Judges

JUDGES

Shaphatiym

 

Samuel likely wrote this book.

 

Israel served and obeyed Yahweh till Joshua died.

When the children of Israel entered Canaan they were instructed to rid the land of the wickedly corrupt and idol-worshiping inhabitants, and o make no treaties with them. They only partially obeyed and from this, sprang many evil consequences to them.

Then, another generation grew up 'who knew not Yahweh, nor yet the works He had done for Israel.' Thy had not been through slavery in Egypt, and they had not participated in the crossing of the Red Sea, or in the wilderness life. They only saw the idol-worshiping around them and 'forsook the God of their fathers.'

This book is a sorry story of sinning, of punishment, of repentance and of deliverance, not once, but many times.

 

During all these periods of wrong-doing, (there are seven such described in Judges) God rased up tribesmen in Israel who felt the departures from Yahweh as a burden upon them. They were patriots and religious reformers who believed that blessing and prosperity were inseparably connected with obedience to Yahweh's laws and commandments. Thirteen Judges are recorded in this book.

Many years later, the prophet Isaiah foretold that when the Kingdom of Yahweh is set up under the rule of Christ, this ancient method of administration will be restored. 'I will restore your judges as at the first.'

 

The time period of the Judges covered 400 years.

 

Enoch LXXXIX. 89:41-50. From the Time of the Judges till the Building of the Temple.

41 And sometimes their eyes were opened, and sometimes blinded, till another sheep arose and led them and brought them all back, and their eyes were opened. 42 And the dogs and the foxes and the wild boars began to devour those sheep till Yahweh of the sheep raised up [another sheep] a ram (Saul) from their 43 midst, which led them. And that ram began to butt on either side those dogs, foxes, and wild 44 boars till he had destroyed them all. And that sheep whose eyes were opened (Samuel) saw that ram, which was amongst the sheep, till it forsook its glory and began to butt those sheep, and trampled upon them, and behaved itself 45 unseemly. And Yahweh of the sheep sent the lamb (Samuel) to another lamb (David) and raised it to being a ram and leader of the sheep instead of that 46 ram which had forsaken its glory. And it went to it and spake to it alone, and raised it to being a ram, and made it the prince and leader of the sheep; but during all these things those dogs 47 oppressed the sheep. And the first ram pursued that second ram, and that second ram arose and fled before it; and I saw till those dogs pulled 48 down the first ram. And that second ram arose 49 and led the [little] sheep. And those sheep grew and multiplied; but all the dogs, and foxes, and wild boars feared and fled before it, and that ram butted and killed the wild beasts, and those wild beasts had no longer any power among the 48b sheep and robbed them no more of ought. And that ram begat many sheep and fell asleep; and a little sheep (Solomon) became ram in its stead, and became prince and leader of those sheep. 50 And that house became great and broad, and it was built for those sheep: (and) a tower lofty and great was built on the house for Yahweh of the sheep, and that house was low, but the tower was elevated and lofty, and Yahweh of the sheep stood on that tower and they offered a full table before Him.

 

Names of the Judges for whom this book is named:

Othniel – Caleb's God-fearing nephew

Ehud – who was left handed

Shamgar – a rustic who, with an ox-goad, delivered Israel

Deborah – a 'mother in Israel'

Barak – a man who would not go forward without Deborah

Gideon – a farmer, a 'mighty man of valour'

Tola

Jair

Jephthah – the despised son of a harlot but also a 'mighty man of valour'

Ibzan

Elon

Abdon

Samson – whose birth, like that of Isaac and of our Prince Yahshua, was announced by an angel. His name is a byword for strength.

After the death of Samson, confusion (civil and religious) prevailed, with the tribes fighting each other, and the book of Judges closes with these significant words, 'There was no King in Israel' – that is to say, there was no leader, no Moses, no Joshua, no Judge, and 'every man did that which was right in his own eyes.'

 

Chapter 1-2 are introduction

3-16 recount stories of the judges who lead or rescued the people

17-21 describe the conditions of the times

 

 

Judges H8199 means leaders. It does not mean a judge, as in a court room.

 

Judges 1:1  Now after the death of Joshua it came to pass, that the children of Israel asked Yahweh, saying, Who shall go up for us against the Canaanites first, to fight against them?

 1:2  And Yahweh said, Judah shall go up: behold, I have delivered the land into his hand.   (Jasher 91:2)

 1:3  And Judah said unto Simeon his brother, Come up with me into my lot, that we may fight against the Canaanites; and I likewise will go with you into your lot. So Simeon went with him.

 1:4  And Judah went up; and Yahweh delivered the Canaanites and the Perizzites into their hand: and they slew of them in Bezek ten thousand men.

 1:5  And they found Adonibezek in Bezek: and they fought against him, and they slew the Canaanites and the Perizzites.

 1:6  But Adonibezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, and cut off his thumbs and his great toes.

 1:7  And Adonibezek said, Threescore and ten kings, having their thumbs and their great toes cut off, gathered their meat under my table: as I have done, so God hath requited me. And they brought him to Jerusalem, and there he died.

What goes around comes around.

Leviticus 24:19  And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him;

 1:8  Now the children of Judah had fought against Jerusalem, and had taken it, and smitten it with the edge of the sword, and set the city on fire.

 1:9  And afterward the children of Judah went down to fight against the Canaanites, that dwelt in the mountain, and in the south, and in the valley.

 1:10  And Judah went against the Canaanites that dwelt in Hebron: (now the name of Hebron before was Kirjatharba:) and they slew Sheshai, and Ahiman, and Talmai.

Three giants, sons of Anak.

 1:11  And from thence he went against the inhabitants of Debir: and the name of Debir before was Kirjathsepher:

 1:12  And Caleb said, He that smiteth Kirjathsepher, and taketh it, to him will I give Achsah my daughter to wife.

 1:13  And Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother, took it: and he gave him Achsah his daughter to wife.

 1:14  And it came to pass, when she came to him, that she moved him to ask of her father a field: and she lighted from off her ass; and Caleb said unto her, What wilt you?

 1:15  And she said unto him, Give me a blessing (present): for you hast given me a south land; give me also springs of water. And Caleb gave her the upper springs and the nether springs.

 1:16  And the children of the Kenite, Moses' father in law, went up out of the city of palm trees with the children of Judah into the wilderness of Judah, which lieth in the south of Arad; and they went and dwelt among the people.

H7014 Kenite were offshoots of the Midianites. Racial kinsmen.

 1:17  And Judah went with Simeon his brother, and they slew the Canaanites that inhabited Zephath, and utterly destroyed it (dedicated it for destruction). And the name of the city was called Hormah.

 1:18  Also Judah took Gaza with the coast thereof, and Askelon with the coast thereof, and Ekron with the coast thereof.

Joshua 11:22  There was none of the Anakims (giants) left in the land of the children of Israel: only in Gaza, in Gath, and in Ashdod, there remained.

 1:19  And Yahweh was with Judah; and he drave out the inhabitants of the mountain; but could not drive out the inhabitants of the valley, because they had chariots of iron.

Joshua 17:16,18

16  And the children of Joseph said, The hill is not enough for us: and all the Canaanites that dwell in the land of the valley have chariots of iron, both they who are of Bethshean and her towns, and they who are of the valley of Jezreel.

18  But the mountain shall be your; for it is a wood, and you shalt cut it down: and the outgoings of it shall be your: for you shalt drive out the Canaanites, though they have iron chariots, and though they be strong.

 1:20  And they gave Hebron unto Caleb, as Moses said: and he expelled thence the three sons of Anak.

Numbers 14:24  But My servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed Me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it.

 1:21  And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day.

 1:22  And the house of Joseph, they also went up against Bethel: and Yahweh was with them.

 1:23  And the house of Joseph sent to descry (survey) Bethel. (Now the name of the city before was Luz.)

Joshua 7:2  And Joshua sent men from Jericho to Ai, which is beside Bethaven, on the east side of Bethel, and spake unto them, saying, Go up and view the country. And the men went up and viewed Ai.

 1:24  And the spies saw a man come forth out of the city, and they said unto him, Shew us, we pray you, the entrance into the city, and we will shew you mercy.

 1:25  And when he shewed them the entrance into the city, they smote the city with the edge of the sword; but they let go the man and all his family.

 1:26  And the man went into the land of the Hittites, and built a city, and called the name thereof Luz: which is the name thereof unto this day.

 1:27  Neither did Manasseh drive out the inhabitants of Bethshean and her towns, nor Taanach and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Dor and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Ibleam and her towns, nor the inhabitants of Megiddo and her towns: but the Canaanites would dwell in that land.

 1:28  And it came to pass, when Israel was strong, that they put the Canaanites to tribute, and did not utterly drive them out.   (Josh 17:11-13)

 1:29  Neither did Ephraim drive out the Canaanites that dwelt in Gezer; but the Canaanites dwelt in Gezer among them.   (Josh 16:10)

1Kings 9:16  For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon's wife.

 1:30  Neither did Zebulun drive out the inhabitants of Kitron, nor the inhabitants of Nahalol; but the Canaanites dwelt among them, and became tributaries.

 1:31  Neither did Asher drive out the inhabitants of Accho, nor the inhabitants of Zidon, nor of Ahlab, nor of Achzib, nor of Helbah, nor of Aphik, nor of Rehob:

 1:32  But the Asherites dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: for they did not drive them out.

 1:33  Neither did Naphtali drive out the inhabitants of Bethshemesh, nor the inhabitants of Bethanath; but he dwelt among the Canaanites, the inhabitants of the land: nevertheless the inhabitants of Bethshemesh and of Bethanath became tributaries unto them.

 1:34  And the Amorites forced the children of Dan into the mountain: for they would not suffer them to come down to the valley:

 1:35  But the Amorites would dwell in mount Heres in Aijalon, and in Shaalbim: yet the hand of the house of Joseph prevailed, so that they became tributaries.

 1:36  And the coast of the Amorites was from the going up to Akrabbim, from the rock, and upward.

 

 

Israel's disobedience

Judges 2:1  And an angel (divine messenger) of Yahweh came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, I made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your (fore) fathers; and I said, I will never break My covenant with you.

 2:2  And ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land; ye shall throw down their altars: but ye have not obeyed My voice: why have ye done this?

Deuteronomy 7:2  And when Yahweh your God shall deliver them before you; you shalt smite them, and utterly destroy them; you shalt make no covenant with them, nor shew mercy unto them:

12:3  And ye shall overthrow their altars, and break their pillars, and burn their groves with fire; and ye shall hew down the graven images of their gods, and destroy the names of them out of that place.

 2:3  Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.

Numbers 33:55  But if ye will not drive out the inhabitants of the land from before you; then it shall come to pass, that those which ye let remain of them shall be pricks in your eyes, and thorns in your sides, and shall vex you in the land wherein ye dwell.

Joshua 23:13  Know for a certainty that Yahweh your God will no more drive out any of these nations from before you; but they shall be snares and traps unto you, and scourges in your sides, and thorns in your eyes, until ye perish from off this good land which Yahweh your God hath given you.

Exodus 23:33  They shall not dwell in your land, lest they make you sin against Me: for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare unto you.

 2:4  And it came to pass, when the angel (messenger) of Yahweh spake these words unto all the children of Israel, that the people lifted up their voice, and wept.

 2:5  And they called the name of that place Bochim (The Weepers): and they sacrificed there unto Yahweh.

 2:6  And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land.

Joshua 22:6  So Joshua blessed them, and sent them away: and they went unto their tents.

 2:7  And the people served Yahweh all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of Yahweh, that He did for Israel.

 2:8  And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of Yahweh, died, being an hundred and ten years old.

 2:9  And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnathheres, in the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of the hill Gaash.

 2:10  And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers (ancestors): and there arose another generation after them, which knew not Yahweh, nor yet the works which He had done for Israel.

Exodus 5:2  And Pharaoh said, Who is Yahweh, that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I know not Yahweh, neither will I let Israel go.

1Samuel 2:12  Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial; they knew not Yahweh.

When we do not walk in Yahweh's Ways we fall away, every generation knows Him less and less, until the newest generation never even heard of Him.

 2:11  And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of Yahweh, and served Baalim:

 2:12  And they forsook Yahweh God of their fathers (ancestors), which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked Yahweh to anger.

Deuteronomy 31:16  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Behold, you shalt sleep with your fathers; and this people will rise up, and go a whoring after the gods of the strangers of the land, whither they go to be among them, and will forsake Me, and break My covenant which I have made with them.

 2:13  And they forsook Yahweh, and served Baal and Ashtaroth.

Psalm 106:36  And they served their idols: which were a snare unto them.

Baal is what we call God and Jesus now and Easter is a pagan holiday of Ashtaroth. Yes, we have become pagan once again.

 2:14  And the anger of Yahweh was hot against Israel, and He delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and He sold them into the hands of their (hated) enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their (hated) enemies.

 2:15  Whithersoever they went out, the hand of Yahweh was against them for evil (harm), as Yahweh had said, and as Yahweh had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed.

 2:16  Nevertheless Yahweh raised up judges (leaders), which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them.

 2:17  And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers (ancestors) walked in, obeying the commandments of Yahweh; but they did not so.

 2:18  And when Yahweh raised them up judges, then Yahweh was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their (hated) enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented (moved) Yahweh because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them.

Joshua 1:5  There shall not any man be able to stand before you all the days of your life: as I was with Moses, so I will be with you: I will not fail you, nor forsake you.

Genesis 6:6  And it repented Yahweh that He had made man on the earth, and it grieved Him at His heart.

 2:19  And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted themselves more than their fathers (ancestors), in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings (practices), nor from their stubborn way.

 2:20  And the anger of Yahweh was hot against Israel; and He said, Because that this people hath transgressed My covenant which I commanded their fathers (ancestors), and have not hearkened unto My voice;

 2:21  I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died:

 2:22  That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of Yahweh to walk therein, as their fathers (ancestors) did keep it, or not.

 2:23  Therefore Yahweh left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered He them into the hand of Joshua.

 

 

God raises up leaders (judges)

Othniel

Ehud

Shamgar

Judges 3:1  Now these are the nations which Yahweh left, to prove (test) Israel by them, even as many of Israel as had not known all the wars of Canaan;

 3:2  Only that the generations of the children of Israel might know, to teach them war, at the least such as before knew nothing thereof;

 3:3  Namely, five lords (tyrants) of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath.

Joshua 13:3  From Sihor, which is before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, which is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites:

 3:4  And they were to prove Israel by them, to know whether they would hearken unto the commandments of Yahweh, which He commanded their fathers by the hand of Moses.

Yahweh allowed the Canaanites to exist among us to test us, to see if we remain separate from them.

 3:5  And the children of Israel dwelt among the Canaanites, Hittites, and Amorites, and Perizzites, and Hivites, and Jebusites:

Psalm 106:35  But were mingled among the heathen, and learned their works.

 3:6  And they took their daughters to be their wives, and gave their daughters to their sons, and served their gods.

Exodus 34:16  And you take of their daughters unto your sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make your sons go a whoring after their gods.

Deuteronomy 7:3  Neither shalt you make marriages with them; your daughter you shalt not give unto his son, nor his daughter shalt you take unto your son.

