Events recorded in scripture by named month.
A History of the Months
The original Roman year had 10 named months Martius "March", Aprilis "April", Maius "May", Junius "June", Quintilis "July", Sextilis "August", September "September", October "October", November "November", December "December", and probably two unnamed months in the dead of winter when not much happened in agriculture. The year began with Martius "March". Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome circa 700 BC, added the two months Januarius "January" and Februarius "February". He also moved the beginning of the year from Marius to Januarius and changed the number of days in several months to be odd, a lucky number. After Februarius there was occasionally an additional month of Intercalaris "intercalendar". This is the origin of the leap-year day being in February. In 46 BC, Julius Caesar reformed the Roman calendar (hence the Julian calendar) changing the number of days in many months and removing Intercalaris.
March -- Mars' month
Martius has always had 31 days.
March was the original beginning of the year, and the time for the resumption of war.
Mars is the Roman god of war. He is identified with the Greek god Ares.
1 ABIB corresponding to March-April
From an unused root (meaning to be tender); green, that is a young ear of grain; hence the name of the month Abib or Nisan
The Exodus begins and the Feast Days are declared and to be instituted upon entry to the Promised Land.
Day 14 Passover (High Sabbath)
Days 15-21 Feast of Unleavened Bread (Days 15 and 21 High Sabbaths)
Day 16 Wave Sheaf (Countdown to Pentecost 50 days)
The Exodus begins
Exodus 12:1 And Yahweh spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying,
12:2 This month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you.
The first month is Abib, which starts the day after the Spring Equinox which is March 20 or 21.
12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, you shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even.
Unleavened bread was significant, as it symbolized the haste in which Israel fled Egypt, with no time to prepare bread with leaven.
Exodus 13:3 And Moses said unto the people, Remember this day, in which you came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand Yahweh brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten.
13:4 This day came you out in the month Abib.
Abib, the first month. The greening month, spring.
The children of Israel were indeed tender and green. They had become accustomed to the pagan gods of Egypt.
Exodus 23:15 You shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (you shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded you, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it you camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before Me empty:)
Exodus 34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt you keep. Seven days you shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded you, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib you camest out from Egypt.
Leviticus 23:5 In the fourteenth day of the first month at even is Yahweh's passover.
Passover. Fourteen days after the spring equinox.
Exodus 12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to Yahweh throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever.
23:6 And on the fifteenth day of the same month is the feast of unleavened bread unto Yahweh: seven days you must eat unleavened bread.
Feast of Unleavened Bread. No leaven products for seven days after the Passover.
Numbers 9:1 And Yahweh spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying,
9:2 Let the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season (time).
9:3 In the fourteenth day of this month, at even, you shall keep it in his appointed season (time): according to all the rites (ordinances) of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, shall you keep it.
9:4 And Moses spake unto the children of Israel, that they should keep the passover.
9:5 And they kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month at even in the wilderness of Sinai: according to all that Yahweh commanded Moses, so did the children of Israel.
Numbers 28:16 And in the fourteenth day of the first month is the passover of Yahweh.
28:17 And in the fifteenth day of this month is the feast: seven days shall unleavened bread be eaten.
We do not do the things in verses 18-24 anymore because Christ fulfilled them. The priesthood expired and Christ is now our High Priest and mediator. We must now make spiritual sacrifices, which is done by obedience and allegiance, and by participating in the heritage of our ancestors.
Numbers 33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand (boldly) in the sight of all the Egyptians.
Exodus 13:4 This day came ye out in the month Abib.
Deuteronomy 16:1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto Yahweh your God: for in the month of Abib Yahweh your God brought you forth out of Egypt by night.
Abib is in the end of March beginning of April of the modern calendar. The first day of Abib is the first day after the Spring Equinox, which is usually on March 20-21.
16:2 You shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto Yahweh your God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which Yahweh shall choose to place His name there.
16:3 You shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt you eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for you camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that you mayest remember the day when you camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of your life.
We are still to keep this feast. Just not the sacrifices of animals, Christ fulfilled that part.
David and his mighty men defeat the the hated enemies of the cursed seed.
