The word Jew is not used once.

Job is Jobab, one of 13 sons of Joktan. A Shemite. (See article at bottom)


Job had words of scientific insight:

Job declares Yahweh 'hangeth the earth upon nothing'. Job 26:7

It was not until 1475 AD that Copernicus published his theory that the earth hangs in space.

Job said God 'seeth under the whole heavens to make the weight for the winds.' Job 28:24-25

It was not until 1630 AD that Galileo declared the air has weight.

Job said 'Where is the way where light dwelleth and as for darkness, where is the place thereof?' Job 38:19

Professor Low-Great Scientific Achievements-1936 wrote on the conquest of the stratosphere and commented, 'As the atmosphere becomes more rarefied, the sky grows darker, and at a height of 100 miles, the sky is pitch black.


Job is the oldest book in the Bible.

Job was the perfect example of what a true believer in the Almighty should be. He had infinite patience. The patience to overcome the trials of this world.

His story is briefly, that of a man of high and honorable position who is described as 'perfect, upright, God-fearing, eschewing evil, holding fast integrity.'

Satan issued a challenge- if Job would lose his faith (allegiance) in Yahweh, if he were deprived of his family and possessions, Would he curse Yahweh?


Job's 3 friends were prophetic symbols of the three unclean spirits and the three parts of the world system under which we live. Economical, political and ecumenical (religious).

Revelation 16:13  And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet.

19  And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath.

We are rapidly approaching a one-world monetary system, a one-world government and a one-world religion. None of these systems can help us know the will of Yahweh, because they are man made and oriented to things physical, not spiritual. Then Elihu (a type of saviour) greatly angered by the failure of Job's three friends, begins to counsel Job as to the true nature of Yahweh and Job's (our) responsibility to Him.

But what is the end of this story? We are told three important things happened:

Job realizes his true relation to Yahweh. Job 42:5  I have heard of Thee by the hearing of the ear (hearsay): but now mine eye seeth Thee (inward personal experience).

Job realized himself and his true position before Yahweh and said Job 42:6  Wherefore I abhor myself, and repent in dust and ashes.

Job realized his true relation to his friends, 'He prayed for his friends.' In so doing, Job was a blessing to his friends because only through Job's intercession and prayers could these three (symbols) be reconciled unto Yahweh.

Two results followed:

Yahweh turned the captivity of Job when he prayed for his friends.

Yahweh gave Job twice as much as he had before and Yahweh blessed his latter end more than his beginning.

How symbolic. The 'latter day' means the period of time subsequent to the first advent. Prince Yahshua's return will be better than the first!


Job is an example of trial by fire.

Job was humble. Then he exalted himself. And then he humbled himself. And was again exalted.

We all have a little dross.

Matthew 23:12  And whosoever shall exalt himself shall be abased; and he that shall humble himself shall be exalted.

Proverbs 25:4  Take away the dross from the silver, and there shall come forth a vessel for the finer.



Job in the Hebrew is Iyob. Iyob means hated (persecuted).



Permission to test Job

Job 1:1  There was a man in the land of Uz, whose name was Job; and that man was perfect and upright, and one that feared (held in awe) God (Elohiym), and eschewed evil.

1Chronicles 1:17  The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.

 1:2  And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters.

 1:3  His substance (livestock) also was seven thousand sheep, and three thousand camels, and five hundred yoke of oxen, and five hundred she asses, and a very great household (of servants); so that this man was the greatest of all the men of the east.

 1:4  And his sons went and feasted in their houses, every one his day; and sent and called for their three sisters to eat and to drink with them.

 1:5  And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be (Perhaps) that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually (all the days).

Ezekiel 14:14  Though these three men, Noah, Daniel, and Job, were in it, they should deliver but their own souls by their righteousness, saith Yahweh GOD.

 1:6  Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before Yahweh, and Satan (The Adversary) came also among them.

Genesis 6:2  That the sons of God saw the daughters of men (Adam) that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose.

The sons of God (Ben Elohiym) are a reference to the angels of God. Not man. These would include the good and/or the bad angels.

 1:7  And Yahweh said unto Satan, Whence comest you? Then Satan answered Yahweh, and said, From going to and fro in the earth (land), and from walking up and down in it.

 1:8  And Yahweh said unto Satan, Hast you considered (put your mind upon) My servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth (land), a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth (holds in awe) God, and escheweth evil?

 1:9  Then Satan answered Yahweh, and said, Doth Job fear (holds in awe) God for nought?

Revelation 12:10  And I heard a loud voice saying in heaven, Now is come salvation, and strength, and the kingdom of our God, and the power of His Christ: for the accuser of our brethren is cast down, which accused them before our God day and night.

 1:10  Hast not You made an hedge about him, and about his house, and about all that he hath on every side? You hast blessed the work of his hands, and his substance is increased in the land.

Psalm 34:7  The messenger of Yahweh encampeth round about them that fear Him, and delivereth them.

 1:11  But put forth Your hand now, and touch all that he hath, and he will curse You to Your face.

Satan is saying that Job is a fair weather believer.

Isaiah 8:21  And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward.

Ephesians 6:5  Servants, be obedient to them that are your masters according to the flesh, with fear and trembling, in singleness of your heart, as unto Christ;

6:6  Not with eyeservice, as menpleasers; but as the servants of Christ, doing the will of God from the heart;

Hebrews 4:12  For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.

 1:12  And Yahweh said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in your power (hand); only upon himself put not forth your hand. So Satan went forth from the presence of Yahweh.

Both power and hand are from H3027.

 1:13  And there was a day when his sons and his daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house:

Ecclesiastes 9:12  For man also knoweth not his time: as the fishes that are taken in an evil net, and as the birds that are caught in the snare; so are the sons of men snared in an evil time, when it falleth suddenly upon them.

 1:14  And there came a messenger unto Job, and said, The oxen were plowing, and the asses feeding beside them:

 1:15  And the Sabeans fell upon them, and took them away; yea, they have slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell you.

The Sabeans were a non-Adamic nation in southern Arabia.

 1:16  While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The fire of God is fallen from heaven (the sky), and hath burned up the sheep, and the servants, and consumed them; and I only am escaped alone to tell you.

God did not send the fire. Satan did. Satan is known as the prince of the air.

Septuagint 1:16  While he was yet speaking, there came another messenger, and said to Job, Fire has fallen from heaven (the sky), and burnt up the sheep, and devoured the shepherds like wise; and I having escaped alone am come to tell you.

 1:17  While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, The Chaldeans made out three bands, and fell upon the camels, and have carried them away, yea, and slain the servants with the edge of the sword; and I only am escaped alone to tell you.

 1:18  While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, Your sons and your daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house:

 1:19  And, behold, there came a great wind from the wilderness, and smote the four corners of the house, and it fell upon the young men, and they are dead; and I only am escaped alone to tell you.

Satan sent the great wind from the wilderness. And also the fire that came down from the sky, in verse 16.

 1:20  Then Job arose, and rent his mantle (robe), and shaved his head, and fell down upon the ground, and worshipped,

 1:21  And said, Naked came I out of my mother's womb, and naked shall I return thither: Yahweh gave, and Yahweh hath taken away; blessed be the name of Yahweh.

Sirach 40:1  Great travail is created for every man, and an heavy yoke is upon the sons of Adam, from the day that they go out of their mother's womb, till the day that they return to the mother of all things.

11:14  Prosperity and adversity, life and death, poverty and riches, come of Yahweh.

 1:22  In all this Job sinned not, nor charged God foolishly (nor ascribe wrong-doing unto Elohiym).

Sinned comes from chata, meaning to miss the mark. Job followed The Way.

Job later charges Yahweh.



Satan's second request

Job 2:1  Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before Yahweh, and Satan came also among them to present himself before Yahweh.

 2:2  And Yahweh said unto Satan, From whence comest you? And Satan answered Yahweh, and said, From going to and fro in the earth (land), and from walking up and down in it.

 2:3  And Yahweh said unto Satan, Hast you considered My servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth (land), a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth (holds in awe) God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although you movedst Me against him, to destroy him without cause.

Satan thought he was testing Yahweh. Yahweh was testing Satan. He was using Satan to try Job to remove the dross.

 2:4  And Satan answered Yahweh, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.

 2:5  But put forth Your hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse You to Your face.

 2:6  And Yahweh said unto Satan, Behold, he is in your hand; but save his life.

Do not take his life. Yahweh planned on keeping that gold (Job) when the dross is removed.

 2:7  So went Satan forth from the presence of Yahweh, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown.

 2:8  And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself withal; and he sat down among the ashes.

Satan was also tested, in that he showed himself to have no mercy. He wants God's children to curse Him to His face.

 2:9  Then said his wife unto him, Dost you still retain your integrity? curse God, and die.

Septuagint: 9  And when much time had passed, his wife said to him, How long wilt you hold out, saying, Behold, I wait yet a little while, expecting the hope of my deliverance? for, behold, your memorial is abolished from the land, even your sons and daughters, the pangs and pains of my womb which I bore in vain with sorrows; and you yourself sittest down to spend the nights in the open air among the corruption of worms, and I am a wanderer and a servant from place to place and house to house, waiting for the setting of the sun, that I may rest from my labours and my pangs which now beset me: but say some word against Yahweh, and die.

 2:10  But he said unto her, You speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil (calamity)? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.

 2:11  Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil (calamity) that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.

 2:12  And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven (the sky).

 2:13  So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spake a word unto him: for they saw that his grief was very great.

These friends of Job were likely Adamites.



The first two chapters were prose. Recounting facts of what happened.

Chapter 3 begins the poetical section. A different style of writing, not necessarily literal.

Job 3:1  After this opened Job his mouth, and cursed his day.

This is where Job starts to lose it.

 3:2  And Job spake, and said,

 3:3  Let the day perish wherein I was born, and the night in which it was said, There is a man child conceived.

 3:4  Let that day be darkness; let not God regard it from above, neither let the light shine upon it.

 3:5  Let darkness and the shadow of death stain it (redeem, buy it back); let a cloud dwell upon it; let the blackness of the day terrify it.

 3:6  As for that night, let darkness seize upon it; let it not be joined unto the days of the year, let it not come into the number of the months.

 3:7  Lo, let that night be solitary, let no joyful voice (shout) come therein.

 3:8  Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise (rouse, stir up) up their mourning (leviathan).

H3882 is a figurative of Egypt. Curse it as they curse the day who are ready to rouse up Egypt. Starting war with Egypt. This is a rare poetical usage of Egypt.

Job is still cursing the day of his birth.  

 3:9  Let the stars of the twilight thereof be dark; let it look for light, but have none; neither let it see the dawning of the day:

 3:10  Because it shut not up the doors of my mother's womb, nor hid sorrow (trouble) from mine eyes.

 3:11  Why died I not from the womb? why did I not give up the ghost (expire) when I came out of the belly?

 3:12  Why did the knees prevent me? or why the breasts that I should suck?

 3:13  For now should I have lain still and been quiet, I should have slept: then had I been at rest,

 3:14  With kings and counsellors of the earth (land), which built desolate places (sepulchre) for themselves;

 3:15  Or with princes that had gold, who filled their houses with silver:

 3:16  Or as an hidden untimely birth (miscarriage) I had not been; as infants which never saw light.

Psalm 58:8  As a snail which melteth, let every one of them pass away: like the untimely birth of a woman, that they may not see the sun.

Septuagint: Psalm 8  They shall be destroyed as melted wax: the fire has fallen and they have not seen the sun.

 3:17  There the wicked cease from troubling; and there the weary be at rest.

 3:18  There the prisoners rest together; they hear not the voice of the oppressor.

 3:19  The small and great are there; and the servant is free from his master.   (Jer 20:14-18)

 3:20  Wherefore is light given to him that is in misery, and life unto the bitter in soul;

 3:21  Which long for death, but it cometh not; and dig for it more than for hid treasures;

Revelation 9:6  And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them.

 3:22  Which rejoice exceedingly, and are glad, when they can find the grave?

 3:23  Why is light given to a man whose way (of life) is hid, and whom God hath hedged in?

Septuagint: 23  Death is rest to such a man, for God has hedged him in.

 3:24  For my sighing cometh before I eat, and my roarings are poured out like the waters.

 3:25  For the thing which I greatly feared is come upon me, and that which I was afraid of is come unto me.

 3:26  I was not in safety, neither had I rest, neither was I quiet; yet trouble came.

Did Job fear something else more than Yahweh? Is Job stating that Yahweh has come upon him? Is Job having a hard time trusting Yahweh?

Chapter 3 was all about Job lamenting the day he was born.



The speech of Eliphaz

Job 4:1  Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said,

 4:2  If we assay to commune (attempt to speak) with you, wilt you be grieved? but who can withhold himself from speaking?

 4:3  Behold, you hast instructed many, and you hast strengthened the weak hands.

 4:4  Your words have upholden him that was falling, and you hast strengthened the feeble knees.

 4:5  But now it is come upon you, and you faintest; it toucheth you, and you art troubled.

 4:6  Is not this your fear, your confidence, your hope, and the uprightness of your ways?

 4:7  Remember, I pray you, who ever perished, being innocent? or where were the righteous cut off?

Psalm 37:25  I have been young, and now am old; yet have I not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed begging bread.

 4:8  Even as I have seen, they that plow iniquity, and sow wickedness, reap the same.

Eliphaz is telling Job that he must have done something wrong.

 4:9  By the blast (breath) of God they perish, and by the breath of His nostrils are they consumed.

 4:10  The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, and the teeth of the young lions, are broken.

Psalm 58:6  Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O Yahweh.

 4:11  The old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad.

 4:12  Now a thing was secretly brought to me, and mine ear received a little thereof.

 4:13  In thoughts from the visions of the night, when deep sleep falleth on men,

 4:14  Fear came upon me, and trembling, which made all my bones to shake.

 4:15  Then a spirit passed before my face; the hair of my flesh stood up:

 4:16  It stood still, but I could not discern the form thereof: an image was before mine eyes, there was silence, and I heard a voice, saying,

 4:17  Shall mortal man be more just than God? shall a man be more pure than his Maker?

 4:18  Behold, He put no trust in His servants; and His angels (messengers) He charged with folly:

 4:19  How much less in them that dwell in houses of clay (metaphor for our body), whose foundation is in the dust, which are crushed before the moth?

 4:20  They are destroyed from morning to evening: they perish for ever without any regarding it.

Psalm 90:5-6

5  You carriest them away as with a flood; they are as a sleep: in the morning they are like grass which groweth up.

6  In the morning it flourisheth, and groweth up; in the evening it is cut down, and withereth.

 4:21  Doth not their excellency which is in them go away? they die, even without wisdom.

The Hebrew begins as: “Are not the cords of their tents pulled up?...”



Eliphaz' speech continues

Job 5:1  Call now, if there be any that will answer you; and to which of the saints (set-apart ones) wilt you turn?

 5:2  For wrath killeth the foolish man, and envy slayeth the silly one.

 5:3  I have seen the foolish taking root: but suddenly I cursed his habitation.

Jeremiah 12:2-3

2  You hast planted them (the wicked), yea, they have taken root: they grow, yea, they bring forth fruit: You art near in their mouth, and far from their reins.

3  But You, O Yahweh, knowest me: You hast seen me, and tried mine heart toward You: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them for the day of slaughter.

 5:4  His children are far from safety, and they are crushed in the gate, neither is there any to deliver them.

 5:5  Whose harvest the hungry eateth up, and taketh it even out of the thorns, and the robber swalloweth up their substance.

 5:6  Although affliction cometh not forth of the dust, neither doth trouble spring out of the ground;

 5:7  Yet man (Adam) is born unto trouble, as the sparks (sons of flame) fly upward.

 5:8  I would seek unto God, and unto God would I commit my cause:

 5:9  Which doeth great things and unsearchable; marvellous things without number:

Sirach 43:32  There are yet hid greater things than these be, for we have seen but a few of His works.

 5:10  Who giveth rain upon the earth (face of the land), and sendeth waters upon the fields:

 5:11  To set up on high those that be low; that those which mourn may be exalted to safety.

Psalm 113:7  He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth the needy out of the dunghill;

 5:12  He disappointeth (frustrates) the devices of the crafty, so that their hands cannot perform their enterprise.

Balaam. He tried to curse the Israelites, but only blessings came out. (Numbers 22)

Nehemiah 4:15  And it came to pass, when our enemies heard that it was known unto us, and God had brought their counsel to nought, that we returned all of us to the wall, every one unto his work.

 5:13  He taketh the wise in their own craftiness: and the counsel of the froward (devious) is carried headlong.

1Corinthians 3:19  For the wisdom of this world is foolishness with God. For it is written, He taketh the wise in their own craftiness.

 5:14  They meet with darkness in the daytime, and grope in the noonday as in the night.

 5:15  But He saveth the poor from the sword, from their mouth, and from the hand of the mighty.

Psalm 35:10  All my bones shall say, Yahweh, who is like unto You, which deliverest the poor from him that is too strong for him, yea, the poor and the needy from him that spoileth him?

 5:16  So the poor hath hope, and iniquity (injustice) stoppeth her mouth.

1Samuel 2:8  He raiseth up the poor out of the dust, and lifteth up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes, and to make them inherit the throne of glory: for the pillars of the earth are Yahweh's, and He hath set the world upon them.

 5:17  Behold, happy is the man whom God correcteth: therefore despise not you the chastening of the Almighty:

Proverbs 3:11  My son, despise not the chastening of Yahweh; neither be weary of His correction:

3:12  For whom Yahweh loveth He correcteth; even as a father the son in whom he delighteth.

Hebrews 12:5  And ye have forgotten the exhortation which speaketh unto you as unto children, My son, despise not you the chastening of Yahweh, nor faint when you art rebuked of Him:

12:6  For whom Yahweh loveth He chasteneth, and scourgeth every son whom he receiveth.

 5:18  For He maketh sore, and bindeth up: He woundeth, and His hands make whole.

Hosea 6:1  Come, and let us return unto Yahweh: for He hath torn, and He will heal us; He hath smitten, and He will bind us up.

 5:19  He shall deliver you in six troubles: yea, in seven there shall no evil (harm) touch you.

 5:20  In famine He shall redeem (deliver) you from death: and in war from the power of the sword.

Psalm 33:19  To deliver their soul from death, and to keep them alive in famine.

 5:21  You shalt be hid from the scourge of the tongue: neither shalt you be afraid of destruction when it cometh.

 5:22  At destruction and famine you shalt laugh: neither shalt you be afraid of the beasts (living creatures) of the earth (land).

 5:23  For you shalt be in league with the stones of the field: and the beasts (living creatures) of the field shall be at peace with you.

Psalm 91:12  They shall bear you up in their hands, lest you dash your foot against a stone.

 5:24  And you shalt know that your tabernacle shall be in peace; and you shalt visit your habitation, and shalt not sin (miss the mark of duty/righteousness).

 5:25  You shalt know also that your seed shall be great, and your offspring as the grass of the earth (land).

Psalm 112:2  His seed shall be mighty upon the land: the generation of the upright shall be blessed.

 5:26  You shalt come to your grave in a full age, like as a shock (stack) of corn (grain) cometh in in his season.

Proverbs 10:27  The fear of Yahweh prolongeth days: but the years of the wicked shall be shortened.

 5:27  Lo this, we have searched it, so it is; hear it, and know you it for your good.

Eliphaz was rebuking Job for bewailing his condition.  



Job's reply

Job 6:1  But Job answered and said,

 6:2  Oh that my grief were throughly weighed, and my calamity laid in the balances together!

 6:3  For now it would be heavier than the sand of the sea: therefore my words are swallowed up.

 6:4  For the arrows of the Almighty are within me, the poison whereof drinketh up my spirit: the terrors of God do set themselves in array against me.

Psalm 38:2  For Your arrows stick fast in me, and Your hand presseth me sore.

Psalm 88:15  I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer Your terrors I am distracted.

 6:5  Doth the wild ass bray when he hath grass? or loweth the ox over his fodder?

 6:6  Can that which is unsavoury be eaten without salt? or is there any taste in the white of an egg?

Job is implying is that the arrows of Yahweh that have been put in him have poison. That Yahweh is not around to give him judgment. His sorrows do not match his righteousness.

