 12:12  And Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and for a wife he kept sheep.

Dwelled, abode, remained.

Joshua 20:9  These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth among them, that whosoever killeth any person at unawares might flee thither, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation.

Dwells, abides, remains, gathers together, lodges as a guest.

Judges 5:17  Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches.

Sojourning seaman.

Judges 17:7  And there was a young man out of Bethlehemjudah of the family of Judah, who was a Levite, and he sojourned there.

Dwelt, abode, lodged as a guest.

Judges 17:8  And the man departed out of the city from Bethlehemjudah to sojourn where he could find a place: and he came to mount Ephraim to the house of Micah, as he journeyed.

Dwell, abide, remain.

Judges 17:9  And Micah said unto him, Whence comest you? And he said unto him, I am a Levite of Bethlehemjudah, and I go to sojourn where I may find a place.

Dwell, abide, remain.

Judges 19:1  And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah.

Dwelling, abiding, lodging.

Judges 19:16  And, behold, there came an old man from his work out of the field at even, which was also of mount Ephraim; and he sojourned in Gibeah: but the men of the place were Benjamites.

Dwelt, abode, lodged.

Ruth 1:1  Now it came to pass in the days when the judges ruled, that there was a famine in the land. And a certain man of Bethlehemjudah went to sojourn in the country of Moab, he, and his wife, and his two sons.

Dwell, abide.

1Samuel 18:15  Wherefore when Saul saw that he (David) behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him.

Feared, stood in awe.

2Samuel 4:3  And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and were sojourners there until this day.)

Inhabitants, dwellers.

1Kings 17:20  And he cried unto Yahweh, and said, O Yahweh my God, hast You also brought evil upon the widow with whom I sojourn, by slaying her son?

Lodge as a guest.

2Kings 8:1  Then spake Elisha unto the woman, whose son he had restored to life, saying, Arise, and go you and your household, and sojourn wheresoever you canst sojourn: for Yahweh hath called for a famine; and it shall also come upon the land seven years.

Dwell, abide. Dwell, abide.

2Kings 8:2  And the woman arose, and did after the saying of the man of God: and she went with her household, and sojourned in the land of the Philistines seven years.

Dwelled, abode, remained.

1Chronicles 16:19  When ye were but few, even a few, and strangers in it.

Dwellers, inhabitants, abiding.

2Chronicles 15:9  And he gathered all Judah and Benjamin, and the strangers with them out of Ephraim and Manasseh, and out of Simeon: for they fell (joined) to him out of Israel in abundance, when they saw that Yahweh his God was with him.

Dwellers, inhabitants, sojourning guests.

Ezra 1:4  And whosoever remaineth in any place where he sojourneth, let the men of his place help him with silver, and with gold, and with goods, and with beasts, beside the freewill offering for the house of God that is in Jerusalem.

Dwells, abides.

Job 19:15  They that dwell in mine house, and my maids, count me for a stranger (H2114- estranged): I am an alien (H5237- foreign) in their sight.

Dwell, abide.

Job 19:29  Be ye afraid of the sword: for wrath bringeth the punishments of the sword, that ye may know there is a judgment.

The Septuagint starts as: “Do ye also beware of deceit:...”

To dread, stand in awe.

Job 28:4  The flood breaketh out from the inhabitant; even the waters forgotten of the foot: they are dried up, they are gone away from men.

Septuagint: 4  There is a cutting off the torrent by reason of dust: so they that forget the right way are weakened; they are removed from among men.

 

Job 41:25  When he (Leviathan, Satan, Satan's children) raiseth up himself, the mighty are afraid: by reason of breakings (ruin) they purify themselves.

Psalm 5:4  For You art not a God that hath pleasure in wickedness: neither shall evil dwell with You.

Psalm 15:1  A Psalm of David. Yahweh, who shall abide in Your tabernacle? who shall dwell in Your holy hill?

Psalm 22:23  Ye that fear Yahweh, praise Him; all ye the seed of Jacob, glorify Him; and fear Him, all ye the seed of Israel.

Sojourn with. Abide in. Stand in awe.

Psalm 33:8  Let all the earth fear Yahweh: let all the inhabitants of the world stand in awe of Him.

Psalm 56:6  They gather themselves together, they hide themselves, they mark my steps, when they wait for my soul.

Dwell near (and hide), assemble, gather.

Psalm 59:3  For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O Yahweh.

Psalm 61:4  I will abide in Your tabernacle for ever: I will trust (take refuge) in the covert (coverings) of Your wings. Selah.

Psalm 105:12  When they were but a few men in number; yea, very few, and strangers in it.

Foreigners, dwellers, abode, inhabitants.

Psalm 105:23  Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.

Dwelt, abode.

Psalm 120:5  Woe is me, that I sojourn in Mesech, that I dwell in the tents of Kedar!

Dwell.

Psalm 140:2  Which imagine (plot) mischiefs in their heart; continually are they gathered together for war.

Assembled.

Isaiah 5:17  Then shall the lambs feed after their manner, and the waste places of the fat ones shall strangers eat.

Inhabitants.

Isaiah 11:6  The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid; and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.

Isaiah 16:4  Let Mine outcasts dwell with you, Moab; be you a covert to them from the face of the spoiler: for the extortioner is at an end, the spoiler ceaseth, the oppressors are consumed out of the land.

Isaiah 23:7  Is this your joyous city, whose antiquity is of ancient days? her own feet shall carry her afar off to sojourn.

Dwell.

Isaiah 33:14  The sinners in Zion are afraid; fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings?

Isaiah 52:4  For thus saith Yahweh GOD, My people went down aforetime into Egypt to sojourn there; and the Assyrian oppressed them without cause.

Dwell, abide.

Isaiah 54:15  Behold, they shall surely gather together, but not by Me: whosoever shall gather together against you shall fall for your sake.

54:16  Behold, I have created the smith that bloweth the coals in the fire, and that bringeth forth an instrument for his work; and I have created the waster to destroy.

Yahweh told the children of Israel that He would keep the Canaanite tribes in their vicinity to teach them war and to chastise them.

Jeremiah 35:7  Neither shall ye build house, nor sow seed, nor plant vineyard, nor have any: but all your days ye shall dwell in tents; that ye may live many days in the land where ye be strangers.

Dwellers, sojourn as guests.

Jeremiah 42:15  And now therefore hear the word of Yahweh, ye remnant of Judah; Thus saith Yahweh of hosts, the God of Israel; If ye wholly set your faces to enter into Egypt, and go to sojourn there;

42:16  Then it shall come to pass, that the sword, which ye feared, shall overtake you there in the land of Egypt, and the famine, whereof ye were afraid, shall follow close after you there in Egypt; and there ye shall die.

Jeremiah 42:17  So shall it be with all the men that set their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn there; they shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: and none of them shall remain or escape from the evil that I will bring upon them.

Jeremiah 42:22  Now therefore know certainly that ye shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, in the place whither ye desire to go and to sojourn.

Verses 15-22. To gather for hostility (as afraid). Yahweh says do not go to Egypt.

Jeremiah 43:2  Then spake Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the proud men, saying unto Jeremiah, You speakest falsely: Yahweh our God hath not sent you to say, Go not into Egypt to sojourn there:

To gather for hostility (as afraid).

Jeremiah 43:5  But Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, took all the remnant of Judah, that were returned from all nations, whither they had been driven, to dwell in the land of Judah;

They still gathered together because of the Babylonian hostility and defied Yahweh and went to Egypt to seek help.

Jeremiah 44:8  In that ye provoke Me unto wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be gone to dwell, that ye might cut yourselves off, and that ye might be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?

Jeremiah 44:12  And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed, and fall in the land of Egypt; they shall even be consumed by the sword and by the famine: they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine: and they shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach.

Jeremiah 44:14  So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape.

Jeremiah 44:28  Yet a small number that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words shall stand, Mine, or theirs.

Verses 8-28 still referring to gathering together for hostility (as afraid). These disobeyed Yahweh and thought that Egypt would protect them.

Jeremiah 49:18  As in the overthrow of Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith Yahweh, no man shall abide there, neither shall a son of man dwell in it.

Jeremiah 49:33  And Hazor shall be a dwelling for dragons, and a desolation for ever: there shall no man abide there, nor any son of man dwell in it.

Chapter 49 is a prophecy against Edom (the Jews).

Jeremiah 50:40  As God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah and the neighbour cities thereof, saith Yahweh; so shall no man abide there, neither shall any son of man dwell therein.

Chapter 50 is a prophecy against Babylon.

Lamentations 4:15  They cried unto them, Depart ye; it is unclean; depart, depart, touch not: when they fled away and wandered, they said among the nations, They shall no more sojourn there.

Dwell, abide.

Ezekiel 14:7  For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourneth in Israel, which separateth himself from Me, and setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumblingblock of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning Me; I Yahweh will answer him by Myself:

Dwells, abides, lodges, remains.

Ezekiel 47:22  And it shall come to pass, that ye shall divide it by lot for an inheritance unto you, and to the strangers (H1616-Israelite kinsman) that sojourn among you, which shall beget children among you: and they shall be unto you as born in the country among the children of Israel; they shall have inheritance with you among the tribes of Israel.

Dwells, abides, remains, lodges.