 3:7  And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of Yahweh, and forgat Yahweh their God, and served Baalim and the groves.

The groves is H842 asherah, a reference to the goddess asherah (or Astarte). This is where we get the pagan holiday of Easter. Sex orgies and such.

 3:8  Therefore the anger of Yahweh was hot against Israel, and He sold them into the hand of Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia: and the children of Israel served Chushanrishathaim eight years.

 3:9  And when the children of Israel cried unto Yahweh, Yahweh raised up a deliverer to the children of Israel, who delivered them, even Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger brother.

OTHNIEL = “lion of God”. Son of Kenaz, younger brother of Caleb, and husband of Achsah the daughter of Caleb.

 3:10  And the Spirit of Yahweh came upon him, and he judged Israel, and went out to war: and Yahweh delivered Chushanrishathaim king of Mesopotamia into his hand; and his hand prevailed against Chushanrishathaim.

 3:11  And the land had rest forty years. And Othniel the son of Kenaz died.

 3:12  And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of Yahweh: and Yahweh strengthened Eglon the king of Moab against Israel, because they had done evil in the sight of Yahweh.

 3:13  And he gathered unto him the children of Ammon and Amalek, and went and smote Israel, and possessed the city of palm trees.

 3:14  So the children of Israel served Eglon the king of Moab eighteen years.

Deuteronomy 28:48  Therefore shalt you serve your enemies which Yahweh shall send against you, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all things: and He shall put a yoke of iron upon your neck, until He have destroyed you.

EHUD = “united”. A great grandson of Benjamin.

 3:15  But when the children of Israel cried unto Yahweh, Yahweh raised them up a deliverer, Ehud the son of Gera, a Benjamite, a man lefthanded: and by him the children of Israel sent a present unto Eglon the king of Moab.

 3:16  But Ehud made him a dagger which had two edges, of a cubit length (18”); and he did gird it under his raiment upon his right thigh.

 3:17  And he brought the present unto Eglon king of Moab: and Eglon was a very fat man.

 3:18  And when he had made an end to offer the present, he sent away the people that bare the present.

 3:19  But he himself turned again from the quarries that were by Gilgal, and said, I have a secret errand unto you, O king: who said, Keep silence. And all that stood by him went out from him.

 3:20  And Ehud came unto him; and he was sitting in a summer parlour, which he had for himself alone. And Ehud said, I have a message from God unto you. And he arose out of his seat.

 3:21  And Ehud put forth his left hand, and took the dagger from his right thigh, and thrust it into his belly:

 3:22  And the haft (handle) also went in after the blade; and the fat closed upon the blade, so that he could not draw the dagger out of his belly; and the dirt (feces) came out.

 3:23  Then Ehud went forth through the porch, and shut the doors of the parlour upon him, and locked them.

 3:24  When he was gone out, his servants came; and when they saw that, behold, the doors of the parlour were locked, they said, Surely he covereth his feet in his summer chamber.

The phrase covereth his feet, is a Hebrew idiom for relieving oneself. The servants thought the king was taking a poop, the poop they smelled was from when Ehud stabbed him.

 3:25  And they tarried till they were ashamed: and, behold, he opened not the doors of the parlour; therefore they took a key, and opened them: and, behold, their lord was fallen down dead on the earth (ground).

 3:26  And Ehud escaped while they tarried, and passed beyond the quarries, and escaped unto Seirath.

 3:27  And it came to pass, when he was come, that he blew a trumpet in the mountain of Ephraim, and the children of Israel went down with him from the mount, and he before them.

 3:28  And he said unto them, Follow after me: for Yahweh hath delivered your (hated) enemies the Moabites into your hand. And they went down after (followed) him, and took the fords of Jordan toward Moab, and suffered not a man to pass over.

 3:29  And they slew of Moab at that time about ten thousand men, all lusty (fat), and all men of valour; and there escaped not a man.

 3:30  So Moab was subdued that day under the hand of Israel. And the land had rest fourscore years.

Shamgar = “sword”.

 3:31  And after him was Shamgar the son of Anath, which slew of the Philistines six hundred men with an ox goad: and he also delivered Israel.

 

 

Deborah

Judges 4:1  And the children of Israel again did evil in the sight of Yahweh, when Ehud was dead.

 4:2  And Yahweh sold them into the hand of Jabin king of Canaan, that reigned in Hazor; the captain of whose host was Sisera, which dwelt in Harosheth of the Gentiles (nations).

Gentile is a Latin word that means, a nation, tribe or people. It does NOT mean non-Israelite. This is an added and false meaning designed by the Jews to deceive us and to support their claim that the Jews are Israel. But the Jews are NOT Israel, they are of Cain and Esau. True Israel and the descendants of Jacob are the white race and today are the white nations of the world.

The word Gentile only means nation.

 4:3  And the children of Israel cried unto Yahweh: for he (Jabin) had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.

Psalm 106:42  Their enemies also oppressed them, and they were brought into subjection under their hand.

Deborah = “bee”, (in the sense of orderly motion)(from its systematic instincts).

 4:4  And Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lapidoth, she judged (lead) Israel at that time.

 4:5  And she dwelt under the palm tree of Deborah between Ramah and Bethel in mount Ephraim: and the children of Israel came up to her for judgment (decisions).

Genesis 35:8  But Deborah Rebekah's nurse died, and she was buried beneath Bethel under an oak: and the name of it was called Allonbachuth.

 4:6  And she sent and called Barak the son of Abinoam out of Kedeshnaphtali, and said unto him, Hath not Yahweh God of Israel commanded, saying, Go and draw toward mount Tabor, and take with you ten thousand men of the children of Naphtali and of the children of Zebulun?

 4:7  And I will draw unto you to the river Kishon Sisera, the captain of Jabin's army, with his chariots and his multitude; and I will deliver him into your hand.

 4:8  And Barak said unto her, If you wilt go with me, then I will go: but if you wilt not go with me, then I will not go.

 4:9  And she said, I will surely go with you: notwithstanding the journey that you takest shall not be for your honour; for Yahweh shall sell Sisera into the hand of a woman. And Deborah arose, and went with Barak to Kedesh.

 4:10  And Barak called Zebulun and Naphtali to Kedesh; and he went up with ten thousand men at his feet: and Deborah went up with him.

 4:11  Now Heber the Kenite (kin to Midianites), which was of the children of Hobab the father in law of Moses, had severed himself from the Kenites, and pitched his tent unto the plain of Zaanaim, which is by Kedesh.

 4:12  And they shewed Sisera that Barak the son of Abinoam was gone up to mount Tabor.

 4:13  And Sisera gathered together all his chariots, even nine hundred chariots of iron, and all the people that were with him, from Harosheth of the Gentiles (nations ) unto the river of Kishon.

 4:14  And Deborah said unto Barak, Up; for this is the day in which Yahweh hath delivered Sisera into your hand: is not Yahweh gone out before you? So Barak went down from mount Tabor, and ten thousand men after him.

 4:15  And Yahweh discomfited Sisera, and all his chariots, and all his host, with the edge of the sword before Barak; so that Sisera lighted down off his chariot, and fled away on his feet.

Psalm 83:9-10

9  Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison:

10  Which perished at Endor: they became as dung for the earth.

 4:16  But Barak pursued after the chariots, and after the host, unto Harosheth of the Gentiles (nations): and all the host of Sisera fell upon the edge of the sword; and there was not a man left.

 4:17  Howbeit Sisera fled away on his feet to the tent of Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite: for there was peace between Jabin the king of Hazor and the house of Heber the Kenite.

 4:18  And Jael went out to meet Sisera, and said unto him, Turn in, my lord, turn in to me; fear not. And when he had turned in unto her into the tent, she covered him with a mantle.

 4:19  And he said unto her, Give me, I pray you, a little water to drink; for I am thirsty. And she opened a bottle of milk, and gave him drink, and covered him.

 4:20  Again he said unto her, Stand in the door of the tent, and it shall be, when any man doth come and enquire of you, and say, Is there any man here? that you shalt say, No.

 4:21  Then Jael Heber's wife took a nail of the tent, and took an hammer in her hand, and went softly unto him, and smote the nail into his temples, and fastened it into the ground: for he was fast asleep and weary. So he died.

Prophecy of 4:9 fulfilled.

 4:22  And, behold, as Barak pursued Sisera, Jael came out to meet him, and said unto him, Come, and I will shew you the man whom you seekest. And when he came into her tent, behold, Sisera lay dead, and the nail was in his temples.

 4:23  So God subdued on that day Jabin the king of Canaan before the children of Israel.

 4:24  And the hand of the children of Israel prospered, and prevailed against Jabin the king of Canaan, until they had destroyed Jabin king of Canaan.

Verses 2, 13, and 16 does not read “of the Gentiles” in the older Hebrew. It was added later on by the scribes.

 

 

The song of Deborah

Judges 5:1  Then sang Deborah and Barak the son of Abinoam on that day, saying,

 5:2  Praise ye Yahweh for the avenging of Israel, when the people willingly offered themselves.

Psalm 18:47  It is God that avengeth me, and subdueth the people under me.

 5:3  Hear, O ye kings; give ear, O ye princes; I, even I, will sing unto Yahweh; I will sing praise to Yahweh God of Israel.

Deuteronomy 32:1,3

1  Give ear, O ye heavens, and I will speak; and hear, O earth, the words of my mouth.

3  Because I will publish the name of Yahweh: ascribe ye greatness unto our God.

 5:4  Yahweh, when You wentest out of Seir, when You marchedst out of the field of Edom, the earth (land) trembled, and the heavens (skies) dropped (dripped), the clouds also dropped (dripped) water.

 5:5  The mountains melted from before Yahweh, even that Sinai from before Yahweh God of Israel.

Psalm 97:5  The hills melted like wax at the presence of Yahweh, at the presence of the Sovereign of the whole earth.

 5:6  In the days of Shamgar the son of Anath, in the days of Jael (from chapter 4), the highways were unoccupied, and the travellers walked through byways.

 5:7  The inhabitants of the villages ceased, they ceased in Israel, until that I Deborah arose, that I arose a mother in Israel.

 5:8  They chose new gods; then was war in the gates: was there a shield or spear seen among forty thousand in Israel?

1Samuel 13:19,22

19  Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel: for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make them swords or spears:  

22  So it came to pass in the day of battle, that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people that were with Saul and Jonathan: but with Saul and with Jonathan his son was there found.

When the Philistines ruled over Israel, Israel did not have weapons. This lasted from the time of these Judges until the days of Samuel and Saul.

 5:9  My heart is toward the governors of Israel, that offered themselves willingly among the people. Bless ye Yahweh.

 5:10  Speak, ye that ride on white asses, ye that sit in judgment, and walk by the way.

 5:11  They that are delivered from the noise of archers (unknown word) in the places of drawing water, there shall they rehearse the righteous acts of Yahweh, even the righteous acts toward the inhabitants of His villages in Israel: then shall the people of Yahweh go down to the gates.

Psalm 145:7  They shall abundantly utter the memory of Thy great goodness, and shall sing of Thy righteousness.

 5:12  Awake, awake, Deborah: awake, awake, utter a song: arise, Barak, and lead your captivity captive, you son of Abinoam.

 5:13  Then He made him that remaineth have dominion over the nobles among the people: Yahweh made me have dominion over the mighty.

 5:14  Out of Ephraim was there a root of them against Amalek; after you, Benjamin, among your people; out of Machir came down governors, and out of Zebulun they that handle the pen of the writer.

 5:15  And the princes of Issachar were with Deborah; even Issachar, and also Barak: he was sent on foot into the valley. For the divisions of Reuben there were great thoughts (resolves) of heart (mind).

They had their heads on straight for battle.

 5:16  Why abodest you among the sheepfolds (ash heaps), to hear the bleatings of the flocks? For the divisions of Reuben there were great searchings of heart.

Sheepfolds is H4942, fire-places, ash-heaps. The village fire places and encampments. Why are you sitting around the campfire? They were searching their hearts to see if they should go down to war.

 5:17  Gilead abode beyond Jordan: and why did Dan remain in ships? Asher continued on the sea shore, and abode in his breaches.

This is a rebuke for the people that did not go down and fight with them.

 5:18  Zebulun and Naphtali were a people that jeoparded their lives unto the death in the high places of the field.

 5:19  The kings came and fought, then fought the kings of Canaan in Taanach by the waters of Megiddo; they took no gain of money.

 5:20  They fought from heaven (the sky); the stars in their courses (highway) fought against Sisera.

This song is poetic. Figurative use of 'the stars in their highways'. Even the stars of the sky did battle against Sisera.

 5:21  The river of Kishon swept them away, that ancient river, the river Kishon. O my soul, you hast trodden down strength.

 5:22  Then were the horsehoofs broken by the means of the pransings, the pransings of their mighty ones.

 5:23  Curse ye Meroz, said the angel (messenger) of Yahweh, curse ye bitterly the inhabitants thereof; because they came not to the help of Yahweh, to the help of Yahweh against the mighty.

 5:24  Blessed above women shall Jael the wife of Heber the Kenite be, blessed shall she be above women in the tent.

 5:25  He asked water, and she gave him milk; she brought forth butter in a lordly dish.

 5:26  She put her hand to the nail, and her right hand to the workmen's hammer; and with the hammer she smote Sisera, she smote off (destroyed) his head, when she had pierced and stricken through his temples.

 5:27  At her feet he bowed, he fell, he lay down: at her feet he bowed, he fell: where he bowed, there he fell down dead.

 5:28  The mother of Sisera looked out at a window, and cried through the lattice, Why is his chariot so long in coming? why tarry the wheels of his chariots?

 5:29  Her wise ladies answered her, yea, she returned answer to herself,

 5:30  Have they not sped? have they not divided the prey; to every man a damsel or two; to Sisera a prey of divers colours, a prey of divers colours of needlework, of divers colours of needlework on both sides, meet for the necks of them that take the spoil?

 5:31  So let all your (hated) enemies perish, O Yahweh: but let them that love Him be as the sun when he goeth forth in His might. And the land had rest forty years.

 

 

Gideon

Judges 6:1  And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of Yahweh: and Yahweh delivered them into the hand of Midian seven years.

The Septuagint Habakkuk 3:7  Because of troubles I looked upon the tents of the Ethiopians (Cushan): the tabernacles also of the land of Madiam (Midian) shall be dismayed.

The Midian was a son of Abraham and Keturah.

 6:2  And the hand of Midian prevailed against Israel: and because of the Midianites the children of Israel made them the dens which are in the mountains, and caves, and strong holds.

 6:3  And so it was, when Israel had sown (sown crops), that the Midianites came up, and the Amalekites, and the children of the east, even they came up against them;

The children of the east were the Ishmaelites.

 6:4  And they encamped against them, and destroyed the increase of the earth (land- the crops), till you come unto Gaza, and left no sustenance for Israel, neither sheep, nor ox, nor ass.

 6:5  For they came up with their cattle and their tents, and they came as grasshoppers for multitude; for both they and their camels were without number: and they entered into the land to destroy it.

 6:6  And Israel was greatly impoverished because of the Midianites; and the children of Israel cried unto Yahweh.

