Exodus

EXODUS

Sh'moth

 

Sh'moth refers to the opening words of the book - "These are THE NAMES" in the Hebrew.

"Exodus" is Latin for "the going forth", and was (erroneously) put on this book by the Romish Catholic "church".

 

 

Enoch LXXXIX. 89:10-27. From the Death of Noah to the Exodus.

10 And they began to bring forth beasts of the field and birds, so that there arose different genera: lions, tigers, wolves, dogs, hyenas, wild boars, foxes, squirrels, swine, falcons, vultures, kites, eagles, and ravens; and among them was born a white bull (Abraham). And they began to bite one another; but that white bull which was born amongst them begat a wild ass (Ishmael) and a white bull (Isaac) with it, and the 12 wild asses multiplied. But that bull which was born from him begat a black wild boar (Esau) and a white 13 sheep (Jacob); and the former begat many boars, but that sheep begat twelve sheep (12 tribes of Jacob). And when those twelve sheep had grown, they gave up one of them to the asses (Joseph sold to the Ishmaelites), and those asses again gave up that sheep to the wolves (Egyptians), and that sheep grew up among the wolves. And Yahweh brought the eleven sheep to live with it and to pasture with it among the wolves: and they multiplied and became many flocks of sheep. And the wolves began to fear them, and they oppressed them until they destroyed their little ones, and they cast their young into a river of much water: but those sheep began to 16 cry aloud on account of their little ones, and to complain unto their Elohiym. And a sheep which had been saved from the wolves fled and escaped to the wild asses; and I saw the sheep how they lamented and cried, and besought their Elohiym with all their might, till that Elohiym of the sheep descended at the voice of the sheep from a lofty abode, and came to them and pastured them. And He called that sheep which had escaped the wolves, and spake with it concerning the wolves that it should 18 admonish them not to touch the sheep. And the sheep went to the wolves according to the word of Yahweh, and another sheep met it and went with it (Moses and Aaron), and the two went and entered together into the assembly of those wolves, and spake with them and admonished them not to touch the 19 sheep from henceforth. And thereupon I saw the wolves, and how they oppressed the sheep 20 exceedingly with all their power; and the sheep cried aloud. And Yahweh came to the sheep and they began to smite those wolves: and the wolves began to make lamentation; but the sheep became 21 quiet and forthwith ceased to cry out. And I saw the sheep till they departed from amongst the wolves; but the eyes of the wolves were blinded, and those wolves departed in pursuit of the sheep 22 with all their power. And Yahweh of the sheep went with them, as their leader, and all His sheep 23 followed Him: and his face was dazzling and glorious and terrible to behold. But the wolves 24 began to pursue those sheep till they reached a sea of water. And that sea was divided, and the water stood on this side and on that before their face, and their Elohiym led them and placed Himself between 25 them and the wolves. And as those wolves did not yet see the sheep, they proceeded into the midst of that sea, and the wolves followed the sheep, and [those wolves] ran after them into that sea. 26 And when they saw Yahweh of the sheep, they turned to flee before His face, but that sea gathered itself together, and became as it had been created, and the water swelled and rose till it covered 27 those wolves. And I saw till all the wolves who pursued those sheep perished and were drowned. LXXXIX. 28-40. Israel in the Desert, the Giving of the Law, the Entrance into Palestine.

28 But the sheep escaped from that water and went forth into a wilderness, where there was no water and no grass; and they began to open their eyes and to see; and I saw Yahweh of the sheep 29 pasturing them and giving them water and grass, and that sheep going and leading them. And that 30 sheep ascended to the summit of that lofty rock, and Yahweh of the sheep sent it to them. And after that I saw Yahweh of the sheep who stood before them, and His appearance was great and 31 terrible and majestic, and all those sheep saw Him and were afraid before His face. And they all feared and trembled because of Him, and they cried to that sheep with them [which was amongst 32 them]: ' We are not able to stand before our Elohiym or to behold Him.' And that sheep which led them again ascended to the summit of that rock, but the sheep began to be blinded and to wander 33 from the way which he had showed them, but that sheep wot not thereof. And Yahweh of the sheep was wrathful exceedingly against them, and that sheep discovered it, and went down from the summit of the rock, and came to the sheep, and found the greatest part of them blinded and fallen 34 away. And when they saw it they feared and trembled at its presence, and desired to return to their 35 folds. And that sheep took other sheep with it, and came to those sheep which had fallen away, and began to slay them; and the sheep feared its presence, and thus that sheep brought back those 36 sheep that had fallen away, and they returned to their folds. And I saw in this vision till that sheep became a man and built a house for Yahweh of the sheep, and placed all the sheep in that house. 37 And I saw till this sheep which had met that sheep which led them fell asleep: and I saw till all the great sheep perished and little ones arose in their place, and they came to a pasture, and 38 approached a stream of water. Then that sheep, their leader which had become a man, withdrew 39 from them and fell asleep, and all the sheep sought it and cried over it with a great crying. And I saw till they left off crying for that sheep and crossed that stream of water, and there arose the two sheep as leaders (Joshua and Caleb) in the place of those which had led them and fallen asleep (lit. ' had fallen asleep and led 40 them '). And I saw till the sheep came to a goodly place, and a pleasant and glorious land, and I saw till those sheep were satisfied; and that house stood amongst them in the pleasant land.

 

Travels of the Chosen People

The book of 'going out'.

 

There were three 'lands' concerned in this story of Yahweh's People during this stage of their history when thy grew and developed from a family to a nation.

Ur of the Chaldees, the land Abraham left at the call of God.

The Promised Land, the land promised to Abraham and his descendants (seed).

Egypt, the land which Abraham's grandson Jacob and his family of 70 souls traveled.

 

 

The books name is Shemoth meaning the names, or these are the names.

(The Names) Exodus 1:1  Now these are the names (Shemoth) of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob.

 1:2  Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,

 1:3  Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,

 1:4  Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

 1:5  And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already.

The word soul means person or people.

 1:6  And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.

 1:7  And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them.

Genesis 46:3  And He said, I am God, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation:

Jasher 59:28 And it came to pass after the death of Joseph, all the Egyptians began in those days to rule over the children of Israel, and Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who reigned in his father's stead, took all the laws of Egypt and conducted the whole government of Egypt under his counsel, and he reigned securely over his people.

Jasher 60:1-31

1 And when the year came round, being the seventy-second year from the Israelites going down to Egypt, after the death of Joseph, Zepho, the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, fled from Egypt, he and his men, and they went away.

2 And he came to Africa, which is Dinhabah, to Angeas king of Africa, and Angeas received them with great honor, and he made Zepho the captain of his host.

3 And Zepho found favor in the sight of Angeas and in the sight of his people, and Zepho was captain of the host to Angeas king of Africa for many days.

4 And Zepho enticed Angeas king of Africa to collect all his army to go and fight with the Egyptians, and with the sons of Jacob, and to avenge of them the cause of his brethren.

5 But Angeas would not listen to Zepho to do this thing, for Angeas knew the strength of the sons of Jacob, and what they had done to his army in their warfare with the children of Esau.

6 And Zepho was in those days very great in the sight of Angeas and in the sight of all his people, and he continually enticed them to make war against Egypt, but they would not.

7 And it came to pass in those days there was in the land of Chittim a man in the city of Puzimna, whose name was Uzu, and he became degenerately deified by the children of Chittim, and the man died and had no son, only one daughter whose name was Jania.

8 And the damsel was exceedingly beautiful, comely and intelligent, there was none seen like unto her for beauty and wisdom throughout the land.

9 And the people of Angeas king of Africa saw her and they came and praised her unto him, and Angeas sent to the children of Chittim, and he requested to take her unto himself for a wife, and the people of Chittim consented to give her unto him for a wife.

10 And when the messengers of Angeas were going forth from the land of Chittim to take their journey, behold the messengers of Turnus king of Bibentu came unto Chittim, for Turnus king of Bibentu also sent his messengers to request Jania for him, to take unto himself for a wife, for all his men had also praised her to him, therefore he sent all his servants unto her.

11 And the servants of Turnus came to Chittim, and they asked for Jania, to be taken unto Turnus their king for a wife.

12 And the people of Chittim said unto them, We cannot give her, because Angeas king of Africa desired her to take her unto him for a wife before you came, and that we should give her unto him, and now therefore we cannot do this thing to deprive Angeas of the damsel in order to give her unto Turnus.

13 For we are greatly afraid of Angeas lest he come in battle against us and destroy us, and Turnus your master will not be able to deliver us from his hand.

14 And when the messengers of Turnus heard all the words of the children of Chittim, they turned back to their master and told him all the words of the children of Chittim.

15 And the children of Chittim sent a memorial to Angeas, saying, Behold Turnus has sent for Jania to take her unto him for a wife, and thus have we answered him; and we heard that he has collected his whole army to go to war against thee, and he intends to pass by the road of Sardunia to fight against thy brother Lucus, and after that he will come to fight against thee.

16 And Angeas heard the words of the children of Chittim which they sent to him in the record, and his anger was kindled and he rose up and assembled his whole army and came through the islands of the sea, the road to Sardunia, unto his brother Lucus king of Sardunia.

17 And Niblos, the son of Lucus, heard that his uncle Angeas was coming, and he went out to meet him with a heavy army, and he kissed him and embraced him, and Niblos said unto Angeas, When thou askest my father after his welfare, when I shall go with thee to fight with Turnus, ask of him to make me captain of his host, and Angeas did so, and he came unto his brother and his brother came to meet him, and he asked him after his welfare.

18 And Angeas asked his brother Lucus after his welfare, and to make his son Niblos captain of his host, and Lucus did so, and Angeas and his brother Lucus rose up and they went toward Turnus to battle, and there was with them a great army and a heavy people.

19 And he came in ships, and they came into the province of Ashtorash, and behold Turnus came toward them, for he went forth to Sardunia, and intended to destroy it and afterward to pass on from there to Angeas to fight with him.

20 And Angeas and Lucus his brother met Turnus in the valley of Canopia, and the battle was strong and mighty between them in that place.

21 And the battle was severe upon Lucus king of Sardunia, and all his army fell, and Niblos his son fell also in that battle.

22 And his uncle Angeas commanded his servants and they made a golden coffin for Niblos and they put him into it, and Angeas again waged battle toward Turnus, and Angeas was stronger than he, and he slew him, and he smote all his people with the edge of the sword, and Angeas avenged the cause of Niblos his brother's son and the cause of the army of his brother Lucus.

23 And when Turnus died, the hands of those that survived the battle became weak, and they fled from before Angeas and Lucus his brother.

24 And Angeas and his brother Lucus pursued them unto the highroad, which is between Alphanu and Romah, and they slew the whole army of Turnus with the edge of the sword.

25 And Lucus king of Sardunia commanded his servants that they should make a coffin of brass, and that they should place therein the body of his son Niblos, and they buried him in that place.

26 And they built upon it a high tower there upon the highroad, and they called its name after the name of Niblos unto this day, and they also buried Turnus king of Bibentu there in that place with Niblos.

27 And behold upon the highroad between Alphanu and Romah the grave of Niblos is on one side and the grave of Turnus on the other, and a pavement between them unto this day.

28 And when Niblos was buried, Lucus his father returned with his army to his land Sardunia, and Angeas his brother king of Africa went with his people unto the city of Bibentu, that is the city of Turnus.

29 And the inhabitants of Bibentu heard of his fame and they were greatly afraid of him, and they went forth to meet him with weeping and supplication, and the inhabitants of Bibentu entreated of Angeas not to slay them nor destroy their city; and he did so, for Bibentu was in those days reckoned as one of the cities of the children of Chittim; therefore he did not destroy the city.

30 But from that day forward the troops of the king of Africa would go to Chittim to spoil and plunder it, and whenever they went, Zepho the captain of the host of Angeas would go with them.

31 And it was after this that Angeas turned with his army and they came to the city of Puzimna, and Angeas took thence Jania the daughter of Uzu for a wife and brought her unto his city unto Africa.

Jasher 61:1-25

1 And it came to pass at that time Pharaoh king of Egypt commanded all his people to make for him a strong palace in Egypt.

2 And he also commanded the sons of Jacob to assist the Egyptians in the building, and the Egyptians made a beautiful and elegant palace for a royal habitation, and he dwelt therein and he renewed his government and he reigned securely.

3 And Zebulun the son of Jacob died in that year, that is the seventy-second year of the going down of the Israelites to Egypt, and Zebulun died a hundred and fourteen years old, and was put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

4 And in the seventy-fifth year died his brother Simeon, he was a hundred and twenty years old at his death, and he was also put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

5 And Zepho the son of Eliphaz the son of Esau, captain of the host to Angeas king of Dinhabah, was still daily enticing Angeas to prepare for battle to fight with the sons of Jacob in Egypt, and Angeas was unwilling to do this thing, for his servants had related to him all the might of the sons of Jacob, what they had done unto them in their battle with the children of Esau.

6 And Zepho was in those days daily enticing Angeas to fight with the sons of Jacob in those days.

7 And after some time Angeas hearkened to the words of Zepho and consented to him to fight with the sons of Jacob in Egypt, and Angeas got all his people in order, a people numerous as the sand which is upon the sea shore, and he formed his resolution to go to Egypt to battle.

8 And amongst the servants of Angeas was a youth fifteen years old, Balaam the son of Beor was his name and the youth was very wise and understood the art of witchcraft.

9 And Angeas said unto Balaam, Conjure for us, I pray thee, with the witchcraft, that we may know who will prevail in this battle to which we are now proceeding.

10 And Balaam ordered that they should bring him wax, and he made thereof the likeness of chariots and horsemen representing the army of Angeas and the army of Egypt, and he put them in the cunningly prepared waters that he had for that purpose, and he took in his hand the boughs of myrtle trees, and he exercised his cunning, and he joined them over the water, and there appeared unto him in the water the resembling images of the hosts of Angeas falling before the resembling images of the Egyptians and the sons of Jacob.

11 And Balaam told this thing to Angeas, and Angeas despaired and did not arm himself to go down to Egypt to battle, and he remained in his city.

12 And when Zepho the son of Eliphaz saw that Angeas despaired of going forth to battle with the Egyptians, Zepho fled from Angeas from Africa, and he went and came unto Chittim.

13 And all the people of Chittim received him with great honor, and they hired him to fight their battles all the days, and Zepho became exceedingly rich in those days, and the troops of the king of Africa still spread themselves in those days, and the children of Chittim assembled and went to Mount Cuptizia on account of the troops of Angeas king of Africa, who were advancing upon them.

14 And it was one day that Zepho lost a young heifer, and he went to seek it, and he heard it lowing round about the mountain.

15 And Zepho went and he saw and behold there was a large cave at the bottom of the mountain, and there was a great stone there at the entrance of the cave, and Zepho split the stone and he came into the cave and he looked and behold, a large animal was devouring the ox; from the middle upward it resembled a man, and from the middle downward it resembled an animal, and Zepho rose up against the animal and slew it with his swords.

16 And the inhabitants of Chittim heard of this thing, and they rejoiced exceedingly, and they said, What shall we do unto this man who has slain this animal that devoured our cattle?

17 And they all assembled to consecrate one day in the year to him, and they called the name thereof Zepho after his name, and they brought unto him drink offerings year after year on that day, and they brought unto him gifts.

18 At that time Jania the daughter of Uzu wife of king Angeas became ill, and her illness was heavily felt by Angeas and his officers, and Angeas said unto his wise men, What shall I do to Jania and how shall I heal her from her illness? And his wise men said unto him, Because the air of our country is not like the air of the land of Chittim, and our water is not like their water, therefore from this has the queen become ill.

19 For through the change of air and water she became ill, and also because in her country she drank only the water which came from Purmah, which her ancestors had brought up with bridges.

20 And Angeas commanded his servants, and they brought unto him in vessels of the waters of Purmah belonging to Chittim, and they weighed those waters with all the waters of the land of Africa, and they found those waters lighter than the waters of Africa.

21 And Angeas saw this thing, and he commanded all his officers to assemble the hewers of stone in thousands and tens of thousands, and they hewed stone without number, and the builders came and they built an exceedingly strong bridge, and they conveyed the spring of water from the land of Chittim unto Africa, and those waters were for Jania the queen and for all her concerns, to drink from and to bake, wash and bathe therewith, and also to water therewith all seed from which food can be obtained, and all fruit of the ground.

22 And the king commanded that they should bring of the soil of Chittim in large ships, and they also brought stones to build therewith, and the builders built palaces for Jania the queen, and the queen became healed of her illness.

23 And at the revolution of the year the troops of Africa continued coming to the land of Chittim to plunder as usual, and Zepho son of Eliphaz heard their report, and he gave orders concerning them and he fought with them, and they fled before him, and he delivered the land of Chittim from them.

24 And the children of Chittim saw the valor of Zepho, and the children of Chittim resolved and they made Zepho king over them, and he became king over them, and whilst he reigned they went to subdue the children of Tubal, and all the surrounding islands.

25 And their king Zepho went at their head and they made war with Tubal and the islands, and they subdued them, and when they returned from the battle they renewed his government for him, and they built for him a very large palace for his royal habitation and seat, and they made a large throne for him, and Zepho reigned over the whole land of Chittim and over the land of Italia fifty years.

Jasher 62:1-27

1 In that year, being the seventy-ninth year of the Israelites going down to Egypt, died Reuben the son of Jacob, in the land of Egypt; Reuben was a hundred and twenty-five years old when he died, and they put him into a coffin, and he was given into the hands of his children.

2 And in the eightieth year died his brother Dan; he was a hundred and twenty years at his death, and he was also put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

3 And in that year died Chusham king of Edom, and after him reigned Hadad the son of Bedad, for thirty-five years; and in the eighty-first year died Issachar the son of Jacob, in Egypt, and Issachar was a hundred and twenty-two years old at his death, and he was put into a coffin in Egypt, and given into the hands of his children.

4 And in the eighty-second year died Asher his brother, he was a hundred and twenty-three years old at his death, and he was placed in a coffin in Egypt, and given into the hands of his children.

5 And in the eighty-third year died Gad, he was a hundred and twenty-five years old at his death, and he was put into a coffin in Egypt, and given into the hands of his children.

6 And it came to pass in the eighty-fourth year, that is the fiftieth year of the reign of Hadad, son of Bedad, king of Edom, that Hadad assembled all the children of Esau, and he got his whole army in readiness, about four hundred thousand men, and he directed his way to the land of Moab, and he went to fight with Moab and to make them tributary to him.

7 And the children of Moab heard this thing, and they were very much afraid, and they sent to the children of Midian to assist them in fighting with Hadad, son of Bedad, king of Edom.

8 And Hadad came unto the land of Moab, and Moab and the children of Midian went out to meet him, and they placed themselves in battle array against him in the field of Moab.

9 And Hadad fought with Moab, and there fell of the children of Moab and the children of Midian many slain ones, about two hundred thousand men.

10 And the battle was very severe upon Moab, and when the children of Moab saw that the battle was sore upon them, they weakened their hands and turned their backs, and left the children of Midian to carry on the battle.

11 And the children of Midian knew not the intentions of Moab, but they strengthened themselves in battle and fought with Hadad and all his host, and all Midian fell before him.

12 And Hadad smote all Midian with a heavy smiting, and he slew them with the edge of the sword, he left none remaining of those who came to assist Moab.

13 And when all the children of Midian had perished in battle, and the children at Moab had escaped, Hadad made all Moab at that time tributary to him, and they became under his hand, and they gave a yearly tax as it was ordered, and Hadad turned and went back to his land.

14 And at the revolution of the year, when the rest of the people of Midian that were in the land heard that all their brethren had fallen in battle with Hadad for the sake of Moab, because the children of Moab had turned their backs in battle and left Midian to fight, then five of the princes of Midian resolved with the rest of their brethren who remained in their land, to fight with Moab to avenge the cause of their brethren.

15 And the children of Midian sent to all their brethren the children of the east, and all their brethren, all the children of Keturah came to assist Midian to fight with Moab.

16 And the children of Moab heard this thing, and they were greatly afraid that all the children of the east had assembled together against them for battle, and they the children of Moab sent a memorial to the land of Edom to Hadad the son of Bedad, saying,

17 Come now unto us and assist us and we will smite Midian, for they all assembled together and have come against us with all their brethren the children of the east to battle, to avenge the cause of Midian that fell in battle.

18 And Hadad, son of Bedad, king of Edom, went forth with his whole army and went to the land of Moab to fight with Midian, and Midian and the children of the east fought with Moab in the field of Moab, and the battle was very fierce between them.

19 And Hadad smote all the children of Midian and the children of the east with the edge of the sword, and Hadad at that time delivered Moab from the hand of Midian, and those that remained of Midian and of the children of the east fled before Hadad and his army, and Hadad pursued them to their land, and smote them with a very heavy slaughter, and the slain fell in the road.

20 And Hadad delivered Moab from the hand of Midian, for all the children of Midian had fallen by the edge of the sword, and Hadad turned and went back to his land.

21 And from that day forth, the children of Midian hated the children of Moab, because they had fallen in battle for their sake, and there was a great and mighty enmity between them all the days.

22 And all that were found of Midian in the road of the land of Moab perished by the sword of Moab, and all that were found of Moab in the road of the land of Midian, perished by the sword of Midian; thus did Midian unto Moab and Moab unto Midian for many days.

23 And it came to pass at that time that Judah the son of Jacob died in Egypt, in the eighty-sixth year of Jacob's going down to Egypt, and Judah was a hundred and twenty-nine years old at his death, and they embalmed him and put him into a coffin, and he was given into the hands of his children.

24 And in the eighty-ninth year died Naphtali, he was a hundred and thirty-two years old, and he was put into a coffin and given into the hands of his children.

25 And it came to pass in the ninety-first year of the Israelites going down to Egypt, that is in the thirtieth year of the reign of Zepho the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, over the children of Chittim, the children of Africa came upon the children of Chittim to plunder them as usual, but they had not come upon them for these thirteen years.

26 And they came to them in that year, and Zepho the son of Eliphaz went out to them with some of his men and smote them desperately, and the troops of Africa fled from before Zepho and the slain fell before him, and Zepho and his men pursued them, going on and smiting them until they were near unto Africa.

27 And Angeas king of Africa heard the thing which Zepho had done, and it vexed him exceedingly, and Angeas was afraid of Zepho all the days.

Jasher 63:1-35

1 And in the ninety-third year died Levi, the son of Jacob, in Egypt, and Levi was a hundred and thirty-seven years old when he died, and they put him into a coffin and he was given into the hands of his children.

2 And it came to pass after the death of Levi, when all Egypt saw that the sons of Jacob the brethren of Joseph were dead, all the Egyptians began to afflict the children of Jacob, and to embitter their lives from that day unto the day of their going forth from Egypt, and they took from their hands all the vineyards and fields which Joseph had given unto them, and all the elegant houses in which the people of Israel lived, and all the fat of Egypt, the Egyptians took all from the sons of Jacob in those days.

3 And the hand of all Egypt became more grievous in those days against the children of Israel, and the Egyptians injured the Israelites until the children of Israel were wearied of their lives on account of the Egyptians.

4 And it came to pass in those days, in the hundred and second year of Israel's going down to Egypt, that Pharaoh king of Egypt died, and Melol his son reigned in his stead, and all the mighty men of Egypt and all that generation which knew Joseph and his brethren died in those days.

5 And another generation rose up in their stead, which had not known the sons of Jacob and all the good which they had done to them, and all their might in Egypt.

6 Therefore all Egypt began from that day forth to embitter the lives of the sons of Jacob, and to afflict them with all manner of hard labor, because they had not known their ancestors who had delivered them in the days of the famine.

7 And this was also from Yahweh, for the children of Israel, to benefit them in their latter days, in order that all the children of Israel might know Yahweh their God.

8 And in order to know the signs and mighty wonders which Yahweh would do in Egypt on account of His people Israel, in order that the children of Israel might fear Yahweh God of their ancestors, and walk in all His ways, they and their seed after them all the days.

9 Melol was twenty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned ninety-four years, and all Egypt called his name Pharaoh after the name of his father, as it was their custom to do to every king who reigned over them in Egypt.

10 At that time all the troops of Angeas king of Africa went forth to spread along the land of Chittim as usual for plunder.

11 And Zepho the son of Eliphaz the son of Esau heard their report, and he went forth to meet them with his army, and he fought them there in the road.

12 And Zepho smote the troops of the king of Africa with the edge of the sword, and left none remaining of them, and not even one returned to his master in Africa.

13 And Angeas heard of this which Zepho the son of Eliphaz had done to all his troops, that he had destroyed them, and Angeas assembled all his troops, all the men of the land of Africa, a people numerous like the sand by the sea shore.

14 And Angeas sent to Lucus his brother, saying, Come to me with all thy men and help me to smite Zepho and all the children of Chittim who have destroyed my men, and Lucus came with his whole army, a very great force, to assist Angeas his brother to fight with Zepho and the children of Chittim.

15 And Zepho and the children of Chittim heard this thing, and they were greatly afraid and a great terror fell upon their hearts.

16 And Zepho also sent a letter to the land of Edom to Hadad the son of Bedad king of Edom and to all the children of Esau, saying,

17 I have heard that Angeas king of Africa is coming to us with his brother for battle against us, and we are greatly afraid of him, for his army is very great, particularly as he comes against us with his brother and his army likewise.

18 Now therefore come you also up with me and help me, and we will fight together against Angeas and his brother Lucus, and you will save us out of their hands, but if not, know ye that we shall all die.

19 And the children of Esau sent a letter to the children of Chittim and to Zepho their king, saying, We cannot fight against Angeas and his people for a covenant of peace has been between us these many years, from the days of Bela the first king, and from the days of Joseph the son of Jacob king of Egypt, with whom we fought on the other side of Jordan when he buried his father.

20 And when Zepho heard the words of his brethren the children of Esau he refrained from them, and Zepho was greatly afraid of Angeas.

21 And Angeas and Lucus his brother arrayed all their forces, about eight hundred thousand men, against the children of Chittim.

22 And all the children of Chittim said unto Zepho, Pray for us to the God of thy ancestors, peradventure He may deliver us from the hand of Angeas and his army, for we have heard that He is a great God and that He delivers all who trust in Him.

23 And Zepho heard their words, and Zepho sought Yahweh and he said,

24 0 Yahweh God of Abraham and Isaac my ancestors, this day I know that thou art a true God, and all the gods of the nations are vain and useless.

25 Remember now this day unto me thy covenant with Abraham our father, which our ancestors related unto us, and do graciously with me this day for the sake of Abraham and Isaac our fathers, and save me and the children of Chittim from the hand of the king of Africa who comes against us for battle.

26 And Yahweh hearkened to the voice of Zepho, and He had regard for him on account of Abraham and Isaac, and Yahweh delivered Zepho and the children of Chittim from the hand of Angeas and his people.

27 And Zepho fought Angeas king of Africa and all his people on that day, and Yahweh gave all the people of Angeas into the hands of the children of Chittim.

28 And the battle was severe upon Angeas, and Zepho smote all the men of Angeas and Lucus his brother, with the edge of the sword, and there fell from them unto the evening of that day about four hundred thousand men.

29 And when Angeas saw that all his men perished, he sent a letter to all the inhabitants of Africa to come to him, to assist him in the battle, and he wrote in the letter, saying, All who are found in Africa let them come unto me from ten years old and upward; let them all come unto me, and behold if he comes not he shall die, and all that he has, with his whole household, the king will take.

30 And all the rest of the inhabitants of Africa were terrified at the words of Angeas, and there went out of the city about three hundred thousand men and boys, from ten years upward, and they came to Angeas.

31 And at the end of ten days Angeas renewed the battle against Zepho and the children of Chittim, and the battle was very great and strong between them.

32 And from the army of Angeas and Lucus, Zepho sent many of the wounded unto his hand, about two thousand men, and Sosiphtar the captain of the host of Angeas fell in that battle.

33 And when Sosiphtar had fallen, the African troops turned their backs to flee, and they fled, and Angeas and Lucus his brother were with them.

34 And Zepho and the children of Chittim pursued them, and they smote them still heavily on the road, about two hundred men, and they pursued Azdrubal the son of Angeas who had fled with his father, and they smote twenty of his men in the road, and Azdrubal escaped from the children of Chittim, and they did not slay him.

35 And Angeas and Lucus his brother fled with the rest of their men, and they escaped and came into Africa with terror and consternation, and Angeas feared all the days lest Zepho the son of Eliphaz should go to war with him.

Jasher 64:1-50

1 And Balaam the son of Beor was at that time with Angeas in the battle, and when he saw that Zepho prevailed over Angeas, he fled from there and came to Chittim.

2 And Zepho and the children of Chittim received him with great honor, for Zepho knew Balaam's wisdom, and Zepho gave unto Balaam many gifts and he remained with him.

3 And when Zepho had returned from the war, he commanded all the children of Chittim to be numbered who had gone into battle with him, and behold not one was missed.

4 And Zepho rejoiced at this thing, and he renewed his kingdom, and he made a feast to all his subjects.

5 But Zepho remembered not Yahweh and considered not that Yahweh had helped him in battle, and that He had delivered him and his people from the hand of the king of Africa, but still walked in the ways of the children of Chittim and the wicked children of Esau, to serve other gods which his brethren the children of Esau had taught him; it is therefore said, From the wicked goes forth wickedness.

6 And Zepho reigned over all the children of Chittim securely, but knew not Yahweh who had delivered him and all his people from the hand of the king of Africa; and the troops of Africa came no more to Chittim to plunder as usual, for they knew of the power of Zepho who had smitten them all at the edge of the sword, so Angeas was afraid of Zepho the son of Eliphaz, and of the children of Chittim all the days.

7 At that time when Zepho had returned from the war, and when Zepho had seen how he prevailed over all the people of Africa and had smitten them in battle at the edge of the sword, then Zepho advised with the children of Chittim, to go to Egypt to fight with the sons of Jacob and with Pharaoh king of Egypt.

8 For Zepho heard that the mighty men of Egypt were dead and that Joseph and his brethren the sons at Jacob were dead, and that all their children the children of Israel remained in Egypt.

9 And Zepho considered to go to fight against them and all Egypt, to avenge the cause of his brethren the children of Esau, whom Joseph with his brethren and all Egypt had smitten in the land of Canaan, when they went up to bury Jacob in Hebron.

10 And Zepho sent messengers to Hadad, son of Bedad, king of Edom, and to all his brethren the children of Esau, saying,

11 Did you not say that you would not fight against the king of Africa for he is a member of your covenant? behold I fought with him and smote him and all his people.

12 Now therefore I have resolved to fight against Egypt and the children of Jacob who are there, and I will be revenged of them for what Joseph, his brethren and ancestors did to us in the land of Canaan when they went up to bury their father in Hebron.

13 Now then if you are willing to come to me to assist me in fighting against them and Egypt, then shall we avenge the cause of our brethren.

14 And the children of Esau hearkened to the words of Zepho, and the children of Esau gathered themselves together, a very great people, and they went to assist Zepho and the children of Chittim in battle.

15 And Zepho sent to all the children of the east and to all the children of Ishmael with words like unto these, and they gathered themselves and came to the assistance of Zepho and the children of Chittim in the war upon Egypt.

16 And all these kings, the king of Edom and the children of the east, and all the children of Ishmael, and Zepho the king of Chittim went forth and arrayed all their hosts in Hebron.

17 And the camp was very heavy, extending in length a distance of three days' journey, a people numerous as the sand upon the sea shore which can not be counted.

18 And all these kings and their hosts went down and came against all Egypt in battle, and encamped together in the valley of Pathros.

19 And all Egypt heard their report, and they also gathered themselves together, all the people of the land of Egypt, and of all the cities belonging to Egypt, about three hundred thousand men.

20 And the men of Egypt sent also to the children of Israel who were in those days in the land of Goshen, to come to them in order to go and fight with these kings.

21 And the men of Israel assembled and were about one hundred and fifty men, and they went into battle to assist the Egyptians.

22 And the men of Israel and of Egypt went forth, about three hundred thousand men and one hundred and fifty men, and they went toward these kings to battle, and they placed themselves from without the land of Goshen opposite Pathros.

23 And the Egyptians believed not in Israel to go with them in their camps together for battle, for all the Egyptians said, Perhaps the children of Israel will deliver us into the hand of the children of Esau and Ishmael, for they are their brethren.

24 And all the Egyptians said unto the children of Israel, Remain you here together in your stand and we will go and fight against the children of Esau and Ishmael, and if these kings should prevail over us, then come you altogether upon them and assist us, and the children of Israel did so.

25 And Zepho the son of Eliphaz the son of Esau king of Chittim, and Hadad the son of Bedad king of Edom, and all their camps, and all the children of the east, and children of Ishmael, a people numerous as sand, encamped together in the valley of Pathros opposite Tachpanches.

26 And Balaam the son of Beor the Syrian was there in the camp of Zepho, for he came with the children of Chittim to the battle, and Balaam was a man highly honored in the eyes of Zepho and his men.

27 And Zepho said unto Balaam, Try by divination for us that we may know who will prevail in the battle, we or the Egyptians.

28 And Balaam rose up and tried the art of divination, and he was skillful in the knowledge of it, but he was confused and the work was destroyed in his hand.

29 And he tried it again but it did not succeed, and Balaam despaired of it and left it and did not complete it, for this was from Yahweh, in order to cause Zepho and his people to fall into the hand of the children of Israel, who had trusted in Yahweh, the God of their ancestors, in their war.

30 And Zepho and Hadad put their forces in battle array, and all the Egyptians went alone against them, about three hundred thousand men, and not one man of Israel was with them.

31 And all the Egyptians fought with these kings opposite Pathros and Tachpanches, and the battle was severe against the Egyptians.

32 And the kings were stronger than the Egyptians in that battle, and about one hundred and eighty men of Egypt fell on that day, and about thirty men of the forces of the kings, and all the men of Egypt fled from before the kings, so the children of Esau and Ishmael pursued the Egyptians, continuing to smite them unto the place where was the camp of the children of Israel.

33 And all the Egyptians cried unto the children of Israel, saying, Hasten to us and assist us and save us from the hand of Esau, Ishmael and the children of Chittim.

34 And the hundred and fifty men of the children of Israel ran from their station to the camps of these kings, and the children of Israel cried unto Yahweh their God to deliver them.

35 And Yahweh hearkened to Israel, and Yahweh gave all the men of the kings into their hand, and the children of Israel fought against these kings, and the children of Israel smote about four thousand of the kings' men.

36 And Yahweh threw a great consternation in the camp of the kings, so that the fear of the children of Israel fell upon them.

37 And all the hosts of the kings fled from before the children of Israel and the children of Israel pursued them continuing to smite them unto the borders of the land of Cush.

38 And the children of Israel slew of them in the road yet two thousand men, and of the children of Israel not one fell.

39 And when the Egyptians saw that the children of Israel had fought with such few men with the kings, and that the battle was so very severe against them,

40 All the Egyptians were greatly afraid of their lives on account of the strong battle, and all Egypt fled, every man hiding himself from the arrayed forces, and they hid themselves in the road, and they left the Israelites to fight.

41 And the children of Israel inflicted a terrible blow upon the kings' men, and they returned from them after they had driven them to the border of the land of Cush.

42 And all Israel knew the thing which the men of Egypt had done to them, that they had fled from them in battle, and had left them to fight alone.

43 So the children of Israel also acted with cunning, and as the children of Israel returned from battle, they found some of the Egyptians in the road and smote them there.

44 And whilst they slew them, they said unto them these words:

45 Wherefore did you go from us and leave us, being a few people, to fight against these kings who had a great people to smite us, that you might thereby deliver your own souls?

46 And of some which the Israelites met on the road, they the children of Israel spoke to each other, saying, Smite, smite, for he is an Ishmaelite, or an Edomite, or from the children of Chittim, and they stood over him and slew him, and they knew that he was an Egyptian.

47 And the children of Israel did these things cunningly against the Egyptians, because they had deserted them in battle and had fled from them.

48 And the children of Israel slew of the men of Egypt in the road in this manner, about two hundred men.

49 And all the men of Egypt saw the evil which the children of Israel had done to them, so all Egypt feared greatly the children of Israel, for they had seen their great power, and that not one man of them had fallen.

50 So all the children of Israel returned with joy on their road to Goshen, and the rest of Egypt returned each man to his place.

 1:8  Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph.

The Pharaohs that were kings up to and during the time of Joseph were Hamites. Kinsmen of the children of Israel who were Shemites, Shem the brother of Ham.

Around this time the Hamites (Egyptians) were mingling with Hittites (Canaanites). Hittites also mingled with the descendants of Cain. This Pharaoh that did not know Joseph was a Canaanite.

This Pharaoh was a Hyksos king. A cruel people that took over the Hamites (Egyptians).

Acts 7:17-18

17  But when the time of the promise drew nigh, which God had sworn to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt,

18  Till another king arose, which knew not Joseph.

Jasher 65:1-2

1 And it came to pass after these things, that all the counsellors of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and all the elders of Egypt assembled and came before the king and bowed down to the ground, and they sat before him.

2 And the counsellors and elders of Egypt spoke unto the king, saying,

 1:9  And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we:

Jasher 65:4 And thou hast also seen their strong power, for this power is unto them from their fathers, for but a few men stood up against a people numerous as the sand, and smote them at the edge of the sword, and of themselves not one has fallen, so that if they had been numerous they would then have utterly destroyed them.