 6:7  The things that my soul refused to touch are as my sorrowful meat (disease in my food).

 6:8  Oh that I might have my request; and that God would grant me the thing that I long for!

Referring to Job wanting to just die.

 6:9  Even that it would please God to destroy me; that He would let loose His hand, and cut me off!

 6:10  Then should I yet have comfort; yea, I would harden myself in sorrow: let Him not spare; for I have not concealed the words of the Holy (Set Apart) One.

 6:11  What is my strength, that I should hope? and what is mine end, that I should prolong my life?

 6:12  Is my strength the strength of stones? or is my flesh of brass (bronze)?

 6:13  Is not my help in me? and is wisdom driven quite from me?

He is starting to speak things he should not be speaking.

 6:14  To him that is afflicted pity (mercy) should be shewed from his friend; but he forsaketh the fear of the Almighty.

 6:15  My brethren have dealt deceitfully as a brook, and as the stream of brooks they pass away;

Psalm 38:11  My lovers and my friends stand aloof from my sore; and my kinsmen stand afar off.

Jeremiah 15:18  Why is my pain perpetual, and my wound incurable, which refuseth to be healed? wilt You be altogether unto me as a liar, and as waters that fail?

 6:16  Which are blackish by reason of the ice, and wherein the snow is hid:

 6:17  What time they wax warm, they vanish: when it is hot, they are consumed (dried up) out of their place.

 6:18  The paths (caravans) of their way are turned aside; they go to nothing, and perish.

 6:19  The troops (caravans) of Tema looked, the companies of Sheba waited for them.

Genesis 25:15  Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah:  (Sons of Ishmael)

 6:20  They were confounded because they had hoped; they came thither, and were ashamed.

Jeremiah 14:3  And their nobles have sent their little ones to the waters: they came to the pits, and found no water; they returned with their vessels empty; they were ashamed and confounded, and covered their heads.

 6:21  For now you are nothing; you see my casting down, and are afraid.

Job is speaking to his friends.

 6:22  Did I say, Bring unto me? or, Give a reward for me of your substance?

 6:23  Or, Deliver me from the enemy's hand? or, Redeem (Rescue) me from the hand of the mighty (ones)?

 6:24  Teach me, and I will hold my tongue: and cause me to understand wherein I have erred.

 6:25  How forcible (harsh) are right words! but what doth your arguing reprove?

They are not saying anything to him that is helping him.

 6:26  Do you imagine to reprove words, and the speeches of one that is desperate, which are as wind?

 6:27  Yea, you overwhelm (cast lots over) the fatherless, and you dig a pit for (make merchandise of) your friend.

Psalm 57:6  They have prepared a net for my steps; my soul is bowed down: they have digged a pit before me, into the midst whereof they are fallen themselves. Selah.

 6:28  Now therefore be content, look upon me; for it is evident unto you if I lie.

 6:29  Return, I pray you, let it not be iniquity; yea, return again, my righteousness is in it.

Here is the dross. The hint of dross at this point.

 6:30  Is there iniquity in my tongue? cannot my taste discern perverse things?

Job's implication is that his righteousness is of him.



Job's reply continues

Job 7:1  Is there not an appointed time (hard service) to man upon earth (land)? are not his days also like the days of an hireling?

 7:2  As a servant earnestly desireth the shadow, and as an hireling looketh for the reward of his work:

 7:3  So am I made to possess months of vanity, and wearisome nights are appointed to me.

 7:4  When I lie down, I say, When shall I arise, and the night be gone (continue)? and I am full of tossings to and fro unto the dawning of the day.

 7:5  My flesh is clothed with worms and clods of dust; my skin is broken, and become loathsome.

Isaiah 14:11  Thy pomp is brought down to the grave, and the noise of your viols: the worm is spread under you, and the worms cover you.

 7:6  My days are swifter than a weaver's shuttle, and are spent without hope.

 7:7  O remember that my life is wind: mine eye shall no more see good.

Job is feeling total humiliation, yet still curses not Yahweh.

Psalm 78:39  For He remembered that they were but flesh; a wind that passeth away, and cometh not again.

 7:8  The eye of him that hath seen me shall see me no more: your eyes are upon me, and I am not.

He doesn't look like the Job that those who know him when they see him now.

 7:9  As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth away: so he that goeth down to the grave shall come up no more.

 7:10  He shall return no more to his house, neither shall his place know him any more.

 7:11  Therefore I will not refrain my mouth; I will speak in the anguish of my spirit; I will complain in the bitterness of my soul.

Psalm 39:1,9

1  I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me.

9  I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because you didst it.

Job has lost his family, his wealth, his things, his health, his hope and Yahweh's love in his eyes at this moment. What is left to lose? So you begin to speak with your mouth. Just imagine being in his situation.

 7:12  Am I a sea, or a whale, that You settest a watch (a guard) over me?

 7:13  When I say, My bed shall comfort me, my couch shall ease my complaint;

 7:14  Then You (Yahweh) scarest me with dreams, and terrifiest me through visions:

 7:15  So that my soul chooseth strangling, and death rather than my life.

 7:16  I loathe it; I would not live alway: let me alone; for my days are vanity.

 7:17  What is man (enosh, mortal man), that You shouldest magnify him? and that You shouldest set Your heart upon him?

Psalm 8:4  What is man (enosh, mortal), that You art mindful of him? and the son of man (Adam), that You visitest him?

Psalm 144:3  Yahweh, what is man (Adam), that You takest knowledge of him! or the son of man (enosh, mortal man), that You makest account of him!

 7:18  And that You shouldest visit him every morning, and try him every moment?

 7:19  How long wilt You not depart from me, nor let me alone till I swallow down my spittle?

 7:20  I have sinned (missed the mark of duty/righteousness); what shall I do unto You, O You preserver of men (Adam)? why hast You set me as a mark against You, so that I am a burden to myself?

 7:21  And why dost You not pardon my transgression, and take away mine iniquity? for now shall I sleep in the dust; and You shalt seek me in the morning, but I shall not be.

Job is realizing he's done something wrong.



Bildad means 'son of contention'.

Shuah (shuach) is a son of Abraham by Keturah. (1Ch 1:32)

Shuhite in the Hebrew is shuchiy.

The speech of Bildad

Bildad's mockery

Job 8:1  Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said,

 8:2  How long wilt you speak these things? and how long shall the words of your mouth be like a strong wind?

 8:3  Doth God pervert judgment? or doth the Almighty pervert justice?

Genesis 18:25  That be far from You to do after this manner, to slay the righteous with the wicked: and that the righteous should be as the wicked, that be far from You: Shall not the Judge of all the earth do right?

 8:4  If your children have sinned against Him, and He have cast them away for their transgression;

 8:5  If you wouldest seek unto God betimes, and make your supplication to the Almighty;

 8:6  If you wert pure and upright; surely now He would awake for you, and make the habitation of your righteousness prosperous.

 8:7  Though your beginning was small, yet your latter end should greatly increase.

 8:8  For enquire, I pray you, of the former age, and prepare thyself to the search of their fathers:

Sirach 8:9  Miss not the discourse of the elders: for they also learned of their fathers, and of them thou shalt learn understanding, and to give answer as need requireth.

 8:9  (For we are but of yesterday, and know nothing, because our days upon earth (the land) are a shadow:)

1Chronicles 29:15  For we are strangers before You, and sojourners, as were all our fathers: our days on the earth are as a shadow, and there is none abiding.

 8:10  Shall not they teach you, and tell you, and utter words out of their heart?

Many older people were still around who had very long lifespans. But Bildad knew that their own lifespans were not going to be that long.

 8:11  Can the rush grow up without mire? can the flag (marshy grass) grow without water?

 8:12  Whilst it is yet in his greenness, and not cut down, it withereth before any other herb.

Psalm 129:6  Let them be as the grass upon the housetops, which withereth afore it groweth up:

Jeremiah 17:6  For he shall be like the heath in the desert, and shall not see when good cometh; but shall inhabit the parched places in the wilderness, in a salt land and not inhabited.

 8:13  So are the paths of all that forget God; and the hypocrite's hope shall perish:

 8:14  Whose hope shall be cut off, and whose trust shall be a spider's web.

The Hebrew reads: 14  Whose confidence shall break, and a web of a spider shall be his trust.

 8:15  He shall lean upon his house, but it shall not stand: he shall hold it fast, but it shall not endure.

 8:16  He is green before the sun, and his branch shooteth forth in his garden.

 8:17  His roots are wrapped about the heap, and seeth the place of stones.

 8:18  If He destroy him from his place, then it shall deny him, saying, I have not seen you.

Psalm 37:36  Yet he (the wicked) passed away, and, lo, he was not: yea, I sought him, but he could not be found.

 8:19  Behold, this is the joy of his way, and out of the earth (dust) shall others grow.

 8:20  Behold, God will not cast away a perfect man, neither will He help the evil doers:

 8:21  Till He fill your mouth with laughing, and your lips with rejoicing.

 8:22  They that hate you shall be clothed with shame; and the dwelling place of the wicked shall come to nought.

Bildad urges Job to repent, because he must have missed the mark somehow.



Job's reply

Job 9:1  Then Job answered and said,

 9:2  I know it is so of a truth: but how should man (enosh, mortal man) be just with God?

Psalm 143:2  And enter not into judgment with Your servant: for in Your sight shall no man living be justified.

Romans 3:20  Therefore by the deeds (rituals) of the law there shall no flesh be justified in His sight: for by the law is the knowledge of sin.

 9:3  If he (mortal man) will contend with Him (Yahweh), he cannot answer Him one of a thousand.

In all his affliction Job still extols Yahweh.

 9:4  He is wise in heart, and mighty in strength: who hath hardened himself against Him, and hath prospered?

 9:5  Which removeth the mountains, and they know not: which overturneth them in His anger.

 9:6  Which shaketh the earth (land) out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble.

Isaiah 2:19  And they shall go into the holes of the rocks, and into the caves of the land, for fear of Yahweh, and for the glory of His majesty, when He ariseth to shake terribly the earth.

 9:7  Which commandeth the sun, and it riseth not; and sealeth up the stars.

 9:8  Which alone spreadeth out the heavens (skies), and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.

Baruch 3:34  The stars shined in their watches, and rejoiced: when He calleth them, they say, Here we be; and so with cheerfulness they shewed light unto Him that made them.

3:35  This is our God, and there shall none other be accounted of in comparison of Him

 9:9  Which maketh Arcturus (Ayish- Great Bear, Ursa Major), Orion (Kesiyl), and Pleiades (Kiymah- constellation of seven stars), and the chambers of the south.

Amos 5:8  Seek Him that maketh the seven stars and Orion, and turneth the shadow of death into the morning, and maketh the day dark with night: that calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the land: Yahweh is His name:

 9:10  Which doeth great things past finding out; yea, and wonders without number.

 9:11  Lo, He goeth by me, and I see Him not: He passeth on also, but I perceive Him not.

 9:12  Behold, He taketh away, who can hinder Him? who will say unto Him, What doest You?

Isaiah 45:9  Woe unto him that striveth with his Maker! Let the potsherd strive with the potsherds of the earth. Shall the clay say to him that fashioneth it, What makest you? or your work, He hath no hands?

Jeremiah 18:6  O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith Yahweh. Behold, as the clay is in the potter's hand, so are you in Mine hand, O house of Israel.

Romans 9:20  Nay but, O man, who art you that repliest against God? Shall the thing formed say to him that formed it, Why hast you made me thus?

 9:13  If God will not withdraw His anger, the proud helpers do stoop under Him.

Proud is rahab, an epithet for Egypt.

 9:14  How much less shall I answer Him, and choose out my words to reason with Him?

 9:15  Whom, though I were righteous, yet would I not answer, but I would make supplication to my judge (Yahweh).

 9:16  If I had called, and He had answered me; yet would I not believe that He had hearkened unto my voice.

 9:17  For He breaketh me with a tempest, and multiplieth my wounds without cause.

Job is partially right that it is done without cause, but not really. He is being tried by fire to remove the dross he did not know was there. But Yahweh knew it was there.  

 9:18  He will not suffer me to take my breath, but filleth me with bitterness.

Job is blaming Yahweh for what the devil has done to him.

 9:19  If I speak of strength, lo, He is strong: and if of judgment, who shall set me a time to plead?

When can I go to this judgment? Job is implying that Yahweh is afraid to judge him, because He knows how righteous Job is. Yahweh is not coming forth to give the judgment to Job so he can die.

 9:20  If I justify myself, mine own mouth shall condemn me: if I say, I am perfect, it shall also prove me perverse.

 9:21  Though I were perfect, yet would I not know my soul: I would despise my life.

Septuagint: 21  For even if I have sinned, I know it not in my soul: but my life is taken away.

 9:22  This is one thing, therefore I said it, He destroyeth the perfect and the wicked.

These are accusations by Job.

 9:23  If the scourge slay suddenly, He will laugh at the trial of the innocent.

Septuagint: 23  For the worthless die, but the righteous are laughed to scorn.

 9:24  The earth (land) is given into the hand of the wicked: He covereth the faces of the judges thereof; if not, where, and who is he?

Septuagint: 24  For they are delivered into the hands of the unrighteous man: He covers the faces of the judges of the land: but if it be not He, who is it?

 9:25  Now my days are swifter than a post (runner): they flee away, they see no good.

 9:26  They are passed away as the swift ships: as the eagle that hasteth to the prey.

 9:27  If I say, I will forget my complaint, I will leave off my heaviness (sadness), and comfort myself:

 9:28  I am afraid of all my sorrows, I know that You wilt not hold me innocent.

Psalm 119:120  My flesh trembleth for fear of Thee; and I am afraid of Thy judgments.

 9:29  If I be wicked, why then labour I in vain?

 9:30  If I wash myself with snow water, and make my hands never so clean;

 9:31  Yet shalt You plunge me in the ditch, and mine own clothes shall abhor me.

 9:32  For He is not a man, as I am, that I should answer Him, and we should come together in judgment.

Job knows that he and Yahweh are not equals.

Ecclesiastes 6:10  That which hath been is named already, and it is known that it is man: neither may he contend with Him that is mightier than he.

 9:33  Neither is there any daysman betwixt us, that might lay His hand upon us both.

1Samuel 2:25  If one man sin against another, the judge shall judge him: but if a man sin against Yahweh, who shall intreat for him? Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto the voice of their father, because Yahweh would slay them.

 9:34  Let Him take His rod away from me, and let not His fear terrify me:

Psalm 39:10  Remove Thy stroke away from me: I am consumed by the blow of Thine hand.

 9:35  Then would I speak, and not fear Him; but it is not so with me.

Job fears Yahweh, as is we all should.



Job's reply continues

Job 10:1  My soul is weary of my life; I will leave my complaint upon myself; I will speak in the bitterness of my soul.

 10:2  I will say unto God, Do not condemn me; shew me wherefore You contendest with me.

Job is pleading for the judgment.

 10:3  Is it good unto You that You shouldest oppress, that You shouldest despise the work of Your hands, and shine upon the counsel of the wicked?

 10:4  Hast You eyes of flesh? or seest You as man seeth?

Job is starting to question the potter.

 10:5  Are Your days as the days of man? are Your years as man's days,

 10:6  That You enquirest after mine iniquity, and searchest after my sin?

 10:7  You knowest that I am not wicked; and there is none that can deliver out of Your hand.

 10:8  Your hands have made me and fashioned me together round about; yet You dost destroy me.

Psalm 119:73  JOD. Your hands have made me and fashioned me: give me understanding, that I may learn Your commandments.

 10:9  Remember, I beseech You, that You hast made me as the clay; and wilt You bring me into dust again?

 10:10  Hast You not poured me out as milk, and curdled me like cheese?

Wisdom 7:1  I myself also am a mortal man, like to all, and the offspring of him that was first made of the earth,

7:2  And in my mother's womb was fashioned to be flesh in the time of ten months, being compacted in blood, of the seed of man, and the pleasure that came with sleep.

 10:11  You hast clothed me with skin and flesh, and hast fenced (woven) me with bones and sinews (tendons).

 10:12  You hast granted me life and favour, and Your visitation hath preserved my spirit.

 10:13  And these things hast You hid in Your heart: I know that this is with You.

 10:14  If I sin (miss the mark of duty), then You markest me, and You wilt not acquit me from mine iniquity.

 10:15  If I be wicked, woe unto me; and if I be righteous, yet will I not lift up my head. I am full of confusion; therefore see You mine affliction;

 10:16  For it increaseth. You huntest me as a fierce lion: and again You shewest Yourself marvellous upon me.

 10:17  You renewest Your witnesses against me, and increasest Your indignation upon me; changes and war are against me.

 10:18  Wherefore then hast You brought me forth out of the womb? Oh that I had given up the ghost (expired), and no eye had seen me!

 10:19  I should have been as though I had not been; I should have been carried from the womb to the grave.

 10:20  Are not my days few? cease then, and let me alone, that I may take comfort a little,

Psalm 39:5  Behold, You hast made my days as an handbreadth; and mine age is as nothing before You: verily every man at his best state is altogether vanity. Selah.

 10:21  Before I go whence I shall not return, even to the land of darkness and the shadow of death;

Psalm 88:12  Shall Your wonders be known in the dark? and Your righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?

 10:22  A land of darkness, as darkness itself; and of the shadow of death, without any order, and where the light is as darkness.



Zophar means 'chatterer, or rough'.

The land of Naamah. May have been located in northern Arabia. Children of the east. 1Ki 4:30.

The speech of Zophar

Zophar also thinks Job must have sinned.

Zophar mocks Job

Job 11:1  Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said,

 11:2  Should not the multitude of words (Job's preceding speech crying out to Yahweh) be answered? and should a man full of talk be justified?

 11:3  Should your lies make men hold their peace? and when you mockest, shall no man make you ashamed?

 11:4  For you hast said, My doctrine is pure, and I am clean in your eyes.

 11:5  But oh that God would speak, and open His lips against you;

 11:6  And that He would shew you the secrets of wisdom, that they are double to that which is (a duplicate of insight)! Know therefore that God exacteth of you less than your iniquity deserveth.

 11:7  Canst you by searching find out God? canst you find out the Almighty unto perfection?

Ecclesiastes 3:11  He hath made every thing beautiful in His time: also He hath set the world in their heart, so that no man can find out the work that God maketh from the beginning to the end.

 11:8  It is as high as heaven (the sky); what canst you do? deeper than hell (land of the dead); what canst you know?

 11:9  The measure thereof is longer than the earth (land), and broader than the sea.

 11:10  If He cut off, and shut up, or gather together, then who can hinder Him?

 11:11  For He knoweth vain men: He seeth wickedness also; will He not then consider it?

Psalm 10:14  You hast seen it; for You beholdest mischief and spite, to requite it with Your hand: the poor committeth himself unto You; You art the helper of the fatherless.

 11:12  For vain (hollow minded) man would be wise, though man be born like a wild ass's colt.

Romans 1:22  Professing themselves to be wise, they became fools,

 11:13  If you prepare your heart, and stretch out your hands toward Him;

 11:14  If iniquity be in your hand, put it far away, and let not wickedness dwell in your tabernacles.

Psalm 101:3  I will set no wicked thing before Mine eyes: I hate the work of them that turn aside; it shall not cleave to Me.

 11:15  For then shalt you lift up your face without spot; yea, you shalt be stedfast, and shalt not fear:

Psalm 119:6  Then shall I not be ashamed, when I have respect unto all Your commandments.

 11:16  Because you shalt forget your misery, and remember it as waters that pass away:

 11:17  And your age shall be clearer than the noonday; you shalt shine forth, you shalt be as the morning.

 11:18  And you shalt be secure, because there is hope; yea, you shalt dig about you, and you shalt take your rest in safety.

Psalm 3:5  I laid me down and slept; I awaked; for Yahweh sustained me.

Proverbs 3:24  When you liest down, you shalt not be afraid: yea, you shalt lie down, and your sleep shall be sweet.

Leviticus 26:5-6

5  And your threshing shall reach unto the vintage, and the vintage shall reach unto the sowing time: and you shall eat your bread to the full, and dwell in your land safely.

6  And I will give peace in the land, and you shall lie down, and none shall make you afraid: and I will rid evil beasts out of the land, neither shall the sword go through your land.