 6:7  And it came to pass, when the children of Israel cried unto Yahweh because of the Midianites,

 6:8  That Yahweh sent a prophet unto the children of Israel, which said unto them, Thus saith Yahweh God of Israel, I brought you up from Egypt, and brought you forth out of the house of bondage;

 6:9  And I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all that oppressed you, and drave them out from before you, and gave you their land;

Psalm 44:2-3

2  How you (Yahweh) didst drive out the heathen with your hand, and plantedst them (Israel); how you didst afflict the people, and cast them out.

3  For they got not the land in possession by their own sword, neither did their own arm save them: but your right hand, and your arm, and the light of your countenance, because you hadst a favour unto them.

 6:10  And I said unto you, I am Yahweh your God; fear not the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but ye have not obeyed My voice.

 6:11  And there came an angel (messenger) of Yahweh, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abiezrite: and his (Joash's) son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites.

Hebrews 11:32  And what shall I more say? for the time would fail me to tell of Gideon, and of Barak, and of Samson, and of Jephthah; of David also, and Samuel, and of the prophets:

Gideon = “hewer”.

 6:12  And the angel (messenger) of Yahweh appeared unto him, and said unto him, Yahweh is with you, you mighty man of valour.

 6:13  And Gideon said unto him, Oh my Master, if Yahweh be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where be all His miracles which our fathers told us of, saying, Did not Yahweh bring us up from Egypt? but now Yahweh hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites.

 6:14  And (the messenger of) Yahweh looked upon him, and said, Go in this your might, and you shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent you?

Joshua 1:9  Have not I commanded you? Be strong and of a good courage; be not afraid, neither be you dismayed: for Yahweh your God is with you whithersoever you goest.

 6:15  And he said unto him, Oh my Master (Oh Yahweh), wherewith shall I save Israel? behold, my family is poor in Manasseh, and I am the least in my father's house.

 6:16  And (the messenger of) Yahweh said unto him, Surely I will be with you, and you shalt smite the Midianites as one man.

 6:17  And he said unto Him, If now I have found grace (favor) in your sight, then shew me a sign that You talkest with me.

 6:18  Depart not hence, I pray You, until I come unto You, and bring forth my present, and set it before You. And He (the messenger of Yahweh)  said, I will tarry until you come again.

 6:19  And Gideon went in, and made ready a kid, and unleavened cakes of an ephah of flour: the flesh he put in a basket, and he put the broth in a pot, and brought it out unto him (the angel) under the oak, and presented it.   (A parallel of Gen 18:3,5,6-8)

 6:20  And the angel (messenger) of God said unto him, Take the flesh and the unleavened cakes, and lay them upon this rock, and pour out the broth. And he did so.

 6:21  Then the angel (messenger) of Yahweh put forth the end of the staff that was in his hand, and touched the flesh and the unleavened cakes; and there rose up fire out of the rock, and consumed the flesh and the unleavened cakes. Then the angel (messenger) of Yahweh departed out of his sight.

 6:22  And when Gideon perceived that he was an angel (messenger) of Yahweh, Gideon said, Alas, O Yahweh GOD! for because I have seen an angel (messenger) of Yahweh face to face.

 6:23  And (the messenger of) Yahweh said unto him, Peace be unto you; fear not: you shalt not die.

 6:24  Then Gideon built an altar there unto Yahweh, and called it Jehovahshalom: unto this day it is yet in Ophrah (Ephratha) of the Abiezrites.

This should read Yahwehshalom, it means the Peace of Yahweh.

 6:25  And it came to pass the same night, that Yahweh said unto him, Take your father's young bullock, even the second bullock of seven years old, and throw down the altar of Baal that your father hath, and cut down the grove (asherah pole) that is by it:

Exodus 34:13  But ye shall destroy their altars, break their images, and cut down their groves:

Deuteronomy 7:5  But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.

 6:26  And build an altar unto Yahweh your God upon the top of this rock, in the ordered place, and take the second bullock, and offer a burnt sacrifice with the wood of the grove which you shalt cut down.

 6:27  Then Gideon took ten men of his servants, and did as Yahweh had said unto him: and so it was, because he feared his father's household, and the men of the city, that he could not do it by day, that he did it by night.

 6:28  And when the men of the city arose early in the morning, behold, the altar of Baal was cast down, and the grove (asherah pole) was cut down that was by it, and the second bullock was offered upon the altar that was built.

 6:29  And they said one to another, Who hath done this thing? And when they enquired and asked, they said, Gideon the son of Joash hath done this thing.

 6:30  Then the men of the city said unto Joash, Bring out your son, that he may die: because he hath cast down the altar of Baal, and because he hath cut down the grove (asherah pole) that was by it.

 6:31  And Joash said unto all that stood against him, Will ye plead for Baal? will ye save him? he that will plead for him, let him be put to death whilst it is yet morning: if he be a god, let him plead for himself, because one hath cast down his altar.

 6:32  Therefore on that day he called him Jerubbaal, saying, Let Baal plead against him, because he hath thrown down his altar.

1Samuel 12:11  And Yahweh sent Jerubbaal (Gideon), and Bedan, and Jephthah, and Samuel, and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side, and ye dwelled safe.

 6:33  Then all the Midianites and the Amalekites and the children of the east (Ishmaelites) were gathered together, and went over, and pitched in the valley of Jezreel.

 6:34  But the Spirit of Yahweh came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered after him.

 6:35  And he sent messengers throughout all Manasseh; who also was gathered after him: and he sent messengers unto Asher, and unto Zebulun, and unto Naphtali; and they came up to meet them.

 6:36  And Gideon said unto God, If You wilt save Israel by mine hand, as You hast said,

 6:37  Behold, I will put a fleece of wool in the floor; and if the dew be on the fleece only, and it be dry upon all the earth (ground) beside, then shall I know that You wilt save Israel by mine hand, as You hast said.

 6:38  And it was so: for he rose up early on the morrow, and thrust the fleece together, and wringed the dew out of the fleece, a bowl full of water.

 6:39  And Gideon said unto God, Let not Your anger be hot against me, and I will speak but this once: let me prove, I pray You, but this once with the fleece; let it now be dry only upon the fleece, and upon all the ground let there be dew.

 6:40  And God did so that night: for it was dry upon the fleece only, and there was dew on all the ground.

 

 

Defeat of the Midianites

Judges 7:1  Then Jerubbaal, who is Gideon, and all the people that were with him, rose up early, and pitched beside the well of Harod: so that the host (camp) of the Midianites were on the north side of them, by the hill of Moreh, in the valley.

 7:2  And Yahweh said unto Gideon, The people that are with you are too many for Me to give the Midianites into their hands, lest Israel vaunt themselves against Me, saying, Mine own hand hath saved me.

1Corinthians 1:29  That no flesh should glory in Yahweh's presence.

 7:3  Now therefore go to, proclaim in the ears of the people, saying, Whosoever is fearful and afraid, let him return and depart early from mount Gilead. And there returned of the people twenty and two thousand; and there remained ten thousand.

 7:4  And Yahweh said unto Gideon, The people are yet too many; bring them down unto the water, and I will try (test) them for you there: and it shall be, that of whom I say unto you, This shall go with you, the same shall go with you; and of whomsoever I say unto you, This shall not go with you, the same shall not go.

 7:5  So he brought down the people unto the water: and Yahweh said unto Gideon, Every one that lappeth of the water with his tongue, as a dog lappeth, him shalt you set by himself; likewise every one that boweth down upon his knees to drink.

 7:6  And the number of them that lapped, putting their hand to their mouth, were three hundred men: but all the rest of the people bowed down upon their knees to drink water.

 7:7  And Yahweh said unto Gideon, By the three hundred men that lapped will I save you, and deliver the Midianites into your hand: and let all the other people go every man unto his place.

 7:8  So the people took victuals in their hand, and their trumpets: and he sent all the rest of Israel every man unto his tent, and retained those three hundred men: and the host (camp) of Midian was beneath him in the valley.

 7:9  And it came to pass the same night, that Yahweh said unto him, Arise, get you down unto the host; for I have delivered it into your hand.

 7:10  But if you fear to go down, go you with Phurah your servant down to the host (camp):

 7:11  And you shalt hear what they say; and afterward shall your hands be strengthened to go down unto the host. Then went he down with Phurah his servant unto the outside of the armed men that were in the host (camp).

 7:12  And the Midianites and the Amalekites and all the children of the east (Ishmaelites) lay along in the valley like grasshoppers for multitude; and their camels were without number, as the sand by the sea side for multitude.

 7:13  And when Gideon was come, behold, there was a man that told a dream unto his fellow, and said, Behold, I dreamed a dream, and, lo, a cake of barley bread tumbled into the host of Midian, and came unto a tent, and smote it that it fell, and overturned it, that the tent lay along.

 7:14  And his fellow answered and said, This is nothing else save the sword of Gideon the son of Joash, a man of Israel: for into his hand hath God delivered Midian, and all the host.

 7:15  And it was so, when Gideon heard the telling of the dream, and the interpretation thereof, that he worshipped, and returned into the host (camp) of Israel, and said, Arise; for Yahweh hath delivered into your hand the host (camp) of Midian.

 7:16  And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

 7:17  And he said unto them, Look on me, and do likewise: and, behold, when I come to the outside of the camp, it shall be that, as I do, so shall ye do.

 7:18  When I blow with a trumpet, I and all that are with me, then blow ye the trumpets also on every side of all the camp, and say, The sword of (for) Yahweh, and of (for) Gideon.

 7:19  So Gideon, and the hundred men that were with him, came unto the outside of the camp in the beginning of the middle watch; and they had but newly set the watch: and they blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers that were in their hands.

 7:20  And the three companies blew the trumpets, and brake the pitchers, and held the lamps in their left hands, and the trumpets in their right hands to blow withal: and they cried, The sword of Yahweh, and of Gideon.

 7:21  And they stood every man in his place round about the camp: and all the host ran, and cried, and fled.

 7:22  And the three hundred blew the trumpets, and Yahweh set every man's sword against his fellow, even throughout all the host (camp): and the host (army) fled to Bethshittah in Zererath, and to the border of Abelmeholah, unto Tabbath.

 7:23  And the men of Israel gathered themselves together out of Naphtali, and out of Asher, and out of all Manasseh, and pursued after the Midianites.

 7:24  And Gideon sent messengers throughout all mount Ephraim, saying, Come down against the Midianites, and take before them the waters unto Bethbarah and Jordan. Then all the men of Ephraim gathered themselves together, and took the waters unto Bethbarah and Jordan.

 7:25  And they took two princes of the Midianites, Oreb and Zeeb; and they slew Oreb upon the rock Oreb, and Zeeb they slew at the winepress of Zeeb, and pursued Midian, and brought the heads of Oreb and Zeeb to Gideon on the other side Jordan.

Psalm 83:11  Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:

 

 

Gideon refuses kingship

Judges 8:1  And the men of Ephraim said unto him, Why hast you served us thus, that you calledst us not, when you wentest to fight with the Midianites? And they did chide with him sharply.

 8:2  And he said unto them, What have I done now in comparison of you? Is not the gleaning of the grapes of Ephraim better than the vintage of Abiezer?

 8:3  God hath delivered into your hands the princes of Midian, Oreb and Zeeb: and what was I able to do in comparison of you? Then their anger was abated (calmed) toward him, when he had said that.

 8:4  And Gideon came to Jordan, and passed over, he, and the three hundred men that were with him, faint, yet pursuing them.

 8:5  And he said unto the men of Succoth, Give, I pray you, loaves of bread unto the people that follow me; for they be faint, and I am pursuing after Zebah and Zalmunna, kings of Midian.

 8:6  And the princes of Succoth said, Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in your hand, that we should give bread unto your army?

 8:7  And Gideon said, Therefore when Yahweh hath delivered Zebah and Zalmunna into mine hand, then I will tear your flesh with the thorns of the wilderness and with briers.

 8:8  And he went up thence to Penuel, and spake unto them likewise: and the men of Penuel answered him as the men of Succoth had answered him.

 8:9  And he spake also unto the men of Penuel, saying, When I come again in peace (after the war), I will break down this tower.

 8:10  Now Zebah and Zalmunna were in Karkor, and their hosts with them, about fifteen thousand men, all that were left of all the hosts of the children of the east (Ishmaelites): for there fell an hundred and twenty thousand men that drew sword.

 8:11  And Gideon went up by the way of them that dwelt in tents on the east of Nobah and Jogbehah, and smote the host: for the host was secure.

 8:12  And when Zebah and Zalmunna fled, he pursued after them, and took the two kings of Midian, Zebah and Zalmunna, and discomfited all the host.

Psalm 83:11-12

11  Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:

12  Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession.

 8:13  And Gideon the son of Joash returned from battle before the sun was up,

 8:14  And caught a young man of the men of Succoth, and enquired of him: and he described unto him the princes of Succoth, and the elders thereof, even threescore and seventeen men.

 8:15  And he came unto the men of Succoth, and said, Behold Zebah and Zalmunna, with whom ye did upbraid me, saying, Are the hands of Zebah and Zalmunna now in your hand, that we should give bread unto your men that are weary?

 8:16  And he took the elders of the city, and thorns of the wilderness and briers, and with them he taught the men of Succoth.

 8:17  And he beat down the tower of Penuel, and slew the men of the city.

 8:18  Then said he unto Zebah and Zalmunna, What manner of men were they whom ye slew at Tabor? And they answered, As you art, so were they; each one resembled the children of a king.

 8:19  And he said, They were my brethren, even the sons of my mother: as Yahweh liveth, if ye had saved them alive, I would not slay you.

 8:20  And he said unto Jether his firstborn, Up, and slay them. But the youth drew not his sword: for he feared, because he was yet a youth.

 8:21  Then Zebah and Zalmunna said, Rise you, and fall upon us: for as the man is, so is his strength. And Gideon arose, and slew Zebah and Zalmunna, and took away the ornaments that were on their camels' necks.

 8:22  Then the men of Israel said unto Gideon, Rule you over us, both you, and your son, and your son's son also: for you hast delivered us from the hand of Midian.

 8:23  And Gideon said unto them, I will not rule over you, neither shall my son rule over you: Yahweh shall rule over you.

 8:24  And Gideon said unto them, I would desire a request of you, that ye would give me every man the earrings of his prey. (For they had golden earrings, because they were Ishmaelites.)

The children of the east were the Ishmaelites.

 8:25  And they answered, We will willingly give them. And they spread a garment, and did cast therein every man the earrings of his prey.

 8:26  And the weight of the golden earrings that he requested was a thousand and seven hundred shekels of gold; beside ornaments, and collars, and purple raiment that was on the kings of Midian, and beside the chains that were about their camels' necks.

 8:27  And Gideon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city, even in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a whoring after it: which thing became a snare unto Gideon, and to his house.

Psalm 106:39  Thus were they defiled with their own works, and went a whoring with their own inventions.

 8:28  Thus was Midian subdued before the children of Israel, so that they lifted up their heads no more. And the country was in quietness forty years in the days of Gideon.

 8:29  And Jerubbaal (Gideon) the son of Joash went and dwelt in his own house.