Ezekiel 47:23  And it shall come to pass, that in what tribe the stranger (H1616-Israelite kinsman) sojourneth, there shall ye give him his inheritance, saith Yahweh GOD.

Dwells, abides, lodges, remains.

Hosea 7:14  And they have not cried unto Me with their heart, when they howled upon their beds: they assemble themselves for corn and wine, and they rebel against Me.

Hosea 10:5  The inhabitants of Samaria shall fear because of the calves of Bethaven: for the people thereof shall mourn over it, and the priests thereof that rejoiced on it, for the glory thereof, because it is departed from it.

 

In the above verses it is evident that the word gur is not a reference to the race of a stranger, rather it is a verb referring to sojourning, dwelling, abiding, remaining, inhabiting, gathering for hostility for fear.

 

 

The meaning of this next word GER might be summarized as being an Israelite who lives apart from the main body of Israel. That is, living among, or in the land, of other races. The important fact is that this stranger is an Israelite by race.

A person of one’s own blood or race who is visiting the district and is not known to the residents of the area. Israelites who were not present at the covenant sanctification ceremony in Mount Sinai (such as the descendants of Judah’s son, Zarah). Moses named his son, Gershom, because he was visiting from Egypt and Canaan (as opposed to being an exile). The gerim have equal rights before the law and can accumulate wealth in Israel. We can use the term kinsman-visitor (to show the genetic connection).

 

H1616 gêr  gêyr  gare, gare

From H1481 sojourn as a guest; properly a guest; by implication a foreigner: - alien, sojourner, stranger.

Used 92X

Genesis 15:13  And He said unto Abram, Know of a surety that your seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years;

Kinsman sojourner, guest, foreigner.

Egyptians at the time were Hamites. The Israelites are Shemites. These are racial brothers.

Genesis 23:4  I am a stranger and a sojourner (H8453-non relative) with (among) you: give me a possession of a buryingplace with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight.

Sojourner, guest, foreigner.

Abraham is an Israelite. The children of Heth are Canaanites. Abraham is dwelling in the land of the Canaanites.

Exodus 2:22  And she bare him a son, and he (Moses) called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange (H5237-non Israelite) land.

Sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

When Moses was in the land of Midian, that land was at the time controlled by the Hyksos, who were Canaanites. These Hyksos tribes overtook the Hamitic Egyptians.

Exodus 12:19  Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Exodus 12:48  And when a stranger shall sojourn (H1481-as a guest, dwell, gather) with you, and will keep the passover to Yahweh, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Exodus 12:49  One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among you.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Exodus 18:3  And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange (H5237-non Israelite) land:

Sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Exodus 20:10  But the seventh day is the sabbath of Yahweh your God: in it you shalt not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Exodus 22:21  You shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Israelite sojourners, kinsman foreigner.

Exodus 23:9  Also you shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Israelite sojourner, kinsman foreigner.

Exodus 23:12  Six days you shalt do your work, and on the seventh day you shalt rest: that your ox and your ass may rest, and the son of your handmaid, and the stranger, may be refreshed.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Leviticus 16:29  And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among you:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Leviticus 17:8  And you shalt say unto them, Whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers which sojourn (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among you, that offereth a burnt offering or sacrifice,

17:9  And bringeth it not unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, to offer it unto Yahweh; even that man shall be cut off from among his people.

Leviticus 17:10  And whatsoever man there be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers ) among you, that eateth any manner of blood; I will even set My face against that soul that eateth blood, and will cut him off from among his people.

17:11  For the life of the flesh is in the blood: and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls: for it is the blood that maketh an atonement for the soul.

Leviticus 17:12  Therefore I said unto the children of Israel, No soul of you shall eat blood, neither shall any stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among you eat blood.

Leviticus 17:13  And whatsoever man there be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among you, which hunteth and catcheth any beast or fowl that may be eaten; he shall even pour out the blood thereof, and cover it with dust.

17:14  For it is the life of all flesh; the blood of it is for the life thereof: therefore I said unto the children of Israel, you shall eat the blood of no manner of flesh: for the life of all flesh is the blood thereof: whosoever eateth it shall be cut off.

Leviticus 17:15  And every soul that eateth that which died of itself, or that which was torn with beasts, whether it be one of your own country, or a stranger, he shall both wash his clothes, and bathe himself in water, and be unclean until the even: then shall he be clean.

Chapter 17 are Israelite sojourning kinsmen guests that dwell and/or gathers among Israelites.

Leviticus 18:26  Ye shall therefore keep My statutes and My judgments, and shall not commit any of these abominations; neither any of your own nation, nor any stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among you:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Leviticus 19:10  And you shalt not glean your vineyard, neither shalt you gather every grape of your vineyard; you shalt leave them for the poor and stranger: I am Yahweh your God.

Sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Leviticus 19:33  And if a stranger sojourn (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) with you in your land, ye shall not vex him.

Leviticus 19:34  But the stranger that dwelleth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and you shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am Yahweh your God.

Verses 33-34, Israelite sojourning guests, kinsman foreigners. Brotherly love.

Leviticus 20:2  Again, you shalt say to the children of Israel, Whosoever he be of the children of Israel, or of the strangers that sojourn (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) in Israel, that giveth any of his seed unto Molech; he shall surely be put to death: the people of the land shall stone him with stones.

Israelite sojourning guests, kinsman foreigners. Yahweh does not want His children sacrificed to Molech.

Leviticus 22:18  Speak unto Aaron, and to his sons, and unto all the children of Israel, and say unto them, Whatsoever he be of the house of Israel, or of the strangers in Israel, that will offer his oblation for all his vows, and for all his freewill offerings, which they will offer unto Yahweh for a burnt offering;

Israelite sojourning guests, kinsman foreigners.

Leviticus 23:22  And when ye reap the harvest of your land, you shalt not make clean riddance of the corners of your field when you reapest, neither shalt you gather any gleaning of your harvest: you shalt leave them unto the poor, and to the stranger: I am Yahweh your God.

Israelite sojourning guests, kinsman foreigners.

Leviticus 24:16  And he that blasphemeth the name of Yahweh, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of Yahweh, shall be put to death.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Leviticus 24:22  Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am Yahweh your God.

Sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Leviticus 25:23  The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is Mine; for ye are strangers and sojourners (H8453-aliens) with Me.

Israelite sojourning guests.

We are His landlords, we are His house holders. We are supposes to take care of it.

Deuteronomy 32:43  Rejoice, O ye nations, His people: for He will avenge the blood of His servants, and will render vengeance to His adversaries, and will be merciful unto His land, to His people.

We are Yahweh's people, race. We are Israelite sojourners and aliens with Yahweh to this world.

Leviticus 25:35  And if your brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay (strength) with you; then you shalt relieve him: yea, though he be a stranger, or a sojourner (H8453-temporary resident); that he may live with you.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Leviticus 25:47  And if a sojourner or stranger (H8453-temporary resident) wax rich by you, and your brother that dwelleth by him wax poor, and sell himself unto the stranger or sojourner (H8453-temporary resident) by you, or to the stock of the stranger's family:

25:48  After that he is sold he may be redeemed again; one of his brethren may redeem him:

The underlined are Israelite sojourning guests, kinsman foreigner.

Numbers 9:14  And if a stranger shall sojourn (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among you, and will keep the passover unto Yahweh; according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land.

Israelite sojourning guest, foreign kinsman.

Numbers 15:14  And if a stranger sojourn (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) with you, or whosoever be among you in your generations, and will offer an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto Yahweh; as ye do, so he shall do.

Israelite sojourning guest, foreign kinsman.

Numbers 15:15  One ordinance shall be both for you of the congregation, and also for the stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) with you, an ordinance for ever in your generations: as ye are, so shall the stranger be before Yahweh.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Numbers 15:16  One law and one manner shall be for you, and for the stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) with you.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Numbers 15:26  And it shall be forgiven all the congregation of the children of Israel, and the stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among them; seeing all the people were in ignorance.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Numbers 15:29  Ye shall have one law for him that sinneth through ignorance, both for him that is born among the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among them.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Numbers 15:30  But the soul that doeth ought presumptuously, whether he be born in the land, or a stranger, the same reproacheth Yahweh; and that soul shall be cut off from among his people.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Numbers 19:10  And he that gathereth the ashes of the heifer shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even: and it shall be unto the children of Israel, and unto the stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among them, for a statute for ever.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Numbers 35:15  These six cities shall be a refuge, both for the children of Israel, and for the stranger, and for the sojourner (H8453-temporary resident) among them: that every one that killeth any person unawares may flee thither.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 1:16  And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear the causes between your brethren, and judge righteously between every man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 5:14  But the seventh day is the sabbath of Yahweh your God: in it you shalt not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, nor your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your ox, nor your ass, nor any of your cattle, nor your stranger that is within your gates; that your manservant and your maidservant may rest as well as you.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 10:18  He doth execute the judgment of the fatherless and widow, and loveth the stranger, in giving him food and raiment.

Israelite sojourning guests, kinsman foreigners.

Deuteronomy 10:19  Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.

Israelite sojourning guests, kinsman foreigners.

 

*Deuteronomy 14:21  Ye shall not eat of any thing that dieth of itself: you shalt give it unto the stranger that is in your gates, that he may eat it; or you mayest sell it unto an alien (H5237-non Israelite): for you art an holy people unto Yahweh your God. You shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

Verse 21 may be a mistake. Stranger is gare, which is an Israelite kinsman.