 1:10  Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land.

Acts 7:19  The same (Hyksos King) dealt subtilly with our kindred, and evil entreated our fathers, so that they cast out their young children, to the end they might not live.

Psalm 83:3-4

3  They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones.

4  They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.

Jasher 65:7-22

7 So the king answered the elders of Egypt and said unto them, This is the plan advised against Israel, from which we will not depart,

8 Behold in the land are Pithom and Rameses, cities unfortified against battle, it behooves you and us to build them, and to fortify them.

9 Now therefore go you also and act cunningly toward them, and proclaim a voice in Egypt and in Goshen at the command of the king, saying,

10 All ye men of Egypt, Goshen, Pathros and all their inhabitants! the king has commanded us to build Pithom and Rameses, and to fortify them for battle; who amongst you of all Egypt, of the children of Israel and of all the inhabitants of the cities, are willing to build with us, shall each have his wages given to him daily at the king's order; so go you first and do cunningly, and gather yourselves and come to Pithom and Rameses to build.

11 And whilst you are building, cause a proclamation of this kind to be made throughout Egypt every day at the command of the king.

12 And when some of the children of Israel shall come to build with you, you shall give them their wages daily for a few days.

13 And after they shall have built with you for their daily hire, drag yourselves away from them daily one by one in secret, and then you shall rise up and become their task-masters and officers, and you shall leave them afterward to build without wages, and should they refuse, then force them with all your might to build.

14 And if you do this it will be well with us to strengthen our land against the children of Israel, for on account of the fatigue of the building and the work, the children of Israel will decrease, because you will deprive them from their wives day by day.

15 And all the elders of Egypt heard the counsel of the king, and the counsel seemed good in their eyes and in the eyes of the servants of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all Egypt, and they did according to the word of the king.

16 And all the servants went away from the king, and they caused a proclamation to be made in all Egypt, in Tachpanches and in Goshen, and in all the cities which surrounded Egypt, saying,

17 You have seen what the children of Esau and Ishmael did to us, who came to war against us and wished to destroy us.

18 Now therefore the king commanded us to fortify the land, to build the cities Pithom and Rameses, and to fortify them for battle, if they should again come against us.

19 Whosoever of you from all Egypt and from the children of Israel will come to build with us, he shall have his daily wages given by the king, as his command is unto us.

20 And when Egypt and all the children of Israel heard all that the servants of Pharaoh had spoken, there came from the Egyptians, and the children of Israel to build with the servants of Pharaoh, Pithom and Rameses, but none of the children of Levi came with their brethren to build.

21 And all the servants of Pharaoh and his princes came at first with deceit to build with all Israel as daily hired laborers, and they gave to Israel their daily hire at the beginning.

22 And the servants of Pharaoh built with all Israel, and were employed in that work with Israel for a month.

 1:11  Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses.

The construction on the two cities was an involved plot to subjugate the children of Israel. These were unfortified cities, and the construction was primarily of walls and fortification around the cities. The book of Jasher details this.

Jasher 65:23-30

23 And at the end of the month, all the servants of Pharaoh began to withdraw secretly from the people of Israel daily.

24 And Israel went on with the work at that time, but they then received their daily hire, because some of the men of Egypt were yet carrying on the work with Israel at that time; therefore the Egyptians gave Israel their hire in those days, in order that they, the Egyptians their fellow-workmen, might also take the pay for their labor.

25 And at the end of a year and four months all the Egyptians had withdrawn from the children of Israel, so that the children of Israel were left alone engaged in the work.

26 And after all the Egyptians had withdrawn from the children of Israel they returned and became oppressors and officers over them, and some of them stood over the children of Israel as task masters, to receive from them all that they gave them for the pay of their labor.

27 And the Egyptians did in this manner to the children of Israel day by day, in order to afflict in their work.

28 And all the children of Israel were alone engaged in the labor, and the Egyptians refrained from giving any pay to the children of Israel from that time forward.

29 And when some of the men of Israel refused to work on account of the wages not being given to them, then the exactors and the servants of Pharaoh oppressed them and smote them with heavy blows, and made them return by force, to labor with their brethren; thus did all the Egyptians unto the children of Israel all the days.

30 And all the children of Israel were greatly afraid of the Egyptians in this matter, and all the children of Israel returned and worked alone without pay.

 1:12  But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel.

Jasher 65:32-34

32 But the children of Levi were not employed in the work with their brethren of Israel, from the beginning unto the day of their going forth from Egypt.

33 For all the children of Levi knew that the Egyptians had spoken all these words with deceit to the Israelites, therefore the children of Levi refrained from approaching to the work with their brethren.

34 And the Egyptians did not direct their attention to make the children of Levi work afterward, since they had not been with their brethren at the beginning, therefore the Egyptians left them alone.

Jasher 66:1-24

1 At that time died Hadad the son of Bedad king of Edom, and Samlah from Mesrekah, from the country of the children of the east, reigned in his place.

2 In the thirteenth year of the reign of Pharaoh king of Egypt, which was the hundred and twenty-fifth year of the Israelites going down into Egypt, Samlah had reigned over Edom eighteen years.

3 And when he reigned, he drew forth his hosts to go and fight against Zepho the son of Eliphaz and the children of Chittim, because they had made war against Angeas king of Africa, and they destroyed his whole army.

4 But he did not engage with him, for the children of Esau prevented him, saying, He was their brother, so Samlah listened to the voice of the children of Esau, and turned back with all his forces to the land of Edom, and did not proceed to fight against Zepho the son of Eliphaz.

5 And Pharaoh king of Egypt heard this thing, saying, Samlah king of Edom has resolved to fight the children of Chittim, and afterward he will come to fight against Egypt.

6 And when the Egyptians heard this matter, they increased the labor upon the children of Israel, lest the Israelites should do unto them as they did unto them in their war with the children of Esau in the days of Hadad.

7 So the Egyptians said unto the children of Israel, Hasten and do your work, and finish your task, and strengthen the land, lest the children of Esau your brethren should come to fight against us, for on your account will they come against us.

8 And the children of Israel did the work of the men of Egypt day by day, and the Egyptians afflicted the children of Israel in order to lessen them in the land.

9 But as the Egyptians increased the labor upon the children of Israel, so did the children of Israel increase and multiply, and all Egypt was filled with the children of Israel.

10 And in the hundred and twenty-fifth year of Israel's going down into Egypt, all the Egyptians saw that their counsel did not succeed against Israel, but that they increased and grew, and the land of Egypt and the land of Goshen were filled with the children of Israel.

11 So all the elders of Egypt and its wise men came before the king and bowed down to him and sat before him.

12 And all the elders of Egypt and the wise men thereof said unto the king, May the king live forever; thou didst counsel us the counsel against the children of Israel, and we did unto them according to the word of the king.

13 But in proportion to the increase of the labor so do they increase and grow in the land, and behold the whole country is filled with them.

14 Now therefore our lord and king, the eyes of all Egypt are upon thee to give them advice with thy wisdom, by which they may prevail over Israel to destroy them, or to diminish them from the land; and the king answered them saying, Give you counsel in this matter that we may know what to do unto them.

15 And an officer, one of the king's counsellors, whose name was Job, from Mesopotamia, in the land of Uz, answered the king, saying,

16 If it please the king, let him hear the counsel of his servant; and the king said unto him, Speak.

17 And Job spoke before the king, the princes, and before all the elders of Egypt, saying,

18 Behold the counsel of the king which he advised formerly respecting the labor of the children of Israel is very good, and you must not remove from them that labor forever.

19 But this is the advice counselled by which you may lessen them, if it seems good to the king to afflict them.

20 Behold we have feared war for a long time, and we said, When Israel becomes fruitful in the land, they will drive us from the land if a war should take place.

21 If it please the king, let a royal decree go forth, and let it be written in the laws of Egypt which shall not be revoked, that every male child born to the Israelites, his blood shall be spilled upon the ground.

22 And by your doing this, when all the male children of Israel shall have died, the evil of their wars will cease; let the king do so and send for all the Hebrew midwives and order them in this matter to execute it; so the thing pleased the king and the princes, and the king did according to the word of Job.

23 And the king sent for the Hebrew midwives to be called, of which the name of one was Shephrah, and the name of the other Puah.

24 And the midwives came before the king, and stood in his presence.

 1:13  And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour (cruelty):

The Hyksos which took over Egypt were doing this to Israel.

 1:14  And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour.

Jasher 65:37-38

37 And the children of Israel called Melol the king of Egypt "Meror, king of Egypt," because in his days the Egyptians had embittered their lives with all manner of work.

38 And all the work wherein the Egyptians made the children of Israel labor, they exacted with rigor, in order to afflict the children of Israel, but the more they afflicted them, the more they increased and grew, and the Egyptians were grieved because of the children of Israel.

 1:15  And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah:

 1:16  And he said, When you do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then you shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.

Jasher 66:26 But if you will not do this thing, then will I burn you up and all your houses with fire.

 1:17  But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive.

 1:18  And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have you done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?   

 1:19  And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere (before) the midwives come in unto them.

The midwives obeyed Yahweh rather than the current government.

 1:20  Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty.

Proverbs 11:18  The wicked worketh a deceitful work: but to him that soweth righteousness shall be a sure reward.

 1:21  And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that He made them houses.

Yahweh blessed the midwives. Gave them houses does not mean physical dwellings, it means families. He made their households prosperous.

 1:22  And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born you shall cast into the river, and every daughter you shall save alive.

Acts 7:19  The same dealt subtilly with our kindred, and evil entreated our fathers, so that they cast out their young children, to the end they might not live.

 

Mosheh, meaning 'to draw out'.

Moses birth

Moses flees to Midian

Exodus 2:1  And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi.

Numbers 26:59  And the name of Amram's wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, whom her mother bare to Levi in Egypt: and she bare unto Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister.

Jasher 67:5-61

5 In those days died Zepho the son of Eliphaz, son of Esau, king of Chittim, and Janeas reigned in his stead.

6 And the time that Zepho reigned over the children of Chittim was fifty years, and he died and was buried in the city of Nabna in the land of Chittim.

7 And Janeas, one of the mighty men of the children of Chittim, reigned after him and he reigned fifty years.

8 And it was after the death of the king of Chittim that Balaam the son of Beor fled from the land of Chittim, and he went and came to Egypt to Pharaoh king of Egypt.

9 And Pharaoh received him with great honor, for he had heard of his wisdom, and he gave him presents and made him for a counsellor, and aggrandized him.

10 And Balaam dwelt in Egypt, in honor with all the nobles of the king, and the nobles exalted him, because they all coveted to learn his wisdom.

11 And in the hundred and thirtieth year of Israel's going down to Egypt, Pharaoh dreamed that he was sitting upon his kingly throne, and lifted up his eyes and saw an old man standing before him, and there were scales in the hands of the old man, such scales as are used by merchants.

12 And the old man took the scales and hung them before Pharaoh.

13 And the old man took all the elders of Egypt and all its nobles and great men, and he tied them together and put them in one scale.

14 And he took a milk kid and put it into the other scale, and the kid preponderated over all.

15 And Pharaoh was astonished at this dreadful vision, why the kid should preponderate over all, and Pharaoh awoke and behold it was a dream.

16 And Pharaoh rose up early in the morning and called all his servants and related to them the dream, and the men were greatly afraid.

17 And the king said to all his wise men, Interpret I pray you the dream which I dreamed, that I may know it.

18 And Balaam the son of Beor answered the king and said unto him, This means nothing else but a great evil that will spring up against Egypt in the latter days.

19 For a son will be born to Israel who will destroy all Egypt and its inhabitants, and bring forth the Israelites from Egypt with a mighty hand.

20 Now therefore, O king, take counsel upon this matter, that you may destroy the hope of the children of Israel and their expectation, before this evil arise against Egypt.

21 And the king said unto Balaam, And what shall we do unto Israel? surely after a certain manner did we at first counsel against them and could not prevail over them.

22 Now therefore give you also advice against them by which we may prevail over them.

23 And Balaam answered the king, saying, Send now and call thy two counsellors, and we will see what their advice is upon this matter and afterward thy servant will speak.

24 And the king sent and called his two counsellors Reuel the Midianite and Job the Uzite, and they came and sat before the king.

25 And the king said to them, Behold you have both heard the dream which I have dreamed, and the interpretation thereof; now therefore give counsel and know and see what is to be done to the children of Israel, whereby we may prevail over them, before their evil shall spring up against us.

26 And Reuel the Midianite answered the king and said, May the king live, may the king live forever.

27 If it seem good to the king, let him desist from the Hebrews and leave them, and let him not stretch forth his hand against them.

28 For these are they whom Yahweh chose in days of old, and took as the lot of His inheritance from amongst all the nations of the earth and the kings of the earth; and who is there that stretched his hand against them with impunity, of whom their God was not avenged?

29 Surely thou knowest that when Abraham went down to Egypt, Pharaoh, the former king of Egypt, saw Sarah his wife, and took her for a wife, because Abraham said, She is my sister, for he was afraid, lest the men of Egypt should slay him on account of his wife.

30 And when the king of Egypt had taken Sarah then God smote him and his household with heavy plagues, until he restored unto Abraham his wife Sarah, then was he healed.

31 And Abimelech the Gerarite, king of the Philistines, God punished on account of Sarah wife of Abraham, in stopping up every womb from man to beast.

32 When their God came to Abimelech in the dream of night and terrified him in order that he might restore to Abraham Sarah whom he had taken, and afterward all the people of Gerar were punished on account of Sarah, and Abraham prayed to his God for them, and He was entreated of him, and He healed them.

33 And Abimelech feared all this evil that came upon him and his people, and he returned to Abraham his wife Sarah, and gave him with her many gifts.

34 He did so also to Isaac when he had driven him from Gerar, and God had done wonderful things to him, that all the water courses of Gerar were dried up, and their productive trees did not bring forth.

35 Until Abimelech of Gerar, and Ahuzzath one of his friends, and Pichol the captain of his host, went to him and they bent and bowed down before him to the ground.

36 And they requested of him to supplicate for them, and he prayed to Yahweh for them, and Yahweh was entreated of him and He healed them.

37 Jacob also, the plain man, was delivered through his integrity from the hand of his brother Esau, and the hand of Laban the Syrian his mother's brother, who had sought his life; likewise from the hand of all the kings of Canaan who had come together against him and his children to destroy them, and Yahweh delivered them out of their hands, that they turned upon them and smote them, for who had ever stretched forth his hand against them with impunity?

38 Surely Pharaoh the former, thy father's father, raised Joseph the son of Jacob above all the princes of the land of Egypt, when he saw his wisdom, for through his wisdom he rescued all the inhabitants of the land from the famine.

39 After which he ordered Jacob and his children to come down to Egypt, in order that through their virtue, the land of Egypt and the land of Goshen might be delivered from the famine.

40 Now therefore if it seem good in thine eyes, cease from destroying the children of Israel, but if it be not thy will that they shall dwell in Egypt, send them forth from here, that they may go to the land of Canaan, the land where their ancestors sojourned.

41 And when Pharaoh heard the words of Jethro he was very angry with him, so that he rose with shame from the king's presence, and went to Midian, his land, and took Joseph's stick with him.

42 And the king said to Job the Uzite, What sayest thou Job, and what is thy advice respecting the Hebrews?

43 So Job said to the king, Behold all the inhabitants of the land are in thy power, let the king do as it seems good in his eyes.

44 And the king said unto Balaam, What dost thou say, Balaam, speak thy word that we may hear it.

45 And Balaam said to the king, Of all that the king has counselled against the Hebrews will they be delivered, and the king will not be able to prevail over them with any counsel.

46 For if thou thinkest to lessen them by the flaming fire, thou canst not prevail over them, for surely their God delivered Abraham their father from Ur of the Chaldeans; and if thou thinkest to destroy them with a sword, surely Isaac their father was delivered from it, and a ram was placed in his stead.

47 And if with hard and rigorous labor thou thinkest to lessen them, thou wilt not prevail even in this, for their father Jacob served Laban in all manner of hard work, and prospered.

48 Now therefore, O King, hear my words, for this is the counsel which is counselled against them, by which thou wilt prevail over them, and from which thou shouldst not depart.

49 If it please the king let him order all their children which shall be born from this day forward, to be thrown into the water, for by this canst thou wipe away their name, for none of them, nor of their fathers, were tried in this manner.

50 And the king heard the words of Balaam, and the thing pleased the king and the princes, and the king did according to the word of Balaam.

51 And the king ordered a proclamation to be issued and a law to be made throughout the land of Egypt, saying, Every male child born to the Hebrews from this day forward shall be thrown into the water.

52 And Pharaoh called unto all his servants, saying, Go now and seek throughout the land of Goshen where the children of Israel are, and see that every son born to the Hebrews shall be cast into the river, but every daughter you shall let live.

53 And when the children of Israel heard this thing which Pharaoh had commanded, to cast their male children into the river, some of the people separated from their wives and others adhered to them.

54 And from that day forward, when the time of delivery arrived to those women of Israel who had remained with their husbands, they went to the field to bring forth there, and they brought forth in the field, and left their children upon the field and returned home.

55 And Yahweh who had sworn to their ancestors to multiply them, sent one of His ministering angels which are in heaven to wash each child in water, to anoint and swathe it and to put into its hands two smooth stones from one of which it sucked milk and from the other honey, and He caused its hair to grow to its knees, by which it might cover itself; to comfort it and to cleave to it, through His compassion for it.

56 And when God had compassion over them and had desired to multiply them upon the face of the land, He ordered His earth to receive them to be preserved therein till the time of their growing up, after which the earth opened its mouth and vomited them forth and they sprouted forth from the city like the herb of the earth, and the grass of the forest, and they returned each to his family and to his father's house, and they remained with them.

57 And the babes of the children of Israel were upon the earth like the herb of the field, through God's grace to them.

58 And when all the Egyptians saw this thing, they went forth, each to his field with his yoke of oxen and his ploughshare, and they ploughed it up as one ploughs the earth at seed time.

59 And when they ploughed they were unable to hurt the infants of the children of Israel, so the people increased and waxed exceedingly.

60 And Pharaoh ordered his officers daily to go to Goshen to seek for the babes of the children of Israel.

61 And when they had sought and found one, they took it from its mother's bosom by force, and threw it into the river, but the female child they left with its mother; thus did the Egyptians do to the Israelites all the days.

Jasher 68:1-4

1 And it was at that time the spirit of God was upon Miriam the daughter of Amram the sister of Aaron, and she went forth and prophesied about the house, saying, Behold a son will be born unto us from my father and mother this time, and he will save Israel from the hands of Egypt.

2 And when Amram heard the words of his daughter, he went and took his wife back to the house, after he had driven her away at the time when Pharaoh ordered every male child of the house of Jacob to be thrown into the water.

3 So Amram took Jochebed his wife, three years after he had driven her away, and he came to her and she conceived.

4 And at the end of seven months from her conception she brought forth a son, and the whole house was filled with great light as of the light of the sun and moon at the time of their shining.

 2:2  And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months.   

Goodly child means healthy and well formed, no birth defects.

Acts 7:20  In which time Moses was born, and was exceeding fair, and nourished up in his father's house three months:

Hebrews 11:23  By faith Moses, when he was born, was hid three months of his parents, because they saw he was a proper child; and they were not afraid of the king's commandment.

Jasher 68:6-12

6 In those days the Egyptians conspired to destroy all the Hebrews there.

7 And the Egyptian women went to Goshen where the children of Israel were, and they carried their young ones upon their shoulders, their babes who could not yet speak.

8 And in those days, when the women of the children of Israel brought forth, each woman had hidden her son from before the Egyptians, that the Egyptians might not know of their bringing forth, and might not destroy them from the land.

9 And the Egyptian women came to Goshen and their children who could not speak were upon their shoulders, and when an Egyptian woman came into the house of a Hebrew woman her babe began to cry.

10 And when it cried the child that was in the inner room answered it, so the Egyptian women went and told it at the house of Pharaoh.

11 And Pharaoh sent his officers to take the children and slay them; thus did the Egyptians to the Hebrew women all the days.

12 And it was at that time, about three months from Jochebed's concealment of her son, that the thing was known in Pharaoh's house.

 2:3  And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark (basket) of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river's brink.

 2:4  And his sister (Miriam) stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him.

Jasher 68:15-16

15 And God sent forth at that time a terrible heat in the land of Egypt, which burned up the flesh of man like the sun in his circuit, and it greatly oppressed the Egyptians.

16 And all the Egyptians went down to bathe in the river, on account of the consuming heat which burned up their flesh.

 2:5  And the daughter of Pharaoh (Bathia) came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river's side; and when she saw the ark (basket) among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it.   

 2:6  And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And she had compassion on him, and said, This is one of the Hebrews' children.

Jasher 68:20 And all the women of Egypt walking on the river side desired to give him suck, but he would not suck, for this thing was from Yahweh, in order to restore him to his mother's breast.

 2:7  Then said his sister (Miriam) to Pharaoh's daughter, Shall I go and call to you a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for you?

 2:8  And Pharaoh's daughter said to her, Go. And the maid went and called the child's mother.

 2:9  And Pharaoh's daughter said unto her, Take this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give you your wages. And the woman took the child, and nursed it.

Nurse in verse 7 and 9 have two different meanings. In verse 7 it means to care for, and in verse 9 it means to physically nurse (breast feed) a child.

 2:10  And the child grew (and at the end of 2 years), and she brought him unto Pharaoh's daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, Because I drew him out of the water.

Moses means drawing out, rescued, pulled out.

Jasher 68:25-32

25 And Amram his father called his name Chabar, for he said, It was for him that he associated with his wife whom he had turned away.

26 And Jochebed his mother called his name Jekuthiel, Because, she said, I have hoped for him to the Almighty, and God restored him unto me.

27 And Miriam his sister called him Jered, for she descended after him to the river to know what his end would be.

28 And Aaron his brother called his name Abi Zanuch, saying, My father left my mother and returned to her on his account.

29 And Kehath the father of Amram called his name Abigdor, because on his account did God repair the breach of the house of Jacob, that they could no longer throw their male children into the water.

30 And their nurse called him Abi Socho, saying, In his tabernacle was he hidden for three months, on account of the children of Ham.

31 And all Israel called his name Shemaiah, son of Nethanel, for they said, In his days has God heard their cries and rescued them from their oppressors.

32 And Moses was in Pharaoh's house, and was unto Bathia, Pharaoh's daughter, as a son, and Moses grew up amongst the king's children.

Jasher 69:1-9

1 And the king of Edom died in those days, in the eighteenth year of his reign, and was buried in his temple which he had built for himself as his royal residence in the land of Edom.

2 And the children of Esau sent to Pethor, which is upon the river, and they fetched from there a young man of beautiful eyes and comely aspect, whose name was Saul, and they made him king over them in the place of Samlah.

3 And Saul reigned over all the children of Esau in the land of Edom for forty years.

4 And when Pharaoh king of Egypt saw that the counsel which Balaam had advised respecting the children of Israel did not succeed, but that still they were fruitful, multiplied and increased throughout the land of Egypt,

5 Then Pharaoh commanded in those days that a proclamation should be issued throughout Egypt to the children of Israel, saying, No man shall diminish any thing of his daily labor.

6 And the man who shall be found deficient in his labor which he performs daily, whether in mortar or in bricks, then his youngest son shall be put in their place.

7 And the labor of Egypt strengthened upon the children of Israel in those days, and behold if one brick was deficient in any man's daily labor, the Egyptians took his youngest boy by force from his mother, and put him into the building in the place of the brick which his father had left wanting.

8 And the men of Egypt did so to all the children of Israel day by day, all the days for a long period.

9 But the tribe of Levi did not at that time work with the Israelites their brethren, from the beginning, for the children of Levi knew the cunning of the Egyptians which they exercised at first toward the Israelites.

Jasher 70:1-51

1 And in the third year from the birth of Moses, Pharaoh was sitting at a banquet, when Alparanith the queen was sitting at his right and Bathia at his left, and the lad Moses was lying upon her bosom, and Balaam the son of Beor with his two sons, and all the princes of the kingdom were sitting at table in the king's presence.

2 And the lad stretched forth his hand upon the king's head, and took the crown from the king's head and placed it on his own head.

3 And when the king and princes saw the work which the boy had done, the king and princes were terrified, and one man to his neighbor expressed astonishment.

4 And the king said unto the princes who were before him at table, What speak you and what say you, O ye princes, in this matter, and what is to be the judgment against the boy on account of this act?

5 And Balaam the son of Beor the magician answered before the king and princes, and he said, Remember now, O my lord and king, the dream which thou didst dream many days since, and that which thy servant interpreted unto thee.

6 Now therefore this is a child from the Hebrew children, in whom is the spirit of God, and let not my lord the king imagine that this youngster did this thing without knowledge.

7 For he is a Hebrew boy, and wisdom and understanding are with him, although he is yet a child, and with wisdom has he done this and chosen unto himself the kingdom of Egypt.

8 For this is the manner of all the Hebrews to deceive kings and their nobles, to do all these things cunningly, in order to make the kings of the earth and their men tremble.

9 Surely thou knowest that Abraham their father acted thus, who deceived the army of Nimrod king of Babel, and Abimelech king of Gerar, and that he possessed himself of the land of the children of Heth and all the kingdoms of Canaan.

10 And that he descended into Egypt and said of Sarah his wife, she is my sister, in order to mislead Egypt and her king.

11 His son Isaac also did so when he went to Gerar and dwelt there, and his strength prevailed over the army of Abimelech king of the Philistines.

12 He also thought of making the kingdom of the Philistines stumble, in saying that Rebecca his wife was his sister.

13 Jacob also dealt treacherously with his brother, and took from his hand his birthright and his blessing.

14 He went then to Padan-aram to the house of Laban his mother's brother, and cunningly obtained from him his daughter, his cattle, and all belonging to him, and fled away and returned to the land of Canaan to his father.

15 His sons sold their brother Joseph, who went down into Egypt and became a slave, and was placed in the prison house for twelve years.

16 Until the former Pharaoh dreamed dreams, and withdrew him from the prison house, and magnified him above all the princes in Egypt on account of his interpreting his dreams to him.

17 And when God caused a famine throughout the land he sent for and brought his father and all his brothers, and the whole of his father's household, and supported them without price or reward, and bought the Egyptians for slaves.

18 Now therefore my lord king behold this child has risen up in their stead in Egypt, to do according to their deeds and to trifle with every king, prince and judge.

19 If it please the king, let us now spill his blood upon the ground, lest he grow up and take away the government from thy hand, and the hope of Egypt perish after he shall have reigned.

20 And Balaam said to the king, Let us moreover call for all the judges of Egypt and the wise men thereof, and let us know if the judgment of death is due to this boy as thou didst say, and then we will slay him.

21 And Pharaoh sent and called for all the wise men of Egypt and they came before the king, and an angel of Yahweh came amongst them, and he was like one of the wise men of Egypt.

22 And the king said to the wise men, Surely you have heard what this Hebrew boy who is in the house has done, and thus has Balaam judged in the matter.

23 Now judge you also and see what is due to the boy for the act he has committed.

24 And the angel, who seemed like one of the wise men of Pharaoh, answered and said as follows, before all the wise men of Egypt and before the king and the princes:

25 If it please the king let the king send for men who shall bring before him an onyx stone and a coal of fire, and place them before the child, and if the child shall stretch forth his hand and take the onyx stone, then shall we know that with wisdom has the youth done all that he has done, and we must slay him.

26 But if he stretch forth his hand upon the coal, then shall we know that it was not with knowledge that he did this thing, and he shall live.

27 And the thing seemed good in the eyes of the king and the princes, so the king did according to the word of the angel of Yahweh.

28 And the king ordered the onyx stone and coal to be brought and placed before Moses.

29 And they placed the boy before them, and the lad endeavored to stretch forth his hand to the onyx stone, but the angel of Yahweh took his hand and placed it upon the coal, and the coal became extinguished in his hand, and he lifted it up and put it into his mouth, and burned part of his lips and part of his tongue, and he became heavy in mouth and tongue.

30 And when the king and princes saw this, they knew that Moses had not acted with wisdom in taking off the crown from the king's head.

31 So the king and princes refrained from slaying the child, so Moses remained in Pharaoh's house, growing up, and Yahweh was with him.

32 And whilst the boy was in the king's house, he was robed in purple and he grew amongst the children of the king.

33 And when Moses grew up in the king's house, Bathia the daughter of Pharaoh considered him as a son, and all the household of Pharaoh honored him, and all the men of Egypt were afraid of him.

34 And he daily went forth and came into the land of Goshen, where his brethren the children of Israel were, and Moses saw them daily in shortness of breath and hard labor.

35 And Moses asked them, saying, Wherefore is this labor meted out unto you day by day?

36 And they told him all that had befallen them, and all the injunctions which Pharaoh had put upon them before his birth.

37 And they told him all the counsels which Balaam the son of Beor had counselled against them, and what he had also counselled against him in order to slay him when he had taken the king's crown from off his head.

38 And when Moses heard these things his anger was kindled against Balaam, and he sought to kill him, and he was in ambush for him day by day.

39 And Balaam was afraid of Moses, and he and his two sons rose up and went forth from Egypt, and they fled and delivered their souls and betook themselves to the land of Cush to Kikianus, king of Cush.

40 And Moses was in the king's house going out and coming in, Yahweh gave him favor in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants, and in the eyes of all the people of Egypt, and they loved Moses exceedingly.

41 And the day arrived when Moses went to Goshen to see his brethren, that he saw the children of Israel in their burdens and hard labor, and Moses was grieved on their account.

42 And Moses returned to Egypt and came to the house of Pharaoh, and came before the king, and Moses bowed down before the king.

43 And Moses said unto Pharaoh, I pray thee my lord, I have come to seek a small request from thee, turn not away my face empty; and Pharaoh said unto him, Speak.

44 And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Let there be given unto thy servants the children of Israel who are in Goshen, one day to rest therein from their labor.

45 And the king answered Moses and said, Behold I have lifted up thy face in this thing to grant thy request.

46 And Pharaoh ordered a proclamation to be issued throughout Egypt and Goshen, saying,

47 To you, all the children of Israel, thus says the king, for six days you shall do your work and labor, but on the seventh day you shall rest, and shall not preform any work, thus shall you do all the days, as the king and Moses the son of Bathia have commanded.

48 And Moses rejoiced at this thing which the king had granted to him, and all the children of Israel did as Moses ordered them.

49 For this thing was from Yahweh to the children of Israel, for Yahweh had begun to remember the children of Israel to save them for the sake of their fathers.

50 And Yahweh was with Moses and his fame went throughout Egypt.

51 And Moses became great in the eyes of all the Egyptians, and in the eyes of all the children of Israel, seeking good for his people Israel and speaking words of peace regarding them to the king.

 2:11  And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown (18 years old), that he went out unto his brethren (kinsmen), and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren.

Acts 7:23-24

23  And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel.

24  And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian:

Jasher 71:2 And when the man who was beaten saw Moses he ran to him for help, for the man Moses was greatly respected in the house of Pharaoh, and he said to him, My lord attend to me, this Egyptian came to my house in the night, bound me, and came to (had sex with) my wife in my presence, and now he seeks to take my life away.

 2:12  And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand.   

Jasher 71:4-6

4 And the Hebrew went to his house, and Moses returned to his home, and went forth and came back to the king's house.

5 And when the man had returned home, he thought of repudiating his wife, for it was not right in the house of Jacob, for any man to come to his wife after she had been defiled.

6 And the woman went and told her brothers, and the woman's brothers sought to slay him, and he fled to his house and escaped.

 2:13  And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, Wherefore smitest you your fellow?

 2:14  And he said, Who made you a prince and a judge over us? intendest you to kill me, as you killedst the Egyptian? And Moses feared, and said, Surely this thing is known.

 2:15  Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well.

Midian was a son of Abraham and Keturah.

Meanwhile...before Moses came into Midian...

Jasher 71:12-16

12 And Aaron his brother alone remained in the land of Egypt, and he prophesied to the children of Israel, saying,

13 Thus says Yahweh God of your ancestors, Throw away, each man, the abominations of his eyes, and do not defile yourselves with the idols of Egypt.

14 And the children of Israel rebelled and would not hearken to Aaron at that time.

15 And Yahweh thought to destroy them, were it not that Yahweh remembered the covenant which He had made with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

16 In those days the hand of Pharaoh continued to be severe against the children of Israel, and he crushed and oppressed them until the time when God sent forth His word and took notice of them.

Jasher 72:1-42

1 And it was in those days that there was a great war between the children of Cush and the children of the east (Keturah) and Aram, and they rebelled against the king of Cush in whose hands they were.

2 So Kikianus king of Cush went forth with all the children of Cush, a people numerous as the sand, and he went to fight against Aram and the children of the east, to bring them under subjection.

3 And when Kikianus went out, he left Balaam the magician, with his two sons, to guard the city, and the lowest sort of the people of the land.

4 So Kikianus went forth to Aram and the children of the east, and he fought against them and smote them, and they all fell down wounded before Kikianus and his people.

5 And he took many of them captives and he brought them under subjection as at first, and he encamped upon their land to take tribute from them as usual.

6 And Balaam the son of Beor, when the king of Cush had left him to guard the city and the poor of the city, he rose up and advised with the people of the land to rebel against king Kikianus, not to let him enter the city when he should come home.

7 And the people of the land hearkened to him, and they swore to him and made him king over them, and his two sons for captains of the army.

8 So they rose up and raised the walls of the city at the two corners, and they built an exceeding strong building.

9 And at the third corner they dug ditches without number, between the city and the river which surrounded the whole land of Cush, and they made the waters of the river burst forth there.

10 At the fourth corner they collected numerous serpents by their incantations and enchantments, and they fortified the city and dwelt therein, and no one went out or in before them.

11 And Kikianus fought against Aram and the children of the east and he subdued them as before, and they gave him their usual tribute, and he went and returned to his land.

12 And when Kikianus the king of Cush approached his city and all the captains of the forces with him, they lifted up their eyes and saw that the walls of the city were built up and greatly elevated, so the men were astonished at this.

13 And they said one to the other, It is because they saw that we were delayed, in battle, and were greatly afraid of us, therefore have they done this thing and raised the city walls and fortified them so that the kings of Canaan might not come in battle against them.

14 So the king and the troops approached the city door and they looked up and behold, all the gates of the city were closed, and they called out to the sentinels, saying, Open unto us, that we may enter the city.

15 But the sentinels refused to open to them by the order of Balaam the magician, their king, they suffered them not to enter their city.

16 So they raised a battle with them opposite the city gate, and one hundred and thirty men of the army at Kikianus fell on that day.

17 And on the next day they continued to fight and they fought at the side of the river; they endeavored to pass but were not able, so some of them sank in the pits and died.

18 So the king ordered them to cut down trees to make rafts, upon which they might pass to them, and they did so.

19 And when they came to the place of the ditches, the waters revolved by mills, and two hundred men upon ten rafts were drowned.

20 And on the third day they came to fight at the side where the serpents were, but they could not approach there, for the serpents slew of them one hundred and seventy men, and they ceased fighting against Cush, and they besieged Cush for nine years, no person came out or in.

21 At that time that the war and the siege were against Cush, Moses fled from Egypt from Pharaoh who sought to kill him for having slain the Egyptian.

22 And Moses was eighteen years old when he fled from Egypt from the presence of Pharaoh, and he fled and escaped to the camp of Kikianus, which at that time was besieging Cush.

23 And Moses was nine years in the camp of Kikianus king of Cush, all the time that they were besieging Cush, and Moses went out and came in with them.

24 And the king and princes and all the fighting men loved Moses, for he was great and worthy, his stature was like a noble lion, his face was like the sun, and his strength was like that of a lion, and he was counsellor to the king.

25 And at the end of nine years, Kikianus was seized with a mortal disease, and his illness prevailed over him, and he died on the seventh day.

26 So his servants embalmed him and carried him and buried him opposite the city gate to the north of the land of Egypt.

27 And they built over him an elegant strong and high building, and they placed great stones below.

28 And the king's scribes engraved upon those stones all the might of their king Kikianus, and all his battles which he had fought, behold they are written there at this day.

29 Now after the death of Kikianus king of Cush it grieved his men and troops greatly on account of the war.

30 So they said one to the other, Give us counsel what we are to do at this time, as we have resided in the wilderness nine years away from our homes.

31 If we say we will fight against the city many of us will fall wounded or killed, and if we remain here in the siege we shall also die.

32 For now all the kings of Aram and of the children of the east will hear that our king is dead, and they will attack us suddenly in a hostile manner, and they will fight against us and leave no remnant of us.

33 Now therefore let us go and make a king over us, and let us remain in the siege until the city is delivered up to us.

34 And they wished to choose on that day a man for king from the army of Kikianus, and they found no object of their choice like Moses to reign over them.

35 And they hastened and stripped off each man his garments and cast them upon the ground, and they made a great heap and placed Moses thereon.

36 And they rose up and blew with trumpets and called out before him, and said, May the king live, may the king live!

37 And all the people and nobles swore unto him to give him for a wife Adoniah the queen, the Cushite, wife of Kikianus, and they made Moses king over them on that day.

38 And all the people of Cush issued a proclamation on that day, saying, Every man must give something to Moses of what is in his possession.

