2Samuel

SAMUEL 2

The Second book of the Kings

 

The word Jew is not used once. Because the Jews are not Israel. The Jews are of Cain and Esau.

 

The second book of Samuel continues the story of the reign of David. For the first seven years, it was a partial rulership over the 'house of Judah' only, for ten of the tribes refused to acknowledge him and followed Saul's son, and there was long civil war in the land.

 

This book throws much light on the character of King David.

King David was the same man with whom Yahweh made one of the most wonderful of all the great Covenants of the Bible, in which He promised David that his throne and royal line should continue for ever.

If we believe in the promises of the Father and Son, we are led naturally to inquire if there is in the world at our own day and time a 'throne' and a 'seed' who can trace their lineage and title back to King David. It is the Royal House of Great Britain, whose monarchs:

Are crowned and anointed in the same ritual, seated on the stone of Jacob of which we read in Genesis and Deuteronomy.

Are hailed with the same cry 'God save the King' which hailed Saul, the first King of Israel.

Can trace their enduring dynasty back into the past.

Queen Elizabeth II is the reigning descendant of David. She is a white woman. She is NOT a Jew. The Jews are NOT Israel. They are descendants of Cain and of Esau.

 

 

2Samuel 1:1  Now it came to pass after the death of Saul, when David was returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites, and David had abode two days in Ziklag;

1Samuel 30:17,26

17  And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled.

26  And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil unto the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of Yahweh;

 1:2  It came even to pass on the third day, that, behold, a man came out of the camp from Saul with his clothes rent, and earth (soil) upon his head: and so it was, when he came to David, that he fell to the earth, and did obeisance.

 1:3  And David said unto him, From whence comest you? And he said unto him, Out of the camp of Israel am I escaped.

 1:4  And David said unto him, How went the matter? I pray you, tell me. And he answered, That the people are fled from the battle, and many of the people also are fallen and dead; and Saul and Jonathan his son are dead also.

 1:5  And David said unto the young man that told him, How knowest you that Saul and Jonathan his son be dead?

 1:6  And the young man that told him said, As I happened by chance upon mount Gilboa, behold, Saul leaned upon his spear; and, lo, the chariots and horsemen followed hard after him.

1Samuel 31:1  Now the Philistines fought against Israel: and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines, and fell down slain in mount Gilboa.

 1:7  And when he looked behind him, he saw me, and called unto me. And I answered, Here am I.

 1:8  And he said unto me, Who art you? And I answered him, I am an Amalekite.

 1:9  He said unto me again, Stand, I pray you, upon me, and slay me: for anguish is come upon me, because my life is yet whole in me.

 1:10  So I stood upon him, and slew him, because I was sure that he could not live after that he was fallen: and I took the crown that was upon his head, and the bracelet that was on his arm, and have brought them hither unto my lord.

 1:11  Then David took hold on his clothes, and rent them; and likewise all the men that were with him:

 1:12  And they mourned, and wept, and fasted until even, for Saul, and for Jonathan his son, and for the people of Yahweh, and for the house of Israel; because they were fallen by the sword.

 1:13  And David said unto the young man that told him, Whence art you? And he answered, I am the son of a stranger (resident alien), an Amalekite.

 1:14  And David said unto him, How wast you not afraid to stretch forth your hand to destroy Yahweh's anointed?

 1:15  And David called one of the young men, and said, Go near, and fall upon him. And he smote him that he died.

 1:16  And David said unto him, Thy blood be upon your head; for your mouth hath testified against you, saying, I have slain Yahweh's anointed.

 1:17  And David lamented with this lamentation over Saul and over Jonathan his son:

 1:18  (Also he bade them teach the children of Judah the use of the bow: behold, it is written in the book of Jasher.)

Jasher 56:8-9

8  And Jacob said unto Judah, I know my son that you art a mighty man for your brethren; reign over them, and your sons shall reign over their sons forever.

9  Only teach your sons the bow and all the weapons of war, in order that they may fight the battles of their brother who will rule over his enemies.

 

Today's “churches” reject the other books of scripture, such as Jasher, Enoch, Jubilees, the Apocrypha and others. But what do you expect, they also reject scripture because today's “churches” follow Judeo-Christianity, which is the opposite of scripture.

 1:19  The beauty of Israel is slain upon your high places: how are the mighty fallen!

 1:20  Tell it not in Gath, publish it not in the streets of Askelon; lest the daughters of the Philistines rejoice, lest the daughters of the uncircumcised (possessors of foreskin) triumph.

1Samuel 31:9  And they cut off his (Saul's) head, and stripped off his armour, and sent into the land of the Philistines round about, to publish it in the house of their idols, and among the people.

 1:21  Ye mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain, upon you, nor fields of offerings: for there the shield of the mighty is vilely cast away (rejected), the shield of Saul, as though he had not been anointed with oil.

 1:22  From the blood of the slain, from the fat of the mighty, the bow of Jonathan turned not back, and the sword of Saul returned not empty (in vain).

 1:23  Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in their lives, and in their death they were not divided: they were swifter than eagles, they were stronger than lions.

 1:24  Ye daughters of Israel, weep over Saul, who clothed you in scarlet, with other delights, who put on ornaments of gold upon your apparel.

 1:25  How are the mighty fallen in the midst of the battle! O Jonathan, you wast slain in your high places.

 1:26  I am distressed for you, my brother Jonathan: very pleasant hast you been unto me: your love to me was wonderful, passing (beyond) the love of women.   (1 Sam 18:1,3  19:2  20:17,41)

 1:27  How are the mighty fallen, and the weapons of war perished!

 

 

Israel and Judah at war

2Samuel 2:1  And it came to pass after this, that David enquired of Yahweh, saying, Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And Yahweh said unto him, Go up. And David said, Whither shall I go up? And He said, Unto Hebron.

 2:2  So David went up thither, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail Nabal's wife the Carmelite.

 2:3  And his men that were with him did David bring up, every man with his household: and they dwelt in the cities of Hebron.

 2:4  And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul.

 2:5  And David sent messengers unto the men of Jabeshgilead, and said unto them, Blessed be ye of Yahweh, that ye have shewed this kindness unto your lord, even unto Saul, and have buried him.

 2:6  And now Yahweh shew kindness and truth unto you: and I also will requite you this kindness, because ye have done this thing.

 2:7  Therefore now let your hands be strengthened, and be ye valiant: for your master Saul is dead, and also the house of Judah have anointed me king over them.

 2:8  But Abner the son of Ner (Saul's uncle), captain of Saul's host, took Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and brought him over to Mahanaim;

 2:9  And made him king over Gilead, and over the Ashurites, and over Jezreel, and over Ephraim, and over Benjamin, and over all Israel.

 2:10  Ishbosheth Saul's son was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel, and reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.

 2:11  And the time that David was king in Hebron over the house of Judah was seven years and six months.

 2:12  And Abner the son of Ner, and the servants of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon.

 2:13  And Joab the son of Zeruiah, and the servants of David, went out, and met together by the pool of Gibeon: and they sat down, the one on the one side of the pool, and the other on the other side of the pool.

 2:14  And Abner said to Joab, Let the young men now arise, and play (have a military contest) before us. And Joab said, Let them arise.

 2:15  Then there arose and went over by number twelve of Benjamin, which pertained to Ishbosheth the son of Saul, and twelve of the servants of David.

 2:16  And they caught every one his fellow by the head, and thrust his sword in his fellow's side; so they fell down together: wherefore that place was called Helkathhazzurim (field of the swords), which is in Gibeon.

 2:17  And there was a very sore battle that day; and Abner was beaten, and the men of Israel, before the servants of David.

 2:18  And there were three sons of Zeruiah there, Joab, and Abishai, and Asahel: and Asahel was as light of foot as a wild roe.

 2:19  And Asahel pursued after Abner; and in going he turned not to the right hand nor to the left from following Abner.

 2:20  Then Abner looked behind him, and said, Art you Asahel? And he answered, I am.

 2:21  And Abner said to him, Turn you aside to your right hand or to your left, and lay you hold on one of the young men, and take you his armour. But Asahel would not turn aside from following of him.

 2:22  And Abner said again to Asahel, Turn you aside from following me: wherefore should I smite you to the ground? how then should I hold up my face to Joab your brother?

 2:23  Howbeit he refused to turn aside: wherefore Abner with the hinder end of the spear smote him under the fifth rib, that the spear came out behind him; and he fell down there, and died in the same place: and it came to pass, that as many as came to the place where Asahel fell down and died stood still.

He chose not to put his armor on. Abner did not want to kill him.

 2:24  Joab also and Abishai pursued after Abner: and the sun went down when they were come to the hill of Ammah, that lieth before Giah by the way of the wilderness of Gibeon.

 2:25  And the children of Benjamin gathered themselves together after Abner, and became one troop, and stood on the top of an hill.

 2:26  Then Abner called to Joab, and said, Shall the sword devour for ever? knowest you not that it will be bitterness in the latter end? how long shall it be then, ere you bid the people return from following their brethren?

 2:27  And Joab said, As God liveth, unless you hadst spoken, surely then in the morning the people had gone up every one from following his brother.

 2:28  So Joab blew a trumpet, and all the people stood still, and pursued after Israel no more, neither fought they any more.

 2:29  And Abner and his men walked all that night through the plain, and passed over Jordan, and went through all Bithron, and they came to Mahanaim.

 2:30  And Joab returned from following Abner: and when he had gathered all the people together, there lacked of David's servants nineteen men and Asahel.

 2:31  But the servants of David had smitten of Benjamin, and of Abner's men, so that three hundred and threescore men died.

 2:32  And they took up Asahel, and buried him in the sepulchre of his father, which was in Bethlehem. And Joab and his men went all night, and they came to Hebron at break of day.

 

 

Abner visits David

Joab kills Abner

2Samuel 3:1  Now there was long war between the house of Saul and the house of David: but David waxed stronger and stronger, and the house of Saul waxed weaker and weaker.

 3:2  And unto David were sons born in Hebron: and his firstborn was Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess;

 3:3  And his second, Chileab, of Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite; and the third, Absalom the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur;

 3:4  And the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith; and the fifth, Shephatiah the son of Abital;

 3:5  And the sixth, Ithream, by Eglah David's wife. These were born to David in Hebron.

 3:6  And it came to pass, while there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, that Abner made himself strong (was governing) for the house of Saul.

 3:7  And Saul had a concubine, whose name was Rizpah, the daughter of Aiah: and Ishbosheth said to Abner, Wherefore hast you gone in unto my father's concubine?

Which he did not. Ishbosheth falsely accused Abner.

 3:8  Then was Abner very wroth for the words of Ishbosheth, and said, Am I a dog's head, which against Judah do shew kindness this day unto the house of Saul your father, to his brethren, and to his friends, and have not delivered you into the hand of David, that you chargest me to day with a fault concerning this woman?

 3:9  So do God to Abner, and more also, except, as Yahweh hath sworn to David, even so I do to him;

 3:10  To translate the kingdom from the house of Saul, and to set up the throne of David over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beersheba.

 3:11  And he could not answer Abner a word again, because he feared him.

 3:12  And Abner sent messengers to David on his behalf, saying, Whose is the land? saying also, Make your league with me, and, behold, my hand shall be with you, to bring about all Israel unto you.

 3:13  And he said, Well; I will make a league with you: but one thing I require of you, that is, Thou shalt not see my face, except you first bring Michal Saul's daughter, when you comest to see my face.

The Hebrew reads: 13  Said he, Good, I will make a covenant with you, but one thing I demand from you by command, You shall not appear before me unless before me you bring Michal, daughter of Saul, when you come before me.

 3:14  And David sent messengers to Ishbosheth Saul's son, saying, Deliver me my wife Michal, which I espoused to me for an hundred foreskins of the Philistines.

1Samuel 18:25,27

25  And Saul said, Thus shall ye say to David, The king desireth not any dowry, but an hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines.

27  Wherefore David arose and went, he and his men, and slew of the Philistines two hundred men; and David brought their foreskins, and they gave them in full tale to the king, that he might be the king's son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter to wife.

 3:15  And Ishbosheth sent, and took her from her husband, even from Phaltiel the son of Laish.

1Samuel 25:44  But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, which was of Gallim.

 3:16  And her husband went with her along weeping behind her to Bahurim. Then said Abner unto him, Go, return. And he returned.

 3:17  And Abner had communication with the elders of Israel, saying, Ye sought for David in times past to be king over you:

 3:18  Now then do it: for Yahweh hath spoken of David, saying, By the hand of My servant David I will save My people Israel out of the hand of the Philistines, and out of the hand of all their (hated) enemies.

 3:19  And Abner also spake in the ears of Benjamin: and Abner went also to speak in the ears of David in Hebron all that seemed good to Israel, and that seemed good to the whole house of Benjamin.

 3:20  So Abner came to David to Hebron, and twenty men with him. And David made Abner and the men that were with him a feast.

 3:21  And Abner said unto David, I will arise and go, and will gather all Israel unto my lord the king, that they may make a league with you, and that you mayest reign over all that your heart desireth. And David sent Abner away; and he went in peace.

 3:22  And, behold, the servants of David and Joab came from pursuing a troop, and brought in a great spoil with them: but Abner was not with David in Hebron; for he had sent him away, and he was gone in peace.

 3:23  When Joab and all the host that was with him were come, they told Joab, saying, Abner the son of Ner came to the king, and he hath sent him away, and he is gone in peace.

 3:24  Then Joab came to the king, and said, What hast you done? behold, Abner came unto you; why is it that you hast sent him away, and he is quite gone?

 3:25  Thou knowest Abner the son of Ner, that he came to deceive you, and to know your going out and your coming in, and to know all that you doest.

 3:26  And when Joab was come out from David, he sent messengers after Abner, which brought him again from the well of Sirah: but David knew it not.

 3:27  And when Abner was returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him quietly, and smote him there under the fifth rib, that he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother.

1Kings 2:5  Moreover you knowest also what Joab the son of Zeruiah did to me, and what he did to the two captains of the hosts of Israel, unto Abner the son of Ner, and unto Amasa the son of Jether, whom he slew, and shed the blood of war in peace, and put the blood of war upon his girdle that was about his loins, and in his shoes that were on his feet.