1Chronicles 12:15 These are they that went over Jordan in the first month, when it had overflown all his banks; and they put to flight all them of the valleys, both toward the east, and toward the west.
Observing the Passover
2Chronicles 35:1 Moreover Josiah kept a passover unto Yahweh in Jerusalem: and they killed the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month.
2Kings 23:21 And the king commanded all the people, saying, Keep the passover unto Yahweh your God, as it is written in the book of this covenant.
Ezra 6:19 And the children of the captivity kept the passover upon the fourteenth day of the first month.
Esther 3:7 In the first month, that is, the month Nisan (Abib), in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus (Artaxerxes), they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar.
3:8 And Haman said unto king Ahasuerus (Artaxerxes), There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of thy kingdom; and their laws are diverse from all people; neither keep they the king's laws: therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them.
These certain dispersed people are Israelites. When the Assyrians rose to power, they were part of Yahweh's punishment upon disobedient Israel. The Israelites were taken captive and relocated throughout the coast lands. These are the scattered “lost sheep”.
Haman was an Edomite Jew that tried to get Artaxerxes to kill all the Israelites.
3:9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed: and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those that have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries.
3:10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it unto Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Judahites' enemy.
Haman was a descendant of Agag, of the Amalekites. A Canaanite/Edomite Jew.
Ezekiel 45:21 In the first month, in the fourteenth day of the month, ye shall have the passover, a feast of seven days; unleavened bread shall be eaten.
April -- Aphrodite's month
Aprilis had 30 days, until Numa when it had 29 days, until Julius when it became 30 days long.
Aphrodite is the Greek goddess of love and beauty. She is identified with the Roman goddess Venus.
The building of the first Temple begins.
Day 23 Day of Simon. Memorial feast commemorating defeat of the enemy.
2 ZIV name of the 2nd month of the year, corresponding to April-May.
Ziv = “brightness”
Probably from an unused root meaning to be prominent; properly brightness (compare H2111 A primitive root; properly to shake off, that is, (figuratively) to agitate (as with fear): - move, tremble, vex.), that is, (figuratively) the month of flowers; Ziv
Numbers 1:1 And Yahweh spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation (tent of meeting), on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying,
1:18 And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers (forefathers, ancestors), according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls (heads).
Numbers 9:10 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If any man of you or of your posterity shall be unclean by reason of a dead body, or be in a journey afar off, yet he shall keep the passover unto Yahweh.
9:11 The fourteenth day of the second month at even they shall keep it, and eat it with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. (2Chr 30:2,15)
9:12 They shall leave none of it unto the morning, nor break any bone of it: according to all the ordinances of the passover they shall keep it.
Makeup passover. A second chance in the second month for those that were unclean (from war, sickness, or other) and couldn't observe the Passover in the first month.
1Kings 6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon's reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of Yahweh.
2Chronicles 3:1 Then Solomon began to build the house of Yahweh at Jerusalem in mount Moriah, where Yahweh appeared unto David his father, in the place that David had prepared in the threshingfloor of Ornan the Jebusite.
Day of Simon (The high priest, governor and leader of the Judahites)
1Maccabees 13:51 And entered into it the three and twentieth day of the second month in the hundred seventy and first year, with thanksgiving, and branches of palm trees, and with harps, and cymbals, and with viols, and hymns, and songs: because there was destroyed a great enemy out of Israel.
13:52 He ordained also that that day should be kept every year with gladness. Moreover the hill of the temple that was by the tower he made stronger than it was, and there he dwelt himself with his company.
The Day of Simon is a Judahite feast of remembrance of the destruction of the enemies of Israel that sought to destroy them.
May -- Maia's month
Maius has always had 31 days.
Maia (meaning "the great one") is the Italic goddess of spring, the daughter of Faunus (Atlas), and wife of Vulcan. Mother of Hermes.
3 SIVAN the 3rd month corresponding to May-June.
Sivan = “their covering”
The month of the giving of the Torah.
Esther's courage saves her Israelite kinsman from Haman's plan of genocide.
Soldier Sabbath (91st Day) follows last day of Sivan.