H5237 is nokriy, a non Israelite, but may be a Shemite or Hebrew. An Adamite.

The last part of verse 21 has been a subject of controversy. This does not specify any prohibition against eating milk and meat in the same meal. This is a fabrication of the Jews.

There are many instances of boiling meat. Just not in milk. This may also be a reference to not take a nursing animal for food or ritual.

 

Deuteronomy 14:29  And the Levite, (because he hath no part nor inheritance with you,) and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, which are within your gates, shall come, and shall eat and be satisfied; that Yahweh your God may bless you in all the work of your hand which you doest.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 16:11  And you shalt rejoice before Yahweh your God, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite that is within your gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which Yahweh your God hath chosen to place His name there.

Sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 16:14  And you shalt rejoice in your feast, you, and your son, and your daughter, and your manservant, and your maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within your gates.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 23:7  You shalt not abhor an *Edomite (Aramite); for he is your brother: you shalt not abhor an Egyptian; because you wast a stranger in his land.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Edomite should be Aramite (Aramean), or Syrian. The translators made a mistake.

H758 is aram and is the correct word. Aram was a son of Shem (Gen 10:22)

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance under H726 shows that H130 (Edomite) was a scribal error.

Deuteronomy 24:14  You shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of your brethren, or of your strangers that are in your land within your gates:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 24:17  You shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow's raiment to pledge:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 24:19  When you cuttest down your harvest in your field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, you shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that Yahweh your God may bless you in all the work of your hands.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 24:20  When you beatest your olive tree, you shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 24:21  When you gatherest the grapes of your vineyard, you shalt not glean it afterward: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 26:11  And you shalt rejoice in every good thing which Yahweh your God hath given unto you, and unto your house, you, and the Levite, and the stranger that is among you.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 26:12  When you hast made an end of tithing all the tithes of your increase the third year, which is the year of tithing, and hast given it unto the Levite, the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, that they may eat within your gates, and be filled;

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 26:13  Then you shalt say before Yahweh your God, I have brought away the hallowed things out of mine house, and also have given them unto the Levite, and unto the stranger, to the fatherless, and to the widow, according to all Your commandments which You hast commanded me: I have not transgressed Your commandments, neither have I forgotten them:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Hallowed things are the food items set aside for tithing.

Deuteronomy 27:19  Cursed be he that perverteth the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, and widow. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

 

*Deuteronomy 28:43  The stranger that is within you shall get up above you very high; and you shalt come down very low.

Possibly a mistake in translation.

The context of chapter 28 is blessings of obedience and curses of disobedience.

 

Deuteronomy 29:11  Your little ones, your wives, and your stranger that is in your camp, from the hewer of your wood unto the drawer of your water:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Deuteronomy 31:12  Gather the people together, men, and women, and children, and your stranger that is within your gates, that they may hear, and that they may learn, and fear Yahweh your God, and observe to do all the words of this law:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Joshua 8:33  And all Israel, and their elders, and officers, and their judges, stood on this side the ark and on that side before the priests the Levites, which bare the ark of the covenant of Yahweh, as well the stranger, as he that was born among them; half of them over against mount Gerizim, and half of them over against mount Ebal; as Moses the servant of Yahweh had commanded before, that they should bless the people of Israel.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Joshua 8:35  There was not a word of all that Moses commanded, which Joshua read not before all the congregation of Israel, with the women, and the little ones, and the strangers that were conversant among them.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Joshua 20:9  These were the cities appointed for all the children of Israel, and for the stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among them, that whosoever killeth any person at unawares might flee thither, and not die by the hand of the avenger of blood, until he stood before the congregation.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

 

*2Samuel 1:13  And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art you? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger (and H376), an Amalekite.

Septuagint: “...I am the son of an Amalekite sojourner.

Possibly the son of an Israelite and an Amalekite? Half breed.

 

1Chronicles 22:2  And David commanded to gather together the strangers that were in the land of Israel; and he set masons to hew wrought stones to build the house of God.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

1Chronicles 29:15  For we are strangers before you, and sojourners (H8453-temporary residents), as were all our fathers: our days on the earth are as a shadow, and there is none abiding.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

2Chronicles 2:17  And Solomon numbered all the strangers (and H376) that were in the land of Israel, after the numbering wherewith David his father had numbered them; and they were found an hundred and fifty thousand and three thousand and six hundred.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

2Chronicles 30:25  And all the congregation of Judah, with the priests and the Levites, and all the congregation that came out of Israel, and the strangers that came out of the land of Israel, and that dwelt in Judah, rejoiced.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Job 31:32  The stranger did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveller.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Psalm 39:12  Hear my prayer, O Yahweh, and give ear unto my cry; hold not Your peace at my tears: for I am a stranger with you, and a sojourner (H8453-temporary resident), as all my fathers were.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner. (See 2Peter 2:12)

Psalm 94:6  They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Psalm 119:19  I am a stranger in the earth: hide not Your commandments from me.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Psalm 146:9  Yahweh preserveth the strangers; He relieveth the fatherless and widow: but the way of the wicked He turneth upside down.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Isaiah 14:1  For Yahweh will have mercy on Jacob, and will yet choose Israel, and set them in their own land: and the strangers shall be joined with them, and they shall cleave to the house of Jacob.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Jeremiah 7:6  If ye oppress not the stranger, the fatherless, and the widow, and shed not innocent blood in this place, neither walk after other gods to your hurt:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Jeremiah 14:8  O the hope of Israel, the saviour thereof in time of trouble, why shouldest you be as a stranger in the land, and as a wayfaring man that turneth aside to tarry for a night?

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Jeremiah 22:3  Thus saith Yahweh; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Ezekiel 14:7  For every one of the house of Israel, or of the stranger that sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) in Israel, which separateth himself from Me, and setteth up his idols in his heart, and putteth the stumblingblock of his iniquity before his face, and cometh to a prophet to enquire of him concerning Me; I Yahweh will answer him by Myself:

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Ezekiel 22:7  In you have they set light by father and mother: in the midst of you have they dealt by oppression with the stranger: in you have they vexed the fatherless and the widow.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Ezekiel 22:29  The people of the land have used oppression, and exercised robbery, and have vexed the poor and needy: yea, they have oppressed the stranger wrongfully.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Ezekiel 47:22  And it shall come to pass, that ye shall divide it by lot for an inheritance unto you, and to the strangers that sojourn (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers) among you, which shall beget children among you: and they shall be unto you as born in the country among the children of Israel; they shall have inheritance with you among the tribes of Israel.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Ezekiel 47:23  And it shall come to pass, that in what tribe the stranger sojourneth (H1481-as a guest, dwells, gathers), there shall ye give him his inheritance, saith Yahweh GOD.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Zechariah 7:10  And oppress not the widow, nor the fatherless, the stranger, nor the poor; and let none of you imagine evil against his brother in your heart.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

Malachi 3:5  And I will come near to you to judgment; and I will be a swift witness against the sorcerers, and against the adulterers, and against false swearers, and against those that oppress the hireling in his wages, the widow, and the fatherless, and that turn aside the stranger from his right, and fear not Me, saith Yahweh of hosts.

Israelite sojourning guest, kinsman foreigner.

 

 

Zur (zuwr) is a verb (used as a participle with the force of a noun).

In the sense of estrangement.

 

H2114 zûr  zoor

A primitive root; to turn aside (especially for lodging); hence to be a foreigner, strange, profane; specifically (active participle) to commit adultery: - (come from) another (man, place), fanner, go away, (e-) strange (-r, thing, woman).

Used 77X

Exodus 29:33  And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement was made, to consecrate (be full of strength) and to sanctify (be set apart by) them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.

Chapter 29 is the consecrating of the Levitical priests. No foreigner of another race shall eat of those things.

Exodus 30:9  Ye shall offer no strange incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall ye pour drink offering thereon.

No incense other than the incense chosen by Yahweh. Sweet incense.

Exodus 30:30  And you shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto Me in the priest's office.

30:31  And you shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto Me throughout your generations.

30:32  Upon man's (Adam) flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall you make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you.

Exodus 30:33  Whosoever compoundeth (blends) any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.

No anointing oil allowed on foreigners of another race.

Leviticus 10:1  And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put incense thereon, and offered strange fire before Yahweh, which He commanded them not.

Unacceptable fire. Profane.

Leviticus 22:10  There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner (H8453-temporary resident) of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

22:11  But if the priest buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat.

Septuagint: 11  But if a priest should have a soul (person) purchased for money, he shall eat of his bread; and they that are born in his house, they also shall eat of his bread.

Leviticus 22:12  If the priest's daughter also be married unto a stranger (and H376), she may not eat of an offering of the holy things.

A priest's daughter married to another race may not eat of the holy things.

Leviticus 22:13  But if the priest's daughter be a widow, or divorced, and have no child, and is returned unto her father's house, as in her youth, she shall eat of her father's meat: but there shall no stranger eat thereof.

If she does not have a foreign husband or race mixed child, she may return to her father's house and eat. But no foreigner may eat of her father's meat.

Numbers 1:51  And when the tabernacle setteth forward, the Levites shall take it down: and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.