 11:19  Also you shalt lie down, and none shall make you afraid; yea, many shall make suit unto you.

 11:20  But the eyes of the wicked shall fail (be consumed), and they shall not escape, and their hope shall be as the giving up of the ghost (breathing out of life).



Job's reply

Job 12:1  And Job answered and said,

 12:2  No doubt but you are the people (men), and wisdom shall die with you.

 12:3  But I have understanding as well as you (his friends); I am not inferior to you: yea, who knoweth not such things as these?

 12:4  I am as one mocked of his neighbour, who calleth upon God, and He answereth him: the just upright man is laughed to scorn.

 12:5  He that is ready to slip with his feet is as a lamp despised in the thought of him that is at ease.

Proverbs 14:2  He that walketh in his uprightness feareth Yahweh: but he that is perverse in his ways despiseth Him.

 12:6  The tabernacles of robbers (oppressors) prosper, and they that provoke God are secure; into whose hand God bringeth abundantly.

Jeremiah 12:1  Righteous art You, O Yahweh, when I plead with You: yet let me talk with You of Your judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? wherefore are all they happy that deal very treacherously?

Malachi 3:15  And now we call the proud happy; yea, they that work wickedness are set up; yea, they that tempt God are even delivered.

 12:7  But ask now the beasts, and they shall teach you; and the fowls of the air, and they shall tell you:

 12:8  Or speak to the earth (ground), and it shall teach you: and the fishes of the sea shall declare unto you.

 12:9  Who knoweth not in all these that the hand of Yahweh hath wrought this?

Yahweh's handiwork.

 12:10  In whose hand is the soul of every living thing, and the breath of all mankind.

 12:11  Doth not the ear try words? and the mouth taste His meat (food)?

 12:12  With the ancient is wisdom; and in length of days understanding.

 12:13  With Him is wisdom and strength, He hath counsel and understanding.

 12:14  Behold, He breaketh down, and it cannot be built again: He shutteth up (closes in upon) a man, and there can be no opening (letting loose).

Closes in upon is a figurative of imprisonment. Letting loose is a figurative of release from imprisonment.

Understanding and wisdom have their limits.

 12:15  Behold, He withholdeth the waters, and they dry up: also He sendeth them out, and they overturn (flood) the earth (land).

 12:16  With Him is strength and wisdom: the deceived and the deceiver are His.

 12:17  He leadeth counsellors away spoiled (naked- a sign of madness), and maketh the judges fools.

 12:18  He looseth the bond of kings, and girdeth their loins with a girdle.

 12:19  He leadeth princes away spoiled (naked, destitute), and overthroweth the mighty.

 12:20  He removeth away the speech of the trusty, and taketh away the understanding of the aged.

 12:21  He poureth contempt upon princes (nobles), and weakeneth the strength of the mighty.

 12:22  He discovereth deep things out of darkness, and bringeth out to light the shadow of death.

 12:23  He increaseth the nations, and destroyeth them: He enlargeth the nations, and straiteneth them again.

 12:24  He taketh away the heart of the chief of the people of the earth (land), and causeth them to wander in a wilderness where there is no way.

 12:25  They grope in the dark without light, and He maketh them to stagger like a drunken man.

Psalm 107:27  They reel to and fro, and stagger like a drunken man, and are at their wits' end.

Even though Job was still complaining of all the calamity he was experiencing he was also still extolling Yahweh.



Job's reply continues

Job 13:1  Lo, mine eye hath seen all this, mine ear hath heard and understood it.

 13:2  What you (his friends) know, the same do I know also: I am not inferior unto you.

 13:3  Surely I would speak to the Almighty, and I desire to reason with God.

 13:4  But you (his friends) are forgers of lies (plasterers of falsehood), you are all physicians of no value.

Job has still not realized that he had dross.

Job's friends were telling him he must have sinned. Neither of them knew that Job's test was because of Satan's challenge to Yahweh of Job's righteousness.

 13:5  O that you would altogether hold your peace! and it should be your wisdom.

Proverbs 17:28  Even a fool, when he holdeth his peace, is counted wise: and he that shutteth his lips is esteemed a man of understanding.

 13:6  Hear now my reasoning, and hearken to the pleadings of my lips.

Now Job rebukes his friends.

 13:7  Will you speak wickedly for God? and talk deceitfully for Him?

 13:8  Will you accept (be partial) His person? will you contend (plead) for God?

 13:9  Is it good that He should search you out? or as one man mocketh another, do you so mock Him?

You are accusing me of sin, are you acting as judge instead of Him?!

 13:10  He will surely reprove you, if you do secretly accept persons.

Showing favor of the rich over the poor, the elevated over the humble, the status of a person.

 13:11  Shall not His excellency make you afraid? and His dread fall upon you?

 13:12  Your remembrances are like unto ashes, your bodies to bodies of clay.

Hebrew: 12  Your remembrances are parables of ashes, your breastworks of clay are your breastworks.

 13:13  Hold your peace, let me alone, that I may speak, and let come on me what will.

 13:14  Wherefore do I take my flesh in my teeth, and put my life in mine hand?

 13:15  Though He slay me, yet will I trust (hope) in Him: but I will maintain (correct) mine own ways before Him.

Septuagint: 15  Though the Mighty One should lay hand upon me, forasmuch as He has begun, verily I will speak, and plead before Him.

Proverbs 14:32  The wicked is driven away in his wickedness: but the righteous hath hope in his death.

 13:16  He also shall be my salvation: for an hypocrite shall not come before Him.

 13:17  Hear diligently my speech, and my declaration with your (Job's friend's) ears.

 13:18  Behold now, I have ordered my cause (case, legal case); I know that I shall be justified.

 13:19  Who is he that will plead (strive) with me? for now (then), if I hold my tongue, I shall give up the ghost (expire, breathe out my last breath).

 13:20  (Speaking to Yahweh) Only do not two things unto me: then will I not hide myself from You.

 13:21  Withdraw Your hand far from me: and let not Your dread (terror) make me afraid.

 13:22  Then call You, and I will answer: or let me speak, and answer You me.

 13:23  How many are mine iniquities and sins? make me to know my transgression and my sin.

 13:24  Wherefore hidest You Your face, and holdest me for Your (hated) enemy?

 13:25  Wilt You break (frighten) a leaf driven to and fro? and wilt You pursue the dry stubble?

 13:26  For You writest (recorded) bitter things against me, and makest me to possess the iniquities of my youth.

Psalm 25:7  Remember not the sins of my youth, nor my transgressions: according to Your mercy remember You me for Your goodness' sake, O Yahweh.

 13:27  You puttest my feet also in the stocks, and lookest narrowly unto all my paths; You settest a print (engrave) upon the heels of my feet.

Last part in Hebrew reads: “...You engrave upon the roots (soles) of my feet.”

 13:28  And he, as a rotten thing, consumeth, as a garment that is moth eaten.



Job's reply continues

Job 14:1  Man (Adam) that is born of a woman is of few days, and full of trouble.

Ecclesiastes 2:23  For all his days are sorrows, and his travail grief; yea, his heart taketh not rest in the night. This is also vanity.

Wisdom of Solomon 2:1  For the ungodly said, reasoning with themselves, but not aright, Our life is short and tedious, and in the death of a man there is no remedy: neither was there any man known to have returned from the grave.   (and Sirach 40:1-11, 41:1-4)

 14:2  He cometh forth like a flower, and is cut down: he fleeth also as a shadow, and continueth not.

 14:3  And dost You open Your eyes upon such an one, and bringest me into judgment with You?

Psalm 144:3  Yahweh, what is man, that You takest knowledge of him! or the son of man, that You makest account of him!

Psalm 143:2  And enter not into judgment with Your servant: for in Your sight shall no man living be justified.

 14:4  Who can bring a clean thing out of an unclean? not one.

Septuagint: 4  For who shall be pure from uncleanness? not even one;

Psalm 51:2,5,10

2  Wash me throughly from mine iniquity, and cleanse me from my sin.

5  Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me.

10  Create in me a clean heart, O God; and renew a right spirit within me.

John 3:6  That which is born of the flesh is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.

Romans 5:12  Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned:

 14:5  Seeing his days are determined, the number of his months are with You, You hast appointed his bounds that he cannot pass;

 14:6  Turn from him, that he may rest, till he shall accomplish, as an hireling, his day.

 14:7  For there is hope of a tree, if it be cut down, that it will sprout again, and that the tender branch thereof will not cease.

 14:8  Though the root thereof wax old in the earth (ground), and the stock thereof die in the ground (dust);

 14:9  Yet through the scent of water it will bud, and bring forth boughs like a plant.

 14:10  But man (a strong man) dieth, and wasteth away: yea, man (Adam) giveth up the ghost (expires), and where is he?

 14:11  As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood (river) decayeth and drieth up:

 14:12  So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens (skies) be no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep (of death).

Isaiah 51:6  Lift up your eyes to the skies, and look upon the land beneath: for the skies shall vanish away like smoke, and the land shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but My salvation shall be for ever, and My righteousness shall not be abolished.

Acts 3:21  Whom the sky must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken by the mouth of all His holy prophets since the world began.

 14:13  O that You wouldest hide me in the grave, that You wouldest keep me secret, until Your wrath be past, that You wouldest appoint me a set time, and remember me!

 14:14  If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come.

 14:15  You shalt call, and I will answer You: You wilt have a desire to the work of Your hands.

 14:16  For now You numberest my steps: dost You not watch over my sin?

Proverbs 5:21  For the ways of man are before the eyes of Yahweh, and He pondereth all his goings.

 14:17  My transgression is sealed up in a bag, and You sewest up mine iniquity.

 14:18  And surely the mountain falling cometh to nought, and the rock is removed out of his place.

 14:19  The waters wear the stones: You washest away the things which grow out of the dust of the earth (ground); and you destroyest the hope of man (mortals).

 14:20  You prevailest for ever against him, and he passeth: You changest his countenance, and sendest him away.

 14:21  His sons come to honour, and he knoweth it not; and they are brought low, but he perceiveth it not of them.

 14:22  But his flesh upon him shall have pain, and his soul within him shall mourn.



Eliphaz responds

He talks about the wicked man

Job 15:1  Then answered Eliphaz the Temanite, and said,

 15:2  Should a wise man utter vain knowledge, and fill his belly with the east wind?

A man full of hot air.

 15:3  Should he reason with unprofitable talk? or with speeches wherewith he can do no good?

 15:4  Yea, you castest off fear (reverence), and restrainest prayer before God.

Septuagint: 4  Hast not you moreover cast off fear, and accomplished such words before Yahweh?

 15:5  For your mouth uttereth your iniquity, and you choosest the tongue of the crafty.

 15:6  Your own mouth condemneth you, and not I: yea, your own lips testify against you.

 15:7  Art you the first man (Adam) that was born? or wast you made before the hills?

Septuagint Psalm 90:2  Before the mountains existed, and before the earth and the world were formed, even from age to age, Thou art.

 15:8  Hast you heard the secret of God? and dost you restrain wisdom to yourself?

Romans 11:34  For who hath known the mind of Yahweh? or who hath been His counsellor?

 15:9  What knowest you, that we know not? what understandest you, which is not in us?

 15:10  With us are both the grayheaded and very aged men, much elder than your father.

 15:11  Are the consolations of God small with you? is there any secret thing with you?

Septuagint: 11  Thou hast been scourged for but few of your sins: you hast spoken haughtily and extravagantly.  

 15:12  Why doth your heart carry you away? and what do your eyes wink at,

 15:13  That you turnest your spirit against God, and lettest such words go out of your mouth?

 15:14  What is man, that he should be clean (blameless)? and he which is born of a woman, that he should be righteous?

 15:15  Behold, He putteth no trust in His saints; yea, the heavens (skies) are not clean in His sight.

 15:16  How much more abominable and filthy is man, which drinketh iniquity like water?

 15:17  I will shew you, hear me; and that which I have seen I will declare;

 15:18  Which wise men have told from their fathers, and have not hid it:

 15:19  Unto whom alone the earth (land) was given, and no stranger (foreigner, racial alien) passed among them.

 15:20  The wicked man travaileth with pain all his days, and the number of years is hidden to the oppressor.

Septuagint: 20  All the life of the ungodly is spent in care, and the years granted to the oppressor are numbered.  

 15:21  A dreadful sound is in his ears: in prosperity the destroyer shall come upon him.

Septuagint: 21  And his terror is in his ears: just when he seems to be at peace, his overthrow will come.

 15:22  He believeth not that he shall return out of darkness, and he is waited for of the sword.

 15:23  He wandereth abroad for bread, saying, Where is it? he knoweth that the day of darkness is ready at his hand.

 15:24  Trouble and anguish shall make him afraid; they shall prevail against him, as a king ready to the battle.

 15:25  For he stretcheth out his hand against God, and strengtheneth himself against the Almighty.

 15:26  He runneth upon him, even on his neck, upon the thick bosses of his bucklers:

Septuagint: 26  And he has run against Him with insolence, on the thickness of the back of His shield.  

 15:27  Because he covereth his face with his fatness, and maketh collops of fat on his flanks.

Psalm 17:10  They are inclosed in their own fat: with their mouth they speak proudly.

 15:28  And he dwelleth in desolate cities, and in houses which no man inhabiteth, which are ready to become heaps.

 15:29  He shall not be rich, neither shall his substance continue, neither shall he prolong the perfection (minleh- unknown meaning) thereof upon the earth (land).

The TS2009 has: “...and his possessions shall not overspread the earth.”

Septuagint: “...he shall not cast a shadow upon the earth.”

 15:30  He shall not depart out of darkness; the flame shall dry up his branches, and by the breath of His mouth shall he go away.

 15:31  Let not him that is deceived trust in vanity: for vanity shall be his recompence.

Isaiah 59:4  None calleth for justice, nor any pleadeth for truth: they trust in vanity, and speak lies; they conceive mischief, and bring forth iniquity.

 15:32  It shall be accomplished before his time, and his branch shall not be green (no kids).

 15:33  He shall shake off his unripe grape as the vine, and shall cast off his flower as the olive.

 15:34  For the congregation of hypocrites shall be desolate, and fire shall consume the tabernacles of bribery.

Septuagint: 34  For death is the witness of an ungodly man, and fire shall burn the houses of them that receive gifts.

 15:35  They conceive mischief, and bring forth vanity, and their belly prepareth deceit.



Job's reply

Job 16:1  Then Job answered and said,

 16:2  I have heard many such things: miserable (mischievous) comforters are you all.

 16:3  Shall vain words have an end? or what emboldeneth (sickens) you that you answerest?

 16:4  I also could speak as you do: if your soul were in my soul's stead, I could heap up words against you, and shake mine head at you.

Psalm 22:7  All they that see me laugh me to scorn: they shoot out the lip, they shake the head, saying,

 16:5  But I would strengthen you with my mouth, and the moving of my lips should asswage (ease) your grief.

 16:6  Though I speak, my grief is not asswaged (eased): and though I forbear, what am I eased?

Now that his friends have done this, Job is back to putting it on Yahweh.

 16:7  But now He (Yahweh) hath made me weary: You hast made desolate (stunned) all my company.

Septuagint: (7) 8  But now He has made me weary, and a worn-out fool; and You hast laid hold of me.

 16:8  And You hast filled me with wrinkles, which is a witness against me: and my leanness rising up in me beareth witness to my face.

 16:9  He teareth me in His wrath, who hateth me: He gnasheth upon me with His teeth; mine enemy sharpeneth His eyes upon me.

Septuagint: 9  My falsehood has become a testimony, and has risen up against me: it has confronted me to my face.  

Job may be implying that Yahweh is his enemy. This is where you get in trouble with your lips.

The next verse is Job speaking to his friends.

 16:10  They have gaped (opened wide) upon me with their mouth; they have smitten me upon the cheek reproachfully; they have gathered themselves together against me.

Psalm 22:13  They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravening and a roaring lion.

Now back to Yahweh.

 16:11  God hath delivered me to the ungodly, and turned me over into the hands of the wicked.

 16:12  I was at ease, but He hath broken me asunder: He hath also taken me by my neck, and shaken me to pieces, and set me up for His mark.

 16:13  His archers compass me round about, He cleaveth (pierces) my reins (affections, passions) asunder, and doth not spare; He poureth out my gall upon the ground.

 16:14  He breaketh me with breach upon breach, He runneth upon me like a giant (mighty man).

 16:15  I have sewed sackcloth upon my skin, and defiled my horn (power) in the dust.

Psalm 7:5  Let the enemy persecute my soul, and take it; yea, let him tread down my life upon the ground, and lay mine honour in the dust. Selah.

 16:16  My face is foul (reddened) with weeping, and on my eyelids is the shadow of death;

 16:17  Not for any injustice in mine hands: also my prayer is pure.

 16:18  O earth (land), cover not you my blood, and let my cry have no place.

Psalm 66:18  If I regard iniquity in my heart, Yahweh will not hear me:

 16:19  Also now, behold, my witness is in heaven (the sky), and my record is on high.

Romans 1:9  For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of His Son, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;

 16:20  My friends scorn me: but mine eye poureth out tears unto God.

 16:21  O that one might plead for a (mighty) man with God, as a man (son of Adam) pleadeth for his neighbour!

 16:22  When a few years are come, then I shall go the way whence I shall not return.



Job continues

Job 17:1  My breath is corrupt, my days are extinct (extinguished), the graves are ready for me.

 17:2  Are there not mockers with me? and doth not mine eye continue in their provocation?

 17:3  Lay down (Give a pledge) now, put me in a surety with you; who is he that will strike hands with me?

Proverbs 17:18  A man void of understanding striketh hands, and becometh surety in the presence of his friend.

 17:4  For you hast hid their heart from understanding: therefore shalt you not exalt them.

 17:5  He that speaketh flattery to his friends, even the eyes of his children shall fail.

 17:6  He hath made me also a byword of the people; and aforetime I was as a tabret (a spitting in the face).

 17:7  Mine eye also is dim by reason of sorrow, and all my members are as a shadow.

 17:8  Upright men shall be astonied at this, and the innocent shall stir up himself against the hypocrite.

 17:9  The righteous also shall hold on his way, and he that hath clean hands shall be stronger and stronger.

Psalm 24:4  He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.

 17:10  But as for you all, do you return, and come now: for I cannot find one wise man among you.

 17:11  My days are past, my purposes are broken off, even the thoughts of my heart.

 17:12  They change the night into day: the light is short because of darkness.

 17:13  If I wait, the grave is mine house: I have made my bed in the darkness.

 17:14  I have said to corruption, You art my father: to the worm, You art my mother, and my sister.

 17:15  And where is now my hope? as for my hope, who shall see it?

 17:16  They shall go down to the bars of the pit, when our rest together is in the dust.



Bildad reproves Job

Talking about the wicked

Job 18:1  Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said,

 18:2  How long will it be ere you make an end of words? Mark (Consider), and afterwards we will speak.

 18:3  Wherefore are we counted as beasts, and reputed vile in your sight?

Psalm 73:22  So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a beast before You.

 18:4  He teareth himself in his anger: shall the earth (land) be forsaken for you? and shall the rock be removed out of his place?

Septuagint: 4  Anger has possessed you: for what if you shouldest die; would the land under the sky be desolate? or shall the mountains be overthrown from their foundations?

 18:5  Yea, the light of the wicked shall be put out, and the spark of his fire shall not shine.

Proverbs 13:9  The light of the righteous rejoiceth: but the lamp of the wicked shall be put out.

 18:6  The light shall be dark in his tabernacle, and his candle shall be put out with him.

 18:7  The steps of his strength shall be straitened, and his own counsel shall cast him down.

 18:8  For he is cast into a net by his own feet, and he walketh upon a snare.

Psalm 9:15  The heathen are sunk down in the pit that they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken.

 18:9  The gin shall take him by the heel, and the robber (snare) shall prevail against him.

 18:10  The snare is laid for him in the ground, and a trap for him in the way.

 18:11  Terrors shall make him afraid on every side, and shall drive him to his feet.

 18:12  His strength shall be hungerbitten, and destruction shall be ready at his side.

 18:13  It shall devour the strength of his skin: even the firstborn of death shall devour his strength.

Septuagint: 13  Let the soles of his feet be devoured: and death shall consume his beauty.