 3:28  And afterward when David heard it, he said, I and my kingdom are guiltless before Yahweh for ever from the blood of Abner the son of Ner:

 3:29  Let it rest on the head of Joab, and on all his father's house; and let there not fail from the house of Joab one that hath an issue (unclean discharge), or that is a leper, or that leaneth on a staff, or that falleth on the sword, or that lacketh bread.

 3:30  So Joab and Abishai his brother slew Abner, because he had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle.

 3:31  And David said to Joab, and to all the people that were with him, Rend your clothes, and gird you with sackcloth, and mourn before Abner. And king David himself followed the bier.

 3:32  And they buried Abner in Hebron: and the king lifted up his voice, and wept at the grave of Abner; and all the people wept.

 3:33  And the king lamented over Abner, and said, Died Abner as a fool dieth?

 3:34  Your hands were not bound, nor your feet put into fetters: as a man falleth before wicked men, so fellest you. And all the people wept again over him.

Kinsman avenger law does not stand during war. Joab should not have killed Abner.

 3:35  And when all the people came to cause David to eat meat while it was yet day, David sware, saying, So do God to me, and more also, if I taste bread, or ought else, till the sun be down.

 3:36  And all the people took notice of it, and it pleased them: as whatsoever the king did pleased all the people.

 3:37  For all the people and all Israel understood that day that it was not of the king to slay Abner the son of Ner.

 3:38  And the king said unto his servants, Know ye not that there is a prince and a great man fallen this day in Israel?

 3:39  And I am this day weak, though anointed king; and these men the sons of Zeruiah be too hard for me: Yahweh shall reward the doer of evil according to his wickedness.

 

Murder of Ishbosheth

2Samuel 4:1  And when Saul's son heard that Abner was dead in Hebron, his hands were feeble, and all the Israelites were troubled.

 4:2  And Saul's son had two men that were captains of bands (of marauders): the name of the one was Baanah, and the name of the other Rechab, the sons of Rimmon a Beerothite, of the children of Benjamin: (for Beeroth also was reckoned to Benjamin:

 4:3  And the Beerothites fled to Gittaim, and were sojourners there until this day.)

 4:4  And Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son that was lame of his feet. He was five years old when the tidings came of Saul and Jonathan out of Jezreel, and his nurse took him up, and fled: and it came to pass, as she made haste to flee, that he fell, and became lame. And his name was Mephibosheth.

 4:5  And the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, Rechab and Baanah, went, and came about the heat of the day to the house of Ishbosheth, who lay on a bed at noon.

 4:6  And they came thither into the midst of the house, as though they would have fetched wheat; and they smote him under the fifth rib: and Rechab and Baanah his brother escaped.

 4:7  For when they came into the house, he lay on his bed in his bedchamber, and they smote him, and slew him, and beheaded him, and took his head, and gat them away through the plain all night.

 4:8  And they brought the head of Ishbosheth unto David to Hebron, and said to the king, Behold the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul your enemy, which sought your life; and Yahweh hath avenged my lord the king this day of Saul, and of his seed.

 4:9  And David answered Rechab and Baanah his brother, the sons of Rimmon the Beerothite, and said unto them, As Yahweh liveth, who hath redeemed my soul out of all adversity,

 4:10  When one told me, saying, Behold, Saul is dead, thinking to have brought good tidings, I took hold of him, and slew him in Ziklag, who thought that I would have given him a reward for his tidings:

 4:11  How much more, when wicked men have slain a righteous person in his own house upon his bed? shall I not therefore now require his blood of your hand, and take you away from the earth (land)?

Genesis 9:5-6

5  And surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and at the hand of man; at the hand of every man's brother will I require the life of man.

6  Whoso sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed: for in the image of God made He man.

 4:12  And David commanded his young men, and they slew them, and cut off their hands and their feet, and hanged them up over the pool in Hebron. But they took the head of Ishbosheth, and buried it in the sepulchre of Abner in Hebron.

Ishbosheth and David made peace.

David had sworn to Saul that when he became king, he would show mercy to Saul's household.

David had no part of these hits.

 

 

David king of Israel

Capture of Jerusalem

2Samuel 5:1  Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are your bone and your flesh.

 5:2  Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, you wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and Yahweh said to you, You shalt feed My people Israel, and you shalt be a captain over Israel.

1Samuel 18:13  Therefore Saul removed him from him, and made him his captain over a thousand; and he went out and came in before the people.

1Samuel 16:1  And Yahweh said unto Samuel, How long wilt you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill your horn with oil, and go, I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite: for I have provided Me a king among his sons.

 5:3  So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before Yahweh: and they anointed David king over Israel.

 5:4  David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.

 5:5  In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.

 5:6  And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except you take away the blind and the lame, you shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.

Joshua 15:63  As for the Jebusites the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the children of Judah could not drive them out: but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Judah at Jerusalem unto this day.

Judges 1:21  And the children of Benjamin did not drive out the Jebusites that inhabited Jerusalem; but the Jebusites dwell with the children of Benjamin in Jerusalem unto this day.

 5:7  Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.

 5:8  And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David's soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.

Septuagint: 8  And David said on that day, Every one that smites the Jebusite, let him attack with the dagger both the lame and the blind, and those that hate the soul of David. Therefore they say, The lame and the blind shall not enter into the house of Yahweh.

 5:9  So David dwelt in the fort (stronghold), and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.

 5:10  And David went on, and grew great, and Yahweh God of hosts was with him.

 5:11  And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.

 5:12  And David perceived that Yahweh had established him king over Israel, and that He had exalted his kingdom for His people Israel's sake.

 5:13  And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.

Deuteronomy 17:17  Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.

 5:14  And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,

 5:15  Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,

 5:16  And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.

 5:17  But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold.

1Chronicles 11:16  And David was then in the hold, and the Philistines' garrison was then at Bethlehem.

 5:18  The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Joshua 15:8  And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward:

 5:19  And David enquired of Yahweh, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt You deliver them into mine hand? And Yahweh said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into your hand.

 5:20  And David came to Baalperazim, and David smote them there, and said, Yahweh hath broken forth upon mine (hated) enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baalperazim.

Isaiah 28:21  For Yahweh shall rise up as in mount Perazim, He shall be wroth as in the valley of Gibeon, that He may do His work, His strange work; and bring to pass His act, His strange act.

 5:21  And there they left their images (idols), and David and his men burned them.

Deuteronomy 7:5  But thus shall ye deal with them; ye shall destroy their altars, and break down their images, and cut down their groves, and burn their graven images with fire.

25  The graven images of their gods shall ye burn with fire: you shalt not desire the silver or gold that is on them, nor take it unto you, lest you be snared therein: for it is an abomination to Yahweh your God.

 5:22  And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

 5:23  And when David enquired of Yahweh, He said, You shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.

 5:24  And let it be, when you hearest the sound of a going (marching) in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then you shalt bestir thyself: for then shall Yahweh go out before you, to smite the host of the Philistines.

 5:25  And David did so, as Yahweh had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until you come to Gazer.

 

 

Bringing up the Ark

2Samuel 6:1  Again, David gathered together all the chosen men of Israel, thirty thousand.

 6:2  And David arose, and went with all the people that were with him from Baale of Judah, to bring up from thence the ark of God, whose name is called by the name of Yahweh of hosts that dwelleth between the cherubims.

 6:3  And they set the ark of God upon a new cart, and brought it out of the house of Abinadab that was in Gibeah: and Uzzah and Ahio, the sons of Abinadab, drave the new cart.

 6:4  And they brought it out of the house of Abinadab which was at Gibeah, accompanying the ark of God: and Ahio went before the ark.

 6:5  And David and all the house of Israel played before Yahweh on all manner of instruments made of fir wood, even on harps, and on psalteries, and on timbrels, and on cornets, and on cymbals.

 6:6  And when they came to Nachon's threshingfloor, Uzzah put forth his hand to the ark of God, and took hold of it; for the oxen shook it.

 6:7  And the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Uzzah; and God smote him there for his error; and there he died by the ark of God.

Uzzah was not a Levite.

 6:8  And David was displeased, because Yahweh had made a breach upon Uzzah: and he called the name of the place Perezuzzah to this day.

 6:9  And David was afraid of Yahweh that day, and said, How shall the ark of Yahweh come (in) to me?

 6:10  So David would not remove the ark of Yahweh unto him into the city of David: but David carried it aside into the house of Obededom the Gittite.

 6:11  And the ark of Yahweh continued in the house of Obededom the Gittite three months: and Yahweh blessed Obededom, and all his household.

 6:12  And it was told king David, saying, Yahweh hath blessed the house of Obededom, and all that pertaineth unto him, because of the ark of God. So David went and brought up the ark of God from the house of Obededom into the city of David with gladness.

 6:13  And it was so, that when they that bare the ark of Yahweh had gone six paces, he sacrificed oxen and fatlings.

 6:14  And David danced before Yahweh with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

Psalm 30:11  Thou hast turned for me my mourning into dancing: you hast put off my sackcloth, and girded me with gladness;

 6:15  So David and all the house of Israel brought up the ark of Yahweh with shouting, and with the sound of the trumpet.

 6:16  And as the ark of Yahweh came into the city of David, Michal Saul's daughter looked through a window, and saw king David leaping and dancing before Yahweh; and she despised him in her heart.

 6:17  And they brought in the ark of Yahweh, and set it in his (it's) place, in the midst of the tabernacle that David had pitched for it: and David offered burnt offerings and peace offerings before Yahweh.

Psalm 132:8  Arise, O Yahweh, into your rest; you, and the ark of your strength.

 6:18  And as soon as David had made an end of offering burnt offerings and peace offerings, he blessed the people in the name of Yahweh of hosts.

 6:19  And he dealt among all the people, even among the whole multitude of Israel, as well to the women as men, to every one a cake of bread, and a good piece of flesh, and a flagon of wine. So all the people departed every one to his house.

 6:20  Then David returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said, How glorious was the king of Israel to day, who uncovered himself to day in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovereth himself!

 6:21  And David said unto Michal, It was before Yahweh, which chose me before your father, and before all his house, to appoint me ruler over the people of Yahweh, over Israel: therefore will I play before Yahweh.

 6:22  And I will yet be more vile than thus, and will be base in mine own sight: and of the maidservants which you hast spoken of, of them shall I be had in honour.

Septuagint: 22  And I will again uncover myself thus, and I will be vile in your eyes, and with the maid-servants by whom you saidst that I was not had in honour.

 6:23  Therefore Michal the daughter of Saul had no child unto the day of her death.

David was wearing a linen garment (v14) that was apparently not long enough to cover his lower parts as he danced and whirled in religious ecstacy before Yahweh and the ark of the covenant.

 

 

Nathan's prophecy

2Samuel 7:1  And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and Yahweh had given him rest round about from all his (hated) enemies;

 7:2  That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.

 7:3  And Nathan said to the king, Go, do all that is in your heart; for Yahweh is with you.

 7:4  And it came to pass that night, that the word of Yahweh came unto Nathan, saying,

 7:5  Go and tell My servant David, Thus saith Yahweh, Shalt you build Me an house for Me to dwell in?

 7:6  Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle.

 7:7  In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed My people Israel, saying, Why build ye not Me an house of cedar?

Leviticus 26:11  And I will set My tabernacle among you: and My soul shall not abhor you.

 7:8  Now therefore so shalt you say unto My servant David, Thus saith Yahweh of hosts, I took you from the sheepcote (shepherd's camp), from following the sheep, to be ruler over My people, over Israel:

 7:9  And I was with you whithersoever you wentest, and have cut off all your (hated) enemies out of your sight, and have made you a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth (land).

 7:10  Moreover I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move (be disturbed) no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,

This is a future prophecy of America. It cannot be Palestine because they are there as Yahweh is prophesying to David.

Psalm 44:2  How you didst drive out the heathen with your hand, and plantedst them; how you didst afflict the people, and cast them out.

Psalm 80:8  Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: you hast cast out the heathen, and planted it.

 7:11  And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel, and have caused you to rest from all your (hated) enemies. Also Yahweh telleth you that He will make you an house.

House, family of descendants, descendants as organized body

 7:12  And when your days be fulfilled, and you shalt sleep with your fathers, I will set up your seed after you, which shall proceed out of your bowels, and I will establish his kingdom.  Solomon

 7:13  He shall build an house for My name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever.

From David to Solomon and up to today, Queen Elizabeth II. Who is not a Jew.

Verse 13 is a reference to Yahshua Christ.

Verse 14 is referring to Solomon.

 7:14  I will be his father, and he shall be My son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men (ish), and with the stripes of the children of men (awdawm):

 7:15  But My mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before you.

Although Solomon race mixed and went after other gods in his old age, this verse may answer if we will see him again, because there are no verses stating that he repented.

1Samuel 15:23,28

23  For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft, and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you (Saul) hast rejected the word of Yahweh, He hath also rejected you from being king.

28  And Samuel said unto him, Yahweh hath rent the kingdom of Israel from you this day, and hath given it to a neighbour of your, that is better than you.

 7:16  And your house and your kingdom shall be established for ever before you: your throne shall be established for ever.

In verse 16 the everlasting throne is of Yahshua.

 7:17  According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David.

 7:18  Then went king David in, and sat before Yahweh, and he said, Who am I, O Yahweh GOD? and what is my house, that You hast brought me hitherto?

 7:19  And this was yet a small thing in Your sight, O Yahweh GOD; but You hast spoken also of Your servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man (awdawm), O Yahweh GOD?

Verses 18-19 are references to family, temple (body). David's descendants.

 7:20  And what can David say more unto You? for You, Yahweh GOD, knowest Your servant.

 7:21  For Your word's sake, and according to Your own heart, hast You done all these great things, to make Your servant know them.

 7:22  Wherefore You art great, O Yahweh God: for there is none like You, neither is there any God beside You, according to all that we have heard with our ears.

1Chronicles 16:25  For great is Yahweh, and greatly to be praised: He also is to be feared above all gods.