No other race allowed near the tabernacle.

Numbers 3:4  And Nadab and Abihu died before Yahweh, when they offered strange fire before Yahweh, in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children: and Eleazar and Ithamar ministered in the priest's office in the sight of Aaron their father.

Unacceptable fire. Profane.

Numbers 3:10  And you shalt appoint Aaron and his sons, and they shall wait on their priest's office: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.

No other race allowed near the tabernacle.

Septuagint: 10  And thou shalt appoint Aaron and his sons over the tabernacle of witness; and they shall keep their charge of priesthood, and all things belonging to the altar, and within the veil; and the stranger that touches them shall die.

Numbers 3:38  But those that encamp before the tabernacle toward the east, even before the tabernacle of the congregation eastward, shall be Moses, and Aaron and his sons, keeping the charge of the sanctuary for the charge of the children of Israel; and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.

The stranger of another race that touches them shall die.

*Numbers 16:40  To be a memorial unto the children of Israel, that no stranger, which is not of the seed of Aaron, come near to offer incense before Yahweh; that he be not as Korah, and as his company: as Yahweh said to him by the hand of Moses.

In addition to Korah, who was a Levite, the sons of Eliab, and On, and sons of Reuben, and other men.

As verse 40 states, not of the sons of Aaron (Levites).

Stranger here may mean estranged, because of the challenge to the priesthood.

Numbers 18:4  And they shall be joined unto you, and keep the charge of the tabernacle of the congregation, for all the service of the tabernacle: and a stranger shall not come nigh unto you.

No other races allowed near the tabernacle.

Numbers 18:7  Therefore you and your sons with you shall keep your priest's office for every thing of the altar, and within the vail; and ye shall serve: I have given your priest's office unto you as a service of gift: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death.

No other race allowed near the tabernacle.

Numbers 26:61  And Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before Yahweh.

Unacceptable fire.

Deuteronomy 25:5  If brethren dwell together, and one of them die, and have no child, the wife of the dead shall not marry without unto a stranger (and H376): her husband's brother shall go in unto her, and take her to him to wife, and perform the duty of an husband's brother unto her.

No marrying outside your race.

Deuteronomy 32:16  They provoked Him to jealousy with strange gods, with abominations provoked they Him to anger.

Another, profane.

*1Kings 3:18  And it came to pass the third day after that I was delivered, that this woman was delivered also: and we were together; there was no stranger with us in the house, save we two in the house.

The Septuagint has: “... and there was no one with us besides our two selves in the house.”

The story of the wisdom of Solomon regarding 2 women and one live child and one dead.

This stranger seems to mean simply, no one else. No temporary resident.

*2Kings 19:24  I (Sennacherib) have digged and drunk strange waters, and with the sole of my feet have I dried up all the rivers of besieged places.

Sennacherib boasts. Strange waters (waters of another place?)

*Job 15:19  Unto whom alone the earth was given, and no stranger passed among them.

No alien race.

*Job 19:13  He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me.

*Job 19:15  They that dwell in mine house, and my maids, count me for a stranger: I am an alien (H5237-outlandish) in their sight.

Count me for an alien.

*Job 19:17  My breath is strange to my wife, though I intreated for the children's sake of mine own body.

Septuagint: 17  And I besought my wife, and earnestly intreated the sons of my concubines.

My breath is alien, different, outlandish?

*Job 19:27  Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins be consumed within me.

Psalm 44:20  If we have forgotten the name of our God, or stretched out our hands to a strange god;

Another, profane.

*Psalm 54:3  For strangers are risen up against me, and oppressors (ruthless men) seek after my soul (life): they have not set God before them. Selah.

Those estranged, or aliens.

*Psalm 58:3  The wicked are estranged (wayward) from the womb: they go astray as soon as they be born, speaking lies.

*Psalm 69:8  I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien (H5237-foreign) unto my mother's children.

Foreign, estranged, profane?

*Psalm 78:30  They were not estranged from their lust. But while their meat was yet in their mouths,

78:31  The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen men of Israel.   (Ex 16:2-15  Num 11:4-23,31-35)

Men is in italics, meaning it was added. It should read young men (H970).

The fattest refers to the strongest, most influential.

Psalm 81:9  There shall no strange god be in you; neither shalt you worship any strange (H5236-heathen, foreign) god.

Foreign, profane god.

Psalm 109:11  Let the extortioner (creditor) catch all that he hath; and let the strangers spoil his labour.

Other races spoil his labor.

Proverbs 2:16  To deliver you from the strange woman, even from the stranger (H5237-adulterer) which flattereth with her words;

Septuagint: 16  to remove thee far from the straight way, and to estrange thee from a righteous purpose. My son, let not evil counsel overtake thee,

Women of another race.

*Proverbs 5:3  For the lips of a strange woman drop as an honeycomb, and her mouth is smoother than oil:

Septuagint: 3  for honey drops from the lips of a harlot, who for a season pleases thy palate:

5:4  But her end is bitter as wormwood, sharp as a twoedged sword.

Possibly an adulterer, or a woman of another race.

Proverbs 5:10  Lest strangers be filled with your wealth; and your labours be in the house of a stranger (H5237-foreigner);

Aliens.

Proverbs 5:17  Let them be only your own, and not strangers' with you.

Aliens, or estranged Israelites.

Proverbs 5:20  And why wilt you, my son, be ravished with a strange woman, and embrace the bosom of a stranger (H5237-foreigner)?

Women of another race.

Proverbs 6:1  My son, if you be surety for your friend, if you hast stricken your hand with a stranger,

6:2  Thou art snared with the words of thy mouth, thou art taken with the words of thy mouth.

Stranger of another race.

Proverbs 7:4  Say unto wisdom, Thou art my sister; and call understanding thy kinswoman:

Proverbs 7:5  That they may keep you from the strange woman, from the stranger (H5237-alien) which flattereth with her words.

Strange women of another race.

Proverbs 11:15  He that is surety for a stranger shall smart for it: and he that hateth suretiship is sure.

Septuagint: 15  A bad man does harm wherever he meets a just man: and he hates the sound of safety.

Stranger of another race.

Proverbs 14:10  The heart knoweth his own bitterness; and a stranger doth not intermeddle with his joy.

Stranger of another race.

Proverbs 20:16  Take his garment that is surety for a stranger: and take a pledge of him for a strange (H5237-foreign, adulteress, alien) woman.

Proverbs 22:14  The mouth of strange women is a deep pit: he that is abhorred of Yahweh shall fall therein.

Of another race.

Proverbs 23:33  Thine eyes shall behold strange women, and your heart shall utter perverse things.

Strange women of another race.

Proverbs 27:2  Let another man praise you, and not your own mouth; a stranger (H5237-alien, foreign), and not your own lips.  

Isaiah 1:4  Ah sinful nation, a people laden with iniquity, a seed of evildoers, children that are corrupters: they have forsaken Yahweh, they have provoked the Holy One of Israel unto anger, they are gone away backward.

Israel gone away backward makes them estranged.

Isaiah 1:7  Your country is desolate, your cities are burned with fire: your land, strangers devour it in your presence, and it is desolate, as overthrown by strangers.

A reference to the Syrian wars (2 Ki 13/16). Syria got involved in the civil wars of Israel and Judah.

Devoured and overthrown by foreigners. The Syrians were Shemites but not Israelites.

Isaiah 17:10  Because you hast forgotten the God of your salvation, and hast not been mindful of the rock of your strength, therefore shalt you plant pleasant plants, and shalt set it with strange slips:

Damascus today is not a pleasant plant (pure Adamic nation) anymore. Mixed races.

Isaiah 25:2  For you hast made of a city an heap; of a defenced city a ruin: a palace of strangers to be no city; it shall never be built.

A palace of other races. Just like America today.

Isaiah 25:5  You shalt bring down the noise of strangers, as the heat in a dry place; even the heat with the shadow of a cloud: the branch of the terrible ones shall be brought low.

The noise of strangers is the flood of aliens. The shadow of a cloud sounds like a nuclear bomb.

Isaiah 28:21  For Yahweh shall rise up as in mount Perazim, He shall be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon, that He may do His work, His strange work; and bring to pass His act, His strange (H5237-wonderful, outlandish) act.

Septuagint: 21  Yahweh shall rise up as a mountain of ungodly men, and shall be in the valley of Gabaon; He shall perform His works with wrath, even a work of bitterness, and His wrath shall deal strangely, and His destruction shall be strange.

His punishment of our fathers was strange to them. They were as children lacking knowledge and understanding of the results of disobedience.

Isaiah 29:5  Moreover the multitude of your strangers shall be like small dust, and the multitude of the terrible ones (them that oppress you) shall be as chaff that passeth away: yea, it shall be at an instant suddenly.

Job 21:18  They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away.

Possibly estranged. The Septuagint has “wealth of the ungodly”.

Isaiah 43:12  I have declared, and have saved, and I have shewed, when there was no strange god among you: therefore ye are My witnesses, saith Yahweh, that I am God.

Another, profane.

*Isaiah 61:5  And strangers shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien (H5236-foreigners) shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers.

Aliens, or estranged Israelites. H5236 can also refer to ½ caste Israelites.