39 And they spread out a sheet upon the heap, and every man cast into it something of what he had, one a gold earring and the other a coin.

40 Also of onyx stones, bdellium, pearls and marble did the children of Cush cast unto Moses upon the heap, also silver and gold in great abundance.

41 And Moses took all the silver and gold, all the vessels, and the bdellium and onyx stones, which all the children of Cush had given to him, and he placed them amongst his treasures.

42 And Moses reigned over the children of Cush on that day, in the place of Kikianus king of Cush.

Jasher 73:1-48

1 In the fifty-fifth year of the reign of Pharaoh king of Egypt, that is in the hundred and fifty-seventh year of the Israelites going down into Egypt, reigned Moses in Cush.

2 Moses was twenty-seven years old when he began to reign over Cush, and forty years did he reign.

3 And Yahweh granted Moses favor and grace in the eyes of all the children of Cush, and the children of Cush loved him exceedingly, so Moses was favored by Yahweh and by men.

4 And in the seventh day of his reign, all the children of Cush assembled and came before Moses and bowed down to him to the ground.

5 And all the children spoke together in the presence of the king, saying, Give us counsel that we may see what is to be done to this city.

6 For it is now nine years that we have been besieging round about the city, and have not seen our children and our wives.

7 So the king answered them, saying, If you will hearken to my voice in all that I shall command you, then will Yahwewh give the city into our hands and we shall subdue it.

8 For if we fight with them as in the former battle which we had with them before the death of Kikianus, many of us will fall down wounded as before.

9 Now therefore behold here is counsel for you in this matter; if you will hearken to my voice, then will the city be delivered into our hands.

10 So all the forces answered the king, saying, All that our lord shall command that will we do.

11 And Moses said unto them, Pass through and proclaim a voice in the whole camp unto all the people, saying,

12 Thus says the king, Go into the forest and bring with you of the young ones of the stork, each man a young one in his hand.

13 And any person transgressing the word of the king, who shall not bring his young one, he shall die, and the king will take all belonging to him.

14 And when you shall bring them they shall be in your keeping, you shall rear them until they grow up, and you shall teach them to dart upon, as is the way of the young ones of the hawk.

15 So all the children of Cush heard the words of Moses, and they rose up and caused a proclamation to be issued throughout the camp, saying,

16 Unto you, all the children of Cush, the king's order is, that you go all together to the forest, and catch there the young storks each man his young one in his hand, and you shall bring them home.

17 And any person violating the order of the king shall die, and the king will take all that belongs to him.

18 And all the people did so, and they went out to the wood and they climbed the fir trees and caught, each man a young one in his hand, all the young of the storks, and they brought them into the desert and reared them by order of the king, and they taught them to dart upon, similar to the young hawks.

19 And after the young storks were reared, the king ordered them to be hungered for three days, and all the people did so.

20 And on the third day, the king said unto them, strengthen yourselves and become valiant men, and put on each man his armor and gird on his sword upon him, and ride each man his horse and take each his young stork in his hand.

21 And we will rise up and fight against the city at the place where the serpents are; and all the people did as the king had ordered.

22 And they took each man his young one in his hand, and they went away, and when they came to the place of the serpents the king said to them, Send forth each man his young stork upon the serpents.

23 And they sent forth each man his young stork at the king's order, and the young storks ran upon the serpents and they devoured them all and destroyed them out of that place.

24 And when the king and people had seen that all the serpents were destroyed in that place, all the people set up a great shout.

25 And they approached and fought against the city and took it and subdued it, and they entered the city.

26 And there died on that day one thousand and one hundred men of the people of the city, all that inhabited the city, but of the people besieging not one died.

27 So all the children of Cush went each to his home, to his wife and children and to all belonging to him.

28 And Balaam the magician, when he saw that the city was taken, he opened the gate and he and his two sons and eight brothers fled and returned to Egypt to Pharaoh king of Egypt.

29 They are the sorcerers and magicians who are mentioned in the book of the law, standing against Moses when Yahweh brought the plagues upon Egypt.

30 So Moses took the city by his wisdom, and the children of Cush placed him on the throne instead of Kikianus king of Cush.

31 And they placed the royal crown upon his head, and they gave him for a wife Adoniah the Cushite queen, wife of Kikianus.

32 And Moses feared Yahweh God of his fathers, so that he came not to her, nor did he turn his eyes to her.

33 For Moses remembered how Abraham had made his servant Eliezer swear, saying unto him, You shalt not take a woman from the daughters of Canaan for my son Isaac.

34 Also what Isaac did when Jacob had fled from his brother, when he commanded him, saying, You shalt not take a wife from the daughters of Canaan, nor make alliance with any of the children of Ham.

35 For Yahweh our God gave Ham the son of Noah, and his children and all his seed, as slaves to the children of Shem and to the children of Japheth, and unto their seed after them for slaves, forever.

36 Therefore Moses turned not his heart nor his eyes to the wife of Kikianus all the days that he reigned over Cush.

37 And Moses feared Yahweh his God all his life, and Moses walked before Yahweh in truth, with all his heart and soul, he turned not from the right way all the days of his life; he declined not from the way either to the right or to the left, in which Abraham, Isaac and Jacob had walked.

38 And Moses strengthened himself in the kingdom of the children of Cush, and he guided the children of Cush with his usual wisdom, and Moses prospered in his kingdom.

39 And at that time Aram and the children of the east heard that Kikianus king of Cush had died, so Aram and the children of the east rebelled against Cush in those days.

40 And Moses gathered all the children of Cush, a people very mighty, about thirty thousand men, and he went forth to fight with Aram and the children of the east.

41 And they went at first to the children of the east, and when the children of the east heard their report, they went to meet them, and engaged in battle with them.

42 And the war was severe against the children of the east, so Yahweh gave all the children of the east into the hand of Moses, and about three hundred men fell down slain.

43 And all the children of the east turned back and retreated, so Moses and the children of Cush followed them and subdued them, and put a tax upon them, as was their custom.

44 So Moses and all the people with him passed from there to the land of Aram for battle.

45 And the people of Aram also went to meet them, and they fought against them, and Yahweh delivered them into the hand of Moses, and many of the men of Aram fell down wounded.

46 And Aram also were subdued by Moses and the people of Cush, and also gave their usual tax.

47 And Moses brought Aram and the children of the east under subjection to the children of Cush, and Moses and all the people who were with him, turned to the land of Cush.

48 And Moses strengthened himself in the kingdom of the children of Cush, and Yahwehwas with him, and all the children of Cush were afraid of him.

Jasher 74:1-23

1 In the end of years died Saul king of Edom, and Baal Chanan the son of Achbor reigned in his place.

2 In the sixteenth year of the reign of Moses over Cush, Baal Chanan the son of Achbor reigned in the land of Edom over all the children of Edom for thirty-eight years.

3 In his days Moab rebelled against the power of Edom, having been under Edom since the days of Hadad the son of Bedad, who smote them and Midian, and brought Moab under subjection to Edom.

4 And when Baal Chanan the son of Achbor reigned over Edom, all the children of Moab withdrew their allegiance from Edom.

5 And Angeas king of Africa died in those days, and Azdrubal his son reigned in his stead.

6 And in those days died Janeas king of the children of Chittim, and they buried him in his temple which he had built for himself in the plain of Canopia for a residence, and Latinus reigned in his stead.

7 In the twenty-second year of the reign of Moses over the children of Cush, Latinus reigned over the children of Chittim forty-five years.

8 And he also built for himself a great and mighty tower, and he built therein an elegant temple for his residence, to conduct his government, as was the custom.

9 In the third year of his reign he caused a proclamation to be made to all his skilful men, who made many ships for him.

10 And Latinus assembled all his forces, and they came in ships, and went therein to fight with Azdrubal son of Angeas king of Africa, and they came to Africa and engaged in battle with Azdrubal and his army.

11 And Latinus prevailed over Azdrubal, and Latinus took from Azdrubal the aqueduct which his father had brought from the children of Chittim, when he took Janiah the daughter of Uzi for a wife, so Latinus overthrew the bridge of the aqueduct, and smote the whole army of Azdrubal a severe blow.

12 And the remaining strong men of Azdrubal strengthened themselves, and their hearts were filled with envy, and they courted death, and again engaged in battle with Latinus king of Chittim.

13 And the battle was severe upon all the men of Africa, and they all fell wounded before Latinus and his people, and Azdrubal the king also fell in that battle.

14 And the king Azdrubal had a very beautiful daughter, whose name was Ushpezena, and all the men of Africa embroidered her likeness on their garments, on account of her great beauty and comely appearance.

15 And the men of Latinus saw Ushpezena, the daughter of Azdrubal, and praised her unto Latinus their king.

16 And Latinus ordered her to be brought to him, and Latinus took Ushpezena for a wife, and he turned back on his way to Chittim.

17 And it was after the death of Azdrubal son of Angeas, when Latinus had turned back to his land from the battle, that all the inhabitants of Africa rose up and took Anibal the son of Angeas, the younger brother of Azdrubal, and made him king instead at his brother over the whole land at Africa.

18 And when he reigned, he resolved to go to Chittim to fight with the children of Chittim, to avenge the cause of Azdrubal his brother, and the cause of the inhabitants of Africa, and he did so.

19 And he made many ships, and he came therein with his whole army, and he went to Chittim.

20 So Anibal fought with the children of Chittim, and the children of Chittim fell wounded before Anibal and his army, and Anibal avenged his brother's cause.

21 And Anibal continued the war for eighteen years with the children of Chittim, and Anibal dwelt in the land of Chittim and encamped there for a long time.

22 And Anibal smote the children of Chittim very severely, and he slew their great men and princes, and of the rest of the people he smote about eighty thousand men.

23 And at the end of days and years, Anibal returned to his land of Africa, and he reigned securely in the place of Azdrubal his brother.

Jasher 75:1-22

1 At that time, in the hundred and eightieth year of the Israelites going down into Egypt, there went forth from Egypt valiant men, thirty thousand on foot, from the children of Israel, who were all of the tribe of Joseph, of the children of Ephraim the son of Joseph.

2 For they said the period was completed which Yahweh had appointed to the children of Israel in the times of old, which He had spoken to Abraham.

3 And these men girded themselves, and they put each man his sword at his side, and every man his armor upon him, and they trusted to their strength, and they went out together from Egypt with a mighty hand.

4 But they brought no provision for the road, only silver and gold, not even bread for that day did they bring in their hands, for they thought of getting their provision for pay from the Philistines, and if not they would take it by force.

5 And these men were very mighty and valiant men, one man could pursue a thousand and two could rout ten thousand, so they trusted to their strength and went together as they were.

6 And they directed their course toward the land of Gath, and they went down and found the shepherds of Gath feeding the cattle of the children of Gath.

7 And they said to the shepherds, Give us some of the sheep for pay, that we may eat, for we are hungry, for we have eaten no bread this day.

8 And the shepherds said, Are they our sheep or cattle that we should give them to you even for pay? so the children of Ephraim approached to take them by force.

9 And the shepherds of Gath shouted over them that their cry was heard at a distance, so all the children of Gath went out to them.

10 And when the children of Gath saw the evil doings of the children of Ephraim, they returned and assembled the men of Gath, and they put on each man his armor, and came forth to the children of Ephraim for battle.

11 And they engaged with them in the valley of Gath, and the battle was severe, and they smote from each other a great many on that day.

12 And on the second day the children of Gath sent to all the cities of the Philistines that they should come to their help, saying,

13 Come up unto us and help us, that we may smite the children of Ephraim who have come forth from Egypt to take our cattle, and to fight against us without cause.

14 Now the souls of the children of Ephraim were exhausted with hunger and thirst, for they had eaten no bread for three days. And forty thousand men went forth from the cities of the Philistines to the assistance of the men of Gath.

15 And these men were engaged in battle with the children of Ephraim, and Yahweh delivered the children of Ephraim into the hands of the Philistines.

16 And they smote all the children of Ephraim, all who had gone forth from Egypt, none were remaining but ten men who had run away from the engagement.

17 For this evil was from Yahweh against the children of Ephraim, for they transgressed the word of Yahweh in going forth from Egypt, before the period had arrived which Yahweh in the days of old had appointed to Israel.

18 And of the Philistines also there fell a great many, about twenty thousand men, and their brethren carried them and buried them in their cities.

19 And the slain of the children of Ephraim remained forsaken in the valley of Gath for many days and years, and were not brought to burial, and the valley was filled with men's bones.

20 And the men who had escaped from the battle came to Egypt, and told all the children of Israel all that had befallen them.

21 And their father Ephraim mourned over them for many days, and his brethren came to console him.

22 And he came unto his wife and she bare a son, and he called his name Beriah, for she was unfortunate in his house.

Jasher 76:1-13

1 And Moses the son of Amram was still king in the land of Cush in those days, and he prospered in his kingdom, and he conducted the government of the children of Cush in justice, in righteousness, and integrity.

2 And all the children of Cush loved Moses all the days that he reigned over them, and all the inhabitants of the land of Cush were greatly afraid of him.

3 And in the fortieth year of the reign of Moses over Cush, Moses was sitting on the royal throne whilst Adoniah the queen was before him, and all the nobles were sitting around him.

4 And Adoniah the queen said before the king and the princes, What is this thing which you, the children of Cush, have done for this long time?

5 Surely you know that for forty years that this man has reigned over Cush he has not approached me, nor has he served the gods of the children of Cush.

6 Now therefore hear, O ye children of Cush, and let this man no more reign over you as he is not of our flesh.

7 Behold Menacrus my son is grown up, let him reign over you, for it is better for you to serve the son of your lord, than to serve a stranger, slave of the king of Egypt.

8 And all the people and nobles of the children of Cush heard the words which Adoniah the queen had spoken in their ears.

9 And all the people were preparing until the evening, and in the morning they rose up early and made Menacrus, son of Kikianus, king over them.

10 And all the children of Cush were afraid to stretch forth their hand against Moses, for Yahweh was with Moses, and the children of Cush remembered the oath which they swore unto Moses, therefore they did no harm to him.

11 But the children of Cush gave many presents to Moses, and sent him from them with great honor.

12 So Moses went forth from the land of Cush, and went home and ceased to reign over Cush, and Moses was sixty-six years old when he went out of the land of Cush, for the thing was from Yahweh, for the period had arrived which He had appointed in the days of old, to bring forth Israel from the affliction of the children of Ham.

13 So Moses went to Midian, for he was afraid to return to Egypt on account of Pharaoh, and he went and sat at a well of water in Midian.

 2:16  Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock.

 2:17  And the shepherds (of Midian) came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock.

 2:18  And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, How is it that you are come so soon to day?

Reuel and Jethro are the same person.

 2:19  And they said, An Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.

 2:20  And he said unto his daughters, And where is he? why is it that you have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.

Jasher 76:21-62

21 And Moses related to Reuel that he had fled from Egypt and that he reigned forty years over Cush, and that they afterward had taken the government from him, and had sent him away in peace with honor and with presents.

22 And when Reuel had heard the words of Moses, Reuel said within himself, I will put this man into the prison house, whereby I shall conciliate the children of Cush, for he has fled from them.

23 And they took and put him into the prison house, and Moses was in prison ten years, and whilst Moses was in the prison house, Zipporah the daughter of Reuel took pity over him, and supported him with bread and water all the time.

24 And all the children of Israel were yet in the land of Egypt serving the Egyptians in all manner of hard work, and the hand of Egypt continued in severity over the children of Israel in those days.

25 At that time Yahweh smote Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he afflicted with the plague of leprosy from the sole of his foot to the crown of his head; owing to the cruel treatment of the children of Israel was this plague at that time from Yahweh upon Pharaoh king of Egypt.

26 For Yahweh had hearkened to the prayer of His people the children of Israel, and their cry reached Him on account of their hard work.

27 Still His anger did not turn from them, and the hand of Pharaoh was still stretched out against the children of Israel, and Pharaoh hardened his neck before Yahweh, and he increased his yoke over the children of Israel, and embittered their lives with all manner of hard work.

28 And when Yahweh had inflicted the plague upon Pharaoh king of Egypt, he asked his wise men and sorcerers to cure him.

29 And his wise men and sorcerers said unto him, That if the blood of little children were put into the wounds he would be healed.

30 And Pharaoh hearkened to them, and sent his ministers to Goshen to the children of Israel to take their little children.

31 And Pharaoh's ministers went and took the infants of the children of Israel from the bosoms of their mothers by force, and they brought them to Pharaoh daily, a child each day, and the physicians killed them and applied them to the plague; thus did they all the days.

32 And the number of the children which Pharaoh slew was three hundred and seventy-five.

33 But Yahweh hearkened not to the physicians of the king of Egypt, and the plague went on increasing mightily.

34 And Pharaoh was ten years afflicted with that plague, still the heart of Pharaoh was more hardened against the children of Israel.

35 And at the end of ten years Yahweh continued to afflict Pharaoh with destructive plagues.

36 And Yahweh smote him with a bad tumor and sickness at the stomach, and that plague turned to a severe boil.

37 At that time the two ministers of Pharaoh came from the land of Goshen where all the children of Israel were, and went to the house of Pharaoh and said to him, We have seen the children of Israel slacken in their work and negligent in their labor.

38 And when Pharaoh heard the words of his ministers, his anger was kindled against the children of Israel exceedingly, for he was greatly grieved at his bodily pain.

39 And he answered and said, Now that the children of Israel know that I am ill, they turn and scoff at us, now therefore harness my chariot for me, and I will betake myself to Goshen and will see the scoff of the children of Israel with which they are deriding me; so his servants harnessed the chariot for him.

40 And they took and made him ride upon a horse, for he was not able to ride of himself;

41 And he took with him ten horsemen and ten footmen, and went to the children of Israel to Goshen.

42 And when they had come to the border of Egypt, the king's horse passed into a narrow place, elevated in the hollow part of the vineyard, fenced on both sides, the low, plain country being on the other side.

43 And the horses ran rapidly in that place and pressed each other, and the other horses pressed the king's horse.

44 And the king's horse fell into the low plain whilst the king was riding upon it, and when he fell the chariot turned over the king's face and the horse lay upon the king, and the king cried out, for his flesh was very sore.

45 And the flesh of the king was torn from him, and his bones were broken and he could not ride, for this thing was from Yahweh to him, for Yahweh had heard the cries of His people the children of Israel and their affliction.

46 And his servants carried him upon their shoulders, a little at a time, and they brought him back to Egypt, and the horsemen who were with him came also back to Egypt.

47 And they placed him in his bed, and the king knew that his end was come to die, so Aparanith the queen his wife came and cried before the king, and the king wept a great weeping with her.

48 And all his nobles and servants came on that day and saw the king in that affliction, and wept a great weeping with him.

49 And the princes of the king and all his counselors advised the king to cause one to reign in his stead in the land, whomsoever he should choose from his sons.

50 And the king had three sons and two daughters which Aparanith the queen his wife had borne to him, besides the king's children of concubines.

51 And these were their names, the firstborn Othri, the second Adikam, and the third Morion, and their sisters, the name of the elder Bathia and of the other Acuzi.

52 And Othri the first born of the king was an idiot, precipitate and hurried in his words.

53 But Adikam was a cunning and wise man and knowing in all the wisdom of Egypt, but of unseemly aspect, thick in flesh, and very short in stature; his height was one cubit.

54 And when the king saw Adikam his son intelligent and wise in all things, the king resolved that he should be king in his stead after his death.

55 And he took for him a wife Gedudah daughter of Abilot, and he was ten years old, and she bare unto him four sons.

56 And he afterward went and took three wives and begat eight sons and three daughters.

57 And the disorder greatly prevailed over the king, and his flesh stank like the flesh of a carcass cast upon the field in summer time, during the heat of the sun.

58 And when the king saw that his sickness had greatly strengthened itself over him, he ordered his son Adikam to be brought to him, and they made him king over the land in his place.

59 And at the end of three years, the king died, in shame, disgrace, and disgust, and his servants carried him and buried him in the sepulcher of the kings of Egypt in Zoan Mizraim.

60 But they embalmed him not as was usual with kings, for his flesh was putrid, and they could not approach to embalm him on account of the stench, so they buried him in haste.

61 For this evil was from Yahweh to him, for Yahweh had requited him evil for the evil which in his days he had done to Israel.

62 And he died with terror and with shame, and his son Adikam reigned in his place.

Jasher 77:1-51

1 Adikam was twenty years old when he reigned over Egypt, he reigned four years.

2 In the two hundred and sixth year of Israel's going down to Egypt did Adikam reign over Egypt, but he continued not so long in his reign over Egypt as his fathers had continued their reigns.

3 For Melol his father reigned ninety-four years in Egypt, but he was ten years sick and died, for he had been wicked before Yahweh.

4 And all the Egyptians called the name of Adikam Pharaoh like the name of his fathers, as was their custom to do in Egypt.

5 And all the wise men of Pharaoh called the name of Adikam Ahuz, for short is called Ahuz in the Egyptian language.

6 And Adikam was exceedingly ugly, and he was a cubit and a span and he had a great beard which reached to the soles of his feet.

7 And Pharaoh sat upon his father's throne to reign over Egypt, and he conducted the government of Egypt in his wisdom.

8 And whilst he reigned he exceeded his father and all the preceding kings in wickedness, and he increased his yoke over the children of Israel.

9 And he went with his servants to Goshen to the children of Israel, and he strengthened the labor over them and he said unto them, Complete your work, each day's task, and let not your hands slacken from our work from this day forward as you did in the days of my father.

10 And he placed officers over them from amongst the children of Israel, and over these officers he placed taskmasters from amongst his servants.

11 And he placed over them a measure of bricks for them to do according to that number, day by day, and he turned back and went to Egypt.

12 At that time the task-masters of Pharaoh ordered the officers of the children of Israel according to the command of Pharaoh, saying,

13 Thus says Pharaoh, Do your work each day, and finish your task, and observe the daily measure of bricks; diminish not anything.

14 And it shall come to pass that if you are deficient in your daily bricks, I will put your young children in their stead.

15 And the task-masters of Egypt did so in those days as Pharaoh had ordered them.

16 And whenever any deficiency was found in the children of Israel's measure of their daily bricks, the task-masters of Pharaoh would go to the wives of the children of Israel and take infants of the children of Israel to the number of bricks deficient, they would take them by force from their mother's laps, and put them in the building instead of the bricks;

17 Whilst their fathers and mothers were crying over them and weeping when they heard the weeping voices of their infants in the wall of the building.

18 And the task-masters prevailed over Israel, that the Israelites should place their children in the building, so that a man placed his son in the wall and put mortar over him, whilst his eyes wept over him, and his tears ran down upon his child.

19 And the task-masters of Egypt did so to the babes of Israel for many days, and no one pitied or had compassion over the babes of the children of Israel.

20 And the number of all the children killed in the building was two hundred and seventy, some whom they had built upon instead of the bricks which had been left deficient by their fathers, and some whom they had drawn out dead from the building.

21 And the labor imposed upon the children of Israel in the days of Adikam exceeded in hardship that which they performed in the days of his father.

22 And the children of Israel sighed every day on account of their heavy work, for they had said to themselves, Behold when Pharaoh shall die, his son will rise up and lighten our work!

23 But they increased the latter work more than the former, and the children of Israel sighed at this and their cry ascended to God on account of their labor.

24 And God heard the voice of the children of Israel and their cry, in those days, and God remembered to them His covenant which He had made with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.

25 And God saw the burden of the children of Israel, and their heavy work in those days, and He determined to deliver them.

26 And Moses the son of Amram was still confined in the dungeon in those days, in the house of Reuel the Midianite, and Zipporah the daughter of Reuel did support him with food secretly day by day.

27 And Moses was confined in the dungeon in the house of Reuel for ten years.

28 And at the end of ten years which was the first year of the reign of Pharaoh over Egypt, in the place of his father,

29 Zipporah said to her father Reuel, No person inquires or seeks after the Hebrew man, whom thou didst bind in prison now ten years.

30 Now therefore, if it seem good in thy sight, let us send and see whether he is living or dead, but her father knew not that she had supported him.

31 And Reuel her father answered and said to her, Has ever such a thing happened that a man should be shut up in a prison without food for ten years, and that he should live?

32 And Zipporah answered her father, saying, Surely thou hast heard that the God of the Hebrews is great and awful, and does wonders for them at all times.

33 He it was who delivered Abraham from Ur of the Chaldeans, and Isaac from the sword of his father, and Jacob from the angel of Yahweh who wrestled with him at the ford of Jabbuk.

34 Also with this man has He done many things, He delivered him from the river in Egypt and from the sword of Pharaoh, and from the children of Cush, so also can He deliver him from famine and make him live.

35 And the thing seemed good in the sight of Reuel, and he did according to the word of his daughter, and sent to the dungeon to ascertain what became of Moses.

36 And he saw, and behold the man Moses was living in the dungeon, standing upon his feet, praising and praying to the God of his ancestors.

37 And Reuel commanded Moses to be brought out of the dungeon, so they shaved him and he changed his prison garments and ate bread.

38 And afterward Moses went into the garden of Reuel which was behind the house, and he there prayed to Yahweh his God, who had done mighty wonders for him.

39 And it was that whilst he prayed he looked opposite to him, and behold a sapphire stick was placed in the ground, which was planted in the midst of the garden.

40 And he approached the stick and he looked, and behold the name of Yahweh God of hosts was engraved thereon, written and developed upon the stick.

41 And he read it and stretched forth his hand and he plucked it like a forest tree from the thicket, and the stick was in his hand.

42 And this is the stick with which all the works of our God were performed, after He had created heaven and earth, and all the host of them, seas, rivers and all their fishes.

43 And when God had driven Adam from the garden of Eden, he took the stick in his hand and went and tilled the ground from which he was taken.

44 And the stick came down to Noah and was given to Shem and his descendants, until it came into the hand of Abraham the Hebrew.

45 And when Abraham had given all he had to his son Isaac, he also gave to him this stick.

46 And when Jacob had fled to Padan-aram, he took it into his hand, and when he returned to his father he had not left it behind him.

47 Also when he went down to Egypt he took it into his hand and gave it to Joseph, one portion above his brethren, for Jacob had taken it by force from his brother Esau.

48 And after the death of Joseph, the nobles of Egypt came into the house of Joseph, and the stick came into the hand of Reuel the Midianite, and when he went out of Egypt, he took it in his hand and planted it in his garden.

49 And all the mighty men of the Kinites tried to pluck it when they endeavored to get Zipporah his daughter, but they were unsuccessful.

50 So that stick remained planted in the garden of Reuel, until he came who had a right to it and took it.

51 And when Reuel saw the stick in the hand of Moses, he wondered at it, and he gave him his daughter Zipporah for a wife.

 2:21  And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter.

Jasher 78:1-8

1 At that time died Baal Channan son of Achbor, king of Edom, and was buried in his house in the land of Edom.

2 And after his death the children of Esau sent to the land of Edom, and took from there a man who was in Edom, whose name was Hadad, and they made him king over them in the place of Baal Channan, their king.

3 And Hadad reigned over the children of Edom forty-eight years.

4 And when he reigned he resolved to fight against the children of Moab, to bring them under the power of the children of Esau as they were before, but he was not able, because the children of Moab heard this thing, and they rose up and hastened to elect a king over them from amongst their brethren.

5 And they afterward gathered together a great people, and sent to the children of Ammon their brethren for help to fight against Hadad king of Edom.

6 And Hadad heard the thing which the children of Moab had done, and was greatly afraid of them, and refrained from fighting against them.

7 In those days Moses, the son of Amram, in Midian, took Zipporah, the daughter of Reuel the Midianite, for a wife.

8 And Zipporah walked in the ways of the daughters of Jacob, she was nothing short of the righteousness of Sarah, Rebecca, Rachel and Leah.

 2:22  And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, I have been a stranger in a strange (racially alien) land.

Stranger is gare, meaning sojourning kinsman.

Gershom was the son of Moses. Moses was a sojourning kinsman of Reuel by race, in a land that they were temporarily inhabiting. Hence, gare (Gershom), sojourning kinsman.

Strange is nokriy. Racially alien. The land belonged to the Hyksos Egyptians who were Canaanites.

Jasher 78:9-13

9 And Zipporah conceived and bare a son and he called his name Gershom, for he said, I was a stranger in a foreign land; but he circumcised not his foreskin, at the command of Reuel his father-in-law.

10 And she conceived again and bare a son, but circumcised his foreskin, and called his name Eliezer, for Moses said, Because the God of my fathers was my help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh.

11 And Pharaoh king of Egypt greatly increased the labor of the children of Israel in those days, and continued to make his yoke heavier upon the children of Israel.

12 And he ordered a proclamation to be made in Egypt, saying, Give no more straw to the people to make bricks with, let them go and gather themselves straw as they can find it.

13 Also the tale of bricks which they shall make let them give each day, and diminish nothing from them, for they are idle in their work.

 2:23  And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage.   (Deut 26:7)

 2:24  And God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.   (Gen 15:13-14)

Psalm 105:8  He hath remembered His covenant for ever, the word which He commanded to a thousand generations.

105:42  For He remembered His holy promise, and Abraham His servant.

 2:25  And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them.

Jethro means his excellence and was a title of authority, not a proper name. Evidently he was some sort of local official, a judge, as well as a priest.

 

 

The burning bush

Exodus 3:1  Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro (Reuel) his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb.

 3:2  And the angel of Yahweh appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed.

The word angel is messenger in Hebrew. A divine being of great power and could bring a blessing or great destruction and death at the command of Yahweh.

 3:3  And Moses said, I will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.

 3:4  And when Yahweh saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, Moses, Moses. And he said, Here am I.

 3:5  And He said, Draw not nigh hither: put off your shoes from off your feet, for the place whereon you standest is holy ground.

 3:6  Moreover he said, I am the God of your father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God.

 3:7  And Yahweh said, I have surely seen the affliction of My people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows;

 3:8  And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites.

Genesis 50:24  And Joseph said unto his brethren, I die: and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which He sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.

 3:9  Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them.

 3:10  Come now therefore, and I will send you unto Pharaoh, that you mayest bring forth My people the children of Israel out of Egypt.

 3:11  And Moses said unto God, Who am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt?

 3:12  And He said, Certainly I will be with you; and this shall be a token unto you, that I have sent you: When you hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, you shall serve God upon this mountain.

 3:13  And Moses said unto God, Behold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you; and they shall say to me, What is His name? what shall I say unto them?

 3:14  And God said unto Moses, I AM THAT I AM: and He said, Thus shalt you say unto the children of Israel, I AM hath sent me unto you.

Yahweh is His name. God is a title. Lord is a title, and the title of Baal. Lord is NOT His name and when you call upon the Lord, you are calling upon Satan (Lord).

Revelation 1:8  I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith Yahweh, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.

 3:15  And God said moreover unto Moses, Thus shalt you say unto the children of Israel, Yahweh God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you: this is My name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations (of Jacob).

In verses 13-15 the Holy Name is first introduced. Moses used the Name in all five books, because he already knew the Name when they were written. Hayah means to be in Hebrew. Hayah Asher Hayah means I will become what I will become. Yahweh became a burning bush, pillar of fire, pillar of cloud, a man that wrestled with Jacob, and He became Yahshua the Messiah in the fleshly body of a man. Only Yahweh could redeem Israel, and His Spirit had to become a man temporarily to become the final passover lamb of our redemption. This is why the Name has such great meaning here. It is a prophecy in itself of what is to come. Verse 15 clearly states that Yahweh is His Name forever.

Psalm 135:13  Thy name, O YAHWEH, endureth for ever; and thy memorial, O YAHWEH, throughout all generations.

 3:16  Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, Yahweh God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt:

Luke 1:68  Blessed be Yahweh God of Israel; for He hath visited and redeemed His people,

 3:17  And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.

 3:18  And they shall hearken to your voice: and you shalt come, you and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and you shall say unto him, Yahweh God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech you, three days' journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to Yahweh our God.

 3:19  And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand.

The king of Egypt was a Hyksos Canaanite.

 3:20  And I will stretch out My hand, and smite Egypt with all My wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go.

 3:21  And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when you go, you shall not go empty:

Wisdom 10:17  Rendered to the righteous a reward of their labours, guided them in a marvellous way, and was unto them for a cover by day, and a light of stars in the night season;

 3:22  But every woman shall borrow (ask) of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and you shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and you shall spoil the Egyptians.

Septuagint: Job 27:17  All these things shall the righteous gain, and the truehearted shall possess his wealth.

 

 

Yahweh equips Moses

Moses returns to Egypt

Exodus 4:1  And Moses answered and said, But, behold, they will not believe me, nor hearken unto my voice: for they will say, Yahweh hath not appeared unto you.

 4:2  And Yahweh said unto him, What is that in your hand? And he said, A rod.

 4:3  And He said, Cast it on the ground. And he cast it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from before it.

 4:4  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Put forth your hand, and take it by the tail. And he put forth his hand, and caught it, and it became a rod in his hand:

 4:5  That they may believe that Yahweh God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath appeared unto you.

 4:6  And Yahweh said furthermore unto him, Put now your hand into your bosom. And he put his hand into his bosom: and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous as snow.

 4:7  And He said, Put your hand into your bosom again. And he put his hand into his bosom again; and plucked it out of his bosom, and, behold, it was turned again as his other flesh.

 4:8  And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe you, neither hearken to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the voice of the latter sign.

 4:9  And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe also these two signs, neither hearken unto your voice, that you shalt take of the water of the river, and pour it upon the dry land: and the water which you takest out of the river shall become blood upon the dry land.

 4:10  And Moses said unto Yahweh, O my Elohiym, I am not eloquent, neither heretofore, nor since you hast spoken unto your servant: but I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue.

Moses had burned his mouth with a hot coal in infancy and had a speech impediment from the injury. (Jasher 70:29)

 4:11  And Yahweh said unto him, Who hath made man's mouth? or who maketh the dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? have not I Yahweh?

Psalm 94:9  He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? He that formed the eye, shall he not see?

 4:12  Now therefore go, and I will be with your mouth, and teach you what you shalt say.

Isaiah 50:4  Yahweh GOD hath given me the tongue of the learned, that I should know how to speak a word in season to him that is weary: He wakeneth morning by morning, He wakeneth mine ear to hear as the learned.

Jeremiah 1:9  Then Yahweh put forth His hand, and touched my mouth. And Yahweh said unto me, Behold, I have put My words in thy mouth.

Matthew 10:19  But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak.

 4:13  And he said, O my Elohiym, send, I pray you, by the hand of him whom you wilt send.

Septuagint: 13  And Moses said, I pray thee, Yahweh, appoint another able person whom thou shalt send.

 4:14  And the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Moses, and He said, Is not Aaron the Levite your brother? I know that he can speak well. And also, behold, he cometh forth to meet you: and when he seeth you, he will be glad in his heart.

 4:15  And you shalt speak unto him, and put words in his mouth: and I will be with your mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what you shall do.

 4:16  And he shall be your spokesman unto the people: and he shall be, even he shall be to you instead of a mouth, and you shalt be to him instead of God.

 4:17  And you shalt take this rod in your hand, wherewith you shalt do signs.

 4:18  And Moses went and returned to Jethro his father in law, and said unto him, Let me go, I pray you, and return unto my brethren which are in Egypt, and see whether they be yet alive. And Jethro said to Moses, Go in peace.

 4:19  And Yahweh said unto Moses in Midian, Go, return into Egypt: for all the men are dead which sought your life.

 4:20  And Moses took his wife and his sons, and set them upon an ass, and he returned to the land of Egypt: and Moses took the rod of God in his hand.

 4:21  And Yahweh said unto Moses, When you goest to return into Egypt, see that you do all those wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in your hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go.

 4:22  And you shalt say unto Pharaoh, Thus saith Yahweh, Israel is My son, even My firstborn:

Yahweh is putting Jacob (the children of Israel) above all Adamites (those of the generations of Adam). Yahweh chose Jacob as His light bearers. The city on the hill. The government of His kingdom.

Hosea 11:1  When Israel (the people) was a child, then I loved him, and called My son out of Egypt.

Romans 9:4  Who are Israelites; whose is the position of sons, and the honor, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises;

 4:23  And I say unto you, Let My son go, that he may serve Me: and if you refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay your son, even your firstborn.

Verses 24-26 is a separate and confusing section. Possibly a mistranslation from the corrupted Masoretic texts.

 4:24  And it came to pass by the way in the inn, that Yahweh met him, and sought to kill him.

Septuagint: 24  And it came to pass that the angel of Yahweh met him by the way in the inn, and sought to slay him.

Moses had not circumcised Gershom his son, as commanded by Yahweh in Genesis 17.

Jasher 79:8-12

8 And Moses rose up to go to Egypt, and he took his wife and sons with him, and he was at an inn in the road, and an angel of God came down, and sought an occasion against him.

9 And he wished to kill him on account of his first born son, because he had not circumcised him, and had transgressed the covenant which Yahweh had made with Abraham.

10 For Moses had hearkened to the words of his father-in-law which he had spoken to him, not to circumcise his first born son, therefore he circumcised him not.

11 And Zipporah saw the angel of Yahweh seeking an occasion against Moses, and she knew that this thing was owing to his not having circumcised her son Gershom.

12 And Zipporah hastened and took of the sharp rock stones that were there, and she circumcised her son, and delivered her husband and her son from the hand of the angel of Yahweh.

