Written from Rome to Colossians by Tychicus and Onesimus.
Colossea was destroyed by earthquake in 60AD
Paul likely never visited the Colossians.
The Colossians were primarily Dorian Greeks, Israelites.
Colossae, the chief city of Phrygia in Asia Minor, not far form Laodicea and Hierapolis.
Apparently the people were not known personally to Paul. Epaphras, then a fellow prisoner with Paul, is credited with the honor of founding the assembly.
The original Greek will be referred to often.
Brethren, and other exclusive uses of kinship will be underlined to show that the scriptures are by, to, for and about the generations of Adam (Adamites) and more specifically the seed of Jacob who is the son of Isaac, who was offered and dedicated to Yahweh by Abraham.
'Saints' are defined as: sacred, holy, called out, separated, dedicated to Yahweh.
Even though Ishmael was Abraham's son too, it was Isaac who Yahweh chose. Only his children through Jacob/Israel are set apart, called, born 'saints'.
The “churches” teach that anybody (even any race) who “believes” becomes a 'saint'. Who will you believe, Yahweh or your preacher?
From the Greek:
By loving your brethren, you are storing your treasure or expectation in heaven. The fruit of brotherly love.
What is His will?
Here is an example of increasing in knowledge: Do you know the name of God? God is not a name, neither is Lord, it's a title. The name of our Father is Yahweh (YHWH in Hebrew). Try sending mail to 'man'. Impossible. You must use the name.
The context is still increasing in knowledge and understanding. The proof is in verses 21-22
'the Father' is in italics, which means it was added by the translators. Let's look at the Greek:
15-20 are equating that Christ is Yahweh come in the flesh, sent as His most beloved Son.
Christ is the head of the body, the body is the seed of Israel. The assembly of saints.
The “churches” teach that the “church” takes the place of Israel in the NT.
If you believe this, then you are not practicing Christianity. You are participating in Judaism.
Notice below the KJV used the word 'aliens' instead of the correct word 'alienated' in verse 21.
This is a deliberate deception to support the lie of the meaning of 'Gentiles'. Which does not mean non-Israelite. Gentile is a Latin word and only means a nation, race or people of the same stock.
Paul is saying stay grounded in the OT and settled in the gospel that has been circulating since the crucifixion. (Luke 1:1-4)
'Creature' should read 'creation'. Referring to the original, pure creations of Yahweh.
God created the horse, and the donkey, but He did not create the mule.
Paul considered the Adamic race of man to be one creation. He defines Adamic man in Romans 8:18-39. Tobit also is a witness.
Tobit 8:5-6, 15
Adamic man is the white, anglo-saxon races of Europe and America. The descendants of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. Of the tribes of Israel. The Anointed, called out, and separated from all other races.
Don't believe the lies that the Jews are God's people, maybe you will believe what Jesus said in many places, one being John 8:44.
Nobody can suffer on Christ's behalf. Paul suffered on behalf of the Anointed (group, seed of Isaac),
The word 'generations' comes from 'genos' which means races.
The mystery was 'who the Israelites were'. Because of the dispersion of the House of Israel (the 10 northern tribes), both houses (Israel and Judah) forgot or lost their heritage and kinship to each other.
Christ comes from 'christos', it means anointed. It does not always refer to Christ, but the children of Israel, the group.
Paul criticizes the 'commandments of men' (doctrines of men, traditions of the elders)
Neither the Colossians or the Laodiceans ever met Paul.
Verse 2 and 3 in the Greek reads:
Paul is telling us to be certain that we understand who we are. We are the Anointed seed of Yahweh, descendants of Abraham. The houses of Israel and Judah were the Anointed seed of Abraham through Isaac, who was the very man dedicated to Yahweh. The Jews are teaching our “churches” to teach you that they are God's people. Paul warns of deceit.
Thanks for backing me up Paul.
Do verses 5 and 6 say anything about “just believe”?
Paul was spoiled (captivated), brought up by the sect of the Pharisees.
Paul knows he was on the wrong side before his conversion on the road to Damascus.