Jeremiah 2:25  Withhold your foot from being unshod, and your throat from thirst: but you saidst, There is no hope: no; for I have loved strangers, and after them will I go.

Race mixing with foreigners, aliens, other races. Estranged Israelites.

Jeremiah 3:13  Only acknowledge your iniquity, that you hast transgressed against Yahweh your God, and hast scattered your ways to the strangers under every green tree, and ye have not obeyed My voice, saith Yahweh.

Possibly estranged Israelites (pagans), or strangers of another race.

Jeremiah 5:19  And it shall come to pass, when ye shall say, Wherefore doeth Yahweh our God all these things unto us? then shalt you answer them, Like as ye have forsaken Me, and served strange (H5236-foreign) gods in your land, so shall ye serve strangers in a land that is not yours.

Strangers of another race.

Jeremiah 18:14  Will a man leave the snow of Lebanon which cometh from the rock of the field? or shall the cold flowing waters that come from another place be forsaken?

*Jeremiah 30:8  For it shall come to pass in that day, saith Yahweh of hosts, that I will break his (Nebuchadnezzar's) yoke from off your neck, and will burst your bonds, and strangers shall no more serve themselves of him:

Possibly estranged Israelites. Or aliens.

Jeremiah 51:2  And will send unto Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land: for in the day of trouble they shall be against her round about.

The Medes and Persians defeated the Babylonians

Jeremiah 51:51  We are confounded, because we have heard reproach: shame hath covered our faces: for strangers are come into the sanctuaries of Yahweh's house.

Those of other races.

Lamentations 5:2  Our inheritance is turned to strangers, our houses to aliens (H5237-other races).

Strangers of other races.

Ezekiel 7:21  And I will give it into the hands of the strangers for a prey, and to the wicked of the earth for a spoil; and they shall pollute it.

Strangers of another race.

Ezekiel 11:9  And I will bring you out of the midst thereof, and deliver you into the hands of strangers, and will execute judgments among you.

Strangers of another race.

Ezekiel 14:5  That I may take the house of Israel in their own heart, because they are all estranged from Me through their idols.

Gone away from Me.

Ezekiel 16:32  But as a wife that committeth adultery, which taketh strangers instead of her husband!

Strangers of another race.

Ezekiel 28:7  Behold, therefore I will bring strangers upon you, the terrible of the nations: and they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom, and they shall defile your brightness.

Strangers of another race.

Ezekiel 28:10  You shalt die the deaths of the uncircumcised by the hand of strangers: for I have spoken it, saith Yahweh GOD.

Strangers of another race.

Ezekiel 30:12  And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I Yahweh have spoken it.

Strangers of another race.

Ezekiel 31:12  And strangers, the terrible of the nations, have cut him off, and have left him: upon the mountains and in all the valleys his branches are fallen, and his boughs are broken by all the rivers of the land; and all the people of the earth are gone down from his shadow, and have left him.

Strangers of another race.

Hosea 5:7  They have dealt treacherously against Yahweh: for they have begotten strange children: now shall a month devour them with their portions.

Race mixing.

Hosea 7:9  Strangers have devoured his strength, and he knoweth it not: yea, gray hairs are here and there upon him, yet he knoweth not.

Strangers of another race.

Hosea 8:7  For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it hath no stalk: the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield, the strangers shall swallow it up.

Strangers of another race.

The whirlwind is the wind which blows back around in a circle. It is another way of saying that we reap just what we have sown: that our national calamity is a result of our sinful ways.

Hosea 8:12  I have written to him the great things of My law, but they were counted as a strange thing.

Foreign thing.

Joel 3:17  So shall ye know that I am Yahweh your God dwelling in Zion, My holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more.

No other races pass through.

Obadiah 1:11  In the day that you stoodest on the other side, in the day that the strangers carried away captive his forces, and foreigners (H5237-other races) entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even you (Edom) wast as one of them.

Obadiah is a prophecy against Edom. Edom is a referrence to the Edomite Jews.

 

Zur is a tough one. Depending on the context, it seems to refer mostly to those of another race. In some instances it seems to refer to estranged Israelites and possibly foreign or profane Adamites.

 

 

Magur

H4033 mâgûr  mâgûr  maw-goor', maw-goor'

From H1481 sojourn in the sense of lodging; a temporary abode; by extension a permanent residence: - dwelling, pilgrimage, where sojourn, be a stranger. Compare H4032 in the sense of fear.

Used 11X

Genesis 17:8  And I will give unto you, and to your seed after you, the land wherein you art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their God.

A sojourner, pilgrim.

Genesis 28:4  And give you the blessing of Abraham, to you, and to your seed with you; that you mayest inherit the land wherein you art a stranger, which God gave unto Abraham.

A sojourner, pilgrim.

Genesis 36:7  For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle.

Sojourners, pilgrims.

Genesis 37:1  And Jacob dwelt in the land wherein his father was a stranger, in the land of Canaan.

Sojourner, temporary resident, pilgrim.

Genesis 47:9  And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, The days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.

Sojourning, temporary residency.

Exodus 6:4  And I have also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers (H1481-sojourners).

Sojourning, temporary abode.

Job 18:19  He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.

Psalm 55:15  Let death seize upon them, and let them go down quick into hell (the grave): for wickedness is in their dwellings, and among them.

Psalm 119:54  Your statutes have been my songs in the house of my pilgrimage.

Sojourning, temporary abode.

Ezekiel 20:38  And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress against Me: I will bring them forth out of the country where they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land of Israel: and ye shall know that I am Yahweh.

Temporarily reside, dwell.

 

 

Nekar (a noun). Refers to what is foreign to a family, tribe, nation. Hence the son of a stranger refers to the son of a foreigner and these are half-caste Israelite.

In this context, we can use the term foreigner.

 

H5236 nêkâr  nay-kawr'

From H5234 scrutinize; foreign, or (concretely) a foreigner, or (abstractly) heathendom: - alien, strange (+ -er).

Used 36X

Genesis 17:12  And he that is eight days old shall be circumcised among you, every man child in your generations, he that is born in the house, or bought with money of any stranger (and H1121), which is not of your seed.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

Genesis 17:27  And all the men of his house, born in the house, and bought with money of the stranger (and H1121), were circumcised with him.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

Genesis 35:2  Then Jacob said unto his household, and to all that were with him, Put away the strange gods that are among you, and be clean, and change your garments:

Foreign gods would be a continual problem, as they had many slaves of mixed seedlines that held to their old ways.

Genesis 35:4  And they gave unto Jacob all the strange gods which were in their hand, and all their earrings which were in their ears; and Jacob hid them under the oak which was by Shechem.

Foreign gods.

Exodus 12:43  And Yahweh said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger (and H1121) eat thereof:

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

Leviticus 22:25  Neither from a stranger's (and H1121) hand shall ye offer the bread of your God of any of these; because their corruption is in them, and blemishes be in them: they shall not be accepted for you.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

Deuteronomy 31:16  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Behold, you shalt sleep with your fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go to be among them, and will forsake Me, and break My covenant which I have made with them.

Foreigners, aliens, heathen of the land.

Deuteronomy 32:12  So Yahweh alone did lead him, and there was no strange god with him.

Foreign god.

Joshua 24:20  If ye forsake Yahweh, and serve strange gods, then He will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, after that He hath done you good.

Foreign gods.

Joshua 24:23  Now therefore put away, said he, the strange gods which are among you, and incline your heart unto Yahweh God of Israel.

Foreign gods.

Judges 10:16  And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served Yahweh: and his soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.

Foreign gods.

1Samuel 7:3  And Samuel spake unto all the house of Israel, saying, If ye do return unto Yahweh with all your hearts, then put away the strange gods and Ashtaroth from among you, and prepare your hearts unto Yahweh, and serve Him only: and He will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines.

Foreign gods.

2Samuel 22:45  Strangers (and H1121) shall submit themselves unto Me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto Me.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

2Samuel 22:46  Strangers (and H1121) shall fade away, and they shall be afraid out of their close places.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

Septuagint: 45  The strange children feigned obedience to Me; they hearkened to Me as soon as they heard. 46  The strange children shall be cast away, and shall be overthrown out of their hiding places.

2Chronicles 14:3  For he took away the altars of the strange gods, and the high places, and brake down the images, and cut down the groves:

Foreign gods.

2Chronicles 33:15  And he took away the strange gods, and the idol out of the house of Yahweh, and all the altars that he had built in the mount of the house of Yahweh, and in Jerusalem, and cast them out of the city.

Foreign gods.

Nehemiah 9:2  And the seed of Israel separated themselves from all strangers (and H1121), and stood and confessed their sins, and the iniquities of their fathers.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

Nehemiah 13:30  Thus cleansed I them from all strangers, and appointed the wards of the priests and the Levites, every one in his business;

Foreign, aliens.

Psalm 18:44  As soon as they hear of Me, they shall obey Me: the strangers (and H1121) shall submit themselves unto Me.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

Psalm 18:45  The strangers (and H1121) shall fade away, and be afraid out of their close places.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

Psalm 81:9  There shall no strange (H2114-alien) god be in you; neither shalt you worship any strange god.

Foreign god.

Psalm 137:4  How shall we sing Yahweh's song in a strange land?

Racially foreign land. Referring to the time in Babylon.