Genesis 17:14  And the uncircumcised man child whose flesh of his foreskin is not circumcised, that soul shall be cut off from his people; he hath broken My covenant.

 4:25  Then Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his feet, and said, Surely a bloody husband art you to me.

 4:26  So he let him go: then she said, A bloody husband you art, because of the circumcision.

Jasher 79:13 And Aaron the son of Amram, the brother of Moses, was in Egypt walking at the river side on that day.

 4:27  And Yahweh said to Aaron, Go into the wilderness to meet Moses. And he went, and met him in the mount of God, and kissed him.

Jasher 79:16-18

16 And Moses said unto him, They are my wife and sons, which God gave to me in Midian; and the thing grieved Aaron on account of the woman and her children.

17 And Aaron said to Moses, Send away the woman and her children that they may go to her father's house, and Moses hearkened to the words of Aaron, and did so.

18 And Zipporah returned with her children, and they went to the house of Reuel, and remained there until the time arrived when Yahweh had visited His people, and brought them forth from Egypt from the hand at Pharaoh.

 4:28  And Moses told Aaron all the words of Yahweh who had sent him, and all the signs which He had commanded him.

 4:29  And Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel:

 4:30  And Aaron spake all the words which Yahweh had spoken unto Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people.

The signs of the rod and the hand, from verses 3-9.  

 4:31  And the people believed: and when they heard that Yahweh had visited the children of Israel, and that He had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped.

 

 

Pharaoh oppresses Israel

Jasher 79:20-24

20 And Moses and Aaron rose up early on the next day, and they went to the house of Pharaoh, and they took in their hands the stick of God.

21 And when they came to the king's gate, two young lions were confined there with iron instruments, and no person went out or came in from before them, unless those whom the king ordered to come, when the conjurors came and withdrew the lions by their incantations, and this brought them to the king.

22 And Moses hastened and lifted up the stick upon the lions, and he loosed them, and Moses and Aaron came into the king's house.

23 The lions also came with them in joy, and they followed them and rejoiced as a dog rejoices over his master when he comes from the field.

24 And when Pharaoh saw this thing he was astonished at it, and he was greatly terrified at the report, for their appearance was like the appearance of the children of God.

Exodus 5:1  And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, Thus saith Yahweh God of Israel, Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.

 5:2  And Pharaoh said, Who is Yahweh, that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I know not Yahweh, neither will I let Israel go.

 5:3  And they said, The God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray you, three days' journey into the desert, and sacrifice unto Yahweh our God; lest He fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.

 5:4  And the king of Egypt said unto them, Wherefore do ye, Moses and Aaron, let the people from their works? get you unto your burdens.

 5:5  And Pharaoh said, Behold, the people of the land now are many, and you make them rest from their burdens.

 5:6  And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying,

 5:7  Ye shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves.

 5:8  And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, you shall lay upon them; you shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, Let us go and sacrifice to our God.

 5:9  Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words.

 5:10  And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, Thus saith Pharaoh, I will not give you straw.

 5:11  Go ye, get you straw where you can find it: yet not ought of your work shall be diminished.

 5:12  So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw.

Now the officers and taskmasters of the people were also some Hebrews. Those of the Hebrews that sold out and served the Hyksos Egyptians that lorded over them. Just like today, those of our own race have chosen to side with the Jews and uphold their laws and regulations over us.

 5:13  And the taskmasters hasted them, saying, Fulfil your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw.

 5:14  And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh's taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, and demanded, Wherefore have you not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and to day, as heretofore?

 5:15  Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, Wherefore dealest you thus with your servants?

 5:16  There is no straw given unto your servants, and they say to us, Make brick: and, behold, your servants are beaten; but the fault is in your own people.

 5:17  But he said, Ye are idle, you are idle: therefore you say, Let us go and do sacrifice to Yahweh.

 5:18  Go therefore now, and work; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall you deliver the tale of bricks.

Idle is H7503 'raphah', meaning to slacken, cease, be slothful.

Of course Pharaoh would be saying they are lazy and slothful. Another part of the definition in H7503 is forsake and let alone. Pharaoh may have also been saying that God has forsaken them.

In relation is H7495 'rapha raphah', meaning to mend (by stitching), that is, (figuratively) to cure: - cure, (cause to) heal, physician, repair, X thoroughly, make whole.

Which is what Yahweh did when He took them by the hand out of Egypt.

 5:19  And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case (in an evil situation), after it was said, Ye shall not minish ought from your bricks of your daily task.

The traitor Hebrew taskmasters realized that this order from Pharaoh affected them too.

 5:20  And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh:

 5:21  And they said unto them, Yahweh look upon you, and judge; because you have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.

 5:22  And Moses returned unto Yahweh, and said, Yahweh, wherefore hast You so evil entreated this people? why is it that You hast sent me?

 5:23  For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Your name, he hath done evil to this people; neither hast You delivered Your people at all.

Jasher 79:27-31

27 And when they had gone Pharaoh sent for Balaam the magician and to Jannes and Jambres his sons, and to all the magicians and conjurors and counsellors which belonged to the king, and they all came and sat before the king.

28 And the king told them all the words which Moses and his brother Aaron had spoken to him, and the magicians said to the king, But how came the men to thee, on account of the lions which were confined at the gate?

29 And the king said, Because they lifted up their rod against the lions and loosed them, and came to me, and the lions also rejoiced at them as a dog rejoices to meet his master.

30 And Balaam the son of Beor the magician answered the king, saying, These are none else than magicians like ourselves.

31 Now therefore send for them, and let them come and we will try them, and the king did so.

 

Deliverance promised

Aaron to speak for Moses

Exodus 6:1  Then Yahweh said unto Moses, Now shalt you see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.

 6:2  And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am Yahweh:

 6:3  And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty (El Shadday), but by My name Yahweh was I not known to them.

The last part of verse 3 has been changed by translators. It was rearranged and changed to a statement instead of a question, which is what it is in the original Hebrew. It should read: “...was I not known to them?”

Jehovah is based on the Masoretic texts. The Masoretic texts are a distorted version of the laws of Moses (Torah). Jehovah was derived by a scribe in the middle ages by miscombining vowel points. The Jews, who are NOT Israel, but are descendants of Cain and Esau, are responsible for the perversion of scripture. It is a bastardized version of Yahweh.

The old Hebrew had no vowels. God's name, Yahweh, is YHWH in Hebrew.

Genesis 17:1  And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, Yahweh appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before Me, and be thou perfect.

 6:4  And I have also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.

Strangers here is gur. Sojourners.

 6:5  And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered My covenant.

 6:6  Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am Yahweh, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:

 6:7  And I will take you to Me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and you shall know that I am Yahweh your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.

 6:8  And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am Yahweh.

Notice the exclusivity of Yahweh's promises and covenants with the children of Israel.

The “churches” teach that everybody was added to these covenants and promises.

 6:9  And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.

 6:10  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 6:11  Go in, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land.

 6:12  And Moses spake before Yahweh, saying, Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkened unto me; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am of uncircumcised lips (not eloquent)?

 6:13  And Yahweh spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.

 6:14  These be the heads of their fathers' houses: The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these be the families (clans) of Reuben.

 6:15  And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman (Shaul was of mixed blood): these are the families (clans) of Simeon.

 6:16  And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years.

 6:17  The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according to their families (clans).

 6:18  And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years.

 6:19  And the sons of Merari; Mahali and Mushi: these are the families (clans) of Levi according to their generations.

 6:20  And Amram took him Jochebed his father's sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years.

Jasher 67:3 And the woman conceived and bare a daughter, and she called her name Miriam, because in those days the Egyptians had embittered the lives of the children of Israel.

Miriam was Aaron and Moses older sister.

 6:21  And the sons of Izhar; Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri.

 6:22  And the sons of Uzziel; Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Zithri.

 6:23  And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bare him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.

 6:24  And the sons of Korah; Assir, and Elkanah, and Abiasaph: these are the families (clans) of the Korhites.

 6:25  And Eleazar Aaron's son took him one of the daughters of Putiel to wife; and she bare him Phinehas: these are the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families (clans).

 6:26  These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom Yahweh said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies (hosts).

Yahweh of armies (hosts).

Romans 9:29  And as Isaiah said before, Except Yahweh of Sabaoth (armies, hosts) had left us a seed, we had been as Sodoma, and been made like unto Gomorrha.

 6:27  These are they which spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron.

Psalm 77:20  You leddest thy people like a flock by the hand of Moses and Aaron.

 6:28  And it came to pass on the day when Yahweh spake unto Moses in the land of Egypt,

 6:29  That Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying, I am Yahweh: speak you unto Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say unto you.

 6:30  And Moses said before Yahweh, Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken unto me?

 

 

Moses' rod

Exodus 7:1  And Yahweh said unto Moses, See, I have made you a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet.

Little 'g' god here is a person of importance or a judge. Moses was as close as Pharaoh would get to talking with Yahweh.

 7:2  You shalt speak all that I command you: and Aaron your brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he send the children of Israel out of his land.

 7:3  And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, and multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt.

 7:4  But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay My hand upon Egypt, and bring forth Mine armies, and My people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments.

 7:5  And the Egyptians shall know that I am Yahweh, when I stretch forth Mine hand upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them.

 7:6  And Moses and Aaron did as Yahweh commanded them, so did they.

 7:7  And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spake unto Pharaoh.

Jasher 79:32-35

32 And in the morning Pharaoh sent for Moses and Aaron to come before the king, and they took the rod of God, and came to the king and spoke to him, saying,

33 Thus said Yahweh God of the Hebrews, Send My people that they may serve Me.

34 And the king said to them, But who will believe you that you are the messengers of God and that you come to me by His order?

35 Now therefore give a wonder or sign in this matter, and then the words which you speak will be believed.

 7:8  And Yahweh spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying,

 7:9  When Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying, Shew a miracle for you: then you shalt say unto Aaron, Take your rod, and cast it before Pharaoh, and it shall become a serpent.

The Hebrew has crocodile where the KJV has serpent. The crocodile was a mystical symbol of Egypt and the power symbol for Pharaoh.

 7:10  And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as Yahweh had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent (crocodile).

 7:11  Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments.

2Timothy 3:8  Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist the truth: men of corrupt minds, reprobate concerning the faith.

 7:12  For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents (crocodiles): but Aaron's rod swallowed up their rods.

Jasher 79:39-42

39 And Balaam the magician answered and said, This thing has been from the days of old, that a serpent should swallow its fellow, and that living things devour each other.

40 Now therefore restore it to a rod as it was at first, and we will also restore our rods as they were at first, and if thy rod shall swallow our rods, then shall we know that the spirit of God is in thee, and if not, thou art only an artificer like unto ourselves.

41 And Aaron hastened and stretched forth his hand and caught hold of the serpent's tail and it became a rod in his hand, and the sorcerers did the like with their rods, and they got hold, each man of the tail of his serpent, and they became rods as at first.

42 And when they were restored to rods, the rod of Aaron swallowed up their rods.

 7:13  And He hardened Pharaoh's heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as Yahweh had said.

 7:14  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Pharaoh's heart is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go.

Serpent in verses 9-11 come from H8577 tanniyn tanniym, dragon, land or sea monster, (reptile).

Serpent in the next verse (15) is nachash, an actual serpent.

 7:15  Get you unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out unto the water; and you shalt stand by the river's brink against he come; and the rod which was turned to a serpent shalt you take in your hand.

 7:16  And you shalt say unto him, Yahweh God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto you, saying, Let My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness: and, behold, hitherto you wouldest not hear.

 7:17  Thus saith Yahweh, In this you shalt know that I am Yahweh: behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood.

Revelation 16:4  And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood.

 7:18  And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe (become weary) to drink of the water of the river.

 7:19  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Take your rod, and stretch out your hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.

 7:20  And Moses and Aaron did so, as Yahweh commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood.   (Jasher 80:3)

Psalm 78:44  And had turned their rivers into blood; and their floods, that they could not drink.

 7:21  And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt.

 7:22  And the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, neither did he hearken unto them; as Yahweh had said.

 7:23  And Pharaoh turned and went into his house, neither did he set his heart to this also.

 7:24  And all the Egyptians digged round about the river for water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of the river.

Jasher 80:4-5

4 And when an Egyptian came to drink and draw water, he looked into his pitcher, and behold all the water was turned into blood; and when he came to drink from his cup the water in the cup became blood.

5 And when a woman kneaded her dough and cooked her victuals, their appearance was turned to that of blood.

 7:25  And seven days were fulfilled, after that Yahweh had smitten the river.

 

The plagues of frogs and lice

Exodus 8:1  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, Go unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith Yahweh, Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

 8:2  And if you refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all your borders with frogs:

 8:3  And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into your house, and into your bedchamber, and upon your bed, and into the house of your servants, and upon your people, and into your ovens, and into your kneadingtroughs:

Psalm 105:30  Their land brought forth frogs in abundance, in the chambers of their kings.

 8:4  And the frogs shall come up both on you, and upon your people, and upon all your servants.

 8:5  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch forth your hand with your rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.

 8:6  And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt.

 8:7  And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt.

Jasher 80:7-8

7 And when the Egyptians drank, their bellies were filled with frogs and they danced in their bellies as they dance when in the river.

8 And all their drinking water and cooking water turned to frogs, also when they lay in their beds their perspiration bred frogs.

 8:8  Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Intreat Yahweh, that he may take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto Yahweh.

The magicians could bring frogs, but they couldn't get rid of them, so Pharaoh had to ask Moses to ask Yahweh to get rid of the frogs.

 8:9  And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Glory over me: when shall I intreat for you, and for your servants, and for your people, to destroy the frogs from you and your houses, that they may remain in the river only?

 8:10  And he said, To morrow. And he said, Be it according to your word: that you mayest know that there is none like unto Yahweh our God.

 8:11  And the frogs shall depart from you, and from your houses, and from your servants, and from your people; they shall remain in the river only.

 8:12  And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh: and Moses cried unto Yahweh because of the frogs which He had brought against Pharaoh.

 8:13  And Yahweh did according to the word of Moses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the villages, and out of the fields.

 8:14  And they gathered them together upon heaps: and the land stank.

 8:15  But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite (relief), he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as Yahweh had said.

Ecclesiastes 8:11  Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.

 8:16  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out your rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice (a gnat swarm) throughout all the land of Egypt.

H3643 ken,  gnat swarm. Lice is wrong.

 8:17  And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice (a gnat swarm) in man, and in beast; all the dust of the land became lice (gnat swarms) throughout all the land of Egypt.

Psalm 105:31  He spake, and there came divers sorts of flies, and lice in all their coasts.

 8:18  And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice (gnats), but they could not: so there were lice (gnats) upon man, and upon beast.

 8:19  Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, This is the finger of God: and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as Yahweh had said.

Luke 11:20  But if I with the finger of God cast out devils, no doubt the kingdom of God is come upon you.

 8:20  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh; lo, he cometh forth to the water; and say unto him, Thus saith Yahweh, Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

 8:21  Else, if you wilt not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon you, and upon your servants, and upon your people, and into your houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are.

The Hebrew has mosquitoes.

 8:22  And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end you mayest know that I am Yahweh in the midst of the earth.

 8:23  And I will put a division (ransom) between My people and your people: to morrow shall this sign be.

 8:24  And Yahweh did so; and there came a grievous swarm of flies (mosquitoes) into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants' houses, and into all the land of Egypt: the land was corrupted by reason of the swarm of flies (mosquitoes).

Psalm 78:45  He sent divers sorts of flies among them, which devoured them; and frogs, which destroyed them.

Jasher 80:13-26

13 And Yahweh sent all kinds of beasts of the field into Egypt, and they came and destroyed all Egypt, man and beast, and trees, and all things that were in Egypt.

14 And Yahweh sent fiery serpents, scorpions, mice, weasels, toads, together with others creeping in dust.

15 Flies, hornets, fleas, bugs and gnats, each swarm according to its kind.

16 And all reptiles and winged animals according to their kind came to Egypt and grieved the Egyptians exceedingly.

17 And the fleas and flies came into the eyes and ears of the Egyptians.

18 And the hornet came upon them and drove them away, and they removed from it into their inner rooms, and it pursued them.

19 And when the Egyptians hid themselves on account of the swarm of animals, they locked their doors after them, and God ordered the Sulanuth which was in the sea, to come up and go into Egypt.

20 And she had long arms, ten cubits in length of the cubit of a man.

21 And she went upon the roofs and uncovered the raftering and flooring and cut them, and stretched forth her arm into the house and removed the lock and the bolt, and opened the houses of Egypt.

22 Afterward came the swarm of animals into the houses of Egypt, and the swarm of animals destroyed the Egyptians, and it grieved them exceedingly.

23 Notwithstanding this the anger of Yahweh did not turn away from the Egyptians, and His hand was yet stretched forth against them.

24 And God sent the pestilence, and the pestilence pervaded Egypt, in the horses and asses, and in the camels, in herds of oxen and sheep and in man.

25 And when the Egyptians rose up early in the morning to take their cattle to pasture they found all their cattle dead.

26 And there remained of the cattle of the Egyptians only one in ten, and of the cattle belonging to Israel in Goshen not one died.

 8:25  And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, Go ye, sacrifice to your God in the land.

 8:26  And Moses said, It is not meet so (set up) to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to Yahweh our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, and will they not stone us?

Genesis 43:32  And they set on for him (Joseph) by himself, and for them (his brothers) by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.

The Egyptians despised shepherds. Egypt was a high class society and looked down on the simple shepherds (sheep herders). The Egyptians evidently did not like sheep. Even when Joseph's brothers came to Egypt, before they knew it was Joseph, they ate at separate tables than the Egyptians. They likely did not even wear wool clothing in hot Egypt.

 8:27  We will go three days' journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to Yahweh our God, as He shall command us.

 8:28  And Pharaoh said, I will let you go, that you may sacrifice to Yahweh your God in the wilderness; only you shall not go very far away: intreat for me.

 8:29  And Moses said, Behold, I go out from you, and I will intreat Yahweh that the swarms of flies (mosquitoes) may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, to morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to Yahweh.

 8:30  And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated Yahweh.

 8:31  And Yahweh did according to the word of Moses; and He removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one.

 8:32  And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go.

 

 

The plagues of boils and hail and fire

Exodus 9:1  Then Yahweh said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith Yahweh God of the Hebrews, Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

 9:2  For if you refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still,

 9:3  Behold, the hand of Yahweh is upon your cattle (livestock) which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.

 9:4  And Yahweh shall sever (separate) between the cattle (livestock) of Israel and the cattle (livestock) of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel.

Yahweh makes a clear distinction of His chosen people, Israel.

 9:5  And Yahweh appointed a set time, saying, To morrow Yahweh shall do this thing in the land.

 9:6  And Yahweh did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle (livestock) of Egypt died: but of the cattle (livestock) of the children of Israel died not one.

 9:7  And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle (livestock) of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.

 9:8  And Yahweh said unto Moses and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the (brick) furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh.

The Israelites made the bricks to build with.

 9:9  And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains (puss) upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.

 9:10  And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains (puss) upon man, and upon beast.

Revelation 16:2  And the first (angel) went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.

 9:11  And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.

Jasher 80:27-28

27 And God sent a burning inflammation in the flesh of the Egyptians, which burst their skins, and it became a severe itch in all the Egyptians from the soles of their feet to the crowns of their heads.

28 And many boils were in their flesh, that their flesh wasted away until they became rotten and putrid.

 9:12  And Yahweh hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as Yahweh had spoken unto Moses.

 9:13  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith Yahweh God of the Hebrews, Let My people go, that they may serve Me.

 9:14  For I will at this time send all My plagues upon your heart, and upon your servants, and upon your people; that you mayest know that there is none like Me in all the earth (land).

3Maccabees 2:6  You didst make known Thy power when You causedst the bold Pharaoh, the enslaver of Thy people, to pass through the ordeal of many and diverse inflictions.

Romans 9:17  For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew My power in thee, and that My name might be declared throughout all the earth (land).

 9:15  For now I will stretch out My hand, that I may smite you and your people with pestilence; and you shalt be cut off from the earth (land).

 9:16  And in very deed for this cause have I raised you up, for to shew in you My power; and that My name may be declared throughout all the earth (land).

Proverbs 16:4  Yahweh hath made all things for Himself: yea, even the wicked for the day of evil.

Romans 9:17  For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, Even for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew My power in thee, and that My name might be declared throughout all the earth.

 9:17  As yet exaltest you yourself against My people, that you wilt not let them go?

 9:18  Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now.

 9:19  Send therefore now, and gather your cattle (livestock), and all that you hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.

 9:20  He that feared (respected) the word of Yahweh among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle (livestock) flee into the houses:

 9:21  And he that regarded not the word of Yahweh left his servants and his cattle (livestock) in the field.

 9:22  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Stretch forth your hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.

Revelation 16:21  And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.

 9:23  And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and Yahweh sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and Yahweh rained hail upon the land of Egypt.

Psalm 18:13  Yahweh also thundered in the heavens, and the Highest gave His voice; hail stones and coals of fire.

78:47  He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycamore trees with frost.

 9:24  So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation.

Revelation 8:7  The first messenger sounded, and there followed hail and fire mingled with blood, and they were cast upon the earth: and the third part of trees was burnt up, and all green grass was burnt up.

16:21  And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great.  

 9:25  And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.

 9:26  Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail.

Further proof of the separate status of Israel. Clear signs that Yahweh chose Israel above all others.

 9:27  And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, I have sinned this time: Yahweh is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.

False humility.

 9:28  Intreat Yahweh (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and you shall stay no longer.

 9:29  And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto Yahweh; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that you mayest know how that the earth (land) is Yahweh's.

 9:30  But as for you and your servants, I know that you will not yet fear Yahweh God.

 9:31  And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear (green, young), and the flax was bolled (in the bud).

 9:32  But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up (late, ripe).

 9:33  And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto Yahweh: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth.

 9:34  And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet (even) more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.

 9:35  And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as Yahweh had spoken by Moses.

 

 

The plagues of locusts and darkness

Exodus 10:1  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh: for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants, that I might shew these My signs before him:

 10:2  And that you mayest tell in the ears of your son, and of your son's son, what things I have wrought in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them; that you may know how that I am Yahweh.

Yahweh makes sure Moses knows that all of this is to be recounted to all the posterity of Israel.

 10:3  And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, Thus saith Yahweh God of the Hebrews, How long wilt you refuse to humble yourself before Me? let My people go, that they may serve Me.

 10:4  Else, if you refuse to let My people go, behold, to morrow will I bring the locusts into your coast:

Proverbs 30:27  The locusts have no king, yet go they forth all of them by bands;

Revelation 9:3  And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power.

 10:5  And they shall cover the face of the earth (ground), that one cannot be able to see the earth (ground): and they shall eat the residue of that which is escaped, which remaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which groweth for you out of the field:

 10:6  And they shall fill your houses, and the houses of all your servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians; which neither your fathers, nor your fathers' fathers have seen, since the day that they were upon the earth (land) unto this day. And he turned himself, and went out from Pharaoh.

 10:7  And Pharaoh's servants said unto him, How long shall this man be a snare unto us? let the men go, that they may serve Yahweh their God: knowest you not yet that Egypt is destroyed?

 10:8  And Moses and Aaron were brought again unto Pharaoh: and he said unto them, Go, serve Yahweh your God: but who are they that shall go?

 10:9  And Moses said, We will go with our young and with our old, with our sons and with our daughters, with our flocks and with our herds will we go; for we must hold a feast unto Yahweh.

 10:10  And he said unto them, Let Yahweh be so with you, as I will let you go, and your little ones: look to it; for evil is before you.

 10:11  Not so: go now you that are men, and serve Yahweh; for that you did desire. And they were driven out from Pharaoh's presence.

Pharaoh mocks Moses, limiting who can go to only the men. He mentions the children and then says “Not so”.

 10:12  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Stretch out your hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up upon the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land, even all that the hail hath left.

 10:13  And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and Yahweh brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts.

 10:14  And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt, and rested in all the coasts of Egypt: very grievous were they; before them there were no such locusts as they, neither after them shall be such.

 10:15  For they covered the face of the whole earth (land), so that the land was darkened; and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt.

Jasher 80:34-35

34 Then the Egyptians rejoiced at the locusts, although they consumed the produce of the field, and they caught them in abundance and salted them for food.

35 And Yahweh turned a mighty wind of the sea which took away all the locusts, even those that were salted, and thrust them into the Red Sea (Sea of Reeds); not one locust remained within the boundaries of Egypt.

Revelation 9:2-3

2  And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit.

3  And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power.

 10:16  Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste; and he said, I have sinned against Yahweh your God, and against you.

 10:17  Now therefore forgive, I pray you, my sin only this once, and intreat Yahweh your God, that He may take away from me this death only.

 10:18  And he went out from Pharaoh, and intreated Yahweh.

 10:19  And Yahweh turned a mighty strong west wind, which took away the locusts, and cast them into the Red sea (Sea of Reeds); there remained not one locust in all the coasts of Egypt.

 10:20  But Yahweh hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

 10:21  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Stretch out your hand toward heaven (the sky), that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt.

 10:22  And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven (the sky); and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days:

 10:23  They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings.

Wisdom 17:1-21

1  For great are Thy judgments, and cannot be expressed: therefore unnurtured souls have erred.

2  For when unrighteous men thought to oppress the holy nation; they being shut up in their houses, the prisoners of darkness, and fettered with the bonds of a long night, lay there exiled from the eternal providence.

3  For while they supposed to lie hid in their secret sins, they were scattered under a dark veil of forgetfulness, being horribly astonished, and troubled with strange apparitions.

4  For neither might the corner that held them keep them from fear: but noises as of waters falling down sounded about them, and sad visions appeared unto them with heavy countenances.

5  No power of the fire might give them light: neither could the bright flames of the stars endure to lighten that horrible night.

6  Only there appeared unto them a fire kindled of itself, very dreadful: for being much terrified, they thought the things which they saw to be worse than the sight they saw not.

7  As for the illusions of art magick, they were put down, and their vaunting in wisdom was reproved with disgrace.

8  For they, that promised to drive away terrors and troubles from a sick soul, were sick themselves of fear, worthy to be laughed at.

9  For though no terrible thing did fear them; yet being scared with beasts that passed by, and hissing of serpents,

10  They died for fear, denying that they saw the air, which could of no side be avoided.

11  For wickedness, condemned by her own witness, is very timorous, and being pressed with conscience, always forecasteth grievous things.

12  For fear is nothing else but a betraying of the succours which reason offereth.

13  And the expectation from within, being less, counteth the ignorance more than the cause which bringeth the torment.

14  But they sleeping the same sleep that night, which was indeed intolerable, and which came upon them out of the bottoms of inevitable hell,

15  Were partly vexed with monstrous apparitions, and partly fainted, their heart failing them: for a sudden fear, and not looked for, came upon them.

16  So then whosoever there fell down was straitly kept, shut up in a prison without iron bars,

17  For whether he were husbandman, or shepherd, or a labourer in the field, he was overtaken, and endured that necessity, which could not be avoided: for they were all bound with one chain of darkness.

18  Whether it were a whistling wind, or a melodious noise of birds among the spreading branches, or a pleasing fall of water running violently,

19  Or a terrible sound of stones cast down, or a running that could not be seen of skipping beasts, or a roaring voice of most savage wild beasts, or a rebounding echo from the hollow mountains; these things made them to swoon for fear.

20  For the whole world shined with clear light, and none were hindered in their labour:

21  Over them only was spread an heavy night, an image of that darkness which should afterward receive them: but yet were they unto themselves more grievous than the darkness.

Psalm 105:28  He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they (Israel) rebelled not against His word.

Revelation 16:10-11

10  And the fifth messenger poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain,

11  And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and repented not of their deeds.

 10:24  And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said, Go ye, serve Yahweh; only let your flocks and your herds be stayed: let your little ones also go with you.

 10:25  And Moses said, You must give us also sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice unto Yahweh our God.

 10:26  Our cattle also shall go with us; there shall not an hoof be left behind; for thereof must we take to serve Yahweh our God; and we know not with what we must serve Yahweh, until we come thither.

 10:27  But Yahweh hardened Pharaoh's heart, and he would not let them go.

 10:28  And Pharaoh said unto him, Get you from me, take heed to yourself, see my face no more; for in that day you seest my face you shalt die.

 10:29  And Moses said, You hast spoken well, I will see your face again no more.

Hebrews 11:27  By faith he (Moses) forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the (Hyksos) king: for he endured, as seeing Him who is invisible.

 

 

The Passover

Exodus 11:1  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether.

 11:2  Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow (ask) of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour (associate), jewels of silver, and jewels of gold.

 11:3  And Yahweh gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh's servants, and in the sight of the people.

 11:4  And Moses said (to the Israelites), Thus saith Yahweh, About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt:

 11:5  And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts.

Two legged beasts as well.  Non Adamics.

 11:6  And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more.

Amos 5:17  And in all vineyards shall be wailing: for I will pass through thee, saith Yahweh.

 11:7  But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog (non Adamite) move his tongue, against man or beast: that you may know how that Yahweh doth put a difference (distinction) between the Egyptians and Israel.

 11:8  And all these your servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, Get you out, and all the people that follow you: and after that I will go out. And he went out from Pharaoh in a great (burning) anger.

 11:9  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.

 11:10  And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and Yahweh hardened Pharaoh's heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.

 

 

The Passover

The Exodus begins

Exodus 12:1  And Yahweh spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,

 12:2  This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.

The first month is Abib, which starts the day after the Spring Equinox which is March 20 or 21. John the Baptist was born on the Spring Equinox and six months later in September (Fall Equinox) was Yahshua Christ.

 12:3  Speak you unto all the congregation  of Israel, saying, In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house:

 12:4  And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb.

A foreshadow of Christ.

 12:5  Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: you shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:

Without blemish, just like Yahshua Messiah.

 12:6  And you shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening.   (Lev 23:5  Nub 9:3  Deut 16:1,6)

 12:7  And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it.

 12:8  And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it.

Unleavened bread was significant, as it symbolized the haste in which Israel fled Egypt, with no time to prepare bread with leaven.

 12:9  Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof.

 12:10  And you shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning you shall burn with fire.

This is symbolic of Christ's ascension, nothing was left behind.

 12:11  And thus shall you eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and you shall eat it in haste: it is Yahweh's passover.

 12:12  For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am Yahweh.

 12:13  And the blood shall be to you for a token (sign) upon the houses where you are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over  you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt.   (Lev 23:5  Num 9:1-5, 28:16  Deut 16:1-2)

 12:14  And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and you shall keep it a feast to Yahweh throughout your generations; you shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.

 12:15  Seven days shall you eat unleavened bread; even the first day you shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul (person) shall be cut off from Israel.

 12:16  And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you.

 12:17  And you shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies (hosts) out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall you observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever.

 12:18  In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.

 12:19  Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul (person) shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger (of kin), or born in the land.

 12:20  Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall you eat unleavened bread.   (Ex 23:15, 34:18  Lev 23:6-8  Num 28:17-25  Deut 16:3-8)

 12:21  Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, Draw out and take you a lamb according to your families (clans), and kill the passover.

 12:22  And you shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning.

The side posts are called mezuzah. The door posts. We are commanded to write/post the 10 commandments on the mezuzah, the sides of the gates and doors to our homes.

 12:23  For Yahweh will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, Yahweh will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you.

Hebrews 11:28  Through faith (allegiance) he (Moses) kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them.

 12:24  And you shall observe this thing for an ordinance to you and to your sons for ever.

 12:25  And it shall come to pass, when you be come to the land which Yahweh will give you, according as He hath promised, that you shall keep this service.

These feasts and services were to take place when they came to the Promise Land, and continues today.

 12:26  And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, What mean you by this service?

 12:27  That you shall say, It is the sacrifice of Yahweh's passover, who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when he smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses. And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

The passover and unleavened bread were to be passed on to all the offspring of Israel forever.

 12:28  And the children of Israel went away, and did as Yahweh had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

 12:29  And it came to pass, that at midnight Yahweh smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle (beasts, four legged and two legged).

 12:30  And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead.

Jasher 80:45-46

45 Also the likenesses of the first born of Egypt, which were carved in the walls at their houses, were destroyed and fell to the ground.

46 Even the bones of their first born who had died before this and whom they had buried in their houses, were raked up by the dogs of Egypt on that night and dragged before the Egyptians and cast before them.

 12:31  And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, Rise up, and get you forth from among my people, both you and the children of Israel; and go, serve Yahweh, as you have said.

Psalm 105:38  Egypt was glad when they departed: for the fear of them fell upon them.

 12:32  Also take your flocks and your herds, as you have said, and be gone; and bless me also.

 12:33  And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, We be all dead men.

 12:34  And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders.

 12:35  And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed (asked) of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment:

 12:36  And Yahweh gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent (gave) unto them such things as they required (requested). And they spoiled the Egyptians.

 12:37  And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children.

 12:38  And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle (livestock).

The Hebrew says “mongrel peoples”. H6154 ereb. Mongrel people, mixed people. Meaning not Israelite.

The mixed multitude would include Hamites (Egyptians) and likely some thorns and bristles (Hittites/Canaanites/and other mixed multitudes).

In the Hebrew it says mongrel race. These would be a thorn in the side of Israel in the future. Interracial marriage occurred, even though it was forbidden, and the worship of alien gods followed, as Yahweh had warned.

 12:39  And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual.

 12:40  Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years.

The children of Israel were not in Egypt for 430 years. The call of Abraham until the Exodus was 430 years. The Samaritan Pentateuch and the Septuagint have and Canaan.

Septuagint: 40  And the sojourning of the children of Israel, while they sojourned in the land of Egypt and the land of Chanaan (Canaan), was four hundred and thirty years.

Galatians 3:16-17

16  Now to Abraham and his seed were the promises made. He saith not, And to seeds, as of many; but as of one, And to thy seed, which are anointed.

17  And this I say, that the covenant, that was confirmed before of God, the law, which was four hundred and thirty years after, cannot disannul, that it should make the promise of none effect.

 12:41  And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of Yahweh went out from the land of Egypt.

The same day Abraham moved into the land of Canaan, 430 days later the children of Israel came out of Egypt.

Jasher 81:3-4

3 And the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in the land of Egypt in hard labor, was two hundred and ten years.

4 And at the end of two hundred and ten years, Yahweh brought forth the children of Israel from Egypt with a strong hand.

 12:42  It is a night to be much observed unto Yahweh for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of Yahweh to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations.

 12:43  And Yahweh said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

The Hebrew says: “...There shall no son of a racial alien eat thereof”.

 12:44  But every man's servant that is bought for money, when you hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof.

Stranger is nekar. A non Israelite.

These would be part of the mixed multitudes that left Egypt with the children of Israel.

 12:45  A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof.

 12:46  In one house shall it be eaten; you shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall you break a bone thereof.

Numbers 9:12  They shall leave none of it unto the morning, nor break any bone of it: according to all the ordinances of the passover they shall keep it.

John 19:36  For these things were done, that the scripture should be fulfilled, A bone of Him shall not be broken.

 12:47  All the congregation of Israel shall keep it.

 12:48  And when a stranger (of kin) shall sojourn with you, and will keep the passover to Yahweh, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

Stranger in verse 48 and 49 is gare. An Israelite kinsman.

 12:49  One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger (of kin) that sojourneth among you.   (Num 9:14 15:15-16)

Israelite sojourners from another land must observe the law when among you.

 12:50  Thus did all the children of Israel; as Yahweh commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they.

 12:51  And it came to pass the selfsame day, that Yahweh did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies (hosts).

 

Jasher 81:6 And the Egyptians buried all their first born whom Yahweh had smitten, and all the Egyptians buried their slain for three days.

 

The first born set apart

Exodus 13:1  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 13:2  Sanctify unto Me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is Mine.

Luke 2:23  (As it is written in the law of Yahweh, Every male that openeth the womb shall be called holy (set apart) to Yahweh;)

 13:3  And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand Yahweh brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.

 13:4  This day came you out in the month Abib.

Abib, the first month. The greening month, spring.

 13:5  And it shall be when Yahweh shall bring you into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which he sware unto your (fore) fathers to give you, a land flowing with milk and honey, that you shalt keep this service in this month.

These feasts were to take effect when they enter the Promised Land.

 13:6  Seven days you shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to Yahweh.

 13:7  Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with you, neither shall there be leaven seen with you in all your quarters.

 13:8  And you shalt shew your son in that day, saying, This is done because of that which Yahweh did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.

 13:9  And it shall be for a sign unto you upon your hand, and for a memorial (reminder) between your eyes, that Yahweh's law may be in your mouth: for with a strong hand hath Yahweh brought you out of Egypt.

A metaphorical usage of “all your thoughts”. The feast of unleavened bread is a reminder that should never be forgotten.

 13:10  You shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his (it's) season (appointed time) from year to year.

 13:11  And it shall be when Yahweh shall bring you into the land of the Canaanites, as He sware unto you and to your fathers, and shall give it you,

 13:12  That you shalt set apart (be holy) unto Yahweh all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which you hast; the males shall be Yahweh's.   (Lev 27:26)

 13:13  And every firstling of an ass you shalt redeem with a lamb; and if you wilt not redeem it, then you shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among your children shalt you redeem.