 18:14  His confidence shall be rooted out of his tabernacle, and it shall bring him to the king of terrors.

 18:15  It shall dwell in his tabernacle, because it is none of his: brimstone (burning sulfur) shall be scattered upon his habitation.

Septuagint has: “And let health be utterly banished from his tabernacle, ...”

 18:16  His roots shall be dried up beneath, and above shall his branch be cut off.

 18:17  His remembrance shall perish from the earth (land), and he shall have no name in the street.

Psalm 34:16  The face of Yahweh is against them that do evil, to cut off the remembrance of them from the land.

Psalm 109:13  Let his posterity be cut off; and in the generation following let their name be blotted out.

Proverbs 2:22  But the wicked shall be cut off from the land, and the transgressors shall be rooted out of it.

Proverbs 10:7  The memory of the just is blessed: but the name of the wicked shall rot.

 18:18  He shall be driven from light into darkness, and chased out of the world.

 18:19  He shall neither have son nor nephew among his people, nor any remaining in his dwellings.

Isaiah 14:22  For I will rise up against them, saith Yahweh of hosts, and cut off from Babylon the name, and remnant, and son, and nephew, saith Yahweh.

Jeremiah 22:30  Thus saith Yahweh, Write you this man (Jehoiachin) childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.

 18:20  They that come after him shall be astonied at his day, as they that went before were affrighted.

 18:21  Surely such are the dwellings of the wicked, and this is the place of him that knoweth not God.

Job and his friends still do not know that this is a conflict between Yahweh and Satan. His friends keep implying that Job has done something wicked.



Job's response

Job 19:1  Then Job answered and said,

 19:2  How long will you vex my soul, and break me in pieces with words?

 19:3  These ten times have you reproached me: you are not ashamed that you make yourselves strange to me.

Septuagint: 3  Ye speak against me; you do not feel for me, but bear hard upon me.

 19:4  And be it indeed that I have erred, mine error remaineth with myself.

 19:5  If indeed you will magnify yourselves against me, and plead against me my reproach:

Psalm 38:16  For I said, Hear me, lest otherwise they should rejoice over me: when my foot slippeth, they magnify themselves against me.

 19:6  Know now that God hath overthrown me, and hath compassed me with His net.

More accusations by Job.

 19:7  Behold, I cry out of wrong (harm), but I am not heard: I cry aloud, but there is no judgment.

Job is telling Yahweh to judge him, is Job too righteous for Yahweh to judge him? Job's dross rises.

 19:8  He hath fenced up my way that I cannot pass, and He hath set darkness in my paths.

 19:9  He hath stripped me of my glory, and taken the crown from my head.

More dross by Job. Yahweh didn't do this, Satan did.

 19:10  He hath destroyed me on every side, and I am gone: and mine hope hath He removed like a tree.

 19:11  He hath also kindled His wrath against me, and He counteth me unto Him as one of His enemies.

 19:12  His troops come together, and raise up their way against me, and encamp round about my tabernacle.

 19:13  He hath put my brethren far from me, and mine acquaintance are verily estranged from me.

 19:14  My kinsfolk have failed, and my familiar friends have forgotten me.

 19:15  They that dwell in mine house, and my maids, count me for a stranger: I am an alien in their sight.

 19:16  I called my servant, and he gave me no answer; I intreated him with my mouth.

 19:17  My breath (or spirit) is strange to my wife, though I intreated for the children's sake of mine own body.

 19:18  Yea, young children despised me; I arose, and they spake against me.

 19:19  All my inward friends abhorred me: and they whom I loved are turned against me.

Sirach 6:9  And there is a friend, who being turned to enmity, and strife will discover thy reproach.

 19:20  My bone cleaveth to my skin and to my flesh, and I am escaped with the skin of my teeth.

Psalm 102:5  By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skin.

 19:21  Have pity upon me, have pity upon me, O you my friends; for the hand of God hath touched me.

Not the hand of Yahweh, but the hand of Satan.

 19:22  Why do you persecute me as God, and are not satisfied with my flesh?

Psalm 69:26  For they persecute him whom You hast smitten; and they talk to the grief of those whom You hast wounded.

 19:23  Oh that my words were now written! oh that they were printed in a book!

 19:24  That they were graven with an iron pen and lead in the rock for ever!

 19:25  For I know that my (Kinsman) Redeemer liveth, and that He shall stand at the latter day upon the earth:

 19:26  And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God:

 19:27  Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins (heart) be consumed within me.

 19:28  But you should say, Why persecute we him, seeing the root of the matter is found in me?

 19:29  Be you afraid of the sword: for wrath bringeth the punishments of the sword (punishment for iniquities), that you may know there is a judgment.

The Qumran reads: “ ..the wrath of Shadday, that you may know The Almighty.”



Zophar's speech

Talking about the wicked

Job 20:1  Then answered Zophar the Naamathite, and said,

 20:2  Therefore do my thoughts cause me to answer (answer Job), and for this I make haste.

 20:3  I have heard the check of my reproach, and the spirit of my understanding causeth me to answer.

 20:4  Knowest you not this of old, since man (Adam) was placed upon earth (land),

 20:5  That the triumphing of the wicked is short, and the joy of the hypocrite but for a moment?

Psalm 37:35  I have seen the wicked in great power, and spreading himself like a green bay tree.

 20:6  Though his excellency mount up to the heavens (skies), and his head reach unto the clouds;

Isaiah 14:13-14

13  For you hast said in your heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:

14  I will ascend above the heights of the clouds; I will be like the most High.

Obadiah 1:3-4

3  The pride of your heart hath deceived you, you that dwellest in the clefts of the rock, whose habitation is high; that saith in his heart, Who shall bring me down to the ground?

4  Though you exalt thyself as the eagle, and though you set your nest among the stars, thence will I bring you down, saith Yahweh.

 20:7  Yet he (the wicked) shall perish for ever like his own dung: they which have seen him shall say, Where is he?

 20:8  He shall fly away as a dream, and shall not be found: yea, he shall be chased away as a vision of the night.

Wisdom of Solomon 5:14  For the hope of the ungodly is like dust that is blown away with the wind; like a thin froth that is driven away with the storm; like as the smoke which is dispersed here and there with a tempest, and passeth away as the remembrance of a guest that tarrieth but a day.

 20:9  The eye also which saw him shall see him no more; neither shall his place any more behold him.

 20:10  His children shall seek to please the poor, and his hands shall restore their goods.

 20:11  His bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.

 20:12  Though wickedness be sweet in his mouth, though he hide it under his tongue;

 20:13  Though he spare it, and forsake it not; but keep it still within his mouth:

 20:14  Yet his meat in his bowels is turned, it is the gall of asps within him.

 20:15  He hath swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit them up again: God shall cast them out of his belly.

Septuagint: 15  His wealth unjustly collected shall be vomited up; a messenger of wrath shall drag him out of his house.

 20:16  He shall suck the poison of asps: the viper's tongue shall slay him.

 20:17  He shall not see the rivers, the floods, the brooks of honey and butter.

 20:18  That which he laboured for shall he restore, and shall not swallow it down: according to his substance shall the restitution be, and he shall not rejoice therein.

Septuagint: 18  He has laboured unprofitably and in vain, for wealth of which he shall not taste: it is as a lean thing, unfit for food, which he cannot swallow.

 20:19  Because he hath oppressed and hath forsaken the poor; because he hath violently taken away an house which he builded not;

 20:20  Surely he shall not feel quietness in his belly, he shall not save of that which he desired.

Ecclesiastes 5:13  There is a sore evil which I have seen under the sun, namely, riches kept for the owners thereof to their hurt.

 20:21  There shall none of his meat be left; therefore shall no man look for his goods.

 20:22  In the fulness of his sufficiency he shall be in straits: every hand of the wicked shall come upon him.

 20:23  When he is about to fill his belly, God shall cast the fury of His wrath upon him, and shall rain it upon him while he is eating.

 20:24  He shall flee from the iron weapon, and the bow of steel (bronze) shall strike him through.  (Wis 5:17-23)

 20:25  It is drawn, and cometh out of the body; yea, the glittering sword cometh out of his gall: terrors are upon him.

 20:26  All darkness shall be hid in his secret places: a fire not blown shall consume him; it shall go ill with him that is left in his tabernacle.

Septuagint: 26  And let all darkness wait for him: a fire that burns not out shall consume him; and let a stranger plague his house.

Psalm 21:9  You shalt make them as a fiery oven in the time of Your anger: Yahweh shall swallow them up in His wrath, and the fire shall devour them.

 20:27  The heaven (sky) shall reveal his iniquity; and the earth (land) shall rise up against him.

 20:28  The increase of his house shall depart, and his goods shall flow away in the day of His wrath.

 20:29  This is the portion of a wicked man (Adam) from God, and the heritage appointed unto him by God.

Job's friends still think he must have done something wrong because of his calamities. The mindset back then was that calamity and unrighteousness were related. Today, we do not examine ourselves as unrighteous when we have calamity, but we should.



Job's reply

Talking about the wicked

Job 21:1  But Job answered and said,

 21:2  Hear diligently my speech, and let this be your consolations.

 21:3  Suffer me that I may speak; and after that I have spoken, mock on.

 21:4  As for me, is my complaint to man (Adam)? and if it were so, why should not my spirit be troubled?

 21:5  Mark me, and be astonished, and lay your hand upon your mouth.

 21:6  Even when I remember I am afraid, and trembling taketh hold on my flesh.

 21:7  Wherefore do the wicked live, become old, yea, are mighty in power?

 21:8  Their seed is established in their sight with them, and their offspring before their eyes.

 21:9  Their houses are safe from fear, neither is the rod of God upon them.

Psalm 73:5  They are not in trouble as other men; neither are they plagued like other men.

 21:10  Their bull gendereth, and faileth not; their cow calveth, and casteth not her calf (miscarry).

 21:11  They send forth their (the wicked's) little ones like a flock, and their children dance.

 21:12  They take the timbrel and harp, and rejoice at the sound of the organ (flute).

 21:13  They spend their days in wealth, and in a moment go down to the grave.

 21:14  Therefore they say unto God, Depart from us; for we desire not the knowledge of Your ways.

 21:15  What is the Almighty, that we should serve Him? and what profit should we have, if we pray unto Him?

 21:16  Lo, their good is not in their hand: the counsel of the wicked is far from me.

Psalm 1:1  Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor standeth in the way of sinners, nor sitteth in the seat of the scornful.

 21:17  How oft is the candle of the wicked put out! and how oft cometh their destruction upon them! God distributeth sorrows in His anger.

Luke 12:46  The lord of that servant will come in a day when he looketh not for him, and at an hour when he is not aware, and will cut him in sunder, and will appoint him his portion with the unbelievers.

 21:18  They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carrieth away.

 21:19  God layeth up his iniquity for his children: He rewardeth him, and he shall know it.

Septuagint: 19  Let his substance fail to supply his children: God shall recompense him, and he shall know it.  

 21:20  His eyes shall see his destruction, and he shall drink of the wrath of the Almighty.

Job is saying Yahweh chastises His own children and allows the wicked to live in peace and wealth and die quickly without any suffering. This is because Yahweh wants His children pure, and tried by fire, to remove the dross.

 21:21  For what pleasure hath he in his house after him, when the number of his months is cut off in the midst?

 21:22  Shall any teach God knowledge? seeing He judgeth those that are high (exalted).

Septuagint: 22  Is it not Yahweh who teaches understanding and knowledge? and does not He judge murders?  

Isaiah 40:13  Who hath directed the Spirit of Yahweh, or being His counsellor hath taught Him?

 21:23  One dieth in his full strength, being wholly at ease and quiet.

 21:24  His breasts (pails) are full of milk, and his bones are moistened with marrow.

 21:25  And another dieth in the bitterness of his soul, and never eateth with pleasure.

 21:26  They shall lie down alike in the dust, and the worms shall cover them.

Ecclesiastes 9:2  All things come alike to all: there is one event to the righteous, and to the wicked; to the good and to the clean, and to the unclean; to him that sacrificeth, and to him that sacrificeth not: as is the good, so is the sinner; and he that sweareth, as he that feareth an oath.

 21:27  Behold, I know your thoughts, and the devices which you wrongfully imagine against me.

 21:28  For you say, Where is the house of the prince (noble one)? and where are the dwelling places of the wicked?

 21:29  Have you not asked them that go by the way? and do you not know their tokens (pledges),

 21:30  That the wicked is reserved to the day of destruction? they shall be brought forth to the day of wrath.

 21:31  Who shall declare his way to his face? and who shall repay him what he hath done?

 21:32  Yet shall he be brought to the grave (burial-site), and shall remain in the tomb.

 21:33  The clods of the valley shall be sweet unto him, and every man (Adam) shall draw after him, as there are innumerable before him.

Hebrews 9:27  And as it is appointed unto men once to die, but after this the judgment:

 21:34  How then comfort you me in vain, seeing in your answers there remaineth falsehood?



Eliphaz answers

Job 22:1  Then Eliphaz the Temanite answered and said,

 22:2  Can a (strong) man be profitable unto God, as he that is wise may be profitable unto himself?

Psalm 16:2  I said to Yahweh, You art my El; for You has no need of my goodness.

 22:3  Is it any pleasure to the Almighty, that you art righteous? or is it gain to Him, that you makest your ways perfect?

 22:4  Will He reprove you for fear of you? will He enter with you into judgment?

 22:5  Is not your wickedness great? and your iniquities infinite?

 22:6  For you hast taken a pledge from your brother for nought, and stripped the naked of their clothing.

Exodus 22:26  If you at all take your neighbour's raiment to pledge, you shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:

 22:7  You hast not given water to the weary to drink, and you hast withholden bread from the hungry.

Deuteronomy 15:7  If there be among you a poor man of one of your brethren within any of your gates in your land which Yahweh your God giveth you, you shalt not harden your heart, nor shut your hand from your poor brother:

 22:8  But as for the mighty man, he had the earth (land); and the honourable man dwelt in it.

 22:9  You hast sent widows away empty, and the arms of the fatherless have been broken.

Job has not done any of this. Eliphaz is incorrect in his accusations.

 22:10  Therefore snares are round about you, and sudden fear troubleth you;

 22:11  Or darkness, that you canst not see; and abundance of waters cover you.

Psalm 69:1-2

1  Save me, O God; for the waters are come in unto my soul.

2  I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow me.

 22:12  Is not God in the height of heaven (the sky)? and behold the height of the stars, how high they are!

 22:13  And you sayest, How doth God know? can He judge through the dark cloud?

 22:14  Thick clouds are a covering to Him, that He seeth not; and He walketh in the circuit (vault) of heaven (the sky).

 22:15  Hast you marked the old way which wicked men have trodden?

 22:16  Which were cut down out of time, whose foundation was overflown with a flood:

 22:17  Which said unto God, Depart from us: and what can the Almighty do for them?

 22:18  Yet He filled their houses with good things: but the counsel of the wicked is far from me.

 22:19  The righteous see it, and are glad: and the innocent laugh them to scorn.

Psalm 58:10  The righteous shall rejoice when he seeth the vengeance: he shall wash his feet in the blood of the wicked.

 22:20  Whereas our substance (adversary) is not cut down, but the remnant of them the fire consumeth.

 22:21  Acquaint now yourself with Him, and be at peace: thereby good shall come unto you.

 22:22  Receive, I pray you, the law from His mouth, and lay up His words in your heart.

 22:23  If you return to the Almighty, you shalt be built up, you shalt put away iniquity far from your tabernacles.

 22:24  Then shalt you lay up gold as dust, and the gold of Ophir as the stones of the brooks.

 22:25  Yea, the Almighty shall be your defence, and you shalt have plenty of silver.

 22:26  For then shalt you have your delight in the Almighty, and shalt lift up your face unto God.

 22:27  You shalt make your prayer unto Him, and He shall hear you, and you shalt pay your vows.

Isaiah 58:9  Then shalt you call, and Yahweh shall answer; you shalt cry, and He shall say, Here I am. If you take away from the midst of you the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking vanity;

 22:28  You shalt also decree a thing, and it shall be established unto you: and the light shall shine upon your ways.

 22:29  When men are cast down, then you shalt say, There is lifting up; and He shall save the humble person.

 22:30  He shall deliver the island of the innocent (the non-innocent): and it is delivered by the pureness of your hands.

Eliphaz is wrong about his accusations against Job. But remember, none of them understand that Job is being tested. But Job is not fully righteous either though. There is some dross.



Job's response

Job understands that this life is a test.

Job 23:1  Then Job answered and said,

 23:2  Even to day is my complaint bitter: my stroke (hand) is heavier than my groaning.

 23:3  Oh that I knew where I might find Him! that I might come even to His seat!

Job is still seeking judgment from Yahweh. Job may be thinking that his righteousness is what is keeping him from being judged.

 23:4  I would order my cause (case) before Him, and fill my mouth with arguments.

 23:5  I would know the words which He would answer me, and understand what He would say unto me.

 23:6  Will He plead against me with His great power? No; but He would put strength in me.

 23:7  There the righteous might dispute with Him; so should I be delivered for ever from my Judge.

 23:8  Behold, I go forward (east), but He is not there; and backward (west), but I cannot perceive Him:

 23:9  On the left hand (north), where He doth work, but I cannot behold Him: He hideth Himself on the right hand (south), that I cannot see Him:

 23:10  But He knoweth the way that I take: when He hath tried me, I shall come forth as gold.

But Job is not realizing his own dross. Job is accusing Yahweh of not judging him because Yahweh knows He cannot win the case, because Job is a little more righteous than he thinks. Hence, the dross.

 23:11  My foot hath held His steps, His way have I kept, and not declined.

Psalm 44:18  Our heart is not turned back, neither have our steps declined from your way;

 23:12  Neither have I gone back from the commandment of His lips; I have esteemed the words of His mouth more than my necessary food.

John 4:32,34

32  But He said unto them, I have meat to eat that you know not of.

34  Jesus saith unto them, My meat is to do the will of Him that sent Me, and to finish His work.

 23:13  But He is in one mind, and who can turn Him? and what His soul desireth, even that He doeth.

Psalm 115:3  But our God is in the skies: He hath done whatsoever He hath pleased.

 23:14  For He performeth the thing that is appointed for me: and many such things are with Him.

1Thessalonians 3:3  That no man should be moved by these afflictions: for yourselves know that we are appointed thereunto.

We will be tried, nobody is escaping in some “rapture”.

 23:15  Therefore am I troubled at His presence: when I consider, I am afraid of Him.

 23:16  For God maketh my heart soft, and the Almighty troubleth me:

Psalm 22:14  I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint: my heart is like wax; it is melted in the midst of my bowels.

 23:17  Because I was not cut off before the darkness, neither hath He covered the darkness from my face.



Job's response continues.

The ungodly and their end.

Job 24:1  Why, seeing times (seasons) are not hidden from the Almighty, do they that know Him not see His days?

Acts 1:7  And He said unto them, It is not for you to know the times or the seasons, which the Father hath put in His own power.

 24:2  Some remove the landmarks; they violently take away flocks, and feed thereof.   (Deut 19:14, 27:17; Prov 22:28, 23:10)

Septuagint: 2  while the ungodly have passed over the bound, carrying off the flock with the shepherd?

 24:3  They drive away the ass of the fatherless, they take the widow's ox for a pledge.

 24:4  They turn the needy out of the way: the poor of the earth (land) hide themselves together.

 24:5  Behold, as wild asses in the desert, go they forth to their work (their own order); rising betimes for a prey: the wilderness yieldeth food for them and for their children.

 24:6  They reap every one his corn (fodder) in the field: and they gather the vintage of the wicked.

Septuagint: 6  They have reaped a field that was not their own before the time: the poor have laboured in the vineyards of the ungodly without pay and without food.

 24:7  They cause the naked to lodge without clothing, that they have no covering in the cold.

Deuteronomy 24:12-13

12  And if the man be poor, you shalt not sleep with his pledge:

13  In any case you shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless you: and it shall be righteousness unto you before Yahweh your God.

 24:8  They are wet with the showers of the mountains, and embrace the rock for want of a shelter.

 24:9  They pluck the fatherless from the breast, and take a pledge of the poor.

 24:10  They cause him to go naked without clothing, and they take away the sheaf from the hungry;   (Deut 24:19)

 24:11  Which  (Who) make oil within their (the wicked's) walls, and tread their winepresses, and suffer thirst.