Psalm 144:7  Send your hand from above; rid me, and deliver me out of great waters, from the hand of strange children (H1121);

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

Psalm 144:11  Rid me, and deliver me from the hand of strange children (H1121), whose mouth speaketh vanity, and their right hand is a right hand of falsehood:

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite.

*Isaiah 56:3  Neither let the son of the stranger, that hath joined himself to Yahweh, speak, saying, Yahweh hath utterly separated me from His people: neither let the eunuch say, Behold, I am a dry tree.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite. The other ½ must be Adamite? Estranged Israelite.

*Isaiah 56:6  Also the sons of the stranger, that join themselves to Yahweh, to serve Him, and to love the name of Yahweh, to be His servants, every one that keepeth the sabbath from polluting it, and taketh hold of My covenant;

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite. The other ½ must be Adamite? Estranged Israelite.

Isaiah 60:10  And the sons of strangers shall build up your walls, and their kings shall minister unto you: for in My wrath I smote you, but in My favour have I had mercy on you.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite. Estranged Israelite.

Isaiah 61:5  And strangers (H2114-foreigners) shall stand and feed your flocks, and the sons of the alien shall be your plowmen and your vinedressers.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite. Estranged Israelite.

Isaiah 62:8  Yahweh hath sworn by His right hand, and by the arm of His strength, Surely I will no more give your corn to be meat for your enemies; and the sons of the stranger shall not drink your wine, for the which you hast laboured:

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite. Estranged Israelite.

Jeremiah 5:19  And it shall come to pass, when ye shall say, Wherefore doeth Yahweh our God all these things unto us? then shalt you answer them, Like as ye have forsaken Me, and served strange gods in your land, so shall ye serve strangers (H2114-aliens) in a land that is not yours.

Foreign gods.

Jeremiah 8:19  Behold the voice of the cry of the daughter of My people because of them that dwell in a far country: Is not Yahweh in Zion? is not her king in her? Why have they provoked Me to anger with their graven images, and with strange vanities?

Foreign worthlessness.

Ezekiel 44:7  In that ye have brought into My sanctuary strangers (and H1121), uncircumcised in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in My sanctuary, to pollute it, even My house, when ye offer My bread, the fat and the blood, and they have broken My covenant because of all your abominations.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite. Estranged Israelites.

Ezekiel 44:9  Thus saith Yahweh GOD; No stranger (and H1121), uncircumcised in heart, nor uncircumcised in flesh, shall enter into My sanctuary, of any stranger (and H1121) that is among the children of Israel.

Son of an unknown. A ½ caste Israelite. Estranged Israelites.

Daniel 11:39  Thus shall he (Caesar Augustus, Herod, Popes?) do in the most strong holds with a strange god, whom he shall acknowledge and increase with glory: and he shall cause them to rule over many, and shall divide the land for gain.

Foreign god. May be a reference to Catholicism.

Malachi 2:11  Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem; for Judah hath profaned the holiness of Yahweh which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god.

A reference to race mixing.

 

 

Nokriy (an adjective).

In our context it describes one who is not of Israel but is a Shemite or Hebrew versus an alien (zuwr).

Harlots, in Israelite times, were typically not Israelite women, but were quite similar in appearance because they were in a broadly related genetic line. Thus it refers to Hebrew people with whom marriage is forbidden - Canaanites, Moabites, Ammonites, etc and with whom Israelites were always led away to other gods. These people had no rights or privileges in Israel. In this context, we can use the term foreign.

 

H5237 nokrı̂y  nok-ree'

From H5235 unexpected calamity (second form); strange, in a variety of degrees and applications (foreign, non-relative, adulterous, different, wonderful): - alien, foreigner, outlandish, strange (-r, woman).

Used 46X

Genesis 31:15  Are we not counted of him strangers? for he hath sold us, and hath quite devoured also our money.

Referring to Rachel and Leah and their father Laban. Jacob worked 14 years in return for Laban's daughters.

His daughters felt like non-relatives.

Exodus 2:22  And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger (H1616-Israelite sojourner) in a strange land.

In a foreign land.

Exodus 18:3  And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien (H1616-Israelite sojourner) in a strange land:

In a foreign land.

Exodus 21:8  If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.

A non Israelite nation. You could not put an Israelite woman into a non Israelite household.

*Deuteronomy 14:21  Ye shall not eat of any thing that dieth of itself: you shalt give it unto the stranger (H1616) that is in your gates, that he may eat it; or you mayest sell it unto an alien: for you art an holy people unto Yahweh your God. You shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.

Problem with translation of H1616, which is an Israelite sojourner. Israelites may NOT eat that which dieth of itself.

The alien would be a non-Israelite.

Deuteronomy 15:3  Of a foreigner you mayest exact it again: but that which is your with your brother your hand shall release;

Of a non-Israelite.

Deuteronomy 17:15  You shalt in any wise set him king over you, whom Yahweh your God shall choose: one from among your brethren shalt you set king over you: you mayest not set a stranger (and H376) over you, which is not your brother.

No non-Israelite set over us. We failed at this law, hence Obama, and all the Jews in office.

Deuteronomy 23:20  Unto a stranger you mayest lend upon usury; but unto your brother you shalt not lend upon usury: that Yahweh your God may bless you in all that you settest your hand to in the land whither you goest to possess it.

Foreigner. Non-Israelite.

Deuteronomy 29:22  So that the generation to come of your children that shall rise up after you, and the stranger that shall come from a far land, shall say, when they see the plagues of that land, and the sicknesses which Yahweh hath laid upon it;

Foreigner, non-Israelite.

Judges 19:12  And his master said unto him, We will not turn aside hither into the city of a stranger, that is not of the children of Israel; we will pass over to Gibeah.

Foreigner, non Israelite.

Ruth 2:10  Then she fell on her face, and bowed herself to the ground, and said unto him, Why have I found grace in your eyes, that you shouldest take knowledge of me, seeing I am a stranger?

Ruth knew she was a foreigner, but Ruth was also an Israelite that relocated to Israelite lands.

2Samuel 15:19  Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite, Wherefore goest you also with us? return to your place, and abide with the king: for you art a stranger, and also an exile.

Foreigner, non Israelite.

1Kings 8:41  Moreover concerning a stranger, that is not of Your people Israel, but cometh out of a far country for Your name's sake;

Foreigner, non Israelite.

Verse 41 is not talking about the other races, Yahweh demands we be separate from them.

In verse 41, a stranger, that is not of thy people Israel, would be referring to Adamites.

All Israelites are Adamites. Not all Adamites are Israelites.

Adamites are all the Genesis 10 nations. All the branches of Adam from Seth to Isaac.

8:42  (For they shall hear of Your great name, and of Your strong hand, and of Your stretched out arm;) when he shall come and pray toward this house;

1Kings 8:43  Hear You in heaven Your dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to You for: that all people of the earth may know Your name, to fear You, as do Your people Israel; and that they may know that this house, which I have builded, is called by Your name.

Adamites are also Yahweh's children. Israelites are the leadership of our race.

1Kings 11:1  But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites;

Alien women of all races. Solomon was a bad boy.

1Kings 11:8  And likewise did he for all his strange wives, which burnt incense and sacrificed unto their gods.

His alien wives pulled him away from his own race and from Yahweh.

2Chronicles 6:32  Moreover concerning the stranger, which is not of your people Israel, but is come from a far country for Your great name's sake, and Your mighty hand, and Your stretched out arm; if they come and pray in this house;

2Chronicles 6:33  Then hear You from the heavens, even from Your dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to You for; that all people of the earth may know Your name, and fear You, as doth Your people Israel, and may know that this house which I have built is called by Your name.

Like in 1Kings 8:41-43, this is a repeat, referring to Adamites.

Ezra 10:2  And Shechaniah the son of Jehiel, one of the sons of Elam, answered and said unto Ezra, We have trespassed against our God, and have taken strange wives of the people of the land: yet now there is hope in Israel concerning this thing.

Aliens, foreigners of other races.

Ezra 10:10  And Ezra the priest stood up, and said unto them, Ye have transgressed, and have taken strange wives, to increase the trespass of Israel.

From other races.

Ezra 10:11  Now therefore make confession unto Yahweh God of your fathers, and do His pleasure: and separate yourselves from the people of the land, and from the strange wives.

Alien race wives.

Ezra 10:14  Let now our rulers of all the congregation stand, and let all them which have taken strange wives in our cities come at appointed times, and with them the elders of every city, and the judges thereof, until the fierce wrath of our God for this matter be turned from us.

Foreign race wives.

Ezra 10:17  And they made an end with all the men that had taken strange wives by the first day of the first month.

Alien race wives.

Ezra 10:18  And among the sons of the priests there were found that had taken strange wives: namely, of the sons of Jeshua the son of Jozadak, and his brethren; Maaseiah, and Eliezer, and Jarib, and Gedaliah.

Alien wives.

Ezra 10:44  All these had taken strange wives: and some of them had wives by whom they had children.

Foreign race wives. By mixing with other races, the children are also foreign and alien. Unacceptable.

Nehemiah 13:26  Did not Solomon king of Israel sin by these things? yet among many nations was there no king like him, who was beloved of his God, and God made him king over all Israel: nevertheless even him did outlandish women cause to sin.

Solomon sinned with alien races.