 7:23  And what one nation in the earth is like Your people, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a people to Himself, and to make Him a name, and to do for You great things and terrible (awesome), for Your land, before Your people, which You redeemedst to You from Egypt, from the nations and their gods?

Psalm 147:20  He hath not dealt so with any nation: and as for His judgments, they have not known them. Praise ye Yahweh.

Deuteronomy 9:26  I prayed therefore unto Yahweh, and said, O Yahweh GOD, destroy not Your people and Your inheritance, which You hast redeemed through Your greatness, which You hast brought forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand.

 7:24  For You hast confirmed to Thyself Your people Israel to be a people unto You for ever: and You, Yahweh, art become their God.

But the “churches” teach that the “church” takes the place of Israel.

Deuteronomy 26:18  And Yahweh hath avouched you this day to be His peculiar people, as He hath promised you, and that you shouldest keep all His commandments;

Psalm 48:14  For this God is our God for ever and ever: He will be our guide even unto death.

 7:25  And now, O Yahweh God, the word that You hast spoken concerning Your servant, and concerning his house (family), establish it for ever, and do as You hast said.

 7:26  And let Your name be magnified for ever, saying, Yahweh of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of Your servant David be established before You.

 7:27  For You, O Yahweh of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to Your servant, saying, I will build you an house (a line of descent): therefore hath Your servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto You.

 7:28  And now, O Yahweh GOD, You art that God, and Your words be true, and You hast promised this goodness unto Your servant:

John 17:17  Sanctify them through Your truth: Your word is truth.

 7:29  Therefore now let it please You to bless the house of Your servant, that it may continue for ever before You: for You, O Yahweh GOD, hast spoken it: and with Your blessing let the house of Your servant be blessed for ever.

 

 

David's military victories

2Samuel 8:1  And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took Methegammah out of the hand of the Philistines.

 8:2  And he smote Moab, and measured them with a line, casting them down to the ground; even with two lines measured he to put to death, and with one full line to keep alive. And so the Moabites became David's servants, and brought gifts (tribute).

Numbers 24:17  I shall see him, but not now: I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and a Sceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, and destroy all the children of Sheth.

 8:3  David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.

 8:4  And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for an hundred chariots. (he reserved to himself a hundred chariots)

 8:5  And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

 8:6  Then David put garrisons in Syria of Damascus: and the Syrians became servants to David, and brought gifts (tribute). And Yahweh preserved David whithersoever he went.

 8:7  And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.

 8:8  And from Betah, and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass (bronze).

 8:9  When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

 8:10  Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute (ask peace of) him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass (bronze):

 8:11  Which also king David did dedicate unto Yahweh, with the silver and gold that he had dedicated of all nations which he subdued;

1Kings 7:51  So was ended all the work that king Solomon made for the house of Yahweh. And Solomon brought in the things which David his father had dedicated; even the silver, and the gold, and the vessels, did he put among the treasures of the house of Yahweh.

 8:12  Of Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

 8:13  And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting of the Syrians in the valley of salt, being eighteen thousand men.

 8:14  And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all they of Edom became David's servants. And Yahweh preserved David whithersoever he went.

 8:15  And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people.

 8:16  And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder;

 8:17  And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech (Abiathar) the son of Abiathar (Ahimelech), were the priests; and Seraiah was the scribe;

1Samuel 22:20  And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped, and fled after David.

1Chronicles 24:3  And David distributed them, both Zadok of the sons of Eleazar, and Ahimelech of the sons of Ithamar, according to their offices in their service.

 8:18  And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over both the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David's sons were chief rulers.

 

 

David and Mephibosheth

2Samuel 9:1  And David said, Is there yet any that is left of the house of Saul, that I may shew him kindness for Jonathan's sake?   (1Sa 20:15-17)

 9:2  And there was of the house of Saul a servant whose name was Ziba. And when they had called him unto David, the king said unto him, Art you Ziba? And he said, Thy servant is he.

 9:3  And the king said, Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may shew the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, which is lame on his feet.

 9:4  And the king said unto him, Where is he? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he is in the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, in Lodebar.

 9:5  Then king David sent, and fetched him out of the house of Machir, the son of Ammiel, from Lodebar.

 9:6  Now when Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan, the son of Saul, was come unto David, he fell on his face, and did reverence. And David said, Mephibosheth. And he answered, Behold your servant!

 9:7  And David said unto him, Fear not: for I will surely shew you kindness for Jonathan your father's sake, and will restore you all the land of Saul your father; and you shalt eat bread at my table continually.

 9:8  And he bowed himself, and said, What is your servant, that you shouldest look upon such a dead dog as I am?

 9:9  Then the king called to Ziba, Saul's servant, and said unto him, I have given unto your master's son all that pertained to Saul and to all his house.

 9:10  Thou therefore, and your sons, and your servants, shall till the land for him, and you shalt bring in the fruits, that your master's son may have food to eat: but Mephibosheth your master's son (grandson) shall eat bread alway at my table. Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants.

 9:11  Then said Ziba unto the king, According to all that my lord the king hath commanded his servant, so shall your servant do. As for Mephibosheth, said the king, he shall eat at my table, as one of the king's sons.

 9:12  And Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micha. And all that dwelt in the house of Ziba were servants unto Mephibosheth.

 9:13  So Mephibosheth dwelt in Jerusalem: for he did eat continually at the king's table; and was lame on both his feet.

 

 

Victory over Ammonites

2Samuel 10:1  And it came to pass after this, that the king of the children of Ammon died, and Hanun his son reigned in his stead.

 10:2  Then said David, I will shew kindness unto Hanun the son of Nahash, as his father shewed kindness unto me. And David sent to comfort him by the hand of his servants for his father. And David's servants came into the land of the children of Ammon.

 10:3  And the princes of the children of Ammon said unto Hanun their lord, Thinkest you that David doth honour your father, that he hath sent comforters unto you? hath not David rather sent his servants unto you, to search the city, and to spy it out, and to overthrow it?

Hanun had bad counselors.

 10:4  Wherefore Hanun took David's servants, and shaved off the one half of their beards, and cut off their garments in the middle, even to their buttocks, and sent them away.  

 10:5  When they told it unto David, he sent to meet them, because the men were greatly ashamed: and the king said, Tarry at Jericho until your beards be grown, and then return.

 10:6  And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men.

 10:7  And when David heard of it, he sent Joab, and all the host of the mighty men.

 10:8  And the children of Ammon came out, and put the battle in array at the entering in of the gate: and the Syrians of Zoba, and of Rehob, and Ishtob, and Maacah, were by themselves in the field.

 10:9  When Joab saw that the front of the battle was against him before and behind, he chose of all the choice men of Israel, and put them in array against the Syrians:

 10:10  And the rest of the people he delivered into the hand of Abishai his brother, that he might put them in array against the children of Ammon.

 10:11  And he said, If the Syrians be too strong for me, then you shalt help me: but if the children of Ammon be too strong for you, then I will come and help you.

 10:12  Be of good courage, and let us play (be courageous for) the men for our people, and for the cities of our God: and Yahweh do that which seemeth Him good.

 10:13  And Joab drew nigh, and the people that were with him, unto the battle against the Syrians: and they fled before him.

 10:14  And when the children of Ammon saw that the Syrians were fled, then fled they also before Abishai, and entered into the city. So Joab returned from the children of Ammon, and came to Jerusalem.

 10:15  And when the Syrians saw that they were smitten before Israel, they gathered themselves together.

 10:16  And Hadarezer sent, and brought out the Syrians that were beyond the river: and they came to Helam; and Shobach the captain of the host of Hadarezer went before them.

 10:17  And when it was told David, he gathered all Israel together, and passed over Jordan, and came to Helam. And the Syrians set themselves in array against David, and fought with him.

 10:18  And the Syrians fled before Israel; and David slew the men of seven hundred chariots of the Syrians, and forty thousand horsemen, and smote Shobach the captain of their host, who died there.

 10:19  And when all the kings that were servants to Hadarezer saw that they were smitten before Israel, they made peace with Israel, and served them. So the Syrians feared to help the children of Ammon any more.

 

 

David's sin against Uriah

2Samuel 11:1  And it came to pass, after the year was expired (spring time), at the time when kings go forth to battle, that David sent Joab, and his servants with him, and all Israel; and they destroyed the children of Ammon, and besieged Rabbah. But David tarried still at Jerusalem.

 11:2  And it came to pass in an eveningtide, that David arose from off his bed, and walked upon the roof of the king's house: and from the roof he saw a woman washing herself; and the woman was very beautiful to look upon.

She was likely bathing in a ritual bath for purification.

 11:3  And David sent and enquired after the woman. And one said, Is not this Bathsheba, the daughter of Eliam, the wife of Uriah the Hittite?

Eliam was an Israelite, Uriah was a Hittite by geography and not by race.

 11:4  And David sent messengers, and took her; and she came in unto him, and he lay with her; for she was purified from her uncleanness: and she returned unto her house.

She was purified from her menstrual cycle. Hence the bath of purification in verse 2.

 11:5  And the woman conceived, and sent and told David, and said, I am with child.

 11:6  And David sent to Joab, saying, Send me Uriah the Hittite. And Joab sent Uriah to David.

 11:7  And when Uriah was come unto him, David demanded of him how Joab did, and how the people did, and how the war prospered.

 11:8  And David said to Uriah, Go down to your house, and wash your feet. And Uriah departed out of the king's house, and there followed him a mess of meat from the king.

 11:9  But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house with all the servants of his lord, and went not down to his house.

 11:10  And when they had told David, saying, Uriah went not down unto his house, David said unto Uriah, Camest you not from your journey? why then didst you not go down unto your house?

 11:11  And Uriah said unto David, The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? as you livest, and as your soul liveth, I will not do this thing.

Verse 11 is proof that Uriah is an Israelite, a Hittite by geography.  By his righteous acts.

 11:12  And David said to Uriah, Tarry here to day also, and to morrow I will let you depart. So Uriah abode in Jerusalem that day, and the morrow.

 11:13  And when David had called him, he did eat and drink before him; and he made him drunk: and at even he went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord, but went not down to his house.

 11:14  And it came to pass in the morning, that David wrote a letter to Joab, and sent it by the hand of Uriah.

 11:15  And he wrote in the letter, saying, Set ye Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle, and retire ye from him, that he may be smitten, and die.

 11:16  And it came to pass, when Joab observed the city, that he assigned Uriah unto a place where he knew that valiant men were.

 11:17  And the men of the city went out, and fought with Joab: and there fell some of the people of the servants of David; and Uriah the Hittite died also.

 11:18  Then Joab sent and told David all the things concerning the war;

 11:19  And charged the messenger, saying, When you hast made an end of telling the matters of the war unto the king,

 11:20  And if so be that the king's wrath arise, and he say unto you, Wherefore approached ye so nigh unto the city when ye did fight? knew ye not that they would shoot from the wall?

 11:21  Who smote Abimelech the son of Jerubbesheth? did not a woman cast a piece of a millstone upon him from the wall, that he died in Thebez? why went ye nigh the wall? then say you, Thy servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.   (Judges 9:53-54)

 11:22  So the messenger went, and came and shewed David all that Joab had sent him for.

 11:23  And the messenger said unto David, Surely the men prevailed against us, and came out unto us into the field, and we were upon them even unto the entering of the gate.

 11:24  And the shooters shot from off the wall upon your servants; and some of the king's servants be dead, and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also.

 11:25  Then David said unto the messenger, Thus shalt you say unto Joab, Let not this thing displease you, for the sword devoureth one as well as another: make your battle more strong against the city, and overthrow it: and encourage you him.

 11:26  And when the wife of Uriah heard that Uriah her husband was dead, she mourned for her husband.

 11:27  And when the mourning was past, David sent and fetched her to his house, and she became his wife, and bare him a son. But the thing that David had done displeased Yahweh.

 

 

The parable of the poor man's lamb

David repents

2Samuel 12:1  And Yahweh sent Nathan unto David. And he came unto him, and said unto him, There were two men in one city; the one rich, and the other poor.   (Psalm 51)

 12:2  The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds:

 12:3  But the poor man had nothing, save one little ewe lamb, which he had bought and nourished up: and it grew up together with him, and with his children; it did eat of his own meat, and drank of his own cup, and lay in his bosom, and was unto him as a daughter.

 12:4  And there came a traveller unto the rich man, and he spared (did not want) to take of his own flock and of his own herd, to dress for the wayfaring man that was come unto him; but took the poor man's lamb, and dressed it for the man that was come to him.

 12:5  And David's anger was greatly kindled against the man; and he said to Nathan, As Yahweh liveth, the man that hath done this thing shall surely die:

 12:6  And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because he did this thing, and because he had no pity.

Exodus 22:1  If a man shall steal an ox, or a sheep, and kill it, or sell it; he shall restore five oxen for an ox, and four sheep for a sheep.

 12:7  And Nathan said to David, Thou art the man. Thus saith Yahweh God of Israel, I anointed you king over Israel, and I delivered you out of the hand of Saul;

 12:8  And I gave you your master's house, and your master's wives into your bosom, and gave you the house of Israel and of Judah; and if that had been too little, I would moreover have given unto you such and such things.

 12:9  Wherefore hast you despised the commandment of Yahweh, to do evil in His sight? you hast killed Uriah the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be your wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.

 12:10  Now therefore the sword shall never depart from your house; because you hast despised Me, and hast taken the wife of Uriah the Hittite to be your wife.

 12:11  Thus saith Yahweh, Behold, I will raise up evil (calamity) against you out of your own house, and I will take your wives before your eyes, and give them unto your neighbour, and he shall lie with your wives in the sight of this sun.

 12:12  For you didst it secretly: but I will do this thing before all Israel, and before the sun.

 12:13  And David said unto Nathan, I have sinned against Yahweh. And Nathan said unto David, Yahweh also hath put away your sin; you shalt not die.

 12:14  Howbeit, because by this deed you hast given great occasion to the  (hated) enemies of Yahweh to blaspheme, the child also that is born unto you shall surely die.

 12:15  And Nathan departed unto his house. And Yahweh struck the child that Uriah's wife bare unto David, and it was very sick.

 12:16  David therefore besought God for the child; and David fasted, and went in, and lay all night upon the earth (ground).