 13:14  And it shall be when your son asketh you in time to come, saying, What is this? that you shalt say unto him, By strength of hand Yahweh brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage:

 13:15  And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that Yahweh slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to Yahweh all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.

 13:16  And it shall be for a token upon your hand, and for frontlets between your eyes: for by strength of hand Yahweh brought us forth out of Egypt.

Frontlets are defined in Strong's as phylacteries. These have a small piece of scroll inside, with these scriptures on it. This is a big thing in “Jewish” tradition, and the scroll/boxes are made in the state of Israel and cost big dollars.

Metaphorically, the 'sign on your hand' means to do the works commanded by Yahweh, and the 'between your eyes' means to keep your mind on Yahweh's laws. The 'traditions of the elders' has substituted ritual for following the intent of the words of Yahweh. Christ scolded the elders for this. Yahweh's law should be in your heart, not in a box or put on as a show, but be a truth to live by. Symbolism over substance.

 13:17  And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, Lest peradventure the people repent (change their minds) when they see war, and they return to Egypt (captivity):

 13:18  But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea (Sea of Reeds): and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt.

 13:19  And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you; and you shall carry up my bones away hence with you.

Genesis 50:25  And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, God will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.

 13:20  And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness.

 13:21  And Yahweh went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:

 13:22  He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

Wisdom 10:17-18

17  Rendered to the righteous a reward of their labours, guided them in a marvellous way, and was unto them for a cover by day, and a light of stars in the night season;

18  Brought them through the Red sea, and led them through much water:

18:3  Instead whereof thou gavest them a burning pillar of fire, both to be a guide of the unknown journey, and an harmless sun to entertain them honourably.

 

 

Crossing the Sea of Reeds

Exodus 14:1  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 14:2  Speak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pihahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baalzephon: before it shall you encamp by the sea.

 14:3  For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in.

 14:4  And I will harden Pharaoh's heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am Yahweh. And they did so.

Jasher 81:8-17

8 And on the third day after the Egyptians had buried their first born, many men rose up from Egypt and went after Israel to make them return to Egypt, for they repented that they had sent the Israelites away from their servitude.

9 And one man said to his neighbor, Surely Moses and Aaron spoke to Pharaoh, saying, We will go a three days' journey in the wilderness and sacrifice to Yahweh our God.

10 Now therefore let us rise up early in the morning and cause them to return, and it shall be that if they return with us to Egypt to their masters, then shall we know that there is faith in them, but if they will not return, then will we fight with them, and make them come back with great power and a strong hand.

11 And all the nobles of Pharaoh rose up in the morning, and with them about seven hundred thousand men, and they went forth from Egypt on that day, and came to the place where the children of Israel were.

12 And all the Egyptians saw and behold Moses and Aaron and all the children of Israel were sitting before Pi-hahiroth, eating and drinking and celebrating the feast of Yahweh.

13 And all the Egyptians said to the children of Israel, Surely you said, We will go a journey for three days in the wilderness and sacrifice to our God and return.

14 Now therefore this day makes five days since you went, why do you not return to your masters?

15 And Moses and Aaron answered them, saying, Because Yahweh our God has testified in us, saying, You shall no more return to Egypt, but we will betake ourselves to a land flowing with milk and honey, as Yahweh our God had sworn to our ancestors to give to us.

16 And when the nobles of Egypt saw that the children of Israel did not hearken to them, to return to Egypt, they girded themselves to fight with Israel.

17 And Yahweh strengthened the hearts of the children of Israel over the Egyptians, that they gave them a severe beating, and the battle was sore upon the Egyptians, and all the Egyptians fled from before the children of Israel, for many of them perished by the hand of Israel.

 14:5  And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, Why have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?   

Jasher 81:19-21

19 And Pharaoh heard this thing, and his heart and the hearts of all his subjects were turned against Israel, and they repented that they had sent Israel; and all the Egyptians advised Pharaoh to pursue the children of Israel to make them come back to their burdens.

20 And they said each man to his brother, What is this which we have done, that we have sent Israel from our servitude?

21 And Yahweh strengthened the hearts of all the Egyptians to pursue the Israelites, for Yahweh desired to overthrow the Egyptians in the Red Sea (Sea of Reeds).

Psalm 105:25  He turned their heart to hate His people, to deal subtilly with His servants.

 14:6  And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him:

 14:7  And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them.

 14:8  And Yahweh hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand.

High hand here means that Israel went out in a strong way, not sad, but glad.

 14:9  But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.

 14:10  And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto Yahweh.

Nehemiah 9:9  And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red sea;

Psalm 34:17  The righteous cry, and Yahweh heareth, and delivereth them out of all their troubles.

 14:11  And they said unto Moses, Because there were no graves in Egypt, hast you taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast you dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt?

Psalm 106:7-8

7  Our fathers understood not thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of thy mercies; but provoked Him at the sea, even at the Red sea (Sea of Reeds).

8  Nevertheless He saved them for His name's sake, that He might make His mighty power to be known.

 14:12  Is not this the word that we did tell you in Egypt, saying, Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians? For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.

 14:13  And Moses said unto the people, Fear you not, stand still, and see the salvation of Yahweh, which He will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom you have seen to day, you shall see them again no more for ever.

Jasher 81:26-35

26 And on account of the Egyptians, the children of Israel divided themselves into four divisions, and they were divided in their opinions, for they were afraid of the Egyptians, and Moses spoke to each of them.

27 The first division was of the children of Reuben, Simeon, and Issachar, and they resolved to cast themselves into the sea, for they were exceedingly afraid of the Egyptians.

28 And Moses said to them, Fear not, stand still and see the salvation of Yahweh which He will effect this day for you.

29 The second division was of the children of Zebulun, Benjamin and Naphtali, and they resolved to go back to Egypt with the Egyptians.

30 And Moses said to them, Fear not, for as you have seen the Egyptians this day, so shall you see them no more for ever.

31 The third division was of the children of Judah and Joseph, and they resolved to go to meet the Egyptians to fight with them.

32 And Moses said to them, Stand in your places, for Yahweh will fight for you, and you shall remain silent.

33 And the fourth division was of the children of Levi, Gad, and Asher, and they resolved to go into the midst of the Egyptians to confound them, and Moses said to them, Remain in your stations and fear not, only call unto Yahweh that He may save you out of their hands.

34 After this Moses rose up from amidst the people, and he prayed to Yahweh and said,

35 O Yahweh God of the whole earth, save now thy people whom thou didst bring forth from Egypt, and let not the Egyptians boast that power and might are theirs.

 14:14  Yahweh shall fight for you, and you shall hold your peace (be quiet).

 14:15  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Wherefore criest you unto me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward:

 14:16  But lift you up your rod, and stretch out your hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea.

 14:17  And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow them: and I will get Me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

 14:18  And the Egyptians shall know that I am Yahweh, when I have gotten Me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.

 14:19  And the angel (messenger) of God, which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them:

Isaiah 63:9  In all their affliction He was afflicted, and the angel of His presence saved them: in His love and in His pity He redeemed them; and He bare them, and carried them all the days of old.

 14:20  And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night.

 14:21  And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and Yahweh caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided.

 14:22  And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

1Corinthians 10:1-2

1  Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;

2  And all up to Moses had immersed themselves in the cloud and in the sea;

Hebrews 11:29  By faith (allegiance) they passed through the Red sea as by dry land: which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned.

 14:23  And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh's horses, his chariots, and his horsemen.

 14:24  And it came to pass, that in the morning watch Yahweh looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled (confused) the host of the Egyptians,

 14:25  And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, Let us flee from the face of Israel; for Yahweh fighteth for them against the Egyptians.

 14:26  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Stretch out your hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen.

 14:27  And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and Yahweh overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea.

 14:28  And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them.

3Maccabees 2:7  And You rolledst the depths of the sea over him, when he made pursuit with chariots, and with a multitude of followers, and gavest a safe passage to those who put their trust in Thee, the Elohiym of the whole creation.

6:4  You destroyedst Pharaoh, with his hosts of chariots, when that lord of this same Egypt was uplifted with lawless hardihood and loud-sounding tongue. Shedding the beams of Thy mercy upon the race of Israel, You didst overwhelm him with his proud army.

Psalm 106:11  And the waters covered their enemies: there was not one of them left.

 14:29  But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left.

Psalm 78:52-53

52  But made His own people to go forth like sheep, and guided them in the wilderness like a flock.

53  And He led them on safely, so that they feared not: but the sea overwhelmed their enemies.

 14:30  Thus Yahweh saved (preserved) Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore.

 14:31  And Israel saw that great work which Yahweh did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared Yahweh, and believed Yahweh, and His servant Moses.

 

 

The song of Moses

Exodus 15:1  Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto Yahweh, and spake, saying, I will sing unto Yahweh, for He hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.

Revelation 15:3  And they sing the song of Moses the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying, Great and marvellous are thy works, Yahweh God Almighty; just and true are thy ways, thou King of saints.

Psalm 106:12  Then believed they His words; they sang His praise.

 15:2  Yahweh is my strength and song, and He is become my salvation: He is my God, and I will prepare Him an habitation; my father's God, and I will exalt Him.

Psalm 118:14  Yahweh is my strength and song, and is become my salvation (preservation).

Isaiah 12:2  Behold, God is my salvation; I will trust, and not be afraid: for YAHWEH is my strength and my song; He also is become my salvation.

 15:3  Yahweh is a man of war: Yahweh is His name.

So much for the “churches” God of Love. He is more than just love.

Revelation 19:11  And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and He that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness He doth judge and make war.

 15:4  Pharaoh's chariots and his host hath he cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea (Sea of Reeds).

 15:5  The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone.

 15:6  Thy right hand, O Yahweh, is become glorious in power: Your right hand, O Yahweh, hath dashed in pieces the enemy.

The Hebrew has hated enemy. These would be the other races that come up against the children of Israel.

 15:7  And in the greatness of Your excellency You hast overthrown them that rose up against You: You sentest forth Your wrath, which consumed them as stubble.

The Hebrew has burning wrath. More emphatic words.

 15:8  And with the blast of Your nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.

 15:9  The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust (desire) shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them.

 15:10  You didst blow with your wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters.

 15:11  Who is like unto You, O Yahweh, among the gods? who is like You, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders?

Isaiah 6:3  And one cried unto another, and said, Holy, holy, holy, is Yahweh of hosts: the whole earth is full of His glory.

 15:12  You stretchedst out Your right hand, the earth swallowed them.

 15:13  You in Your mercy hast led forth the people which You hast redeemed: You hast guided them in Your strength unto Your holy habitation.

 15:14  The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina.

 15:15  Then the dukes of Edom (Esau) shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away.

Edom is Esau's descendants, Jews. Moab, incestuous descendants of Lot. Inhabitants of Canaan, Canaanites, descendants of Cain (Jews) mixed with Canaan, cursed son of Ham.

 15:16  Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of Your arm they shall be as still as a stone; till Your people pass over, O Yahweh, till the people pass over, which You hast purchased.

All the local non Israel nations (races) will hear of what happened, and fear Yahweh.

 15:17  You shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of Your inheritance, in the place, O Yahweh, which You hast made for You to dwell in, in the Sanctuary, O Yahweh, which Your hands have established.

The Sanctuary, or Promised Land. But not yet, not until the rebellious generation dies off in the wilderness.

Psalm 44:2  How thou didst drive out the heathen with thy hand, and plantedst them; how You didst afflict the people, and cast them out.

78:54  And He brought them to the border of His sanctuary, even to this mountain, which His right hand had purchased.

 15:18  Yahweh shall reign for ever and ever.

 15:19  For the horse of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and Yahweh brought again the waters of the sea upon them; but the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea.

End of song.

 15:20  And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances.

 15:21  And Miriam answered them, Sing you to Yahweh, for He hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath he thrown into the sea.

Verse 21 is the song of Miriam, Aaron and Moses' older sister. They sung this short song over and over and danced with timbrels. “The horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea”

The Septuagint goes: “The horse and rider has He cast into the sea”

3Maccabees 2:8  These saw and felt the works of thine hands, and praised Thee the Almighty.

 15:22  So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea (See of Reeds), and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water.

 15:23  And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah.

Jasher 81:45 After this the children of Israel proceeded on their journey, and encamped in Marah, and Yahweh gave to the children of Israel statutes and judgments in that place in Marah, and Yahweh commanded the children of Israel to walk in all His ways and to serve Him.

 15:24  And the people murmured against Moses, saying, What shall we drink?

 15:25  And he cried unto Yahweh; and Yahweh shewed him a tree, which when he had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there he made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there he proved them,

Sirach 38:5  Was not the water made sweet with wood, that the virtue thereof might be known?

 15:26  And said, If you wilt diligently hearken to the voice of Yahweh your God, and wilt do that which is right in His sight, and wilt give ear to His commandments, and keep all His statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon you, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am Yahweh that healeth you.   (Deut 7:12,15)

The big if.

 15:27  And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm (date) trees: and they encamped there by the waters.

 

 

Quails and manna

Exodus 16:1  And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin (Siyn), which is between Elim and Sinai (Siynay), on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt.

 16:2  And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness:

 16:3  And the children of Israel said unto them, Would to God we had died by the hand of Yahweh in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for you have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole assembly with hunger.

Lamentations 4:9  They that be slain with the sword are better than they that be slain with hunger: for these pine away, stricken through for want of the fruits of the field.

 16:4  Then said Yahweh unto Moses, Behold, I will rain bread from heaven (the sky) for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate (portion) every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in My law, or no.

Wisdom 16:20-29

20  Instead whereof You feddest Thine own people with angels' food, and didst send them from heaven bread prepared without their labour, able to content every man's delight, and agreeing to every taste.

21  For Thy sustenance declared Thy sweetness unto Thy children, and serving to the appetite of the eater, tempered itself to every man's liking.

22  But snow and ice endured the fire, and melted not, that they might know that fire burning in the hail, and sparkling in the rain, did destroy the fruits of the enemies.

23  But this again did even forget his own strength, that the righteous might be nourished.

24  For the creature that serveth thee, who art the Maker increaseth his strength against the unrighteous for their punishment, and abateth his strength for the benefit of such as put their trust in thee.

25  Therefore even then was it altered into all fashions, and was obedient to Thy grace, that nourisheth all things, according to the desire of them that had need:

26  That Thy children, O Yahweh, whom You lovest, might know, that it is not the growing of fruits that nourisheth man: but that it is Thy word, which preserveth them that put their trust in Thee.

27  For that which was not destroyed of the fire, being warmed with a little sunbeam, soon melted away:

28  That it might be known, that we must prevent the sun to give Thee thanks, and at the dayspring pray unto Thee.

29  For the hope of the unthankful shall melt away as the winter's hoar frost, and shall run away as unprofitable water.

John 6:31  Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.

 16:5  And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.

 16:6  And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, At even (sunset), then you shall know that Yahweh hath brought you out from the land of Egypt:

John 6:31  Our fathers did eat manna in the desert; as it is written, He gave them bread from heaven to eat.

Jasher 81:48 At that time Yahweh gave the manna to the children of Israel to eat, and Yahweh caused food to rain from heaven for the children of Israel day by day.

 16:7  And in the morning, then you shall see the glory of Yahweh; for that He heareth your murmurings (grumblings) against Yahweh: and what are we (Moses and Aaron), that you murmur (complain) against us?

 16:8  And Moses said, This shall be, when Yahweh shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that Yahweh heareth your murmurings (grumblings) which you murmur (complain) against Him: and what are we? your murmurings (grumblings) are not against us, but against Yahweh.

The KJV generalizes so many words that the context is changed. Murmuring is one, but two words are actually used. One means complain, the other means grumble.

 16:9  And Moses spake unto Aaron, Say unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, Come near before Yahweh: for He hath heard your murmurings (grumblings).

 16:10  And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of Yahweh appeared in the cloud.

 16:11  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 16:12  I have heard the murmurings (grumblings) of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, At even (sunset) you shall eat flesh, and in the morning you shall be filled with bread; and you shall know that I am Yahweh your God.

 16:13  And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host (camp).

 16:14  And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground.

 16:15  And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, It is manna: for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, This is the bread which Yahweh hath given you to eat.

Manna H4478 means “what is it?”.  Mah-H4100-what. Hu/hiy-H1931-is it.

1Corinthians 10:3  And did all eat the same spiritual meat;

 16:16  This is the thing which Yahweh hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take you every man for them which are in his tents.

 16:17  And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less.

 16:18  And when they did mete (measure) it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating.

2Corinthians 8:15  As it is written, He that had gathered much had nothing over; and he that had gathered little had no lack.

 16:19  And Moses said, Let no man leave of it till the morning.

 16:20  Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them.

 16:21  And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted.

 16:22  And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.

 16:23  And he said unto them, This is that which Yahweh hath said, To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto Yahweh: bake that which you will bake to day, and seethe that you will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.

 16:24  And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein.

 16:25  And Moses said, Eat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto Yahweh: to day you shall not find it in the field.

 16:26  Six days you shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.

 16:27  And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none.

 16:28  And Yahweh said unto Moses, How long refuse you to keep My commandments and My laws (torah)?

Laws is torah in Hebrew. Note: The written 'torah' was not given yet, that comes when they get to Sinai. Whether written or spoken, Yahweh's law is in effect and does not cease.

Psalm 78:10  They kept not the covenant of God, and refused to walk in His law;

78:22  Because they believed not in God, and trusted not in His salvation:

 16:29  See, for that Yahweh hath given you the sabbath, therefore He giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide you every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.

 16:30  So the people rested on the seventh day.

 16:31  And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey.

 16:32  And Moses said, This is the thing which Yahweh commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.

A container of Manna was placed in the Ark of the Covenant.

 16:33  And Moses said unto Aaron, Take a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before Yahweh, to be kept for your generations.

Hebrews 9:3-4

3  And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;

4  Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;

 16:34  As Yahweh commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept.

 16:35  And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan.

 16:36  Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.

 

 

The water from the rock

The defeat of Amalek

Exodus 17:1  And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin (Siyn), after their journeys, according to the commandment of Yahweh, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink.

 17:2  Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Moses said unto them, Why chide you with me? wherefore do you tempt Yahweh?

Psalm 78:18  And they tempted God in their heart by asking meat for their lust.

41  Yea, they turned back and tempted God, and limited the Holy One of Israel.

 17:3  And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured (complained) against Moses, and said, Wherefore is this that you hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?

 17:4  And Moses cried unto Yahweh, saying, What shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.

 17:5  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Go on before the people, and take with you of the elders of Israel; and your rod, wherewith you smotest the river, take in your hand, and go.

 17:6  Behold, I will stand before you there upon the rock in Horeb; and you shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel.

This time Moses was instructed to smite the rock. Next time he is instructed to speak to the rock.

 17:7  And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted Yahweh, saying, Is Yahweh among us, or not?

Massah means testing, and Meribah means contention.

Jasher 81:51 And they proceeded from Alush and encamped in Rephidim.

 17:8  Then came Amalek, and fought with Israel in Rephidim.   

Amalek was a cursed seed tribe. Eliphaz was Esau's son by Timna, a Canaanite who bore him Amalek. (Gen 36:12)

Jasher 81:52-53

52 And when the children of Israel were in Rephidim, Amalek the son of Eliphaz, the son of Esau, the brother of Zepho, came to fight with Israel.

53 And he brought with him eight hundred and one thousand men, magicians and conjurers, and he prepared for battle with Israel in Rephidim.

 17:9  And Moses said unto Joshua, Choose us out men, and go out, fight with Amalek: to morrow I will stand on the top of the hill with the rod of God in mine hand.

 17:10  So Joshua did as Moses had said to him, and fought with Amalek: and Moses, Aaron, and Hur went up to the top of the hill.

Jasher 81:54-55

54 And they carried on a great and severe battle against Israel, and Yahweh delivered Amalek and his people into the hands of Moses and the children of Israel, and into the hand of Joshua, the son of Nun, the Ephrathite, the servant of Moses.

55 And the children of Israel smote Amalek and his people at the edge of the sword, but the battle was very sore upon the children of Israel.

 17:11  And it came to pass, when Moses held up his hand, that Israel prevailed: and when he let down his hand, Amalek prevailed.

 17:12  But Moses' hands were heavy; and they took a stone, and put it under him, and he sat thereon; and Aaron and Hur stayed up his hands, the one on the one side, and the other on the other side; and his hands were steady until the going down of the sun.

 17:13  And Joshua discomfited Amalek and his people with the edge of the sword.

 17:14  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Write this for a memorial in a book, and rehearse it in the ears of Joshua: for I will utterly put out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven.

Deuteronomy 25:17-19 and Jasher 81:58-60

17  Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt;

18  How he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, even all that were feeble behind thee, when thou wast faint and weary; and he feared not God.

19  Therefore it shall be, when Yahweh thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which Yahweh thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget it.

Jasher 81:61-61

61 And the king who shall have pity on Amalek, or upon his memory or upon his seed, behold I will require it of him, and I will cut him off from amongst his people.

62 And Moses wrote all these things in a book, and he enjoined the children of Israel respecting all these matters.

 17:15  And Moses built an altar, and called the name of it Jehovahnissi:

It should read Yahwehnissi. It means Yahweh is my refuge.  Yahweh is our banner. Yahweh is our battle standard.

 17:16  For he said, Because Yahweh hath sworn that Yahweh will have war with Amalek from generation to generation.

1Samuel 15:2-9

2  Thus saith Yahweh of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt.

3  Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass.

4  And Saul gathered the people together, and numbered them in Telaim, two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Judah.

5  And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley.

6  And Saul said unto the Kenites, Go, depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites.

7  And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt.

8  And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.

9  But Saul and the people spared Agag, and the best of the sheep, and of the oxen, and of the fatlings, and the lambs, and all that was good, and would not utterly destroy them: but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.

15:19  Wherefore then didst thou not obey the voice of Yahweh, but didst fly upon the spoil, and didst evil in the sight of Yahweh?

15:32  Then said Samuel, Bring ye hither to me Agag the king of the Amalekites. And Agag came unto him delicately. And Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past.

33  And Samuel said, As thy sword hath made women childless, so shall thy mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before Yahweh in Gilgal.

 

Jasher 82:1 And the children of Israel proceeded from Rephidim and they encamped in the wilderness of Sinai, in the third month from their going forth from Egypt.

 

The coming of Jethro (Reuel)

Jethro is a title, not a name.

Exodus 18:1  When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses' father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel his people, and that Yahweh had brought Israel out of Egypt;

 18:2  Then Jethro, Moses' father in law, took Zipporah, Moses' wife, after he had sent her back,

 18:3  And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, I have been an alien in a strange (foreign) land: (sojourner in a land of racial aliens)

Acts 7:29  Then fled Moses at this saying, and was a stranger in the land of Midian, where he begat two sons.

 18:4  And the name of the other was Eliezer (God is my help); for the God of my father, said he, was mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh:

 18:5  And Jethro, Moses' father in law, came with his sons and his wife unto Moses into the wilderness, where he encamped at the mount of God (Elohiym):

 18:6  And he said unto Moses, I your father in law Jethro am come unto you, and your wife, and her two sons with her.

 18:7  And Moses went out to meet his father in law, and did obeisance, and kissed him; and they asked each other of their welfare; and they came into the tent.

 18:8  And Moses told his father in law all that Yahweh had done unto Pharaoh and to the Egyptians for Israel's sake, and all the travail that had come upon them by the way, and how Yahweh delivered them.

Jasher 82:5 And Reuel and his children remained amongst the Israelites for many days, and Reuel knew Yahweh from that day forward.

 18:9  And Jethro rejoiced for all the goodness which Yahweh had done to Israel, whom He had delivered out of the hand of the Egyptians.

'Hand' is a symbol of power, authority.

 18:10  And Jethro said, Blessed be Yahweh, who hath delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of Pharaoh, who hath delivered the people from under the hand of the Egyptians.

Jethro (Reuel) was not a dedicated believer in Yahweh before. He had local 'gods' like many others.

 18:11  Now I know that Yahweh is greater than all gods: for in the thing wherein they dealt proudly He was above them.

Septuagint: 11  Now know I that Yahweh is great above all gods, because of this, wherein they attacked them.

3Maccabees 2:3  It is You, the Creator of all, the Master of the universe, who art a righteous Governor, and judgest all who act with pride and insolence.

 18:12  And Jethro, Moses' father in law, took a burnt offering and sacrifices for God: and Aaron came, and all the elders of Israel, to eat bread with Moses' father in law before God.

Jethro proclaims Yahweh as the Supreme Elohiym.

 18:13  And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses sat to judge the people: and the people stood by Moses from the morning unto the evening.

 18:14  And when Moses' father in law saw all that he did to the people, he said, What is this thing that you doest to the people? why sittest you yourself alone, and all the people stand by you from morning unto even?

 18:15  And Moses said unto his father in law, Because the people come unto me to enquire of God:

 18:16  When they have a matter, they come unto me; and I judge between one and another, and I do make them know the statutes of God, and His laws (torah).

 18:17  And Moses' father in law said unto him, The thing that you doest is not good.

 18:18  You wilt surely wear away, both thou, and this people that is with you: for this thing is too heavy for you; you art not able to perform it yourself alone.

Numbers 11:14,17

14  I am not able to bear all this people alone, because it is too heavy for me.

17  And I will come down and talk with thee there: and I will take of the spirit which is upon thee, and will put it upon them (70 elders); and they shall bear the burden of the people with thee, that thou bear it not thyself alone.

 18:19  Hearken now unto my voice, I will give you counsel, and God shall be with you: Be you for the people to God-ward (You must be in front of Elohiym for the people), that you mayest bring the causes unto God:

Moses, being a Levite, was a mediator for the people to Yahweh.

 18:20  And you shalt teach them ordinances and laws, and shalt shew them The Way wherein they must walk, and the work that they must do.

Moses was to delegate the smaller matters to lesser judges, to lighten his work load.

 18:21  Moreover you shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear (revere) God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

 18:22  And let them judge the people at all seasons: and it shall be, that every great matter they shall bring unto you, but every small matter they shall judge: so shall it be easier for yourself, and they shall bear the burden with you.

 18:23  If you shalt do this thing, and God command you so, then you shalt be able to endure, and all this people shall also go to their place in peace.

 18:24  So Moses hearkened to the voice of his father in law, and did all that he had said.

 18:25  And Moses chose able men out of all Israel, and made them heads over the people, rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens.

 18:26  And they judged the people at all seasons: the hard causes they brought unto Moses, but every small matter they judged themselves.

 18:27  And Moses let his father in law depart; and he went his way into his own land.

Numbers 10:29-30

29  And Moses said unto Hobab, the son of Raguel the Midianite, Moses' father in law, We are journeying unto the place of which Yahweh said, I will give it you: come thou with us, and we will do thee good: for Yahweh hath spoken good concerning Israel.

30  And he said unto him, I will not go; but I will depart to mine own land, and to my kindred.

 

 

At mount Sinai

Exodus 19:1  In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai (Siynay).

 19:2  For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount.

 19:3  And Moses went up unto God, and Yahweh called unto him out of the mountain, saying, Thus shalt you say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel;

 19:4  Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles' wings, and brought you unto Myself.

America's national symbol is the eagle. We are True Israel regathered.

 19:5  Now therefore, if you will obey My voice indeed, and keep My covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure unto Me above all people: for all the earth (land) is Mine:

Deuteronomy 5:2  Yahweh our God made a covenant with us in Horeb.

 19:6  And you shall be unto Me a kingdom of priests, and an holy (set apart) nation. These are the words which you shalt speak unto the children of Israel.

1Peter 2:9  But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy (set apart) nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of Him who hath called you out of darkness into His marvellous light:

Titus 2:14  Who gave Himself for us, that He might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto Himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

This was done to and for the children of Israel. The race of Adam. The white race is the race of Adam, as the definition states. Awdawm, rosey, ruddy, able to blush.

The “churches” teach that He gave Himself for everybody.

Revelation 5:10  And have made us a kingdom and priests for our God, and we shall reign on the earth.

 19:7  And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which Yahweh commanded him.

 19:8  And all the people answered together, and said, All that Yahweh hath spoken we will do. And Moses returned the words of the people unto Yahweh.

Our ancestors, the children of Israel, agreed to obey Yahweh and His commandments.

Deuteronomy 5:27  Go thou near, and hear all that Yahweh our God shall say: and speak thou unto us all that Yahweh our God shall speak unto thee; and we will hear it, and do it.

 19:9  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Lo, I come unto you in a thick cloud, that the people may hear when I speak with you, and believe you for ever. And Moses told the words of the people unto Yahweh.

Moses prepares the people that Yahweh is going to speak to them.

 19:10  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Go unto the people, and sanctify them to day and to morrow, and let them wash their clothes,

Leviticus 11:44-45

44  For I am Yahweh your God: ye shall therefore sanctify yourselves, and ye shall be holy; for I am holy: neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of creeping thing that creepeth upon the earth.

45  For I am Yahweh that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy (set apart), for I am holy (set apart).

 19:11  And be ready against the third day: for the third day Yahweh will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai.

 19:12  And you shalt set bounds unto the people round about, saying, Take heed to yourselves, that you go not up into the mount, or touch the border of it: whosoever toucheth the mount shall be surely put to death:

 19:13  There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man, it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.

Hebrews 12:18-20

18  For ye are not come unto the mount that might be touched, and that burned with fire, nor unto blackness, and darkness, and tempest,

19  And the sound of a trumpet, and the voice of words; which voice they that heard intreated that the word should not be spoken to them any more:

20  (For they could not endure that which was commanded, And if so much as a beast (other races) touch the mountain, it shall be stoned, or thrust through with a dart:

This is going to sound bad but, the scriptures refer to the other races as beasts. And mountains are symbolic of kingdoms. We are a holy people, set apart from the other races of the world. Yahweh demands we be separate and touch not the unclean, meaning don't race mix.

Exodus 19:13  There shall not an hand touch it, but he shall surely be stoned, or shot through; whether it be beast or man (iysh), it shall not live: when the trumpet soundeth long, they shall come up to the mount.

There are in museums today, signs that were posted on the Temple warning that any non-Israelite that entered would be put to death.  Here is a prophecy of the latter days which we are in now:

Jeremiah 31:27  Behold, the days come, saith Yahweh, that I will sow the house of Israel and the house of Judah with the seed of man, and with the seed of beast.

This is a result of our disobedience to remain separate. Just look at our country today. Multi-racially mixed.

 19:14  And Moses went down from the mount unto the people, and sanctified the people; and they washed their clothes.

 19:15  And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives.

The men were to abstain from sex, to insure purity.

 19:16  And it came to pass on the third day in the morning, that there were thunders and lightnings, and a thick cloud upon the mount, and the voice of the trumpet exceeding loud (strong); so that all the people that was in the camp trembled.

Revelation 4:5  And out of the throne proceeded lightnings and thunderings and voices: and there were seven lamps of fire burning before the throne, which are the seven Spirits of God.

 19:17  And Moses brought forth the people out of the camp to meet with God; and they stood at the nether (back) part of the mount.

 19:18  And mount Sinai was altogether on a smoke, because Yahweh descended upon it in fire: and the smoke thereof ascended as the smoke of a furnace, and the whole mount quaked greatly.   (Deut 4:11-12)

 19:19  And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder (stronger) and louder (stronger), Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice.

 19:20  And Yahweh came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and Yahweh called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up.

 19:21  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Go down, charge the people, lest they break through unto Yahweh to gaze, and many of them perish.

 19:22  And let the priests also, which come near to Yahweh, sanctify themselves, lest Yahweh break forth upon them.

 19:23  And Moses said unto Yahweh, The people cannot come up to mount Sinai: for you chargedst us, saying, Set bounds about the mount, and sanctify it.

 19:24  And Yahweh said unto him, Away, get you down, and you shalt come up, you, and Aaron with you: but let not the priests and the people break through to come up unto Yahweh, lest He break forth upon them.

 19:25  So Moses went down unto the people, and spake unto them.

 

 

The Ten Commandments

Making an altar of earth

Exodus 20:1  And God spake all these words, saying,

 20:2  I am Yahweh your God, which have brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.

 20:3  (1) You shalt have no other gods before Me.

 20:4  (2) You shalt not make unto you any graven image (idol), or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven (sky) above, or that is in the earth (land) beneath, or that is in the water under the earth (below the land):

 20:5  (2)You shalt not bow down yourself to them, nor serve them: for I Yahweh your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me;   (Lev 19:4 26:1  Deut 4:15-18 27:15)

The sins of the fathers are visited on the following progeny. It takes up to four generations to purge out pagan ways and habits.

 20:6  (2) And shewing mercy (loving kindness) unto thousands of them that love Me, and keep My commandments.  (Num 14:18)

Deuteronomy 7:9  Know therefore that Yahweh thy God, He is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love Him and keep His commandments to a thousand generations;

John 14:15  If ye love Me, keep My commandments.

 20:7  (3) You shalt not take the name of Yahweh your God in vain; for Yahweh will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain.

His name is YAHWEH. Not Lord, not Jehovah, not God. We are to call Him by His name.

Leviticus 19:12  And ye shall not swear by My name falsely, neither shalt thou profane the name of thy God: I am Yahweh.

 20:8  (4) Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy (set apart).   

Leviticus 26:2  Ye shall keep My sabbaths, and reverence My sanctuary: I am Yahweh.

 20:9  (4) Six days shalt you labour, and do all your work:

 20:10  (4) But the seventh day is the sabbath of Yahweh your God: in it you shalt not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter, your manservant, nor your maidservant, nor your cattle (livestock), nor your stranger (of kin) that is within your gates:   (Lev 23:3)

 20:11  (4) For in six days (ages) Yahweh made heaven (sky) and earth (land), the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore Yahweh blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it (set it apart).   (Gen 2:1-3)

 20:12  (5) Honour your father and your mother: that your days may be long upon the land which Yahweh your God giveth you.

Matthew 15:4  For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.

Ephesians 6:2-3

2  Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with a promise;)

3  That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth.

 20:13  (6) You shalt not kill (murder).

The Hebrew records 'murder'. The word kill means murder. Righteous killing is part of the law. Murder is not.

Leviticus 24:17  And he that killeth (murders) any man shall surely be put to death.

 20:14(13)  (7) You shalt not commit adultery.

Adultery also includes race mixing. Destroying the holy seedline and purity of the race of awdawm. This part of the teaching of adultery is not taught, because the enemy has distorted our scriptures to suit their diversity and universalism. Race mix=holy seed destroyed.

 20:15(13)  (8) You shalt not steal.

Leviticus 19:11  Ye shall not steal, neither deal falsely, neither lie one to another.

 20:16(13)  (9) You shalt not bear false witness against your neighbour.

The original Hebrew reads: 13...You shall not answer against another person (neighbor, friend) as a witness of falsehood.

In the original Hebrew, verses 13-16 are all one verse.

 20:17(14)  (10) You shalt not covet (desire) your neighbour's house, you shalt not covet (desire) your neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is your neighbour's.

It also connotates to the action it takes to obtain that which belongs to another person.

Romans 7:7  What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, You shalt not covet.

13:9  For this, You shalt not commit adultery, You shalt not kill, You shalt not steal, You shalt not bear false witness, You shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, You shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

Luke 12:15  And He said unto them, Take heed, and beware of covetousness: for a man's life consisteth not in the abundance of the things which he possesseth.

 20:18(15)  And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed (moved away), and stood afar off.

 20:19(16)  And they said unto Moses, Speak you with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.

 20:20(17)  And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that His fear (reverence) may be before your faces, that you sin not.

H2398 sin, means  (miss the mark of duty and responsibility to observe these commandments).  There are other words for sin. This one means to miss the mark.

 20:21(18)  And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.

 20:22(19)  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Thus you shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven (the sky).

 20:23(20)  Ye shall not make with Me gods of silver, neither shall you make unto you gods of gold.

No castings of crosses, fish, rosaries with Jesus or Mother Mary, or any other symbols and images.

It must be understood that the cross is the symbol of the Sun god, the fish is the symbol of the god Dagon, all these symbols have a pagan background. Yahweh is not defined by a symbol. If anything, the symbol should be the Ten Commandments.

 20:24(21)  An altar of earth you shalt make unto Me, and shalt sacrifice thereon your burnt offerings, and your peace (well being) offerings, your sheep, and your oxen: in all places where I record (cause to be remembered) My name I will come unto you, and I will bless you.

Earth is adamah, it means red soil, or clay.

They were wandering in the wilderness for 40 years and they were to build this alter of the soil every sabbath wherever they camped.

 20:25(22)  And if you wilt make Me an altar of stone, you shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if you lift up your tool upon it, you hast polluted (profaned) it.

Deuteronomy 27:5-7

5  And there shalt thou build an altar unto Yahweh thy God, an altar of stones: thou shalt not lift up any iron tool upon them.

6  You shalt build the altar of Yahweh thy God of whole stones: and thou shalt offer burnt offerings thereon unto Yahweh thy God:

7  And thou shalt offer peace offerings, and shalt eat there, and rejoice before Yahweh thy God.

Joshua 8:31  As Moses the servant of Yahweh commanded the children of Israel, as it is written in the book of the law of Moses, an altar of whole stones, over which no man hath lift up any iron: and they offered thereon burnt offerings unto Yahweh, and sacrificed peace offerings.