Nehemiah 13:27  Shall we then hearken unto you to do all this great evil, to transgress against our God in marrying strange wives?

No alien race marriages.

Job 19:15  They that dwell in mine house, and my maids, count me for a stranger (H2114-alien): I am an alien in their sight.

Foreign.

Psalm 69:8  I am become a stranger (H2114-foreign) unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children.

Foreign.

Proverbs 2:16  To deliver you from the strange (H2114-alien) woman, even from the stranger which flattereth with her words;

Foreigner, adulterer.

Proverbs 5:10  Lest strangers (H2114-aliens) be filled with your wealth; and your labours be in the house of a stranger;

Aliens, foreigners.

Proverbs 5:20  And why wilt you, my son, be ravished with a strange woman (H2114-alien), and embrace the bosom of a stranger?

Different race, alien, foreigner.

Proverbs 6:24  To keep you from the evil woman, from the flattery of the tongue of a strange woman.

Adulterer, alien, foreigner.  

Proverbs 20:16  Take his garment that is surety for a stranger (H2114-alien): and take a pledge of him for a strange woman.

Alien, foreign.

Proverbs 23:27  For a whore is a deep ditch; and a strange woman is a narrow pit.

Adulterer, alien, foreigner.

Proverbs 27:2  Let another man praise you, and not your own mouth; a stranger, and not your own lips.

Alien, foreigner, non-Israelite.

Ecclesiastes 6:2  A man to whom God hath given riches, wealth, and honour, so that he wanteth nothing for his soul of all that he desireth, yet God giveth him not power to eat thereof, but a stranger (and H376) eateth it: this is vanity, and it is an evil disease.

Yahweh blessed America, yet the aliens eat it.

Isaiah 2:6  Therefore you hast forsaken your people the house of Jacob, because they be replenished from the east, and are soothsayers like the Philistines, and they please themselves in the children of strangers.

Race mixing with Canaanites, Edomites and other races.

Isaiah 28:21  For Yahweh shall rise up as in mount Perazim, He shall be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon, that He may do His work, His strange (H2114-strange) work; and bring to pass His act, His strange act.

His wonderful act. Sinners that do not know better think these acts of punishment are strange.

Jeremiah 2:21  Yet I had planted you a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art you turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto Me?

Adultery, foreign, alien. Race mixed.

Lamentations 5:2  Our inheritance is turned to strangers (H2114-aliens), our houses to aliens.

Foreigners.

Obadiah 1:11  In the day that you stoodest on the other side, in the day that the strangers (H2114-aliens) carried away captive his forces, and foreigners entered into his gates, and cast lots upon Jerusalem, even you wast as one of them.

Obadiah 1:12  But you shouldest not have looked on the day of your brother in the day that he became a stranger; neither shouldest you have rejoiced over the children of Judah in the day of their destruction; neither shouldest you have spoken proudly in the day of distress.

Prophecy of Edom.

Israelites were estranged from Yahweh through their sins. Edom helped in their destruction.

Zephaniah 1:8  And it shall come to pass in the day of Yahweh's sacrifice, that I will punish the princes, and the king's children, and all such as are clothed with strange apparel.

Outlandish, alien, foreign, non-Israelite apparel.

 

 

Toshab (towshab) is a noun.

The basic thought is of non-acquaintance and non-relatedness. A complete alien; no racial connection. In our context, one who is not an Israelite, Shemite or Hebrew. This

person has no rights or protection under the Law and be killed on sight if found near the Temple. We can use the term alien.

The majority of the references are to a temporary, landless, wage earner, hence, not naturalized. In our context, the lowest order and, basically, had no rights other than

access to the cities of refuge.

The children of the towshab could be bought as a perpetual servants, without prospect of redemption, and could not hold any position of authority. In this context we can use the expression temporary resident.

Toshab also seems to include racial kinsman in some contexts.

 

H8453 tôshâb  tôshâb  to-shawb', to-shawb'

(The second form used in Kings Numbers_17:1); from H3427 dwell, settle; a dweller (but not outlandish, H5237 alien, non relative); especially (as distinguished from a native citizen (active participle of H3427 dwell, settle) and a temporary inmate, H1616 guest, or mere lodger, H3885 stay) resident alien: - foreigner-inhabitant, sojourner, stranger.

Used 14X

Genesis 23:4  I am a stranger (H1616-Israelite sojourner) and a sojourner with you: give me a possession of a buryingplace with you, that I may bury my dead out of my sight.

Temporary resident.

Exodus 12:45  A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.

One of another race.

Leviticus 22:10  There shall no stranger (H2114-alien) eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Temporary resident, alien.

Leviticus 25:6  And the sabbath of the land shall be meat for you; for you, and for your servant, and for your maid, and for your hired servant, and for your stranger that sojourneth (H1481-dwells, lodges) with you,

Temporary resident.

Leviticus 25:23  The land shall not be sold for ever: for the land is Mine; for ye are strangers (H1616-kinsman visitors) and sojourners with Me.

Temporary residents.

The world in this old age will be replaced with a new world when Christ returns. We are not of this world (society), but of the next (kingdom of righteousness).

Leviticus 25:35  And if your brother be waxen poor, and fallen in decay with you; then you shalt relieve him: yea, though he be a stranger (H1616-Israelite sojourner), or a sojourner; that he may live with you.

Temporary resident.

Leviticus 25:40  But as an hired servant, and as a sojourner, he shall be with you, and shall serve you unto the year of jubilee:

Temporary resident.

Leviticus 25:45  Moreover of the children of the strangers that do sojourn (H1481-dwell, remain) among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they begat in your land: and they shall be your possession.

Children of the racial alien.

Leviticus 25:47  And if a sojourner (H1616-Israelite foreigner) or stranger wax rich by you, and your brother that dwelleth by him wax poor, and sell himself unto the stranger (H1616-Israelite foreigner) or sojourner by you, or to the stock of the stranger's (H1616-Israelite foreigner's) family:

Temporary resident.

25:48  After that he is sold he may be redeemed again; one of his brethren may redeem him:

Let's read it simply.

And if an Israelite sojourner or a temporary resident becomes rich by you, and your brother in distress sell himself unto that Israelite sojourner or temporary resident that is with you, or to the stock of the Israelite sojourner's family: after he is sold to him there shall be redemption for him, one of his brethren shall redeem him.

*Numbers 35:15  These six cities shall be a refuge, both for the children of Israel, and for the stranger (H1616-Israelite sojourner), and for the sojourner among them: that every one that killeth any person unawares may flee thither.

Temporary resident.

1Kings 17:1  And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said unto Ahab, As Yahweh God of Israel liveth, before whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor rain these years, but according to my word.

Temporary residents.

1Chronicles 29:15  For we are strangers (H1616-kinsman visitors) before you, and sojourners, as were all our fathers: our days on the earth are as a shadow, and there is none abiding.

Temporary residents.

Psalm 39:12  Hear my prayer, O Yahweh, and give ear unto my cry; hold not Your peace at my tears: for I am a stranger (H1616-kinsman visitor) with you, and a sojourner, as all my fathers were.

Temporary resident.

 

 

 

NEW TESTAMENT

 

G241 allogenēs  al-log-en-ace'

From G243 else, different and G1085 -From G1096- kin; foreign, that is, not a Judaean: - stranger.

Used 1X

Luke 17:18  There are not found that returned to give glory to God, save this stranger.

According to Liddell & Scott, Herodotus and others used the Greek word for 'stranger' here to describe a tribal subdivision within a nation.

While Christ states explicitly that He came only for the children of Israel, who came from Abraham through Jacob, other members of the anglo-saxon race are descendants of Adam to Abraham. Israelites are the chosen nations of the race of Adam chosen to lead.

 

 

Allotrios (adjective). This is the equivalent of the Hebrew nekar. We can use the term foreigner.

 

G245 allotrios  al-lot'-ree-os

From G243 else, different; another's, that is, not one’s own; by extension foreign, not akin, hostile: - alien, (an-) other (man’s, men’s), strange (-r).

Used 14X

Matthew 17:25  He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented (anticipated) him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take custom (duties) or tribute(taxes)? of their own children(sons), or of strangers (aliens)?

Aliens, another's.

Matthew 17:26  Peter saith unto Him, Of strangers (aliens). Jesus saith unto him, Then are the children (sons) free.

17:27  Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them for Me and thee.

Christ consistently complied with the customs of the time, having subjected Himself to the Society which He originally created, although it had certainly become corrupted.

We are slaves with duties and pay taxes in our own land while the aliens (non-whites) consume our substance. The 'children' (us) are NOT free then.

Luke 16:12  And if ye have not been faithful in that which is another man's, who shall give you that which is your own?

John 10:1  Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.

2  But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.

3  To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.

4  And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.

John 10:5  And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.

Another, an alien's. Not akin.

Acts 7:6  And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years.

Hostile, foreign land. But the Egyptians were kinsman.

Romans 14:4  Who art you that judgest another man's servant? to his own master he standeth or falleth. Yea, he shall be holden up: for God is able to make him stand.

Romans 15:20  Yea, so have I strived to preach the gospel, not where Christ was named, lest I should build upon another man's foundation:

2Corinthians 10:15  Not boasting of things without our measure, that is, of other men's labours; but having hope, when your faith is increased, that we shall be enlarged by you according to our rule abundantly,

2Corinthians 10:16  To preach the gospel in the regions beyond you, and not to boast in another man's line of things made ready to our hand.