 12:17  And the elders of his house arose, and went to him, to raise him up from the earth (ground): but he would not, neither did he eat bread with them.

 12:18  And it came to pass on the seventh day, that the child died. And the servants of David feared to tell him that the child was dead: for they said, Behold, while the child was yet alive, we spake unto him, and he would not hearken unto our voice: how will he then vex himself, if we tell him that the child is dead?

 12:19  But when David saw that his servants whispered, David perceived that the child was dead: therefore David said unto his servants, Is the child dead? And they said, He is dead.

 12:20  Then David arose from the earth (ground), and washed, and anointed himself, and changed his apparel, and came into the house of Yahweh, and worshipped: then he came to his own house; and when he required, they set bread before him, and he did eat.

 12:21  Then said his servants unto him, What thing is this that you hast done? you didst fast and weep for the child, while it was alive; but when the child was dead, you didst rise and eat bread.

 12:22  And he said, While the child was yet alive, I fasted and wept: for I said, Who can tell whether GOD will be gracious to me, that the child may live?

Jonah 3:9  Who can tell if God will turn and repent, and turn away from His fierce anger, that we perish not?

 12:23  But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can I bring him back again? I shall go to him, but he shall not return to me.

Job 7:8-9

8  The eye of him that hath seen me shall see me no more: your eyes are upon me, and I am not.

9  As the cloud is consumed and vanisheth away: so he that goeth down to the grave shall come up no more.

 12:24  And David comforted Bathsheba his wife, and went in unto her, and lay with her: and she bare a son, and he called his name Solomon: and Yahweh loved him.

 12:25  And he sent by the hand of Nathan the prophet; and he called his name Jedidiah (beloved of Yahweh), because of Yahweh.

 12:26  And Joab fought against Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and took the royal city.

 12:27  And Joab sent messengers to David, and said, I have fought against Rabbah, and have taken the city of waters.

 12:28  Now therefore gather the rest of the people together, and encamp against the city, and take it: lest I take the city, and it be called after my name.

 12:29  And David gathered all the people together, and went to Rabbah, and fought against it, and took it.

 12:30  And he took their king's crown from off his head, the weight whereof was a talent of gold with the precious stones: and it was set on David's head. And he brought forth the spoil of the city in great abundance.

 12:31  And he brought forth the people that were therein, and put them under saws, and under harrows of iron, and under axes of iron, and made them pass through the brickkiln: and thus did he unto all the cities of the children of Ammon. So David and all the people returned unto Jerusalem.

The Hebrew says: “He brought forth the people that were in it, and put them to work with saws, sharp instruments of iron, axes of iron, and made them pass over to the brickkiln: ...”.

The KJV perversion has the reader think that David tortured, burned and chopped the people in half. When the Ammonites were captured they were put to work.

 

 

Amnon defiles Tamar

2Samuel 13:1  And it came to pass after this, that Absalom the son of David had a fair sister, whose name was Tamar; and Amnon the son of David loved (lusted) her.

 13:2  And Amnon was so vexed, that he fell sick for his sister Tamar; for she was a virgin; and Amnon thought it hard for him to do any thing to her.

 13:3  But Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother: and Jonadab was a very subtil (cunning) man.

1Samuel 16:9  Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by. And he said, Neither hath Yahweh chosen this.

 13:4  And he said unto him, Why art you, being the king's son, lean (so weak) from day to day? wilt you not tell me? And Amnon said unto him, I love (as a carnal desire) Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister.

Absalom and Amnon had different mothers, David being the father of both sons.

 13:5  And Jonadab said unto him, Lay you down on your bed, and make thyself sick: and when your father cometh to see you, say unto him, I pray you, let my sister Tamar come, and give me meat, and dress the meat in my sight, that I may see it, and eat it at her hand.

 13:6  So Amnon lay down, and made himself sick: and when the king was come to see him, Amnon said unto the king, I pray you, let Tamar my sister come, and make me a couple of cakes in my sight, that I may eat at her hand.

 13:7  Then David sent home to Tamar, saying, Go now to your brother Amnon's house, and dress him meat.

 13:8  So Tamar went to her brother Amnon's house; and he was laid down. And she took flour, and kneaded it, and made cakes in his sight, and did bake the cakes.

 13:9  And she took a pan, and poured them out before him; but he refused to eat. And Amnon said, Have out all men from me. And they went out every man from him.

 13:10  And Amnon said unto Tamar, Bring the meat into the (bed) chamber, that I may eat of your hand. And Tamar took the cakes which she had made, and brought them into the chamber to Amnon her brother.

 13:11  And when she had brought them unto him to eat, he took hold of her, and said unto her, Come lie with me, my sister.

Sexually.

 13:12  And she answered him, Nay, my brother, do not force me; for no such thing ought to be done in Israel: do not you this folly.

Leviticus 18:9  The nakedness of your sister, the daughter of your father, or daughter of your mother, whether she be born at home, or born abroad, even their nakedness you shalt not uncover.

11  The nakedness of your father's wife's daughter, begotten of your father, she is your sister, you shalt not uncover her nakedness.

Leviticus 20:17  And if a man shall take his sister, his father's daughter, or his mother's daughter, and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness; it is a wicked thing; and they shall be cut off in the sight of their people: he hath uncovered his sister's nakedness; he shall bear his iniquity.

 13:13  And I, whither shall I cause my shame to go? and as for you, you shalt be as one of the fools in Israel. Now therefore, I pray you, speak unto the king; for he will not withhold me from you.

 13:14  Howbeit he would not hearken unto her voice: but, being stronger than she, forced her, and lay with her.

 13:15  Then Amnon hated her exceedingly; so that the hatred wherewith he hated her was greater than the love wherewith he had loved her. And Amnon said unto her, Arise, be gone.

 13:16  And she said unto him, There is no cause: this evil in sending me away is greater than the other that you didst unto me. But he would not hearken unto her.

 13:17  Then he called his servant that ministered unto him, and said, Put now this woman out from me, and bolt the door after her.

 13:18  And she had a garment of divers colours upon her: for with such robes were the king's daughters that were virgins apparelled. Then his servant brought her out, and bolted the door after her.

Tunic of long skirts and sleeves. Colours is not a reference to color.

 13:19  And Tamar put ashes on her head, and rent her garment of divers colours (tunic) that was on her, and laid her hand on her head, and went on crying.

 13:20  And Absalom her brother said unto her, Hath Amnon your brother been with you? but hold now your peace, my sister: he is your brother; regard not this thing. So Tamar remained desolate in her brother Absalom's house.

 13:21  But when king David heard of all these things, he was very wroth.

David did not punish his son. The punishment for this crime is the death penalty.

 13:22  And Absalom spake unto his brother Amnon neither good nor bad: for Absalom hated Amnon, because he had forced his sister Tamar.

 13:23  And it came to pass after two full years, that Absalom had sheepshearers in Baalhazor, which is beside Ephraim: and Absalom invited all the king's sons.

 13:24  And Absalom came to the king, and said, Behold now, your servant hath sheepshearers; let the king, I beseech you, and his servants go with your servant.

 13:25  And the king said to Absalom, Nay, my son, let us not all now go, lest we be chargeable (a burden) unto you. And he pressed him: howbeit he would not go, but blessed him.

 13:26  Then said Absalom, If not, I pray you, let my brother Amnon go with us. And the king said unto him, Why should he go with you?

 13:27  But Absalom pressed him, that he let Amnon and all the king's sons go with him.

 13:28  Now Absalom had commanded his servants, saying, Mark ye now when Amnon's heart is merry with wine, and when I say unto you, Smite Amnon; then kill him, fear not: have not I commanded you? be courageous, and be valiant.

 13:29  And the servants of Absalom did unto Amnon as Absalom had commanded. Then all the king's sons arose, and every man gat him up upon his mule, and fled.

 13:30  And it came to pass, while they were in the way, that tidings came to David, saying, Absalom hath slain all the king's sons, and there is not one of them left.

A false rumor. Only Amnon was killed.

 13:31  Then the king arose, and tare his garments, and lay on the earth (ground); and all his servants stood by with their clothes rent.

 13:32  And Jonadab, the son of Shimeah David's brother, answered and said, Let not my lord suppose that they have slain all the young men the king's sons; for Amnon only is dead: for by the appointment of Absalom this hath been determined from the day that he forced his sister Tamar.

 13:33  Now therefore let not my lord the king take the thing to his heart, to think that all the king's sons are dead: for Amnon only is dead.

 13:34  But Absalom fled. And the young man that kept the watch lifted up his eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came much people by the way of the hill side behind him.

 13:35  And Jonadab said unto the king, Behold, the king's sons come: as your servant said, so it is.

 13:36  And it came to pass, as soon as he had made an end of speaking, that, behold, the king's sons came, and lifted up their voice and wept: and the king also and all his servants wept very sore.

 13:37  But Absalom fled, and went to Talmai, the son of Ammihud, king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day.

 13:38  So Absalom fled, and went to Geshur, and was there three years.

 13:39  And the soul of king David longed to go forth unto Absalom: for he was comforted concerning Amnon, seeing he was dead.

 

 

Absalom's return

2Samuel 14:1  Now Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king's heart was toward Absalom.

 14:2  And Joab sent to Tekoah, and fetched thence a wise woman, and said unto her, I pray you, feign thyself to be a mourner, and put on now mourning apparel, and anoint not thyself with oil, but be as a woman that had a long time mourned for the dead:

 14:3  And come to the king, and speak on this manner unto him. So Joab put the words in her mouth.

 14:4  And when the woman of Tekoah spake to the king, she fell on her face to the ground, and did obeisance, and said, Help, O king.

 14:5  And the king said unto her, What aileth you? And she answered, I am indeed a widow woman, and mine husband is dead.

 14:6  And your handmaid had two sons, and they two strove together in the field, and there was none to part them, but the one smote the other, and slew him.

 14:7  And, behold, the whole family is risen against your handmaid, and they said, Deliver him that smote his brother, that we may kill him, for the life of his brother whom he slew; and we will destroy the heir also: and so they shall quench my coal which is left, and shall not leave to my husband neither name nor remainder upon the earth (face of the land).

 14:8  And the king said unto the woman, Go to your house, and I will give charge concerning you.

 14:9  And the woman of Tekoah said unto the king, My lord, O king, the iniquity be on me, and on my father's house: and the king and his throne be guiltless.

 14:10  And the king said, Whosoever saith ought unto you, bring him to me, and he shall not touch you any more.

 14:11  Then said she, I pray you, let the king remember Yahweh your God, that you wouldest not suffer the revengers of blood to destroy any more, lest they destroy my son. And he said, As Yahweh liveth, there shall not one hair of your son fall to the earth (ground).

Numbers 35:19  The revenger of blood himself shall slay the murderer: when he meeteth him, he shall slay him.

 14:12  Then the woman said, Let your handmaid, I pray you, speak one word unto my lord the king. And he said, Say on.

 14:13  And the woman said, Wherefore then hast you thought such a thing against the people of God? for the king doth speak this thing as one which is faulty, in that the king doth not fetch home again his banished.

Speaking of Absalom.

 14:14  For we must needs die, and are as water spilt on the ground, which cannot be gathered up again; neither doth God respect any person: yet doth he devise means, that his banished be not expelled from him.

The Hebrew has: “...nor does Elohiym take away a life:...”

 14:15  Now therefore that I am come to speak of this thing unto my lord the king, it is because the people have made me afraid: and your handmaid said, I will now speak unto the king; it may be that the king will perform the request of his handmaid.

 14:16  For the king will hear, to deliver his handmaid out of the hand of the man that would destroy me and my son together out of the inheritance of God.

 14:17  Then your handmaid said, The word of my lord the king shall now be comfortable: for as an angel (messenger) of God, so is my lord the king to discern good and bad: therefore Yahweh your God will be with you.

 14:18  Then the king answered and said unto the woman, Hide not from me, I pray you, the thing that I shall ask you. And the woman said, Let my lord the king now speak.

 14:19  And the king said, Is not the hand of Joab with you in all this? And the woman answered and said, As your soul liveth, my lord the king, none can turn to the right hand or to the left from ought that my lord the king hath spoken: for your servant Joab, he bade me, and he put all these words in the mouth of your handmaid:

 14:20  To fetch about this form of speech hath your servant Joab done this thing: and my lord is wise, according to the wisdom of an angel (messenger) of God, to know all things that are in the earth (land).

 14:21  And the king said unto Joab, Behold now, I have done this thing: go therefore, bring the young man Absalom again.

 14:22  And Joab fell to the ground on his face, and bowed himself, and thanked the king: and Joab said, To day your servant knoweth that I have found grace (favor) in your sight, my lord, O king, in that the king hath fulfilled the request of his servant.

 14:23  So Joab arose and went to Geshur, and brought Absalom to Jerusalem.

 14:24  And the king said, Let him turn to his own house, and let him not see my face. So Absalom returned to his own house, and saw not the king's face.

 14:25  But in all Israel there was none to be so much praised as Absalom for his beauty: from the sole of his foot even to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him.

 14:26  And when he polled his head, (for it was at every year's end that he polled it: because the hair was heavy on him, therefore he polled it:) he weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels after the king's weight.

 14:27  And unto Absalom there were born three sons, and one daughter, whose name was Tamar: she was a woman of a fair countenance.

 14:28  So Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem, and saw not the king's face.

 14:29  Therefore Absalom sent for Joab, to have sent him to the king; but he would not come to him: and when he sent again the second time, he would not come.

 14:30  Therefore he said unto his servants, See, Joab's field is near mine, and he hath barley there; go and set it on fire. And Absalom's servants set the field on fire.

 14:31  Then Joab arose, and came to Absalom unto his house, and said unto him, Wherefore have your servants set my field on fire?

 14:32  And Absalom answered Joab, Behold, I sent unto you, saying, Come hither, that I may send you to the king, to say, Wherefore am I come from Geshur? it had been good for me to have been there still: now therefore let me see the king's face; and if there be any iniquity in me, let him kill me.

 14:33  So Joab came to the king, and told him: and when he had called for Absalom, he came to the king, and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king: and the king kissed Absalom.