 20:26(23)  Neither shalt you go up by steps unto Mine altar, that your nakedness (sinfulness) be not discovered thereon.

 

 

Laws about murder

Exodus 21:1  Now these are the judgments which you shalt set before them.

Deuteronomy 4:14  And Yahweh commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, that ye might do them in the land whither ye go over to possess it.

 21:2  If you buy an Hebrew servant (bond servant), six years he shall serve: and in the seventh he shall go out free for nothing.   (Jer 34:14)

A bond servant is not the same as a slave.

 21:3  If he came in by himself, he shall go out by himself: if he were married, then his wife shall go out with him.

 21:4  If his master have given him a wife, and she have born him sons or daughters; the wife and her children shall be her master's, and he shall go out by himself.

The bond servants were either indentured servants or an investment. If the man served his six years and the wife given to him still had complete her service until the sixth year.

 21:5  And if the servant shall plainly say, I love my master, my wife, and my children; I will not go out free:

 21:6  Then his master shall bring him unto the judges; he shall also bring him to the door, or unto the door post; and his master shall bore his ear through with an aul; and he shall serve him for ever.

An earring in a man represents servitude.

 21:7  And if a man sell his daughter to be a maidservant, she shall not go out as the menservants do.

 21:8  If she please not her master, who hath betrothed her to himself, then shall he let her be redeemed: to sell her unto a strange nation he shall have no power, seeing he hath dealt deceitfully with her.

Strange here is nokriy. A non Israelite nation, another race. You could not put an Israelite woman into a non Israelite household.   

 21:9  And if he have betrothed her unto his son, he shall deal with her after the manner of daughters.

 21:10  If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not diminish.

If the master married her himself, and took another wife, all her rights of marriage were to be kept. Conjugal rights were included. Duty of marriage included sexual needs, if he did not, and favored the new wife only, she was free of the marriage with no penalty.

 21:11  And if he do not these three unto her, then shall she go out free without money.

 21:12  He that smiteth a man, so that he die, shall be surely put to death.

 21:13  And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint you a place whither he shall flee.   (Num 35:10-34, Deut 19:1-13, Josh 20:1-9)

They had cities of refuge, where a man could flee from the dead man's relatives revenge.

 21:14  But if a man come presumptuously upon his neighbour, to slay him with guile (trickery); you shalt take him from Mine altar, that he may die.

 21:15  And he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall be surely put to death.

 21:16  And he that stealeth a man, and selleth him, or if he be found in his hand, he shall surely be put to death.

Kidnapping.

Deuteronomy 24:7  If a man be found stealing any of his brethren of the children of Israel, and maketh merchandise of him, or selleth him; then that thief shall die; and thou shalt put evil away from among you.

 21:17  And he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

Leviticus 20:9  For every one that curseth his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he hath cursed his father or his mother; his blood shall be upon him.

Matthew 15:4  For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death.

 21:18  And if men strive together, and one smite another with a stone, or with his fist, and he die not, but keepeth his bed:

 21:19  If he rise again, and walk abroad upon his staff, then shall he that smote him be quit (free from punishment): only he shall pay for the loss of his time, and shall cause him to be thoroughly healed.

 21:20  And if a man smite his servant (Hebrew bond servant), or his maid (Hebrew), with a rod, and he die under his hand; he shall be surely punished (avenged).

The family of the dead servant could seek vengeance of blood on the master that killed him.

 21:21  Notwithstanding, if he continue (stand up, arises in) a day or two, he shall not be punished (avenged): for he is (bought with) his money.

If the servant did not die, however there was not penalty, as the servant was considered property while under his bond obligation.

 21:22  If men strive, and hurt (cause injury to) a woman with child, so that her fruit (unborn child) depart from her, and yet no mischief (bodily harm) follow: he shall be surely punished (with a fine), according as the woman's husband will lay upon him; and he shall pay as the judges determine.

 21:23  And if any mischief (bodily harm) follow, then you shalt give life for life,

If two men fight, and one strikes a pregnant woman, and the child miscarries, the woman's husband may name a fine for the loss of the unborn child. The magistrates will levy the fine, BUT if the woman dies later the law takes effect, life in place of life.

 21:24  Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,   (Lev 24:19-20, Deut 19:21, Matt 5:38)

 21:25  Burning for burning, wound for wound, stripe for stripe.

 21:26  And if a man smite the eye of his servant (Hebrew bond servant), or the eye of his maid (Hebrew), that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye's sake.

 21:27  And if he smite out his (Hebrew) manservant's tooth, or his (Hebrew) maidservant's tooth; he shall let him go free for his tooth's sake.

 21:28  If an ox gore a man or a woman, that they die: then the ox shall be surely stoned, and his flesh shall not be eaten; but the owner of the ox shall be quit (free from punishment).

Man (and woman) here are Adamites.

Genesis 9:5  And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man.

 21:29  But if the ox were wont to push (gore) with his horn in time past, and it hath been testified to his owner, and he hath not kept him in, but that he hath killed a man or a woman; the ox shall be stoned, and his owner also shall be put to death.

 21:30  If there be laid on him a sum of money (given an out), then he shall give for the ransom of his life whatsoever is laid upon him.

The owner may ransom himself by money, whatever the price, he must pay or die.

 21:31  Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done unto him.

 21:32  If the ox shall push (gore) a (Hebrew) manservant or a (Hebrew) maidservant; he shall give unto their master thirty shekels of silver, and the ox shall be stoned.

Thirty shekels of silver was the price of a non-Israelite slave. Same price paid by the Jew Pharisees for the life of Yahshua. He was considered no more than a slave.

 21:33  And if a man shall open a pit, or if a man shall dig a pit, and not cover it, and an ox or an ass fall therein;

 21:34  The owner of the pit shall make it good, and give money unto the owner of them; and the dead beast shall be his.

 21:35  And if one man's ox hurt another's, that he die; then they shall sell the live ox, and divide the money of it; and the dead ox also they shall divide (for the meat).

 21:36  Or if it be known that the ox hath used to push (gore) in time past, and his owner hath not kept him in; he shall surely pay ox for ox; and the dead shall be his own.

 

Laws about property and personal actions

Exodus 22:1(21:37)  If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

 22:2(1)  If a thief be found breaking up (in), and be smitten that he die, there shall no blood be shed for him.

 22:3(2)  If the sun be risen upon him, there shall be blood shed for him; for he should make full restitution; if he have nothing, then he shall be sold for his theft.

Sold into slavery.  

 22:4(3)  If the theft (animal) be certainly found in his hand alive, whether it be ox, or ass, or sheep; he shall restore double.

 22:5(4)  If a man shall cause a field or vineyard to be eaten, and shall put in his beast, and shall feed in another man's field; of the best of his own field, and of the best of his own vineyard, shall he make restitution.

 22:6(5)  If fire break out, and catch in thorns, so that the stacks of corn, or the standing corn, or the field, be consumed therewith; he that kindled the fire shall surely make restitution.

 22:7(6)  If a man shall deliver unto his neighbour money or stuff to keep (for safe keeping), and it be stolen out of the man's house; if the thief be found, let him pay double.

 22:8(7)  If the thief be not found, then the master of the house shall be brought unto the judges, to see whether he have put his hand unto his neighbour's goods.

 22:9(8)  For all manner of trespass, whether it be for ox, for ass, for sheep, for raiment, or for any manner of lost thing, which another challengeth to be his, the cause (matter) of both parties shall come before the judges; and whom the judges shall condemn, he shall pay double unto his neighbour.

 22:10(9)  If a man deliver unto his neighbour an ass, or an ox, or a sheep, or any beast, to keep (for safe keeping); and it die, or be hurt, or driven away, no man seeing it:

 22:11(10)  Then shall an oath of Yahweh be between them both, that he hath not put his hand unto his neighbour's goods; and the owner of it shall accept thereof, and he shall not make it good.

 22:12(11)  And if it be stolen from him, he shall make restitution unto the owner thereof.

 22:13(12)  If it be torn in pieces (by beasts), then let him bring it for witness, and he shall not make good that which was torn.

 22:14(13)  And if a man borrow ought of his neighbour, and it be hurt, or die, the owner thereof being not with it, he shall surely make it good.

 22:15(14)  But if the owner thereof be with it, he shall not make it good: if it be an hired thing, it came for his hire.

 22:16(15)  And if a man entice a maid that is not betrothed, and lie with her, he shall surely endow her to be his wife.

Once the sexual act is committed, she is his wife.

 22:17(16)  If her father utterly refuse to give her unto him, he shall pay money according to the dowry of virgins.

Deuteronomy 22:28-29

28  If a man find a damsel that is a virgin, which is not betrothed, and lay hold on her, and lie with her, and they be found;

29  Then the man that lay with her shall give unto the damsel's father fifty shekels of silver, and she shall be his wife; because he hath humbled her, he may not put her away all his days.

 22:18(17)  You shalt not suffer a witch (sorcerer) to live.

Deuteronomy 18:10-11

10  There shall not be found among you any one that maketh his son or his daughter to pass through the fire, or that useth divination, or an observer of times, or an enchanter, or a witch,

11  Or a charmer, or a consulter with familiar spirits, or a wizard, or a necromancer.

 22:19(18)  Whosoever lieth with a beast shall surely be put to death.

Beast has several connotations here. It could mean a goat or sheep, etc., but also beast men which is a derogatory term for non-Adamic men.

Leviticus 18:23  Neither shalt thou lie with any beast to defile thyself therewith: neither shall any woman stand before a beast to lie down thereto: it is confusion.

20:15  And if a man lie with a beast, he shall surely be put to death: and ye shall slay the beast.

16  And if a woman approach unto any beast, and lie down thereto, thou shalt kill the woman, and the beast: they shall surely be put to death; their blood shall be upon them.

Deuteronomy 27:21  Cursed be he that lieth with any manner of beast. And all the people shall say, Amen.

 22:20(19)  He that sacrificeth unto any god, save unto Yahweh only, he shall be utterly destroyed.   (Deut 17:2-7)

 22:21(20)  You shalt neither vex (treat violently) a stranger (of kin), nor oppress him: for you were strangers (of kin) in the land of Egypt.   (Lev 19:33-34  Deut 24:17-18 27:19)

 22:22(21)  Ye shall not afflict any widow, or fatherless child.

 22:23(22)  If you afflict them in any wise, and they cry at all unto Me, I will surely hear their cry;

 22:24(23)  And My wrath shall wax hot, and I will kill you with the sword; and your wives shall be widows, and your children fatherless.

 22:25(24)  If you lend money to any of My people that is poor by you, you shalt not be to him as an usurer (creditor), neither shalt you lay upon him usury.   (Lev 25:35-38  Deut 15:7-11 23:19-20)

Usurer is H5383, to lend, be a creditor.  Usury is H5392, interest.

Isaiah 24:1-2

1  Behold, Yahweh maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.

2  And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.

4Maccabees 2:8  A man, therefore, who regulates his course by the law, even if he be a lover of money, straightway puts force upon his own disposition; lending to the needy without interest, and cancelling the debt of the incoming sabbath.

 22:26(25)  If you at all take your neighbour's raiment to pledge, you shalt deliver it unto him by that the sun goeth down:

 22:27(26)  For that is his covering only, it is his raiment for his skin: wherein shall he sleep? and it shall come to pass, when he crieth unto Me, that I will hear; for I am gracious.   (Deut 24:10-13)

The large shawl or covering which Israelite men wore. They used to sleep in it, and were also buried in it.  

 22:28(27)  You shalt not revile the gods (judges), nor curse the ruler of your people.

Acts 23:5  Then said Paul, I knew not, brethren, that he was the high priest: for it is written, You shalt not speak evil of the ruler of thy people.

Ecclesiastes 10:20  Curse not the king, no not in thy thought; and curse not the rich in thy bedchamber: for a bird of the air shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter.

 22:29(28)  You shalt not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits, and of your liquors: the firstborn of your sons shalt you give unto Me.

Yahweh gets the first fruits of everything.

Liquors also includes wines and juices. Distilled juices of fruits.

 22:30(29)  Likewise shalt you do with your oxen, and with your sheep: seven days it shall be with his dam (mother); on the eighth day you shalt give it Me.

 22:31(30)  And you shall be holy (set apart) men unto Me: neither shall you eat any flesh that is torn of beasts in the field; you shall cast it to the dogs.   (Lev 17:15)

Israel is charged to be holy. Holy does not mean pious, it means dedicated, set apart.

 

 

Laws of personal action

The law of the Sabbath

Exodus 23:1  You shalt not raise (carry, lift up) a false report (gossip, deceitful rumors): put not your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Deuteronomy 5:20  Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Psalm 101:5  Whoso privily slandereth his neighbour, him will I cut off: him that hath an high look and a proud heart will not I suffer.

 23:2  You shalt not follow a multitude to do evil; neither shalt you speak in a cause to decline after many to wrest judgment:

Septuagint:  23:2  You shalt not associate with the multitude for evil; thou shalt not join thyself with a multitude to turn aside with the majority so as to shut out judgment.

The Hebrew ends as: “...neither shall you answer in a dispute and incline your mind to pervert justice following many.”

 23:3  Neither shalt you countenance a poor man in his cause.

Septuagint: 3  And thou shalt not spare a poor man in judgment.

The Hebrew says “...neither show unjust bias toward a poor man in his dispute.”

The poor man must be equal to the rich when justice is at stake. No favoritism.

Sometimes there is a reason why someone is poor.

Leviticus 19:15  Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment: thou shalt not respect the person of the poor, nor honour the person of the mighty: but in righteousness shalt thou judge thy neighbour.

 23:4  If you meet your enemy's ox or his ass going astray, you shalt surely bring it back to him again.

 23:5  If you see the ass of him that hateth you lying under his burden, and wouldest forbear to help him, you shalt surely help with him.   (Deut 22:1-4)

Don't hesitate to help him, even if we hate them we are to help and love our kinsmen.

 23:6  You shalt not wrest the judgment of your poor in his cause.

Septuagint: 6  You shalt not wrest the sentence of the poor in his judgment.

 23:7  Keep you far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay you not: for I will not justify the wicked.

Septuagint: 7  You shalt abstain from every unjust thing: thou shalt not slay the innocent and just, and thou shalt not justify the wicked for gifts.

The Hebrew ends as “...because I will not declare righteous the wicked.

 23:8  And you shalt take no gift (bribes): for the gift blindeth the wise, and perverteth the words of the righteous.

 23:9  Also you shalt not oppress a stranger (of kin): for you know the heart of a stranger (of kin), seeing you were strangers (of kin) in the land of Egypt.

 23:10  And six years you shalt sow your land, and shalt gather in the fruits thereof:

 23:11  But the seventh year you shalt let it rest and lie still; that the poor of your people may eat: and what they leave the beasts of the field shall eat. In like manner you shalt deal with your vineyard, and with your oliveyard.

 23:12  Six days you shalt do your work, and on the seventh day you shalt rest: that your ox and your ass may rest, and the son of your handmaid, and the stranger (of kin), may be refreshed.

 23:13  And in all things that I have said unto you be circumspect (on guard): and make no mention of the name of other gods, neither let it be heard out of your mouth.

 23:14  Three times you shalt keep a feast unto Me in the year.

 23:15  You shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (you shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it you camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before Me empty:)   (Lev 23:6-8  Num 28:17-25)

 23:16  And the feast of harvest, the firstfruits of your labours, which you hast sown in the field: and the feast of ingathering, which is in the end of the year, when you hast gathered in your labours out of the field.   (Lev 23:15-21, 39-43  Num 28:26-31) (See 'Feast Days' in Calendar menu)

 23:17  Three times in the year all your males shall appear before Yahweh GOD.

 23:18  You shalt not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leavened bread; neither shall the fat of My sacrifice remain until the morning.

 23:19  The first of the firstfruits of your land you shalt bring into the house of Yahweh your God. You shalt not seethe (boil) a kid in his mother's milk.

 23:20  Behold, I send an Angel (Messenger) before you, to keep you in the way, and to bring you into the place which I have prepared.

 23:21  Beware of him, and obey his voice, provoke him not; for he will not pardon your transgressions: for My name is in him.

The Hebrew: 21  Be careful in his presence and listen to his voice, grieve him not...

Deuteronomy 18:19  And it shall come to pass, that whosoever will not hearken unto My words which he shall speak in My name, I will require it of him.

 23:22  But if you shalt indeed obey his voice, and do all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto your enemies, and an adversary unto your adversaries.

Deuteronomy 30:7  And Yahweh thy God will put all these curses upon thine enemies, and on them that hate thee, which persecuted thee.

Jeremiah 30:20  Their children also shall be as aforetime, and their congregation shall be established before Me, and I will punish all that oppress them.

 23:23  For Mine Angel (Messenger) shall go before you, and bring you in unto the Amorites, and the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites: and I will cut them off (destroy them).

 23:24  You shalt not bow down to their gods, nor serve them, nor do after their works: but you shalt utterly overthrow (destroy) them, and quite break down their images (pillars).

 23:25  And you shall serve Yahweh your God, and He shall bless your bread, and your water; and I will take sickness away from the midst of you.

Qualified by the IF in verse 22.

 23:26  There shall nothing cast their young, nor be barren, in your land: the number of your days I will fulfill.

 23:27  I will send My fear before you, and will destroy all the people to whom you shalt come, and I will make all your enemies turn their backs unto you.

 23:28  And I will send hornets before you, which shall drive out the Hivite, the Canaanite, and the Hittite, from before you.

 23:29  I will not drive them out from before you in one year; lest the land become desolate, and the beast of the field multiply against you.

 23:30  By little and little I will drive them out from before you, until you be increased, and inherit the land.

 23:31  And I will set your bounds from the Red sea (Sea of Reeds) even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and you shalt drive them out before you.

 23:32  You shalt make no covenant with them, nor with their gods.

Yahweh sets boundaries, and again warns Israel to have NO dealings with these cursed seedlines. America was founded by the regathering of the True Israelites (12 tribes), now we have every other race dwelling in our land and we have become accustomed to their ungodliness. We don't live in a Christian society anymore!

 23:33  They shall not dwell in your land, lest they make you sin against Me: for if you serve their gods, it will surely be a snare unto you.

We are no longer a white Christian Israelite nation under Yahweh!

 

 

The covenant affirmed

Exodus 24:1  And He said unto Moses, Come up unto Yahweh, you, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel; and worship you afar off.

 24:2  And Moses alone shall come near Yahweh: but they shall not come nigh; neither shall the people go up with him.

 24:3  And Moses came and told the people all the words of Yahweh, and all the judgments: and all the people answered with one voice, and said, All the words which Yahweh hath said will we do.

This is the second time our fathers vowed to keep His law.

 24:4  And Moses wrote all the words of Yahweh, and rose up early in the morning, and builded an altar under (by) the hill, and twelve pillars, according to the twelve tribes of Israel.

 24:5  And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto Yahweh.

 24:6  And Moses took half of the blood, and put it in basons; and half of the blood he sprinkled on the altar.

Hebrews 9:18  Whereupon neither the first testament was dedicated without blood.

 24:7  And he took the book (scroll) of the covenant, and read in the audience of the people: and they said, All that Yahweh hath said will we do, and be obedient.

Three times.

 24:8  And Moses took the blood, and sprinkled it on the people, and said, Behold the blood of the covenant, which Yahweh hath made with you concerning all these words.

Matthew 26:28  For this is My blood of the new testament, which is shed for many for the remission of sins.

1Corinthians 11:25  After the same manner also he took the cup, when he had supped, saying, This cup is the new testament in My blood: this do ye, as oft as ye drink it, in remembrance of Me.

Hebrews 9:19-20

19  For when Moses had spoken every precept to all the people according to the law, he took the blood of calves and of goats, with water, and scarlet wool, and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book, and all the people,

20  Saying, This is the blood of the testament which God hath enjoined unto you.

1Peter 1:2  Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.

 24:9  Then went up Moses, and Aaron, Nadab, and Abihu, and seventy of the elders of Israel:

 24:10  And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under His feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone, and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness.

The Septuagint ends as: “...and as it were the appearance of the firmament of heaven in its purity.”

The Hebrew has “...and as it was the substance of the sky in brightness.”

 24:11  And upon the nobles of the children of Israel He laid not His hand: also they saw God, and did eat and drink.

He showed them an image in a vision, not physical presence.

'He laid not His hand” means He did not smite them for being there because He told them not to come up the mountain.

 24:12  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Come up to Me into the mount, and be there: and I will give you tables of stone, and a law, and commandments which I have written; that you mayest teach them.

 24:13  And Moses rose up, and his minister Joshua: and Moses went up into the mount of God.

 24:14  And he said unto the elders, Tarry you here for us, until we come again unto you: and, behold, Aaron and Hur are with you: if any man have any matters to do, let him come unto them.

 24:15  And Moses went up into the mount, and a cloud covered the mount.

Joshua did not go all the way up with Moses.

 24:16  And the glory of Yahweh abode upon mount Sinai, and the cloud covered it six days: and the seventh day He called unto Moses out of the midst of the cloud.

 24:17  And the sight (appearance) of the glory of Yahweh was like devouring fire on the top of the mount in the eyes of the children of Israel.

Deuteronomy 4:36  Out of heaven He made thee to hear His voice, that He might instruct thee: and upon earth He shewed thee His great fire; and thou heardest His words out of the midst of the fire.

 24:18  And Moses went into the midst of the cloud, and gat him up into the mount: and Moses was in the mount forty days and forty nights.   (Deut 9:9  Jasher 82:22)

The number forty is always a period of trial.

Moses going into the cloud on the seventh day is a 'type'. The high priest will eventually go into the holiest of holies and make atonement for the people. This will become part of the Levitical rituals when they enter the Promised Land.

 

The Ark

A standard cubit is about 18”, a sacred cubit is about 23”. All the cubits in Exodus are for the holy things and therefore are measured by the sacred cubit.

Exodus 25:1  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 25:2  Speak unto the children of Israel, that they bring me an offering: of every man that giveth it willingly with his heart you shall take My offering.

 25:3  And this is the offering which you shall take of them; gold, and silver, and brass (bronze),

 25:4  And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

 25:5  And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim (Acacia) wood,

Badger's skins is an addition. The Hebrew word is tachash, the meaning is unknown.

 25:6  Oil for the light, spices for anointing oil, and for sweet incense,

 25:7  Onyx stones, and stones to be set in the ephod, and in the breastplate.

 25:8  And let them make Me a sanctuary (Holy Place); that I may dwell among them.

Holy means dedicated, set apart.

 25:9  According to all that I shew you, after the pattern of the tabernacle, and the pattern of all the instruments thereof, even so shall you make it.

 25:10  And they shall make an ark of shittim (Acacia) wood: two cubits and a half (4'9”) shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

 25:11  And you shalt overlay it with pure gold, within and without shalt you overlay it, and shalt make upon it a crown of gold round about.

 25:12  And you shalt cast four rings of gold for it, and put them in the four corners thereof; and two rings shall be in the one side of it, and two rings in the other side of it.

The Ark was like a capacitor. They had to carry it with poles of wood because they were non conductive.

 25:13  And you shalt make staves (poles) of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlay them with gold.

 25:14  And you shalt put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, that the ark may be borne (carried) with them.

 25:15  The staves shall be in the rings of the ark: they shall not be taken from it.

 25:16  And you shalt put into the ark the testimony which I shall give you.

 25:17  And you shalt make a mercy seat (lid) of pure gold: two cubits and a half shall be the length thereof, and a cubit and a half the breadth thereof.

Hebrews 9:5  And above it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat (seat of propitiation); concerning which there is not now opportunity to speak.

 25:18  And you shalt make two cherubims of gold, of beaten work shalt you make them, in the two ends of the mercy seat (lid).

 25:19  And make one cherub on the one end, and the other cherub on the other end: even of the mercy seat (lid) shall you make the cherubims on the two ends thereof.

 25:20  And the cherubims shall stretch forth their wings on high, covering the mercy seat (lid) with their wings, and their faces shall look one to another; toward the mercy seat shall the faces of the cherubims be.

 25:21  And you shalt put the mercy seat above upon the ark; and in the ark you shalt put the testimony that I shall give you.

 25:22  And there I will meet with you, and I will commune with you from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubims which are upon the ark of the testimony, of all things which I will give you in commandment unto the children of Israel.

 25:23  You shalt also make a table of shittim (Acacia) wood: two cubits shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half the height thereof.

 25:24  And you shalt overlay it with pure gold, and make thereto a crown of gold round about.

 25:25  And you shalt make unto it a border of an hand breadth round about, and you shalt make a golden crown to the border thereof round about.

 25:26  And you shalt make for it four rings of gold, and put the rings in the four corners that are on the four feet thereof.

 25:27  Over against the border shall the rings be for places of the staves to bear the table.

 25:28  And you shalt make the staves of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlay them with gold, that the table may be borne (carried) with them.

 25:29  And you shalt make the dishes thereof, and spoons thereof, and covers thereof, and bowls thereof, to cover withal: of pure gold shalt you make them.

 25:30  And you shalt set upon the table shewbread (bread of the presence) before Me always.

 25:31  And you shalt make a candlestick (lampstand) of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

 25:32  And six branches shall come out of the sides of it; three branches of the candlestick out of the one side, and three branches of the candlestick out of the other side:

 25:33  Three bowls made like unto almonds, with a knop and a flower in one branch; and three bowls made like almonds in the other branch, with a knop and a flower: so in the six branches that come out of the candlestick.

 25:34  And in the candlestick (lampstand) shall be four bowls made like unto almonds, with their knops and their flowers.

 25:35  And there shall be a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches that proceed out of the candlestick (lampstand).

 25:36  Their knops and their branches shall be of the same: all it shall be one beaten work of pure gold.

 25:37  And you shalt make the seven lamps thereof: and they shall light (lift up) the lamps thereof, that they may give light over against it.

 25:38  And the tongs thereof, and the snuffdishes thereof, shall be of pure gold.

 25:39  Of a talent of pure gold shall he make it, with all these vessels.

 25:40  And look that you make them after their pattern, which was shewed you in the mount.

Acts 7:44  Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as he had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen.

Hebrews 8:5  (The Levitical priests) Who serve unto the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for, See, saith he, that thou make all things according to the pattern shewed to thee in the mount.

Chanukkah (Hanukkah) is NOT a Jewish holiday.

Maccabees demonstrates that it is an Israelite feast. (1Ma 4:56,59, 2Ma 2:9:19)

Instituted by Judas Maccabaeus [164 BC] in memory of the cleansing of the temple from the pollution of Antiochus Epiphanes

The enemy destroyed all the pure oil for the menorah except for one jar which was enough for one day. The priests had to make more oil, which was a process. Yahweh made the oil of that one jar to last for eight days.  Hannukah is the celebration of that eight day miracle done by Yahweh.

It is called the feast of dedication. It is different than the seven candle menorah.

Nehemiah 12:27  And at the dedication of the wall of Jerusalem they sought the Levites out of all their places, to bring them to Jerusalem, to keep the dedication with gladness, both with thanksgivings, and with singing, with cymbals, psalteries, and with harps.

John 10:22  And it was at Jerusalem the feast of the dedication (Hannukah), and it was winter.

The Hannukah lamp is an eight candle lamp. Each candle is lit each day, hence the eight days Yahweh kept the oil burning.

 

 

Chapters 26-31 are construction details for the tabernacle in the wilderness. The Israelites were going to carry the tabernacle around with them during the 40 years of wandering.

The Tabernacle

Exodus 26:1  Moreover you shalt make the tabernacle with ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning (artistic) work shalt you make them.

 26:2  The length of one curtain shall be eight and twenty cubits (53'6”), and the breadth of one curtain four cubits (7'7”): and every one of the curtains shall have one measure.

The sacred cubit is approximately 23”. The standard cubit is approximately 18”.

 26:3  The five curtains shall be coupled together one to another; and other five curtains shall be coupled one to another.

 26:4  And you shalt make loops of blue upon the edge of the one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling; and likewise shalt you make in the uttermost edge of another curtain, in the coupling of the second.

 26:5  Fifty loops shalt you make in the one curtain, and fifty loops shalt you make in the edge of the curtain that is in the coupling of the second; that the loops may take hold one of another.

 26:6  And you shalt make fifty taches (hooks) of gold, and couple the curtains together with the taches (hooks): and it shall be one tabernacle.

 26:7  And you shalt make curtains of goats' hair to be a covering upon the tabernacle: eleven curtains shalt you make.

The roof over the tabernacle.

 26:8  The length of one curtain shall be thirty cubits (57'6”), and the breadth of one curtain four cubits: and the eleven curtains shall be all of one measure.

 26:9  And you shalt couple five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves, and shalt double the sixth curtain in the forefront of the tabernacle.

 26:10  And you shalt make fifty loops on the edge of the one curtain that is outmost in the coupling, and fifty loops in the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second.

 26:11  And you shalt make fifty taches (hooks) of brass (bronze), and put the taches (hooks) into the loops, and couple the tent together, that it may be one.

 26:12  And the remnant that remaineth of the curtains of the tent, the half curtain that remaineth, shall hang over the backside of the tabernacle.

Like a drip edge, the rest of the curtain would shed rain away from the tabernacle.

 26:13  And a cubit on the one side, and a cubit on the other side of that which remaineth in the length of the curtains of the tent, it shall hang over the sides of the tabernacle on this side and on that side, to cover it.

These drip edge curtains were like awnings on all sides of the tabernacle.

 26:14  And you shalt make a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering above of badgers' skins (tachash)(badger's skin is the translators guess).

'Red' in verse 14 comes from H119, awdawm. The qualities and descriptions of the white race.

 26:15  And you shalt make boards for the tabernacle of shittim (Acacia) wood standing up.

 26:16  Ten cubits (19') shall be the length of a board, and a cubit and a half (2'10“) shall be the breadth of one board.

 26:17  Two tenons shall there be in one board, set in order one against another: thus shalt you make for all the boards of the tabernacle.

 26:18  And you shalt make the boards for the tabernacle, twenty boards on the south side southward.

 26:19  And you shalt make forty sockets (bases) of silver under the twenty boards; two sockets (bases) under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets (bases) under another board for his two tenons.

 26:20  And for the second side of the tabernacle on the north side there shall be twenty boards:

 26:21  And their forty sockets (bases) of silver; two sockets (bases) under one board, and two sockets (bases) under another board.

 26:22  And for the sides of the tabernacle westward you shalt make six boards.

 26:23  And two boards shalt you make for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides.

 26:24  And they shall be coupled together beneath, and they shall be coupled together above the head of it unto one ring: thus shall it be for them both; they shall be for the two corners.

 26:25  And they shall be eight boards, and their sockets (bases) of silver, sixteen sockets (bases); two sockets (bases) under one board, and two sockets (bases) under another board.

 26:26  And you shalt make bars of shittim (Acacia) wood; five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle,

 26:27  And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the side of the tabernacle, for the two sides westward.

 26:28  And the middle bar in the midst of the boards shall reach from end to end.

 26:29  And you shalt overlay the boards with gold, and make their rings of gold for places for the bars: and you shalt overlay the bars with gold.

 26:30  And you shalt rear up the tabernacle according to the fashion thereof which was shewed you in the mount.

 26:31  And you shalt make a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen of cunning (artistic) work: with cherubims shall it be made:

Vail, H6532. The vail of the temple that was rent in two when Yahshua gave up the Spirit and completed the blood sacrifice to cover our sins.

 26:32  And you shalt hang it upon four pillars of shittim (Acacia) wood overlaid with gold: their hooks shall be of gold, upon the four sockets (bases) of silver.

 26:33  And you shalt hang up the vail under the taches (hooks), that you mayest bring in thither within the vail the ark of the testimony: and the vail shall divide unto you between the holy place and the most holy (holy of holies).

Hebrews 6:19  Which hope we have as an anchor of the soul, both sure and stedfast, and which entereth into that within the veil;

9:3-5

3  And after the second veil, the tabernacle which is called the Holiest of all;

4  Which had the golden censer, and the ark of the covenant overlaid round about with gold, wherein was the golden pot that had manna, and Aaron's rod that budded, and the tables of the covenant;

5  And over it the cherubims of glory shadowing the mercyseat; of which we cannot now speak particularly.

 26:34  And you shalt put the mercy seat (lid) upon the ark of the testimony in the most holy place (holy of holies).

 26:35  And you shalt set the table without the vail, and the candlestick (lampstand) over against the table on the side of the tabernacle toward the south: and you shalt put the table on the north side.

 26:36  And you shalt make an hanging for the door of the tent, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework.

 26:37  And you shalt make for the hanging five pillars of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlay them with gold, and their hooks shall be of gold: and you shalt cast five sockets (bases) of brass (bronze) for them.

 

 

The Altar

Exodus 27:1  And you shalt make an altar of shittim (Acacia) wood, five cubits long (10'), and five cubits broad; the altar shall be foursquare: and the height thereof shall be three cubits (5' 9”).

 27:2  And you shalt make the horns of it upon the four corners thereof: his horns shall be of the same (material): and you shalt overlay it with brass (bronze).

 27:3  And you shalt make his pans to receive his ashes, and his shovels, and his basons (bowls), and his fleshhooks (mizlagah), and his firepans: all the vessels thereof you shalt make of brass (bronze).

Fleshhooks is incorrect. The Hebrew word is mizlagah and is an unknown meaning. It is possible that it is a hook or type of utensil.

 27:4  And you shalt make for it a grate of network of brass (bronze); and upon the net shalt you make four brasen rings in the four corners thereof.

 27:5  And you shalt put it under the compass of the altar beneath, that the net may be even to the midst of the altar.

 27:6  And you shalt make staves for the altar, staves of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlay them with brass (bronze).

 27:7  And the staves shall be put into the rings, and the staves shall be upon the two sides of the altar, to bear it.

 27:8  Hollow with boards shalt you make it: as it was shewed you in the mount, so shall they make it.

 27:9  And you shalt make the court (courtyard) of the tabernacle: for the south side southward there shall be hangings for the court of fine twined linen of an hundred cubits (191'6”) long for one side:

 27:10  And the twenty pillars thereof and their twenty sockets (bases) shall be of brass (bronze); the hooks of the pillars and their fillets shall be of silver.

 27:11  And likewise for the north side in length there shall be hangings of an hundred cubits long, and his twenty pillars and their twenty sockets (bases) of brass (bronze); the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.

 27:12  And for the breadth (width) of the court on the west side shall be hangings of fifty cubits (95'): their pillars ten, and their sockets (bases) ten.

 27:13  And the breadth (width) of the court on the east side eastward shall be fifty cubits.

 27:14  The hangings of one side of the gate shall be fifteen cubits (28' 9”): their pillars three, and their sockets (bases) three.

 27:15  And on the other side shall be hangings fifteen cubits: their pillars three, and their sockets (bases) three.

 27:16  And for the gate of the court shall be an hanging of twenty cubits (30'), of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, wrought with needlework: and their pillars shall be four, and their sockets (bases) four.

 27:17  All the pillars round about the court shall be filleted with silver; their hooks shall be of silver, and their sockets (bases) of brass (bronze).

 27:18  The length of the court shall be an hundred cubits, and the breadth fifty every where, and the height five cubits of fine twined linen, and their sockets (bases) of brass (bronze).

 27:19  All the vessels of the tabernacle in all the service thereof, and all the pins (tent pins) thereof, and all the pins of the court, shall be of brass (bronze).

 27:20  And you shalt command the children of Israel, that they bring you pure oil olive beaten for the light, to cause the lamp to burn always.   (Lev 24:2)

 27:21  In the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting) outside the vail, which is before the testimony, Aaron and his sons shall order it from evening to morning before Yahweh: it shall be a statute for ever unto their generations on the behalf of the children of Israel.

 

 

The priest's garments

Exodus 28:1  And take you unto you Aaron your brother, and his sons with him, from among the children of Israel, that he may minister unto Me in the priest's office, even Aaron, Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar, Aaron's sons.

The Aaronic priesthood.

 28:2  And you shalt make holy garments for Aaron your brother for glory and for beauty.

 28:3  And you shalt speak unto all that are wise hearted, whom I have filled with the spirit of wisdom, that they may make Aaron's garments to consecrate him, that he may minister unto Me in the priest's office.

 28:4  And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron your brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto Me in the priest's office.

 28:5  And they shall take gold, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen.

 28:6  And they shall make the ephod of gold, of blue, and of purple, of scarlet, and fine twined linen, with cunning (artistic) work.

 28:7  It shall have the two shoulderpieces thereof joined at the two edges thereof; and so it shall be joined together.

 28:8  And the curious (embroidered) girdle of the ephod, which is upon it, shall be of the same, according to the work thereof; even of gold, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

 28:9  And you shalt take two onyx stones, and grave on them the names of the children of Israel:

 28:10  Six of their names on one stone, and the other six names of the rest on the other stone, according to their birth.

 28:11  With the work of an engraver in stone, like the engravings of a signet, shalt you engrave the two stones with the names of the children of Israel: you shalt make them to be set in ouches (settings) of gold.