 8:30  And Gideon had threescore and ten sons of his body begotten: for he had many wives.

 8:31  And his concubine that was in Shechem, she also bare him a son, whose name he called Abimelech.

 8:32  And Gideon the son of Joash died in a good old age, and was buried in the sepulchre of Joash his father, in Ophrah of the Abiezrites.

 8:33  And it came to pass, as soon as Gideon was dead, that the children of Israel turned again, and went a whoring after Baalim, and made Baalberith their god.

 8:34  And the children of Israel remembered not Yahweh their God, who had delivered them out of the hands of all their (hated) enemies on every side:

 8:35  Neither shewed they kindness to the house of Jerubbaal, namely, Gideon, according to all the goodness which he had shewed unto Israel.

 

 

Abimelech = “Melek is father” or “my father is king”.

Son of Gideon by a concubine.

Judges 9:1  And Abimelech the son of Jerubbaal (Gideon) went to Shechem unto his mother's brethren, and communed with them, and with all the family of the house of his mother's father, saying,

 9:2  Speak, I pray you, in the ears of all the men (citizens) of Shechem, Whether is better for you, either that all the sons of Jerubbaal, which are threescore and ten persons, reign over you, or that one reign over you? remember also that I am your bone and your flesh.

 9:3  And his mother's brethren spake of him in the ears of all the men (citizens) of Shechem all these words: and their hearts inclined to follow Abimelech; for they said, He is our brother.

 9:4  And they gave him threescore and ten pieces of silver out of the house of Baalberith, wherewith Abimelech hired vain and light persons, which followed him.

 9:5  And he went unto his father's house at Ophrah, and slew his brethren the sons of Jerubbaal, being threescore and ten persons, upon one stone: notwithstanding yet Jotham the youngest son of Jerubbaal was left; for he hid himself.

 9:6  And all the men (citizens) of Shechem gathered together, and all the house of Millo, and went, and made Abimelech king, by the plain of the pillar that was in Shechem.

 9:7  And when they told it to Jotham, he went and stood in the top of mount Gerizim, and lifted up his voice, and cried, and said unto them, Hearken unto me, ye men (citizens) of Shechem, that God may hearken unto you.

 9:8  The trees went forth on a time to anoint a king over them; and they said unto the olive tree, Reign you over us.

 9:9  But the olive tree said unto them, Should I leave my fatness, wherewith by me they honour God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?

 9:10  And the trees said to the fig tree, Come you, and reign over us.

 9:11  But the fig tree said unto them, Should I forsake my sweetness, and my good fruit, and go to be promoted over the trees?

 9:12  Then said the trees unto the vine, Come you, and reign over us.

 9:13  And the vine said unto them, Should I leave my wine, which cheereth God and man, and go to be promoted over the trees?

Psalm 104:15  And wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and oil to make his face to shine, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart.

 9:14  Then said all the trees unto the bramble, Come you, and reign over us.

 9:15  And the bramble said unto the trees, If in truth ye anoint me king over you, then come and put your trust in my shadow: and if not, let fire come out of the bramble, and devour the cedars of Lebanon.

The allegory is to show that all of the good and productive men of the land have no desire to rule over their fellows. The lesson here is that when men seek earthly kings to rule over them, they shall naturally end up with the lowest and most useless sorts as rulers. Once they do, they must subject themselves to the scum of the earth, or be devoured by them, and the lowest of men gain advantages over the most noble.

 9:16  Now therefore, if ye have done truly and sincerely, in that ye have made Abimelech king, and if ye have dealt well with Jerubbaal and his house, and have done unto him according to the deserving of his hands (with honesty);

 9:17  (For my father fought for you, and adventured his life far, and delivered you out of the hand of Midian:

 9:18  And ye are risen up against my father's house this day, and have slain his sons, threescore and ten persons, upon one stone, and have made Abimelech, the son of his maidservant, king over the men (citizens) of Shechem, because he is your brother;)

 9:19  If ye then have dealt truly and sincerely with Jerubbaal and with his house this day, then rejoice ye in Abimelech, and let him also rejoice in you:

 9:20  But if not, let fire come out from Abimelech, and devour the men (citizens) of Shechem, and the house of Millo; and let fire come out from the men (citizens) of Shechem, and from the house of Millo, and devour Abimelech.

 9:21  And Jotham ran away, and fled, and went to Beer, and dwelt there, for fear of Abimelech his brother.

 9:22  When Abimelech had reigned three years over Israel,

 9:23  Then God sent an evil spirit between Abimelech and the men (citizens) of Shechem; and the men (citizens) of Shechem dealt treacherously with Abimelech:

 9:24  That the cruelty done to the threescore and ten sons of Jerubbaal might come, and their blood be laid upon Abimelech their brother, which slew them; and upon the men (citizens) of Shechem, which aided him in the killing of his brethren.

 9:25  And the men (citizens) of Shechem set liers in wait for him in the top of the mountains, and they robbed all that came along that way by them: and it was told Abimelech.

 9:26  And Gaal the son of Ebed came with his brethren, and went over to Shechem: and the men (citizens) of Shechem put their confidence in him.

 9:27  And they went out into the fields, and gathered their vineyards, and trode the grapes, and made merry, and went into the house of their god, and did eat and drink, and cursed Abimelech.

 9:28  And Gaal the son of Ebed said, Who is Abimelech, and who is Shechem, that we should serve him? is not he the son of Jerubbaal? and Zebul his officer? serve the men of Hamor the father of Shechem: for why should we serve him?

 9:29  And would to God this people were under my hand! then would I remove Abimelech. And he said to Abimelech, Increase your army, and come out.

 9:30  And when Zebul the ruler of the city heard the words of Gaal the son of Ebed, his anger was kindled.

 9:31  And he sent messengers unto Abimelech privily (privately), saying, Behold, Gaal the son of Ebed and his brethren be come to Shechem; and, behold, they fortify (incite) the city against you.

 9:32  Now therefore up by night, you and the people that is with you, and lie in wait in the field:

 9:33  And it shall be, that in the morning, as soon as the sun is up, you shalt rise early, and set upon (rush) the city: and, behold, when he and the people that is with him come out against you, then mayest you do to them as you shalt find occasion.

 9:34  And Abimelech rose up, and all the people that were with him, by night, and they laid wait against Shechem in four companies.

 9:35  And Gaal the son of Ebed went out, and stood in the entering of the gate of the city: and Abimelech rose up, and the people that were with him, from lying in wait.

 9:36  And when Gaal saw the people, he said to Zebul, Behold, there come people down from the top of the mountains. And Zebul said unto him, you seest the shadow of the mountains as if they were men.

 9:37  And Gaal spake again and said, See there come people down by the middle of the land, and another company come along by the plain of Meonenim.

Plain is elon, a great tree, terebinth. Where many pagan sites are located. Terebinth's were also land markers.

Meonenim is anan, to practice soothsaying, conjure; soothsayer, enchanter, sorceress, diviner, fortuneteller, barbarian, Meonenim.

 9:38  Then said Zebul unto him, Where is now your mouth, wherewith you saidst, Who is Abimelech, that we should serve him? is not this the people that you hast despised? go out, I pray now, and fight with them.

 9:39  And Gaal went out before the men (citizens) of Shechem, and fought with Abimelech.

 9:40  And Abimelech chased him, and he fled before him, and many were overthrown and wounded, even unto the entering of the gate.

 9:41  And Abimelech dwelt at Arumah: and Zebul thrust out Gaal and his brethren, that they should not dwell in Shechem.

 9:42  And it came to pass on the morrow, that the people went out into the field; and they told Abimelech.

 9:43  And he took the people, and divided them into three companies, and laid wait in the field, and looked, and, behold, the people were come forth out of the city; and he rose up against them, and smote them.

 9:44  And Abimelech, and the company that was with him, rushed forward, and stood in the entering of the gate of the city: and the two other companies ran upon all the people that were in the fields, and slew them.

 9:45  And Abimelech fought against the city all that day; and he took the city, and slew the people that was therein, and beat down the city, and sowed it with salt.

 9:46  And when all the men (citizens) of the tower of Shechem heard that, they entered into an hold of the house of the god Berith.

In the name of Baal-berith, a foreign deity worshipped in Shechem.

 9:47  And it was told Abimelech, that all the men (citizens) of the tower of Shechem were gathered together.

 9:48  And Abimelech gat him up to mount Zalmon, he and all the people that were with him; and Abimelech took an axe in his hand, and cut down a bough from the trees, and took it, and laid it on his shoulder, and said unto the people that were with him, What ye have seen me do, make haste, and do as I have done.

 9:49  And all the people likewise cut down every man his bough, and followed Abimelech, and put them to the hold, and set the hold on fire upon them; so that all the men (citizens) of the tower of Shechem died also, about a thousand men and women.

 9:50  Then went Abimelech to Thebez, and encamped against Thebez, and took it.

 9:51  But there was a strong tower within the city, and thither fled all the men and women, and all they of the city, and shut it to them, and gat them up to the top of the tower.

 9:52  And Abimelech came unto the tower, and fought against it, and went hard unto (close to) the door of the tower to burn it with fire.  

 9:53  And a certain woman cast a piece of a millstone upon Abimelech's head, and all to brake his skull.

 9:54  Then he called hastily unto the young man his armourbearer, and said unto him, Draw your sword, and slay me, that men say not of me, A woman slew him. And his young man thrust him through, and he died.

2Samuel 11:21  Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth (Gideon)? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez?...

 9:55  And when the men of Israel saw that Abimelech was dead, they departed every man unto his place.

 9:56  Thus God rendered the wickedness of Abimelech, which he did unto his father, in slaying his seventy brethren:

Job 31:3  Is not destruction to the wicked? and a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity?

Proverbs 5:22  His own iniquities shall take the wicked himself, and he shall be holden with the cords of his sins.

 9:57  And all the evil of the men of Shechem did God render upon their heads: and upon them came the curse of Jotham the son of Jerubbaal.

 

 

A cry for deliverance

Tola = “worm”

Jair = “he enlightens”

Judges 10:1  And after Abimelech there arose to defend Israel Tola the son of Puah, the son of Dodo, a man of Issachar; and he dwelt in Shamir in mount Ephraim.

 10:2  And he judged Israel twenty and three years, and died, and was buried in Shamir.

 10:3  And after him arose Jair, a Gileadite, and judged Israel twenty and two years.

 10:4  And he had thirty sons that rode on thirty ass colts, and they had thirty cities, which are called Havothjair unto this day, which are in the land of Gilead.

 10:5  And Jair died, and was buried in Camon.

 10:6  And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of Yahweh, and served Baalim (LORD), and Ashtaroth (Easter), and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook Yahweh, and served not Him.

 10:7  And the anger of Yahweh was hot against Israel, and He sold them into the hands of the Philistines, and into the hands of the children of Ammon.

 10:8  And that year they vexed and oppressed the children of Israel: eighteen years, all the children of Israel that were on the other side Jordan in the land of the Amorites, which is in Gilead.

 10:9  Moreover the children of Ammon passed over Jordan to fight also against Judah, and against Benjamin, and against the house of Ephraim; so that Israel was sore distressed.

 10:10  And the children of Israel cried unto Yahweh, saying, We have sinned against You, both because we have forsaken our God, and also served Baalim.

 10:11  And Yahweh said unto the children of Israel, Did not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines?

 10:12  The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to Me, and I delivered you out of their hand.

 10:13  Yet ye have forsaken Me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more.

 10:14  Go and cry unto the gods which ye have chosen; let them deliver you in the time of your tribulation.

Deuteronomy 32:37-38

37  And He shall say, Where are their gods, their rock in whom they trusted,

38  Which did eat the fat of their sacrifices, and drank the wine of their drink offerings? let them rise up and help you, and be your protection.

 10:15  And the children of Israel said unto Yahweh, We have sinned: do You unto us whatsoever seemeth good unto You; deliver us only, we pray You, this day.

 10:16  And they put away the strange gods from among them, and served Yahweh: and His soul was grieved for the misery of Israel.

2Chronicles 7:14  If My people, which are called by My name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land.

 10:17  Then the children of Ammon were gathered together, and encamped in Gilead. And the children of Israel assembled themselves together, and encamped in Mizpeh.

 10:18  And the people and princes of Gilead said one to another, What man is he that will begin to fight against the children of Ammon? he shall be head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.

 

 

Jephthah = “he opens”

Judges 11:1  Now Jephthah the Gileadite was a mighty man of valour, and he was the son of an harlot: and Gilead begat Jephthah.

 11:2  And Gilead's wife bare him sons; and his wife's sons grew up, and they thrust out Jephthah, and said unto him, you shalt not inherit in our father's house; for you art the son of a strange woman.

Strange is acher, it means other, in this case here a concubine/prostitute.

 11:3  Then Jephthah fled from his brethren, and dwelt in the land of Tob: and there were gathered vain men to Jephthah, and went out with him.

 11:4  And it came to pass in process of time, that the children of Ammon made war against Israel.

 11:5  And it was so, that when the children of Ammon made war against Israel, the elders of Gilead went to fetch Jephthah out of the land of Tob:

 11:6  And they said unto Jephthah, Come, and be our captain, that we may fight with the children of Ammon.

 11:7  And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, Did not ye hate me, and expel me out of my father's house? and why are ye come unto me now when ye are in distress?

 11:8  And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, Therefore we turn again to you now, that you mayest go with us, and fight against the children of Ammon, and be our head over all the inhabitants of Gilead.

 11:9  And Jephthah said unto the elders of Gilead, If ye bring me home again to fight against the children of Ammon, and Yahweh deliver them before me, shall I be your head?

 11:10  And the elders of Gilead said unto Jephthah, Yahweh be witness between us, if we do not so according to your words.

 11:11  Then Jephthah went with the elders of Gilead, and the people made him head and captain over them: and Jephthah uttered all his words before Yahweh in Mizpeh.

 11:12  And Jephthah sent messengers unto the king of the children of Ammon, saying, What hast you to do with me, that you art come against me to fight in my land?

 11:13  And the king of the children of Ammon answered unto the messengers of Jephthah, Because Israel took away my land, when they came up out of Egypt, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and unto Jordan: now therefore restore those lands again peaceably.

We know that the king of Ammon is lying.

Numbers 21:24-25

24  And Israel smote him (Sihon king of Amorites) with the edge of the sword, and possessed his land from Arnon unto Jabbok, even unto the children of Ammon: for the border of the children of Ammon was strong.

25  And Israel took all these cities: and Israel dwelt in all the cities of the Amorites, in Heshbon, and in all the villages thereof.

26  For Heshbon was the city of Sihon the king of the Amorites, who had fought against the former king of Moab, and taken all his land out of his hand, even unto Arnon.

 11:14  And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon:

 11:15  And said unto him, Thus saith Jephthah, Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon:

Deuteronomy 2:9,19

9  And Yahweh said unto me, Distress not the Moabites, neither contend with them in battle: for I will not give you of their land for a possession; because I have given Ar unto the children of Lot for a possession.

19  And when you comest nigh over against the children of Ammon, distress them not, nor meddle with them: for I will not give you of the land of the children of Ammon any possession; because I have given it unto the children of Lot for a possession.