 

 

Absalom's revolt

2Samuel 15:1  And it came to pass after this, that Absalom prepared him chariots and horses, and fifty men to run before him.

 15:2  And Absalom rose up early, and stood beside the way of the gate: and it was so, that when any man that had a controversy came to the king for judgment, then Absalom called unto him, and said, Of what city art you? And he said, Thy servant is of one of the tribes of Israel.

 15:3  And Absalom said unto him, See, your matters are good and right; but there is no man deputed of the king to hear you.

 15:4  Absalom said moreover, Oh that I were made judge in the land, that every man which hath any suit or cause might come unto me, and I would do him justice!

 15:5  And it was so, that when any man came nigh to him to do him obeisance, he put forth his hand, and took him, and kissed him.

Absalom made himself to appear humble.

 15:6  And on this manner did Absalom to all Israel that came to the king for judgment: so Absalom stole the hearts of the men of Israel.

 15:7  And it came to pass after forty years, that Absalom said unto the king, I pray you, let me go and pay my vow, which I have vowed unto Yahweh, in Hebron.

 15:8  For your servant vowed a vow while I abode at Geshur in Syria, saying, If Yahweh shall bring me again indeed to Jerusalem, then I will serve Yahweh.

Another lie.

 15:9  And the king said unto him, Go in peace. So he arose, and went to Hebron.

 15:10  But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, As soon as ye hear the sound of the trumpet, then ye shall say, Absalom reigneth in Hebron.

 15:11  And with Absalom went two hundred men out of Jerusalem, that were called; and they went in their simplicity (innocence), and they knew not any thing (of the matter).

 15:12  And Absalom sent for Ahithophel the Gilonite, David's counsellor, from his city, even from Giloh, while he offered sacrifices. And the conspiracy was strong; for the people increased continually with Absalom.

Psalm 55:12-14

12  For it was not an enemy that reproached me; then I could have borne it: neither was it he that hated me that did magnify himself against me; then I would have hid myself from him:

13  But it was you, a man mine equal, my guide, and mine acquaintance.

14  We took sweet counsel together, and walked unto the house of God in company.

 15:13  And there came a messenger to David, saying, The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom.

 15:14  And David said unto all his servants that were with him at Jerusalem, Arise, and let us flee; for we shall not else escape from Absalom: make speed to depart, lest he overtake us suddenly, and bring evil (calamity) upon us, and smite the city with the edge of the sword.   (Psalm 3)

 15:15  And the king's servants said unto the king, Behold, your servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king shall appoint.

 15:16  And the king went forth, and all his household after him. And the king left ten women, which were concubines, to keep the house.

 15:17  And the king went forth, and all the people after him, and tarried in a place that was far off.

 15:18  And all his servants passed on beside him; and all the Cherethites, and all the Pelethites, and all the Gittites, six hundred men which came after him from Gath, passed on before the king.

 15:19  Then said the king to Ittai the Gittite, Wherefore goest you also with us? return to your place, and abide with the king: for you art a stranger (racial alien), and also an exile.

 15:20  Whereas you camest but yesterday, should I this day make you go up and down with us? seeing I go whither I may, return you, and take back your brethren: mercy and truth be with you.

 15:21  And Ittai answered the king, and said, As Yahweh liveth, and as my lord the king liveth, surely in what place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, even there also will your servant be.

 15:22  And David said to Ittai, Go and pass over. And Ittai the Gittite passed over, and all his men, and all the little ones that were with him.

 15:23  And all the country wept with a loud voice, and all the people passed over: the king also himself passed over the brook Kidron, and all the people passed over, toward the way of the wilderness.

 15:24  And lo Zadok also, and all the Levites were with him, bearing the ark of the covenant of God: and they set down the ark of God; and Abiathar went up, until all the people had done passing out of the city.  

 15:25  And the king said unto Zadok, Carry back the ark of God into the city: if I shall find favour in the eyes of Yahweh, He will bring me again, and shew me both it, and his habitation:

Psalm 43:3  O send out Your light and Your truth: let them lead me; let them bring me unto Your holy hill, and to Your tabernacles.

 15:26  But if He thus say, I have no delight in you; behold, here am I, let Him do to me as seemeth good unto Him.

David was placing himself at the mercy of Yahweh, trusting and accepting what He had planned for him.

 15:27  The king said also unto Zadok the priest, Art not you a seer? return into the city in peace, and your two sons with you, Ahimaaz your son, and Jonathan the son of Abiathar.

The Septuagint has: “..., Behold, thou shalt return to the city in peace,...”.

The Hebrew reads: “..., Do you see? return to the city...”.

 15:28  See, I will tarry in the plain of the wilderness, until there come word from you to certify me.

 15:29  Zadok therefore and Abiathar carried the ark of God again to Jerusalem: and they tarried there.

 15:30  And David went up by the ascent of mount Olivet, and wept as he went up, and had his head covered, and he went barefoot: and all the people that was with him covered every man his head, and they went up, weeping as they went up.

 15:31  And one told David, saying, Ahithophel is among the conspirators with Absalom. And David said, O Yahweh, I pray You, turn the counsel of Ahithophel into foolishness.

 15:32  And it came to pass, that when David was come to the top of the mount, where he worshipped God, behold, Hushai the Archite came to meet him with his coat rent, and earth (soil) upon his head:

 15:33  Unto whom David said, If you passest on with me, then you shalt be a burden unto me:

 15:34  But if you return to the city, and say unto Absalom, I will be your servant, O king; as I have been your father's servant hitherto, so will I now also be your servant: then mayest you for me defeat (frustrate) the counsel of Ahithophel.

 15:35  And hast you not there with you Zadok and Abiathar the priests? therefore it shall be, that what thing soever you shalt hear out of the king's house, you shalt tell it to Zadok and Abiathar the priests.

 15:36  Behold, they have there with them their two sons, Ahimaaz Zadok's son, and Jonathan Abiathar's son; and by them ye shall send unto me every thing that ye can hear.

 15:37  So Hushai David's friend came into the city, and Absalom came into Jerusalem.

 

 

Ziba's lie

2Samuel 16:1  And when David was a little past the top of the hill, behold, Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met him, with a couple of asses saddled, and upon them two hundred loaves of bread, and an hundred bunches of raisins, and an hundred of summer fruits, and a bottle of wine.   (2Sa 9:9-10)

 16:2  And the king said unto Ziba, What meanest you by these? And Ziba said, The asses be for the king's household to ride on; and the bread and summer fruit for the young men to eat; and the wine, that such as be faint in the wilderness may drink.

 16:3  And the king said, And where is your master's son? And Ziba said unto the king, Behold, he abideth at Jerusalem: for he said, To day shall the house of Israel restore me the kingdom of my father.

Ziba lied.

 16:4  Then said the king to Ziba, Behold, your are (yours is) all that pertained unto Mephibosheth. And Ziba said, I humbly beseech you that I may find grace (favor) in your sight, my lord, O king.

 16:5  And when king David came to Bahurim, behold, thence came out a man of the family of the house of Saul, whose name was Shimei, the son of Gera: he came forth, and cursed still as he came.

 16:6  And he cast stones at David, and at all the servants of king David: and all the people and all the mighty men were on his right hand and on his left.

 16:7  And thus said Shimei when he cursed, Come out, come out, you bloody man, and you man of Belial (man of worthlessness):

 16:8  Yahweh hath returned upon you all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose stead you hast reigned; and Yahweh hath delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom your son: and, behold, you art taken in your mischief, because you art a bloody man.

David never killed anybody of the house of Saul.

 16:9  Then said Abishai the son of Zeruiah unto the king, Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? let me go over, I pray you, and take off his head.

 16:10  And the king said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah? so let him curse, because Yahweh hath said unto him, Curse David. Who shall then say, Wherefore hast you done so?

 16:11  And David said to Abishai, and to all his servants, Behold, my son, which came forth of my bowels, seeketh my life: how much more now may this Benjamite do it? let him alone, and let him curse; for Yahweh hath bidden him.

 16:12  It may be that Yahweh will look on mine affliction, and that Yahweh will requite me good for his cursing this day.

Again, David acts righteously.

 16:13  And as David and his men went by the way, Shimei went along on the hill's side over against him, and cursed as he went, and threw stones at him, and cast dust.

 16:14  And the king, and all the people that were with him, came weary, and refreshed themselves there.

 16:15  And Absalom, and all the people the men of Israel, came to Jerusalem, and Ahithophel with him.

 16:16  And it came to pass, when Hushai the Archite, David's friend, was come unto Absalom, that Hushai said unto Absalom, God save the king, God save the king. Long live the king.

 16:17  And Absalom said to Hushai, Is this your kindness to your friend? why wentest you not with your friend?

 16:18  And Hushai said unto Absalom, Nay; but whom Yahweh, and this people, and all the men of Israel, choose, his will I be, and with him will I abide.

 16:19  And again, whom should I serve? should I not serve in the presence of his son? as I have served in your father's presence, so will I be in your presence.

 16:20  Then said Absalom to Ahithophel, Give counsel among you what we shall do.

 16:21  And Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Go in unto your father's concubines, which he hath left to keep the house; and all Israel shall hear that you art abhorred of your father: then shall the hands of all that are with you be strong.

Violation of the law of uncovering the father's nakedness.

 16:22  So they spread Absalom a tent upon the top of the house; and Absalom went in unto his father's concubines in the sight of all Israel.

 16:23  And the counsel of Ahithophel, which he counselled in those days, was as if a man had enquired at the oracle of God: so was all the counsel of Ahithophel both with David and with Absalom.

 

 

The advice of Hushai

2Samuel 17:1  Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night:

 17:2  And I will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only:

 17:3  And I will bring back all the people unto you: the man whom you seekest is as if all returned: so all the people shall be in peace.

 17:4  And the saying pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel.

 17:5  Then said Absalom, Call now Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear likewise what he saith.

 17:6  And when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom spake unto him, saying, Ahithophel hath spoken after this manner: shall we do after his saying? if not; speak you.

 17:7  And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that Ahithophel hath given is not good at this time.

 17:8  For, said Hushai, you knowest your father and his men, that they be mighty men, and they be chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field: and your father is a man of war, and will not lodge with the people.

 17:9  Behold, he is hid now in some pit, or in some other place: and it will come to pass, when some of them be overthrown at the first, that whosoever heareth it will say, There is a slaughter among the people that follow Absalom.

 17:10  And he also that is valiant, whose heart is as the heart of a lion, shall utterly melt: for all Israel knoweth that your father is a mighty man, and they which be with him are valiant men.

 17:11  Therefore I counsel that all Israel be generally gathered unto you, from Dan even to Beersheba, as the sand that is by the sea for multitude; and that you go to battle in your own person.

 17:12  So shall we come upon him in some place where he shall be found, and we will light upon him as the dew falleth on the ground: and of him and of all the men that are with him there shall not be left so much as one.

 17:13  Moreover, if he be gotten into a city, then shall all Israel bring ropes to that city, and we will draw it into the river, until there be not one small stone found there.

 17:14  And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For Yahweh had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that Yahweh might bring evil (calamity) upon Absalom.

 17:15  Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled.

 17:16  Now therefore send quickly, and tell David, saying, Lodge not this night in the plains of the wilderness, but speedily pass over; lest the king be swallowed up, and all the people that are with him.

 17:17  Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed by Enrogel; for they might not be seen to come into the city: and a wench went and told them; and they went and told king David.

 17:18  Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom: but they went both of them away quickly, and came to a man's house in Bahurim, which had a well in his court; whither they went down.

 17:19  And the woman took and spread a covering over the well's mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.

 17:20  And when Absalom's servants came to the woman to the house, they said, Where is Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman said unto them, They be gone over the brook of water. And when they had sought and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem.

 17:21  And it came to pass, after they were departed, that they came up out of the well, and went and told king David, and said unto David, Arise, and pass quickly over the water: for thus hath Ahithophel counselled against you.

 17:22  Then David arose, and all the people that were with him, and they passed over Jordan: by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not gone over Jordan.

 17:23  And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.

 17:24  Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.

 17:25  And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.   (1Chr 2:17)

 17:26  So Israel and Absalom pitched in the land of Gilead.

 17:27  And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lodebar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,

 17:28  Brought beds, and basons, and earthen (potter's) vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse,

 17:29  And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that were with him, to eat: for they said, The people is hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.

2Samuel 19:32 David remembers the kindness of Barzillai.

 

 

Absalom killed by Joab

2Samuel 18:1  And David numbered the people that were with him, and set captains of thousands and captains of hundreds over them.

 18:2  And David sent forth a third part of the people under the hand of Joab, and a third part under the hand of Abishai the son of Zeruiah, Joab's brother, and a third part under the hand of Ittai the Gittite. And the king said unto the people, I will surely go forth with you myself also.

 18:3  But the people answered, Thou shalt not go forth: for if we flee away, they will not care for us; neither if half of us die, will they care for us: but now you art worth ten thousand of us: therefore now it is better that you succour (aid) us out of the city.

 18:4  And the king said unto them, What seemeth you best I will do. And the king stood by the gate side, and all the people came out by hundreds and by thousands.

 18:5  And the king commanded Joab and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Deal gently for my sake with the young man, even with Absalom. And all the people heard when the king gave all the captains charge concerning Absalom.

 18:6  So the people went out into the field against Israel: and the battle was in the wood of Ephraim;

 18:7  Where the people of Israel were slain before the servants of David, and there was there a great slaughter that day of twenty thousand men.

 18:8  For the battle was there scattered over the face of all the country: and the wood devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.

 18:9  And Absalom met the servants of David. And Absalom rode upon a mule, and the mule went under the thick boughs of a great oak (terebinth tree), and his head caught hold of the oak (terebinth), and he was taken up between the heaven (sky) and the earth (land); and the mule that was under him went away.

Septuagint: 9  And Abessalom went to meet the servants of David: and Abessalom was mounted on his mule, and the mule came under the thick boughs of a great oak; and his head was entangled in the oak, and he was suspended between heaven and earth; and the mule passed on from under him.

 18:10  And a certain man saw it, and told Joab, and said, Behold, I saw Absalom hanged in an oak (terebinth).