 24:12  Men groan from out of the city, and the soul of the wounded crieth out: yet God layeth not folly to them.

 24:13  They are of those that rebel against the light; they know not the ways thereof, nor abide in the paths thereof.

Septuagint: 13  Why then has He not visited these? forasmuch as they were upon the land, and took no notice, and they knew not the way of righteousness, neither have they walked in their appointed paths?

 24:14  The murderer rising with the light killeth the poor and needy, and in the night is as a thief.

Septuagint: 14  But having known their works, He delivered them into darkness: and in the night one will be as a thief:

Psalm 10:8  He sitteth in the lurking places of the villages: in the secret places doth he murder the innocent: his eyes are privily set against the poor.

 24:15  The eye also of the adulterer waiteth for the twilight, saying, No eye shall see me: and disguiseth his face.

 24:16  In the dark they dig through houses, which they had marked for (concealed) themselves in the daytime: they know not the light.

John 3:20  For every one that doeth evil hateth the light, neither cometh to the light, lest his deeds should be reproved.

 24:17  For the morning is to them even as the shadow of death: if one know them, they are in the terrors of the shadow of death.

 24:18  He is swift as the waters; their portion is cursed in the earth (land): he beholdeth not the way of the vineyards.

 24:19  Drought and heat consume the snow waters: so doth the grave those which have sinned.

 24:20  The womb shall forget him; the worm shall feed sweetly on him; he shall be no more remembered; and wickedness shall be broken as a tree.

Septuagint: 20  Then is his sin brought to remembrance, and he vanishes like a vapour of dew: but let what he has done be recompensed to him, and let every unrighteous one be crushed like rotten wood.

Proverbs 10:7  The memory of the just is blessed: but the name of the wicked shall rot.

 24:21  He evil entreateth the barren that beareth not: and doeth not good to the widow.

 24:22  He draweth also the mighty with his power: he riseth up, and no man is sure of life.

 24:23  Though it be given him to be in safety, whereon he resteth; yet his eyes are upon their ways.

Psalm 11:4  Yahweh is in His holy temple, Yahweh's throne is in the sky: His eyes behold, His eyelids try, the children of men.

Proverbs 15:3  The eyes of Yahweh are in every place, beholding the evil and the good.

 24:24  They are exalted for a little while, but are gone and brought low; they are taken out of the way as all other (they draw themselves together, rigamortis), and cut off as the tops of the ears of corn (heads of grain).

 24:25  And if it be not so now, who will make me a liar, and make my speech nothing worth?



Bildad's response

Job 25:1  Then answered Bildad the Shuhite, and said,

 25:2  Dominion and fear are with Him (Yahweh), He maketh peace in His high places.

 25:3  Is there any number of His armies? and upon whom doth not His light arise?

James 1:17  Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and cometh down from the Father of lights, with whom is no variableness, neither shadow of turning.

 25:4  How then can man be justified with God? or how can he be clean that is born of a woman?

 25:5  Behold even to the moon, and it shineth not; yea, the stars are not pure in His sight.

 25:6  How much less man, that is a worm? and the son of man, which is a worm?

Man is enosh. Son of man is awdawm (Adam).



All along, Job's friends had answered him and been of zero use to him, they have not answered his questions. As they go back and forth, and as the answers keep coming back to him, they provoked him further to sin with his lips.

Job's final speech

Job 26:1  But Job answered and said,

 26:2  How hast you helped him that is without power? how savest you the arm that hath no strength?

 26:3  How hast you counselled him that hath no wisdom? and how hast you plentifully declared the thing as it is?

 26:4  To whom hast you uttered words? and whose spirit came from you?

“You don't think I know these things?”

 26:5  Dead things are formed from under the waters, and the inhabitants thereof.

Septuagint: 5  Shall giants be born from under the water and the inhabitants thereof?

 26:6  Hell is naked before Him, and destruction (abaddon- abode of the lost or ruined dead) hath no covering.

Psalm 139:8  If I ascend up into the sky, you art there: if I make my bed in hell, behold, you art there.

Hell is not the burning, fiery, evil, tormenting place we have been told.

The word is sheol, and it means the grave. The land of the dead.

Proverbs 15:11  Hell and destruction are before (manifest to) Yahweh: how much more then the hearts of the children of men?

Hebrews 4:13  Neither is there any creation that is not manifest in His sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of Him with whom we have to do.

 26:7  He stretcheth out the north (tsaphon- a divine abode) over the empty place, and hangeth the earth (land) upon nothing.

Isaiah 14:13  For you hast said in your heart, I will ascend into heaven, I will exalt my throne above the stars of God: I will sit also upon the mount of the congregation, in the sides of the north:

Psalm 48:3  God is known in her palaces for a refuge.

 26:8  He bindeth up the waters in His thick clouds; and the cloud is not rent under them.

 26:9  He holdeth back the face of His throne, and spreadeth His cloud upon it.

 26:10  He hath compassed the waters with bounds, until the day and night come to an end.

 26:11  The pillars of heaven (the sky) tremble and are astonished at His reproof.

 26:12  He divideth the sea with His power, and by His understanding He smiteth through the proud (rahab- epithet for Egypt).

Isaiah 51:15  But I am Yahweh your God, that divided the sea, whose waves roared: Yahweh of hosts is His name.

 26:13  By His spirit He hath garnished the heavens (skies); His hand hath formed the crooked serpent.

Septuagint: 13  And the barriers of the sky fear Him, and by a command He has slain the apostate dragon.

Psalm 33:6  By the word of Yahweh were the skies made; and all the host of them by the breath of His mouth.

Isaiah 27:1  In that day Yahweh with His sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and He shall slay the dragon that is in the sea.

 26:14  Lo, these are parts of His ways: but how little a portion is heard of Him? but the thunder of His power who can understand?

The word 'formed' is not from yatsar (H3335). Here in Job 26:13, 'formed' is from chalal (H2490).

A primitive root (compare H2470 to be rubbed or worn; hence (figuratively) to be weak, sick, afflicted; or (causatively) to grieve, make sick; also to stroke (in flattering), entreat: - beseech, (be) diseased, (put to) grief, etc.); properly to bore, that is, (by implication) to wound, to dissolve; figuratively to profane (a person, place or thing), to break (one’s word), to begin (as if by an opening-wedge); denominatively (from H2485 a flute) to play (the flute): - begin (X men began), defile, X break, defile, X eat (as common things), X first, X gather the grape thereof, X take inheritance, pipe, player on instruments, pollute, (cast as) profane (self), prostitute, slay (slain), sorrow, stain, wound.

Crooked is 'bariyach bariach', a fugitive, that is, the serpent (as fleeing), and the constellation by that name: - crooked, noble, piercing.



So far in the parable, Job told his friends- “Have you ever done any of these things that Yahweh has done?”

Job 27:1  Moreover Job continued his parable, and said,

 27:2  As God liveth, who hath taken away my judgment; and the Almighty, who hath vexed my soul;

Job is still saying that God won't judge him. This is dross.

 27:3  All the while my breath is in me, and the spirit of God is in my nostrils;

 27:4  My lips shall not speak wickedness, nor my tongue utter deceit.

 27:5  God forbid that I should justify you: till I die I will not remove mine integrity from me.

 27:6  My righteousness I hold fast, and will not let it go: my heart shall not reproach me so long as I live.  

Job is still declaring that he is righteous and that God won't judge him. Don't forget, Job wrongfully blamed Yahweh for what Satan is doing.

 27:7  Let mine (hated) enemy be as the wicked, and he that riseth up against me as the unrighteous.

 27:8  For what is the hope of the hypocrite, though he hath gained, when God taketh away his soul?

Matthew 16:26  For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul?

 27:9  Will God hear his cry when trouble cometh upon him?

Proverbs 1:28  Then shall they call upon Me, but I will not answer; they shall seek Me early, but they shall not find Me:

Proverbs 28:9  He that turneth away his ear from hearing the law, even his prayer shall be abomination.

Isaiah 1:15  And when you spread forth your hands, I will hide Mine eyes from you: yea, when you make many prayers, I will not hear: your hands are full of blood.

 27:10  Will he delight himself in the Almighty? will he always call upon God?

 27:11  I will teach you by the hand of God: that which is with the Almighty will I not conceal.

 27:12  Behold, all you yourselves have seen it; why then are you thus altogether vain?

 27:13  This is the portion of a wicked man with God, and the heritage of oppressors, which they shall receive of the Almighty.

 27:14  If his (the wicked's) children be multiplied, it is for the sword: and his offspring shall not be satisfied with bread.

Deuteronomy 28:41  You shalt beget sons and daughters, but you shalt not enjoy them; for they shall go into captivity.

 27:15  Those that remain of him shall be buried in death: and his widows shall not weep.

 27:16  Though he heap up silver as the dust, and prepare raiment as the clay;

 27:17  He may prepare it, but the just shall put it on, and the innocent shall divide the silver.

Proverbs 28:8  He that by usury and unjust gain increaseth his substance, he shall gather it for him that will pity the poor.

Ecclesiastes 2:26  For God giveth to a man that is good in His sight wisdom, and knowledge, and joy: but to the sinner He giveth travail, to gather and to heap up, that he may give to him that is good before God. This also is vanity and vexation of spirit.

 27:18  He buildeth his house as a moth, and as a booth that the keeper maketh.

 27:19  The rich man shall lie down, but he shall not be gathered: he openeth his eyes, and he is not.

 27:20  Terrors take hold on him as waters, a tempest stealeth him away in the night.

 27:21  The east wind carrieth him away, and he departeth: and as a storm hurleth him out of his place.

 27:22  For God shall cast upon him, and not spare: he would fain flee (run away) out of his (east wind's) hand (it's power).

 27:23  Men shall clap their hands at him, and shall hiss him out of his place.



Job's final speech continues

What is wisdom?

Job 28:1  Surely there is a vein for the silver, and a place for gold where they fine it.

 28:2  Iron is taken out of the earth (dust), and brass (copper) is molten out of the stone.

 28:3  He setteth an end to darkness, and searcheth out all perfection: the stones of darkness, and the shadow of death.

 28:4  The flood breaketh out from the inhabitant; even the waters forgotten of the foot: they are dried up, they are gone away from men.

Septuagint: 4  There is a cutting off the torrent by reason of dust: so they that forget the right way are weakened; they are removed from among men.

 28:5  As for the earth (land), out of it cometh bread: and under it is turned up as it were fire.

 28:6  The stones of it are the place of sapphires: and it hath dust of gold.

 28:7  There is a path which no fowl knoweth, and which the vulture's (falcon's) eye hath not seen:

 28:8  The lion's whelps have not trodden it, nor the fierce lion passed by it.

 28:9  He putteth forth His hand upon the rock; He overturneth the mountains by the roots.

 28:10  He cutteth out rivers among the rocks; and His eye seeth every precious thing.

 28:11  He bindeth the floods from overflowing; and the thing that is hid bringeth He forth to light.

The floods of aliens overflowing into our nation. And the remnant is waking up.

 28:12  But where shall wisdom be found? and where is the place of understanding?

Sirach 1:6  To whom hath the root of wisdom been revealed? or who hath known her wise counsels

Baruch 3:15  Who hath found out her place? or who hath come into her treasures?

 28:13  Man knoweth not the price thereof (of wisdom, understanding); neither is it found in the land of the living.

Baruch 3:29  Who hath gone up into the sky, and taken her, and brought her down from the clouds?

3:30  Who hath gone over the sea, and found her, and will bring her for pure gold?

3:31  No man knoweth her way, nor thinketh of her path.

 28:14  The depth saith, It is not in me: and the sea saith, It is not with me.

Romans 11:33  O the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and knowledge of God! how unsearchable are His judgments, and His ways past finding out!

 28:15  It cannot be gotten for gold, neither shall silver be weighed for the price thereof.

Still speaking of wisdom and understanding.

 28:16  It cannot be valued with the gold of Ophir, with the precious onyx, or the sapphire.

 28:17  The gold and the crystal cannot equal it: and the exchange of it shall not be for jewels of fine gold.

 28:18  No mention shall be made of coral, or of pearls: for the price of wisdom is above rubies.

All referring to humbling yourself. If you humble yourself, you will be exalted. But if you exalt yourself, you will be humbled. This is the preciousness of wisdom and understanding.

 28:19  The topaz of Ethiopia shall not equal it, neither shall it be valued with pure gold.

 28:20  Whence then cometh wisdom? and where is the place of understanding?

 28:21  Seeing it is hid from the eyes of all living, and kept close from the fowls of the air.

 28:22  Destruction (Abaddon- abode of the lost or ruined dead) and death say, We have heard the fame thereof with our ears.

 28:23  God understandeth the way thereof, and He knoweth the place thereof.

Baruch 3:35  This is our God, and there shall none other be accounted of in comparison of Him

3:36  He hath found out all the way of knowledge, and hath given it unto Jacob His servant, and to Israel His beloved.

3:37  Afterward did He shew Himself upon the land, and conversed with men (Adam).

 28:24  For He looketh to the ends of the earth (land), and seeth under the whole heaven (the sky);

 28:25  To make the weight for the winds; and He weigheth the waters by measure.  Gravity

 28:26  When He made a decree for the rain, and a way for the lightning of the thunder:

 28:27  Then did He see it, and declare it; He prepared it, yea, and searched it out.

Sirach 1:9  He created her, and saw her, and numbered her, and poured her out upon all His works.

1:19  Wisdom raineth down skill and knowledge of understanding standing, and exalteth them to honour that hold her fast.

 28:28  And unto man (Adam) He said, Behold, the fear of Yahweh, that is wisdom; and to depart from evil is understanding.

Psalm 111:10  The fear of Yahweh is the beginning of wisdom: a good understanding have all they that do His commandments: His praise endureth for ever.

Proverbs 1:7  The fear of Yahweh is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction.

9:10  The fear of Yahweh is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy (Set Apart One) is understanding.



Job 29:1  Moreover Job continued his parable, and said,

 29:2  Oh that I were as in months past, as in the days when God preserved me;

 29:3  When His candle shined upon my head, and when by His light I walked through darkness;

 29:4  As I was in the days of my youth (autumn), when the secret of God was upon my tabernacle;

 29:5  When the Almighty was yet with me, when my children were about me;

Job thinks that Yahweh has made him His enemy.

 29:6  When I washed my steps with butter, and the rock poured me out rivers of oil;

 29:7  When I went out to the gate through the city, when I prepared my seat in the street (an elder with wise advice)!

 29:8  The young men saw me, and hid themselves: and the aged arose, and stood up (for him).

 29:9  The princes refrained talking, and laid their hand on their mouth.

 29:10  The nobles held their peace, and their tongue cleaved to the roof of their mouth.

 29:11  When the ear heard me, then it blessed me; and when the eye saw me, it gave witness to me:

 29:12  Because I delivered the poor that cried, and the fatherless, and him that had none to help him.

 29:13  The blessing of him that was ready to perish came upon me: and I caused the widow's heart to sing for joy.

 29:14  I put on righteousness, and it clothed me: my judgment (right-ruling) was as a robe and a diadem.

Isaiah 61:10  I will greatly rejoice in Yahweh, my soul shall be joyful in my God; for He hath clothed me with the garments of salvation, He hath covered me with the robe of righteousness, as a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments, and as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.

 29:15  I was eyes to the blind, and feet was I to the lame.

 29:16  I was a father to the poor: and the cause which I knew not I searched out (investigated).

Proverbs 29:7  The righteous considereth the cause of the poor: but the wicked regardeth not to know it.

 29:17  And I brake the jaws of the wicked, and plucked the spoil out of his teeth.

Psalm 58:6  Break their teeth, O God, in their mouth: break out the great teeth of the young lions, O Yahweh.

 29:18  Then I said, I shall die in my nest, and I shall multiply my days as the sand.

Psalm 30:6  And in my prosperity I said, I shall never be moved.

 29:19  My root was spread out by the waters, and the dew lay all night upon my branch.

 29:20  My glory was fresh in me, and my bow was renewed in my hand.

 29:21  Unto me men gave ear, and waited, and kept silence at my counsel.

 29:22  After my words they spake not again; and my speech dropped upon them.

 29:23  And they waited for me as for the rain; and they opened their mouth wide as for the latter (spring) rain.

Zechariah 10:1  Ask you of Yahweh rain in the time of the latter rain; so Yahweh shall make bright clouds, and give them showers of rain, to every one grass in the field.

 29:24  If I laughed on them, they believed it not; and the light of my countenance they cast not down.

 29:25  I chose out their way, and sat chief, and dwelt as a king in the army, as one that comforteth the mourners.

We should all have deeds this good.



Job's final speech continues

Job 30:1  But now they that are younger than I have me in derision, whose fathers I would have disdained to have set with the dogs of my flock.

Septuagint: 1  But now the youngest have laughed me to scorn, now they reprove me in their turn, whose fathers I set at nought; whom I did not deem worthy to be with my shepherd dogs.

 30:2  Yea, whereto might the strength of their hands profit me, in whom old age was perished?

 30:3  For want and famine they were solitary; fleeing into the wilderness in former time desolate and waste.

 30:4  Who cut up mallows by the bushes, and juniper roots for their meat.

 30:5  They were driven forth from among men, (they cried after them as after a thief;)

Septuagint: 4  Who compass the salt places on the sounding shore, who had salt herbs for their food, and were dishonorable and of no repute, in want of every good thing; who also ate roots of trees by reason of great hunger. 5  Thieves have risen up against me,

 30:6  To (who) dwell in the clifts of the valleys, in caves of the earth, and in the rocks.

 30:7  Among the bushes they brayed; under the nettles they were gathered together.

 30:8  They were children of fools, yea, children of base men (without a name): they were viler than the earth.

The last part in Hebrew reads: “...they were scourged out from the land.”

 30:9  And now am I their (taunting) song, yea, I am their byword.

 30:10  They abhor me, they flee far from me, and spare not to spit in my face.

 30:11  Because He hath loosed my cord, and afflicted me, they have also let loose the bridle before me.

 30:12  Upon my right hand rise the youth (a brood- gang of young people); they push away my feet, and they raise up against me the ways of their destruction.

 30:13  They mar my path, they set forward my calamity, they have no helper.

 30:14  They came upon me as a wide breaking in of waters: in the desolation they rolled themselves upon me.

 30:15  Terrors are turned upon me: they pursue my soul as the wind: and my welfare passeth away as a cloud.

 30:16  And now my soul is poured out upon me; the days of affliction have taken hold upon me.

 30:17  My bones are pierced (bored out) in me in the night season: and my sinews (tendons) take no rest.

 30:18  By the great force of my disease is my garment changed: it bindeth me about as the collar of my coat.

 30:19  He hath cast me into the mire, and I am become like dust and ashes.

 30:20  I cry unto You, and You dost not hear me: I stand up, and You regardest me not.

Because you blamed Him for everything.

 30:21  You art become cruel to me: with Your strong hand You opposest Yourself against me.

 30:22  You liftest me up to the wind; You causest me to ride upon it, and dissolvest my substance.

Hebrew ends as: “...and dissolve me in the roar of the storm.”

 30:23  For I know that You wilt bring me to death, and to the house appointed for all living.

 30:24  Howbeit he will not stretch out his hand to the grave (heap of ruin), though they cry in his destruction.

 30:25  Did not I weep for him that was in trouble? was not my soul grieved for the poor?

 30:26  When I looked for good, then evil came unto me: and when I waited for light, there came darkness.

A perfect example of going against Yahweh's will: Missionaries going to races and countries that Yahweh demands we be separate from.

 30:27  My bowels boiled, and rested not: the days of affliction prevented me.

 30:28  I went mourning without the sun: I stood up, and I cried in the congregation.

 30:29  I am a brother to dragons (jackals), and a companion to owls (ostriches).

 30:30  My skin is black upon me, and my bones are burned with heat.

Psalm 119:83  For I am become like a bottle in the smoke; yet do I not forget your statutes.

Lamentations 4:8  Their visage is blacker than a coal; they are not known in the streets: their skin cleaveth to their bones; it is withered, it is become like a stick.

 30:31  My harp also is turned to mourning, and my organ into the voice of them that weep.




Job 31:1  I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid (virgin)?