Paul was very good at persecuting Christians and was blinded by the doctrine of Judaism.
Do not walk in the corrupt ways of the flesh, but in the righteousness of Christ.
Buried with him in baptism, or immersion of death. We all are appointed to die. But if you die in allegiance (faith), you will be raised also. Baptism here is not referring to water.
The dispersed Nations of Israel stopped the circumcision of the flesh when they left and/or were took captive from the Promised Land. Because they lost or forgot their Heritage
Let's analyze verses 14 and 15.
First, no translations say anything about the law being “done away with”. The “churches” teach that the law was “done away with”.
The context here is about the ordinances and 'added' decrees by the religion of the Jews, which is Judaism.
The scribes, Pharisees and Sadducees took the law of Moses and perverted it into 'the traditions of the elders', which is Judaism. Today it is called the Talmud. This is the Jews Bible.
The Pharisees taught that it was against their law to do good on the Sabbath. That if a brother or even an ox were to fall in a ditch on a Sabbath, you, by their 'traditions' could not help them out.
What was Christ constantly rebuked for by these Edomite Priests? Healing on the Sabbath and that His disciples didn't follow the 'traditions of the elders' and wash their hands before eating.
These are some of the 'added' charges, decrees, obligations, or bonds, of their religion. The dogmas added by men.
So Paul is saying that since Christ died on the cross, the rituals and Levitical ordinances were done away with. In addition, making the 'added' obligations of Judaism of none effect. Now they have no authority.
The “churches” like to use this verse to teach you to eat pork. It has nothing to do with eating what Yahweh deemed unclean. Pork is not food. Chinese people eat roaches and Blacks eat each other, shall we consider these things food?
Speaking of the deceit of the 'traditions of men'. The religious control through these decrees and oblations.
Verse 18 is quite different in the original recording:
Don't worship angels, or the saints. (Catholics!)
Don't listen to these rules and regulations of men. These decrees of Judaism.
Your going to listen to men and not Yahweh?
Paul warns us 4 times in this chapter to beware of the 'doctrines of men'.
The Christian Life
Seek righteousness. This can only be done by following the law, following His example.
Dead to this world, or society.
The children of Israel are the 'children of disobedience'.
The apostate, lost Israelite man, the old man who walked corruptly.
Shed your “church” knowledge and renew your Spirit knowledge. These corrections and restorations of scripture are presented to show how opposite the teachings of the “churches” are compared to what scripture says. O brethren of Israel, I pray your eyes are opening.
The last part should read: 'but altogether and in all ways Anointed.'
Who are the 'elect'? The “believers”? No. Who was dedicated on the alter to Yahweh? The seed of Abraham. Isaac. The Anointed, called out, set apart, holy and sanctified children of Israel.
If you just follow the commandment of 'love your brethren', then you are walking in righteousness. Instead of trying to follow all the commandments, just obey the great commandment of loving your brethren.
Neighbor- the Greek word is 'plesion'. It means countrymen, brother, kin, someone near to you.
It does not mean neighbors of other races. If we were following Yahweh's law, we wouldn't be living among the other races. For He demands we be separate. Remember when America was founded by the white, anglo-saxon Nations of the tribes of Israel? Now look at us.
The “churches” don't even know the name of God, and the teaching that Jesus is a Jew is of the highest blasphemy. Christ calls the Edomite Pharisees children of the Devil and the lusts of their father they do. (John 8:44). He wasn't name calling, He was stating a fact.
The promises of inheritance were given only to Israel, the seed of Abraham.
The reason we must study the scriptures is because simple mistakes and sneaky deception can steer us away from the truth. Unless the KJV translators were not very schooled in Greek language, verse 24 is a deliberate deception. If you 'receive a reward', the reward was not something you already had beforehand. You did something to receive a reward, in this case, heaven. This supports the 'doctrines of men' teaching of you being “Gentiles”. That if you “just believe” and “accept Him” then you are “saved”. But if you listen to what Paul has been warning us about, the original Greek tells a much different scenario.