 18:11  And Joab said unto the man that told him, And, behold, you sawest him, and why didst you not smite him there to the ground? and I would have given you ten shekels of silver, and a girdle.

 18:12  And the man said unto Joab, Though I should receive a thousand shekels of silver in mine hand, yet would I not put forth mine hand against the king's son: for in our hearing the king charged you and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Beware that none touch the young man Absalom.   (2Sa 18:5)

 18:13  Otherwise I should have wrought falsehood against mine own life: for there is no matter hid from the king, and you thyself wouldest have set thyself against me.

 18:14  Then said Joab, I may not tarry thus with you. And he took three darts in his hand, and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet alive in the midst of the oak (terebinth).

 18:15  And ten young men that bare Joab's armour compassed about and smote Absalom, and slew him.

 18:16  And Joab blew the trumpet, and the people returned from pursuing after Israel: for Joab held back the people.

 18:17  And they took Absalom, and cast him into a great pit in the wood, and laid a very great heap of stones upon him: and all Israel fled every one to his tent.

 18:18  Now Absalom in his lifetime had taken and reared up for himself a pillar, which is in the king's dale: for he said, I have no son to keep my name in remembrance: and he called the pillar after his own name: and it is called unto this day, Absalom's place.

 18:19  Then said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok, Let me now run, and bear the king tidings, how that Yahweh hath avenged him of his (hated) enemies.

 18:20  And Joab said unto him, Thou shalt not bear tidings this day, but you shalt bear tidings another day: but this day you shalt bear no tidings, because the king's son is dead.

 18:21  Then said Joab to Cushi, Go tell the king what you hast seen. And Cushi bowed himself unto Joab, and ran.

 18:22  Then said Ahimaaz the son of Zadok yet again to Joab, But howsoever, let me, I pray you, also run after Cushi. And Joab said, Wherefore wilt you run, my son, seeing that you hast no tidings ready?

 18:23  But howsoever, said he, let me run. And he said unto him, Run. Then Ahimaaz ran by the way of the plain, and overran Cushi.

 18:24  And David sat between the two gates: and the watchman went up to the roof over the gate unto the wall, and lifted up his eyes, and looked, and behold a man running alone.

 18:25  And the watchman cried, and told the king. And the king said, If he be alone, there is tidings in his mouth. And he came apace, and drew near.

 18:26  And the watchman saw another man running: and the watchman called unto the porter, and said, Behold another man running alone. And the king said, He also bringeth tidings.

 18:27  And the watchman said, Me thinketh the running of the foremost is like the running of Ahimaaz the son of Zadok. And the king said, He is a good man, and cometh with good tidings.

 18:28  And Ahimaaz called, and said unto the king, All is well. And he fell down to the earth (ground) upon his face before the king, and said, Blessed be Yahweh your God, which hath delivered up the men that lifted up their hand against my lord the king.

 18:29  And the king said, Is the young man Absalom safe? And Ahimaaz answered, When Joab sent the king's servant, and me your servant, I saw a great tumult, but I knew not what it was.

 18:30  And the king said unto him, Turn aside, and stand here. And he turned aside, and stood still.

 18:31  And, behold, Cushi came; and Cushi said, Tidings, my lord the king: for Yahweh hath avenged you this day of all them that rose up against you.

 18:32  And the king said unto Cushi, Is the young man Absalom safe? And Cushi answered, The enemies of my lord the king, and all that rise against you to do you hurt, be as that young man is.

 

David's return

 18:33 (2Samuel 19:1)  And the king was much moved, and went up to the chamber over the gate, and wept: and as he went, thus he said, O my son Absalom, my son, my son Absalom! would God I had died for (instead of) you, O Absalom, my son, my son!

 

 

David's return

2Samuel 19:1 (19:2)  And it was told Joab, Behold, the king weepeth and mourneth for Absalom.

 19:2 (3)  And the victory that day was turned into mourning unto all the people: for the people heard say that day how the king was grieved for his son.

 19:3 (4)  And the people gat them by stealth that day into the city, as people being ashamed steal away when they flee in battle.

 19:4 (5)  But the king covered his face, and the king cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!

 19:5 (6)  And Joab came into the house to the king, and said, Thou hast shamed this day the faces of all your servants, which this day have saved your life, and the lives of your sons and of your daughters, and the lives of your wives, and the lives of your concubines;

 19:6 (7)  In that you lovest your enemies, and hatest your friends. For you hast declared this day, that you regardest neither princes nor servants: for this day I perceive, that if Absalom had lived, and all we had died this day, then it had pleased you well.

 19:7 (8)  Now therefore arise, go forth, and speak comfortably unto your servants: for I swear by Yahweh, if you go not forth, there will not tarry one with you this night: and that will be worse unto you than all the evil (harm) that befell you from your youth until now.

 19:8 (9)  Then the king arose, and sat in the gate. And they told unto all the people, saying, Behold, the king doth sit in the gate. And all the people came before the king: for Israel had fled every man to his tent.

 19:9 (10)  And all the people were at strife throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying, The king saved us out of the hand of our (hated) enemies, and he delivered us out of the hand of the Philistines; and now he is fled out of the land for (because of) Absalom.

 19:10 (11)  And Absalom, whom we anointed over us, is dead in battle. Now therefore why speak ye not a word of bringing the king back?

 19:11 (12)  And king David sent to Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, saying, Speak unto the elders of Judah, saying, Why are ye the last to bring the king back to his house? seeing the speech of all Israel is come to the king, even to his house.

 19:12 (13)  Ye are my brethren, ye are my bones and my flesh: wherefore then are ye the last to bring back the king?

 19:13 (14)  And say ye to Amasa, Art you not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if you be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab.

Joab was going to be replaced.

 19:14 (15)  And he bowed the heart of all the men of Judah, even as the heart of one man; so that they sent this word unto the king, Return you, and all your servants.

 19:15 (16)  So the king returned, and came to Jordan. And Judah came to Gilgal, to go to meet the king, to conduct the king over Jordan.

 19:16 (17)  And Shimei the son of Gera, a Benjamite, which was of Bahurim, hasted and came down with the men of Judah to meet king David.

 19:17 (18)  And there were a thousand men of Benjamin with him, and Ziba the servant of the house of Saul, and his fifteen sons and his twenty servants with him; and they went over Jordan before the king.

 19:18 (19)  And there went over a ferry boat to carry over the king's household, and to do what he thought good. And Shimei the son of Gera fell down before the king, as he was come over Jordan;

 19:19 (20)  And said unto the king, Let not my lord impute iniquity unto me, neither do you remember that which your servant did perversely the day that my lord the king went out of Jerusalem, that the king should take it to his heart.

 19:20 (21)  For your servant doth know that I have sinned: therefore, behold, I am come the first this day of all the house of Joseph to go down to meet my lord the king.

 19:21 (22)  But Abishai the son of Zeruiah answered and said, Shall not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed Yahweh's anointed?

 19:22 (23)  And David said, What have I to do with you, ye sons of Zeruiah, that ye should this day be adversaries unto me? shall there any man be put to death this day in Israel? for do not I know that I am this day king over Israel?

 19:23 (24)  Therefore the king said unto Shimei, Thou shalt not die. And the king sware unto him.

 19:24 (25)  And Mephibosheth the (grand) son of Saul came down to meet the king, and had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his beard, nor washed his clothes, from the day the king departed until the day he came again in peace.

 19:25 (26)  And it came to pass, when he was come to Jerusalem to meet the king, that the king said unto him, Wherefore wentest not you with me, Mephibosheth?

 19:26 (27)  And he answered, My lord, O king, my servant (Ziba) deceived me: for your servant said, I will saddle me an ass, that I may ride thereon, and go to the king; because your servant is lame.

 19:27 (28)  And he hath slandered your servant unto my lord the king; but my lord the king is as an angel (messenger) of God: do therefore what is good in your eyes.

 19:28 (29)  For all of my father's house were but dead men before my lord the king: yet didst you set your servant among them that did eat at your own table. What right therefore have I yet to cry any more unto the king?

 19:29 (30)  And the king said unto him, Why speakest you any more of your matters? I have said, Thou and Ziba divide the land.

 19:30 (31)  And Mephibosheth said unto the king, Yea, let him take all, forasmuch as my lord the king is come again in peace unto his own house.

 19:31 (32)  And Barzillai the Gileadite came down from Rogelim, and went over Jordan with the king, to conduct him over Jordan.

 19:32 (33)  Now Barzillai was a very aged man, even fourscore (80) years old: and he had provided the king of sustenance while he lay at Mahanaim; for he was a very great man.

 19:33 (34)  And the king said unto Barzillai, Come you over with me, and I will feed you with me in Jerusalem.

 19:34 (35)  And Barzillai said unto the king, How long have I to live, that I should go up with the king unto Jerusalem?

 19:35 (36)  I am this day fourscore years old: and can I discern between good and evil? can your servant taste what I eat or what I drink? can I hear any more the voice of singing men and singing women? wherefore then should your servant be yet a burden unto my lord the king?

 19:36 (37)  Thy servant will go a little way over Jordan with the king: and why should the king recompense it me with such a reward?

 19:37 (38)  Let your servant, I pray you, turn back again, that I may die in mine own city, and be buried by the grave of my father and of my mother. But behold your servant Chimham; let him go over with my lord the king; and do to him what shall seem good unto you.

 19:38 (39)  And the king answered, Chimham shall go over with me, and I will do to him that which shall seem good unto you: and whatsoever you shalt require of me, that will I do for you.

 19:39 (40)  And all the people went over Jordan. And when the king was come over, the king kissed Barzillai, and blessed him; and he returned unto his own place.

 19:40 (41)  Then the king went on to Gilgal, and Chimham went on with him: and all the people of Judah conducted the king, and also half the people of Israel.

 19:41 (42)  And, behold, all the men of Israel came to the king, and said unto the king, Why have our brethren the men of Judah stolen you away, and have brought the king, and his household, and all David's men with him, over Jordan?

 19:42 (43)  And all the men of Judah answered the men of Israel, Because the king is near of kin to us: wherefore then be ye angry for this matter? have we eaten at all of the king's cost? or hath he given us any gift?

 19:43 (44)  And the men of Israel answered the men of Judah, and said, We have ten parts in the king, and we have also more right in David than ye: why then did ye despise us, that our advice should not be first had in bringing back our king? And the words of the men of Judah were fiercer than the words of the men of Israel.

 

 

Sheba's revolt

2Samuel 20:1  And there happened to be there a man of Belial (worthlessness), whose name was Sheba, the son of Bichri, a Benjamite: and he blew a trumpet, and said, We have no part in David, neither have we inheritance in the son of Jesse: every man to his tents, O Israel.

 20:2  So every man of Israel went up from after David, and followed Sheba the son of Bichri: but the men of Judah clave unto their king, from Jordan even to Jerusalem.

 20:3  And David came to his house at Jerusalem; and the king took the ten women his concubines, whom he had left to keep the house, and put them in ward, and fed them, but went not in unto them. So they were shut up unto the day of their death, living in widowhood.

 20:4  Then said the king to Amasa, Assemble me the men of Judah within three days, and be you here present.

David replaced Joab with Amasa.

 20:5  So Amasa went to assemble the men of Judah: but he tarried longer than the set time which he had appointed him.

 20:6  And David said to Abishai, Now shall Sheba the son of Bichri do us more harm than did Absalom: take you your lord's servants, and pursue after him, lest he get him fenced cities, and escape us.

 20:7  And there went out after him Joab's men, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and all the mighty men: and they went out of Jerusalem, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.

 20:8  When they were at the great stone which is in Gibeon, Amasa went before them. And Joab's garment that he had put on was girded unto him, and upon it a girdle with a sword fastened upon his loins in the sheath thereof; and as he went forth it fell out.

 20:9  And Joab said to Amasa, Art you in health, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him.

 20:10  But Amasa took no heed to the sword that was in Joab's hand: so he smote him therewith in the fifth rib, and shed out his bowels to the ground, and struck him not again; and he died. So Joab and Abishai his brother pursued after Sheba the son of Bichri.

 20:11  And one of Joab's men stood by him, and said, He that favoureth Joab, and he that is for David, let him go after Joab.

 20:12  And Amasa wallowed in blood in the midst of the highway. And when the man saw that all the people stood still, he removed Amasa out of the highway into the field, and cast a cloth upon him, when he saw that every one that came by him stood still.

 20:13  When he was removed out of the highway, all the people went on after Joab, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.

 20:14  And he went through all the tribes of Israel unto Abel, and to Bethmaachah, and all the Berites: and they were gathered together, and went also after him.

 20:15  And they came and besieged him in Abel of Bethmaachah, and they cast up a bank against the city, and it stood in the trench: and all the people that were with Joab battered the wall, to throw it down.

 20:16  Then cried a wise woman out of the city, Hear, hear; say, I pray you, unto Joab, Come near hither, that I may speak with you.

 20:17  And when he was come near unto her, the woman said, Art you Joab? And he answered, I am he. Then she said unto him, Hear the words of your handmaid. And he answered, I do hear.

 20:18  Then she spake, saying, They were wont to speak in old time, saying, They shall surely ask counsel at Abel: and so they ended the matter.

 20:19  I am one of them that are peaceable and faithful in Israel: you seekest to destroy a city and a mother in Israel: why wilt you swallow up the inheritance of Yahweh?

 20:20  And Joab answered and said, Far be it, far be it from me, that I should swallow up or destroy.

 20:21  The matter is not so: but a man of mount Ephraim, Sheba the son of Bichri by name, hath lifted up his hand against the king, even against David: deliver him only, and I will depart from the city. And the woman said unto Joab, Behold, his head shall be thrown to you over the wall.

 20:22  Then the woman went unto all the people in her wisdom. And they cut off the head of Sheba the son of Bichri, and cast it out to Joab. And he blew a trumpet, and they retired from the city, every man to his tent. And Joab returned to Jerusalem unto the king.

 20:23  Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

 20:24  And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

 20:25  And Sheva was scribe: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:

 20:26  And Ira also the Jairite was a chief ruler about David.