 28:12  And you shalt put the two stones upon the shoulders of the ephod for stones of memorial unto the children of Israel: and Aaron shall bear their names before Yahweh upon his two shoulders for a memorial.

 28:13  And you shalt make ouches (settings) of gold;

 28:14  And two chains of pure gold at the ends; of wreathen (twisted) work shalt you make them, and fasten the wreathen (twisted) chains to the ouches (settings).

 28:15  And you shalt make the breastplate of judgment with cunning (artistic) work; after the work of the ephod you shalt make it; of gold, of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine twined linen, shalt you make it.

 28:16  Foursquare it shall be being doubled; a span (hand span) shall be the length thereof, and a span shall be the breadth thereof.

 28:17  And you shalt set in it settings of stones, even four rows of stones: the first row shall be a sardius (ruby, carnelian(redness)), a topaz, and a carbuncle (emerald): this shall be the first row.

 28:18  And the second row shall be an emerald (nophek-unknown), a sapphire, and a diamond (yahalom-unknown).

 28:19  And the third row a ligure (leshem-unknown), an agate (shebu-unknown), and an ameyourst.

 28:20  And the fourth row a beryl (tarshiysh-unknown), and an onyx (shoham-unkown), and a jasper: they shall be set in gold in their inclosings.

 28:21  And the stones shall be with the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet; every one with his name shall they be according to the twelve tribes.

 28:22  And you shalt make upon the breastplate chains at the ends of wreathen (twisted) work of pure gold.

 28:23  And you shalt make upon the breastplate two rings of gold, and shalt put the two rings on the two ends of the breastplate.

 28:24  And you shalt put the two wreathen (twisted) chains of gold in the two rings which are on the ends of the breastplate.

 28:25  And the other two ends of the two wreathen (twisted) chains you shalt fasten in the two ouches (settings), and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod before it.

 28:26  And you shalt make two rings of gold, and you shalt put them upon the two ends of the breastplate in the border thereof, which is in the side of the ephod inward.

 28:27  And two other rings of gold you shalt make, and shalt put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart thereof, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious (embroidered) girdle of the ephod.

 28:28  And they shall bind the breastplate by the rings thereof unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it may be above the curious (embroidered) girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate be not loosed (fall off) from the ephod.

 28:29  And Aaron shall bear the names of the children of Israel in the breastplate of judgment upon his heart, when he goeth in unto the holy place, for a memorial (record) before Yahweh continually.

 28:30  And you shalt put in the breastplate of judgment the Urim and the Thummim; and they shall be upon Aaron's heart, when he goeth in before Yahweh: and Aaron shall bear the judgment of the children of Israel upon his heart before Yahweh continually.

The Urim and the Thummim are the light (fires of judgment) and the truth (perfections of truth).

They are the stones that are in the breastplate. They are said to vibrate and/or light up when the priesthood inquired about issues regarding Israel.

Numbers 27:21  And he shall stand before Eleazar the priest, who shall ask counsel for him after the judgment of Urim before Yahweh: at his word shall they go out, and at his word they shall come in, both he, and all the children of Israel with him, even all the congregation.

Deuteronomy 33:8  And of Levi he said, Let thy Thummim and thy Urim be with thy holy one, whom thou didst prove at Massah (testing), and with whom thou didst strive at the waters of Meribah (provocation);

 28:31  And you shalt make the robe of the ephod all of blue.

 28:32  And there shall be an hole in the top of it, in the midst thereof: it shall have a binding of woven work round about the hole of it, as it were the hole of an habergeon (collar), that it be not rent.

 28:33  And beneath upon the hem of it you shalt make pomegranates of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, round about the hem thereof; and bells of gold between them round about:

 28:34  A golden bell and a pomegranate, a golden bell and a pomegranate, upon the hem of the robe round about.

Sirach 45:9  And he compassed him with pomegranates, and with many golden bells round about, that as he went there might be a sound, and a noise made that might be heard in the temple, for a memorial to the children of his people;

 28:35  And it shall be upon Aaron to minister: and his sound shall be heard when he goeth in unto the holy place before Yahweh, and when he cometh out, that he die not.

 28:36  And you shalt make a plate of pure gold, and grave upon it, like the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO YAHWEH.

Holiness means dedicated, set apart.

 28:37  And you shalt put it on a blue lace, that it may be upon the mitre (turban); upon the forefront of the mitre it shall be.

 28:38  And it shall be upon Aaron's forehead, that Aaron may bear the iniquity of the holy things, which the children of Israel shall hallow in all their holy gifts; and it shall be always upon his forehead, that they may be accepted before Yahweh.

Leviticus 22:9  They shall therefore keep Mine ordinance, lest they bear sin for it, and die therefore, if they profane it: I Yahweh do sanctify them.

 28:39  And you shalt embroider the coat of fine linen, and you shalt make the mitre of fine linen, and you shalt make the girdle of needlework.

 28:40  And for Aaron's sons you shalt make coats, and you shalt make for them girdles, and bonnets shalt you make for them, for glory and for beauty.

 28:41  And you shalt put them upon Aaron your brother, and his sons with him; and shalt anoint them, and consecrate them, and sanctify them, that they may minister unto Me in the priest's office.

 28:42  And you shalt make them linen breeches to cover their nakedness; from the loins even unto the thighs they shall reach:

 28:43  And they shall be upon Aaron, and upon his sons, when they come in unto the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), or when they come near unto the altar to minister in the holy place; that they bear not iniquity, and die: it shall be a statute for ever unto him and his seed after him.

 

 

Consecrating the priests

Exodus 29:1  And this is the thing that you shalt do unto them to hallow them, to minister unto Me in the priest's office: Take one young bullock, and two rams without blemish,

 29:2  And unleavened bread, and cakes unleavened tempered with oil, and wafers unleavened anointed with oil: of wheaten flour shalt you make them.

 29:3  And you shalt put them into one basket, and bring them in the basket, with the bullock and the two rams.

 29:4  And Aaron and his sons you shalt bring unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), and shalt wash them with water.

 29:5  And you shalt take the garments, and put upon Aaron the coat, and the robe of the ephod, and the ephod, and the breastplate, and gird him with the curious (embroidered) girdle of the ephod:

 29:6  And you shalt put the mitre (turban) upon his head, and put the holy crown (the sign Holiness to Yahweh) upon the mitre.

 29:7  Then shalt you take the anointing oil, and pour it upon his head, and anoint him.

 29:8  And you shalt bring his sons, and put coats upon them.

 29:9  And you shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest's office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and you shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.

The perpetual statute lasted until the time of Yahshua Messiah, when the Aaronic priesthood was infiltrated and polluted by the Edomite Jews under the authority of the Romans. They perverted it with their Talmudist Judaism and also why the priesthood expired. The Jews destroyed the priesthood. Christ took over as high priest when He was murdered by the Jews.

 29:10  And you shalt cause a bullock to be brought before the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting): and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the bullock.

 29:11  And you shalt kill the bullock before Yahweh, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting).

 29:12  And you shalt take of the blood of the bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar with your finger, and pour all the blood beside the bottom of the altar.

 29:13  And you shalt take all the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul that is above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and burn them upon the altar.

Qatar (burn) is a type of burning incense. The organs were a 'sacrificial incense'.

 29:14  But the flesh of the bullock, and his skin, and his dung, shalt you burn with fire without the camp: it is a sin offering.

Hebrews 13:11  For the bodies of those beasts, whose blood is brought into the sanctuary by the high priest for sin, are burned without the camp.

 29:15  You shalt also take one ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

 29:16  And you shalt slay the ram, and you shalt take his blood, and sprinkle it round about upon the altar.

 29:17  And you shalt cut the ram in pieces, and wash the inwards of him, and his legs, and put them unto his pieces, and unto his head.

 29:18  And you shalt burn the whole ram upon the altar: it is a burnt offering unto Yahweh: it is a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto Yahweh.

Ephesians 5:2  And walk in love, as Christ also hath loved us, and hath given himself for us an offering and a sacrifice to God for a sweetsmelling savour.

 29:19  And you shalt take the other ram; and Aaron and his sons shall put their hands upon the head of the ram.

 29:20  Then shalt you kill the ram, and take of his blood, and put it upon the tip of the right ear of Aaron, and upon the tip of the right ear of his sons, and upon the thumb of their right hand, and upon the great toe of their right foot, and sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.

 29:21  And you shalt take of the blood that is upon the altar, and of the anointing oil, and sprinkle it upon Aaron, and upon his garments, and upon his sons, and upon the garments of his sons with him: and he shall be hallowed (set apart), and his garments, and his sons, and his sons' garments with him.

 29:22  Also you shalt take of the ram the fat and the rump, and the fat that covereth the inwards, and the caul above the liver, and the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, and the right shoulder; for it is a ram of consecration:

 29:23  And one loaf of bread, and one cake of oiled bread, and one wafer out of the basket of the unleavened bread that is before Yahweh:

 29:24  And you shalt put all in the hands of Aaron, and in the hands of his sons; and shalt wave them for a wave offering before Yahweh.

 29:25  And you shalt receive them of their hands, and burn them upon the altar for a burnt offering, for a sweet savour before Yahweh: it is an offering made by fire unto Yahweh.

 29:26  And you shalt take the breast of the ram of Aaron's consecration, and wave it for a wave offering before Yahweh: and it shall be your part (portion).

 29:27  And you shalt sanctify the breast of the wave offering, and the shoulder of the heave offering, which is waved, and which is heaved up, of the ram of the consecration, even of that which is for Aaron, and of that which is for his sons:

 29:28  And it shall be Aaron's and his sons' by a statute for ever from the children of Israel: for it is an heave offering: and it shall be an heave offering from the children of Israel of the sacrifice of their peace offerings, even their heave offering unto Yahweh.

 29:29  And the holy garments of Aaron shall be his sons' after him, to be anointed therein, and to be consecrated (full of strength) in them.

 29:30  And that son that is priest in his stead shall put them on seven days, when he cometh into the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting) to minister in the holy place.

 29:31  And you shalt take the ram of the consecration, and seethe (boil) his flesh in the holy place.

 29:32  And Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of the ram, and the bread that is in the basket, by the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting).

 29:33  And they shall eat those things wherewith the atonement (propitiation) was made, to consecrate (be full of strength) and to sanctify (be set apart by) them: but a stranger shall not eat thereof, because they are holy.

Stranger here is zur.  Someone not of the seed of Aaron.

 29:34  And if ought of the flesh of the consecrations, or of the bread, remain unto the morning, then you shalt burn the remainder with fire: it shall not be eaten, because it is holy.

 29:35  And thus shalt you do unto Aaron, and to his sons, according to all things which I have commanded you: seven days shalt you consecrate them.

The Hebrew ends as: “... seven days shall they be full of strength.”

 29:36  And you shalt offer every day a bullock for a sin offering for atonement (propitiation): and you shalt cleanse the altar, when you hast made an atonement (propitiation) for it, and you shalt anoint it, to sanctify it.

The Hebrew reads: “...:and you shall make a sin offering (H2398- missing the mark of duty, obligation or service) for it, and you shall make a sin offering upon the altar when you have made propitiation for it, and you shall consecrate it.”

 29:37  Seven days you shalt make an atonement for the altar, and sanctify it; and it shall be an altar most holy: whatsoever toucheth the altar shall be holy.

Yahweh is teaching His people to be holy (separate) from all the other people (races). In Egypt, the children of Israel learned many pagan ways. Yahweh brought them out and is showing them how to be holy (separate) unto Him. Today we must be holy (separate) and follow His laws and ways and not to follow the ways of society. America is not Christian anymore. We are surrounded by alien races that feed off of our blessings and have turned us against Yahweh.

 29:38  Now this is that which you shalt offer upon the altar; two lambs of the first year day by day continually.

 29:39  The one lamb you shalt offer in the morning; and the other lamb you shalt offer at even:

 29:40  And with the one lamb a tenth deal of flour mingled with the fourth part of an hin of beaten oil; and the fourth part of an hin of wine for a drink offering.

 29:41  And the other lamb you shalt offer at even, and shalt do thereto according to the meat (grain) offering of the morning, and according to the drink offering thereof, for a sweet savour, an offering made by fire unto Yahweh.

 29:42  This shall be a continual burnt offering throughout your generations (posterity) at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting) before Yahweh: where I will meet you, to speak there unto you.

 29:43  And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by My glory.

 29:44  And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to Me in the priest's office.

 29:45  And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God.

 29:46  And they shall know that I am Yahweh their God, that brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am Yahweh their God.

Yahweh is exclusive to Israel. The “churches” teach that everybody can claim what Yahweh promised to Israel.

 

 

Offerings

Exodus 30:1  And you shalt make an altar to burn incense upon: of shittim (Acacia) wood shalt you make it.

 30:2  A cubit (23) shall be the length thereof, and a cubit the breadth thereof; foursquare shall it be: and two cubits (4'10”) shall be the height thereof: the horns thereof shall be of the same.

 30:3  And you shalt overlay it with pure gold, the top thereof, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns thereof; and you shalt make unto it a crown of gold round about.

 30:4  And two golden rings shalt you make to it under the crown of it, by the two corners thereof, upon the two sides of it shalt you make it; and they shall be for places for the staves (poles) to bear it withal.

 30:5  And you shalt make the staves (poles) of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlay them with gold.

 30:6  And you shalt put it before the vail that is by the ark of the testimony, before the mercy seat (lid) that is over the testimony, where I will meet with you.

 30:7  And Aaron shall burn thereon sweet incense every morning: when he dresseth the lamps, he shall burn incense upon it.

 30:8  And when Aaron lighteth the lamps at even, he shall burn incense upon it, a perpetual incense before Yahweh throughout your generations.

 30:9  Ye shall offer no strange (foreign) incense thereon, nor burnt sacrifice, nor meat offering; neither shall you pour drink offering thereon.

Strange here is zur. Strange to the law or instructions of Yahweh.

 30:10  And Aaron shall make an atonement (propitiation) upon the horns of it once in a year with the blood of the sin offering of atonements (propitiation): once in the year shall he make atonement (propitiation) upon it throughout your generations (posterity): it is most holy unto Yahweh.

3Maccabees 1:11  And when they told him that this was not permissible, none of the nation, no, nor even the priests in general, but only the supreme high priest of all, and he only once in a year, being allowed to go in, he would by no means give way.

 30:11  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 30:12  When you takest the sum of the children of Israel after their number, then shall they give every man a ransom (make an atonement) for his soul unto Yahweh, when you numberest them; that there be no plague among them, when you numberest them.

 30:13  This they shall give, every one that passeth among them that are numbered, half a shekel after the shekel of the sanctuary: (a shekel is twenty gerahs:) an half shekel shall be the offering of Yahweh.

 30:14  Every one that passeth among them that are numbered, from twenty years old and above, shall give an offering unto Yahweh.

 30:15  The rich shall not give more, and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel, when they give an offering unto Yahweh, to make an atonement (propitiation) for your souls.

 30:16  And you shalt take the atonement (propitiation) money of the children of Israel, and shalt appoint it for the service of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting); that it may be a memorial unto the children of Israel before Yahweh, to make an atonement (propitiation) for your souls.

 30:17  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 30:18  You shalt also make a laver of brass (bronze), and his foot also of brass (bronze), to wash withal: and you shalt put it between the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting) and the altar, and you shalt put water therein.

 30:19  For Aaron and his sons shall wash their hands and their feet thereat:

 30:20  When they go into the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), they shall wash with water, that they die not; or when they come near to the altar to minister, to burn offering made by fire unto Yahweh:

 30:21  So they shall wash their hands and their feet, that they die not: and it shall be a statute for ever to them, even to him and to his seed (offspring) throughout their generations (posterity).

 30:22  Moreover Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 30:23  Take you also unto you principal spices, of pure myrrh five hundred shekels, and of sweet cinnamon half so much, even two hundred and fifty shekels, and of sweet calamus two hundred and fifty shekels,

Myrrh is a distillation of horseradish, and calamus is sweet cane.

 30:24  And of cassia five hundred shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary, and of oil olive an hin:

Cassia is a type of bark.

 30:25  And you shalt make it an oil of holy ointment, an ointment compound after the art of the apothecary: it shall be an holy anointing oil.

 30:26  And you shalt anoint the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting) therewith, and the ark of the testimony,

 30:27  And the table and all his vessels, and the candlestick (lampstand) and his vessels, and the altar of incense,

 30:28  And the altar of burnt offering with all his vessels, and the laver and his foot.

 30:29  And you shalt sanctify them, that they may be most holy: whatsoever toucheth them shall be holy.

 30:30  And you shalt anoint Aaron and his sons, and consecrate them, that they may minister unto Me in the priest's office.

 30:31  And you shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, This shall be an holy anointing oil unto Me throughout your generations.

 30:32  Upon man's flesh shall it not be poured, neither shall you make any other like it, after the composition of it: it is holy, and it shall be holy unto you.

 30:33  Whosoever compoundeth (blends) any like it, or whosoever putteth any of it upon a stranger, shall even be cut off from his people.

Stranger here is zur. Strange to the law, not of the seed of Aaron.

 30:34  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Take unto you sweet spices, stacte (nataph-unknown), and onycha (shecheleth-unknown), and galbanum (chelbenah-unknown); these sweet spices with pure frankincense: of each shall there be a like weight:

Stacte may be an aromatic gum. Onycha may be an aromatic mussel. Galbanum may be another aromatic gum. All are guesses as the Hebrew word meaning is unknown.

 30:35  And you shalt make it a perfume, a confection after the art of the apothecary, tempered together, pure and holy:

 30:36  And you shalt beat some of it very small, and put of it before the testimony in the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), where I will meet with you: it shall be unto you most holy.

 30:37  And as for the perfume which you shalt make, you shall not make to yourselves according to the composition thereof: it shall be unto you holy for Yahweh.

 30:38  Whosoever shall make like unto that, to smell thereto (the same), shall even be cut off from his people.

No copying Yahweh's incense for yourself. Do not imitate or defile His personal stuff.

 

 

Laver, oil, and perfume

The Sabbath

Exodus 31:1  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 31:2  See, I have called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah:

Aaron and Hur held Moses arms up when Israel was fighting Amalek.

 31:3  And I have filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, and in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship,

 31:4  To devise cunning (skilled) works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass (bronze),

 31:5  And in cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of timber, to work in all manner of workmanship.

 31:6  And I, behold, I have given with him Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan: and in the hearts of all that are wise hearted I have put wisdom, that they may make all that I have commanded you;

 31:7  The tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), and the ark of the testimony, and the mercy seat (lid) that is thereupon, and all the furniture of the tabernacle,

 31:8  And the table and his furniture, and the pure candlestick (lampstand) with all his furniture, and the altar of incense,

 31:9  And the altar of burnt offering with all his furniture, and the laver and his foot,

 31:10  And the cloths of service, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest's office,

 31:11  And the anointing oil, and sweet incense for the holy place: according to all that I have commanded you shall they do.

 31:12  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 31:13  Speak you also unto the children of Israel, saying, Verily My sabbaths you shall keep: for it is a sign between Me and you throughout your generations; that you may know that I am Yahweh that doth sanctify you.

Yahweh is speaking to our race, not all races.

 31:14  Ye shall keep the sabbath therefore; for it is holy unto you: every one that defileth it shall surely be put to death: for whosoever doeth any work therein, that soul (person) shall be cut off from among his people.

 31:15  Six days may work be done; but in the seventh is the sabbath of rest, holy (set apart) to Yahweh: whosoever doeth any work in the sabbath day, he shall surely be put to death.   (Lev 23:3 Deut 5:12-14)

This is serious stuff.

 31:16  Wherefore the children of Israel shall keep the sabbath, to observe the sabbath throughout their generations, for a perpetual covenant.

Who?  Everybody? No. Nowhere does the Bible extend the promises and covenants made to the children of Israel to everybody else. This is the book of the generations of Adam.  

 31:17  It is a sign between Me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days Yahweh made heaven (sky) and earth (land), and on the seventh day He rested, and was refreshed.

 31:18  And He gave unto Moses, when He had made an end of communing with him upon mount Sinai, two tables of testimony, tables of stone, written with the finger of God.

 

 

The golden calf

Exodus 32:1  And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount, the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, Up, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.

The people, stuck in their pagan ways, have no patience and pressure Aaron into making an idol.

 32:2  And Aaron said unto them, Break off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.

 32:3  And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron.

 32:4  And he received them at (from) their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, These be your gods, O Israel, which brought you up out of the land of Egypt.

After witnessing all the wonderful works Yahweh did for them, they still wanted some kind of idol or god. No different than today.

 32:5  And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, To morrow is a feast to Yahweh.

Aaron is the high priest and he was part of all this wickedness, and he paid the price later on for it.

 32:6  And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play.

Play (H6711) has licentious and sexual overtones, as will be seen in verse 25.

1Corinthians 10:7  Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.

 32:7  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Go, get you down; for your people, which you broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves:

 32:8  They have turned aside quickly out of The Way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, These be your gods, O Israel, which have brought you up out of the land of Egypt.

 32:9  And Yahweh said unto Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people:

2Chronicles 30:8  Now be ye not stiffnecked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves unto Yahweh, and enter into His sanctuary, which He hath sanctified for ever: and serve Yahweh your God, that the fierceness of His wrath may turn away from you.

 32:10  Now therefore let Me alone, that My wrath (anger) may wax hot (burn) against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of you a great nation.

Yahweh was going to start over with Moses and make his seed a great nation.

Note: The word 'nation' comes from H1471. The same word used for the word 'Gentile'. Gentile is a deceptive and inaccurate word which leads our people astray. If Moses was a Jew, how could his seed be a non-Jew nation? It can't, because Moses was not a Jew, nor does the word Gentile mean non-Jew!

 32:11  And Moses besought (made supplication to) Yahweh his God, and said, Yahweh, why doth Your wrath (anger) wax hot (burn) against Your people, which You hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand?

 32:12  Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, For mischief did He bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from Your fierce wrath (anger), and repent (change Your mind) of this evil against Your people.

 32:13  Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Your servants, to whom You swarest by Your own self, and saidst unto them, I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.   (Num 14:13-19)

Exclusive. Yahweh only has a relationship with His people. Not the other people in the world. The race of Adam. Moses was reminding Yahweh of His oath.

 32:14  And Yahweh repented of the evil which He thought to do unto His people.

Repented means in context, to change one's mind. Yahweh changes His mind about the impending destruction of the entire nation after Moses pleaded for his people. Moses had strong love for his people. Moses demonstrated the 2nd Great Commandment (Matt 22:37-39). Moses was a 'type', a foreshadow of Christ.

 32:15  And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written.

 32:16  And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.

Remember, Joshua was waiting for Moses on the mountain.

 32:17  And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, There is a noise of war in the camp.

 32:18  And he said, It is not the voice of them that shout for mastery (begin the battle), neither is it the voice of them that cry for being overcome (defeated): but the noise of them that sing do I hear.

 32:19  And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses' anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount.

 32:20  And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed (cast) it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it.

 32:21  And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto you, that you hast brought so great a sin upon them?

 32:22  And Aaron said, Let not the anger of my lord wax hot: you knowest the people, that they are set on mischief (evil).

 32:23  For they said unto me, Make us gods, which shall go before us: for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.

 32:24  And I said unto them, Whosoever hath any gold, let them break it off. So they gave it me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.

Aaron failed to mention the engraving tool and that he fashioned the calf for them.

 32:25  And when Moses saw that the people were naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies:)

Blatant paganism with an orgy. Just like all the pagan nations around them.

 32:26  Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, Who is on Yahweh's side? let him come unto me. And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him.

 32:27  And he said unto them, Thus saith Yahweh God of Israel, Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.

Matthew 10:34  Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword.

10:35  For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law.

10:36  And a man's foes shall be they of his own household.

 32:28  And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.

 32:29  For Moses had said, Consecrate yourselves to day to Yahweh, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that He may bestow upon you a blessing this day.

We must understand that Yahweh took His chosen people by the hand out of captivity, tried them in the desert, purged and slayed many of them, instructed them about His ways and requirements and how they were to live and worship when they got to the Promised Land and they did not understand fully what was going on. Their old pagan habits and disobedience had to be purged.

The Levites chose Yahweh, and they are turned loose in the camp to slay idolaters. They killed friends, and family members that worshiped the calf. This gets them the priesthood, as Yahweh is more important than even family. Christ said anyone that loved anything or anyone more than Him was not fit to enter the Kingdom of Yahweh.

 32:30  And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people (the ones that were left alive), Ye have sinned (missed the mark) a great sin (blasphemy): and now I will go up unto Yahweh; peradventure I shall make an atonement (propitiation) for your sin.

 32:31  And Moses returned unto Yahweh, and said, Oh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold.

Verses 30-31, sinned comes from chata, meaning to miss the mark, wander from The Way.

And a great 'sin', comes from chata'ah. Crime, offense.

 32:32  Yet now, if You wilt forgive their sin--; and if not, blot me, I pray You, out of Your book which You hast written.

'Sin' in verse 32 is from chatta'ah chatta'th, meaning condition of sin, or punishment for sin.

 32:33  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Whosoever hath sinned against Me, him will I blot out of My book.

Yahweh tells him only the sinners will be punished. Those that missed the mark or forfeited themselves by sinning this great sin.

 32:34  Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto you: behold, Mine Angel (Messenger) shall go before you: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin (offence) upon them.

This is a reference to the advent of Yahshua the Christ.

 32:35  And Yahweh plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.

Notice that Moses knew that Yahweh had a Book of Life.

Notice that when we miss the mark we are forfeiting our inheritance. Notice that those who should have known better, and missed the mark, were destroyed. This still applies today.  So much for 'once saved always saved', you can be blotted out!

 

 

Renewal of the Covenant

Moses sees Yahweh's glory

Exodus 33:1  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Depart, and go up hence, you and the people which you hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, Unto your seed will I give it:   (Gen 12:7, 26:3, 28:13)

More exclusivity. The 12 tribes of Jacob, who today are the white nations of the world. Not the Jews, who are descendants of Cain and Esau.

 33:2  And I will send an angel (messenger) before you; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite:

 33:3  Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of you; for you art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume you in the way.

 33:4  And when the people heard these evil tidings, they mourned: and no man did put on him his ornaments.

 33:5  For Yahweh had said unto Moses, Say unto the children of Israel, Ye are a stiffnecked people: I will come up into the midst of you in a moment, and consume you: therefore now put off your ornaments from you, that I may know what to do unto you.

Stiffnecked. Pagan habits are hard to break.

 33:6  And the children of Israel stripped themselves of their ornaments by the mount Horeb.

 33:7  And Moses took the tabernacle, and pitched it without the camp, afar off from the camp, and called it the Tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting). And it came to pass, that every one which sought Yahweh went out unto the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), which was without the camp.

 33:8  And it came to pass, when Moses went out unto the tabernacle, that all the people rose up, and stood every man at his tent door, and looked after Moses, until he was gone into the tabernacle.

 33:9  And it came to pass, as Moses entered into the tabernacle, the cloudy pillar descended, and stood at the door of the tabernacle, and Yahweh talked with Moses.

 33:10  And all the people saw the cloudy pillar stand at the tabernacle door: and all the people rose up and worshiped (bowed low), every man in his tent door.

 33:11  And Yahweh spake unto Moses face to face, as a man speaketh unto his friend. And he turned again into the camp: but his servant Joshua, the son of Nun, a young man, departed not out of the tabernacle (tent).

Not literally face to face, rather 'in the presence of'.

 33:12  And Moses said unto Yahweh, See, You sayest unto me, Bring up this people: and You hast not let me know whom You wilt send with me. Yet You hast said, I know You by name, and you hast also found grace (favor) in My sight.

 33:13  Now therefore, I pray You, if I have found grace (favor) in Your sight, shew me now Your way, that I may know You, that I may find grace (favor) in Your sight: and consider that this nation (H1471) is Your people.

 33:14  And He said, My presence shall go with you, and I will give you rest.

Isaiah 63:9  In all their affliction He was afflicted, and the angel of His presence saved them: in His love and in His pity He redeemed them; and He bare them, and carried them all the days of old.

 33:15  And he said unto Him, If Your presence go not with me, carry us not up hence.

 33:16  For wherein shall it be known here that I and Your people have found grace (favor) in Your sight? is it not in that You goest with us? so shall we be separated, I and Your people, from all the people that are upon the face of the earth.

 33:17  And Yahweh said unto Moses, I will do this thing also that you hast spoken: for you hast found grace (favor) in My sight, and I know you by name.

 33:18  And he (Moses) said, I beseech you, shew me Your glory.

 33:19  And He (Yahweh) said, I will make all My goodness pass before you, and I will proclaim the name of Yahweh before you; and will be gracious to whom I will be gracious, and will shew mercy (have compassion) on whom I will shew mercy (have compassion).

I AM. This is His name (YHWH). Yahweh. I will be whatever I will to be.

Romans 9:15  For He saith to Moses, I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy, and I will have compassion on whom I will have compassion.

 33:20  And He said, You canst not see My face: for there shall no man (H120 Adam) see Me, and live.

Showing that Moses did not literally see Yahweh's face, in verse 11.

 33:21  And Yahweh said, Behold, there is a place by Me, and you shalt stand upon a rock:

 33:22  And it shall come to pass, while My glory passeth by, that I will put you in a clift (crack, hole, crevice) of the rock, and will cover you with My hand while I pass by:

 33:23  And I will take away Mine hand, and you shalt see My back parts: but My face shall not be seen.

 

 

The second tables of stone

Exodus 34:1  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Hew you two tables of stone like unto the first: and I will write upon these tables the words that were in the first tables, which you brakest.

 34:2  And be ready in the morning, and come up in the morning unto mount Sinai, and present yourself there to Me in the top of the mount.

 34:3  And no man shall come up with you, neither let any man be seen throughout all the mount; neither let the flocks nor herds feed before that mount.

 34:4  And he hewed two tables of stone like unto the first; and Moses rose up early in the morning, and went up unto mount Sinai, as Yahweh had commanded him, and took in his hand the two tables of stone.

 34:5  And Yahweh descended in the cloud, and stood with him there, and proclaimed the name of Yahweh.

 34:6  And Yahweh passed by before him, and proclaimed, Yahweh, Yahweh God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth,

 34:7  Keeping mercy for thousands, forgiving iniquity and transgression and sin, and that will by no means clear the guilty; visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children, and upon the children's children, unto the third and to the fourth generation.

It takes up to four generations to purge out old pagan habits and conform to Yahweh's Way.

 34:8  And Moses made haste, and bowed his head toward the earth, and worshipped.

 34:9  And he said, If now I have found grace (favor) in Your sight, O Yahweh, let my Elohiym, I pray You, go among us; for it is a stiffnecked people; and pardon our iniquity and our sin, and take us for Your inheritance.

 34:10  And He said, Behold, I make a covenant: before all your people I will do marvels, such as have not been done in all the earth, nor in any nation: and all the people among which you art shall see the work of Yahweh: for it is a terrible (awesome) thing that I will do with you.

If Yahweh adds everybody else to our promises and covenants, then Yahweh breaks His own promises and covenants to us.

 34:11  Observe you that which I command you this day: behold, I drive out before you the Amorite, and the Canaanite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, and the Hivite, and the Jebusite.

 34:12  Take heed to yourself, lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land whither you goest, lest it be for a snare in the midst of you:

We are to remain holy (separate). We are not to make covenants with the other races.

 34:13  But you shall destroy their altars, break their images (pillars), and cut down their groves:

Groves here should be “images of Asherah”, wooden statues of Ashteroth (Ishtar), were we get Ishtar (Easter Sunday), which is a pagan holiday that worships the goddess of fertility and consort of Baal. So all Christians that celebrate Easter are really participating in pagan worship. Same with Christmas.

 34:14  For you shalt worship no other god: for Yahweh, whose name is Jealous, is a jealous God:

How could God be jealous if He is God of Everybody? Scripture clearly repeats that He is the God of Israel. The Jews are NOT Israel.

 34:15  Lest you make a covenant with the inhabitants of the land, and they go a whoring after their gods, and do sacrifice unto their gods, and one call you, and you eat of his sacrifice;

 34:16  And you take of their daughters unto your sons, and their daughters go a whoring after their gods, and make your sons go a whoring after their gods.   (Deut 7:3  1Ki 11:2  Ezra 9:2)

Because we (America) have allowed the other races in, we are no longer a white Christian nation. What about our society is Christian? Nothing! We have become a race mixed pagan whore nation.

 34:17  You shalt make you no molten gods.

 34:18  The feast of unleavened bread shalt you keep. Seven days you shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib you camest out from Egypt.

 34:19  All that openeth the matrix (womb) is Mine; and every firstling among your cattle, whether ox or sheep, that is male.

 34:20  But the firstling of an ass you shalt redeem with a lamb: and if you redeem him not, then shalt you break his neck. All the firstborn of your sons you shalt redeem. And none shall appear before Me empty (empty handed).

Instead of sacrificing an ass, which is a work animal and carries burdens, you can redeem him with a lamb.

 34:21  Six days you shalt work, but on the seventh day you shalt rest: in earing (early) time and in harvest you shalt rest.   (Lev 23:3  Deut 5:13-14)

 34:22  And you shalt observe the feast of weeks, of the firstfruits of wheat harvest, and the feast of ingathering at the year's end.   (Lev 23:15-21, 39-43  Num 28:26-31)

 34:23  Thrice in the year shall all your men children appear before Yahweh GOD, the God of Israel.

 34:24  For I will cast out the nations before you, and enlarge your borders: neither shall any man desire your land, when you shalt go up to appear before Yahweh your God thrice in the year.

Keep this memorial and we will not have enemies, nothing to fear. Yahweh will guard you.

 34:25  You shalt not offer the blood of My sacrifice with leaven; neither shall the sacrifice of the feast of the passover be left unto the morning.

 34:26  The first of the firstfruits of your land you shalt bring unto the house of Yahweh your God. You shalt not seethe a kid in his mother's milk.   (Deut 14:21, 26:2)

 34:27  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Write you these words: for after the tenor of these words I have made a covenant with you and with Israel.

Exclusive. The children of Jacob.

 34:28  And he was there with Yahweh forty days and forty nights; he did neither eat bread, nor drink water. And he wrote upon the tables the words of the covenant, the ten commandments.

The Hebrew says the Ten Words of YHWH.

 34:29  And it came to pass, when Moses came down from mount Sinai with the two tables of testimony in Moses' hand, when he came down from the mount, that Moses wist (knew) not that the skin of his face shone while he talked with Him.

Septuagint ends as “...Moses knew not that the appearance of the skin of his face was glorified, when Yahweh spoke to him.”

 34:30  And when Aaron and all the children of Israel saw Moses, behold, the skin of his face shone; and they were afraid to come nigh him.

 34:31  And Moses called unto them; and Aaron and all the rulers of the congregation returned unto him: and Moses talked with them.

 34:32  And afterward all the children of Israel came nigh: and he gave them in commandment all that Yahweh had spoken with him in mount Sinai.

 34:33  And till Moses had done speaking with them, he put a vail on his face.

 34:34  But when Moses went in before Yahweh to speak with Him, he took the vail off, until he came out. And he came out, and spake unto the children of Israel that which he was commanded.

 34:35  And the children of Israel saw the face of Moses, that the skin of Moses' face shone: and Moses put the vail upon his face again, until he went in to speak with Him.

2Corinthians 3:7-16

7  And if the service of death in letters, being engraven in stones, had been produced with honor so that the children of Israel could not stedfastly behold the face of Moses for the glory of his countenance; which glory was to be done away:

8  How shall not the service of the spirit be rather glorious (honorable)?

9  For if in the service of condemnation there is honor, much more does the service of righteousness exceed in glory (honor).

Death is the sentence of disobedience. Receive honor by righteousness.

10  And that which had not been honored was being honored in this respect, on account of that surpassing honor.

11  If that which is being left unemployed is in a state of honor, much more in honor is that which remains.

The sacrificial rituals were done away with, later on when Christ died.

12  Therefore having such expectations, we use great plainness of speech:

13  And not as Moses, which put a vail over his face, that the children of Israel could not stedfastly look to the end of that which is abolished:

This is an allegory. The OT law left a magnificent reflection on Moses' face, yet the law of the Spirit is even more glorious.

14  But their minds were blinded: even to this day today remaineth the same vail remains in the reading of the old testament; which not being uncovered is left unemployed in Christ.

Christ was the fulfillment of the ritual laws. That is why they were done away with. To continue these ordinances would be to deny what Christ did.

15  Then until this day, when Moses is read, the vail of lies is upon their hearts.

Keep the law by nature, not the letter.

16  But when perhaps when you should turn to the Prince, the veil is taken away.

 

 

Sabbath regulations

Exodus 35:1  And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These are the words which Yahweh hath commanded, that you should do them.

 35:2  Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy (set apart) day, a sabbath of rest to Yahweh: whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death.   (Lev 23:3  Deut 5:12-14)

 35:3  Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.

 35:4  And Moses spake unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which Yahweh commanded, saying,

 35:5  Take you from among you an offering unto Yahweh: whosoever is of a willing heart, let him bring it, an offering of Yahweh; gold, and silver, and brass (bronze),

 35:6  And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

 35:7  And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins (tachash-unknown meaning), and shittim (Acacia) wood,

 35:8  And oil for the light, and spices for anointing oil, and for the sweet incense,

 35:9  And onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod, and for the breastplate.