 11:16  But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea (Sea of Reeds), and came to Kadesh;

Numbers 13:26  And they went and came to Moses, and to Aaron, and to all the congregation of the children of Israel, unto the wilderness of Paran, to Kadesh; and brought back word unto them, and unto all the congregation, and shewed them the fruit of the land.

 11:17  Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, Let me, I pray you, pass through your land: but the king of Edom would not hearken thereto. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not consent: and Israel abode in Kadesh.

 11:18  Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon was the border of Moab.

Numbers 21:4  And they journeyed from mount Hor by the way of the Red sea, to compass the land of Edom: and the soul of the people was much discouraged because of the way.

Deuteronomy 2:1-8

1  Then we turned, and took our journey into the wilderness by the way of the Red sea, as Yahweh spake unto me: and we compassed mount Seir many days.

2  And Yahweh spake unto me, saying,

3  Ye have compassed this mountain long enough: turn you northward.

4  And command you the people, saying, Ye are to pass through the coast of your brethren the children of Esau, which dwell in Seir; and they shall be afraid of you: take ye good heed unto yourselves therefore:

5  Meddle not with them; for I will not give you of their land, no, not so much as a foot breadth; because I have given mount Seir unto Esau for a possession.

6  Ye shall buy meat of them for money, that ye may eat; and ye shall also buy water of them for money, that ye may drink.

7  For Yahweh your God hath blessed you in all the works of your hand: He knoweth your walking through this great wilderness: these forty years Yahweh your God hath been with you; you hast lacked nothing.

8  And when we passed by from our brethren the children of Esau, which dwelt in Seir, through the way of the plain from Elath, and from Eziongaber, we turned and passed by the way of the wilderness of Moab.

 11:19  And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, Let us pass, we pray you, through your land into my place.   (Deut 2:26 Num 21:22)

 11:20  But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel.   (Num 21:23 Deut 2:32)

 11:21  And Yahweh God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country.   (Num21:24-25 Deut 2:36)

 11:22  And they possessed all the coasts of the Amorites, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and from the wilderness even unto Jordan.

 11:23  So now Yahweh God of Israel hath dispossessed the Amorites from before His people Israel, and shouldest you possess it?

The Amorites defeated both your (Moab's) tribes and took the land from you, and we took it from the Amorites. So you (Moab) can't accuse us from taking it from you.

 11:24  Wilt not you possess that which Chemosh your god giveth you to possess? So whomsoever Yahweh our God shall drive out from before us, them will we possess.

 11:25  And now art you any thing better than Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab? did he ever (constantly) strive against Israel, or did he ever fight against them,

 11:26  While Israel dwelt in Heshbon and her towns, and in Aroer and her towns, and in all the cities that be along by the coasts of Arnon, three hundred years? why therefore did ye not recover them within that time?   (Num 21:25 22:2  Josh 24:9  Deut 2:36)

You had 300 years to do it.

 11:27  Wherefore I have not sinned against you, but you doest me wrong to war against me: Yahweh the Judge be judge this day between the children of Israel and the children of Ammon.

 11:28  Howbeit the king of the children of Ammon hearkened not unto the words of Jephthah which he sent him.

 11:29  Then the Spirit of Yahweh came upon Jephthah, and he passed over Gilead, and Manasseh, and passed over Mizpeh of Gilead, and from Mizpeh of Gilead he passed over unto the children of Ammon.

 11:30  And Jephthah vowed a vow unto Yahweh, and said, If you shalt without fail deliver the children of Ammon into mine hands,

 11:31  Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be Yahweh's, and I will offer it up for a burnt offering.   (Num 30:2)

The Hebrew reads: “...and I will offer up for it a burnt offering.”

Psalm 66:13-14

13  I will go into Your house with burnt offerings: I will pay You my vows,

14  Which my lips have uttered, and my mouth hath spoken, when I was in trouble.

 11:32  So Jephthah passed over unto the children of Ammon to fight against them; and Yahweh delivered them into his hands.

 11:33  And he smote them from Aroer, even till you come to Minnith, even twenty cities, and unto the plain of the vineyards, with a very great slaughter. Thus the children of Ammon were subdued before the children of Israel.

 11:34  And Jephthah came to Mizpeh unto his house, and, behold, his daughter came out to meet him with timbrels and with dances: and she was his only child; beside her he had neither son nor daughter.

 11:35  And it came to pass, when he saw her, that he rent his clothes, and said, Alas, my daughter! you hast brought me very low, and you art one of them that trouble me: for I have opened my mouth unto Yahweh, and I cannot go back.

Septuagint: 35  And it came to pass when he saw her, that he rent his garments, and said, Ah, ah, my daughter, you hast indeed troubled me, and you wast the cause of my trouble; and I have opened my mouth against you to Yahweh, and I shall not be able to return from it.

Ecclesiastes 5:2  Be not rash with your mouth, and let not your heart be hasty to utter any thing before God: for God is in heaven, and you upon earth: therefore let your words be few.

Numbers 30:2  If a man vow a vow unto Yahweh, or swear an oath to bind his soul with a bond; he shall not break his word, he shall do according to all that proceedeth out of his mouth.

 11:36  And she said unto him, My father, if you hast opened your mouth unto Yahweh, do to me according to that which hath proceeded out of your mouth; forasmuch as Yahweh hath taken vengeance for you of your (hated) enemies, even of the children of Ammon.

 11:37  And she said unto her father, Let this thing be done for me: let me alone two months, that I may go up and down upon the mountains, and bewail my virginity, I and my fellows.

 11:38  And he said, Go. And he sent her away for two months: and she went with her companions, and bewailed her virginity upon the mountains.

 11:39  And it came to pass at the end of two months, that she returned unto her father, who did with her according to his vow which he had vowed: and she knew no man. And it was a custom in Israel,

 11:40  That the daughters of Israel went yearly to lament (recount, tell again of) the daughter of Jephthah the Gileadite four days in a year.

Jephthah in verse 30 makes a vow, not expecting his only daughter to come out of the house.

11:31  Then it shall be, that whatsoever cometh forth of the doors of my house to meet me, when I return in peace from the children of Ammon, shall surely be Yahweh's, and I will offer up for it a burnt offering.

We must be careful of the vows, oaths, and promises we make, especially when we involve Yahweh.

Jephthah did not sacrifice his daughter, as the mis-translation suggests.

Jephthah's daughter was dedicated to Yahweh. Being Jephthah's only daughter, now devoted to Yahweh, she would not bring Jephthah grandchildren. She would live her life a virgin and dedicated to temple duties.

It's a good thing the KJV translation is not the vow Jephthah would have keep. Human sacrifice is against Yahweh's law.

 

 

Jephthah and Ephraim

Ibzan

Elon

Abdon

Judges 12:1  And the men of Ephraim gathered themselves together, and went northward, and said unto Jephthah, Wherefore passedst you over to fight against the children of Ammon, and didst not call us to go with you? we will burn your house upon you with fire.

 12:2  And Jephthah said unto them, I and my people were at great strife with the children of Ammon; and when I called you, ye delivered me not out of their hands.

 12:3  And when I saw that ye delivered me not, I put my life in my hands, and passed over against the children of Ammon, and Yahweh delivered them into my hand: wherefore then are ye come up unto me this day, to fight against me?

 12:4  Then Jephthah gathered together all the men of Gilead, and fought with Ephraim: and the men of Gilead smote Ephraim, because they said, Ye Gileadites are fugitives of Ephraim among the Ephraimites, and among the Manassites.

 12:5  And the Gileadites took the passages of Jordan before the Ephraimites: and it was so, that when those Ephraimites which were escaped said, Let me go over; that the men of Gilead said unto him, Art you an Ephraimite? If he said, Nay;

 12:6  Then said they unto him, Say now Shibboleth: and he said Sibboleth: for he could not frame to pronounce it right. Then they took him, and slew him at the passages of Jordan: and there fell at that time of the Ephraimites forty and two thousand.

 12:7  And Jephthah judged (lead) Israel six years. Then died Jephthah the Gileadite, and was buried in one of the cities of Gilead.

Ibzan a Bethlehemite leader in time of the judges

 12:8  And after him Ibzan of Bethlehem judged (lead) Israel.

 12:9  And he had thirty sons, and thirty daughters, whom he sent abroad, and took in thirty daughters from abroad for his sons. And he judged (lead) Israel seven years.

 12:10  Then died Ibzan, and was buried at Bethlehem.

Elon = “terebinth, mighty”. Zebulonite judge (leader) of Israel.

 12:11  And after him Elon, a Zebulonite, judged Israel; and he judged (lead) Israel ten years.

 12:12  And Elon the Zebulonite died, and was buried in Aijalon in the country of Zebulun.

Abdon = “servile”.

 12:13  And after him Abdon the son of Hillel, a Pirathonite, judged (lead) Israel.

 12:14  And he had forty sons and thirty nephews, that rode on threescore and ten ass colts: and he judged (lead) Israel eight years.

 12:15  And Abdon the son of Hillel the Pirathonite died, and was buried in Pirathon in the land of Ephraim, in the mount of the Amalekites.

 

 

The birth of Samson

Judges 13:1  And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of Yahweh; and Yahweh delivered them into the hand of the Philistines forty years.

 13:2  And there was a certain man of Zorah, of the family of the Danites, whose name was Manoah; and his wife was barren, and bare not.

 13:3  And the angel (messenger) of Yahweh appeared unto the woman, and said unto her, Behold now, you art barren, and bearest not: but you shalt conceive, and bear a son.

 13:4  Now therefore beware, I pray you, and drink not wine nor strong drink, and eat not any unclean thing:

 13:5  For, lo, you shalt conceive, and bear a son; and no razor shall come on his head: for the child shall be a Nazarite unto God from the womb: and he shall begin to deliver Israel out of the hand of the Philistines.  

Naziyr means consecrated or devoted.

 13:6  Then the woman came and told her husband, saying, A man of God came unto me, and his countenance was like the countenance of an angel (messenger) of God, very terrible (awesome): but I asked him not whence he was, neither told he me his name:

 13:7  But he said unto me, Behold, you shalt conceive, and bear a son; and now drink no wine nor strong drink, neither eat any unclean thing: for the child shall be a Nazarite to God from the womb to the day of his death.

 13:8  Then Manoah intreated Yahweh, and said, O my Master, let the man of God which You didst send come again unto us, and teach us what we shall do unto the child that shall be born.

 13:9  And God hearkened to the voice of Manoah; and the angel (messenger) of God came again unto the woman as she sat in the field: but Manoah her husband was not with her.

 13:10  And the woman made haste, and ran, and shewed her husband, and said unto him, Behold, the man hath appeared unto me, that came unto me the other day.

 13:11  And Manoah arose, and went after his wife, and came to the man, and said unto him, Art you the man that spakest unto the woman? And he said, I am.

 13:12  And Manoah said, Now let your words come to pass. How shall we order the child, and how shall we do unto him?

 13:13  And the angel (messenger) of Yahweh said unto Manoah, Of all that I said unto the woman let her beware.

 13:14  She may not eat of any thing that cometh of the vine, neither let her drink wine or strong drink, nor eat any unclean thing: all that I commanded her let her observe.

 13:15  And Manoah said unto the angel (messenger) of Yahweh, I pray you, let us detain you, until we shall have made ready a kid for you.

 13:16  And the angel (messenger) of Yahweh said unto Manoah, Though you detain me, I will not eat of your bread: and if you wilt offer a burnt offering, you must offer it unto Yahweh. For Manoah knew not that he was an angel (messenger) of Yahweh.

 13:17  And Manoah said unto the angel (messenger) of Yahweh, What is your name, that when your sayings come to pass we may do you honour?

 13:18  And the angel (messenger) of Yahweh said unto him, Why askest you thus after my name, seeing it is secret?

The Hebrew reads the ending as: “...as it is beyond understanding?”

Secret is H6383, piliy, an adjective, meaning wonderful, incomprehensible, extraordinary.

 13:19  So Manoah took a kid with a meat (grain) offering, and offered it upon a rock unto Yahweh: and the angel did wondrously; and Manoah and his wife looked on.

Wondrously is H6381, pala, a verb, meaning extraordinary, marvelous, difficult to understand.

 13:20  For it came to pass, when the flame went up toward heaven (the sky) from off the altar, that the angel (messenger) of Yahweh ascended in the flame of the altar. And Manoah and his wife looked on it, and fell on their faces to the ground.

 13:21  But the angel (messenger) of Yahweh did no more appear to Manoah and to his wife. Then Manoah knew that he was an angel (messenger) of Yahweh.

 13:22  And Manoah said unto his wife, We shall surely die, because we have seen God.

God is H430 elohiym. Lower case e. The Hebrew reads: “...because we have seen an elohiym.” They saw a divine being sent from Yahweh.

 13:23  But his wife said unto him, If Yahweh were pleased to kill us, He would not have received a burnt offering and a meat (grain) offering at our hands, neither would He have shewed us all these things, nor would as at this time have told us such things as these.

 13:24  And the woman bare a son, and called his name Samson: and the child grew, and Yahweh blessed him.

Samson = “like the sun”, a Danite, son of Manoah, a Nazarite for life, and a judge of Israel for 20 years.

Pronounced Shimshon in Hebrew.

 13:25  And the Spirit of Yahweh began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

 

 

The marriage of Samson

Judges 14:1  And Samson went down to Timnath, and saw a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines.

 14:2  And he came up, and told his father and his mother, and said, I have seen a woman in Timnath of the daughters of the Philistines: now therefore get her for me to wife.

 14:3  Then his father and his mother said unto him, are there no daughters of your brethren, and is there not a woman of all my people, that you goest to take a wife of the uncircumcised Philistines? And Samson said unto his father, Get her for me; for she pleaseth me well.

Genesis 24:3-4

3  And I will make you swear by Yahweh, the God of heaven, and the God of the earth, that you shalt not take a wife unto my son of the daughters of the Canaanites, among whom I dwell:

4  But you shalt go unto my country, and to my kindred, and take a wife unto my son Isaac.

 14:4  But his father and his mother knew not that it was of Yahweh, that he sought an occasion against the Philistines: for at that time the Philistines had dominion over Israel.

 14:5  Then went Samson down, and his father and his mother, to Timnath, and came to the vineyards of Timnath: and, behold, a young lion roared against him.

 14:6  And the Spirit of Yahweh came mightily upon him, and he rent him as he would have rent a kid, and he had nothing in his hand: but he told not his father or his mother what he had done.

 14:7  And he went down, and talked with the woman; and she pleased Samson well.

 14:8  And after a time he returned to take her, and he turned aside to see the carcase of the lion: and, behold, there was a swarm (edah) of bees and honey in the carcase of the lion.

 14:9  And he took thereof in his hands, and went on eating, and came to his father and mother, and he gave them, and they did eat: but he told not them that he had taken the honey out of the carcase of the lion.

 14:10  So his father went down unto the woman: and Samson made there a feast; for so used the young men to do.

 14:11  And it came to pass, when they saw him, that they brought thirty companions to be with him.