The Greek word for the KJV translation of the word receive is describing something that you once had. There are other Greek words for receive, but the correct word has to do with something that was disjoined and through righteousness can be rejoined.
to receive (specifically in full); also to take aside: - receive, take.
When a child is disobedient, what happens? The father takes aside the child and punishment is given. Observe, using the Greek definitions.
A primary particle; “off”, that is, away (from something near), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively): - (X here-) after, ago, at, because of, before, by (the space of), for (-th), from, in, (out) of, off, (up-) on (-ce), since, with. In composition (as a prefix) it usually denotes separation, departure, cessation, completion, reversal, etc.
This is describing something that once was whole and now is separated.
Here is an illustration using the definition:
A primary particle; “off”, (CAST OFF, EXILED, PUT AWAY IN PUNISHMENT) that is, away (from something near) (WHEN WE OBEY, YAHWEH IS NEAR), in various senses (of place, time, or relation; literally or figuratively)(OUR RELATION WITH YAHWEH) :
YHWH is going to punish Israel for disobedience.
Solomon fornicated with non-Israelite women, YHWH split Israel into the 2 houses.
A prolonged form of a primary verb, which is used only as an alternate in certain tenses; to take (in very many applications, literally and figuratively [probably objective or active, to get hold of; whereas G1209 is rather subjective or passive, to have offered to one; while G138 is more violent, to seize or remove]) (Yahweh removed, or divorced us) : - accept, + be amazed, assay, attain, bring, X when I call, catch, come on (X unto), + forget (we forgot Him, so He will forget us. Psm 9:17, 50:22, Jer 23:39, Hos 4:6), have, hold, obtain, receive (X after), take (away, up).
Apolambano in a nutshell means recovering what was lost. In obedience, we are returned to our rightful place. Rejoined to our inheritance, by Yahweh's promise to Abraham, in the Kingdom. The other races do not apply because this is all about the seed (race) of Abraham.
Reward in Greek:
requital (properly the act): - reward.
Requital means return, compensation, reciprocal action.
to requite (good or evil): - recompense, render, repay.
Recompense means, to make return of anything given.
This would be our inheritance. Our free gift of favor (grace) that was given to Abraham and his seed. God does not go back on His promises.
Receive here in verse 25 is a different Greek word, komizo (G2865) which means, receive by implication. That being punishment as a result of doing wrong.
The “churches” teach that 'respect of persons' is talking about God not caring about race.
Yahweh demands we be separate. What God does not care about is a persons status in society (world). You are no different if you are rich or poor. Hold high office or no office. James defines this in James chapter 2. See also Lev 19:15, Deut 1:17, Job 34:19, Is 11:3-4
Christ isn't a mystery. The people are a mystery. They (we) forgot who they (we) were (are). Hence Paul in prison for bringing the truth to them.
COLOSSIANS – CHURCH DOCTRINE VS. SCRIPTURE
Below are 3 sources of what the modern churches preach today about the book of Colossians.
The purpose is to expose the apostasy and perversion of the scriptures, and to educate our people about the truth of our heritage. That we, the anglo-saxon race who are the descendants of ancient Israel, are the people of Abraham's seed and therefore the heirs of the promises of Yahweh. Not the Jews who distort and pervert the scriptures and teach the 'traditions of men'.
The book of Colossians is a Prison Epistle (letter written while in prison). Paul wrote it circa 60-62 A.D. The key personalities include Paul, Timothy, Tychicus, Onesimus, Aristarchus, Mark, and Epaphras. It was written to counter and respond to heretical teachings and encourage believers (saints) to serve with fervor and passion.
A “believer” does not become a saint. A saint, by scripture, is a set apart, called out, holy and anointed seed of Abraham. The Israelites then are the same Israelites now, the anglo-saxon race of Europe and America.
The basic problem was a Judaic-Gnostic heresy that sought to mix Greek philosophy with Christian theology. Gnostic philosophy taught that matter was evil. In order to avoid having their pure god create evil, they had created a system of lesser deities that overflowed from their god. These lesser gods were far enough removed from the pure god that they were able to create the universe (which was composed of evil matter).