Matthew 5:28  But I say unto you, That whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her hath committed adultery with her already in his heart.

 31:2  For what portion of God is there from above? and what inheritance of the Almighty from on high?

 31:3  Is not destruction to the wicked? and a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity?

 31:4  Doth not He see my ways, and count all my steps?

Job does not see his dross, but Yahweh does. Job is still looking for Yahweh to judge him.

 31:5  If I have walked with vanity, or if my foot hath hasted to deceit;

 31:6  Let me be weighed in an even (just) balance, that God may know mine integrity.

Job can't see that his own dross is declaring his own righteousness.

 31:7  If my step hath turned out of the way, and mine heart walked after mine eyes, and if any blot hath cleaved to mine hands;

 31:8  Then let me sow, and let another eat; yea, let my offspring be rooted out.

Ecclesiastes 11:9  Rejoice, O young man, in your youth; and let your heart cheer you in the days of your youth, and walk in the ways of your heart, and in the sight of your eyes: but know you, that for all these things God will bring you into judgment.

 31:9  If mine heart have been deceived by a woman, or if I have laid wait at my neighbour's door;

 31:10  Then let my wife grind (crush, grind meal- ex: olives, grain) unto (please) another, and let others bow down upon her (this one is sexual).

 31:11  For this is an heinous crime (adultery); yea, it is an iniquity to be punished by the judges.

 31:12  For it is a fire that consumeth to destruction (abaddon- the pit of destruction, ruin), and would root out all mine increase.

 31:13  If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me;

 31:14  What then shall I do when God riseth up? and when He visiteth, what shall I answer Him?

Psalm 44:21  Shall not God search this out? for He knoweth the secrets of the heart.

 31:15  Did not He that made me in the womb make him (the servants)? and did not one fashion us in the womb?

 31:16  If I have withheld the poor from their desire, or have caused the eyes of the widow to fail;

 31:17  Or have eaten my morsel myself alone, and the fatherless hath not eaten thereof;   

4Maccabees 1:27  In the body it is greediness and gormandizing, and solitary gluttony.

 31:18  (For from my youth he was brought up with me, as with a father, and I have guided her from my mother's womb;)   (Tobit 4:7-11, 16)

 31:19  If I have seen any perish for want of clothing, or any poor without covering;

 31:20  If his loins have not blessed me, and if he were not warmed with the fleece of my sheep;

 31:21  If I have lifted up my hand against the fatherless, when I saw my help in the gate:

 31:22  Then let mine arm fall from my shoulder blade, and mine arm be broken from the bone.

 31:23  For destruction from God was a terror to me, and by reason of His highness I could not endure.

 31:24  If I have made gold my hope, or have said to the fine gold, Thou art my confidence;   (Sir 31:5-10)

 31:25  If I rejoiced because my wealth was great, and because mine hand had gotten much;

Psalm 62:10  Trust not in oppression, and become not vain in robbery: if riches increase, set not your heart upon them.

 31:26  If I beheld the sun when it shined, or the moon walking in brightness;

 31:27  And my heart hath been secretly enticed, or my mouth hath kissed my hand:

 31:28  This also were an iniquity to be punished by the judge: for I should have denied the God that is above.

 31:29  If I rejoiced at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him:

Proverbs 17:5  Whoso mocketh the poor reproacheth his Maker: and he that is glad at calamities shall not be unpunished.

 31:30  Neither have I suffered my mouth to sin by wishing a curse to his soul.

Matthew 5:44  But I say unto you, Love your enemies (of kin), bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;

 31:31  If the men of my tabernacle said not, Oh that we had of his flesh! we cannot be satisfied.

 31:32  The stranger (sojourning kinsman) did not lodge in the street: but I opened my doors to the traveller.   (Gen 19:2-3)

 31:33  If I covered my transgressions as Adam, by hiding mine iniquity in my bosom:

 31:34  Did I fear a great multitude, or did the contempt of families terrify me, that I kept silence, and went not out of the door?

Exodus 23:2  You shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt you speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:

 31:35  Oh that one would hear me! behold, my desire is, that the Almighty would answer me, and that mine adversary had written a book.

Septuagint: 35  (Oh that I had a hearer,) and if I had not feared the hand of Yahweh; and as to the written charge which I had against any one,

 31:36  Surely I would take it upon my shoulder, and bind it as a crown to me.

 31:37  I would declare unto him the number of my steps; as a prince would I go near unto him.

 31:38  If my land cry against me, or that the furrows likewise thereof complain;

 31:39  If I have eaten the fruits thereof without money, or have caused the owners thereof to lose their life:

 31:40  Let thistles grow instead of wheat, and cockle (weeds) instead of barley. The words of Job are ended.

Job is saying he has done none of these things. He just can't figure out why he is dealing with calamity.



Elihu's opinion

Buz was a son of Nahor.

Job 32:1  So these three men ceased to answer Job, because he was righteous in his own eyes.  The dross.

Septuagint: 1  And his three friends also ceased any longer to answer Job: for Job was righteous before them.

 32:2  Then was kindled the wrath of Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite, of the kindred of Ram: against Job was his wrath kindled, because he justified himself rather than (before) God. The dross.

 32:3  Also against his three friends was his wrath kindled, because they had found no answer, and yet had condemned Job.

 32:4  Now Elihu had waited till Job had spoken, because they were elder than he.

 32:5  When Elihu saw that there was no answer in the mouth of these three men, then his wrath was kindled.

 32:6  And Elihu the son of Barachel the Buzite answered and said, I am young, and you are very old; wherefore I was afraid, and durst not shew you mine opinion.

 32:7  I said, Days should speak, and multitude of years should teach wisdom.

 32:8  But there is a spirit in man (mortals): and the inspiration of the Almighty giveth them understanding.

Proverbs 2:6  For Yahweh giveth wisdom: out of His mouth cometh knowledge and understanding.

 32:9  Great men are not always wise: neither do the aged understand judgment.

1Corinthians 1:26  For you see your calling, brethren, how that not many wise men after the flesh, not many mighty, not many noble, are called:

 32:10  Therefore I said, Hearken to me; I also will shew mine opinion.

 32:11  Behold, I waited for your words; I gave ear to your reasons, whilst you searched out what to say.

 32:12  Yea, I attended unto you, and, behold, there was none of you that convinced Job, or that answered his words:

 32:13  Lest you should say, We have found out wisdom: God thrusteth him down, not man.

 32:14  Now he hath not directed his words against me: neither will I answer him with your speeches.

 32:15  They were amazed, they answered no more: they left off speaking.

 32:16  When I had waited, (for they spake not, but stood still, and answered no more;)

 32:17  I said, I will answer also my part, I also will shew mine opinion.

 32:18  For I am full of matter (words), the spirit within me constraineth me.

 32:19  Behold, my belly is as wine which hath no vent; it is ready to burst like new bottles.

 32:20  I will speak, that I may be refreshed: I will open my lips and answer.

 32:21  Let me not, I pray you, accept any man's person (status), neither let me give flattering titles unto man (Adam).

Septuagint: 21  For truly I will not be awed because of man, nor indeed will I be confounded before a mortal.

 32:22  For I know not to give flattering titles; in so doing my Maker would soon take me away.



Elihu continues

Job 33:1  Wherefore, Job, I pray you, hear my speeches, and hearken to all my words.

 33:2  Behold, now I have opened my mouth, my tongue hath spoken in my mouth.

 33:3  My words shall be of the uprightness of my heart: and my lips shall utter knowledge clearly.

 33:4  The Spirit of God hath made me, and the breath of the Almighty hath given me life.

 33:5  If you canst answer me, set your words in order before me, stand up.

 33:6  Behold, I am according to your wish in God's stead: I also am formed out of the clay.

He is saying he is just like Job before El.

 33:7  Behold, my terror shall not make you afraid, neither shall my hand be heavy upon you.

 33:8  Surely you hast spoken in mine hearing, and I have heard the voice of your words, saying,

 33:9  I am clean without transgression, I am innocent; neither is there iniquity in me.

 33:10  Behold, He findeth occasions (charges) against me, He counteth me for His (hated) enemy,

 33:11  He putteth my feet in the stocks, He marketh all my paths. Job's dross.

 33:12  Behold, in this you art not just: I will answer you, that God is greater than man (mortals).

 33:13  Why dost you strive against Him? for He giveth not account of any of His matters.

 33:14  For God speaketh once, yea twice, yet man perceiveth it not.

 33:15  In a dream, in a vision of the night, when deep sleep falleth upon men, in slumberings upon the bed;

Numbers 12:6  And he (Yahweh) said, Hear now my words: If there be a prophet among you, I Yahweh will make Myself known unto him in a vision, and will speak unto him in a dream.

 33:16  Then He openeth the ears of men, and sealeth their instruction,

 33:17  That He may withdraw man (Adam) from his purpose, and hide pride from man.

Septuagint: 17  to turn a man from unrighteousness, and He delivers his body from a fall.

 33:18  He keepeth back his soul from the pit, and his life from perishing by the sword.

 33:19  He is chastened also with pain upon his bed, and the multitude of his bones with strong pain:

 33:20  So that his life abhorreth bread, and his soul dainty meat.

Psalm 107:18  Their soul abhorreth all manner of meat; and they draw near unto the gates of death.

 33:21  His flesh is consumed away, that it cannot be seen; and his bones that were not seen stick out.

 33:22  Yea, his soul draweth near unto the grave, and his life to the destroyers (angels of death).

 33:23  If there be a messenger with him, an interpreter, one among a thousand, to shew unto man (Adam) his uprightness:

 33:24  Then He is gracious unto him, and saith, Deliver him from going down to the pit: I have found a ransom.

 33:25  His flesh shall be fresher than a child's: he shall return to the days of his youth:

 33:26  He shall pray unto God, and He will be favourable unto him: and he shall see His face with joy: for He will render unto man his righteousness (their due).

 33:27  He looketh upon men, and if any say, I have sinned, and perverted that which was right, and it profited me not;

 33:28  He will deliver his soul from going into the pit, and his life shall see the light.

 33:29  Lo, all these things worketh God oftentimes with (a mighty) man,

 33:30  To bring back his soul from the pit, to be enlightened with the light of the living.

 33:31  Mark well, O Job, hearken unto me: hold your peace, and I will speak.

 33:32  If you hast any thing to say, answer me: speak, for I desire to justify you.

 33:33  If not, hearken unto me: hold your peace, and I shall teach you wisdom.

Psalm 34:11  Come, you children, hearken unto me: I will teach you the fear of Yahweh.

It seems as though Job is beginning to be humbled by Elihu's words. Job holds his peace and Elihu continues.



Job 34:1  Furthermore Elihu answered and said,

 34:2  Hear my words, O you wise men; and give ear unto me, you that have knowledge.

 34:3  For the ear trieth words, as the mouth tasteth meat.

 34:4  Let us choose to us judgment: let us know among ourselves what is good.

 34:5  For Job hath said, I am righteous: and God hath taken away my judgment (justice).

 34:6  Should I lie against my right? my wound is incurable without transgression.

 34:7  What man is like Job, who drinketh up scorning like water?

 34:8  Which goeth in company with the workers of iniquity, and walketh with wicked men.

 34:9  For he hath said, It profiteth a man nothing that he should delight himself with God.

Malachi 3:14  Ye have said, It is vain to serve God: and what profit is it that we have kept His ordinance, and that we have walked mournfully before Yahweh of hosts?

 34:10  Therefore hearken unto me, you men of understanding: far be it from God, that He should do wickedness; and from the Almighty, that He should commit iniquity.

Remember, it was Satan that was doing this to Job, not Yahweh.

 34:11  For the work of a man (Adam) shall He render unto him, and cause every man to find according to his ways.

Psalm 62:12  Also unto You, O Yahweh, belongeth mercy: for You renderest to every man according to his work.

 34:12  Yea, surely God will not do wickedly, neither will the Almighty pervert judgment.

 34:13  Who hath given Him a charge over the earth (land)? or who hath disposed the whole world?

 34:14  If He set His heart upon man, if He gather unto Himself his spirit and his breath;

 34:15  All flesh shall perish together, and man shall turn again unto dust.

 34:16  If now you hast understanding, hear this: hearken to the voice of my words.

 34:17  Shall even he that hateth right (justice) govern? and wilt you condemn him that is most just?

Septuagint: 17  Behold then the one that hates iniquities, and that destroys the wicked, who is for ever just.

2Samuel 23:3  The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

 34:18  Is it fit to say to a king, Thou art wicked? and to princes, Ye are ungodly?

 34:19  How much less to Him that accepteth not the persons (status) of princes, nor regardeth the rich more than the poor? for they all are the work of His hands.

Deuteronomy 10:17  For Yahweh your God is God of gods, and Sovereign of sovereigns, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh reward:

 34:20  In a moment shall they die, and the people shall be troubled at midnight, and pass away: and the mighty shall be taken away without hand.

 34:21  For His eyes are upon the ways of man, and He seeth all his goings.

 34:22  There is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.

Psalm 139:12  Yea, the darkness hideth not from You; but the night shineth as the day: the darkness and the light are both alike to You.

Amos 9:2-3

2  Though they dig into hell, thence shall Mine hand take them; though they climb up to heaven, thence will I bring them down:

3  And though they hide themselves in the top of Carmel, I will search and take them out thence; and though they be hid from My sight in the bottom of the sea, thence will I command the serpent, and he shall bite them:

 34:23  For He will not lay upon man more than right; that he should enter into judgment with God.

 34:24  He shall break in pieces mighty men without number, and set others in their stead.

 34:25  Therefore He knoweth their works, and He overturneth them in the night, so that they are destroyed (broken).

 34:26  He striketh them as wicked men in the open sight of others;

 34:27  Because they turned back from Him, and would not consider any of His ways:

 34:28  So that they cause the cry of the poor to come unto Him, and He heareth the cry of the afflicted.

James 5:4  Behold, the hire of the labourers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, crieth: and the cries of them which have reaped are entered into the ears of the Prince of sabaoth.

Exodus 22:23  If you afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto Me, I will surely hear their cry;

 34:29  When He giveth quietness, who then can make trouble? and when He hideth His face, who then can behold Him? whether it be done against a nation, or against a man (Adam) only:

 34:30  That the hypocrite (impious Adam) reign not, lest the people be ensnared.   (1 Ki 12:28,30)

 34:31  Surely it is meet to be said unto God, I have borne chastisement, I will not offend any more:

 34:32  That which I see not teach you me: if I have done iniquity, I will do no more.

 34:33  Should it be according to your mind? He will recompense it, whether you refuse, or whether you choose; and not I: therefore speak what you knowest.

 34:34  Let men of understanding tell me, and let a wise man hearken unto me.

 34:35  Job hath spoken without knowledge, and his words were without wisdom.

 34:36  My desire is that Job may be tried unto the end because of his answers for wicked men.

 34:37  For he addeth rebellion unto his sin, he clappeth his hands among us, and multiplieth his words against God.

Job did not see his own dross. He was being self righteous.



Job 35:1  Elihu spake moreover, and said,

 35:2  Thinkest you this to be right, that you saidst, My (Job's) righteousness is more than God's?

 35:3  For you saidst, What advantage will it be unto you? and, What profit shall I have, if I be cleansed from my sin?

See how Job did not see his own dross.

 35:4  I will answer you, and your companions with you.

 35:5  Look unto the heavens (skies), and see; and behold the clouds which are higher than you.

 35:6  If you sinnest, what doest you against Him? or if your transgressions be multiplied, what doest you unto Him?

 35:7  If you be righteous, what givest you Him? or what receiveth He of your hand?

 35:8  Your wickedness may hurt a man as you art; and your righteousness may profit the son of man.

Hebrew: 8  For a man like you is your wickedness; and the son of Adam your righteousness.

TS2009:  Your wrong is for a man like yourself, and your righteousness for a son of man.

 35:9  By reason of the multitude of oppressions they make the oppressed to cry: they cry out by reason of the arm of the mighty.

 35:10  But none saith, Where is God my maker, who giveth songs in the night;

Isaiah 51:13  And forgettest Yahweh your maker, that hath stretched forth the skies, and laid the foundations of the land; and hast feared continually every day because of the fury of the oppressor, as if he were ready to destroy? and where is the fury of the oppressor?

 35:11  Who teacheth us more than the beasts of the earth (land), and maketh us wiser than the fowls of heaven (the sky)?

Psalm 94:12  Blessed is the man whom You chastenest, O Yahweh, and teachest him out of Your law;

 35:12  There they cry, but none giveth answer, because of the pride of evil men.

Proverbs 1:28  Then shall they call upon Me, but I will not answer; they shall seek Me early, but they shall not find Me:

 35:13  Surely God will not hear vanity, neither will the Almighty regard it.

 35:14  Although you sayest you shalt not see Him, yet judgment is before Him; therefore trust (wait) you in Him.

Good advice from Elihu.

 35:15  But now, because it is not so, He hath visited in His anger; yet He knoweth it not in great extremity:

Septuagint: 15  For He is not now regarding His wrath, nor has He noticed severely any trespass.

Psalm 89:32  Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes.

 35:16  Therefore doth Job open his mouth in vain; he multiplieth words without knowledge.



Job 36:1  Elihu also proceeded, and said,

 36:2  Suffer me a little, and I will shew you that I have yet to speak on God's behalf.

 36:3  I will fetch my knowledge from afar, and will ascribe righteousness to my Maker.

 36:4  For truly my words shall not be false: He that is perfect in knowledge is with you.

 36:5  Behold, God is mighty, and despiseth not any: He is mighty in strength and wisdom.

 36:6  He preserveth not the life of the wicked: but giveth right (justice) to the poor.

 36:7  He withdraweth not His eyes from the righteous: but with kings are they on the throne; yea, He doth establish them for ever, and they are exalted.

Psalm 33:18  Behold, the eye of Yahweh is upon them that fear Him, upon them that hope in His mercy;

Psalm 113:8  That He may set him with princes, even with the princes of His people.

 36:8  And if they be bound in fetters, and be holden in cords of affliction;

Psalm 107:10  Such as sit in darkness and in the shadow of death, being bound in affliction and iron;

 36:9  Then He sheweth them their work, and their transgressions that they have exceeded.

 36:10  He openeth also their ear to discipline, and commandeth that they return (turn back) from iniquity.

 36:11  If they obey and serve Him, they shall spend their days in prosperity, and their years in pleasures.

 36:12  But if they obey not, they shall perish by the sword, and they shall die without knowledge.

Hosea 4:6  My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you hast rejected knowledge, I will also reject you, that you shalt be no priest to Me: seeing you hast forgotten the law of your God, I will also forget your children.

 36:13  But the hypocrites in heart heap up wrath: they cry not when He bindeth them.

 36:14  They die in youth, and their life is among the unclean (male temple prostitutes H6945).

Psalm 55:23  But You, O God, shalt bring them down into the pit of destruction: bloody and deceitful men shall not live out half their days; but I will trust in You.

 36:15  He delivereth the poor in his affliction, and openeth their ears in oppression.

 36:16  Even so would He have removed you out of the strait into a broad place, where there is no straitness; and that which should be set on your table should be full of fatness.

 36:17  But you hast fulfilled the judgment of the wicked: judgment and justice take hold on you.

 36:18  Because there is wrath, beware lest He take you away with His stroke: then a great ransom cannot deliver you.

 36:19  Will He esteem your riches? no, not gold, nor all the forces of strength.

Proverbs 11:4  Riches profit not in the day of wrath: but righteousness delivereth from death.

 36:20  Desire not the night, when people are cut off in their place.

 36:21  Take heed, regard not iniquity: for this hast you chosen rather than affliction.

 36:22  Behold, God exalteth by His power: who teacheth like Him?

Isaiah 40:13  Who hath directed the Spirit of Yahweh, or being His counsellor hath taught Him?

1Corinthians 2:16  For who hath known the mind of the Prince, that he may instruct Him? But we have the mind (perception) of Christ.

 36:23  Who hath enjoined Him His way?(And who is he that examines His works?) or who can say, You hast wrought iniquity?

 36:24  Remember that you magnify His work, which men behold.

Psalm 92:5  O Yahweh, how great are Your works! and Your thoughts are very deep.

 36:25  Every man (Adam) may see it; man may behold it afar off.