 14:12  And Samson said unto them, I will now put forth a riddle unto you: if ye can certainly declare it me within the seven days of the feast, and find it out, then I will give you thirty sheets (linen wrappers, outer tunics) and thirty change of garments:

 14:13  But if ye cannot declare it me, then shall ye give me thirty sheets (outer tunics) and thirty change of garments. And they said unto him, Put forth your riddle, that we may hear it.

 14:14  And he said unto them, Out of the eater came forth meat (food), and out of the strong came forth sweetness. And they could not in three days expound the riddle.

 14:15  And it came to pass on the seventh day, that they said unto Samson's wife, Entice your husband, that he may declare unto us the riddle, lest we burn you and your father's house with fire: have ye called us to take that we have? is it not so?

Septuagint: 15  And it came to pass on the fourth day, that they said to the wife of Sampson, Deceive now your husband, and let him tell you the riddle, lest we burn you and your father's house with fire: did ye invite us to do us violence?

 14:16  And Samson's wife wept before him, and said, you dost but hate me, and lovest me not: you hast put forth a riddle unto the children of my people, and hast not told it me. And he said unto her, Behold, I have not told it my father nor my mother, and shall I tell it you?

Samson's wife was more loyal to her own race than her own husband. Yahweh is teaching us a lesson about race mixing.

 14:17  And she wept before him the seven days, while their feast lasted: and it came to pass on the seventh day, that he told her, because she lay sore upon him: and she told the riddle to the children of her people.

 14:18  And the men of the city said unto him on the seventh day before the sun went down, What is sweeter than honey? and what is stronger than a lion? And he said unto them, If ye had not plowed with my heifer, ye had not found out my riddle.

Samson knew his wife told them.

 14:19  And the Spirit of Yahweh came upon him, and he went down to Ashkelon, and slew thirty men of them, and took their spoil, and gave change of garments unto them which expounded the riddle. And his anger was kindled, and he went up to his father's house.

 14:20  But Samson's wife was given to his companion, whom he had used as his friend.

 

 

The revenge of Samson

Judges 15:1  But it came to pass within a while after, in the time of wheat harvest, that Samson visited his wife with a kid; and he said, I will go in to my wife into the chamber. But her father would not suffer him to go in.

 15:2  And her father said, I verily thought that you hadst utterly hated her; therefore I gave her to your companion: is not her younger sister fairer than she? take her, I pray you, instead of her.

 15:3  And Samson said concerning them, Now (This time) shall I be more blameless than the Philistines, though I do them a displeasure.

 15:4  And Samson went and caught three hundred foxes, and took firebrands, and turned tail to tail, and put a firebrand in the midst between two tails.

 15:5  And when he had set the brands on fire, he let them go into the standing corn (grain) of the Philistines, and burnt up both the shocks, and also the standing corn (grain), with the vineyards and olives.

 15:6  Then the Philistines said, Who hath done this? And they answered, Samson, the son in law of the Timnite, because he had taken his wife, and given her to his companion. And the Philistines came up, and burnt her and her father with fire.

 15:7  And Samson said unto them, Though ye have done this, yet will I be avenged of you, and after that I will cease.

 15:8  And he smote them hip and thigh with a great slaughter: and he went down and dwelt in the top of the rock Etam.

 15:9  Then the Philistines went up, and pitched in Judah, and spread themselves in Lehi.

 15:10  And the men of Judah said, Why are ye come up against us? And they answered, To bind Samson are we come up, to do to him as he hath done to us.

 15:11  Then three thousand men of Judah went to the top of the rock Etam, and said to Samson, Knowest you not that the Philistines are rulers over us? what is this that you hast done unto us? And he said unto them, As they did unto me, so have I done unto them.

 15:12  And they said unto him, We are come down to bind you, that we may deliver you into the hand of the Philistines. And Samson said unto them, Swear unto me, that ye will not fall upon me yourselves.

 15:13  And they spake unto him, saying, No; but we will bind you fast, and deliver you into their hand: but surely we will not kill you. And they bound him with two new cords, and brought him up from the rock.

 15:14  And when he came unto Lehi, the Philistines shouted against him: and the Spirit of Yahweh came mightily upon him, and the cords that were upon his arms became as flax that was burnt with fire, and his bands loosed from off his hands.

 15:15  And he found a new jawbone of an ass, and put forth his hand, and took it, and slew a thousand men therewith.

 15:16  And Samson said, With the jawbone of an ass, heaps upon heaps, with the jaw of an ass have I slain a thousand men.

 15:17  And it came to pass, when he had made an end of speaking, that he cast away the jawbone out of his hand, and called that place Ramathlehi.

Ramath-lehi = “height of a jawbone”. Or 'Jawbone Heights'.

 15:18  And he was sore athirst, and called on Yahweh, and said, You hast given this great deliverance into the hand of Your servant: and now shall I die for thirst, and fall into the hand of the uncircumcised?

 15:19  But God clave an hollow place that was in the jaw, and there came water thereout; and when he had drunk, his spirit came again, and he revived: wherefore he called the name thereof Enhakkore (the well of the invoker, or the fountain(spring) of One calling), which is in Lehi unto this day.

 15:20  And he judged (lead) Israel in the days of the Philistines twenty years.

 

 

Samson and Delilah

Judges 16:1  Then went Samson to Gaza, and saw there an harlot, and went in unto her.

 16:2  And it was told the Gazites, saying, Samson is come hither. And they compassed him in, and laid wait for him all night in the gate of the city, and were quiet all the night, saying, In the morning, when it is day, we shall kill him.

 16:3  And Samson lay till midnight, and arose at midnight, and took the doors of the gate of the city, and the two posts, and went away with them, bar and all, and put them upon his shoulders, and carried them up to the top of an hill that is before Hebron.

Posts is mezuzah, where the Passover blood was marked, and also where we are to post the 10 Commandments on our homes.

Hebron = “association”.

Take the Commandments, put them on your shoulders, and Christ will associate with you!

 16:4  And it came to pass afterward, that he loved a woman in the valley of Sorek, whose name was Delilah.

 16:5  And the lords of the Philistines came up unto her, and said unto her, Entice him, and see wherein his great strength lieth, and by what means we may prevail against him, that we may bind him to afflict him: and we will give you every one of us eleven hundred pieces of silver.

 16:6  And Delilah said to Samson, Tell me, I pray you, wherein your great strength lieth, and wherewith you mightest be bound to afflict you.

 16:7  And Samson said unto her, If they bind me with seven green withs (cords) that were never dried, then shall I be weak, and be as another man (H120 awdawm).

 16:8  Then the lords of the Philistines brought up to her seven green withs (cords) which had not been dried, and she bound him with them.

 16:9  Now there were men lying in wait, abiding with her in the chamber. And she said unto him, The Philistines be upon you, Samson. And he brake the withs, as a thread of tow is broken when it toucheth the fire. So his strength was not known.

 16:10  And Delilah said unto Samson, Behold, you hast mocked me, and told me lies: now tell me, I pray you, wherewith you mightest be bound.

 16:11  And he said unto her, If they bind me fast with new ropes that never were occupied, then shall I be weak, and be as another man (H120 awdawm).

 16:12  Delilah therefore took new ropes, and bound him therewith, and said unto him, The Philistines be upon you, Samson. And there were liers in wait abiding in the chamber. And he brake them from off his arms like a thread.

 16:13  And Delilah said unto Samson, Hitherto you hast mocked me, and told me lies: tell me wherewith you mightest be bound. And he said unto her, If you weavest the seven locks of my head with the web.

 16:14  And she fastened it with the pin, and said unto him, The Philistines be upon you, Samson. And he awaked out of his sleep, and went away with the pin of the beam, and with the web.

 16:15  And she said unto him, How canst you say, I love you, when your heart is not with me? you hast mocked me these three times, and hast not told me wherein your great strength lieth.

 16:16  And it came to pass, when she pressed him daily with her words, and urged him, so that his soul was vexed unto death;

 16:17  That he told her all his heart, and said unto her, There hath not come a razor upon mine head; for I have been a Nazarite (devoted) unto God from my mother's womb: if I be shaven, then my strength will go from me, and I shall become weak, and be like any other man (H120 awdawm).

Micah 7:5  Trust ye not in a friend, put ye not confidence in a guide: keep the doors of your mouth from her that lieth in your bosom.

 16:18  And when Delilah saw that he had told her all his heart, she sent and called for the lords of the Philistines, saying, Come up this once, for he hath shewed me all his heart. Then the lords of the Philistines came up unto her, and brought money in their hand.

 16:19  And she made him sleep upon her knees; and she called for a man, and she caused him to shave off the seven locks of his head; and she began to afflict him, and his strength went from him.

 16:20  And she said, The Philistines be upon you, Samson. And he awoke out of his sleep, and said, I will go out as at other times before, and shake myself. And he wist not that Yahweh was departed from him.

Joshua 7:12  Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies, because they were accursed: neither will I be with you any more, except ye destroy the accursed from among you.

 16:21  But the Philistines took him, and put out his eyes, and brought him down to Gaza, and bound him with fetters of brass (bronze); and he did grind (turned the millstone) in the prison house.

 16:22  Howbeit the hair of his head began to grow again after he was shaven.

 16:23  Then the lords of the Philistines gathered them together for to offer a great sacrifice unto Dagon their god, and to rejoice: for they said, Our god hath delivered Samson our (hated) enemy into our hand.

 16:24  And when the people saw him, they praised their god: for they said, Our god hath delivered into our hands our (hated) enemy, and the destroyer (desolator) of our country, which slew many of us.

 16:25  And it came to pass, when their hearts were merry, that they said, Call for Samson, that he may make us sport. And they called for Samson out of the prison house; and he made them sport: and they set him between the pillars.

Make sport means to laugh at, mock, deride.

 16:26  And Samson said unto the lad that held him by the hand, Suffer me that I may feel the pillars whereupon the house standeth, that I may lean upon them.

 16:27  Now the house was full of men and women; and all the lords of the Philistines were there; and there were upon the roof about three thousand men and women, that beheld while Samson made sport.

 16:28  And Samson called unto Yahweh, and said, O Yahweh GOD, remember me, I pray You, and strengthen me, I pray You, only this once, O God, that I may be at once avenged of the Philistines for my two eyes.

 16:29  And Samson took hold of the two middle pillars upon which the house stood, and on which it was borne up, of the one with his right hand, and of the other with his left.

 16:30  And Samson said, Let me die with the Philistines. And he bowed himself with all his might; and the house fell upon the lords, and upon all the people that were therein. So the dead which he slew at his death were more than they which he slew in his life.

 16:31  Then his brethren and all the house of his father came down, and took him, and brought him up, and buried him between Zorah and Eshtaol in the buryingplace of Manoah his father. And he judged (lead) Israel twenty years.

 

 

Micah's idols and priest

Judges 17:1  And there was a man of mount Ephraim, whose name was Micah.

Micah or Micaiah or Michaiah = “who is like God”.

 17:2  And he said unto his mother, The eleven hundred shekels of silver that were taken from you, about which you cursedst, and spakest of also in mine ears, behold, the silver is with me; I took it. And his mother said, Blessed be you of Yahweh, my son.

 17:3  And when he had restored the eleven hundred shekels of silver to his mother, his mother said, I had wholly dedicated the silver unto Yahweh from my hand for my son, to make a graven image and a molten image: now therefore I will restore it unto you.

Exodus 20:4,23

4  Thou shalt not make unto you any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:

23  Ye shall not make with Me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.

 17:4  Yet he restored the money unto his mother; and his mother took two hundred shekels of silver, and gave them to the founder, who made thereof a graven image and a molten image: and they were in the house of Micah.

 17:5  And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

Mixing paganism with Yahweh and consecrating priests was not right.

 17:6  In those days there was no king in Israel, but every man did that which was right in his own eyes.

 17:7  And there was a young man out of Bethlehemjudah of the family of Judah, who was a Levite, and he sojourned there.

 17:8  And the man departed out of the city from Bethlehemjudah to sojourn where he could find a place: and he came to mount Ephraim to the house of Micah, as he journeyed.

 17:9  And Micah said unto him, Whence comest you? And he said unto him, I am a Levite of Bethlehemjudah, and I go to sojourn where I may find a place.

 17:10  And Micah said unto him, Dwell with me, and be unto me a father and a priest, and I will give you ten shekels of silver by the year, and a suit of apparel, and your victuals. So the Levite went in.

 17:11  And the Levite was content to dwell with the man; and the young man was unto him as one of his sons.

 17:12  And Micah consecrated the Levite; and the young man became his priest, and was in the house of Micah.

 17:13  Then said Micah, Now know I that Yahweh will do me good, seeing I have a Levite to my priest.

Micah cannot serve his gods and Yahweh.

 

 

Danites overtake Laish

Judges 18:1  In those days there was no king in Israel: and in those days the tribe of the Danites sought them an inheritance to dwell in; for unto that day all their inheritance had not fallen unto them among the tribes of Israel.   (Josh 19:47)

 18:2  And the children of Dan sent of their family (clan) five men from their coasts, men of valour, from Zorah, and from Eshtaol, to spy out the land, and to search it; and they said unto them, Go, search the land: who when they came to mount Ephraim, to the house of Micah, they lodged there.

 18:3  When they were by the house of Micah, they knew the voice of the young man the Levite: and they turned in thither, and said unto him, Who brought you hither? and what makest you in this place? and what hast you here?

 18:4  And he said unto them, Thus and thus dealeth Micah with me, and hath hired me, and I am his priest.

 18:5  And they said unto him, Ask counsel, we pray you, of God, that we may know whether our way which we go shall be prosperous.

 18:6  And the priest said unto them, Go in peace: before Yahweh is your way wherein ye go.

 18:7  Then the five men departed, and came to Laish, and saw the people that were therein, how they dwelt careless, after the manner of the Zidonians, quiet and secure; and there was no magistrate in the land, that might put them to shame in any thing; and they were far from the Zidonians, and had no business with any man (H120 awdawm).

They didn't think anyone would bother them.

 18:8  And they came unto their brethren to Zorah and Eshtaol: and their brethren said unto them, What say ye?

 18:9  And they said, Arise, that we may go up against them: for we have seen the land, and, behold, it is very good: and are ye still? be not slothful to go, and to enter to possess the land.

 18:10  When ye go, ye shall come unto a people secure, and to a large land: for God hath given it into your hands; a place where there is no want of any thing that is in the earth (land).

Deuteronomy 8:9  A land wherein you shalt eat bread without scarceness, you shalt not lack any thing in it; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose hills you mayest dig brass.

 18:11  And there went from thence of the family of the Danites, out of Zorah and out of Eshtaol, six hundred men appointed with weapons of war.

 18:12  And they went up, and pitched in Kirjathjearim, in Judah: wherefore they called that place Mahanehdan (camp of Dan) unto this day: behold, it is behind Kirjathjearim.

 18:13  And they passed thence unto mount Ephraim, and came unto the house of Micah.

 18:14  Then answered the five men that went to spy out the country of Laish, and said unto their brethren, Do ye know that there is in these houses an ephod, and teraphim, and a graven image, and a molten image? now therefore consider what ye have to do.

 18:15  And they turned thitherward, and came to the house of the young man the Levite, even unto the house of Micah, and saluted (to ask peace of) him.