They named this lesser deity the Jehovah God of the Hebrews.
Though this is paganism, and joining different religions is paganism, the problem was the Edomite Pharisees and their Judaism, or 'traditions of men'. Adhering to the rituals and oblations of their law. Paul was teaching that the rituals were done away with, and as a result, also nullifying the decrees and oblations of men.
• In chapters 1-2, Paul sends words of thanks to the faithful believers (saints) “who are at Colosse”. Paul did not establish the Colossian Church (assembly) and had never visited there. He teaches one of the most powerful passages attributing the divinity of Jesus Christ who is God in flesh. It is apparent that false teachers were spreading heresy by rejecting the deity of Jesus Christ, probably teaching that He was just a “unique man”. Paul warns not to allow anyone to lead them astray with Philosophy, trickery, or by traditions of men. Paul then assured the church (assembly) that Jesus is God, “in Him all the fullness of Deity dwells in bodily form” (2:9), and that He, “reconciled all things unto Himself’ (1:20), and He did it by, “having nailed it to the cross” (2:14) referring to our sins. Because Jesus Christ is God, He reconciled the 2 Houses (Judah and Israel), who are the circumcision (Judaeans) and the uncircumcision (dispersed Nations) .Both Israelites. The ordinances and sacrificial rituals were nailed to the cross, along with the “handwriting” of the 'tradition of men'.
He was able to pay the penalty of sin in order to rescue mankind.
He could pay because he was sinless, otherwise someone would have to die for Him. Hence, our example.
The “churches” teach that Christ died for mankind. The scriptures teach that Christ came only unto the lost sheep of the House of Israel. The seed of Abraham.
• In chapters 3-4, Paul encourages the church (assembly) to focus on God, and keep their eyes on the goal, “set your mind on the things above” (3:2). He teaches believers (saints) how to live at home, how to manage family matters, and how to get along with other believers (saints) in Christ. His approach is for believers (saints) to put aside the petty situations that become obstacles in our lives, ultimately slow us down, and prevent the spread of the Gospel. Paul then explains what it means to forgive, "just as the Lord forgave you, so also should you" (3:13). Paul declares, "Beyond all these things put on love, which is the perfect bond of unity. Let the peace of Christ rule in your hearts" (3:14-15)
Summary of the Book of Colossians.
That Colossians is a genuine letter of Paul (1:1) is usually not disputed. In the early church (assembly), all who speak on the subject of authorship ascribe it to Paul. In the 19th century, however, some thought that the heresy refuted in ch. 2 was second-century Gnosticism. But a careful analysis of ch. 2 shows that the heresy referred to there is noticeably less developed than the Gnosticism of leading Gnostic teachers of the second and third centuries. Also, the seeds of what later became the full-blown Gnosticism of the second century were present in the first century and already making inroads into the churches (assemblies). Consequently, it is not necessary to date Colossians in the second century at a time too late for Paul to have written the letter.
Instead, it is to be dated during Paul's first imprisonment in Rome, where he spent at least two years under house arrest (see Ac 28:16-31). Some have argued that Paul wrote Colossians from Ephesus or Caesarea, but most of the evidence favors Rome as the place where Paul penned all the Prison Letters (Ephesians, Colossians, Philippians and Philemon). Colossians should be dated c. a.d. 60, in the same year as Ephesians and Philemon.
Colosse: The Town and the Church
Several hundred years before Paul's day, Colosse had been a leading city in Asia Minor (present-day Turkey). It was located on the Lycus River and on the great east-west trade route leading from Ephesus on the Aegean Sea to the Euphrates River. By the first century a.d. Colosse was diminished to a second-rate market town, which had been surpassed long before in power and importance by the neighboring towns of Laodicea and Hierapolis (see 4:13).
What gave Colosse NT importance, however, was the fact that, during Paul's three-year ministry in Ephesus, Epaphras had been converted and had carried the gospel to Colosse. The young church (assembly) that resulted then became the target of heretical attack, which led to Epaphras's visit to Paul in Rome and ultimately to the penning of the Colossian letter.