 36:26  Behold, God is great, and we know Him not, neither can the number of His years be searched out.

1Corinthians 13:12  For now we see through a glass (mirror), darkly (in riddles); but then face to face: now I know in part; but then I will recognize just as also I have been recognized.

 36:27  For He maketh small the drops of water: they pour down rain according to the vapour thereof:

Psalm 147:8  Who covereth the sky with clouds, who prepareth rain for the land, who maketh grass to grow upon the mountains.

 36:28  Which the clouds do drop and distil upon man (Adam) abundantly.

Proverbs 3:20  By His knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

 36:29  Also can any understand the spreadings of the clouds, or the noise (measure) of His tabernacle?

 36:30  Behold, He spreadeth His light upon it, and covereth the bottom of the sea.

 36:31  For by them judgeth He the people; He giveth meat in abundance.

Acts 14:17  Nevertheless He left not Himself without witness, in that He did good, and gave us rain from the sky, and fruitful seasons, filling our hearts with food and gladness.

 36:32  With clouds He covereth the light; and commandeth it not to shine by the cloud that cometh betwixt.

Hebrew: 32  With His hand He covers the lightning and commands it to attack the mark.

TS2009: 32  He has covered His hands with lightning, and commands it to strike.

 36:33  The noise thereof sheweth concerning it, the cattle also concerning the vapour.



Elihu continues

Job 37:1  At this also my heart trembleth, and is moved out of his place.

 37:2  Hear attentively the noise of His voice, and the sound that goeth out of His mouth.

 37:3  He directeth it under the whole heaven (sky), and His lightning unto the ends of the earth (land).

 37:4  After it a voice roareth: He thundereth with the voice of His excellency; and He will not stay them when His voice is heard.

Psalm 29:3  The voice of Yahweh is upon the waters: the God of glory thundereth: Yahweh is upon many waters.

 37:5  God thundereth marvellously with His voice; great things doeth He, which we cannot comprehend.

 37:6  For He saith to the snow, Be you on the earth (land); likewise to the small rain, and to the great rain of His strength.

 37:7  He sealeth up the hand of every man (Adam); that all men may know His work.

Septuagint: 7  He seals up the hand of every man, that every man may know his own weakness.

Psalm 109:27  That they may know that this is Your hand; that You, Yahweh, hast done it.

 37:8  Then the beasts go into dens, and remain in their places.

Psalm 104:22  The sun ariseth, they gather themselves together, and lay them down in their dens.

 37:9  Out of the south cometh the whirlwind: and cold out of the north.

 37:10  By the breath of God frost is given: and the breadth of the waters is straitened (frozen).

 37:11  Also by watering He wearieth the thick cloud: He scattereth His bright (lightning) cloud:

 37:12  And it is turned round about by His counsels: that they may do whatsoever He commandeth them upon the face of the world in the earth (land).

 37:13  He causeth it to come, whether for correction, or for His land, or for mercy.

 37:14  Hearken unto this, O Job: stand still, and consider the wondrous works of God.

 37:15  Dost you know when God disposed them, and caused the light(ning) of His cloud to shine?

 37:16  Dost you know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of Him which is perfect in knowledge?

 37:17  How your garments are warm, when He quieteth the earth by the south wind?

 37:18  Hast you with Him spread out the sky, which is strong, and as a molten looking glass?

 37:19  Teach us what we shall say unto Him; for we cannot order our speech by reason of darkness (ignorance).

 37:20  Shall it be told Him that I speak? if a man speak, surely he shall be swallowed up.

 37:21  And now men see not the bright light which is in the clouds: but the wind passeth, and cleanseth them.

 37:22  Fair weather cometh out of the north: with God is terrible majesty.

Hebrew: 22  Out of the north gold comes – with Eloah is awesome excellency.

Possible uses for H2091: brightness or golden splendor. The meaning of zahab is unclear/unknown.

 37:23  Touching the Almighty, we cannot find Him out: He is excellent in power, and in judgment, and in plenty of justice: He will not afflict.

 37:24  Men do therefore fear Him: He respecteth not any that are wise of heart (mind).



Yahweh speaks

Job 38:1  Then Yahweh answered Job out of the whirlwind, and said,

 38:2  Who is this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge?

Septuagint: 2  Who is this that hides counsel from Me, and confines words in his heart, and thinks to conceal them from Me?

1Timothy 1:7  Desiring to be teachers of the law; understanding neither what they say, nor whereof they affirm.

 38:3  Gird up now your loins like a (mighty) man; for I will demand of you, and answer you Me.

 38:4  Where wast you when I laid the foundations of the earth (land)? declare, if you hast understanding.

 38:5  Who hath laid the measures thereof, if you knowest? or who hath stretched the (measuring) line upon it?

 38:6  Whereupon (Upon what) are the foundations (pillars of the earth) thereof fastened (sunk)? or who laid the corner stone thereof;

 38:7  When the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy?

Baruch 3:34  The stars shined in their watches, and rejoiced: when He calleth them, they say, Here we be; and so with cheerfulness they shewed light unto Him that made them.

 38:8  Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

 38:9  When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddlingband for it,

 38:10  And brake up for it My decreed place, and set bars and doors,

 38:11  And said, Hitherto shalt you come, but no further: and here shall your proud waves be stayed?

Psalm 89:9  You rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, You stillest them.   (Jer 5:22)

 38:12  Hast you commanded the morning since your days; and caused the dayspring to know his place;

 38:13  That it might take hold of the ends of the earth (land), that the wicked might be shaken out of it?

 38:14  It is turned as clay to the seal; and they stand as a garment.

 38:15  And from the wicked their light is withholden, and the high arm shall be broken.

Communism shows a fist in the air.

 38:16  Hast you entered into the springs of the sea? or hast you walked in the search of the depth?

Psalm 77:19  Your way is in the sea, and Your path in the great waters, and Your footsteps are not known.

 38:17  Have the gates of death been opened unto you? or hast you seen the doors of the shadow of death?

 38:18  Hast you perceived the breadth of the earth (land)? declare if you knowest it all.

 38:19  Where is the way where light dwelleth? and as for darkness, where is the place thereof,

 38:20  That you shouldest take it to the bound thereof, and that you shouldest know the paths to the house thereof?

 38:21  Knowest you it, because you wast then born? or because the number of your days is great?

 38:22  Hast you entered into the treasures of the snow? or hast you seen the treasures of the hail,

Psalm 135:7  He causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the land; He maketh lightnings for the rain; He bringeth the wind out of His treasuries.

 38:23  Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war?

Exodus 9:18  Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.

Joshua 10:11  And it came to pass, as they fled from before Israel, and were in the going down to Bethhoron, that Yahweh cast down great stones from heaven upon them unto Azekah, and they died: they were more which died with hailstones than they whom the children of Israel slew with the sword.

Isaiah 30:30  And Yahweh shall cause His glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of His arm, with the indignation of His anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hailstones.

 38:24  By what way is the light parted, which scattereth the east wind upon the earth (land)?

 38:25  Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or a way for the lightning of thunder;

 38:26  To cause it to rain on the earth (land), where no man is; on the wilderness, wherein there is no man (Adam);

 38:27  To satisfy the desolate and waste ground; and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth?

Psalm 107:35  He turneth the wilderness into a standing water, and dry ground into watersprings.

 38:28  Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?

Jeremiah 14:22  Are there any among the vanities of the nations that can cause rain? or can the skies give showers? art not You He, O Yahweh our God? therefore we will wait upon You: for You hast made all these things.

 38:29  Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven (the sky), who hath gendered it?

Psalm 147:16  He giveth snow like wool: He scattereth the hoarfrost like ashes.

 38:30  The waters are hid (hardened) as with a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

 38:31  Canst you bind the sweet influences of Pleiades (Kiymah), or loose the bands of Orion (Kesiyl)?

 38:32  Canst you bring forth Mazzaroth (constellation) in his season? or canst you guide Arcturus (Ayish) with his sons?

Adam, Seth, and Enoch composed the original Zodiac. It was a prophecy of the life of Christ (the gospel in the stars).

 38:33  Knowest you the ordinances of heaven (the sky)? canst you set the dominion thereof in the earth (land)?

Jeremiah 31:35  Thus saith Yahweh, which giveth the sun for a light by day, and the ordinances of the moon and of the stars for a light by night, which divideth the sea when the waves thereof roar; Yahweh of hosts is His name:

 38:34  Canst you lift up your voice to the clouds, that abundance of waters may cover you?

 38:35  Canst you send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto you, Here we are?

 38:36  Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given understanding to the heart?

Psalm 51:6  Behold, you desirest truth in the inward parts: and in the hidden part you shalt make me to know wisdom.

 38:37  Who can number the clouds in wisdom? or who can stay the bottles (skin bottles – the clouds) of heaven (the sky),

 38:38  When the dust groweth into hardness, and the clods cleave fast together?

 38:39  Wilt you hunt the prey for the lion? or fill the appetite of the young lions,

Psalm 104:21  The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God.

 38:40  When they couch in their dens, and abide in the covert to lie in wait?

 38:41  Who provideth for the raven his food? when his young ones cry unto God, they wander for lack of meat.

Psalm 147:9  He giveth to the beast his food, and to the young ravens which cry.



Yahweh continues

Job 39:1  Knowest you the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or canst you mark when the hinds do calve?

Psalm 29:9  The voice of Yahweh maketh the hinds to calve, and discovereth the forests: and in His temple doth every one speak of His glory.

 39:2  Canst you number the months that they fulfil? or knowest you the time when they bring forth?

 39:3  They bow (mate) themselves, they bring forth their young ones, they cast out their sorrows.

 39:4  Their young ones are in good liking, they grow up with corn (in the open field); they go forth, and return not unto them.

 39:5  Who hath sent out the wild ass free? or who hath loosed the bands of the wild ass?

 39:6  Whose house I have made the wilderness, and the barren land his dwellings.

 39:7  He scorneth the multitude of the city, neither regardeth he the crying of the driver.

 39:8  The range of the mountains is his pasture, and he searcheth after every green thing.

The wild ass is a free wild donkey. He's not a burden animal, he's not a domesticated animal, he's free.

Next is the wild ox.

 39:9  Will the unicorn (wild ox)  be willing to serve you, or abide by your crib?

 39:10  Canst you bind the unicorn (wild ox) with his band in the furrow? or will he harrow the valleys after you?

 39:11  Wilt you trust him, because his strength is great? or wilt you leave your labour to him?

 39:12  Wilt you believe him, that he will bring home your seed, and gather it into your barn?

 39:13  Gavest you the goodly wings unto the peacocks? or wings and feathers unto the ostrich?

Hebrew: 13  Made you to flap joyously the wings of the ostrich? Or her feathers and plumage as the stork?

What is being implied is that the stork is kind to it's young.

 39:14  (The Ostrich) Which leaveth her eggs in the earth (ground), and warmeth them in dust,

 39:15  And forgetteth that the foot may crush them, or that the wild beast (living creatures of the field) may break them.

 39:16  She is hardened against her young ones, as though they were not hers: her labour is in vain without fear;

 39:17  Because God hath deprived her of wisdom, neither hath He imparted to her understanding.

 39:18  What time she lifteth up herself on high, she scorneth the horse and his rider.

An ostrich can outrun a horse.

 39:19  Hast you given the horse strength? hast you clothed his neck with thunder?

 39:20  Canst you make him afraid as a grasshopper? the glory of his nostrils is terrible.

 39:21  He paweth in the valley, and rejoiceth in his strength: he goeth on to meet the armed men.

Jeremiah 8:6  I hearkened and heard, but they spake not aright: no man repented him of his wickedness, saying, What have I done? every one turned to his course, as the horse rusheth into the battle.

 39:22  He mocketh at fear, and is not affrighted; neither turneth he back from the sword.

 39:23  The quiver rattleth against him, the glittering spear and the shield.

 39:24  He swalloweth the ground with fierceness and rage: neither believeth he that it is the sound of the trumpet.

 39:25  He saith among the trumpets, Ha, ha; and he smelleth the battle afar off, the thunder of the captains, and the shouting.

 39:26  Doth the hawk fly by your wisdom, and stretch her wings toward the south?

 39:27  Doth the eagle mount up at your command, and make her nest on high?

 39:28  She dwelleth and abideth on the rock, upon the crag of the rock, and the strong place.

 39:29  From thence she seeketh the prey, and her eyes behold afar off.

 39:30  Her young ones also suck up blood: and where the slain are, there is she.

Matthew 24:28  For wheresoever the carcase is, there will the eagles be gathered together.



Job 40:1  Moreover Yahweh answered Job, and said,

 40:2  Shall he that contendeth with the Almighty instruct Him? he that reproveth God, let him answer it.

 40:3  Then Job answered Yahweh, and said,

 40:4  Behold, I am vile; what shall I answer You? I will lay mine hand upon my mouth.

 40:5  Once have I spoken; but I will not answer: yea, twice; but I will proceed no further.

 40:6  Then answered Yahweh unto Job out of the whirlwind, and said,

 40:7  Gird up your loins now like a (mighty) man: I will demand of you, and declare you unto Me.

 40:8  Wilt you also disannul My judgment? wilt you condemn Me, that you mayest be righteous?

Psalm 51:4  Against You, You only, have I sinned, and done this evil in Your sight: that You mightest be justified when You speakest, and be clear when You judgest.

Romans 3:4  God forbid: yea, let God be true, but every man a liar; as it is written, That You mightest be justified in Your sayings, and prevail in Your judging.

 40:9  Hast you an arm like God? or canst you thunder with a voice like Him?

 40:10  Deck yourself now with majesty and excellency; and array thyself with glory and beauty.

Psalm 104:1  Bless Yahweh, O my soul. O Yahweh my God, You art very great; You art clothed with honour and majesty.

 40:11  Cast abroad the rage of your wrath: and behold every one that is proud, and abase him.

 40:12  Look on every one that is proud, and bring him low; and tread down the wicked in their place.

 40:13  Hide them in the dust together; and bind their faces in secret.

 40:14  Then will I also confess unto you (Job) that your own right hand can save you.

 40:15  Behold now behemoth (hippo), which I made with you; he eateth grass as an ox.

 40:16  Lo now, his strength is in his loins, and his force is in the navel of his belly.

 40:17  He moveth his tail like a cedar: the sinews of his stones are wrapped together.

 40:18  His bones are as strong pieces of brass (bronze); his bones are like bars of iron.

 40:19  He is the chief of the ways of God: He that made him can make his sword to approach unto him.

 40:20  Surely the mountains bring him forth food, where all the beasts (living creatures) of the field play.

 40:21  He lieth under the shady trees, in the covert of the reed, and fens.

 40:22  The shady trees cover him with their shadow; the willows of the brook compass him about.

 40:23  Behold, he drinketh up a river, and hasteth not: he trusteth that he can draw up Jordan into his mouth.

Hebrew: 23  “Behold, a river oppresses him,...”

TS2009: 23  See, if a river rages, he is not alarmed; he feels safe, even if the Yarden gushes into his mouth,

 40:24  He taketh it with his eyes: his nose pierceth through snares.


Chapter 40 continues in the Hebrew.


Yahweh continues

Job 41:1 (40:25)  Canst you draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord which you lettest down?

Psalm 104:26  There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom you hast made to play therein.

 41:2 (40:26)  Canst you put an hook into his nose? or bore his jaw through with a thorn?

Isaiah 37:29  Because your rage against Me, and your tumult, is come up into Mine ears, therefore will I put My hook in your nose, and My bridle in your lips, and I will turn you back by the way by which you camest.

 41:3 (40:27)  Will he make many supplications unto you? will he speak soft words unto you?

 41:4 (40:28)  Will he make a covenant with you? wilt you take him for a servant for ever?

 41:5 (40:29)  Wilt you play with him as with a bird? or wilt you bind him for your maidens?

 41:6 (40:30)  Shall the companions make a banquet of him? shall they part him among the merchants?

 41:7 (40:31)  Canst you fill his skin with barbed irons (harpoons)? or his head with fish spears?

 41:8 (40:32)  Lay your hand upon him, remember the battle, do no more.

 41:9 (Job 41:1)  Behold, the hope of him is in vain: shall not one be cast down even at the sight of him (crocodile)?

 41:10 (41:2)  None is so fierce that dare stir him up: who then is able to stand before Me?

 41:11 (41:3)  Who hath prevented Me, that I should repay him? whatsoever is under the whole heaven (sky) is Mine.

 41:12 (41:4)  I will not conceal his (the crocodile's) parts, nor his power, nor his comely proportion.

 41:13 (41:5)  Who can discover the face of his garment? or who can come to him with his double bridle?

 41:14 (41:6)  Who can open the doors (jaws) of his face? his teeth are terrible round about.

 41:15 (41:7)  His scales (as a shield) are his pride, shut up together as with a close seal.

 41:16 (41:8)  One (his scales) is so near to another, that no air can come between them.

 41:17 (41:9)  They are joined one to another, they stick together, that they cannot be sundered.

 41:18 (41:10)  By his neesings (sneezings) a light doth shine, and his eyes are like the eyelids of the morning.

 41:19 (41:11)  Out of his mouth go burning lamps, and sparks of fire leap out.

 41:20 (41:12)  Out of his nostrils goeth smoke, as out of a seething pot or caldron.

 41:21 (41:13)  His breath kindleth coals, and a flame goeth out of his mouth.

 41:22 (41:14)  In his neck remaineth strength, and sorrow is turned into joy before him.

 41:23 (41:15)  The flakes of his flesh are joined together: they are firm in themselves; they cannot be moved.

 41:24 (41:16)  His heart is as firm as a stone; yea, as hard as a piece of the nether millstone.

 41:25 (41:17)  When he raiseth up himself, the mighty are afraid: by reason of breakings they purify themselves.

 41:26 (41:18)  The sword of him that layeth at him cannot hold: the spear, the dart, nor the habergeon.

 41:27 (41:19)  He esteemeth iron as straw, and brass (bronze) as rotten wood.

 41:28 (41:20)  The arrow cannot make him flee: slingstones are turned with him into stubble.

 41:29 (41:21)  Darts are counted as stubble: he laugheth at the shaking of a spear.

 41:30 (41:22)  Sharp stones are under him: he spreadeth sharp pointed things upon the mire.

 41:31 (41:23)  He maketh the deep to boil like a pot: he maketh the sea like a pot of ointment.

 41:32 (41:24)  He maketh a path (wake- of water) to shine after him; one would think the deep to be hoary.

 41:33 (41:25)  Upon earth there is not his like, who is made without fear.

 41:34 (41:26)  He beholdeth all high things: he is a king over all the children of pride.



Job repents

Job 42:1  Then Job answered Yahweh, and said,

 42:2  I know that You canst do every thing, and that no thought can be withholden from You.

 42:3  Who is he that hideth counsel without knowledge? therefore have I uttered that I understood not; things too wonderful for me, which I knew not.

Psalm 131:1  Yahweh, my heart is not haughty, nor mine eyes lofty: neither do I exercise myself in great matters, or in things too high for me.

 42:4  Hear, I beseech You, and I will speak: I will demand of You, and declare You unto me.

 42:5  I have heard of You by the hearing of the ear: but now mine eye seeth You.

 42:6  Wherefore (Upon which) I abhor myself, and repent (rue) in dust and ashes.

Job repents, he humbles himself, and the dross is removed. The dross that Job did not know was there. The dross is removed by the trial of fire. Job came through the fire.

 42:7  And it was so, that after Yahweh had spoken these words unto Job, Yahweh said to Eliphaz the Temanite, My wrath is kindled against you, and against your two friends: for you have not spoken of Me the thing that is right, as My servant Job hath.

 42:8  Therefore take unto you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to My servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and My servant Job shall pray for you: for him will I accept: lest I deal with you after your folly, in that you have not spoken of Me the thing which is right, like My servant Job.

 42:9  So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went, and did according as Yahweh commanded them: Yahweh also accepted Job.

 42:10  And Yahweh turned the captivity of Job, when he prayed for his friends: also Yahweh gave Job twice as much as he had before.

 42:11  Then came there unto him all his brethren, and all his sisters, and all they that had been of his acquaintance before, and did eat bread with him in his house: and they bemoaned him, and comforted him over all the evil (harm) that Yahweh had brought upon him: every man also gave him a piece of money, and every one an earring of gold.