 

 

David repays the Gibeonites

David's victories

2Samuel 21:1  Then there was a famine in the days of David three years, year after year; and David enquired of Yahweh. And Yahweh answered, It is for (because of) Saul, and for his bloody house, because he slew the Gibeonites.

 21:2  And the king called the Gibeonites, and said unto them; (now the Gibeonites were not of the children of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites; and the children of Israel had sworn unto them: and Saul sought to slay them in his zeal to the children of Israel and Judah.)  (Josh 9:1-17)

 21:3  Wherefore David said unto the Gibeonites, What shall I do for you? and wherewith shall I make the atonement, that ye may bless the inheritance of Yahweh?

The atonement is the covering over of the blood guilt of Saul.

All oaths made to Yahweh must be upheld.

 21:4  And the Gibeonites said unto him, We will have no silver nor gold of Saul, nor of his house; neither for us shalt you kill any man in Israel. And he said, What ye shall say, that will I do for you.

 21:5  And they answered the king, The man that consumed us, and that devised against us that we should be destroyed from remaining in any of the coasts of Israel,

 21:6  Let seven men of his sons be delivered unto us, and we will hang them up unto Yahweh in Gibeah of Saul, whom Yahweh did choose. And the king said, I will give them.

 21:7  But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of Yahweh's oath that was between them, between David and Jonathan the son of Saul.

 21:8  But the king took the two sons of Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, whom she bare unto Saul, Armoni and Mephibosheth (not the son of Jonathan); and the five sons of Michal the daughter of Saul, whom she brought up for Adriel the son of Barzillai the Meholathite:

 21:9  And he delivered them into the hands of the Gibeonites, and they hanged them in the hill before Yahweh: and they fell all seven together, and were put to death in the days of harvest, in the first days, in the beginning of barley harvest.

 21:10  And Rizpah the daughter of Aiah took sackcloth, and spread it for her upon the rock, from the beginning of harvest until water dropped upon them out of heaven (the sky), and suffered neither the birds of the air to rest on them by day, nor the beasts of the field by night.

Deuteronomy 21:22-23

22  And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and you hang him on a tree:

23  His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but you shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that your land be not defiled, which Yahweh your God giveth you for an inheritance.

 21:11  And it was told David what Rizpah the daughter of Aiah, the concubine of Saul, had done.

 21:12  And David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabeshgilead, which had stolen them from the street of Bethshan, where the Philistines had hanged them, when the Philistines had slain Saul in Gilboa:

 21:13  And he brought up from thence the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son; and they gathered the bones of them that were hanged.

 21:14  And the bones of Saul and Jonathan his son buried they in the country of Benjamin in Zelah, in the sepulchre of Kish his father: and they performed all that the king commanded. And after that God was intreated for the land.

 21:15  Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint.

 21:16  And Ishbibenob, which was of the sons of the giant, the weight of whose spear weighed three hundred shekels of brass (bronze) in weight, he being girded with a new sword, thought to have slain David.

 21:17  But Abishai the son of Zeruiah succoured him, and smote the Philistine, and killed him. Then the men of David sware unto him, saying, Thou shalt go no more out with us to battle, that you quench not the light of Israel.

 21:18  And it came to pass after this, that there was again a battle with the Philistines at Gob: then Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Saph, which was of the sons of the giant.

 21:19  And there was again a battle in Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaareoregim, a Bethlehemite, slew the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the staff of whose spear was like a weaver's beam.

A different Goliath than the one David slew.

In verse 19, 'the brother of' is in italics, meaning it was added by the translators.

The Septuagint and the Hebrew read: “...Elhanan son of Jarreoregim the Bethleemite slew Goliath the Gittite;...”.

 21:20  And there was yet a battle in Gath, where was a man of great stature, that had on every hand six fingers, and on every foot six toes, four and twenty in number; and he also was born to the giant.

 21:21  And when he defied Israel, Jonathan the son of Shimea the brother of David slew him.

 21:22  These four were born to the giant in Gath, and fell by the hand of David, and by the hand of his servants.

In verse 20, “a man of stature” is H4067, size, height.

The KJV has H4055, measure, cloth garment. This is an error.

 

 

David's psalm of praise

Verses 2-51 are almost identical to Psalm 18.

2Samuel 22:1  And David spake unto Yahweh the words of this song in the day that Yahweh had delivered him out of the hand of all his (hated) enemies, and out of the hand of Saul:

 22:2  And he said, Yahweh is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer;

Deuteronomy 32:4  He is the Rock, His work is perfect: for all His ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is He.

 22:3  The God of my rock; in Him will I trust: He is my shield, and the horn of my salvation, my high tower, and my refuge, my saviour; You savest me from violence.

Hebrews 2:13  And again, I will put my trust in Him. And again, Behold I and the children which God hath given me.

 22:4  I will call on Yahweh, who is worthy to be praised: so shall I be saved from mine (hated) enemies.

 22:5  When the waves of death compassed me, the floods of ungodly men made me afraid;

 22:6  The sorrows of hell (land of the dead) compassed me about; the snares of death prevented me;

 22:7  In my distress I called upon Yahweh, and cried to my God: and He did hear my voice out of His temple, and my cry did enter into His ears.

 22:8  Then the earth (the land) shook and trembled; the foundations of heaven (the sky) moved and shook, because He was wroth.

Psalm 77:18  The voice of your thunder was in the heaven: the lightnings lightened the world: the land trembled and shook.

 22:9  There went up a smoke out of His nostrils, and fire out of His mouth devoured: coals were kindled by it.

Psalm 97:3  A fire goeth before Him, and burneth up His hated enemies round about.

 22:10  He bowed the heavens (skies) also, and came down; and darkness was under His feet.

The Hebrew reads: “He bent the skies and came down, heavy clouds beneath His feet.”

 22:11  And He rode upon a cherub, and did fly: and He was seen upon the wings of the wind.

Psalm 104:3  Who covers His chambers with waters; who makes the clouds His chariot; who walks on the wings of the wind.

 22:12  And He made darkness pavilions round about Him, dark waters, and thick clouds of the skies.

The Hebrew: “He made darkness all around Him, as booths, a mass of water as thick masses of clouds.”

Booths is H5521. The feast of Tabernacles.

Psalm 97:2  Clouds and darkness are round about Him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of His throne.

 22:13  Through the brightness before Him were coals of fire kindled.

 22:14  Yahweh thundered from heaven (the sky), and the most High uttered His voice.

1Samuel 2:10  The adversaries of Yahweh shall be broken to pieces; out of the sky shall He thunder upon them: Yahweh shall judge the ends of the earth; and He shall give strength unto His king, and exalt the horn of His anointed.

 22:15  And He sent out arrows, and scattered them; lightning, and discomfited them.

Psalm 7:13  He hath also prepared for Him the instruments of death; He ordaineth His arrows against the persecutors.

 22:16  And the channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the world were discovered, at the rebuking of Yahweh, at the blast of the breath of His nostrils.

Exodus 15:8  And with the blast of Your nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea.

 22:17  He sent from above, He took me; He drew me out of many waters;

Psalm 144:7  Send Your hand from above; rid me, and deliver me out of great waters, from the hand of strange children;

 22:18  He delivered me from my strong enemy (hated enemies strength), and from them that hated me: for they were too strong for me.

 22:19  They prevented me in the day of my calamity: but Yahweh was my stay.

 22:20  He brought me forth also into a large place: He delivered me, because He delighted in me.

Psalm 31:8  And hast not shut me up into the hand of the enemy: You hast set my feet in a large room.

 22:21  Yahweh rewarded me according to my righteousness: according to the cleanness of my hands hath He recompensed me.

Psalm 7:8  Yahweh shall judge the people: judge me, O Yahweh, according to my righteousness, and according to mine integrity that is in me.

Psalm 24:4  He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully.

 22:22  For I have kept the ways of Yahweh, and have not wickedly departed from my God.

Psalm 119:3  They also do no iniquity: they walk in His ways.

 22:23  For all His judgments were before me: and as for His statutes, I did not depart from them.

Deuteronomy 7:12  Wherefore it shall come to pass, if ye hearken to these judgments, and keep, and do them, that Yahweh your God shall keep unto you the covenant and the mercy which He sware unto your fathers:

 22:24  I was also upright before Him, and have kept myself from mine iniquity.

 22:25  Therefore Yahweh hath recompensed me according to my righteousness; according to my cleanness in His eye sight.

 22:26  With the merciful You wilt shew Thyself merciful, and with the upright man You wilt shew Thyself upright.

 22:27  With the pure You wilt shew Thyself pure; and with the froward You wilt shew Thyself unsavoury.

Leviticus 26:23-24

23  And if ye will not be reformed by Me by these things, but will walk contrary unto Me;

24  Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins.

 22:28  And the afflicted people You wilt save: but Your eyes are upon the haughty, that You mayest bring them down.

Psalm 72:12  For He shall deliver the needy when he crieth; the poor also, and him that hath no helper.

Job 40:11  Cast abroad the rage of Your wrath: and behold every one that is proud, and abase him.

 22:29  For You art my lamp, O Yahweh: and Yahweh will lighten my darkness.

 22:30  For by You I have run through a troop: by my God have I leaped over a wall.

 22:31  As for God, His way is perfect; the word of Yahweh is tried: He is a buckler to all them that trust in Him.

 22:32  For who is God, save Yahweh? and who is a Rock, save our God?

Isaiah 45:5-6

5  I am Yahweh, and there is none else, there is no God beside Me: I girded you, though you hast not known Me:

6  That they may know from the rising of the sun, and from the west, that there is none beside Me. I am Yahweh, and there is none else.

 22:33  God is my strength and power: and He maketh my way perfect.

Psalm 27:1  Yahweh is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? Yahweh is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?

 22:34  He maketh my feet like hinds' feet: and setteth me upon my high places.

 22:35  He teacheth my hands to war; so that a bow of steel is broken by mine arms.

Psalm 144:1  Blessed be Yahweh my strength, which teacheth my hands to war, and my fingers to fight:

 22:36  You hast also given me the shield of Your salvation: and Your gentleness (humility) hath made me great.

 22:37  You hast enlarged my steps under me; so that my feet did not slip.

Proverbs 4:12  When you goest, your steps shall not be straitened; and when you runnest, you shalt not stumble.

 22:38  I have pursued mine (hated) enemies, and destroyed them; and turned not again until I had consumed them.

 22:39  And I have consumed them, and wounded them, that they could not arise: yea, they are fallen under my feet.

 22:40  For You hast girded me with strength to battle: them that rose up against me hast You subdued under me.

 22:41  You hast also given me the necks of mine (hated) enemies, that I might destroy them that hate me.

 22:42  They looked, but there was none to save; even unto Yahweh, but He answered them not.

Proverbs 1:28  Then shall they call upon Me, but I will not answer; they shall seek Me early, but they shall not find Me:

 22:43  Then did I beat them as small as the dust of the earth (ground), I did stamp them as the mire of the street, and did spread them abroad.

Psalm 18:42  Then did I beat them small as the dust before the wind: I did cast them out as the dirt in the streets.

 22:44  You also hast delivered me from the strivings of my people, You hast kept me to be head of the heathen: a people which I knew not shall serve me.

Deuteronomy 28:13  And Yahweh shall make you the head, and not the tail; and you shalt be above only, and you shalt not be beneath; if that you hearken unto the commandments of Yahweh your God, which I command you this day, to observe and to do them:

Isaiah 55:5  Behold, you shalt call a nation that you knowest not, and nations that knew not you shall run unto you because of Yahweh your God, and for the Holy One of Israel; for He hath glorified you.

 22:45  Strangers (Sons of racial aliens) shall submit themselves unto me: as soon as they hear, they shall be obedient unto me.

 22:46  Strangers (Sons of racial aliens) shall fade away (from discouragement), and they shall be afraid out of their close places.

 22:47  Yahweh liveth; and blessed be my Rock; and exalted be the God of the rock of my salvation.

 22:48  It is God that avengeth me, and that bringeth down the people under me,

Psalm 144:2  My goodness, and my fortress; my high tower, and my deliverer; my shield, and He in whom I trust; who subdueth my people under me.

 22:49  And that bringeth me forth from mine (hated) enemies: You also hast lifted me up on high above them that rose up against me: You hast delivered me from the violent man.

 22:50  Therefore I will give thanks unto You, O Yahweh, among the heathen (nations), and I will sing praises unto Your name.

 22:51  He is the tower of salvation for His king: and sheweth mercy to His anointed, unto David, and to his seed for evermore.

Psalm 89:20  I have found David My servant; with My holy oil have I anointed him:

 

 

David's mighty men

2Samuel 23:1  Now these be the last words of David. David the son of Jesse said, and the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Jacob, and the sweet psalmist of Israel, said,

 23:2  The Spirit of Yahweh spake by me, and His word was in my tongue.

2Peter 1:21  For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Spirit.

 23:3  The God of Israel said, the Rock of Israel spake to me, He that ruleth over men (awdawm) must be just, ruling in the fear of God.

 23:4  And he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds; as the tender grass springing out of the earth by clear shining after rain.

 23:5  Although my house be not so with God; yet He hath made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered (setting order) in all things, and sure: for this is all my salvation, and all my desire, although He make it not to grow.

Septuagint: 5  For my house is not so with the Mighty One: for He has made an everlasting covenant with me, ready, guarded at every time; for all my salvation and all my desire is, that the wicked should not flourish.

Hebrew reads: 5  Is not my house so with El; He has made with me an everlasting covenant, setting in order all, and guarded: will He not make to grow all my prosperity, and all my desire?

 23:6  But the sons of Belial (worthlessness) shall be all of them as thorns thrust away, because they cannot be taken with hands:

 23:7  But the man that shall touch them must be fenced (filled, armed) with iron and the staff of a spear; and they shall be utterly burned with fire in the same place.

 23:8  These be the names of the mighty men whom David had: The Tachmonite that sat in the seat, chief among the captains; the same was Adino the Eznite: he lift up his spear against eight hundred, whom he slew at one time.

 23:9  And after him was Eleazar the son of Dodo the Ahohite, one of the three mighty men with David, when they defied the Philistines that were there gathered together to battle, and the men of Israel were gone away (retreated):

 23:10  He arose, and smote the Philistines until his hand was weary, and his hand clave unto the sword: and Yahweh wrought a great victory that day; and the people returned after him only to spoil.