 18:16  And the six hundred men appointed with their weapons of war, which were of the children of Dan, stood by the entering of the gate.

 18:17  And the five men that went to spy out the land went up, and came in thither, and took the graven image, and the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image: and the priest stood in the entering of the gate with the six hundred men that were appointed with weapons of war.

 18:18  And these went into Micah's house, and fetched the carved image, the ephod, and the teraphim, and the molten image. Then said the priest unto them, What do ye?

 18:19  And they said unto him, Hold your peace, lay your hand upon your mouth, and go with us, and be to us a father and a priest: is it better for you to be a priest unto the house of one man, or that you be a priest unto a tribe and a family (clan) in Israel?

 18:20  And the priest's heart was glad, and he took the ephod, and the teraphim, and the graven image, and went in the midst of the people.

 18:21  So they turned and departed, and put the little ones and the cattle (livestock) and the carriage before them.

 18:22  And when they were a good way from the house of Micah, the men that were in the houses near to Micah's house were gathered together, and overtook the children of Dan.

 18:23  And they cried unto the children of Dan. And they turned their faces, and said unto Micah, What aileth you, that you comest with such a company?

 18:24  And he said, Ye have taken away my gods which I made, and the priest, and ye are gone away: and what have I more? and what is this that ye say unto me, What aileth you?

 18:25  And the children of Dan said unto him, Let not your voice be heard among us, lest angry fellows run upon you, and you lose your life, with the lives of your household.

 18:26  And the children of Dan went their way: and when Micah saw that they were too strong for him, he turned and went back unto his house.

 18:27  And they took the things which Micah had made, and the priest which he had, and came unto Laish, unto a people that were at quiet and secure: and they smote them with the edge of the sword, and burnt the city with fire.

 18:28  And there was no deliverer, because it was far from Zidon, and they had no business with any man (awdawm); and it was in the valley that lieth by Bethrehob. And they built a city, and dwelt therein.

 18:29  And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born unto Israel: howbeit the name of the city was Laish at the first.

Joshua 19:47  And the coast of the children of Dan went out too little for them: therefore the children of Dan went up to fight against Leshem, and took it, and smote it with the edge of the sword, and possessed it, and dwelt therein, and called Leshem, Dan, after the name of Dan their father.

 18:30  And the children of Dan set up the graven image: and Jonathan, the son of Gershom, the son of Manasseh, he and his sons were priests to the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land.

They could not be priests. They were not Levites of the Aaronic priesthood.

 18:31  And they set them up Micah's graven image, which he made, all the time that the house of God was in Shiloh.

They had a pagan house of worship. The same thing is going on today in the “churches”.

 

 

Story of a Levite

Judges 19:1  And it came to pass in those days, when there was no king in Israel, that there was a certain Levite sojourning on the side of mount Ephraim, who took to him a concubine out of Bethlehemjudah.

 19:2  And his concubine played the whore against him, and went away from him unto her father's house to Bethlehemjudah, and was there four whole months.

 19:3  And her husband arose, and went after her, to speak friendly unto her, and to bring her again, having his servant with him, and a couple of asses: and she brought him into her father's house: and when the father of the damsel saw him, he rejoiced to meet him.

 19:4  And his father in law, the damsel's father, retained him; and he abode with him three days: so they did eat and drink, and lodged there.

 19:5  And it came to pass on the fourth day, when they arose early in the morning, that he rose up to depart: and the damsel's father said unto his son in law, Comfort your heart with a morsel of bread, and afterward go your way.

 19:6  And they sat down, and did eat and drink both of them together: for the damsel's father had said unto the man, Be content, I pray you, and tarry all night, and let your heart be merry.

 19:7  And when the man rose up to depart, his father in law urged him: therefore he lodged there again.

 19:8  And he arose early in the morning on the fifth day to depart: and the damsel's father said, Comfort your heart, I pray you. And they tarried until afternoon, and they did eat both of them.

 19:9  And when the man rose up to depart, he, and his concubine, and his servant, his father in law, the damsel's father, said unto him, Behold, now the day draweth toward evening, I pray you tarry all night: behold, the day groweth to an end, lodge here, that your heart may be merry; and to morrow get you early on your way, that you mayest go home.

 19:10  But the man would not tarry that night, but he rose up and departed, and came over against Jebus, which is Jerusalem; and there were with him two asses saddled, his concubine also was with him.

The Jebusites were Canaanites and the original inhabitants of Jerusalem.

 19:11  And when they were by Jebus, the day was far spent; and the servant said unto his master, Come, I pray you, and let us turn in into this city of the Jebusites, and lodge in it.

 19:12  And his master said unto him, We will not turn aside hither into the city of a stranger, that is not of the children of Israel; we will pass over to Gibeah.   (Josh 18:28)

Stranger here is nokriy, a non-Israelite. Racial aliens. Hence, Canaanites.

 19:13  And he said unto his servant, Come, and let us draw near to one of these places to lodge all night, in Gibeah, or in Ramah.

 19:14  And they passed on and went their way; and the sun went down upon them when they were by Gibeah, which belongeth to Benjamin.

 19:15  And they turned aside thither, to go in and to lodge in Gibeah: and when he went in, he sat him down in a street of the city: for there was no man that took them into his house to lodging.

Matthew 25:43  I was a stranger, and ye took Me not in: naked, and ye clothed Me not: sick, and in prison, and ye visited Me not.

 19:16  And, behold, there came an old man from his work out of the field at even, which was also of mount Ephraim; and he sojourned in Gibeah: but the men of the place were Benjamites.

 19:17  And when he had lifted up his eyes, he saw a wayfaring man in the street of the city: and the old man said, Whither goest you? and whence comest you?

 19:18  And he said unto him, We are passing from Bethlehemjudah toward the side of mount Ephraim; from thence am I: and I went to Bethlehemjudah, but I am now going to the house of Yahweh; and there is no man that receiveth me to house.

 19:19  Yet there is both straw and provender for our asses; and there is bread and wine also for me, and for your handmaid, and for the young man which is with your servants: there is no want of any thing.

 19:20  And the old man said, Peace be with you; howsoever let all your wants lie upon me; only lodge not in the street.

 19:21  So he brought him into his house, and gave provender unto the asses: and they washed their feet, and did eat and drink.

 19:22  Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, certain sons of Belial, beset the house round about, and beat at the door, and spake to the master of the house, the old man, saying, Bring forth the man that came into your house, that we may know him.

This is a sexual connotation. These Benjamites were homosexuals. This story parallels that of Lot and Sodom and Gomorrah and the homos that wanted to know the two angels.

 19:23  And the man, the master of the house, went out unto them, and said unto them, Nay, my brethren, nay, I pray you, do not so wickedly; seeing that this man is come into mine house, do not this folly.

 19:24  Behold, here is my daughter a maiden, and his concubine; them I will bring out now, and humble ye them, and do with them what seemeth good unto you: but unto this man do not so vile a thing.

Genesis 19:8  Behold now, I have two daughters which have not known man; let me, I pray you, bring them out unto you, and do ye to them as is good in your eyes: only unto these men do nothing; for therefore came they under the shadow of my roof.

 19:25  But the men would not hearken to him: so the man took his concubine, and brought her forth unto them; and they knew her, and abused her all the night until the morning: and when the day began to spring, they let her go.

 19:26  Then came the woman in the dawning of the day, and fell down at the door of the man's house where her lord was, till it was light.

 19:27  And her lord rose up in the morning, and opened the doors of the house, and went out to go his way: and, behold, the woman his concubine was fallen down at the door of the house, and her hands were upon the threshold.

 19:28  And he said unto her, Up, and let us be going. But none answered (she didn't answer)(for she was dead). Then the man took her up upon an ass, and the man rose up, and gat him unto his place.

 19:29  And when he was come into his house, he took a knife, and laid hold on his concubine, and divided her, together with her bones, into twelve pieces, and sent her into all the coasts (territories) of Israel.

 19:30  And it was so, that all that saw it said, There was no such deed done nor seen from the day that the children of Israel came up out of the land of Egypt unto this day: consider of it, take advice, and speak your minds.

Apparently the twelve tribes will share in the shame of this harlot.

 

 

The rout of Benjamin

Judges 20:1  Then all the children of Israel went out, and the congregation was gathered together as one man, from Dan even to Beersheba, with the land of Gilead, unto Yahweh in Mizpeh.

 20:2  And the chief of all the people, even of all the tribes of Israel, presented themselves in the assembly of the people of God, four hundred thousand footmen that drew sword.

 20:3  (Now the children of Benjamin heard that the children of Israel were gone up to Mizpeh.) Then said the children of Israel, Tell us, how (in what manner) was this wickedness?

 20:4  And the Levite, the husband of the woman that was slain, answered and said, I came into Gibeah that belongeth to Benjamin, I and my concubine, to lodge.

 20:5  And the men of Gibeah rose against me, and beset the house round about upon me by night, and thought to have slain me: and my concubine have they forced, that she is dead.

 20:6  And I took my concubine, and cut her in pieces, and sent her throughout all the country of the inheritance of Israel: for they have committed lewdness and folly in Israel.

 20:7  Behold, ye are all children of Israel; give here your advice and counsel.

 20:8  And all the people arose as one man, saying, We will not any of us go to his tent, neither will we any of us turn into his house.

 20:9  But now this shall be the thing which we will do to Gibeah; we will go up by lot against it;

 20:10  And we will take ten men of an hundred throughout all the tribes of Israel, and an hundred of a thousand, and a thousand out of ten thousand, to fetch victual for the people, that they may do, when they come to Gibeah of Benjamin, according to all the folly that they have wrought in Israel.

These were Benjamite homosexuals that were trying to take advantage of a Levite.

 20:11  So all the men of Israel were gathered against the city, knit (united) together as one man.

 20:12  And the tribes of Israel sent men through all the tribe of Benjamin, saying, What wickedness is this that is done among you?

Deuteronomy 13:14  Then shalt you enquire, and make search, and ask diligently; and, behold, if it be truth, and the thing certain, that such abomination is wrought among you;

 20:13  Now therefore deliver us the men, the children of Belial, which are in Gibeah, that we may put them to death, and put away evil from Israel. But the children of Benjamin would not hearken to the voice of their brethren the children of Israel:

They were harboring these homosexual worshipers of Baal.

Deuteronomy 13:13  Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which ye have not known;

 20:14  But the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together out of the cities unto Gibeah, to go out to battle against the children of Israel.

 20:15  And the children of Benjamin were numbered (mustered) at that time out of the cities twenty and six thousand men that drew sword, beside the inhabitants of Gibeah, which were numbered (mustered) seven hundred chosen men.

 20:16  Among all this people there were seven hundred chosen men lefthanded; every one could sling stones at an hair breadth, and not miss.

 20:17  And the men of Israel, beside Benjamin, were numbered four hundred thousand men that drew sword: all these were men of war.

 20:18  And the children of Israel arose, and went up to the house of God, and asked counsel of God, and said, Which of us shall go up first to the battle against the children of Benjamin? And Yahweh said, Judah shall go up first.

Enquire of Yahweh by lot.

 20:19  And the children of Israel rose up in the morning, and encamped against Gibeah.

 20:20  And the men of Israel went out to battle against Benjamin; and the men of Israel put themselves in array to fight against them at Gibeah.

 20:21  And the children of Benjamin came forth out of Gibeah, and destroyed down to the ground of the Israelites that day twenty and two thousand men.

Genesis 49:27  Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.

 20:22  And the people the men of Israel encouraged themselves, and set their battle again in array in the place where they put themselves in array the first day.

 20:23  (And the children of Israel went up and wept before Yahweh until even, and asked counsel of Yahweh, saying, Shall I go up again to battle against the children of Benjamin my brother? And Yahweh said, Go up against him.)

 20:24  And the children of Israel came near against the children of Benjamin the second day.

 20:25  And Benjamin went forth against them out of Gibeah the second day, and destroyed down to the ground of the children of Israel again eighteen thousand men; all these drew the sword.

 20:26  Then all the children of Israel, and all the people, went up, and came unto the house of God, and wept, and sat there before Yahweh, and fasted that day until even, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before Yahweh.

 20:27  And the children of Israel enquired of Yahweh, (for the ark of the covenant of God was there in those days,

 20:28  And Phinehas, the son of Eleazar, the son of Aaron, stood before it in those days,) saying, Shall I yet again go out to battle against the children of Benjamin my brother, or shall I cease? And Yahweh said, Go up; for to morrow I will deliver them into your hand.

Yahweh was allowing those Israelites which He knew were not upright to be killed. Now the upright men are left and will execute His judgment on the children of Benjamin.

 20:29  And Israel set liers in wait round about Gibeah.

 20:30  And the children of Israel went up against the children of Benjamin on the third day, and put themselves in array against Gibeah, as at other times.

 20:31  And the children of Benjamin went out against the people, and were drawn away from the city; and they began to smite of the people, and kill, as at other times, in the highways, of which one goeth up to the house of God, and the other to Gibeah in the field, about thirty men of Israel.

 20:32  And the children of Benjamin said, They are smitten down before us, as at the first. But the children of Israel said, Let us flee, and draw them from the city unto the highways.

 20:33  And all the men of Israel rose up out of their place, and put themselves in array at Baaltamar: and the liers in wait of Israel came forth out of their places, even out of the meadows of Gibeah.

 20:34  And there came against Gibeah ten thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and the battle was sore: but they knew not that evil (harm) was near them.

 20:35  And Yahweh smote Benjamin before Israel: and the children of Israel destroyed of the Benjamites that day twenty and five thousand and an hundred men: all these drew the sword.

 20:36  So the children of Benjamin saw that they were smitten: for the men of Israel gave place to the Benjamites, because they trusted unto the liers in wait which they had set beside Gibeah.

 20:37  And the liers in wait hasted, and rushed upon Gibeah; and the liers in wait drew themselves along, and smote all the city with the edge of the sword.

 20:38  Now there was an appointed sign between the men of Israel and the liers in wait, that they should make a great flame with smoke rise up out of the city.

 20:39  And when the men of Israel retired in the battle, Benjamin began to smite and kill of the men of Israel about thirty persons: for they said, Surely they are smitten down before us, as in the first battle.

 20:40  But when the flame began to arise up out of the city with a pillar of smoke, the Benjamites looked behind them, and, behold, the flame of the city ascended up to heaven (the sky).

 20:41  And when the men of Israel turned again, the men of Benjamin were amazed: for they saw that evil (harm)was come upon them.

 20:42  Therefore they turned their backs before the men of Israel unto the way of the wilderness; but the battle overtook them; and them which came out of the cities they destroyed in the midst of them.

 20:43  Thus they inclosed the Benjamites round about, and chased them, and trode them down with ease over against Gibeah toward the sunrising.

 20:44  And there fell of Benjamin eighteen thousand men; all these were men of valour.

 20:45  And they turned and fled toward the wilderness unto the rock of Rimmon: and they gleaned (slew) of them in the highways five thousand men; and pursued hard after them unto Gidom, and slew two thousand men of them.

 20:46  So that all which fell that day of Benjamin were twenty and five thousand men that drew the sword; all these were men of valour.

 20:47  But six hundred men turned and fled to the wilderness unto the rock Rimmon, and abode in the rock Rimmon four months.