 42:12  So Yahweh blessed the latter end of Job more than his beginning: for he had fourteen thousand sheep, and six thousand camels, and a thousand yoke of oxen, and a thousand she asses.

James 5:11  Behold, we count them happy which endure. Ye have heard of the patience of Job, and have seen the end of Yahweh; that Yahweh is very pitiful, and of tender mercy.

 42:13  He had also seven sons and three daughters.

 42:14  And he called the name of the first, Jemima; and the name of the second, Kezia; and the name of the third, Kerenhappuch.

 42:15  And in all the land were no women found so fair as the daughters of Job: and their father gave them inheritance among their brethren.

 42:16  After this lived Job an hundred and forty years, and saw his sons, and his sons' sons, even four generations.

 42:17  So Job died, being old and full of days.

Job never cursed Yahweh.


See also David James' Audio Study on The Lessons of Job




By Barry Setterfield

Are Job and Jobab the Same Person?

In Genesis 10: 26-29, Joktan's thirteen sons are listed. Joktan was Peleg's brother, and it was in Peleg's time the continents were divided. Joktan's thirteenth son was Jobab. Later on, in the Bible, we have the earliest completed book of the Bible, Job. Is Job Jobab? The evidence we have found in the Bible says that yes, he is. In the ancient Alexandrian Septuagint, from 300 years before Christ, there is a part of the book of Job that later translators left out. It states that Job lived a total of about 248 years. Although other Jobs and Jobabs are mentioned in the Bible, only someone who lived at approximately the time of Peleg or a little after would have this age expected. Before Peleg (and after Noah's Flood) the age expectancy was more like 400 or 450 years. After the time of Peleg we see a fairly rapid drop in life expectancy from over 400 years (Peleg's father and grandfather, in Genesis 11) to Peleg, 239 years, then Reu at 239 years, then 230 years for Serug, 148 years for Abraham's father, then Abraham's 175 years and finally to Moses' 120 years, which is the maximum life expectancy today.

Read something Bildad said about these lifespans in Job 8:8-9:

    “For enquire, I pray you, of the former age, and prepare thyself to the search of their fathers: (For we are but of yesterday, and know nothing, because our days upon earth are a shadow:) Shall not they teach you, and tell you, and utter words out of their heart?”

In other words, many older people were still around who had very long lifespans, but Bildad knew their own lifespans were not going to be that long.

The book of Job states that Job lived in the land of Uz. We find Uz mentioned in Genesis 10:23. He was the son of Aram, and thus a great great uncle to Jobab. There are other Uz's mentioned in the Bible, so let's look at more evidence.

If Job lived during the couple of hundred years when the continents were 'unzipping' along the Atlantic rift and other places, there would have been mammoth tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanic activity, mountain building and overturning, and other disasters. When we look at the book of Job, we find exactly that mentioned. Here are some examples:

Job 9:5-6 (KJV)
"God removes the mountains and overturns them in His anger;
He shakes the earth out of its place and its core trembles;"

Job 1:16, 19 (KJV)
"Fire has fallen from heaven and burned up the sheep and servants and consumed them… and suddenly a great wind from the wilderness struck the four corners of the house, and it fell on the young men...

During Eliphaz's first answer, he says something interesting:

"By the blast of God they perish, and by the breath of his nostrils are they consumed. The roaring of the lion, and the voice of the fierce lion, and the teeth of the young lions, are broken. the old lion perisheth for lack of prey, and the stout lion's whelps are scattered abroad." (Job 4:9-11 KJV)

We can understand an old lion dying because he cannot catch prey, but when this blast of God also causes the young lions to be scattered away from the pride or the mother, we have to wonder what kind of thing was going on.

The fact that the earth was undergoing a number of startling changes, even in the weather systems, is hinted at in Job 6 and is much more explicit later on. Here is the Job 6:15-18

My brethren have dealt deceitfully as a brook, and as the stream of brooks they pass away; which are blackish by reason of the ice, wherein the snow is hid: What time they wax warm, they vanish: when it is hot, they are consumed out of their place. The paths of their way are turned aside; they go to nothing, and perish.

Many modern translations insert the word 'thawing' before 'ice.' But that word is not there in any of the old manuscripts. What would cause streams to ice over in the Middle East and then not only thaw, but disappear in the heat of summer? There is evidence of an axis tilt of the earth at the time of the splitting of the continents, a tilt even further than what happened at the time of Noah's Flood. The tilt at the time of Peleg (in atomic dating about 65 million years ago, a little more than three thousand years before Christ in terms of orbital years), caused the ice age which crept down over Europe and into the Middle East. This appears to be what Peleg and his contemporaries witnessed.

Later, when God answers Job in 38:29-30, God Himself seems to be referring to the advancing ice:

Out of whose womb came the ice? And the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered it? The waters are hid as a stone, and the face of the deep is frozen.

In one of Job's earlier responses to his friends, in chapter 9, he refers to something God can do and evidently has done in their lifetimes (verses 5-7)

Who removeth the mountains, and they know not; who overturneth them in his anger. Who shaketh the earth out of her place, and the pillars thereof tremble. Who commandeth the sun, and it riseth not; and sealeth up the stars?

Pillars of the earth? Each of our continents is formed around a large granite mass called a craton, or shield area. They extend to depths of ten miles or more. Thus, calling them 'pillars' is not a bad picture. And the fact that whatever is happening is so violent that the cratons themselves are trembling means some kind of massive series of earth movements is taking place. The sun not rising? When the earth wobbles, there are records of very long days in some parts of the world in the past and very long nights in others. Sealing up the stars? Volcanic ash in the air will do that. It is wise to remember that these are not scientific explanations, but descriptions of what had been observed.

In 12:15, Job refers to what appears to be tsunami activity:

Behold, he withholdeth the waters, and they dry up: also he sendeth them out, and they overturn the earth.

If we look back to chapter 7, verse 12, suddenly that has new meaning in light of this:

Am I a sea, or a whale, that you settest a watch over me?

Why a watch on the sea, or a sea monster (a more literal translation)? Because before the tsunami hits, the sea first draws far back, exposing the sea floor. Then the wave hits. If Job/Jobab were living at the time the continents were dividing, during those hundred or two hundred years, the tsunami activity would have been massive and repeated. Men would have to keep watch over the sea; and the evidence of the rapid withdrawal of the water could easily leave some very large creatures stranded, and thus easily seen.

In 14:11, there is another reference which may well be to this kind of wave activity:

As the waters fail from the sea, and the flood decayeth and drieth up...

When Job begins what we have as chapter three, look at what he says:

Lo, mine eye hath seen all this, mine ear hath heard and understood it.

Job and his friends were eyewitnesses not only to the working of the Lord in the lives of men, which is the primary topic of their discussion, but of the catastrophes they were witnessing in their time.

In 14:18-19, we read

And surely the mountain falling cometh to nought, and the rock is removed out of his place. The waters wear the stones: you washest away the things which grow out of the dust of the earth; and you destroyest the hope of man.

In 18:15, Bildad makes reference to brimstone being scattered upon the habitation of a man. That is a direct reference to volcanism.

In chapter 27 there is another interesting comparison Job makes. Look at verses 20-21:

Terrors take hold on him [the rich man] as waters, a tempest stealesth him away in the night. The east wind carrieth him away, and he departeth: and as a storm hurleth him out of his place.

In Job 28:5-6, then 29, we read

As for the earth, out of it cometh bread: and under it is turned up as it were fire. The stones of it are the place of sapphires: and it hath dust of gold.

28:9: He puttest forth his hand upon the rock; he overturneth the mountains by the roots. He cuttest out rivers among the rocks; and his eye seeth every precious thing. He bindeth the floods from overflowing; and that which is hid bringeth he forth to the light.

In other words, these men were witnesses of the fact that magma was producing precious stones and gold. There were places where they could witness large cracks and see the molten, seething, burning rock below.

The evidence mounts. Mentions of cave men in Job 24 and 30 possibly define who they were and places them in this time as well. For all these reasons, and more, we have found ourselves agreeing that Job is indeed the Jobab of Genesis 10.

Comment: When Barry mentioned evidence in the similarity of the names themselves, we received an email disputing that, saying that the two names began with different letters in the Hebrew, so how could they be related except by English translation.

Here is Barry's reply:

There has been a question asked about our comment that the word Job is a contraction or nickname for Jobab in related languages. The questioner doubted this because of the difference the spelling of Jobab and Job in Hebrew. The word Job appears in the Book of Job as well as in Genesis 46:13, Ezekiel 14:14 & 20 and James 5:11. The word Jobab appears in Genesis 10:29; 36:33 & 34; Joshua 11:1 and 1Chronicles 1:44, 45.

In answer to this question, let us first point out that the Alexandrian Septuagint Greek translation, the LXX, gives us a clue here. This translation was made about 280 BC by Jewish scholars who were fluent in both the Hebrew and Greek languages as well as being scholars of the Hebrew Scriptures. Their translation was made from the old paleo-Hebrew text which appeared script-like when compared with the later Hebrew text with is square characters. In all cases where our English word Job is used in the references above, the Greek word “Іωβ” (Iob) appears in the LXX. In all cases where Jobab appears in our English version, the Greek word “Ιωβαβ” (Iobab) is used in the LXX. Remember that the Jewish scholars who translated these verses gave the Greek equivalent of the Hebrew. The result was that the root of both names is “Іωβ” (Iob) in the Greek. As a result, the LXX strongly supports the contention that the word Job is a contraction or nickname of the full name Jobab. If the Jewish translators of the LXX had something different in the paleo-Hebrew text, these two names would certainly have been different in this Greek version.

This leads us to the Hebrew text we call the Masoretic which originated around 100 AD at the Council of Jamnia. This is the text that is usually used for translations into English today. In this version, the word Job appears in the Hebrew as (יו ב ) or (reading from right to left) Yod Vav Bet pronounced “Yowb”. This is also how it appears in Strong’s Concordance under reference number 3102. This concordance comments that this word is a form of Reference 3103 which is Jobab spelt (יובב ) or Yod Vav Bet Bet pronounced “Yowbab”. The root of the word is certainly Yod Vav Bet so the concordance agrees that Jobab and Job are related words. Finally, the other form of Job appears in the Masoretic text as (איו ב ) or Aleph Yod Vav Bet pronounced “Iyowb” as in Strong’s Reference number 347. It can be seen that the root of this word is once more Yod Vav Bet or “Yowb”.

As a consequence, it can be stated that the names Jobab and Job are closely related. Indeed, it was the conviction of Dr. Bernard Northrup, a translator of both Hebrew and Greek Scriptures, that the Jobab of Genesis 10:29 was exactly the same person as the one featured in the Book of Job. We agree with that assessment for both linguistic and scientific reasons.





Below are 3 sources of what the modern churches preach today about the book of Job.

The purpose is to expose the apostasy and perversion of the scriptures, and to educate our people about the truth of our heritage. That we, the anglo-saxon race who are the descendants of ancient Israel, are the people of Abraham's seed and therefore the heirs of the promises of Yahweh. Not the Jews who distort and pervert the scriptures and teach the 'traditions of men'.

The book of Job is Narrative History. Its author is unknown yet it is possible that Job himself wrote it. It is possible that Job is the oldest of any book of the Bible written approximately 2100-1800 B.C. Key personalities of this book include Job, Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite, Zophar the Naamathite, and Elihu the Buzite.

In Job, we see a man who God allows to be directly attacked by Satan. He is an example of faithfulness as he loses everything important to him yet remains faithful to God. Its purpose is to illustrate God’s sovereignty and faithfulness during a time of great suffering.

• In chapters 1-3, God tests Job’s faithfulness through allowing Satan to attack him. God told Satan, “Behold, all that he has is in your power, only do not put forth your hand on him” (1:12). Through Job’s trials, all is lost including his health, his wife even tells him to curse God and commit suicide, but he remains strong and faithful, “Through all this Job did not sin nor did he blame God.” (1:22).

• From chapters 4-37, Job’s friends give him plenty of bad advice, in rounds of discussion. They mistakenly blame his sufferings on his personal sins rather than God testing and growing Job. One of them was half-correct in that God wanted to humble him, but this was only a part of God’s test.

• In chapters 38-42, God speaks to Job and restores him. God knows that Job has received incorrect guidance from his friends, “Who is this that darkens counsel by words without knowledge?” God fittingly declares that humans do not know everything. Then He humbles Job by asking a series of questions that could never be answered by anyone other than Almighty God; for example, “Have you understood the expanse of the earth? Tell Me, if you know all this”. God then brings him to an understanding that believers don’t always know what God is doing in their lives.

In the end, Job answers God by saying, “I have declared that which I did not understand”. God then blessed Job with twice as much as he had before his trials began.

Summary of the Book of Job


Although most of the book consists of the words of Job and his friends, Job himself was not the author. We may be sure that the author was an Israelite, since he (not Job or his friends) frequently uses the Israelite covenant name for God (Yahweh; NIV "the Lord"). In the prologue (chs. 1 - 2; ), divine discourses (38:1 -- 42:6) and epilogue (42:7-17) "Lord" occurs a total of 25 times, while in the rest of the book (chs. 3 - 37) it appears only once (12:9). The scribes and enemies of Christ removed the name of Yahweh and replaced it with Lord, which is the title of the Devil. The name YHWH (Yahweh) has power and the world has been deceived into calling Him Lord. Stop it! His name is Yahweh.

This unknown author probably had access to a tradition (oral or written) about an ancient righteous man who endured great suffering with remarkable "perseverance" (Jas 5:11😉 and without turning against God ( Eze 14:14,20), a tradition he put to use for his own purposes. While the author preserves much of the archaic and non-Israelite flavor in the language of Job and his friends, he also reveals his own style as a writer of wisdom literature. The book's profound insights, its literary structures and the quality of its rhetoric display the author's genius. There were no Israelites yet. Job came before Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.


Two dates are involved: (1) that of Job himself and (2) that of the composition of the book. The latter could be dated anytime from the reign of Solomon to the time of Israel's exile in Babylonia. Although the author was an Israelite, he mentions nothing of Israel's history. He had an account of a non-Israelite sage Job (1:1) who probably lived in the second millennium b.c. (2000-1000). Like the Hebrew patriarchs, Job lived more than 100 years (42:16). He lived 248 years. Like them, his wealth was measured in livestock and servants (1:3), and like them he acted as priest for his family (1:5). The raiding of Sabean (1:15) and Chaldean (1:17) tribes fits the second millennium, as does the mention of "a piece of silver," in 42:11 (see Ge 33:19; Jos 24:32). The discovery of a Targum (Aramaic paraphrase) on Job dating to the first or second century b.c. (the earliest written Targum yet discovered) makes a very late date for composition highly unlikely.

Language and Text

In many places Job is difficult to translate because of its many unusual words and its style. For that reason, modern translations frequently differ widely. Even the pre-Christian translator(s) of Job into Greek (the Septuagint) seems often to have been perplexed. The Septuagint of Job is about 400 lines shorter than the accepted Hebrew text, and it may be that the translator(s) simply omitted lines he (they) did not understand. The early Syriac (Peshitta), Aramaic (Targum) and Latin (Vulgate) translators had similar difficulties.

Setting and Perspective

In the end the adversary is silenced. Job's friends are silenced. Job is silenced. But God is not. And when he speaks, it is to the godly Job that he speaks, bringing the silence of regret for hasty words in days of suffering and the silence of repose in the ways of the Almighty (see 38:1 -- 42:6). Furthermore, as his heavenly friend, God hears Job's intercessions for his associates (42:8-10), and he restores Job's blessed state (42:10-17).

In summary, the author's pastoral word to godly sufferers is that God treasures their righteousness above all else. And Satan knows that if he is to thwart the all-encompassing purpose of God, he must assail the godly righteousness of human beings (see 1:21-22; 2:9-10; 23:8,10; cf. Ge 15:6). At stake in the suffering of the truly godly is the outcome of the titanic struggle between the great adversary and God. At the same time the author gently reminds the godly sufferer that true godly wisdom is to reverently love God more than all his gifts and to trust the wise goodness of God even though his ways are at times past the power of human wisdom to fathom. So here is presented a profound, but painfully practical, drama that wrestles with the wisdom and justice of the Great King's rule. Righteous sufferers must trust in, acknowledge, serve and submit to the omniscient and omnipotent Sovereign, realizing that some suffering is the result of unseen, spiritual conflicts between the kindgom of God and the kingdom of Satan -- between the kingdom of light and the kingdom of darkness (cf. Eph 6:10-18).

Who wrote the book?

The author of the book of Job is unknown. Several suggestions have been put forth as plausible authors: Job himself, who could have best recalled his own words; Elihu, the fourth friend who spoke toward the end of the story; various biblical writers and leaders; or many editors who compiled the material over the years. While there is no definitive answer, it was most likely an eyewitness who recorded the detailed and lengthy conversations found in the book. In Old Testament times, authors sometimes referred to themselves in the third person, so Job’s authorship is a strong possibility.

Who was Job? This wealthy landowner and father is one of the best-known biblical heroes. But we know little more than that he was stripped of everything, without warning, and that his faith was severely tested.

Where are we?

Though the text does not directly identify its setting, internal clues indicate that Job lived during the time of the patriarchs, approximately 2100 to 1900 BC. According to Job 42:16, Job lived an additional 140 years after his tragedies occurred, perhaps to around 210 years total. 248. His long lifespan generally corresponds to that of Terah (Abraham’s father), Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Also, Job’s wealth was measured in livestock (Job 1:3; 42:12), as was Abraham’s (Genesis 12:16). Like the patriarchs, Job used God’s unique title “El Shaddai” (God Almighty). The book of Job does not mention the Mosaic Law; indeed, Job’s daughters were equal heirs with his sons, and Job himself, though not a priest, offered sacrifices—things not possible under the Law (Leviticus 4:10; Numbers 27:8). Though we cannot be certain, Job may have lived during the time of Jacob or shortly thereafter. Incorrect. Job came way before the time of Jacob. Job was a son of Joktan.

Job lived in the land of Uz (Job 1:1), but no one really knows where Uz was located. Scholars believe it was outside of Canaan, near the desert because “the customs, vocabulary, and references to geography and natural history relate to northern Arabia.”

Why is Job so important?

The Israelites categorized Job within their wisdom literature. Because he is their kinsman, a fellow Adamite. The book includes language from ancient legal proceedings, laments, and unique terms not found elsewhere in the Bible. In addition, the majority of Job is written in parallel lines which are indicative of poetry.

The book delves into issues near to the heart of every human who experiences suffering. The prologue provides a fascinating peek into the back story—why God allowed Satan to afflict Job with such pain and turmoil. Then, through a series of dialogues and monologues arranged in a pattern of threes, human wisdom attempts to explain the unexplainable, until finally God Himself speaks.

The final chapters of Job record God’s masterful defense of His majesty and unique “otherness”—of God’s eternal transcendence above creation—in contrast with Job’s humble and ignorant mortality. “Where were you when I laid the foundation of the earth? / Tell Me, if you have understanding” (Job 38:4).

What's the big idea?

Job’s plight of undeserved suffering compels us to ask the age-old question, “Why do bad things happen to good people?” The answer given to Job may or may not satisfy the reader. God allows pain for good reason, but He may never reveal those reasons.

Job did not reject God, but Job did challenge and accuse Him. The Almighty quieted Job decisively when He finally thundered His own perspective on the situation. God did not answer Job’s question of “Why?”—He instead overwhelmed Job and his friends with the truth of His majesty and sovereignty. Job came away with a deeper sense of God’s power and splendor, trusting Him more:

“I have heard of You by the hearing of the ear;
But now my eye sees You;
Therefore I retract,
And I repent in dust and ashes.” (
Job 42:5–6)

How do I apply this?

Pain inevitably afflicts each one of us. Suffering is unavoidable in this life. Will your relationship with God be enough when trials come? Will you trust Him through your suffering? Read Job 38–42. Spend time with the Almighty. Pray for a stronger faith in the powerful Creator described in those chapters. Pray for a right perspective of Him so that you might see your situation through His eyes.

Instead of asking where God is in the midst of your pain, the book of Job affirms God’s control and asks us, “Where are we in our pain? Are we trusting our Creator, even though we cannot understand our circumstances?”