Perhaps as a result of the efforts of Epaphras or other converts of Paul, Christian churches (assemblies) had also been established in Laodicea and Hierapolis. Some of them were house churches (assemblies) (see 4:15; Phm 2). Most likely all of them were primarily Gentile.
The Colossian Heresy
Paul never explicitly describes the false teaching he opposes in the Colossian letter. Paul explicitly describes the false teachings of Judaism by the Edomite scribes and Pharisees as the 'doctrines of men', and at least 4 times. The nature of the heresy must be inferred from statements he made in opposition to the false teachers. An analysis of his refutation suggests that the heresy was diverse in nature. Some of the elements of its teachings were:
Angel worship. See 2:18. Paganism.
Secret knowledge. The Gnostics boasted of this (see 2:18 and Paul's emphasis in 2:2-3 on Christ, "in whom are hidden all the treasures of wisdom"). The Pharisees boasted of their own control over the people through their 'traditions of men'. The hidden treasures are within the children of Israel, who forgot who they were, but with the knowledge of Christ is made known.
Reliance on human wisdom and tradition. See 2:4,8. More warning of the 'traditions of men'.
These elements seem to fall into two categories, Jewish and Gnostic. It is likely, therefore, that the Colossian heresy was a mixture of an extreme form of Judaism and an early stage of Gnosticism. Here, both are the same thing. Judaism and Gnosticism are opposite of Christianity.
Purpose and Theme
Paul's purpose is to refute the Colossian heresy. To accomplish this goal, he exalts Christ as the very image of God (1:15), the Creator (1:16), the preexistent sustainer of all things (1:17), the head of the church (assembly) (1:18), the first to be resurrected (1:18), the fullness of deity in bodily form (1:19; 2:9) and the reconciler (1:20-22). Thus Christ is completely adequate. We "have been given fullness in Christ" (2:10). On the other hand, the Colossian heresy was altogether inadequate. It was a hollow and deceptive philosophy (2:8), lacking any ability to restrain the old sinful nature (2:23).
The theme of Colossians is the complete adequacy of Christ as contrasted with the emptiness of mere human philosophy.
The theme of Colossians is the refutation of Judaism.
The “churches” claim they are Judeo-Christians. This is an oxymoron. Judaism is the opposite of Christianity.
The truth is that since the “churches” let Judaism into Christianity, no longer is it Christianity, but Judaism.
We are to follow the example Christ set, not turning to the left, nor the right. (Deut 5:32, 17:20, 28:14, Josh 1:17, 23:6, Prov 4:27)
Who wrote the book?
Before Paul wrote this letter to the Christians in Colossae, he had never been to their city (Colossians 2:1). This helps explain the personal greetings he included at the end of the letter, a practice he usually reserved for letters to churches (assemblies) he had not visited (for example, Romans). Paul sought to develop personal connections with the people he hoped to teach and serve, rather than just going around from city to city asserting his apostolic authority. The more personal tone at the close of this letter would have been especially significant in creating a connection with the Colossian believers (saints), given the fact that part of Paul’s reason for writing involved calling out the heretical teachers who had infiltrated the Colossian church (assembly).
Who were these heretical teachers that infiltrated the religious sects? The Edomite scribes, Sadducees and Pharisees. These sects were once the council of the elders and priests of Israel. When the children of Israel were in bondage in Babylon in the 500's BC, they were displaced from the land of Judah. The children of the wicked one inhabited the land in their place. When captivity was over, a remnant from the House of Judah (Judah, Benjamin, and Levi, also called the circumcision because they kept the laws of Yahweh) returned to Jerusalem. The books of Ezra and Nehemiah tell about cleansing the land of the Canaanites and Edomites. But those 'thorns' in our side were always there, infiltrating, corrupting, and manipulating. They eventually deceived our ancestors then and still do so now.
Where are we?