 35:10  And every wise hearted among you shall come, and make all that Yahweh hath commanded;

 35:11  The tabernacle, his tent, and his covering, his taches (hooks), and his boards, his bars, his pillars, and his sockets (bases),

 35:12  The ark, and the staves thereof, with the mercy seat, and the vail of the covering,

 35:13  The table, and his staves (poles), and all his vessels, and the shewbread,

 35:14  The candlestick (lampstand) also for the light, and his furniture, and his lamps, with the oil for the light,

 35:15  And the incense altar, and his staves (poles), and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the door at the entering in of the tabernacle,

 35:16  The altar of burnt offering, with his brasen grate, his staves (poles), and all his vessels, the laver and his foot,

 35:17  The hangings of the court, his pillars, and their sockets (bases), and the hanging for the door of the court,

 35:18  The pins (tent pegs) of the tabernacle, and the pins (tent pegs) of the court, and their cords,

 35:19  The cloths of service, to do service in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest's office.

 35:20  And all the congregation of the children of Israel departed from the presence of Moses.

 35:21  And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought Yahweh's offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), and for all his service, and for the holy garments.

 35:22  And they came, both men and women, as many as were willing hearted, and brought bracelets, and earrings, and rings, and tablets, all jewels of gold: and every man that offered offered an offering (wave offering) of gold unto Yahweh.

 35:23  And every man, with whom was found blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair, and red skins of rams, and badgers' (tachash-meaning unknown) skins, brought them.

 35:24  Every one that did offer an offering of silver and brass (bronze) brought Yahweh' offering: and every man, with whom was found shittim (Acacia) wood for any work of the service, brought it.

 35:25  And all the women that were wise hearted did spin with their hands, and brought that which they had spun, both of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine linen.

 35:26  And all the women whose heart stirred them up in wisdom spun goats' hair.

 35:27  And the rulers brought onyx stones, and stones to be set, for the ephod, and for the breastplate;

 35:28  And spice, and oil for the light, and for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense.

 35:29  The children of Israel brought a willing offering unto Yahweh, every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring for all manner of work, which Yahweh had commanded to be made by the hand of Moses.

 35:30  And Moses said unto the children of Israel, See, Yahweh hath called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah;

 35:31  And He hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship;

 35:32  And to devise curious works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass (bronze),

 35:33  And in the cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of wood, to make any manner of cunning work.

 35:34  And He hath put in his heart (mind) that he may teach, both he, and Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan.

 35:35  Them hath He filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the cunning (artistic) workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of them that do any work, and of those that devise cunning (skilled) work.

 

 

Work on the tabernacle

Exodus 36:1  Then wrought Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whom Yahweh put wisdom and understanding to know how to work all manner of work for the service of the sanctuary, according to all that Yahweh had commanded.

 36:2  And Moses called Bezaleel and Aholiab, and every wise hearted man, in whose heart (mind) Yahweh had put wisdom, even every one whose heart stirred him up to come unto the work to do it:

 36:3  And they received of Moses all the offering, which the children of Israel had brought for the work of the service of the sanctuary, to make it withal. And they brought yet unto him free offerings every morning.

 36:4  And all the wise men, that wrought all the work of the sanctuary, came every man from his work which they made;

 36:5  And they spake unto Moses, saying, The people bring much more than enough for the service of the work, which Yahweh commanded to make.   (2 Cor 8:2-3)

 36:6  And Moses gave commandment, and they caused it to be proclaimed throughout the camp, saying, Let neither man nor woman make any more work for the offering of the sanctuary. So the people were restrained from bringing.

 36:7  For the stuff they had was sufficient for all the work to make it, and too much.

 36:8  And every wise hearted man among them that wrought the work of the tabernacle made ten curtains of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet: with cherubims of cunning work made he them.

 36:9  The length of one curtain was twenty and eight cubits (53'6”), and the breadth of one curtain four cubits (7'6”): the curtains were all of one size.

 36:10  And he coupled the five curtains one unto another: and the other five curtains he coupled one unto another.

 36:11  And he made loops of blue on the edge of one curtain from the selvedge in the coupling: likewise he made in the uttermost side of another curtain, in the coupling of the second.

 36:12  Fifty loops made he in one curtain, and fifty loops made he in the edge of the curtain which was in the coupling of the second: the loops held one curtain to another.

 36:13  And he made fifty taches (hooks) of gold, and coupled the curtains one unto another with the taches (hooks): so it became one tabernacle.

 36:14  And he made curtains of goats' hair for the tent over the tabernacle: eleven curtains he made them.

 36:15  The length of one curtain was thirty cubits (57'6”), and four cubits (7'6”) was the breadth of one curtain: the eleven curtains were of one size.

 36:16  And he coupled five curtains by themselves, and six curtains by themselves.

 36:17  And he made fifty loops upon the uttermost edge of the curtain in the coupling, and fifty loops made he upon the edge of the curtain which coupleth the second.

 36:18  And he made fifty taches (hooks) of brass (bronze) to couple the tent together, that it might be one.

 36:19  And he made a covering for the tent of rams' skins dyed red, and a covering of badgers' (tachash-unknown meaning) skins above that.

 36:20  And he made boards for the tabernacle of shittim (Acacia) wood, standing up.

 36:21  The length of a board was ten cubits (19'), and the breadth of a board one cubit and a half (34 1/2”).

 36:22  One board had two tenons, equally distant one from another: thus did he make for all the boards of the tabernacle.

 36:23  And he made boards for the tabernacle; twenty boards for the south side southward:

 36:24  And forty sockets (bases) of silver he made under the twenty boards; two sockets (bases) under one board for his two tenons, and two sockets (bases) under another board for his two tenons.

 36:25  And for the other side of the tabernacle, which is toward the north corner, he made twenty boards,

 36:26  And their forty sockets (bases) of silver; two sockets (bases) under one board, and two sockets (bases) under another board.

 36:27  And for the sides of the tabernacle westward he made six boards.

 36:28  And two boards made he for the corners of the tabernacle in the two sides.

 36:29  And they were coupled beneath, and coupled together at the head thereof, to one ring: thus he did to both of them in both the corners.

 36:30  And there were eight boards; and their sockets (bases) were sixteen sockets (bases) of silver, under every board two sockets (bases).

 36:31  And he made bars of shittim (Acacia) wood; five for the boards of the one side of the tabernacle,

 36:32  And five bars for the boards of the other side of the tabernacle, and five bars for the boards of the tabernacle for the sides westward.

 36:33  And he made the middle bar to shoot through the boards from the one end to the other.

 36:34  And he overlaid the boards with gold, and made their rings of gold to be places for the bars, and overlaid the bars with gold.

 36:35  And he made a vail of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: with cherubims made he it of cunning work.

 36:36  And he made thereunto four pillars of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlaid them with gold: their hooks were of gold; and he cast for them four sockets (bases) of silver.

 36:37  And he made an hanging for the tabernacle door of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen, of needlework;

 36:38  And the five pillars of it with their hooks: and he overlaid their chapiters and their fillets with gold: but their five sockets (bases) were of brass (bronze).

 

 

Construction of the Ark

Exodus 37:1  And Bezaleel made the ark of shittim (Acacia) wood: two cubits and a half (4'9”) was the length of it, and a cubit and a half (34 1/2”) the breadth of it, and a cubit and a half the height of it:

 37:2  And he overlaid it with pure gold within and without, and made a crown of gold to it round about.

 37:3  And he cast for it four rings of gold, to be set by the four corners of it; even two rings upon the one side of it, and two rings upon the other side of it.

 37:4  And he made staves of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlaid them with gold.

 37:5  And he put the staves into the rings by the sides of the ark, to bear the ark.

 37:6  And he made the mercy seat (lid) of pure gold: two cubits and a half (4'9”) was the length thereof, and one cubit and a half (34 1/2”) the breadth thereof.

 37:7  And he made two cherubims of gold, beaten out of one piece made he them, on the two ends of the mercy seat (lid);

 37:8  One cherub on the end on this side, and another cherub on the other end on that side: out of the mercy seat made he the cherubims on the two ends thereof.

 37:9  And the cherubims spread out their wings on high, and covered with their wings over the mercy seat (lid), with their faces one to another; even to the mercy (lid) seatward were the faces of the cherubims.

 37:10  And he made the table of shittim (Acacia) wood: two cubits (3'9”) was the length thereof, and a cubit (23) the breadth thereof, and a cubit and a half (34 1/2”) the height thereof:

 37:11  And he overlaid it with pure gold, and made thereunto a crown of gold round about.

 37:12  Also he made thereunto a border of an handbreadth round about; and made a crown of gold for the border thereof round about.

 37:13  And he cast for it four rings of gold, and put the rings upon the four corners that were in the four feet thereof.

 37:14  Over against the border were the rings, the places for the staves (poles) to bear the table.

 37:15  And he made the staves (poles) of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlaid them with gold, to bear the table.

 37:16  And he made the vessels which were upon the table, his dishes, and his spoons, and his bowls, and his covers to cover withal, of pure gold.

 37:17  And he made the candlestick (lampstand) of pure gold: of beaten work made he the candlestick (lampstand); his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same:

 37:18  And six branches going out of the sides thereof; three branches of the candlestick (lampstand) out of the one side thereof, and three branches of the candlestick (lampstand) out of the other side thereof:

 37:19  Three bowls made after the fashion of almonds in one branch, a knop and a flower; and three bowls made like almonds in another branch, a knop and a flower: so throughout the six branches going out of the candlestick (lampstand).

 37:20  And in the candlestick (lampstand) were four bowls made like almonds, his knops, and his flowers:

 37:21  And a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, and a knop under two branches of the same, according to the six branches going out of it.

 37:22  Their knops and their branches were of the same: all of it was one beaten work of pure gold.

 37:23  And he made his seven lamps, and his snuffers, and his snuffdishes, of pure gold.

 37:24  Of a talent of pure gold made he it, and all the vessels thereof.

 37:25  And he made the incense altar of shittim (Acacia) wood: the length of it was a cubit (23”), and the breadth of it a cubit; it was foursquare; and two cubits (3'9”) was the height of it; the horns thereof were of the same.

 37:26  And he overlaid it with pure gold, both the top of it, and the sides thereof round about, and the horns of it: also he made unto it a crown of gold round about.

 37:27  And he made two rings of gold for it under the crown thereof, by the two corners of it, upon the two sides thereof, to be places for the staves (poles) to bear it withal.

 37:28  And he made the staves (poles) of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlaid them with gold.

 37:29  And he made the holy anointing oil, and the pure incense of sweet spices, according to the work of the apothecary (blender, mixer).

 

 

The altar of incense

Exodus 38:1  And he made the altar of burnt offering of shittim (Acacia) wood: five cubits (9'6”) was the length thereof, and five cubits (9'6”) the breadth thereof; it was foursquare; and three cubits (5'9”) the height thereof.

 38:2  And he made the horns thereof on the four corners of it; the horns thereof were of the same: and he overlaid it with brass (bronze).

 38:3  And he made all the vessels of the altar, the pots, and the shovels, and the basons, and the fleshhooks, and the firepans: all the vessels thereof made he of brass (bronze).

 38:4  And he made for the altar a brasen grate of network under the compass thereof beneath unto the midst of it.

 38:5  And he cast four rings for the four ends of the grate of brass (bronze), to be places for the staves (poles).

 38:6  And he made the staves (poles) of shittim (Acacia) wood, and overlaid them with brass (bronze).

 38:7  And he put the staves (poles) into the rings on the sides of the altar, to bear it withal; he made the altar hollow with boards.

 38:8  And he made the laver of brass (bronze), and the foot of it of brass (bronze), of the lookingglasses (mirrors of polished bronze) of the women assembling, which assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting).

 38:9  And he made the court: on the south side southward the hangings of the court were of fine twined linen, an hundred cubits (191'6”):

 38:10  Their pillars were twenty, and their brasen sockets (bases) twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver.

 38:11  And for the north side the hangings were an hundred cubits (191'6”), their pillars were twenty, and their sockets (bases) of brass (bronze) twenty; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.

 38:12  And for the west side were hangings of fifty cubits (95'10”), their pillars ten, and their sockets (bases) ten; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver.

 38:13  And for the east side eastward fifty cubits (95'10”).

 38:14  The hangings of the one side of the gate were fifteen cubits (28'9”); their pillars three, and their sockets (bases) three.

 38:15  And for the other side of the court gate, on this hand and that hand, were hangings of fifteen cubits (28'9”); their pillars three, and their sockets (bases) three.

 38:16  All the hangings of the court round about were of fine twined linen.

 38:17  And the sockets (bases) for the pillars were of brass (bronze); the hooks of the pillars and their fillets of silver; and the overlaying of their chapiters of silver; and all the pillars of the court were filleted with silver.

 38:18  And the hanging for the gate of the court was needlework, of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen: and twenty cubits (38'4”) was the length, and the height in the breadth was five cubits (9'6”), answerable to the hangings of the court.

 38:19  And their pillars were four, and their sockets (bases) of brass (bronze) four; their hooks of silver, and the overlaying of their chapiters and their fillets of silver.

 38:20  And all the pins (tent pegs) of the tabernacle, and of the court round about, were of brass (bronze).

 38:21  This is the sum of the tabernacle, even of the tabernacle of testimony, as it was counted, according to the commandment of Moses, for the service of the Levites, by the hand of Ithamar, son to Aaron the priest.   (Num 1:50,53)

 38:22  And Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that Yahweh commanded Moses.

 38:23  And with him was Aholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver, and a cunning (artistic) workman, and an embroiderer in blue, and in purple, and in scarlet, and fine linen.

 38:24  All the gold that was occupied for the work in all the work of the holy place, even the gold of the offering, was twenty and nine talents, and seven hundred and thirty shekels, after the shekel of the sanctuary.

 38:25  And the silver of them that were numbered of the congregation was an hundred talents, and a thousand seven hundred and threescore and fifteen shekels (1775), after the shekel of the sanctuary:

 38:26  A bekah for every man, that is, half a shekel, after the shekel of the sanctuary, for every one that went to be numbered, from twenty years old and upward, for six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty men (603,550).

 38:27  And of the hundred talents of silver were cast the sockets (bases) of the sanctuary, and the sockets (bases) of the vail; an hundred sockets (bases) of the hundred talents, a talent for a socket (base).

 38:28  And of the thousand seven hundred seventy and five shekels he made hooks for the pillars, and overlaid their chapiters, and filleted them.

 38:29  And the brass (bronze) of the offering was seventy talents, and two thousand and four hundred shekels.

 38:30  And therewith he made the sockets to the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), and the brasen altar, and the brasen grate for it, and all the vessels of the altar,

 38:31  And the sockets (bases) of the court round about, and the sockets (bases) of the court gate, and all the pins (tent pegs) of the tabernacle, and all the pins (tent pegs) of the court round about.

 

 

Priestly garments

The tabernacle finished

Many of the words used for the precious stones were opinions/guesses of the translators. The Hebrew word will be shown where the precious stone is not known.

Exodus 39:1  And of the blue, and purple, and scarlet, they made cloths of service, to do service in the holy place, and made the holy garments for Aaron; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 39:2  And he made the ephod of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

 39:3  And they did beat the gold into thin plates, and cut it into wires, to work it in the blue, and in the purple, and in the scarlet, and in the fine linen, with cunning (artistic) work.

 39:4  They made shoulderpieces for it, to couple it together: by the two edges was it coupled together.

 39:5  And the curious (embroidered) girdle of his ephod, that was upon it, was of the same, according to the work thereof; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 39:6  And they wrought onyx (shoham-unknown) stones inclosed in ouches (settings) of gold, graven, as signets are graven, with the names of the children of Israel.

 39:7  And he put them on the shoulders of the ephod, that they should be stones for a memorial to the children of Israel; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 39:8  And he made the breastplate of cunning (artistic) work, like the work of the ephod; of gold, blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine twined linen.

 39:9  It was foursquare; they made the breastplate double: a span was the length thereof, and a span the breadth thereof, being doubled.

 39:10  And they set in it four rows of stones: the first row was a sardius (odem-unknown meaning), a topaz (pitdah-unknown), and a carbuncle (bareqath-unknown): this was the first row.

 39:11  And the second row, an emerald (nophek-unknown), a sapphire, and a diamond (yahalom-unknown).

 39:12  And the third row, a ligure (leshem-unknown), an agate (shebu-unkown), and an amethyst (achlamah-unkown).

 39:13  And the fourth row, a beryl (tarshiysh-unkown), an onyx (shoham-unkown), and a jasper (yashpheh-unkown): they were inclosed in ouches (settings) of gold in their inclosings.

 39:14  And the stones were according to the names of the children of Israel, twelve, according to their names, like the engravings of a signet, every one with his name, according to the twelve tribes.

 39:15  And they made upon the breastplate chains at the ends, of wreathen (twisted) work of pure gold.

 39:16  And they made two ouches (settings) of gold, and two gold rings; and put the two rings in the two ends of the breastplate.

 39:17  And they put the two wreathen (twisted) chains of gold in the two rings on the ends of the breastplate.

 39:18  And the two ends of the two wreathen (twisted) chains they fastened in the two ouches (settings), and put them on the shoulderpieces of the ephod, before it.

 39:19  And they made two rings of gold, and put them on the two ends of the breastplate, upon the border of it, which was on the side of the ephod inward.

 39:20  And they made two other golden rings, and put them on the two sides of the ephod underneath, toward the forepart of it, over against the other coupling thereof, above the curious (embroidered) girdle of the ephod.

 39:21  And they did bind the breastplate by his rings unto the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, that it might be above the curious (embroidered) girdle of the ephod, and that the breastplate might not be loosed from the ephod; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 39:22  And he made the robe of the ephod of woven work, all of blue.

 39:23  And there was an hole in the midst of the robe, as the hole of an habergeon (collar), with a band round about the hole, that it should not rend.

 39:24  And they made upon the hems of the robe pomegranates of blue, and purple, and scarlet, and twined linen.

 39:25  And they made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates upon the hem of the robe, round about between the pomegranates;

 39:26  A bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate, round about the hem of the robe to minister in; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 39:27  And they made coats of fine linen of woven work for Aaron, and for his sons,

 39:28  And a mitre of fine linen, and goodly bonnets of fine linen, and linen breeches of fine twined linen,

 39:29  And a girdle of fine twined linen, and blue, and purple, and scarlet, of needlework; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 39:30  And they made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote upon it a writing, like to the engravings of a signet, HOLINESS TO YAHWEH.

Holiness to Yahweh means dedication to Yahweh. He set us apart from everyone else, we must set Him apart from all other gods and man made denominations (all of them).

 39:31  And they tied unto it a lace of blue, to fasten it on high upon the mitre; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 39:32  Thus was all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting) finished: and the children of Israel did according to all that Yahweh commanded Moses, so did they.

 39:33  And they brought the tabernacle unto Moses, the tent, and all his furniture, his taches (hooks), his boards, his bars, and his pillars, and his sockets (bases),

 39:34  And the covering of rams' skins dyed red, and the covering of badgers' (tachash-unknown) skins, and the vail of the covering,

 39:35  The ark of the testimony, and the staves (poles) thereof, and the mercy seat (lid),

 39:36  The table, and all the vessels thereof, and the shewbread,

 39:37  The pure candlestick (lampstand-menorah), with the lamps thereof, even with the lamps to be set in order, and all the vessels thereof, and the oil for light,

 39:38  And the golden altar, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the tabernacle door,

 39:39  The brasen (bronze) altar, and his grate of brass (bronze), his staves (poles), and all his vessels, the laver and his foot,

 39:40  The hangings of the court, his pillars, and his sockets (bases), and the hanging for the court gate, his cords, and his pins (tent pins), and all the vessels of the service of the tabernacle, for the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting),

 39:41  The cloths of service to do service in the holy place, and the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and his sons' garments, to minister in the priest's office.

 39:42  According to all that Yahweh commanded Moses, so the children of Israel made all the work.

 39:43  And Moses did look upon all the work, and, behold, they had done it as Yahweh had commanded, even so had they done it: and Moses blessed them.

 

 

The Tabernacle

The glory of Yahweh

All the construction of the tabernacle (tent of meeting), it's vessels and utensils, the Ark, the altars, tapestry, and priestly garments was complete and now Yahweh instructs them on setting it up.

The tabernacle (tent of meeting) was the mobile temple during the wandering in the wilderness. The temple was build during Solomon's reign. Now, we (sons of Jacob) are the temple.

Exodus 40:1  And Yahweh spake unto Moses, saying,

 40:2  On the first day of the first month shalt you set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting).

 40:3  And you shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the vail.

 40:4  And you shalt bring in the table, and set in order the things that are to be set in order upon it; and you shalt bring in the candlestick (lampstand-menorah), and light the lamps thereof.

 40:5  And you shalt set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the testimony, and put the hanging of the door to the tabernacle.

 40:6  And you shalt set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting).

 40:7  And you shalt set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and shalt put water therein.

 40:8  And you shalt set up the court round about, and hang up the hanging at the court gate.

 40:9  And you shalt take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle, and all that is therein, and shalt hallow it, and all the vessels thereof: and it shall be holy.

 40:10  And you shalt anoint the altar of the burnt offering, and all his vessels, and sanctify the altar: and it shall be an altar most holy.

 40:11  And you shalt anoint the laver and his foot (base), and sanctify it.

 40:12  And you shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), and wash them with water.   (Lev 8:1-13)

 40:13  And you shalt put upon Aaron the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he may minister unto Me in the priest's office.

 40:14  And you shalt bring his sons, and clothe them with coats:

 40:15  And you shalt anoint them, as you didst anoint their father, that they may minister unto Me in the priest's office: for their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.

The Hebrew word is olam, meaning a long duration. Not forever. The Levitical priesthood and rituals expired when Christ died and became our High Priest.

 40:16  Thus did Moses: according to all that Yahweh commanded him, so did he.

 40:17  And it came to pass in the first month in the second year (from Egypt), on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up.

 40:18  And Moses reared up the tabernacle, and fastened his sockets (bases), and set up the boards thereof, and put in the bars thereof, and reared up his pillars.

 40:19  And he spread abroad the tent over the tabernacle, and put the covering of the tent above upon it; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 40:20  And he took and put the testimony into the ark, and set the staves (poles) on the ark, and put the mercy seat (lid) above upon the ark:

 40:21  And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the testimony; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 40:22  And he put the table in the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting), upon the side of the tabernacle northward, without (outside) the vail.

 40:23  And he set the bread in order upon it before Yahweh; as Yahweh had commanded Moses.

 40:24  And he put the candlestick (lampstand-menorah) in the tent of the congregation, over against the table, on the side of the tabernacle southward.

 40:25  And he lighted the lamps before Yahweh; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 40:26  And he put the golden altar in the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting) before the vail:

 40:27  And he burnt sweet incense thereon; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 40:28  And he set up the hanging at the door of the tabernacle.

 40:29  And he put the altar of burnt offering by the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting), and offered upon it the burnt offering and the meat offering; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 40:30  And he set the laver between the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting) and the altar, and put water there, to wash withal.

 40:31  And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet thereat:

 40:32  When they went into the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting), and when they came near unto the altar, they washed; as Yahweh commanded Moses.

 40:33  And he reared up the court round about the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the hanging of the court gate. So Moses finished the work.   (Jasher 82:35)

Note that they did all this “as Yahweh commanded”.

John 14:15  If ye love Me, keep My commandments.

 40:34  Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation (tent of meeting), and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle.

 40:35  And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of Yahweh filled the tabernacle.

Leviticus 16:2  And Yahweh said unto Moses, Speak unto Aaron thy brother, that he come not at all times into the holy place within the vail before the mercy seat, which is upon the ark; that he die not: for I will appear in the cloud upon the mercy seat.

Revelation 15:8  And the temple was filled with smoke from the glory of God, and from His power; and no man was able to enter into the temple, till the seven plagues of the seven angels were fulfilled.

 40:36  And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys:

Numbers 9:17  And when the cloud was taken up from the tabernacle, then after that the children of Israel journeyed: and in the place where the cloud abode, there the children of Israel pitched their tents.

10:11  And it came to pass on the twentieth day of the second month, in the second year, that the cloud was taken up from off the tabernacle of the testimony.

 40:37  But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up.

 40:38  For the cloud of Yahweh was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.

 

 

 

EXODUS– CHURCH DOCTRINE VS. SCRIPTURE

 

Below are 3 sources of what the modern churches preach today about the book of Exodus.

The purpose is to expose the apostasy and perversion of the scriptures, and to educate our people about the truth of our heritage. That we, the anglo-saxon race who are the descendants of ancient Israel, are the people of Abraham's seed and therefore the heirs of the promises of Yahweh. Not the Jews who distort and pervert the scriptures and teach the 'traditions of men'.

 

Biblehub.com

The book of Exodus consists mainly of two genres, Narrative History and Laws. It was written by Moses about 1450-1410 B.C. The key personalities include Moses, Miriam, Pharaoh, Pharaoh’s daughter, Aaron, and Joshua. It was written to record the events of Israel’s deliverance from slavery in Egypt. It describes the events to the reader in chronological order and also lists the Laws that God has given to the Israelites, in order to guide them in their relationship with Him.

• Chapters 1-7 of Exodus, introduce Moses and the Israelites in bondage in Egypt. This setting is approximately 400 years after Joseph and his families were living in Goshen at the end of Genesis. 430 years from the call of Abraham to the Exodus. God protects baby Moses and spares his life, as Moses is adopted by Pharaoh’s daughter and is raised as an Egyptian. God calls Moses with a special revelation, through a burning bush to release His people from slavery in Egypt. Moses obeys and with his brother Aaron, confronts Pharaoh to let God’s people go free, but Pharaoh ignores the warning.

• In Chapters 7-13, Moses through the power of God releases 10 plagues of different sorts on the land of Egypt which included, turning all the water to blood, plagues of insects, boils, and hail. Finally, the death of every first-born son, this included the death of Pharaoh’s eldest who would someday inherit the kingdom of Egypt. However, the Israelites obeyed God and followed the ordinance of the Passover and God spared them.

• Chapters 14-18 describe the Exodus or “Exit” from Egypt. Pharaoh can no longer endure the plagues that God poured on Egypt and himself and allows them to leave. Moses and the Israelites escape making it to the Red Sea (Sea of Reeds). Shortly after, Pharaoh changes his mind and pursues them, but God destroys his army with the sea.

• Chapters 19-24, Moses presents all of the Laws to all the people at Mt. Sinai as God has commanded.

• From chapters 25-40, Moses gives the Israelites the tabernacle, priest and worship instructions.

 

 

Biblestudytools.com

Title

"Exodus" is a Latin word derived from Greek Exodos, the name given to the book by those who translated it into Greek. The word means "exit," "departure" (see Lk 9:31; Heb 11:22). The name was retained by the Latin Vulgate, by the author Philo (a contemporary of Christ) and by the Syriac version. In Hebrew the book is named after its first two words, we'elleh shemoth ("These are the names of"). The same phrase occurs in Ge 46:8, where it likewise introduces a list of the names of those Israelites "who went to Egypt with Jacob" (1:1). Thus Exodus was not intended to exist separately, but was thought of as a continuation of a narrative that began in Genesis and was completed in Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. The first five books of the Bible are together known as the Pentateuch.

Author and Date of Writing

Several statements in Exodus indicate that Moses wrote certain sections of the book (see 17:14; 24:4; 34:27). In addition, Jos 8:31 refers to the command of Ex 20:25 as having been "written in the Book of the Law of Moses." The NT also claims Mosaic authorship for various passages in Exodus (Mk 7:10; 12:26; see also Lk 2:22-23). Taken together, these references strongly suggest that Moses was largely responsible for writing the book of

Chronology

According to 1Ki 6:1, the exodus took place 480 years before "the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel." Since that year was c. 966 b.c., it has been traditionally held that the exodus occurred c. 1446. The "three hundred years" of Jdg 11:26 fits comfortably within this time span. In addition, although Egyptian chronology relating to the 18th dynasty remains somewhat uncertain, some recent research tends to support the traditional view that two of this dynasty's pharaohs, Thutmose III and his son Amunhotep II, were the pharaohs of the oppression and the exodus respectively (2:15,23; 3:10).

On the other hand, the appearance of the name Rameses in 1:11 has led many to the conclusion that the 19th-dynasty pharaoh Seti I and his son Rameses II were the pharaohs of the oppression and the exodus respectively. Furthermore, archaeological evidence of the destruction of numerous Canaanite cities in the 13th century b.c. has been interpreted as proof that Joshua's troops invaded the promised land in that century. These and similar lines of argument lead to a date for the exodus of c. 1290.

The identity of the cities' attackers, however, cannot be positively ascertained. The raids may have been initiated by later Israelite armies, or by Philistines or other outsiders. In addition, the archaeological evidence itself has become increasingly ambiguous, and recent evaluations have tended to redate some of it to the 18th dynasty. Also, the name Rameses in 1:11 could very well be the result of an editorial updating by someone who lived centuries after Moses -- a procedure that probably accounts for the appearance of the same word in Ge 47:11.

In short, there are no compelling reasons to modify in any substantial way the traditional 1446 b.c. date for the exodus of the Israelites from Egyptian bondage.

The Route of the Exodus

At least three routes of escape from Pithom and Rameses (1:11) have been proposed: (1) a northern route through the land of the Philistines (13:17); (2) a middle route leading eastward across Sinai to Beersheba; and (3) a southern route along the west coast of Sinai to the southeastern extremities of the peninsula. The southern route seems most likely, since several of the sites in Israel's desert itinerary have been tentatively identified along it. The exact place where Israel crossed the "Red Sea" (Sea of Reeds) is uncertain, however (13:18; 14:2).

Themes and Theology

Exodus lays a foundational theology in which God reveals his name, his attributes, his redemption, his law and how he is to be worshiped. It also reports the appointment and work of Moses as the mediator of the Sinaitic covenant, describes the beginnings of the priesthood in Israel, defines the role of the prophet and relates how the ancient covenant relationship between God and his people (Ge 17:2) came under a new administration (the covenant given at Mount Sinai).

Profound insights into the nature of God are found in chs. 3; 6; 33-34. The focus of these texts is on the fact and importance of his presence with his people (as signified by his name Yahweh -- see notes on 3:14-15 -- and by his glory among them). Nice, this commentator backs up God's true name, Yahweh. But emphasis is also placed on his attributes of justice, truthfulness, mercy, faithfulness and holiness. Thus to know God's "name" is to know him and to know his character (3:13-15; 6:3).

God is also the Lord of history. Neither the affliction of Israel nor the plagues in Egypt were outside his control. The pharaoh, the Egyptians and all Israel saw the power of God. There was no one like him, "majestic in holiness, awesome in glory, working wonders" (15:11;).

It is reassuring to know that God remembers and is concerned about his people (2:24). What he had promised centuries earlier to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob he now begins to bring to fruition as Israel is freed from Egyptian bondage and sets out for the land of promise. The covenant at Sinai is but another step in God's fulfillment of his promise to the patriarchs (3:15-17; 6:2-8; 19:3-8).

The Biblical message of salvation is likewise powerfully set forth in this book. The verb "redeem" is used, e.g., in 6:6; 15:13. But the heart of redemption theology is best seen in the Passover narrative of ch. 12, the sealing of the covenant in ch. 24, and the account of God's gracious renewal of that covenant after Israel's blatant unfaithfulness to it in their worship of the golden calf (34:1-14). The apostle Paul viewed the death of the Passover lamb as fulfilled in Christ (1Co 5:7). Indeed, John the Baptist called Jesus the "Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world" (Jn 1:29). This sins of Adamic society, or the 'world' of the race of Adam.

The foundation of Biblical ethics and morality is laid out first in the gracious character of God as revealed in the exodus itself and then in the Ten Commandments (20:1-17) and the ordinances of the Book of the Covenant (20:22 -- 23:33), which taught Israel how to apply in a practical way the principles of the commandments.

The book concludes with an elaborate discussion of the theology of worship. Though costly in time, effort and monetary value, the tabernacle, in meaning and function, points to the "chief end of man," namely, "to glorify God and to enjoy him forever" (Westminster Shorter Catechism). By means of the tabernacle, the omnipotent, unchanging and transcendent God of the universe came to "dwell" or "tabernacle" with his people, thereby revealing his gracious nearness as well. God is not only mighty in Israel's behalf; he is also present in the nation's midst.

However, these theological elements do not merely sit side by side in the Exodus narrative. They receive their fullest and richest significance from the fact that they are embedded in the account of God's raising up his servant Moses (1) to liberate his people from Egyptian bondage, (2) to inaugurate his earthly kingdom among them by bringing them into a special national covenant with him, and (3) to erect within Israel God's royal tent. And this account of redemption from bondage leading to consecration in covenant and the pitching of God's royal tent in the earth, all through the ministry of a chosen mediator, discloses God's purpose in history -- the purpose he would fulfill through Israel, and ultimately through Jesus Christ the supreme Mediator.

 

 

Insight.org

Who wrote the book?

As with Genesis, early Jewish traditions name Moses as the most likely and best qualified person to have authored Exodus. This is not Jewish tradition. The Jews are of Cain and Esau and are NOT Israelites. This is our (True Israel's) tradition and heritage. This theory is supported by a number of factors. Moses’s unique education in the royal courts of Egypt certainly provided him the opportunity and ability to pen these works (Acts 7:22). Internal evidence (material found within the text of Exodus itself ) adds support for Moses’s authorship. Many conversations, events, and geographical details could be known only by an eyewitness or participant. For example, the text reads: “Moses then wrote down everything the Lord had said,” (Exodus 24:4 NIV). Additionally, other biblical books refer to “the law of Moses” ( Joshua 1:7; 1 Kings 2:3), indicating that Exodus, which includes rules and regulations, was written by Moses. Jesus Himself introduced a quote from Exodus 20:12 and 21:17 with the words, “For Moses said” (Mark 7:10), confirming His own understanding of the book’s author.

The title “Exodus” comes from the Septuagint, which derived it from the primary event found in the book, the deliverance from slavery and “exodus” or departure of the Israelite nation out of Egypt by the hand of Yahweh, the God of their forefathers.

Where are we?

Exodus begins in the Egyptian region called Goshen. The people then traveled out of Egypt and, it is traditionally believed, moved toward the southern end of the Sinai Peninsula. They camped at Mount Sinai, where Moses received God’s commandments.

The book covers a period of approximately eighty years, from shortly before Moses’s birth (c. 1526 BC) to the events that occurred at Mount Sinai in 1446 BC.

Why is Exodus so important?

In Exodus we witness God beginning to fulfill His promises to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Though the children of Israel were enslaved in a foreign land, God miraculously and dramatically delivered them to freedom. He then established Israel as a theocratic nation under His covenant with Moses on Mount Sinai. The ten plagues, the Passover, the parting of the Red Sea (Sea of Reeds), the fearsome majesty of God’s presence at Mount Sinai, the giving of the Ten Commandments, the building of the tabernacle . . . these events from Exodus are foundational to the Jewish faith. The Jews have faith in Satan, their traditions of men, Judaism and the Talmud, including communism, deception and lies. The Bible is the book of the race of Adam. The Jews are the enemies of the race of Adam. This is the enmity of Gen 3:15. And they provide crucial background context to help future readers of Scripture understand the entire Bible’s message of redemption. The frequency of references to Exodus by various biblical writers, and even Jesus’s own words, testify to its importance. And Jesus himself scolds the Jews for their lies and deceit. Read John 8.

What's the big idea?

The overall theme of Exodus is redemption—how God delivered the Israelites and made them His special people. After He rescued them from slavery, God provided the Law, which gave instructions on how the people could be consecrated or made holy. Holy means set apart. He established a system of sacrifice, which guided them in appropriate worship behavior. Just as significantly, God provided detailed directions on the building of His tabernacle, or tent. He intended to live among the Israelites and manifest His shekinah glory (Exodus 40:34–35)—another proof that they were indeed His people.

The Mosaic Covenant, unveiled initially through the Decalogue (Ten Commandments), provides the foundation for the beliefs and practices of Judaism, from common eating practices to complex worship regulations. Through the Law, God says that all of life relates to God. Nothing is outside His jurisdiction. Judaism is NOT Christianity. Judaism is the distorted perversion of the laws of Moses by the Jews, who are NOT Israelites. They are Canaanites and Edomites. Judaism is the religion of Satan and his children, the Jews.

How do I apply this?

Like the Israelites who left Egypt, all believers in Christ are redeemed and consecrated to God. Under the Mosaic Covenant, people annually sacrificed unblemished animals according to specific regulations in order to have their sins covered, or borne, by that animal. The author of the New Testament book of Hebrews tells us, “But those sacrifices are an annual reminder of sins, because it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins” (Hebrews 10:3–4 NIV). Jesus’s sacrifice on the cross fulfilled the Law. As the perfect Lamb of God, He took away our sin permanently when He sacrificed Himself on our behalf. “We have been made holy through the sacrifice of the body of Jesus Christ once for all” (10:10 NIV).

Have you accepted His sacrifice on your behalf? Are you truly “redeemed”? Only Israel is redeemed. Only Israel was given the law, promises and covenants. Only Israel was set apart from all the people on the earth. The Bible is written by, to, for and about the race of Adam.