 20:48  And the men of Israel turned again upon the children of Benjamin, and smote them with the edge of the sword, as well the men of every city, as the beast, and all that came to hand: also they set on fire all the cities that they came to.

 

 

Wives for Benjaminites

Judges 21:1  Now the men of Israel had sworn in Mizpeh, saying, There shall not any of us give his daughter unto Benjamin to wife.

 21:2  And the people came to the house of God, and abode there till even before God, and lifted up their voices, and wept sore;

 21:3  And said, O Yahweh God of Israel, why is this come to pass in Israel, that there should be to day one tribe lacking in Israel?

Almost all of Benjamin were killed in this civil war.

 21:4  And it came to pass on the morrow, that the people rose early, and built there an altar, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings.

 21:5  And the children of Israel said, Who is there among all the tribes of Israel that came not up with the congregation unto Yahweh? For they had made a great oath concerning him that came not up to Yahweh to Mizpeh, saying, He shall surely be put to death.

 21:6  And the children of Israel repented them for Benjamin their brother, and said, There is one tribe cut off from Israel this day.

 21:7  How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing we have sworn by Yahweh that we will not give them of our daughters to wives?

 21:8  And they said, What one is there of the tribes of Israel that came not up to Mizpeh to Yahweh? And, behold, there came none to the camp from Jabeshgilead to the assembly.

 21:9  For the people were numbered (mustered), and, behold, there were none of the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead there.

They didn't go to fight against Benjamin as commanded by Yahweh, they broke the law, so they were going to pay for it.

 21:10  And the congregation sent thither twelve thousand men of the valiantest, and commanded them, saying, Go and smite the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead with the edge of the sword, with the women and the children.

 21:11  And this is the thing that ye shall do, Ye shall utterly destroy every male, and every woman that hath lain by man.

 21:12  And they found among the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead four hundred young virgins, that had known no man by lying with any male: and they brought them unto the camp to Shiloh, which is in the land of Canaan.

 21:13  And the whole congregation sent some to speak to the children of Benjamin that were in the rock Rimmon, and to call peaceably unto them.

 21:14  And Benjamin came again at that time; and they gave them wives which they had saved alive of the women of Jabeshgilead: and yet so they sufficed them not.

They may have found them insufficient. The meaning is unclear.

 21:15  And the people repented them for Benjamin, because that Yahweh had made a breach in the tribes of Israel.

 21:16  Then the elders of the congregation said, How shall we do for wives for them that remain, seeing the women are destroyed out of Benjamin?

 21:17  And they said, There must be an inheritance for them that be escaped of Benjamin, that a tribe be not destroyed out of Israel.

 21:18  Howbeit we may not give them wives of our daughters: for the children of Israel have sworn, saying, Cursed be he that giveth a wife to Benjamin.

 21:19  Then they said, Behold, there is a feast of Yahweh in Shiloh yearly in a place which is on the north side of Bethel, on the east side of the highway that goeth up from Bethel to Shechem, and on the south of Lebonah.

 21:20  Therefore they commanded the children of Benjamin, saying, Go and lie in wait in the vineyards;

 21:21  And see, and, behold, if the daughters of Shiloh come out to dance in dances, then come ye out of the vineyards, and catch you every man his wife of the daughters of Shiloh, and go to the land of Benjamin.

 21:22  And it shall be, when their fathers or their brethren come unto us to complain, that we will say unto them, Be favourable unto them for our sakes: because we reserved not to each man his wife in the war: for ye did not give unto them at this time, that ye should be guilty.

You won't be guilty for giving your daughters to them, (verse 18).

 21:23  And the children of Benjamin did so, and took them wives, according to their number, of them that danced, whom they caught: and they went and returned unto their inheritance, and repaired the cities, and dwelt in them.

 21:24  And the children of Israel departed thence at that time, every man to his tribe and to his family, and they went out from thence every man to his inheritance.

 21:25  In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes.

 

NOTE: The book of Judges is not entirely in chronological order. The last chapters about the Benjaminites occurred around the time when Phinehas was the high priest and Israel still had the Ark of the Covenant.

 

Eli and Samuel are also considered judges (leaders).

ELI

1 Samuel 4:18 And it came to pass, when he made mention of the ark of God, that he (Eli) fell from off the seat backward by the side of the gate, and his neck brake, and he died: for he was an old man, and heavy. And he had judged Israel forty years.

SAMUEL

1 Samuel 7:6

And they gathered together to Mizpeh, and drew water, and poured it out before the Lord, and fasted on that day, and said there, We have sinned against the Lord. And Samuel judged (lead) the children of Israel in Mizpeh.

1 Samuel 7:15

And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life.

Elkanah and Hannah begat Samuel (means – asked of Yahweh)

Samuel begat Joel and Abiah, who walked not in the ways of Yahweh.

 

JUDGES – CHURCH DOCTRINE VS. SCRIPTURE

Below are 3 sources of what the modern churches preach today about the book of Judges.

The purpose is to expose the apostasy and perversion of the scriptures, and to educate our people about the truth of our heritage. That we, the anglo-saxon race who are the descendants of ancient Israel, are the people of Abraham's seed and therefore the heirs of the promises of Yahweh. Not the Jews who distort and pervert the scriptures and teach the 'traditions of men'.

 

Biblehub.com

The book of Judges includes several interesting genres; Poetry, Riddles, and mainly Narrative History. Its author is anonymous but it is usually assumed that Samuel, the prophet wrote it. It was written about 1086-1004 B.C. Key personalities include Othniel, Ehud, Deborah, Gideon, Abimelech, Jephthah, Samson, and Delilah.

Its purpose was to teach Israel that God is faithful and certain to punish sin therefore each person must remain loyal and devoted to Him. This book shows the immediate generations after the conquest of the promise land and unfortunately, the results of unfaithfulness are similar to what we have seen in the past... awful.

• In chapters 1:1-3:6, we find that the Israelites have failed to keep their part of the covenant (among many other things), and did not entirely conquer and take control of all the land that they were promised. They were to completely destroy the peoples of those lands. This problem unfortunately grows wildly out of control as time goes on.

• From 3:7-16, God raises up judges to rescue Israel several times. A cycle of sin-rescue-worship-sin continues constantly. These rescues were temporary because we find that the nation’s obedience only lasted as long as the life of that particular judge. Out of the 14 judges mentioned, the major judges that stand out are famous stories of Deborah, Gideon, and Samson.

• In chapters 17-31, we see Israel slumping into a horrid state of moral demise and ruin. Predominantly in the tribes of Dan and Benjamin, we see how far man has really turned from the God of Abraham. The Dan tribe had almost completely given in to the worship of idols made by a man named Micah, even to the point that they practically defend it. Later, the entire tribe of Benjamin is wiped out down to 600 men in a violent and vicious civil war. Because most of Benjamin were Baal worshipers and homosexuals. It is here we read the sad passage of truth, "In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as he saw fit" (Judges 21:25).

 

 

Biblestudytools.com

The title refers to the leaders Israel had from the time of the elders who outlived Joshua until the time of the monarchy. Their principal purpose is best expressed in 2:16: "Then the Lord raised up judges, who saved them out of the hands of . . . raiders." Since it was God who permitted the oppressions and raised up deliverers, he himself was Israel's ultimate Judge and Deliverer (11:27; see 8:23, where Gideon, a judge, insists that the Lord is Israel's true ruler).

The book of Judges depicts the life of Israel in the promised land from the death of Joshua to the rise of the monarchy. On the one hand, it is an account of frequent apostasy, provoking divine chastening. On the other hand, it tells of urgent appeals to God in times of crisis, moving the Lord to raise up leaders (judges) through whom he throws off foreign oppressors and restores the land to peace.

With Israel's conquest of the promised land through the leadership of Joshua, many of the covenant promises God had made to their ancestors were fulfilled (Jos 21:43-45). The Lord's land, where Israel was to enter into rest, lay under their feet; it remained only for them to occupy it, to displace the Canaanites and to cleanse it of paganism. The time had come for Israel to be the kingdom of God in the form of an established commonwealth on earth.

But in Canaan Israel quickly forgot the acts of God that had given them birth and had established them in the land. Consequently they lost sight of their unique identity as God's people, chosen and called to be his army and the loyal citizens of his emerging kingdom. They settled down and attached themselves to Canaan's peoples together with Canaanite morals, gods, and religious beliefs and practices as readily as to Canaan's agriculture and social life.

Throughout Judges the fundamental issue is the lordship of God in Israel, especially Israel's acknowledgment of and loyalty to his rule. His kingship over Israel had been uniquely established by the covenant at Sinai (Ex 19-24), which was later renewed by Moses on the plains of Moab (Dt 29) and by Joshua at Shechem (Jos 24). The author accuses Israel of having rejected the kingship of the Lord again and again. They stopped fighting the Lord's battles, turned to the gods of Canaan to secure the blessings of family, flocks and fields, and abandoned God's laws for daily living. In the very center of the cycle of the judges, Gideon had to remind Israel that the Lord was their King (8:23). The recurring lament, and indictment, of chs. 17 - 21 is: "In those days Israel had no king; everyone did as he saw fit" (17:6). The primary reference here is doubtless to the earthly mediators of the Lord's rule (i.e., human kings), but the implicit charge is that Israel did not truly acknowledge or obey her heavenly King either.

Only by the Lord's sovereign use of foreign oppression to chasten his people -- thereby implementing the covenant curses (Lev 26:14-45; Dt 28:15-68) -- and by his raising up deliverers when his people cried out to him did he maintain his kingship in Israel and preserve his embryonic kingdom from extinction. Israel's flawed condition was graphically exposed; they continued to need new saving acts by God in order to enter into the promised rest (Jos 1:13).

Out of the recurring cycles of disobedience, foreign oppression, cries of distress, and deliverance (2:11-19; Ne 9:26-31) emerges another important theme -- the covenant faithfulness of the Lord. The amazing patience and long-suffering of God are no better demonstrated than during this unsettled period.

Remarkably, this age of Israel's failure, following directly on the redemptive events that came through Moses and Joshua, is in a special way the OT age of the Spirit. God's Spirit enabled people to accomplish feats of victory in the Lord's war against the powers that threatened his kingdom (3:10; 6:34; 11:29; 13:25; 14:6,19; 15:14; see also 1Sa 10:6,10; 11:6; 16:13). This same Spirit, poured out on the church following the redemptive work of the second Joshua (Jesus), empowered the people of the Lord to begin the task of preaching the gospel to all nations and of advancing the kingdom of God ( Ac 1:2,8). The word church does not belong in the bible. The word is ecclessia, which means congregation, which would consist of people, a called out group. This would only include the children of Israel, because it was only the seed of Jacob that Yahweh called. The gospel is only for the children of Israel, all 12 nations (tribes). Not the world and the other races. Christ came only for the lost sheep of the house of Israel. (Matt 10:6 15:24 Luke 15:4)

 

 

Insight.org

Who wrote the book?

The text of Judges gives no indication as to who wrote the book, but Jewish tradition names the prophet Samuel as the author. The Jews are not Israel, they are of Cain and Esau. This Bible is about the generations of Adam, and more exclusively, the children of Jacob. The word Jew is a deliberate and incorrect translation of the word Judah or Judahite. You can find the traditions of the Jews in their bible, the Talmud, and their religion, Judaism. The namesake of 1 and 2 Samuel, Samuel was the last of the judges, one of the special leaders whom God raised up during this time period to rescue His people. The judges did not oversee merely legal matters, as in our sense of the role; their tasks often included military and administrative authority as well.

Why Samuel? The author of Judges certainly lived in the early days of the monarchy. The recurring statement, “in those days there was no king in Israel” (Judges 17:6; 18:1; 19:1; 21:25), points out a contrast between the events happening in the book and the time of its writing. Clues within Judges suggest it was written before David established his throne in Jerusalem (1004 BC), yet after Saul was anointed king (1051 BC) (compare Judges 1:21 with 2 Samuel 5:6–7 and Judges 1:29 with 1 Kings 9:16). Also, Samuel was known to write on occasion (1 Samuel 10:25).

Where are we?

We think about the judges as both a period of time and a book of the Bible. The period of the judges began after the death of Joshua in the early fourteenth century BC (Joshua 24:29) and continued until Saul was crowned king of Israel by the prophet Samuel in 1051 BC (1 Samuel 10:24). The book of Judges acts as the sequel to the book of Joshua, linked by comparable accounts of Joshua’s death (Joshua 24:29–31; Judges 2:6–9). Events within the book of Judges span the geographical breadth of the nation, happening in a variety of cities, towns, and battlefields. Scholars believe some of the judges ruled simultaneously in separate geographical regions. Attempts to calculate the exact amount of time covered in Judges are inconclusive, but generally, the book begins soon after the death of Joshua and ends in the years just before the entrance of Samuel onto the scene, a period of about three hundred years.

The contents of Judges were likely not written chronologically. The final few chapters (Judges 17–21) give an overview of the moral climate during those days and, rather than occurring after the period of the judges listed earlier in the book, they probably happened in and around the times of various judges mentioned in earlier chapters.

Why is Judges so important?

The time of the judges brought about great apostasy in Israel. The nation underwent political and religious turmoil as the people tried to possess those parts of the land that had not yet been fully conquered. The tribes fought among themselves, as well, nearly wiping out the tribes of Manasseh (Judges 12) and Benjamin (20–21). The pattern of behavior in the book of Judges is clear: the people rebelled through idolatry and disbelief, God brought judgment through foreign oppression, God raised up a deliverer—or judge, and the people repented and turned back to God. When the people fell back into sin, the cycle started over again.

Ironically, in this book we meet many heroes of faith: Othniel, Gideon, Samson, Shamgar, Deborah, Jephthah, Ehud . . . flawed individuals who answered God’s call to deliver the Israelites in sometimes dramatic form. The book includes many of the most graphic, violent, and disturbing scenes in all Scripture—some in the name of righteousness, others in the name of evil.

What's the big idea?

The primary message of Judges is that God will not allow sin to go unpunished. As Exodus established, Israel was God’s people—He was their King. They had forsaken the covenant established at Mount Sinai. In Judges, He disciplined them for following other gods, disobeying His sacrificial laws, engaging in blatant immorality, and descending into anarchy at times. Yet because they were His people, He listened to their cries for mercy and raised up leaders to deliver them. Unfortunately, even these godly individuals did not wield sufficient influence to change the nation’s direction. The people’s inability to resist sinful Canaanite (Jewish) influences eventually revealed their desire for a centralized monarchy, led by a righteous king whom God would choose as His intermediary.

How do I apply this?

Memory is a gift. Remembering the past teaches us countless lessons about how to live today. So why do the “churches” ignore the OT?!!! The Israelites forgot. They did not remember the miraculous events that brought them to their land or the covenant that united them to their God. But God did not forget His covenant—and because of His great love for His people, He disciplined His sinful children so that they might return to Him.

Have you forgotten the great works God has done in your life? Perhaps your difficult circumstances are overpowering your faith. Do you feel as if He is disciplining you right now? Know that He disciplines those He loves (Hebrews 12:5–11). Return to Him. Remember, trust, and obey. He is waiting with open arms.