In AD 60–61, during his first imprisonment in Rome (this was likely his last imprisonment before being executed by Nero in 62), Paul penned this letter to the Colossian church (assembly) after he had received a report that they were struggling with a christological heresy. The report came from Epaphras, likely the leader of the church (assembly) at Colossae and a convert of Paul’s from his more than two-year ministry in Ephesus. Epaphras had come to Rome in part to serve Paul during his imprisonment (Philemon 1:23) but also to confide in him regarding the dangerous teachings the Colossians were hearing (Judaism, 'tradition of the elders'). So Paul sent this letter, along with the letters to Philemon and to the Ephesians, with Tychicus, accompanied by Onesimus (Colossians 4:7; Philemon 1:10–12). Tychicus was a coworker of Paul who would have been able to help the Colossian believers (saints) understand and apply the apostle’s teachings in the letter.
Why is Colossians so important?
The church (assembly) at Colossae was under attack from false teachers (Judaizers) who were denigrating the deity of Jesus; they were teaching that He was not actually God. Though Paul had never been to the church (assembly) itself, he addressed these issues head-on. The nature of Jesus Christ as Creator and Redeemer was nonnegotiable, so Paul wrote to them that he might bring his wisdom to bear on this difficult and trying situation. It was critical to him that this church (assembly) know God in His greatness and glory, rather than in the deficient view given them by the false teachers (Colossians 1:25; 2:1–2).
What's the big idea?
In this book, the apostle Paul described Jesus with some of the loftiest language in all the New Testament, focusing on Christ’s preeminence and sufficiency in all things. Paul presented Christ as the center of the universe, not only as the active Creator but also as the recipient of creation—in His taking on of human flesh. Christ was and is the visible image of the invisible God, containing within Himself the fullness of Deity (Colossians 2:9). Because of His divine nature, Jesus is sovereign, above all things with an authority given Him by the Father. As such, Jesus is also Head over the church (assembly)(“Church” is not a word used in original scripture, a building with people in it is not what is meant here, or anywhere where it says “church”. The Greek word is 'ecclessia'. It means, a called out group, (Abraham's seed), a meeting or congregation of members (saints)(again, Abraham's seed). Each Israelite is a called out body, whether singularly or as a group. We are the temple of Yahweh. Wherever you go, you are a “church”. The word “church” never implies a building.
How do I apply this?
Your view of Jesus Christ will impact every area of your life. Many today want only practical instruction and helps for living, eschewing “esoteric” topics such as doctrine and theology because they seem to be out of touch with their day-to-day reality. Paul’s view was different. He saw that the christological problems in the Colossian church (assembly) had practical importance as well. Believers (saints) have died with Christ; therefore, we need to die to our sins. We have also been raised with Christ; therefore, we must live well in Him and put on qualities that are motivated by Christian love. And because He is Lord (Prince) over all, the life of the Christian is a life of submission to Jesus. (Not a Jewish Jesus) Are you following after Jesus as you should? (Imitating His example) Our faith (allegiance) in Jesus Christ should transform the relationships we have in every area of our lives—in our homes, our churches (assemblies), and our world (society).
The City Of Colosse
Colosse was a city of southwestern Phrygia in the Roman province of Asia (Asia Minor) in what is now Turkey. The city was situated on the Lycus River not far from where that river joined with the Meander River. Colosse was located about 125 miles east of Ephesus near the cities of Hierapolis and Laodicea. These two cities were 10 and 13 miles respectively northwest of Colosse, which was the oldest of the three cities. Originally Colosse lay on the trade route from west to east. This location made it an important city. But then the main road was changed and moved north near Hierapolis and Laodicea. These two cities then grew in importance and surpassed Colosse in wealth and prestige. Colosse declined to a relatively small, unimportant village. It retained its fame for its wool and its municipal independence under the Romans.
The Church Of Colosse
Mission work in Colosse was done by a man named Epaphras. Paul called him his “dear fellow servant.” Epaphras had probably gone to Ephesus where he heard the gospel of Jesus from Paul. Afterwards he returned to his home in Colosse to start a congregation there. He likely did so under Paul's guidance. The church (assembly) of Colosse appears to have consisted of mostly Gentile (dispersed Nations of Israel) converts. Philemon was one of its members, to whom Paul wrote the letter we know now as the Book of Philemon.