The people fled and after Eleazar defeated the enemy they returned for the spoil.  

 23:11  And after him was Shammah the son of Agee the Hararite. And the Philistines were gathered together into a troop, where was a piece of ground full of lentiles: and the people fled from the Philistines.   (1 Chr 11:13-14)

 23:12  But he stood in the midst of the ground, and defended it, and slew the Philistines: and Yahweh wrought a great victory.

 23:13  And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.   (1 Chr 11:15, 1 Sam 22:1)

 23:14  And David was then in an hold, and the garrison of the Philistines was then in Bethlehem.   (1 Sam 22:4-5)

 23:15  And David longed, and said, Oh that one would give me drink of the water of the well (cistern) of Bethlehem, which is by the gate!

 23:16  And the three mighty men brake through the host of the Philistines, and drew water out of the well of Bethlehem, that was by the gate, and took it, and brought it to David: nevertheless he would not drink thereof, but poured it out unto Yahweh.

 23:17  And he said, Be it far from me, O Yahweh, that I should do this: is not this the blood of the men that went in jeopardy of their lives? therefore he would not drink it. These things did these three mighty men.

4Maccabees 3:6  And this may be more clearly comprehended from the thirst of king David.

3:7  For after David had been attacking the Philistines the whole day, he with the soldiers of his nation slew many of them;

3:8  then when evening came, sweating and very weary, he came to the royal tent, about which the entire host of our ancestors was encamped.

3:9  Now all the rest of them were at supper;

3:10  but the king, being very much athirst, although he had numerous springs, could not by their means quench his thirst;

3:11  but a certain irrational longing for the water in the enemy's camp grew stronger and fiercer upon him, and consumed him with languish.

3:12  Wherefore his body-guards being troubled at this longing of the king, two valiant young soldiers, reverencing the desire of the king, put on their panoplies, and taking a pitcher, got over the ramparts of the enemies:

3:13  and unperceived by the guardians of the gate, they went throughout the whole camp of the enemy in quest.

3:14  And having boldly discovered the fountain, they filled out of it the draught for the king.

3:15  But he, though parched with thirst, reasoned that a draught reputed of equal value to blood, would be terribly dangerous to his soul.

3:16  Wherefore, setting up reasoning in opposition to his desire, he poured out the draught to God.

3:17  For the temperate mind has power to conquer the pressure of the passions, and to quench the fires of excitement,

3:18  and to wrestle down the pains of the body, however excessive; and, through the excellency of reasoning, to abominate all the assaults of the passions.

 23:18  And Abishai, the brother of Joab, the son of Zeruiah, was chief among three. And he lifted up his spear against three hundred, and slew them, and had the name among three.

 23:19  Was he not most honourable of three? therefore he was their captain: howbeit he attained not unto the first three.

 23:20  And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow:

 23:21  And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, and slew him with his own spear.

 23:22  These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men.

 23:23  He was more honourable than the thirty, but he attained not to the first three. And David set him over his guard.

 23:24  Asahel the brother of Joab was one of the thirty; Elhanan the son of Dodo of Bethlehem,

 23:25  Shammah the Harodite, Elika the Harodite,

 23:26  Helez the Paltite, Ira the son of Ikkesh the Tekoite,

 23:27  Abiezer the Anethothite, Mebunnai the Hushathite,

 23:28  Zalmon the Ahohite, Maharai the Netophathite,

 23:29  Heleb the son of Baanah, a Netophathite, Ittai the son of Ribai out of Gibeah of the children of Benjamin,

 23:30  Benaiah the Pirathonite, Hiddai of the brooks of Gaash,

 23:31  Abialbon the Arbathite, Azmaveth the Barhumite,

 23:32  Eliahba the Shaalbonite, of the sons of Jashen, Jonathan,

 23:33  Shammah the Hararite, Ahiam the son of Sharar the Hararite,

 23:34  Eliphelet the son of Ahasbai, the son of the Maachathite, Eliam the son of Ahithophel the Gilonite,

 23:35  Hezrai the Carmelite, Paarai the Arbite,

 23:36  Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, Bani the Gadite,

 23:37  Zelek the Ammonite, Naharai the Beerothite, armourbearer to Joab the son of Zeruiah,

 23:38  Ira an Ithrite, Gareb an Ithrite,

 23:39  Uriah the Hittite: thirty and seven in all.

 

 

The census of Israel

2Samuel 24:1  And again the anger of Yahweh was kindled against Israel, and he moved David against them to say, Go, number Israel and Judah.  (1 Chr 21:1)

Septuagint: 1  And Yahweh caused His anger to burn forth again in Israel, and Satan stirred up David against them, saying, Go, number Israel and Judah.

1Chronicles 21:1  And Satan stood up against Israel, and provoked David to number Israel.

 24:2  For the king said to Joab the captain of the host, which was with him, Go now through all the tribes of Israel, from Dan even to Beersheba, and number (muster) ye the people, that I may know the number of the people.

Numbered the fighting men, not all the people.

 24:3  And Joab said unto the king, Now Yahweh your God add unto the people, how many soever they be, an hundredfold, and that the eyes of my lord the king may see it: but why doth my lord the king delight in this thing?

 24:4  Notwithstanding the king's word prevailed against Joab, and against the captains of the host. And Joab and the captains of the host went out from the presence of the king, to number the people (the fighting men) of Israel.

 24:5  And they passed over Jordan, and pitched in Aroer, on the right side of the city that lieth in the midst of the river of Gad, and toward Jazer:

 24:6  Then they came to Gilead, and to the land of Tahtimhodshi; and they came to Danjaan, and about to Zidon,

 24:7  And came to the strong hold of Tyre, and to all the cities of the Hivites, and of the Canaanites: and they went out to the south of Judah, even to Beersheba.

 24:8  So when they had gone through all the land, they came to Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days.

 24:9  And Joab gave up the sum of the number of the people unto the king: and there were in Israel eight hundred thousand valiant men that drew the sword; and the men of Judah were five hundred thousand men.

 24:10  And David's heart smote him after that he had numbered the people. And David said unto Yahweh, I have sinned greatly in that I have done: and now, I beseech You, O Yahweh, take away the iniquity of Your servant; for I have done very foolishly.

 24:11  For when David was up in the morning, the word of Yahweh came unto the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying,

 24:12  Go and say unto David, Thus saith Yahweh, I offer you three things; choose you one of them, that I may do it unto you.

 24:13  So Gad came to David, and told him, and said unto him, Shall seven years of famine come unto you in your land? or wilt you flee three months before your enemies, while they pursue you? or that there be three days' pestilence in your land? now advise, and see what answer I shall return to Him that sent me.

 24:14  And David said unto Gad, I am in a great strait (distress): let us fall now into the hand of Yahweh; for His mercies are great: and let me not fall into the hand of man.

Psalm 103:8,13-14

8  Yahweh is merciful and gracious, slow to anger, and plenteous in mercy.

13  Like as a father pitieth his children, so Yahweh pitieth them that fear Him.

14  For He knoweth our frame (form, conception); He remembereth that we are dust.

 24:15  So Yahweh sent a pestilence upon Israel from the morning even to the time appointed: and there died of the people from Dan even to Beersheba seventy thousand men.

 24:16  And when the angel (messenger) stretched out his hand upon Jerusalem to destroy it, Yahweh repented Him of the evil, and said to the angel (messenger) that destroyed the people, It is enough: stay now your hand. And the angel (messenger) of Yahweh was by the threshingplace of Araunah the Jebusite.

 24:17  And David spake unto Yahweh when he saw the angel (messenger) that smote the people, and said, Lo, I have sinned, and I have done wickedly: but these sheep, what have they done? let Your hand, I pray You, be against me, and against my father's house.

1Chronicles 21:17  And David said unto God, Is it not I that commanded the people to be numbered? even I it is that have sinned and done evil indeed; but as for these sheep, what have they done? let Your hand, I pray You, O Yahweh my God, be on me, and on my father's house; but not on Your people, that they should be plagued.

 24:18  And Gad came that day to David, and said unto him, Go up, rear an altar unto Yahweh in the threshingfloor of Araunah the Jebusite.

 24:19  And David, according to the saying of Gad, went up as Yahweh commanded.

 24:20  And Araunah looked, and saw the king and his servants coming on toward him: and Araunah went out, and bowed himself before the king on his face upon the ground.

 24:21  And Araunah said, Wherefore is my lord the king come to his servant? And David said, To buy the threshingfloor of you, to build an altar unto Yahweh, that the plague may be stayed from the people.

 24:22  And Araunah said unto David, Let my lord the king take and offer up what seemeth good unto him: behold, here be oxen for burnt sacrifice, and threshing instruments and other instruments of the oxen for wood.

 24:23  All these things did Araunah, as a king, give unto the king. And Araunah said unto the king, Yahweh your God accept you.

Araunah was a Canaanite.

 24:24  And the king said unto Araunah, Nay; but I will surely buy it of you at a price: neither will I offer burnt offerings unto Yahweh my God of that which doth cost me nothing. So David bought the threshingfloor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver.

 24:25  And David built there an altar unto Yahweh, and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So Yahweh was intreated for the land, and the plague was stayed from Israel.

 

 

 

2 SAMUEL – CHURCH DOCTRINE VS. SCRIPTURE

Below are 2 sources of what the modern churches preach today about the book of 2 Samuel.

The purpose is to expose the apostasy and perversion of the scriptures, and to educate our people about the truth of our heritage. That we, the anglo-saxon race who are the descendants of ancient Israel, are the people of Abraham's seed and therefore the heirs of the promises of Yahweh. Not the Jews who distort and pervert the scriptures and teach the 'traditions of men'.

 

 

Biblehub.com

The book of 2nd Samuel is a Narration of David as he becomes the King of Israel and the time during his reign, yet it also includes two psalms in hymns of praise in the final chapters. Its author is Samuel the prophet who wrote it at about 930 B.C. The key personalities are David, Joab, Bathsheba, Nathan, and Absalom. It was written to record the history of David’s reign and to demonstrate effective leadership under the submission of God. Approximately half of the book tells of King David’s success and the other half shows his failures.

• In chapters 1-10, we find that David becomes the king of Judah while the Northern part of the nation (Israel) rejects God and chooses to go with the dynastic tradition, by selecting Saul’s son Ish-Bosheth to rule. Ish-Bosheth eventually was executed and the northern tribes asked David to rule the entire nation of Israel. King David chooses to establish a new capital, Jerusalem, and through a tragic process, brings the Ark there.

• In chapters 11-24, we observe the sinful side of King David during his reign, and how it affected the nation of Israel. First, David commits adultery with a married woman named Bathsheba and she becomes pregnant. Afterward, he has her husband murdered in an attempt to repair things. The prophet Nathan confronts him and David repents and soon after the child dies. Bathsheba later gives birth to Solomon, who will be the next king of Israel. Absalom, David’s other son, plots a rebellious takeover and the nation approves. David flees for his life, yet ultimately raises enough troops and a strong backing to take back his seat and restore order; in the process, his rebellious son was killed.

 

 

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Contents and Theme: Kingship and Covenant

2 Samuel depicts David as a true (though imperfect) representative of the ideal theocratic king. David was initially acclaimed king at Hebron by the tribe of Judah (chs. 1 - 4), and subsequently was accepted by the remaining tribes after the murder of Ish-Bosheth, one of Saul's surviving sons (5:1-5). David's leadership was decisive and effective. He captured Jerusalem from the Jebusites and made it his royal city and residence (5:6-13). Shortly afterward he brought the ark of the Lord from the house of Abinadab to Jerusalem, publicly acknowledging the Lord's kingship and rule over himself and the nation (ch. 6; Ps 132:3-5).

Under David's rule the Lord caused the nation to prosper, to defeat its enemies and, in fulfillment of his promise (Ge 15:18), to extend its borders from Egypt to the Euphrates (ch. 8). David wanted to build a temple for the Lord -- as his royal house, as a place for his throne (the ark) and as a place for Israel to worship him. But the prophet Nathan told David that he was not to build the Lord a house (temple); rather, the Lord would build David a house (dynasty). Ch. 7 announces the Lord's promise that this Davidic dynasty would endure forever.

So why do the “churches” ignore this and claim that the tribes of Israel disappeared? Because the “churches” don't consider the OT and don't accept that the Israel of the OT is the same as the NT and the same as the white nations of the world today, and that Queen Elizabeth II is a descendant of David, and that she is NOT a Jew, and that the Jews are NOT Israel. They are of Cain and Esau. This climactic chapter also describes the establishment of the Davidic covenant (7:1-29,11,16; Ps 89:30-37). Later the prophets make clear that a descendant of David who sits on David's throne will perfectly fulfill the role of the theocratic king. He will complete the redemption of God's people (Isa 9:6-7; 11:1-16; Jer 23:5-6; 30:8-9; 33:14-16; Eze 34:23-24; 37:24-25), thus enabling them to achieve the promised victory with him (Ro 16:20).

After the description of David's rule in its glory and success, chs. 10 - 20 depict the darker side of his reign and describe David's weaknesses and failures. Even though David remained a king after God's own heart because he was willing to acknowledge his sin and repent (12:13), he nevertheless fell far short of the theocratic ideal and suffered the disciplinary results of his disobedience (12:10-12). His sin with Bathsheba (chs. 11 - 12) and his leniency both with the wickedness of his sons (13:12-39; 21; 14:1,33; 19:4-6) and with the insubordination of Joab (3:28-39; 20:10,23) led to intrigue, violence and bloodshed within his own family and the nation. It eventually drove him from Jerusalem at the time of Absalom's rebellion. Nonetheless the Lord was gracious to David, and his reign became a standard by which the reigns of later kings were measured (2Ki 18:3; 22:2).

The book ends with David's own words of praise to God, who had delivered him from all his enemies (22:31-51), and with words of expectation for the fulfillment of God's promise that a king will come from the house of David and rule "over men in righteousness" (23:3-5). These songs echo many of the themes of Hannah's song (1Sa 2:1-10), and together they frame (and interpret) the basic narrative.