1Timothy 5:22  Lay hands suddenly on no man, neither be partaker of other men's sins: keep thyself pure.

Hebrews 9:25  Nor yet that He should offer Himself often, as the high priest entereth into the holy place every year with blood of others;

Hebrews 11:9  By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country, dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise:

Alien, foreign.

Hebrews 11:34  Quenched the violence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weakness were made strong, waxed valiant in fight, turned to flight the armies of the aliens.

 

 

Apallotrioo (a verb).To be rendered alien, to be alienated; the condition of unbelievers is presented in a threefold state of alienation (a) from the commonwealth of Israel (b) from the love of God (c) from God Himself. Hence, to be shut out from one’s group. There is no obvious equivalent for this word in the Hebrew terms above. We can use the term estranged.

 

G526 apallotrioō  ap-al-lot-ree-o'-o

From G575 off, away and a derivative of G245 another's, foreign, not akin, hostile; to estrange away, that is, (passively and figuratively) to be non participant: - alienate, be alien.

Used 3X

Ephesians 2:12  That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers (G3581-without the knowledge) from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

Estranged.

Ephesians 4:18  Having the understanding darkened, being alienated from the life of God through the ignorance that is in them, because of the blindness of their heart:

Estranged.

Colossians 1:21  And you, that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works, yet now hath He reconciled

Estranged.

 

 

G1170 deina  di'-nah

Probably from the same as G1171 terribly, excessively (through the idea of forgetting the name as fearful, that is, strange); so and so (when the person is not specified): - such a man.

Used 1X

Matthew 26:18  And He said, Go into the city to such a man, and say unto him, The Master saith, My time is at hand; I will keep the passover at thy house with My disciples.

 

 

Epidemeo (a verb). To be present among one's people, in one's city or one's native land; to be a sojourner; of a foreign resident, among any people, in any country. This is the participle equivalent of the Hebrew ger. We can use the term visiting.

 

G1927 epidēmeō  ep-ee-day-meh'-o

From a compound of G1909 A primary preposition properly meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.) and G1218 the public (as bound together socially): - people.; to make oneself at home, that is, (by extension) to reside (in a foreign country): - [be] dwelling (which were) there, stranger.

Used 2X

Acts 2:10  Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Judaeans and proselytes,

Acts 17:21  (For all the Athenians and strangers (G3581-guest) which were there spent their time in nothing else, but either to tell, or to hear some new thing.)

Paul always addressed Israelites and those of our race.

 

 

Xenos (an adjective). A foreigner, a stranger; alien (from a person or a thing); without the knowledge of, without a share in; new, unheard of; one who receives and entertains another hospitably; with whom he stays or lodges, a host. Strange; denotes a stranger in the sense of an unknown person of the same group (such as people of the same race).There is no equivalent for this word in the Hebrew terms above. We can use the term stranger.

 

G3581 xenos  xen'-os

Apparently a primary word; foreign (literally alien, or figuratively novel); by implication a guest or (vice-versa) entertainer: - host, strange (-r).

Used 14X

Matthew 25:35  For I was an hungred, and ye gave Me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave Me drink: I was a stranger, and ye took Me in:

Unknown person.

Matthew 25:38  When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee?

An unknown person.

Matthew 25:43  I was a stranger, and ye took Me not in: naked, and ye clothed Me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited Me not.

An unknown person.

Matthew 25:44  Then shall they also answer him, saying, Master, when saw we thee an hungred, or athirst, or a stranger, or naked, or sick, or in prison, and did not minister unto thee?

An unknown person.

25:45  Then shall He answer them, saying, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to Me.

Even when we do not know one of our brethren, we must still show brotherly love towards our race.

Matthew 27:7  And they took counsel, and bought with them the potter's field, to bury strangers in.

Unkowns.

Acts 17:18  Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of the Stoicks, encountered him. And some said, What will this babbler say? other some, He seemeth to be a setter forth of strange gods: because he preached unto them Jesus, and the resurrection.

Unheard of or unknown god.

Acts 17:21  (For all the Athenians and strangers which were there spent their time in nothing else, but either to tell, or to hear some new thing.)

They were philosophers. The strangers were foreigners and guests.

Romans 16:23  Gaius mine host, and of the whole assembly, saluteth you. Erastus the chamberlain of the city saluteth you, and Quartus a brother.

Guest, entertainer.

Ephesians 2:12  That at that time ye were without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers from the covenants of promise, having no hope, and without God in the world:

Without the knowledge of the covenants and promises, and Yahweh.

Ephesians 2:19  Now therefore ye are no more strangers and foreigners (G3941-temporary residents), but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;

No more ignorant, no more without a share in the reconciliation of the houses of Israel.

The northern house of Israel became ignorant of their heritage and God. These were those Israelites that did not return to Judaea after captivity and went elsewhere. It was these that Paul preached the gospel. To remind them who they were and of their inheritance.

Hebrews 11:13  These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers and pilgrims (G3927-resident foreigners) on the earth.

We are foreigners and pilgrims on the earth.

Hebrews 13:9  Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.

Foreign or alien doctrine.

1Peter 4:12  Beloved, think it not strange concerning the fiery trial which is to try you, as though some strange thing happened unto you:

Foreign or alien thing.

3John 1:5  Beloved, you doest faithfully whatsoever you doest to the brethren, and to strangers;

Guests.

 

 

Parepidemos (adjective used as a noun) One who comes from a foreign country into a city or land to reside there by the side of the natives; a stranger; sojourning in a strange place, a foreigner; in the NT metaph. in reference to heaven as the native country, one who sojourns on earth. Sojourning in a strange place away from one’s own people. Used of those to whom Heaven is their own country and who are sojourners on Earth. Denotes a sojourner, an exile; used of OT saints.

As this term is related to epidemeo above, it is the equivalent of the Hebrew ger. We will use the term visitor.

 

G3927 parepidēmos  par-ep-id'-ay-mos

From G3844 near, vicinity, proximity and the base of G1927 make oneself at home; an alien alongside, that is, a resident foreigner: - pilgrim, stranger.

Used 3X

Hebrews 11:13  These all died in faith, not having received the promises, but having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed that they were strangers (G3581-pilgrims) and pilgrims (visitors) on the earth.

1Peter 1:1  Peter, an apostle of Jesus Christ, to the strangers scattered throughout Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, Asia, and Bithynia,

Visitors.

1Peter 2:11  Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers (G3941-temporary residents) and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Visitors.

 

 

G3939 paroikeō  par-oy-keh'-o

From G3844 near, vicinity, proximity and G3611 occupy a house; to dwell near, that is, reside as a foreigner: - sojourn in, be a stranger.

Used 2X

Luke 24:18  And the one of them, whose name was Cleopas, answering said unto him, Are you only a stranger in Jerusalem, and hast not known the things which are come to pass there in these days?

Sojourner.

Hebrews 11:9  By faith he sojourned in the land of promise, as in a strange country (G245-alien), dwelling in tabernacles with Isaac and Jacob, the heirs with him of the same promise:

Dwelled.

 

 

Paroikia (noun). A dwelling near or with one; a sojourning, dwelling in a strange land; metaph. the life of a man here on earth is likened to a sojourning. This is the equivalent of the Hebrew towshab. We will use the term temporary resident.

 

G3940 paroikia  par-oy-kee'-ah

From G3941 having a home near; foreign residence: - sojourning, X as strangers.

Used 2X

Acts 13:17  The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought he them out of it.

Temporary residents.

1Peter 1:17  And if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear:

Temporary residence.

 

 

Paroikos (an adjective).Dwelling near, neighbouring; in the NT, a stranger, a foreigner, one who lives in a place without the right of citizenship; metaph. without citizenship in God's kingdom; one who lives on earth as a stranger, a sojourner on the earth; of Christians whose home is in heaven. One who dwells in a place. 1 Peter 2:11 - as sojourners (paroikous) and aliens (parepidemous). This is the equivalent of the Hebrew towshab. We can use the term temporary resident.

 

G3941 paroikos  par'-oy-kos

From G3844 near, vicinity, proximity and G3624 a dwelling (more or less extensive, literally or figuratively); by implication a family (more or less related, literally or figuratively): - home, house (-hold), temple.; having a home near, that is, (as noun) a by-dweller (alien resident): - foreigner, sojourn, stranger.

Used 4X

Acts 7:6  And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange (G245-alien) land; and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years.

Temporarily reside.

Acts 7:29  Then fled Moses at this saying, and was a stranger in the land of Madian, where he begat two sons.

Temporary residence.

Ephesians 2:19  Now therefore ye are no more strangers (G3581-ignorant) and foreigners, but fellowcitizens with the saints, and of the household of God;

Temporary residents.

1Peter 2:11  Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims (G3927-visitors), abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul;

Temporary residents.

 

 

G5381 philonexia  fil-on-ex-ee'-ah

From G5382 fond of guests; hospitableness: - entertain strangers, hospitality.

Used 2X

Romans 12:13  Distributing to the necessity of (the) saints; given to hospitality.

Hebrews 13:2  Be not forgetful to entertain strangers: for thereby some have entertained angels unawares.

 

Stranger bottom

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