The letter to the Colossians, like the letter to the Romans, was a letter addressed to a congregation (hey, why not the word “church” here?) which Paul had not established himself. Most of the members were unknown to Paul, as it appears from Colossians 2:1 in which he wrote: “I want you to know how great a struggle I am having for your sake, and for those in Laodicea and for all who have not seen me personally.” Yet Paul enjoyed a close connection with the church (assembly) in Colosse, which was located in the same Roman province of Asia in which Ephesus was the capital and where Paul had labored for more than two years. People from that entire area came to hear Paul, no doubt from Colosse as well. Furthermore, those who worked with Paul as well as those who were converted by Paul's preaching carried the gospel of Jesus to the entire area, for Acts 19:10 states: “Now this happened for two years, with the result that all who lived in Asia heard the word of the Lord (Prince), both Jews (not Jews, Judaeans) and Greeks.”
The Recipients Of The Letter To The Colossians
The holy and faithful brothers in Christ at Colosse, Colossians 1:2
The Date Of The Letter To The Colossians
About 60 to 61 A.D.
The Occasion For The Writing Of The Letter To The Colossians
Epaphras, leader of the church (assembly) in Colosse in Asia Minor (Colossians 4:12), came to Paul in Rome with good news and bad news about the church (assembly) of Colosse. The good news was the gospel had born fruit among the Colossians (Colossians 1:6), who were continuing in the faith (Colossians 1:4) in Christ and in love for their fellow believers (saints, brethren). The bad news was the Colossians were being troubled by a new teaching (Judaism) that was contrary to the gospel which Epaphras had been preaching to them. The new teaching (Judaism, 'traditions of men') claimed a profound knowledge apart from Christ (Colossians 2:8), an emphasis on following prescribed rituals (Colossians 2:16), the worship of angels (Colossians 2:18), and ascetic self-abasement (Colossians 2:18 & 20-23). The new teaching which included the worship of angels indicates that it invoked spiritual powers rather than calling on Christ in whom the fullness of God dwelt in bodily form (Colossians 2:9).
The new false teaching (Judaism) in effect denied the total sufficiency of Christ for salvation and the completeness of Christ's atonement. The details of the new false teaching are difficult to describe, because Paul did not write about them point by point. (He only explicitly warned us in chapter 2 about 4 times) Rather, Paul overwhelmed the false teaching and smothered it with the full and complete riches of Christ, his person and his redemptive work--the Christ who is the true God, the Creator and Sustainer of the universe, the Savior and God/Man who reconciled by his blood the sinners of the world (Christ did not come for every race in the world, He came only for the lost sheep of the House of Israel, his kin, the saints, the called out seed of Abraham through Isaac and Jacob) to God, and who is the power of the believers' (saint's) faith. In Christ is found the real knowledge, fullness, and completeness. Thus Paul asserted that Christians have no need for human philosophy and wisdom to be complete. They are complete in Christ, in whom they have the divine wisdom of his gospel and the perfect, complete salvation.
To deal with the new false teaching (Judaism), Paul wrote his letter to the Colossians. Paul then dispatched his co-worker Tychicus to carry his letter to the church (assembly) of Colosse (Colossians 4:7,8). Paul's letter was a circular letter to be shared with the other churches (assemblies) in the area, particularly nearby Laodicea (Colossians 4:16).
When Paul dispatched his letter to the Colossians, he sent the slave Onesimus with Tychicus back to his master Philemon, who was a member of the church (assembly) of Colosse. This may explain why Paul wrote a longer section on the slave/master relationship than on the other human relationships, and why Paul emphasized his readers should forgive one another as God forgave them in Christ.
Theme Of The Letter To The Colossians
“You have been made complete in him (Christ),” Colossians 2:10
Beware the 'traditions of men', Judaism.